Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 61
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909540

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences between impaired perspective-taking and executive function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD).Methods:From January 2019 to December 2020, according to DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, thirty-two cases of ADHD children aged 6 to 16(ADHD group) and twenty-six cases of typical development children and adolescents matched with age and intelligence (TD Group) were included. The response time and accuracy rate in dilemma stage and probe stage to self-oriented, maternal perspective-taking and other perspective-taking were measured using perspective-shifting task, and the executive function was evaluated by the behavior rating inventory of executive function (BRIEF). Repeated measurement analysis of variance was used to compare the difference of response time and accuracy rate between the two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was used to explore the correlation between the perspective-taking behavior characteristics and the BRIEF total score and subscale scores of ADHD group.Results:The total score and subscale scores of BRIEF scale in ADHD group were significantly higher than those in TD group (all P<0.01). The interaction between group and task type was significant during the task dilemma stage of perspective-shifting task ( F(2, 106)=4.365, P<0.05). Simple effect analysis showed that in other-perspective-taking task, the response time of ADHD group ((2 305.48±464.27)ms) was significantly longer than that of TD group ((1 971.13±462.95)ms) and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.870, P<0.01). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the response time of ADHD group to other perspective-taking in dilemma stage was positively correlated with working memory, organization and inhibition index in EF ( r=0.401, 0.432, 0.342, all P<0.01). Conclusion:The ability of the perspective taking is closely related to impaired executive function, which seem to share a common neuropsychological basis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908068

ABSTRACT

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition of severe neurodevelopmental disorders that develops in early childhood.Early identification and intervention are recognized as effective strategies for ASD.ASD siblings are the high-risk population of ASD.A cohort study of ASD siblings after birth and construction of a multi-center data sharing mechanism are effective ways to find behavioral and biological markers related to early diagnosis of ASD.This study reviews the early behavior and brain imaging findings of ASD siblings at home and abroad in prospective cohorts, thus exploring the potential value of brain imaging techniques in the early identification and diagnosis of ASD.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907998

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the diagnosis and treatment process, treatment methods and clinical efficacy of children with refractory Tourette′s syndrome (TS), thus providing a basis for comprehensive prevention and treatment of refractory TS.Methods:A total of 90 children with refractory TS treated in the Child Mental Health Research Center of Nanjing Brain Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from May 2012 to July 2019 were recruited.Their baseline characteristics, diagnosis of comorbidities before and after hospitalization, combined non-drug therapy during hospitalization, the drug types used before and after admission, the dosages of main anti-tic drugs used before admission and at discharge, and the treatment outcomes of comorbidities after admission were retrospectively analyzed.The Yale global tic severity scales (YGTSS) scores and the reduction rate were used to assess the severity of tic disorder and therapeutic effect, and the clinical global impression-efficacy index (CGI-EI) scores were graded for assessing the final therapeutic efficacy.Results:Among the 90 children with refractory TS, 82 children were males and 8 children were females.There was a significant difference in the YGTSS scores at admission and discharge (25.04±12.77 vs.67.64±12.46) ( t=27.55, P<0.05). The proportion of all recruited children diagnosed with comorbidities at discharge was significantly higher than that of admission (85.56% vs.47.78%, χ2=28.90, P<0.05). Combined non-drug therapies after admission mainly included psycho-education and supportive therapy (90 cases), comprehensive behavioral intervention for tics (47 cases) and relaxation therapy (19 cases). The distribution of drugs used before and after admission was the same, and there was no significant difference in the dosages of the five major anti-tic drugs before admission and at discharge (all P>0.05). There were no significant differences in YGTSS scores and reduction rate, and CGI-EI scores of children with or without comorbidities before and after admission (all P>0.05), suggesting the similar therapeutic outcomes. Conclusions:There is no difference in efficacy between outpatient treatment and anti-tic medication of children with refractory TS, and a comprehensive hospitalized intervention can significantly improve their clinical symptoms.Diagnosis and treatment of comorbidities and combined non-drug treatments like comprehensive psychological and behavioral interventions are the key events to improve the prognosis of children with refractory TS.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out multipath cytogenetic analysis of a rare case of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with 11q23 aberration and D13S319 deletion.@*METHODS@#G+R banding technique was used to analyze the chromosomal karyotype of the patient after 24 h of cell culture. Combined interphase and metaphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to detect specific chromosomal sites for complex translocations and minor missing fragments.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to harbor MLL-AF10 fusion gene due to rearrangement of the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene in conjunct with deletion of the D13S319 locus on chromosome 13.@*CONCLUSION@#Whether MLL gene rearrangement and absence of D13S319 locus has a double impact on AML should attract more attention. For AML patient with clonal abnormalities such as 13q-, del(13)(q14), -13 or der(13), FISH assay should be proof and considered to determine the size of missing fragment so as targeted therapy may be implemented.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Genetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Interphase , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Metaphase , Translocation, Genetic
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867034

