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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between the expression of signaling lymphocyte activation molecule family 6 (SLAMF6) on peripheral blood CD8 +T cells and perforin and granzyme B and the clinical significance in patients with newly diagnosed severe aplastic anemia(SAA). Methods:The indicators of blood routine and bone marrow and peripheral blood samples of 32 newly diagnosed SAA patients admitted to Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from January 2016 to June 2019 were collected for retrospective analysis. Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of SLAMF6, perforin and granzyme B on samples CD8 +T cell before therapy and 6 months after therapy (11 cases received transplantation, 21 cases received immunosuppressive therapy [IST]). Spearman correlation analysis was performed to determine the association between clinical indicators and laboratory test results. The expression of SLAMF6, perforin and granzyme B was also detected in 10 healthy people (normal group) and 13 myelodysplastic syndromes/paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (MDS/PNH) patients (MDS/PNH group). Results:(1) At diagnosis: the expression of SLAMF6 was significantly lower in the SAA group than that in the normal group and the MDS/PNH group ([56.40±6.37]% vs [84.34±5.81]% and [82.24±4.98]% (both P<0.001]). The expression of perforin was significantly higher in the SAA group (32.73±8.46) than that in the normal control group (23.75%±5.10%), and the MDS/PNH group (26.12%±5.53%) (both P<0.05). The expression of granzyme B was also significantly higher in the SAA group (36.23%±7.94%) than that in the normal control group (21.67%±5.05%) and the MDS/PNH group (21.79%±5.10%) (both P<0.001). The expression of SLAMF6 was positively correlated with the hemoglobin ( r=0.804), and reticulocyte absolute values ( r=0.656) in peripheral blood, percentage of granulocytes ( r=0.643) and erythrocytes ( r=0.622) in bone marrow of SAA patients (all P<0.05). Expression of SLAMF6 was negatively correlated with perforin ( r=-0.792) and granzyme B ( r=-0.908) on CD8 +T cells in patients with SAA (both P<0.001). (2) After treatment: the expression of SLAMF6 in peripheral blood CD8 +T cells of 30 surviving patients was higher than pre-treatment ([79.19±12.69]% vs [56.40±6.37]%, P<0.001). The expressions of perforin and granzyme B were lower than pre-treatment level (both P<0.05). The expression of SLAMF6 on CD8 +T cells in 11 transplanted patients was higher than before transplantation ([86.54±3.75]% vs [56.40±7.35]%, P<0.001). The expressions of perforin and granzyme B were lower than before transplantation (both P<0.05). The expression of SLAMF6 on CD8 +T cells in 12 IST-respond patients was higher than that before treatment, while the perforin and granzyme B levels were lower than pre-treatment (all P<0.05). The post-treatment expressions of SLAMF6, perforin and granzyme B were similar as before treatment levels in 7 IST-unrespond patients (all P>0.05). Conclusion:SLAMF6 is significantly down-regulated on CD8 +T cells in newly diagnosed SAA, negatively correlated with the effective factors of CD8 +T cells, which might participate in the immune regulatory of CD8 +T cells as a negative regulatory factor in patients with SAA. The SLAMF6 is significantly up-regulated after hematopoietic recovery, while there is no significant change in treatment-unrespond patients, which could thus serve as an useful diagnostic and therapeutic index of patients with SAA.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883046

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the perioperative nursing experience of a patient with hemophilia arthritis complicated with hepatitis C undergoing unilateral hip and knee arthroplasty at the same time.Methods:In August 2018, a patient with hemophilic arthritis complicated with hepatitis C was admitted to the first hospital of Lanzhou University. Preparations for health education, functional exercises, examination and evaluation before operation was made. Unilateral hip and knee arthroplasty were performed at the same time, strengthen the management of incisions and catheters after the operation, actively prevent complications, and guide patients to perform functional rehabilitation exercises under the conditions of good pain management and safe coagulation factor activity; pay attention to the nursing of coagulation factor replacement treatment in the whole perioperative period.Results:After careful nursing, no serious complications occurred during the patient's hospitalization, and the position and force line of the prosthesis were satisfactory by imaging examination before discharge.Conclusion:The perioperative care of this patient proved that the above-mentioned nursing measures are effective for hemophilic arthritis patients with hepatitis C undergoing unilateral hip and knee arthroplasty at the same time.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870677

