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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 203-207, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920625

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate the AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and practice among university students in a pilot site of AIDS health education in Zhoushan City, so as to provide the reference for AIDS health education in universities.@*Methods@#University students were recruited from Zhejiang Ocean University using a stratified cluster sampling method in 2018 and 2020, and the AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and practice were collected using a questionnaire survey. @*Results@#A total of 2 862 and 2 850 students were surveyed in 2018 and 2020, including 1 429 ( 49.93% ) and 1 414 ( 49.61% ) male students, respectively. The overall awareness of AIDS-related knowledge was 86.62% and 94.11% in 2018 and 2020, respectively. There were 544 ( 19.01% ) and 394 ( 13.82% ) students that were in favor of one-night stand, 308 ( 10.76% ) and 198 ( 6.95% ) students that were in favor of commercial sexual behaviors, and there were 59 ( 2.06% ) and 34 ( 1.19% ) students that had casual sexual behaviors within one year, and 20 ( 0.70% ) and 8 students ( 0.28% ) with commercial sexual behaviors within one year. There was a significant difference in the awareness of AIDS-related knowledge among students with different years at the university ( P<0.05 ). The lowest awareness of AIDS-related knowledge was seen in freshmen in 2018 ( 81.74% ), and the highest awareness was found in freshmen in 2020 (97.17% ). The proportions of being in favor of one-night stand ( 2018: 31.35% vs. 6.70%; 2020: 22.07% vs. 5.71%; P<0.05 ), being in favor of commercial sexual behaviors ( 2018: 19.91% vs. 2.23%; 2020: 12.09% vs. 1.88%; P<0.05), having casual sexual behaviors within one year (2018: 3.71% vs. 0.42%; 2020: 2.19% vs. 0.21%; P<0.05), and having commercial sexual behaviors within one year ( 2018: 1.33% vs. 0.07%; 2020: 0.50% vs. 0.07%; P<0.05 ) were significantly greater in male students than in female students.@*Conclusions@#The pilot AIDS health education is effective to increase the awareness of AIDS-related knowledge, possess the correct attitudes towards sexual behaviors and reduce high-risk sex behaviors among university students in Zhoushan City. Intensified AIDS health education is recommended among senior and male university students.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1206-1211, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886619

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationships between sleep behaviors, chronotype and emotional symptoms including depression and anxiety symptoms among college students.@*Methods@#Freshmen and sophomore from one university in Anhui Province were recruited through cluster sampling method. The baseline survey was conducted in November 2020, and the follow up survey was conducted 2 months later. The Morning and Evening Questionnaire 5 (MEQ-5) was used to assess chronotype. The Insomnia severity Index (ISI) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale for Children and Adolescents (ESS-CHAD) were used to evaluate sleep behaviors. Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) was used to assess depression and anxiety symptoms, respectively. The detection rate of depression and anxiety among college students with different demographic characteristics, different sleep chronotypes and sleep behavior were compared, and the association between sleep behavior, chronotypes and depression and anxiety symptoms was analyzed.@*Results@#The detection rates of depressive and anxiety symptoms were higher in the college students with daytime sleepiness and insomnia( χ 2=12.39,22.68;40.14,29.46, P <0.01). Logistic regression results showed that at the baseline daytime sleepiness and insomnia were positively associated with depression ( OR =3.03, 5.23) and anxiety symptoms ( OR =3.74, 4.24), respectively ( P <0.05), however, no association was found between chronotype and symptoms of depression and anxiety ( P >0.05). Follow up survey results were consistent with baseline.@*Conclusion@#Daytime sleepiness and insomnia are risk factors for depression and anxiety symptoms among college students. It is suggested that keeping healthy sleep behaviors play an important role in mental health promotion among college students in the future.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883456

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the identification value of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag), cytokeratin 19 fragment (Cyfra211), thyroglobulin (TG), ferritin (Fer) and procalcitonin (PCT) in fine needle aspiration eluent in benign and malignant cervical nodules, and acquire the optimal diagnostic model.Methods:Three hundred and ninety-six single cervical nodule patients who underwent fine needle aspiration biopsy from August 2017 to August 2019 in the Center Hospital of Xiaogan City of Hubei Province were selected. The fine needle aspiration eluent levels of CEA, SCC-Ag, Cyfra211, TG, Fer and PCT were detected by electrogenerated chemiluminescence method. The results of cytopathological diagnosis were regard as "gold standard", and the diagnostic efficiency of single and combined indexes in fine needle aspiration eluent were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:Among the 396 patients, malignant nodules was in 101 cases, and benign nodules was in 295 cases. The fine needle aspiration eluent levels of CEA, SCC-Ag, Cyfra211, TG and Fer in patients with malignant nodules were significantly higher than those in patients with benign nodules: (27.73 ± 10.63) μg/L vs. (16.81 ± 8.18) μg/L, (1.59 ± 0.74) μg/L vs. (1.09 ± 0.83) μg/L, (3.31 ± 1.48) μg/L vs. (1.66 ± 0.59) μg/L, (144.96 ± 38.93) μg/L vs. (95.03 ± 47.23) μg/L and (191.18 ± 80.13) μg/L vs. (137.87 ± 63.22) μg/L, the PCT was significantly lower than that in patients with benign nodules: (0.61 ± 0.24) μg/L vs. (1.01 ± 0.52) μg/L, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). The ROC curve analysis result showed that the CEA, Cyfra211 and TG had super diagnostic value (area under curve>0.7, Youden index>0.5); the area under curve of CEA, Cyfra211 combined with TG was significantly higher than other combined detection of 2 indexes ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The combined detection of CEA, Cyfra211 and TG in fine needle aspiration eluent can effectively distinguish the benign and malignant cervical nodules.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 863-866, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881294