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the significance of empathy and executive function indexes in the diagnosis and classification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Methods:According to DSM-Ⅴ diagnostic criteria, 33 children with ASD, 30 children with ADHD and 39 typical development (TD) children and adolescents were enrolled as the research subjects.The empathy and executive function characteristics were compared and analyzed in the subjects.Based on empathy and executive function indicators, the three groups of subjects were diagnosed and classified by machine learning method.Results:The total score of Griffith empathy measure parent ratings(GEM-PR)(ASD: (0.67±0.64), ADHD: (1.00±0.79), TD: (0.98±0.73)) and each factor score ( F=3.595-10.363, all P<0.05) and the total score of behavior rating inventory of executive function(BRIEF)(ASD: (62.79±7.45), ADHD: (59.47±8.77), TD: (49.08±7.91)) and each factor score of the three groups were different ( F=6.557-33.205, all P<0.01). Among them, the scores of empathy and executive function in ASD and ADHD groups were generally higher than those in TD children (all P<0.05). When combined with BRIEF scale and GEM scale, the classification accuracy of the three groups reached 62.75%. Conclusion:Both ASD and ADHD children have damages in empathy and executive function.Combining empathy and executive function indexes are more helpful for diagnosis and classification than single index.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798655

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To carry out multipath cytogenetic analysis of a rare case of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with 11q23 aberration and D13S319 deletion.@*Methods@#G+ R banding technique was used to analyze the chromosomal karyotype of the patient after 24 h of cell culture. Combined interphase and metaphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to detect specific chromosomal sites for complex translocations and minor missing fragments.@*Results@#The patient was found to harbor MLL-AF10 fusion gene due to rearrangement of the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene in conjunct with deletion of the D13S319 locus on chromosome 13.@*Conclusion@#Whether MLL gene rearrangement and absence of D13S319 locus has a double impact on AML should attract more attention. For AML patient with clonal abnormalities such as 13q-, del (13)(q14), -13 or der (13), FISH assay should be proof and considered to determine the size of missing fragment so as targeted therapy may be implemented.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 272-275, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746409

ABSTRACT

B7-H6 has been discovered as a new member of the B7 family in recent years, it can specifically bind to the NKp30, an activated receptor of natural killer (NK) cells to mediate NK cells' tumor immunity killing effect. B7-H6 expression is upregulated in a wide variety of malignant tumor cells, but expression deficiency in normal tissue is detected. The intrinsic mechanism of B7-H6 regulation has been explored, and the treatment targeting B7-H6 has achieved a good effect in animal experiments, which shows a wide prospect of clinical application. This paper summarizes the latest progress of B7-H6 molecule in malignant tumors.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743521