ABSTRACT

A survey on clinical skill application and training needs of general practitioners (GPs) was conducted in the community health service centers of Shanghai Changning District from March to May 2019. The heads of the medical/prevention departments of 10 community health service centers (CHS) in Changning District were invited to evaluate the application frequency of clinical skills and training needs of GPs. According to Residency Training Standards for General Practitioners (trial), Training Standards for Assistant General Practitioners (trial), Training Program for General Practitioners in Primary Medical and Health Institutions (trial), 369 clinical skills for general practitioners were included for evaluation. The application frequency of above 369 clinical skills among 198 general practitioners were evaluated and training needs were also assessed. The overall application frequency score of GPs for 369 clinical skills was 1.00 (0.30, 1.70) points, and the training needs score was 1.40 (1.10, 1.70) points. The application frequency of different clinical skills was positively correlated with training needs ( r=0.462, P<0.01). And the four-quadrant analysis results show that among the 369 clinical practice skills, 116 (31.4%) items were used by GPs with high frequency and high training needs, and 80 (21.7%) items were used with low frequency but high training needs. There were 45 (12.2%) items with high application frequency but low training needs, and 128 (34.7%) items with low application frequency and low training needs. The survey indicates that the training of clinical skills listed in the three major training standards or outlines should be strengthened in continuing education for general practitioners, and the practice skills with high application frequency and high training needs should be focused in training program to improve the quality, effectiveness and efficiency of training.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863982

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) has become the most severe public health issue at the moment, threatening people′s lives.Pediatricians in Shanghai have recently launched a discussion on the focused questions of NCP, including the incidence situation, epidemiological features, essentials of early screening, treatment and nosocomial infection prevention of children′s novel coronavirus infection (2019-nCoV), and further put forward the experts proposal upon the patterns of disease occurrence, development, diagnosis and control, for the reference of frontline pediatricians.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 138-142, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799582

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To reveal the related factors of inhibitors and differences ofhemorrhage and joint disease before and after the production of inhibitors in children with hemophilia A (HA) .@*Methods@#Retrospective analyses of the clinical data of 381 children with HA under the age of 16 registered in the Registration Management Center of Hemophilia in Henan Provincial from January 2015 to August 2018.@*Results@#A total of the 381 children were enrolled with 116 (30.4%) mild, 196 (51.4%) moderate, and 69 (18.1%) severe cases; 54 patients (14.2%) had inhibitors, including 22 high and 32 low titer inhibitors. Positive family history was positively associated with inhibitors[P<0.001, OR=3.299 (95%CI 1.743-5.983) ], and high-intensity exposure was associated with inhibitors[P=0.002, OR=2.587 (95%CI 1.414-4.731) ]. High-intensity exposure was associated with high titer inhibitor production[P=0.001, OR=8.689 (95%CI 2.464-30.638) ], and high-intensity exposure increased the risk of high titer inhibitors in HA patients. After inhibitors occurred in 54 patients with HA, the rates of overall joint annual bleeding (z=-3.440, P=0.001) and traumatic annual bleeding (z=-2.232, P=0.026) increased, but the rates of the annual joint bleeding (z=-1.342, P=0.180) and spontaneous annual bleeding (z=-1.414, P=0.157) remained to be not statistically significant. The joint ultrasound score did not change significantly after the inhibitor information (z=-0.632, P=0.527) .@*Conclusions@#Positive family history and high-intensity exposure could increase the risk of F Ⅷ inhibitors in HA patients, and high-intensity exposure increased the risk of high titer inhibitors. The rates of the overall joint annual bleeding and traumatic annual bleeding increased after the inhibitor information.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811585