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding protection against COVID-19 among primary and middle school students in Hangzhou and to provide a scientific basis for schools to carry out targeted prevention and control measures.@*Methods@#Anonymous network sampling survey was carried out through the questionnaire star, and a total of 14 216 subjects from primary and middle school in Hangzhou were recruited to fill in the questionnaire regarding knowledge, attitudes and practice of COVID-19 from March 3 to March 7, 2020.@*Results@#Primary and middle school students showed high awareness rate of transmission (85.83%) and incubation period (77.44%), but lower awareness on symptoms (44.70%) of COVID-19. The practice of wearing masks, cough etiquette and correct hand washing were 97.27%, 88.01% and 91.82%, respectively. The protective practice among primary and middle school students were generally good, 91.21% of them were at moderate level or above. 83.91% of primary and secondary school students reported worries about infection of COVID-19, and 55.42% of primary and secondary school students were anxious about returning to school. Primary school students and rural students were more anxious about returning to school(χ 2=46.66, 26.70, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The primary and middle school students in Hangzhou have a relatively good level of knowledge and practice concerning COVID-19. Yet, it is necessary to carry out targeted health education and strengthen mental health education for primary and middle school students.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of different blood pressure control levels on left ventricular myocardial mechanics in patients with primary elderly hypertension by using two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI).Methods:A total of 315 elderly patients with essential hypertension diagnosed in Bethune Hospital Affiliated to Shanxi Medical University from January to June 2017 were collected and randomly divided into standard antihypertensive group and intensive antihypertensive group. The patients who were receiving antihypertensive drugs were treated with antihypertensive drugs more or less, and the patients who had not yet been treated started antihypertensive drugs therapy. The blood pressure was adjusted to the target value within 3 months (blood pressure in standard antihypertensive group was controlled at 130-150/<90 mmHg, intensive antihypertensive group was controlled at 110-130/<80 mmHg). All patients were followed up for 24 months. After 24 months of antihypertensive drugs treatment, 26 cases of lost follow-up, substandard blood pressure or poor image quality were excluded, and 289 patients were included, standard antihypertensive group ( n=148), intensive antihypertensive group ( n=141) . During the same period, 71 age-matched people without essential hypertension were selected as control group. Comprehensive echocardiography were performed in all subjects at baseline and 24 months. The longitudinal strain of the inner, middle and outer layers (GLS-endo, GLS-mid, GLS-epi) of the whole left ventricle were obtained by two-dimensional speckle tracking technique. The routine echocardiographic and left ventricular strain parameters were compared at baseline and 24 months. Results:①At baseline, the end-diastolic thickness of interventricular septum (IVSD), the end-diastolic thickness of left ventricular posterior wall (LVPWD), the end-diastolic diameter of left ventricle (LVEDD), the left ventricular mass index (LVMI), the relative wall thickness (RWT) and the ratio of early diastolic mitral flow velocity to early diastolic mitral annulus velocity(E/e′) in two antihypertensive groups were higher than those in the control group, and the levels of GLS-endo, GLS-mid and GLS-epi were lower than those in the control group(all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in routine echocardiographic parameters and strain parameters between standard antihypertensive group and intensive antihypertensive group (all P>0.05). ②After 24 months of antihypertensive drugs treatment, LVEDD and E/e′ in standard antihypertensive group and IVSD, LVPWD, LVEDD, LVMI, RWT, E/e′in intensive antihypertensive group were lower than those at baseline, and IVSD, LVMI and RWT in intensive antihypertensive group were lower than those in standard antihypertensive group (all P<0.05). ③After 24 months of antihypertensive drugs treatment, GLS-endo, GLS-mid and GLS-epi in two antihypertensive groups were higher than those at baseline, and GLS-endo, GLS-mid, GLS-epi in intensive antihypertensive group were higher than those in standard antihypertensive group(all P<0.05). Conclusions:①The left ventricular myocardial mechanics is damaged and the systolic function is decreased in elderly patients with essential hypertension; ②The myocardial mechanics is significantly improved after antihypertensive treatment, with more improvement in intensive antihypertensive treatment patients.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1116-1120, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909463