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare and analyze the short-term effect of play-based communication and behavior intervention (PCBI) and applied behavioral analysis (ABA) on the treatment of toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Methods Seventy-four ASD toddlers aged from 19 to 30 months were recruited in Nanjing Brain Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from November 2017 to May 2018.The toddlers who participated in this study were randomly assigned into PCBI group and ABA group,then they were intervened weekly by PCBI or ABA for a total of 12 weeks.Portage Early Development Checklist and autism treatment evaluation checklist (ATEC) were used to estimate the toddlers' developmental level and the treatment efficacy respectively.The t-test was used to reveal whether there was significant difference between the 2 groups before and after intervention.Results (1) Compared with the ABA group,there was a significant increase in cognitive scores (△PCBI =9.03 scores,△ABA =4.27 scores,t =3.997) and a significant decrease in social behavior scores (△PCBI =8.87 scores,△ABA =16.91 scores,t =-4.022) of the Portage Early Development Checklist after 12 weeks of intervention in the PCBI group,and there were statistically significant differences(all P < 0.001);while the total score and the scores of language,movement,and self-care subscale of Portage Early Development Checklist were also increased after PCBI intervention but without significant differences (all P > 0.05).(2)Compared with the ABA group,after 12 weeks of PC BI intervention,the scores of social contact,perception,behavior of ATEC were decreased,but the difference was not significant (P > 0.05);the total score of ATEC scale(△PCBI total =14.89 scores,△ABA total =22.22 scores,t =2.209)and the scores of language subscale(△PCBI language =2.89 scores,△ ABA language =6.43 scores,t =2.515) were decreased significantly,and there were statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05).Conclusions After 12 weeks of the very early intervention of PCBI,the ASD toddlers all improved in clinical symptoms and developmental level.Compared with ABA intervention,PCBI very early intervention with parental guidance was comparable in short term efficacy,and PCBI was not taking up as much medical rehabilitation resources as ABA.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752296

ABSTRACT

Objective Children with autism spectrum disorder(ASD) who participated in the " Play-based Communication and Behavior Intervention(PCBI) " were studied in order to evaluate the impact of caregiver factors on the efficacy of the PCBI very early intervention model systematically.Methods Seventy-six children with ASD aged 8-30 months were recruited in this study at Brain Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University form December 2017 to June 2018,and they were trained for PCBI very early intervention.The Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) and the Gesell Developmental Schedules were used to evaluate the efficacy of the PCBI very early intervention.Parenting Stress Index Short Form,General Self-Efficacy Scale and the self-developed Caregiver Training Course Evaluation Scale and the Homework Completion Level Scale were used to assess the level of parental stress,self-efficacy,curriculum satisfaction and acceptance.A pair of sample t-test was used to analyze the ASD symptoms,developmental level and caregiver factors of ASD children before and after intervention.Multivariate regression analysis was used to analyze the caregiver factors and the effects of PCBI very early intervention.Results (1) At the end of 12 weeks of PCBI very early intervention,the score of the ATEC (17.36 ± 15.98) was lower than that before intervention (78.43± 22.84),and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05);the adaptive developmental quotient (5.90 ± 15.45),the fine action developmental quotient (5.13 ± 19.89),the language developmental quotient (12.43 ± 20.60) and the personal social developmental quotient (4.79 ± 16.02) scores of the Gesell Developmental Schedules were higher than those before intervention (73.08 ± 20.54,77.33 ± 23.63,52.24 ± 19.12,71.79 ± 20.81),and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).(2) At the end of PCBI very early intervention,there was a significant decrease in the scores of Parenting Stress Index Short Form,and the differences were statistically significant (4.84 ± 14.69 vs.94.05 ± 29.67,P < 0.05).(3) Acceptance of the intervention model,and mastery of the skills in the caregiver factors had a positive predictive effect on the effect of PCBI very early intervention (t =3.068,10.468,all P < 0.05).Conclusions PCBI very early intervention can effectively reduce the parenting pressure of the caregivers,and in the PCBI very early intervention,the better the mastery of skills and the completion of homework,the better the efficacy of intervention.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796576