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) has become the most severe public health issue at the moment, threatening people′s lives. Pediatricians in Shanghai have recently launched a discussion on the focused questions of NCP, including the incidence situation, epidemiological features, essentials of early screening, treatment and nosocomial infection prevention of children′s novel coronavirus infection (2019-nCoV), and further put forward the experts proposal upon the patterns of disease occurrence, development, diagnosis and control, for the reference of frontline pediatricians.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744146

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of orthopedic clinical practice teaching design based on WeChat platform.Methods From September 2015 to August 2017,62 undergraduate students majoring in clinical medicine in the department of orthopedics of our hospital were selected as the study subjects,and randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group.With 31 interns in each group,the control group implemented the traditional teaching method according to the requirements of the syllabus.The experimental group was attached to WeChat production,push notification and communication of related courses on the basis of the traditional teaching methods.At the end of the teaching,the theoretical and operational tests,the comprehensive quality assessment,the evaluation for teachers' teaching work and the questionnaire survey of the two groups were administrated to evaluate the teaching effect.SAS 9.0 was used to do t-test and CMH-chi-square test.Results The score of the experimental group in the theoretical test [(87.52 ± 5.45) vs.(82.61 ± 7.70)],operational test [(94.36 ± 2.60) vs.(92.26 ± 3.01)],comprehensive quality assessment [(95.94 ± 1.61) vs.(93.42 ± 2.81)] and the evaluation for teachers' teaching work [(94.58 ± 2.06) vs.(92.55 ± 1.69)] were better than those of control group,and there were statistically significant differences.P values were 0.005,0.005,0.000 and 0.000 respectively.The questionnaire survey results show that the experimental group was better than the control group in learning motivation (P=0.035),literature study (P=0.013),curriculum arrangement (P=0.007),teaching satisfaction (P=0.029) and professional recognition (P=0.040).Conclusions The clinical practice teaching method based on WeChat platform is effective and feasible to the orthopedic medical students,which is helpful to improve students' learning initiative and master effective learning strategies.The application is worth promoting.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 40-45, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810393

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the percentage of myeloperoxidase (MPO)-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blast cells, and to explore the correlation of MPO expression with the clinical features, gene alterations, therapeutic response and prognosis of AML.@*Methods@#The expressions of MPO in BM blasts cells of 233 newly diagnosed AML were retrospectived analyzed, they were divided into two groups using the percentage of MPO-positive blast [low (≤70%) and high (>70%)], clinical features, gene alterations, chemotherapy efficacy and prognosis were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#①Of the 233 patients, 121(51.9%) were in the low MPO group, and the rest 112(48.1%) in the high MPO group. Favorable-risk group according NCCN guidelines of AML was always MPO-high (χ2=32.773, P<0.001), while MPO-low was closely related to poor-risk (χ2=7.078, P=0.008); ②DNMT3A mutation (χ2=6.905, P=0.009), spliceosome genes mutation (SF3B1/SRSF2/U2AF1) (χ2=5.246, P=0.022), RUNX1 mutation (χ2=4.577, P=0.032), ASXL1 mutation (χ2=7.951, P=0.005) and TP53 mutation (P=0.004) were more likely to be seen in the low MPO group, while C-KIT mutation (χ2=8.936, P=0.003) and CEBPA mutation (χ2=12.340, P<0.001) were more frequent in the high MPO group, especially CEBPA double mutation; ③The rates of first complete remission in the low MPO group were significantly lower than that in the high MPO group (38.8% vs 68.1%, χ2=15.197, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that low MPO positivity significantly affected the CR1 unfavourably. ④The overall survival (OS) and the progression-free survival (PFS) were significantly worse in the low MPO group (18.0% vs 89.4% for OS, and 11.5% vs 56.7% for PFS, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis disclosed that the low number of MPO was significantly unfavourable prognostic factor. ⑤The low MPO group still showed a worse survival even when restricted to the patients with normal karyotype, the OS and the PFS were 31.1% and 18.8% respectively.@*Conclusions@#AML with different MPO expression percentage had a unique gene mutation spectrum. Low expression of MPO was an independent risk factor for CR1, OS and PFS in AML patients, which may be a simple and highly significant factor for AML patients when evaluating the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 775-779, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809338