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of early rehabilitation exercise on blood pressure of elderly patients with septic shock.Methods:A single-center, prospective, randomized controlled study was conducted in elderly patients with septic shock who were hospitalized in the department of critical care medicine of Huangshan Shoukang Hospital (High-tech Zone Central Hospital of Huangshan) from December 2018 to November 2020. According to the principle of simple random, all patients were divided into control group and intervention group. Both groups were treated with lower limb barometry to prevent deep vein thrombosis, 3 times a day, 30 minutes each time. After comprehensive treatment in the intensive care unit (ICU), the severity of patients was gradually improved, the hemodynamics was relatively stable, and the norepinephrine was reduced to 0.5 μg·kg -1·min -1. The control group continued to receive lower limb barometric treatment without rehabilitation training, while the intervention group began rehabilitation training when the dose of norepinephrine was reduced to 0.5 μg·kg -1·min -1. The duration of norepinephrine use, the length of ICU stay, and the occurrence of adverse events during rehabilitation training in intervention group was recorded. Results:Seventy-two patients were included in the final analysis, 35 in intervention group and 37 in control group. There was no significant difference in gender, age, Oxford acute severity of illness score (OASIS), acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ (APACHEⅡ), mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 3 times and underlying diseases between two groups. Compared with control group, the length of ICU stay and duration of dose of norepinephrine ≤0.5 μg·kg -1·min -1 in intervention group were significantly shorter [length of ICU stay (hours): 193.0 (145.5, 312.0) vs. 242.5 (180.0, 483.5), P < 0.05; duration of dose of norepinephrine ≤0.5 μg·kg -1·min -1 (hours): 120.0 (72.0, 144.0) vs. 144.5 (120.0, 192.0), Z = 2.976, P = 0.003]. In intervention group, 35 patients did not show acute myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, syncope, central venous catheter detachment, and gastric tube detachment during the rehabilitation period, except 1 patient suffered from naked hematuria due to urinary catheter traction, which disappeared the next day after symptomatic treatment. Conclusion:The early rehabilitation exercise was beneficial to the recovery of autonomic blood pressure in elderly patients with septic shock, shorten the time of norepinephrine use and ICU stay.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 914-918, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909124

ABSTRACT

Objective:By investigating the cognitive level and influencing factors of heart failure knowledge in patients with chronic Keshan disease, so as to provide reference for improving the cognitive level of disease-related knowledge of the patients with Keshan disease in the targeted manner.Methods:In 2019, 100 patients with chronic Keshan disease were selected in Jingchuan County, Gansu Province. A questionnaire survey was conducted using the heart failure knowledge questionnaire to conduct correlation and regression analysis on the cognitive level of patients' heart failure knowledge and influencing factors.Results:Patients' average score of the heart failure knowledge level was (6.18 ± 2.72) points, and the scoring accuracy rate was 41.20%. The Spearman correlation analysis indicated that heart failure knowledge level was associated with annual family income ( r = 0.363, P < 0.01), the hospitalization times due to heart failure ( r = 0.304, P < 0.01), and the number of family members ( r = 0.240, P < 0.05). The results of multiple linear regression showed that the cognitive level of heart failure knowledge in male patients was higher than that in female patients ( P < 0.05). The more hospitalization times ( P < 0.05) and the more family members ( P < 0.05) were, the higher the cognitive level of heart failure knowledge was. Conclusions:The cognitive level of heart failure knowledge of patients with chronic Keshan disease is generally low. Medical staff should actively make use of the patient's hospitalization time for health education, and pay attention to the health education of family members of the patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 889-892, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909119