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Children with autism spectrum disorder(ASD) who participated in the " Play-based Communication and Behavior Intervention(PCBI)" were studied in order to evaluate the impact of caregiver factors on the efficacy of the PCBI very early intervention model systematically.@*Methods@#Seventy-six children with ASD aged 8-30 months were recruited in this study at Brain Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University form December 2017 to June 2018, and they were trained for PCBI very early intervention.The Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) and the Gesell Developmental Schedules were used to evaluate the efficacy of the PCBI very early intervention.Parenting Stress Index Short Form, General Self-Efficacy Scale and the self-developed Caregiver Training Course Evaluation Scale and the Homework Completion Level Scale were used to assess the level of parental stress, self-efficacy, curriculum satisfaction and acceptance.A pair of sample t-test was used to analyze the ASD symptoms, developmental level and caregiver factors of ASD children before and after intervention.Multivariate regression analysis was used to analyze the caregiver factors and the effects of PCBI very early intervention.@*Results@#(1) At the end of 12 weeks of PCBI very early intervention, the score of the ATEC (17.36±15.98) was lower than that before intervention (78.43±22.84), and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05); the adaptive developmental quotient(5.90±15.45), the fine action developmental quotient(5.13±19.89), the language developmental quotient (12.43±20.60) and the personal social developmental quotient(4.79±16.02) scores of the Gesell Developmental Schedules were higher than those before intervention (73.08±20.54, 77.33±23.63, 52.24±19.12, 71.79±20.81), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). (2) At the end of PCBI very early intervention, there was a significant decrease in the scores of Parenting Stress Index Short Form, and the differences were statistically significant (4.84±14.69 vs.94.05±29.67, P<0.05). (3) Acceptance of the intervention model, and mastery of the skills in the caregiver factors had a positive predictive effect on the effect of PCBI very early intervention (t=3.068, 10.468, all P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#PCBI very early intervention can effectively reduce the parenting pressure of the caregivers, and in the PCBI very early intervention, the better the mastery of skills and the completion of homework, the better the efficacy of intervention.

11.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 37-42, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703977

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the distribution and related factors of aggressive behavior among school aged children in Nanjing.Methods:Totally 4678 primary school students in Nanjing were sampled by cluster random sampling in this study.The General questionnaire and Achenbach's child Behavior Checklist were used to investi gate the general situation and aggressive behavior.Results:The rate of aggressive behavior of school-age children in Nanjing was 3.6 % (167/4678).Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that democratic parenting style [other parenting styles (OR =1.94,95% CI =1.10-3.42),mixed parenting style(OR =1.96,95% CI =1.35-2.85)],and genetic screening before birth (OR =0.71,95% CI =0.52-0.99) were protective factors for children's aggressive behavior.The factor figures of aggressive behavior were positively correlated with that of oth er behavior problems in Pearson correlation analysis (r =0.52-0.80,Ps <0.01).Conclusion:About 3.6% of the school aged children in Nanjing have aggressive behavior.It is more likely to have aggressive behaviors for children who is in other parenting styles except the democratic style and never have the genetic screening before birth.And children who with aggressive behavior may co-occur with other behavior problems.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691603

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the efficacy of GDP regimen for treatment of relapsed and refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Methods The clinical data of 40 patients with relapsed and refractory NHL in the Third Hospital of Peking University from January 2009 to June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients underwent GDP regimen (gemcitabine, dexamethasone, cisplatin). The clinical features, laboratory data and survival status were analyzed. Results The overall response rate (ORR) of 40 patients was 67.5 % (27/40) with 27.5 % (11/40) complete remission (CR) rate and 40.0 %(16/40) partial remission rate. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 86.5 % and the OS rate of 5-year was 28.8 %. The ORR and 3-year OS rate in B-cell lymphoma and T-cell lymphoma were 69.6 % (16/23) vs. 52.9 % (9/17) (P=0.283), 90.9%vs. 80.7%(P=0.480). The CR rate in patients with gastrointestinal tract involvement was better than that in patients without gastrointestinal tract involvement (P= 0.049). Meanwhile, the patients with gastrointestinal tract involvement were superior in 3-year OS rate (89.3%vs. 76.2%, but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.237). The major side effect was hematological adverse reactions. The incidence of grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ neutropenia was 47.5 %, the rate of Ⅲ/Ⅳthrombocytopenia was 40.0%and the rate ofⅢ/Ⅳanemia was 17.5%. Non-hematological adverse reactions included mild nausea and vomiting. Conclusions GDP regimen is effective and well tolerated in relapsed and refractory NHL with better efficacy for gastrointestinal tract involvement NHL patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733348