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore clinical features of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome combined with pulmonary embolism.@*Method@#A retrospective analysis of a patient with idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome and pulmonary embolism diagnosed and treated in the Respiratory Department of Shanghai Children′s Hospital in September 2016 was performed. A literature search was performed with"Eosinophils increased, thrombosis"as the Chinese keywords in Wanfang database and"idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome, deep vein thrombosis"as the English key words in PubMed database. The time interval was from April 1985 to March 2017.@*Result@#The patient was 11-year-old with fever and cough. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed pulmonary embolism, inferior vena cava thrombosis. Ultrasound examination of the left leg demonstrated venous thrombosis. Complete blood count showed eosinophilia and thrombocytopenia. Literature found 30 articles, including eighteen case reports, twelve reviews and other types of articles. A total of 23 cases were reported, only three were pediatric cases. According to the literature that eosinophilia can damage the vascular epithelium, leading to multiple arterial and venous thromboses, anticoagulation and glucocorticoid treatments are effective.@*Conclusion@#The diagnosis of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome is complicated. It may cause multiple thromboses. Anticoagulation and glucocorticoids can reduce eosinophil count and decrease its toxins which can injure vascular endothelium. The effectiveness of preventative anticoagulant therapy is unclear and requires further clinical study.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485861

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the underlying mechanism of mites-induced pediatric asthma by bioinformatic analysis on speciifc microRNA (miRNA) array and target gene screening. Methods This is a case control study of 62 pairs of dust mites-induced asthma children with age and gender matched healthy controls. Twelve pairs were randomly selected for miRNA array. The abnormal expression of miRNAs was compared between asthma and control children. The results were validated by RT-qPCR and bioinformatic analysis in remaining pairs of children. Results Six miRNAs (miRNA-151a-5p, 625-5p, 126-3p, 513a-5p, 27b-3p, 22-3p) were signiifcantly down-regulated more than two folds in dust mites-induced asthma children than those in controls. The enriched bioinformatics analysis showed that these miRNAs and their target genes CBL, PPARGC1B, ESR1, ONECUT2, EGFR, SYK, and STAT1 were related to inlfammatory cytokine signaling pathway. Conclusion It is suggested that miR-22-3p, 513a-5p, 625-5p, 27b-3p, and miRNA-target genes form a network through co-regulation to target genes to participate dust mites-induced asthma in children.

11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1764-1772, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337459

ABSTRACT

In recent years, Hepatitis B virus (HBV) persistent infection mouse model with recombinant adeno-associated virus 8 carrying 1.3 copies of HBV genome (rAAV8-1.3HBV) is concerned. We studied and compared the efficacy among HBV persistent infection mice models by other serotypes except AAV8. First, we prepared and purified five viruses: rAAV1-1.3HBV, rAAV2-1.3HBV, rAAV5-1.3HBV, rAAV8-1.3HBV and rAAV9-1.3HBV. Then we injected each virus into 3 C57BL/6J mice with the dose of lx 1011 vg (Viral genome, vg) per mouse. We detected HBsAg and HBeAg in sera by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) at different time points post injection. We killed mice 8 weeks post injection and took blood and livers for assay. We detected copies of HBV DNA by real-time quantitative PCR in sera and livers. Meantime, we detected HBcAg in the livers of mice by immunohistochemistry and further performed pathology analysis of these livers. The five groups of mice, HBeAg and HBsAg expression sustained 8 weeks in serological detection and HBV DNA was both detected in sera and livers at the time of 8 weeks post injection. HBeAg, HBsAg, HBV DNA copies expression levels in descending order were AAV8>AAV9>AAV1>AAV5>AAV2. HBcAg expression was detected in livers as well. Varied degrees of liver damage were shown in five groups of mice. This study provides more alternative AAV vector species to establish a persistent infection with hepatitis B model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dependovirus , Classification , Disease Models, Animal , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Genetic Vectors , Genome, Viral , Hepatitis B , Virology , Hepatitis B Core Antigens , Metabolism , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Serogroup , Virus Replication
12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2134-2136, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452626