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application and problems existing in the implementation of the standard of "Assessment for Therapeutic Efficacy of Kashin-Beck Disease" (WS/T 79-2011, referred to as new standard), and to provide technical basis and suggestions for further improving the standard.Methods:In 2019, a questionnaire survey was conducted and analyzed in Sichuan, Shaanxi, Qinghai and Gansu provinces and Tibet Autonomous Region on basic information, standard implementation, publicity, training and application of scoring method of joint dysfunction index of Kashin-Beck disease prevention and control technicians.Results:One hundred and thirty-four questionnaires were distributed in this survey and 132 valid questionnaires were recovered, of which 88.64% (117/132) of Kashin-Beck disease prevention and control technicians received training in the new standard and 89.39% (118/132) used the new standard; 78.03% (103/132) thought that the standard terms were clear and easy to master; 71.97% (95/132) thought it was simple, convenient and easy to operate; 49.24% (65/132) thought that the standard evaluation results were consistent with the actual improvement of patients, and 50.75% (67/132) thought that it was generally consistent; 72.73% (96/132) thought that the design was scientific, reasonable and feasible. When using the scoring method of joint dysfunction index, more than 90% of the technicians thought that the five index terms of "joint rest pain", "joint movement pain", "morning stiffness", "maximum walking distance" and "limb activity ability" were easy to understand and ask questions. When patients with Kashin-Beck disease were investigated, the constituent ratios of easy to understand the five index terms were 96.21% (127/132), 83.33% (110/132), 90.15% (119/132), 78.79%(104/132), 90.15%(119/132) and the constituent ratios of easy to answer were 95.45% (126/132), 83.33% (110/132), 89.39% (118/132), 75.00% (99/132) and 89.39% (118/132), respectively.Conclusions:The new standard terms are clear, the design is scientific and reasonable, the operation is convenient and the feasibility is strong. The evaluation results are basically consistent with the actual improvement of patients. It is suggested to add objective evaluation indexes to the scoring method of joint dysfunction index.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908227

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of attention and interpretation therapy on sleep dysfunction and quality of life in perimenopausal syndrome patients.Methods:From August 2018 to January 2020, a total of 76 patients with perimenopausal syndrome were divided into experimental group (38 cases) and control group (38 cases) according to the random number table method. Two groups recieved routine therapy and nursing care, on the basis of this, the experimental group was given attention and interpretation therapy for 10 weeks. Before intervention and after 10 weeks of intervention, the effects were assessed by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Menopause-Specific Quality of Life (MENQOL), respectively.Results:There was no significant difference in the score of PSQI, MENQOL before intervention between the two groups ( P>0.05). After intervention, the sleep quality, sleep duration, sleep efficiency scores and total PSQI scores were 0.79±0.10, 1.48±0.23, 1.11±0.22, 9.70±0.59; in addition, the vasomotor symptoms, psychological symptoms, somatic symptoms and total MENQOL scores were 3.06±0.81, 2.06±0.81, 2.50±0.51, 2.63±0.39 in the experimental group, significanlty lower than those in the control group (1.03±0.22, 1.85±0.33, 1.25±0.28, 10.59±0.66, 3.69±0.95, 2.83±0.77, 2.92±0.94, 3.18±0.53), the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.306-6.021, P<0.05). Conclusions:Attention and interpretation therapy can effectively alliviate sleep dysfunction and improve quality of life of perimenopausal syndrome patients.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 553-557, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881936

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current status of emotional intelligence and perceived professional benefits in undergraduate nursing student interns(hereinafter referred to as nursing student intern) and to analyze their correlation. METHODS: By convenience sampling method, 322 nursing student interns from 3 class A general hospitals in Nanchang City were selected as study subjects. Their emotional intelligence and the occupation benefits they obtained were investigated by Emotional Intelligence Scale and Nurses′ Perceived Professional Benefits Scale. RESULTS: The total average score of emotional intelligence was(3.6±0.6) and the average scores of each dimension item were others′ emotional assessment(3.8±0.6), self-emotional management(3.6±0.7), self-emotional use(3.6±0.7) and self-emotional assessment(3.5±0.7). The total average score of perceived professional benefits was(3.9±0.6) and the average scores of all dimensions were good nurse patient relationship(4.1±0.6), self growth(4.0±0.7), team belonging(3.9±0.6), family identity(3.9±0.6), and positive occupational perception(3.7±0.7). Emotional intelligence and its four dimensions were positively correlated with nursing perceived professional benefits and its five dimensions(P<0.01). Hierarchical multiple regression analysis results showed that, emotional assessment of others and self-emotion management had a positive predictive effect on perceived professional benefits, and explained 41.5% of the variance. CONCLUSION: The emotional intelligence of nursing student interns and their perceived professional benefits were positively correlated. Nursing educators could improve the perceived professional benefits of nursing student interns by strengthening the training of emotional intelligence.