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the developmental characteristics of white matter volume in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) children longitudinal.Methods From May 2011 to September 2014,37 ASD children (ASD group)and 27 developmental delays (DD) children (control group) were treated at the Child Mental Health Research Center,Nanjing Brian Hospital Affiliated of Nanjing Medical University,and the children whose age,gender and developmental quotient matched with the ASD children were scanned by structure magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) at the age of 2-3 years old and 4-5 years old respectively.Region of interest (ROI) technology was adopted to investigate the change of the cerebrum white and the sub-lobes structure white matter volume with time.Then the correlation between clinical symptoms and brain white matter volume changes was analyzed.Results Among the 2-3 years old,compared with the control group,the white matter volume of the total brain[(383 521.84 ±6 427.57) mm3 vs.(364 014.06 ±6 856.97) mm3],the left cerebral hemisphere [(191 609.35 ± 3 206.60) mm3 vs.(181 695.89 ± 3 389.54)mm3],temporal lobe [(41 860.49 ±816.38) mm3 vs.(39 444.18 ± 834.85) mm3] and the right temporal lobe [(21 312.79 ± 414.07) mm3 vs.(20 084.22 ± 412.13) mm3] were significantly larger in the ASD group,and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).With the analysis of covariance with age or the total brain volume as the covariate,the differences disappeared(all P > 0.05).Among the 4-5 years old,compared with the control group,the white matter volumes of the total brain[(417 651.42 ± 6 443.86) mm3 vs.(394 317.27 ± 6 404.86)mm3],left cerebral hemisphere [(208 714.16 ±3 214.61) mm3 vs.(197 192.82 ±3 262.02) mm3],right cerebral hemisphere [(208937.26±3242.09) mm3 vs.(7 124.45 ±3 193.13) mm3],frontal lobe [(107 107.46±1 681.99) mm3 vs.(100 326.19 ± 1 883.24) mm3],left frontal lobe [(54 569.63 ± 846.85) mm3 vs.(51 177.25 ±979.09) mm3],right frontal lobe [(52 537.83 ± 841.99) mm3 vs.(49 148.94 ±928.31) mm3],temporal lobe [(45 189.75 ± 833.29) mm3 vs.(42 487.73 ± 786.27) mm3],left temporal lobe [(22 204.21 ±411.77) mm3 vs.(20 922.90 ± 418.46) mm3],and right temporal lobe [(22 985.54 ± 426.93) mm3 vs.(21 564.83 ± 378.78) mm3]were significantly larger in the ASD group,and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).With the analysis of covariance with age as the covariate,the differences still existed (all P < 0.05).With the analysis of covariance with the total brain volume as the covariate,the differences disappeared (all P > 0.05).For longitudinal analysis,there was a significant difference in the white matter volume between the whole brain,left cerebral hemisphere,right cerebral hemisphere,frontal lobe,left frontal lobe,fight frontal lobe,temporal lobe,left temporal lobe,right temporal lobe and the differences were statistically significant (F =5.521,5.533,5.459,5.830,5.800,5.723,4.857,4.418,5.159,all P <0.05).There was a positive correlation between the changes of the volume of whole brain,the white matter volume in the whole brain,bilateral cerebral hemisphere,frontal lobe,parietal lobe,right parietal lobe and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (r =0.367,0.343,0.321,0.349,0.296,0.308,0.351,all P < 0.05).Conclusions Among the 2-3 years old,the white matter volume of the brain regions have been increased significantly in ASD.Among the 4-5 years old,the increase of the white matter volume of the brain regions implicated more widely which mainly concentrated in the frontal and temporal lobe in ASD.The severity of the clinical symptoms of ASD may be associated with the white matter volume of the total brain,bilateral cerebral hemisphere,frontal lobe,parietal lobe and right parietal lobe.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813217