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between serum cytokines and the depression degree in the patients with colorec-tal cancer.Methods 9 6 cases of colorectal cancer were selected and divided into 2 groups according to the patients health question-naire(PHQ-9):the depression group (52 cases)and the non-depression group (44 cases),and 40 healthy cases were recruited as the control.Serum interleukin-2 (IL-2),soluble interleukin-2 receptor (SIL-2R)and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELSIA).The detection results were compared among various groups.And the correlation be-tween the expression of various cytokines and the depression degree was analyzed by the Pearson′s correlation coefficient.Results The levels of IL-2,SIL-2R and TNF-αhad statistical differences among 3 groups (P0.05),but which in these two groups was higher than that in healthy group (P<0.05);the IL-2 level in the depression group was significantly lower than that in the non-depression group(P<0.05);the SIL-2 R level in the depression group was obviously higher than that in the non-depression group (P<0.05), moreover,which in these two groups was higher than that in the healthy group (P<0.05).By correlation analysis,the depression degree in the patients with colorectal cancer was negatively correlated with the IL-2 level (r=-0.259,P<0.05)and positively correlated with the SIL-2R level(r=0.412,P<0.05).Conclusion The levels of IL-2 and SIL-2R have certain correlation with the depression degree in the patients with colorectal cancer,it is speculated that the above cytokines may play a mediating role in the pathogenesis process of depression in the colorectal cancer patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485241

ABSTRACT

Objective To obtain the Hiwi gene encoding full-length and construct human Hiwi adenoviral vectors carrying green luorescence protein (GFP), and to establish foundation for a further study on Hiwi function and mechanism of inducing leukemia stem cell differentiation and apoptosis.Methods All coding areas of human Hiwi gene full length were amplified using method of overlapping extension PCR technology, and the full length coding aeras were inserted into the vector of Flag-IRES-hrGFP carrying GFP with Gateway technology to construct pDown-Hiwi-3 × flag-IRES-hrGFP. The cloning vector pDown-Hiwi-3 × flag-IRES-hrGFP and expression vector pAV. Des1d were used for homologous recombination reaction to obtain recombinant adenovirus vector pAV.Ex1d-Hiwi-3× flag-IRES-hrGFP.The positive clones were selected by PCR to extract the recombinant adenovirus plasmid and to pack into recombinant Ad-Hiwi-3 × flag-IRES-hrGFP adenovirus. Results The human recombinant Hiwi was successfully cloned and the recombinant adenovirus vector pAV.Ex1d-Hiwi-3×flag-IRES-hrGFP was found to be successfully constructed via restriction enzyme digestion and sequencing methods. The adenovirus vector pAV.Ex1d-Hiwi-3×flag-IRES-hrGFP was transfected into the HEK293A cells using lipofectamine mediated gene transfection method. Under fluorescence microscope, the transfected cells with green fluorescence could be observed.Conclusion The expression plasmid of adenovirus vector pAV.Ex1d-Hiwi-3 × flag-IRES-hrGFP is successfully constructed and it can express in HEK293A cells.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233266

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the anti-HBV effects of nucleotide analogues, Entecavir (ETV) and Lamivudine (LAM) targeting mouse model of HBV persistent infection with recombinant adeno-associated virus 8 carrying 1.3 copies of HBV genome (rAAV8-1.3HBV). Ninety percent (27 of 30 mice) of rAAVS-treated mice were chosen as mouse model. Four groups were orally administrated with different doses of ETV (1 mg/(kgd) or 0.1 mg/(kgd)) and LAM (500 mg/(kgd) or 100 mg/(kgd)) once a day for 10 days. The other two groups were set as normal saline treated and untreated control. We detected the levels of HBV DNA, HBeAg and HBsAg in sera at different time. Results indicate that HBV DNA level decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in drug-treated groups compared with normal saline group after drug administration. Fifteen days after the drug withdrawal, HBV DNA level rebounded back obviously (P < 0.05) in groups with low doses of ETV and LAM. However, there was no apparent change of HBeAg and HBsAg in the whole process among all groups. These results showed that our model could reflect the anti-viral effect of nucleotide analogues. This model can be a useful and convenient tool for anti-HBV drug discovery.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Dependovirus , Genetics , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Genetic Vectors , Genome, Viral , Guanine , Pharmacology , Hepatitis B Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Physiology , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Virology , Lamivudine , Pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Nucleotides , Pharmacology , Transduction, Genetic , Virus Replication
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1016-1026, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242504