11.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 402-409, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881912

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To obtain information on the toxicity of lufenuron on the reproduction ability and the growth and development of offspring in female and male rats through two-generation reproduction toxicity study. METHODS: The specific pathogen free healthy SD rats were randomly divided into control group and low-, medium-and high-dose lufenuron groups, with 60 rats in each group, half females and half males. Rats in the low-, medium-and high-dose lufenuron groups were respectively fed with lufenuron at the dose of 5.0, 20.0 and 80.0 mg/(kg body weight·day) for 8 weeks before mating. The control group was fed with standard foot. The reproductive index, brain and reproductive organ coefficients and pathological changes were observed in P and F1 parents. The birth and growth indexes of the offspring were measured. RESULTS: i) P generation: from the 14 th day, the female rats in the medium-dose group had lower body weight than that of the female control group(P<0.05); from the 35 th day, the body weight was lower than that of the female low-dose group(P<0.05). From the 14 th day, the female rats in the high-dose group had lower body weight than that of the other three female groups(P<0.05). From the 14 th day, the male rats in the medium-and high-dose groups had lower body weight than that of the male control group and low-dose group(P<0.05). The body weight of pregnant rats in the parental high-dose group was lower than that of the control group, low-dose group, and medium-dose group at day 0, 7, 14, 19 of the pregnancy duration(P<0.05). The body weight of pregnant rats in the parental medium-dose group was lower than that of the low-dose group on day 0 of the pregnancy duration, and lower than that of the control and low-dose groups on day 7 and 14(P<0.05). The conception rate, the new-borne survival rates and the feeding survival rate of female rats in the high-dose group was lower than that of the other three female groups(P<0.008). The new-borne feeding survival rate of female rats in the medium-dose group was lower than that of the control group and low-dose group(P<0.008). The organ coefficients of brain in female rats in the medium-and high-dose groups were higher than that of the female control group and low-dose group(P<0.05). The organ coefficients of brain and testis in male rats in the medium-and high-dose groups were higher than that of the control group and low-dose group(P<0.05). The organ coefficient of epididymis in male rats in the high dose group was lower than that of the other three male groups(P<0.05). ii) F1 generation: the body weight of female rats in the low-and medium-dose group was higher than that of the female control group on the 42 th day(P<0.05). The body weight of male rats in the low-dose group was higher than that of the male control group on the 42 th, 49 th, and 56 th days(P<0.05). The body weight of male rats in the medium-dose group was higher than that of the male control group on the 14 th, 21 th, 42 th, 49 th, and 56 th days(P<0.05). The new-borne survival rate in the low-dose group was lower than that of the control group(P<0.017). The body weight of new-borne rats in the high-dose group on day 4 of birth was lower than that in the other three female groups(P<0.05). iii) F2 generation: the body weight of male rats in the male medium-dose group was lower than that in the control group on day 21 of birth(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The reproductive and developmental toxicity of lufenuron is found in rats in the medium-and high-dose groups. Toxicities including low body weight, conception rate, new-borne survival rate and feeding survival rate are found in P generation; low body weight and feeding survival rate are found in F1 generation; low body weight is found in male F2 generation. The no-observed-adverse-effects levels of lufenuron in two-generation reproductive study are 5.87 mg/(kg·d) for females and 5.09 mg/(kg·d) for males in SD rats.

12.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 154-161, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881878

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity of kresoxim-methyl in rats. METHODS: Specific pathogen free SD rats were randomly divided into control group and low-, medium-and high-dose groups according to the body weight of rats, 120 rats in each group with half male and half female rats. The chronic toxicity and carcinogenesis was induced in rats for 104 weeks by oral feeding. The dose of kresoxim-methyl in feed of male and female rats was 0, 75, 300 and 1 200 mg/kg. During the process of experiment, the body weight of rats was weighed. The blood biochemistry, organ coefficient and histopathology were examined at the end of the exposure, and the tumor incidence was calculated. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in mortality of the female or male rats in the four groups(P>0.05). At the 32 nd, 48 th and 56 th week after exposure, the body mass of female rats in the high dose group was lower than that in control group(P<0.05); at the 8 th, 16 th, 24 th and 32 nd week, the body mass of male rats in the high dose group was lower than that in the control group(P<0.05). The organ coefficients of heart and adrenal gland of female rats in the high dose group were higher than those in the control group and the low dose group(P<0.05). The organ coefficient of liver of male rats in the high dose group was lower than that in the control group(P<0.05). The alkaline phosphatase of male rats in the three dose groups was lower than that in the control group(P<0.05). The blood glucose of male rats in the high dose group was higher than that in the control group(P<0.05). The aspartate aminotransferase of male rats in the high dose group was lower than that in the control group(P<0.05). There was no significant difference among the three indexes in female rats(P>0.05). The tumor incidence of the control group and the low, medium and high dose groups were 68.3%, 75.0%, 75.0% and 78.8%, respectively, with no significant difference(P>0.05). The tumor incidence of the female rats was higher than that of the male rats(87.0% vs 61.5%,P<0.01).The tumor multiplicity of the above four groups were 38.3%, 35.8%, 35.0%, 39.8%, respectively, with no significant difference(P>0.05). The tumor multiplicity in female rats was higher than that in male rats(56.9% vs 17.6%,P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The no observed adverse effect level of kresoxim-methyl to female and male SD rats was 24.726 and 20.002 mg/(kg·d), respectively. No carcinogenicity of kresoxim-methyl to SD rats was observed.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 67-70, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881867