ABSTRACT

To determine clinical and pathologic profiles for anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL).
 Methods: The clinical data of 22 patients with ALCL were analyzed retrospectively. Therapentie effect of different treatment strategies on ALCL was evaluated.
 Results: The median age for these patients was 32(9-70) years old and the patients with positive ALK accounted for 68.2% (15/22). All patients underwent chemotherapy, including regiments of CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone), CHOPE (CHOP plus etoposide) or BEACOP (CHOP plus etoposide and bleomycin). Fourteen (63.6%) patients achieved initial complete remission (CR) and the CR rate for patients with ALK+ was significantly higher than that of patients with ALK- (P0.05). After a median follow-up of 41 (2-150) months, 12 patients were overall survival, the median progression free time was 22.5 (2-150) months, and the age, gender, stage, IPI index, ALK expression level, beta 2-MG level, LDH level, and B symptoms had no significant effect on the rate of overall survival (P>0.05).
 Conclusion: ALK-positive occurs mainly in ALCL patients. The chemotherapy is still the main treatment, and CHOPE regimen is a better initial treatment scheme because the most patients show good prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Alkaline Phosphatase , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Bleomycin , Child , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Etoposide , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Male , Middle Aged , Prednisone , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sex Factors , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611158

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficiency of amifostine in protecting against oral and gastrointestinal mucositis in hematologic malignancies patients with high-dose total body irradiation following the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation,and assess the hematologic recovery as well as the potential side effect of amifostine.Methods Thirty-two hematologic malignancies patients underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in our institution from 2012 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.All of them were treated with total body irradiation (700-1 200 cGy) and high-dose chemotherapy,in which 14 patients received 400 mg amifostine before radiotherapy.Prior institutional experience in 18 patients treated without amifostine was used as a historical comparison (no-amifostine group).Results Severe oral mucositis occurred in 14.3% of patients in the amifostine group while 77.2% in the no-amifostine group (x2 =10.62,P <0.05).Total parenteral nutrition was used in 21.4% of amifostine group and 38.8% in noamifostine group (P > 0.05).The rates of grade 2 and 3 gastrointestinal mucositis were 35.7% and 61.5% in amifostine group,while in no-amifostine group the rates were 33.3% and 66.7%,respectively (P > 0.05).No significant difference was found in engraftnent times of granulocyte and platelet.No amifostine related side effects were observed.Conclusions The combination of amifostine and total body irradiation conditioning therapy during hematologic stem cell transplantation might reduce the severity of oral mucositis.The utilize of amifostine has no obvious effect on hematopoietic recovery and can be well tolerated.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of targeted B7-H3 gene silencing on the tumorigenesis and metastasis of human hematological malignancy xenograft tumor in nude mice.Methods: Real-time fluorogentic quantitative PCR (qPCR) and flow cytometry (FCM) were used to detect the expression of B7-H3 in 13 strains of malignant hematologic cells.Then,U937,Maver and Z138 cells which expressed high level of B7-H3 were screened out.Targeted B7-H3 knockdown in U937,Ma-ver and Z138 was performed by lentivirus transduction and the effect of B7-H3 silencing in stable cell lines was tested by qPCR and FCM.Injecting the nine groups subcutaneously into the nude mice to establish xenograft models after dividing the U937,Maver and Z138 into non-infected control group (CON),B7-H3 knockdown group (KD) and negative non-targeted control infected group (NC),respectively,for detecting the tumorigenicity and metastasis in vivo.Furthermore,the expression of Ki-67 in xenograft tumors was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC).The expression of metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) was detected by western blot.Results: The stable B7-H3 silencing cell lines of U937,Maver and Z138 were successfully established.Compared with the NC group,the KD groups of U937,Maver and Z138 had an obviously slower tumor growth.The average tumor inhibition rates at the end of observation period were 61.83% (F=43.78,P0.05).The liver distant metastasis of all the xenograft tumor models in nude mice was the most common and the rates of distant metastasis in KD groups were significantly lower than that of the corresponding NC groups.The Ki-67 indexes of the KD groups were significantly lower than those of the relative NC groups in three cell lines (U937: 40.3%±5.2% vs.79.1%±6.3%,q=30.31,P0.05).The expressions of MMP-2 were also significantly lower in the KD groups than in the NC groups (U937: q=14.59,P0.05).Conclusion: Targeted B7-H3 gene silencing could inhibit the tumorigenesis and metastasis of human hematological malignancy xenograft tumor in nude mice.The mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of Ki-67 and MMP-2.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668378