ABSTRACT

Activities of 58 miRNAs for BHK21, HEK293, and Vero cell lines were screened using the high-throughput miRNA activity profiling method. miR-206 activity was found specifically high in BHK21. Considering miR-206 was recognized as a muscle-specific miRNA, we further detected the expression and activity level of miR-206 in BHK21 cells, with myoblast cells C2C12 as positive control and HEK293 cells as negative control. Then, we induced BHK21 by culturing with medium containing 2% horse serum (HS) and tested expression level of slow skeletal myosin heavy chain (MHC), activity and expression levels of miR-206, and expression level of Connexin43 (Cx43) which was reported negatively regulated by miR-206. Results demonstrated that activity and expression levels of miR-206 were both higher in BHK21 cells than in C2C12 cells. After induction of HS, MHC expression level was increased in BHK21 cells. The activity and expression levels of miR-206 were further enhanced. The Cx43 expression level was decreased. These results suggested that BHK21 had the characters of myoblast cells. In conclusion, we firstly discovered that miR-206 activity was specifically high in BHK21 cells, suggesting that BHK21 cells were derived from interstitial cells other than parenchyma cells of kidney from miRNA point of view. Our study also indicated that BHK21 cells were able to be used as models in vitro for research of miR-206 function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Chlorocebus aethiops , Connexin 43 , Metabolism , Cricetinae , Gene Expression Regulation , HEK293 Cells , Humans , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism , Vero Cells
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1236-1244, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342401

ABSTRACT

To establish an orthotopic transplant mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) labeled with secretary luciferase and to study its response to anti-tumor treatment with interferon-beta gene therapy. We labeled the murine hepatoma Hepal-6 cells with secretary Gaussia princeps luciferase (Gluc), and then injected Gluc labeled Hepal-6 cells intrasplenically in C57BL/6 mice. We monitored blood Glue to evaluate the tumor development and anti-tumor effects of hydrodynamic injection with interferon-beta expressing plasmid. We successfully established the orthotopic mouse model of HCC by intrasplenic injection of Glue labeled Hepal-6 cells. The Glue blood assay could reflect the amount of cancer cells in vivo, tumor progression, as well as anti-tumor effect of interferon-beta gene therapy. In conclusion, Gluc labeled orthotopic transplant mouse model of HCC can ex vivo real-time monitor the tumor development and tumor response to treatments.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Pathology , Therapeutics , Cell Line, Tumor , Genes, Reporter , Genetic Therapy , Interferon-beta , Genetics , Therapeutic Uses , Liver Neoplasms , Pathology , Therapeutics , Luciferases , Blood , Genetics , Bodily Secretions , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neoplasm Transplantation , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420371