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic ability of toxicity pathology in patho-toxicological testing institutions in China. METHODS: The institutions participated in the 2018 Interlaboratory Comparison Activity of Toxicity Pathology Testing(hereinafter referred to as reference unit) were selected as the research subjects. The heart, spleen, skin, soft tissue, liver and mammary gland of SD rats of different groups in the 2-year carcinogenesis test were selected. The femur, knee joint and nose of Beagle dogs in the 4-week toxicity test and a total of 10 pathological tissues were selected as the comparison samples. The pathological diagnosis was carried out by the pathological diagnostic personnel of the reference unit, and the diagnostic results were reported. The expert appointed by the Toxicology and Pathology Committee of Chinese Toxicology Association compared the diagnostic results with the appointed value. RESULTS: A total of 167 pathological diagnostic personnel from 75 reference units in 24 provinces and municipalities participated in the comparison activity. The reference units were mainly distributed in East China, South China and North China, accounting for 77.3%(58/75). Totally 75 reference units fed back 750 effective diagnostic results. The qualified rates of diagnosis on heart, spleen, skin, soft tissue and breast samples were higher than 60.0%. The qualified rates of diagnosis on femur and knee joint, and nose samples were low(30.7% and 6.7%, respectively). There were 1(1.3%), 46(61.4%) and 28(37.3%) reference units rated as unqualified, qualified and excellent, respectively. CONCLUSION: Most of the testing institutions in China have a high level of patho-toxicological diagnostic ability, that can provide reliable diagnostic results for toxicology safety evaluation tests.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 35-40, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881861

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the sub-acute toxicity of 1-bromopropane(1-BP) oral exposure for 28 days in SD rats. METHODS: Specific pathogen free adult female SD rats were randomly assigned to the control and exposed group, 8 rats in each group. The 1-BP was suspended in corn oil and administered by gavages in a dose of 800 mg/kg body weight to rats in the exposed group, once a day, 5 days per week for 4 weeks. The rats in the control group were given equal volume of corn oil. After the last exposure, blood and urine of rats were collected for 1-BP level detection and hematological examination. Brain, heart, lung, liver, kidney and spleen of rats were collected for gross pathological examination and histopathological examination. RESULTS: The rats of exposed group showed unstable standing, weakness of hind limbs, limping and lying down from the 3 rd week of exposure. From the 1 st to 4 th week of exposure, mean body weight of rats in the exposed group were significantly lower than those of the control group(P<0.05). In the exposed group, the level of 1-BP in urine was higher than that in blood(P<0.05), and that there was positive correlation between them(Spearman correlation coefficient=0.954, P<0.01). In the control group, 1-BP was not detected. The absolute weights of brain and lung tissue in the exposure group decreased(P<0.05), meanwhile the organ coefficients of heart, liver, spleen and kidney were significantly increased compared with the control group(P<0.05). The number of red blood cells, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, the mean hemoglobin concentration, the total serum cholesterol and triglycerides were decreased(P<0.05). No pathological change related to 1-BP exposure was observed in the main organs of the rats in the exposed group. CONCLUSION: The sub-acute oral toxicity of 1-BP is mainly neurotoxicity and hematotoxicity. The 1-BP level in urine may reflect its exposure.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 557-561, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866167

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the quality of life of patients with chronic Keshan disease, and to explore related influencing factors, in order to provide a theoretical basis for improving the quality of life of patients with chronic Keshan disease.Methods:According to the standard of "Diagnosis of Keshan Disease" (WS/T 210-2011), 110 patients with chronic Keshan disease treated in the Jingchuan People's Hospital, Pingliang City, Gansu Province were selected as the research subjects, and demographic and disease data of the patients were collected by questionnaire survey; the quality of life of patients was assessed by the Minnesota living with heart failure questionnaire (MLHFQ); and correlation analysis was used to analyze and explore the influencing factors of patients' MLHFQ score.Results:Among the 110 patients with chronic Keshan disease, 66 were males and 44 were females, aged (60.93 ± 8.22) years; the education level was mainly junior high school or below, accounting for 92.73% (102/110); average annual family income was 20 700 yuan; the cardio-thoracic ratio of the patient was 0.64 ± 0.09; the ejection fraction (EF) was (36.71 ± 7.55)%; the labor ability classification was mainly based on simple activities, accounting for 60.91% (67/110); and the cardiac function classification was mainly Grade Ⅲ, accounting for 67.27% (74/110). The total MLHFQ scores of chronic Keshan patients were (69.17 ± 16.14) points, and the scores of physical, emotional and other fields were (26.32 ± 6.70), (15.86 ± 4.96) and (26.94 ± 6.10) points, respectively. The total MLHFQ scores had statistically significant differences among patients with different education level, cardio-thoracic ratio, EF, labor ability classification, cardiac function classification and annual family income ( F=7.121, 6.236, 4.515, 3.427, 5.418, Z=2.346 , P < 0.05). The results of correlation analysis showed that educational level and labor ability classification were negatively correlated with scores in physical field and other fields ( r=- 0.302, - 0.206, - 0.343, - 0.285, P < 0.01), and annual family income was negatively correlated with scores in emotional field ( r=- 0.263, P < 0.01). The cardiac function classification was positively correlated with scores in physical and other fields ( r=0.233, 0.210, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The quality of life of patients with chronic Keshan disease is poor. The quality of life of patients is affected by their educational level, annual family income, labor ability classification, cardiac function classification, etc.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 435-439, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866140