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathogenic and clinical features of bloodstream infections in patients with hematological malignancies for improving clinical treatment.Methods A total of 92 patients with hematological malignancy and positive blood culture treated during the period from September 2011 to September 2016 were analyzed,including clinical manifestations,treatment and prognosis.The distribution and antibiotic resistance of pathogens were also investigated.Results Of the 92 patients with bloodstream infection,64.1% had underlying agranulocytosis.All patients had fever.Septic shock was found in 45.7% cases.Elevated procalcitonin was detected in 82.6% cases.The 107 isolates from blood stream included 75 (70.1%) strains of gram negative bacteria,27 (25.2%) strains of gram positive bacteria,and 5 (4.7%) strains of fungi.Escherichia coli showed higher resistance rate to ceftriaxone (80.9%) and levofloxacin (91.3%).Klebsiella pneumoniae (31.2%) and Acinetobacter baumannii (50.0%) strains showed relatively high resistance to imipenem.Gram positive bacteria were still sensitive to vancomycin and linezolid.Overall,35 (38.0%) patients died.The initial empirical treatment regimen had significant impact on patient outcome (P<0.05).The mortality rate of initial carbapenem-based empirical treatment was slightly lower (28.6% vs 46.2%) than that of non-carbapenem-based initial regimen,but the difference was not significant (P=0.163).Conclusions The outcome is poor in patients with hematological malignancy complicated with bloodstream infection.The main pathogen is gram negative bacteria in such infections,associated with high antibiotic resistance.The emergence of carbapenem resistance is an issue of concern.The effectiveness of initial empirical therapy may have significant effect on patient outcome.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666148

ABSTRACT

B7-H3,a newly discovered co-stimulatory regulatory protein member of the B7 family.Its mRNA is ubiquitously expressed in a wide spectrum of tissues.As a co-stimulatory or co-inhibitory signal molecule which can regulate immune response,B7-H3 plays an important role in the immune system.Besides,B7-H3 can be also involved in cancer progression via non-immunological.Recently,the aberrant expression of B7-H3 has been described in various malignancies,and significantly correlated with poor prognosis and cancer progression.Therefore,B7-H3 is considered as an early diagnostic and prognostic marker and therapeutic target for tumors,but the specific molecular mechanisms of B7-H3 regulation are poorly understood.The immune and gene therapy of tumor by target B7-H3 has made some progress.

19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 920-925, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810908