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the efficacy and safety of different initial doses of nebulized budesonide inhalation (BI) in infants and young children with moderate to severe asthma exacerbations.Methods A multi-center,parallel controlled clinical trial was performed during Sep 2008 to Apr 2010 in three hospitals,which were Department of Pediatrics,Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Shanghai First People's Hospital,Department of Pediatrics,Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine Affiliated Xinhua Hospital,and Department of Respiratory,Fudan University Affiliated Children's Hospital.One hundred and fifty children aged 6 to 36 month with moderate to severe asthma exacerbations were randomly divided into two groups.The high-starting-dose group was treated with a dose of 1 mg nebulized BI every 8 h for 2 days,while the conventional-starting-dose group was treated with a dose of 0.5 mg cvcry 8 h for 4 days.The terbutaline sulfate aerosol liquid was administered with a dose of 2.5 mg each time as needed.The primary outcome measures were severity scores,which were assessed at admission (0 h),and 8 h,16 h,24 h,48 h,72 h after treatment separately.The secondary outcome measures included the use of β2 receptor agonist,the systemic use of corticosteroids,average length of hospital stay and total cost.The data was analyzed with SPSS 13.0.Results (1) The clinical severity scores were significantly decreased at all time points after treatment in both groups (P < 0.05).Compared with conventional starting-dose of BI,high starting-dose of 3.25 ± 1.82,P < 0.01).(2) The terbutaline doses and the systemic corticosteroids do-ses were significantly reduced in high-starting-dose group compared with conventional-starting-dose group [(16.27 ± 12.99) mg vs (22.90 ± 18.27) mg,P < 0.05 ; (4.54 ± 18.18) mg vs (11.16 ± 21.34) mg,P < 0.05).The average length of hospital stay and the total cost of the two groups showed no significant differences (P > 0.05).(3) There were no side effects associated with BI.Conclusion Compared with conventional treatment,high-starting-dose of BI can control symptoms fast and reduce the use of systemic corticosteroid without any side effects.BI improved symptoms more quickly at 8 h (2.87 ± 1.60 vs 4.48 ± 2.24,P < 0.01) and 16 h (2.48 ± 1.56 vs

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472588

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the ultrasonic features of phyllodes tumors of the breast (PTB) with different pathologic types.MethodsTwo-dimensional ultrasound and CDFI were performed in 16 patients with pathologically proved PTB,and the ultrasonic characteristics of different pathologic types PTB were reviewed retrospectively.ResultsAccording to WHO criteria,there were 12 benign PTB,2 borderline and 2 malignant PTB.Associated breast fibroadenoma was detected in 7 patients,including 6 benign and 1 borderline PTB.All of 16 PTB had clear boundary.Benign PTB had regular or irregular shapes,homogeneous or unhomogeneous internal echo and posterior acoustic enhancement in a few cases.Most borderline and malignant PTB showed regular or irregular shapes,mixed cystic and solid internal echo or irregular internal echo,as well as posterior acoustic enhancement.No calcification of PTB was found in all 16 patients.Conclusion The ultrasonograghic features of PTB with different pathologic types are characteristic to some extent,therefore being helpful to the differential diagnosis of PTB.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635073

ABSTRACT

This study examined the relationship between PDGF-induced proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and Nur77 expression and the effect of atorvastatin on VSMC proliferation and Nur77 in PDGF-treated VSMCs. Rat VSMCs were isolated and cultured. After incubation with atorvastatin or Nur77 siRNA, the cells were stimulated with PDGF and detected for BrdU incorporation to measure the proliferation of the VSMCs. Quantitative PCR and Western blotting were used to determine the Nur77 protein and the CREB phosphorylation level, to observe their relations with PDGF-induced VSMC proliferation. Our results showed that PDGF increased the BrdU incorporation in VSMCs, suggesting that it induced the proliferation of the cells. The VSMC proliferation was associated with increased Nur77 expression and elevated CREB phosphorylation. Atorvastatin inhibited the PDGF-induced VSMC proliferation, suppressed Nur77 expression. After silencing of Nur77 gene, the PDGF-induced VSMC proliferation was decreased. It was concluded that PDGF-induced VSMC proliferation was related to the Nur77 expression and CREB phosphorylation. Atorvastatin reduced the Nur77 expression and, at the same time, inhibited the VSMC proliferation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419626

ABSTRACT

Objective To set up a scientific, objective, reasonable, qualitative and quantitative,operational evaluation index system of clinical science and technology achievements, which provides the reference to evaluating clinieal science and technology achievements scientifieally. Methods The Delphi method was used to investigate 30 experts for weight of the index via questionnaire. Results The response rate was 100%. The Kendall's concordance coefficient was up to 0. 963. The final index system includes three first-class indicators, eight second-class indicators and 18 third-class indicators. The weight coefficeient of each class was identified. Conclusion The experts showed enthusiasm for this investigation. The agreement of respondents was high after two rounds of investigation. The index system can be used in comprehensive evaluation for science and technology achievements in clinical medicine. The index system takes a guiding effect for science and technology achievements to solve clinical services and problems.

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