ABSTRACT

Objective:To spread the knowledge of Keshan disease prevention and control, enhance the awareness of disease prevention among the population in the diseased areas, and provide the basis for formulating scientific intervention strategies for health education of Keshan disease.Methods:From October 2017 to April 2018, 10 counties (districts) with Keshan disease were selected as project counties(districts) in Gansu Province, and 3 towns were selected in each project county (district). To carry out Keshan disease health education activities in grade 4 - 6 of each township (town) central primary school, 3 villages were selected in each township to carry out community health education activities. We carried out 6-month propaganda on knowledge of Keshan disease prevention and control among pupils and residents, distributed health education materials and held lectures. Before and after the intervention, we conducted a questionnaire survey on health education among the target population (residents under 50 and primary school students in Grade 5), evaluated the improvement level of knowledge about keshan disease, and made statistical analysis.Results:Four hundred and fifty residents were investigated pre intervention and 451 residents post intervention, the awareness rate of Keshan disease prevention and control knowledge among residents in the diseased areas increased from 45.4% (2 041/4 500) before intervention to 79.5% (3 584/4 510) after intervention (χ 2 = 1 115.9, P < 0.05). Nine hundred and forty-eight pupils were investigated before intervention and 906 pupils (primary school students in Grade 5) after intervention, the awareness rate of Keshan disease prevention and control knowledge among pupils increased from 50.8% (4 818/9 480) before intervention to 84.2% (7 631/9 060) after intervention (χ 2 = 2 343.3, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The comprehensive intervention mainly based on health education can significantly improve the awareness rate of prevention and treatment knowledge of Keshan disease among primary school students and residents, and improve their bad life style, which is of great significance to the prevention and treatment of Keshan disease.

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Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 373-376, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866123

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of health education on drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis in Gansu Province, and provide evidence for further development of health education measures.Methods:In 2011-2013, 2016 and 2017, using prospective method, 16-19 drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis counties (cities, districts) were selected as project counties in Gansu Province each year, and 3 townships (towns) were selected in each project county. To carry out public health education activities on prevention and treatment of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis, school health education activities were carried out in the classes of grade 4-6 in the central primary school; 3 administrative villages were selected in each township (town) to carry out community health education activities. Before and after the health education activities, questionnaire surveys on health education of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis prevention knowledge were conducted among 30-50 students of grade 5 in the central primary school and 15-30 housewives lived near the schools in each township (town). Comparative analysis of the effects of health education activities was carried out.Results:The total awareness rates of prevention and treatment of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis in students of grade 5 and housewives were 89.55% (28 164/31 452) and 86.61% (14 976/17 292) after the intervention, respectively, which were significantly higher than those before the intervention [53.40% (16 518/30 933) and 51.88% (8 925/17 202)], and the differences were statistically significant (χ 2=1 586.16, 4 886.16, P < 0.05). Among the primary school students and housewives, the knowledge awareness rates of prevention and treatment of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis were increased by 36.15% and 34.73%, respectively. Conclusions:After implementation of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis health education intervention, the awareness rates of prevention and treatment knowledge in primary school students and housewives in Gansu Province are significantly increased. However, there are still weakness such as shortage of primary health education staff and insufficient investment in work funds, which means we can further expand the scope of health education.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866004

ABSTRACT

In the field of medical education, Ethiopia has made a great progress in recent years. After systematical inquiry of Ethiopia's clinical medical education, this paper elaborates the mode of undergraduate teaching in Ethiopia from aspects of curriculum design, emphasis of contents, teaching methods and assessment methods, and also introduces the development and continuing education of Ethiopian medical students after graduation. Moreover, the "Innovative Track" clinical medical education reform proposed by Ethiopia recently is introduced as well. Therefore, characteristics and advantages of clinical teaching in Ethiopia indicate that in the process of deepening the medical education reform in China, we should learn from different countries. In this way, the development of medical education in China can be promoted better and faster.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866384

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of non-convulsive electroconvulsive therapy combined with sodium valproate sustained-release tablets on cognitive function and prognosis of bipolar disorder patients with manic episode.Methods:From January 2016 to January 2019, 100 patients with bipolar disorder manic episode admitted to the Seventh People's Hospital of Shaoxing were studied.According to the random number table method, 100 patients were divided into combined group (50 cases) and control group (50 cases). The patients in the control group were treated with valproate sustained-release tablets, and the patients in the combined group were treated with valproate sustained-release tablets combined with convulsive-free electroconvulsive therapy.The mental status, cognitive function and prognosis of the two groups were observed and compared.Results:There were no statistically significant differences in the scores of Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale(BPRS), Bech-Rafaelsen mania scale(BRMS) between the two groups before treatment (all P>0.05). The scores of BPRS and BRMS in the combined group after 4 weeks of treatment were (19.18±3.16)points, (6.16±2.71)points, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(22.23±3.73)points, (8.23±3.03)points] ( t=4.411, 3.600, P=0.000, 0.000). After 4 weeks of treatment, the number of completed classification in the combined group was (3.23±0.58), which was significantly higher than that in the control group (3.23±0.58), and the number of errors, persistent responses and persistent errors in the combined group were (31.49±8.18), (21.66±7.48), (10.47±2.88), which were significantly lower than those in the control group[(43.26±10.32), (26.41±9.16), (15.12±3.43)], the differences were statistically significant ( t=5.029, 6.320, 2.840, 7.341, P=0.000, 0.000, 0.005, 0.000). The verbal intelligence quotient, operational intelligence quotient and IQ score of WAIS-RC scale in the combined group were (108.81±13.66)points, (107.41±15.23)points, (109.71±16.23)points, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(101.55±10.08)points, (100.94±13.78)points, (102.48±14.64)points], the differences were statistically significant( t=3.023, 2.229, 2.339, P=0.003, 0.028, 0.021). The long-term memory, short-term memory, instantaneous memory and memory quotient in WMS scale scores of the combined group were (41.55±6.12)points, (58.16±7.16)points, (13.55±2.71)points, (104.46±11.69)points, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(38.23±5.28)points, (49.11±5.31)points, (12.06±2.19)points, (98.71±9.51)points], the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.904, 7.178, 3.023, 2.698, P=0.004, 0.000, 0.003, 0.008). The onset time, restraint time and hospitalization time of the combined group were (16.44±5.06)d, (30.71±9.27)h, (49.54±9.28)d, respectively, which were significantly shorter than those of the control group [(16.44±5.06)d, (30.71±9.27)h, (33.48±7.12)d], the restraint times and recurrence times of the combined group were (3.21±0.84)times, (3.03±0.76)times, respectively, which were significantly less than those of the control group [(1.36±0.49)times, (1.22±0.41)times], and the hospitalization expense of the combined group was (6 155.79±678.11)CNY, which was significantly lower than that of the control group [(4 162.48±513.48)CNY], the differences were statistically significant ( t=7.341, 4.529, 9.708, 13.451, 14.821, 16.570, P=0.000). Conclusion:Non-convulsive electroconvulsive therapy combined with sodium valproate sustained-release tablets is superior to sodium valproate alone in the treatment of bipolar disorder manic episode.And it can significantly improve the mental status and cognitive function, promote the rapid recovery, shorten hospitalization time and reduce hospitalization cost.It is worthy of promotion in clinical practice.

20.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 152-156, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881769

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of 1,2-dichloroethane(1,2-DCE) subacute exposure on depression in rats as well as the relevant mechanism of monoamine neurotransmitters. METHODS: The specific pathogen free male SD rats were randomly divided into control group, low-, medium-, and high-dose groups, with 10 rats in each group. The rats in these 4 groups were intra-gastrically administered with 1,2-DCE(diluted in corn oil) at the dose of 0, 20, 40, 80 mg/kg body weight, every other day for 14 times. After exposure, the behavior change of rats was observed by open-field test, sucrose preference test and forced swim test. The levels of the monoamine neurotransmitters including 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT), noradrenaline(NA) and dopamine(DA) in prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and striatum of rats were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection method. RESULTS: The number of rearing, time and distance of central area, sucrose preference index of mice in medium and high dose groups were decreased(P<0.05), while immobility time of forced swim test was increased(P<0.05) when compared with the mice in control group. The levels of 5-HT, NA and DA in prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and striatum decreased with the increase of 1,2-DCE exposure(P<0.05), showing a dose-effect relationship. The levels of 5-HT, NA and DA in prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and striatum in the high-dose group were lower than that of control group(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The subacute exposure of 1,2-DCE can induce depression-like behavior in rats. The mechanism might be related to the reduction of monoamine neurotransmitters in striatum, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex.

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