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To conduct a follow-up investigation of structural changes of the corpus callosum fibers of toddlers (2 to 5 years of age) with autism spectrum disorder(ASD) and to explore the associations with clinical symptoms.@*Method@#In this prospective randomized controlled study, ASD children who were diagnosed in the Child Mental Health Research Center, Nanjing Brain Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from May 2011 to November 2012 were included in the ASD group, and developmentally delayed children were included in the control group (DD group). Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data from the two groups were obtained at two age levels: 2-3 years of age, and 4-5 years of age. Region of interest analysis was applied to assess characteristic values of total area and sub-regions of corpus callosum: the fraction anisotropy (FA), the mean diffusivity (MD), the radial diffusivity (RD) and the axial diffusivity (AD). All children were assessed using the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) and Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC). The characteristic values of total area and sub-regions of corpus callosum of ASD group at two age levels were analyzed by paired sample t test; the characteristic values of total area and sub-regions of corpus callosum of ASD group and DD group were analyzed by independent-sample t test; the correlations between FA values of the total area and sub-regions of corpus callosum and ADI-R or ATEC scores were analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis.@*Result@#Forty cases meeting inclusion criteria were enrolled in ASD group, and 31 eligible cases were enrolled in the control group. Four children in the ASD group were lost to follow-up, and 5 children in the control group were lost to follow-up. Longitudinal comparison between the two age subgroups of ASD patients showed that the FA values of the total corpus callosum increased (0.499 55±0.027 59 vs. 0.505 83±0.086 64, t=4.88, P<0.05), but MD values, RD values and AD values of the total corpus callosum area decreased (0.000 89±0.000 03 vs. 0.000 81±0.000 14, 0.000 61±0.000 04 vs. 0.000 55±0.000 09, 0.001 43±0.000 03 vs. 0.001 38±0.000 03, t=9.31, 7.90, 8.66, P<0.05 for all comparisons). In the area of corpus callosum genu, FA and AD values increased (t=5.59, 8.48, P<0.05 for both comparisons), but MD and RD values decreased (t=12.67, 11.28, P<0.05 for both comparisns). In the area of corpus callosum body, FA and RD values increased(t=5.46, 8.48, P<0.05 for both comparisons), but MD and AD values decreased (t=8.08, 6.22, P<0.05 for both comparisons). In the area of corpus callosum splenium, MD, RD and AD values decreased (t=6.81, 4.44, 5.51, P < 0.05 for all comparisons). Among the participants 2 to 3 years of age, there were no significantly differences in FA values of total area and sub-regions of corpus callosum between ASD group and the DD group (P > 0.05 for all comparisons); as compared with the DD group, ASD group had higher AD values of total area and splenium of corpus callosum (0.001 43±0.000 03 vs. 0.001 40±0.000 04, 0.001 34±0.000 03 vs. 0.001 32±0.000 04, t=1.56, 1.14, P < 0.05 for both comparisons); ASD group had lower AD values but higher RD and MD values of corpus callosum genu (t=0.07, 0.55, 0.07, P < 0.05 for all comparisons); ASD group had lower RD values of corpus callosum body (t=0.07, P < 0.05). Among the participants 4 to 5 years of age, as compared with the DD group, ASD group had higher FA value of total corpus callosum area(0.505 83±0.086 64 vs. 0.483 77±0.099 30, t=8.56, P < 0.05), lower RD value of total corpus callosum(0.000 55±0.000 09 vs. 0.000 56±0.000 12, t=14.44, P < 0.05), lower RD values of corpus callosum body (t=2.20, P < 0.05), higher FA values (t=3.35, P < 0.05) but lower AD values of corpus callosum splenium (t=2.20, P < 0.05). A correlation analysis between FA values of total area and sub-regions of corpus callosum and clinical variables showed that the FA values of total area and splenium of corpus callosum in ASD group at 2 to 3 years of age were negatively correlated with the scores of language skills in ATEC (r=-0.35,-0.36, P < 0.05 for both comparisons). And after two years, FA values of total corpus callosum were positively correlated with the scores of social communication in ATEC (r=0.34, P < 0.05). There was no significant correlation between FA values of sub-regions of corpus callosum and the scores of ATEC (P > 0.05 for all comparisons). There was no significant correlation between FA values of total area and sub-regions of corpus callosum and the scores of ADI-R (P > 0.05 for all comparisons).@*Conclusion@#The fiber structure of corpus callosum was still in the process of maturing during the age of 2 to 5 years; however, compared with DD group, ASD group had more extensive structural abnormalities of the corpus callosum fibers as age increased, and the structural abnormalities had correlation with the core symptoms of ASD. Trial registration Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR-OPC-17011995.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To search for differences in early immune reconstitution after allogenic or autolo-gous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).Methods:The peripheral blood (PB)from 31 adult patients undergoing allogenic HSCT (allo-HSCT,1 5 patients)or autologous HSCT (auto-HSCT, 1 6 patients)for the treatment of hematological malignancies and from 20 related healthy controls (HC) from December 201 1 to August 201 4 was used to analyze the kinetic recovery of lymphocyte subsets by means of flow cytometry during 1 2 months after HSCT.The T cell receptor rearrangement excision circle (TREC)levels among CD3 + T cells were measured in the patients and HC to evaluate the thymic-dependent T cell reconstitution.Results:The allo-and auto-HSCT recipients did not differ significantly in CD4 + T cells,CD8 na?ve T cells,effecter memory T cells (TEM),CD4 central memory T cells (TCM),mid-activated T cells and dendritic cells (DC)during the follow-up (P >0.05).But they both differed significantly from HC (P 0.05).B cells in both the groups were lower than those in HC (P 0.05). Conclusion:The differences of the nature and the speed of lymphocyte reconstitution observed between the two patents groups were minor.This leads us to conclude that in allografted patients,immune recons-titution and subpopulations of peripheral blood lymphocytes are probably not related to the allogenicity of the graft,but due to the impaired thymus functions and slow differentiation of T lymphocytes in thymus.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL