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1.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 246-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933543

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical characteristics of pediatric psoriasis based on the information systems from two children′s hospitals.Methods:Clinical data on outpatients confirmly diagnosed with pediatric psoriasis were collected from information systems of Beijing Children′s Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University and Children′s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019, and a clinical and epidemiological investigation was conducted. Statistical analysis was carried out by using t test and chi-square test. Results:A total of 5 235 children with psoriasis were included, with the ratio of male to female being 1∶1.08. Their age at the clinic visit ( M [ Q1, Q3]) was 8.37 (6.48, 10.50) years, and the school-age children were the most common population; their age at onset was 7.57 (5.37, 9.82) years. Among the 5 235 children with psoriasis, there were 3 195 (60.82%) with psoriasis vulgaris, 281 (5.37%) with pustular psoriasis, 19 (0.36%) with erythrodermic psoriasis, and 1 (0.02%) with psoriatic arthritis. The trunk (87.76%, 1 097/1 250) was most frequently affected, followed by the limbs (87.68%, 1 096/1 250) , the scalp (62.56%, 782/1 250) , and the face and neck (35.76%, 477/1 250) . Among the 5 235 patients, 4 319 (82.50%) received topical treatments, 177 (3.38%) received systemic treatments, and 832 (15.89%) were treated with antibiotics. Among 3 497 children who received initial treatment regimens, the disease could be controlled in 3 423 (97.88%) without change in treatment regimens, while treatment regimens needed to be adjusted in 2.12%. Conclusions:In the two children′s hospitals, most children with psoriasis developed this condition and visited the clinic at school age, and the predominant clinical type was psoriasis vulgaris. Most skin lesions were extensive, and commonly occurred on the trunk and limbs. Scalp involvement was not uncommon. The condition could be controlled by topical treatments in most children with psoriasis, while a few patients needed systemic treatments.

2.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 95-101, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933518

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a serine protease inhibitor Kazal type-5 (Spink5) conditional knockout mouse model, and to identify its phenotype.Methods:B cell-specific Spink5 conditional knockout mice of genotype Mb1 cre/+Spink5 floxp/floxp were constructed by using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) /CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) technology, and served as the knockout group. Mice of genotype Mb1 +/+Spink5 floxp/floxp served as the control group. The mice of genotype Mb1 cre/+Spink5 floxp/floxp or Mb1 +/+Spink5 floxp/floxp were sacrificed when they were 4 to 6 weeks old, splenic mononuclear cells were isolated, and B lymphocytes and non-B lymphocytes were sorted by flow cytometry and fluorescence-activated cell sorting. Genotype identification was performed by PCR, and protein expression of lymphoepithelial Kazal-type-related inhibitor (LEKTI) was determined by Western blot analysis. Skin tissues were resected from the mice, and subjected to hematoxylin-eosin staining for measuring the epidermal thickness. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to determine fluorescence intensity of LEKTI protein in the mouse skin tissues. Paired t test or two-independent-sample t test was used for comparisons between groups. Results:Genotype identification results demonstrated that the stable B lymphocyte-specific Spink5 conditional knockout mouse model was successfully constructed. Western blot analysis revealed that the relative protein expression of LEKTI in the B lymphocytes in the knockout group was 0.01 ± 0.02, which was significantly lower than that in the non-B lymphocytes in the knockout group (0.66 ± 0.11, t = 9.99, P < 0.001) , and that in the B lymphocytes in the control group (1.08 ± 0.13, t = 13.78, P < 0.001) . Among 39 mice in the knockout group, 4 presented with dry skin and scattered scaly hypertrophic maculopapules. The epidermal thickness of the lesional skin tissues in the knockout group was 90.42 ± 21.31 μm, significantly higher than that of the non-lesional skin tissues in the knockout group (29.71 ± 3.63 μm, t = 5.05, P = 0.002) and that of normal skin tissues in the control group (12.42 ± 2.21 μm, t = 6.74, P < 0.001) . Immunofluorescence staining showed no significant difference in the fluorescence intensity of LEKTI protein among the lesional skin tissues (46.21 ± 1.21) , non-lesional skin tissues (46.62 ± 2.13) in the knockout group and normal skin tissues in the control group (47.69 ± 1.71, P > 0.05) . Conclusion:The B lymphocyte-specific Spink5 conditional knockout mouse model was successfully constructed, which provides a basis for further exploring mechanisms underlying skin barrier defects and immune dysfunction in Netherton syndrome.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 479-482, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884912

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of microRNA-19(miR-19)and microRNA-21(miR-21)in elderly patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma(DTC), and to analyze the relationship of miR-19 and miR-21 expression with pathological characteristics in elderly patients with DTC.Methods:A total of ninety-six elderly DTC patients visiting our hospital from January 2015 to January 2018 were included in this retrospective study.They underwent cervical lymph node puncture biopsy and radical surgery for thyroid cancer.The expression levels of miR-21 and miR-19 were detected in lymph node tissues, thyroid cancer tissues and normal para-cancerous tissue.The differences in miR-21 and miR-19 expression levels between three different pathological tissues in elderly patients were analyzed.The correlation of miR-21 and miR-19 expression levels with different clinico-pathological features in elderly patients was observed.Results:The expression levels of miR-21 from low to high were(0.92±0.33)in para-cancerous tissue, (3.41±0.64)in lymph node tissue and(4.28±1.56)in DTC tissue respectively( F=296.683, P<0.01), the difference was statistically significant( F=296.683, P=0.01). While, there was no significant difference in the expression levels of miR-19 among different tissues( P>0.05). Spearman correlation test showed that the expression level miR-21 in DTC tissue was positively correlated with that in lymph node tissue and para-cancerous tissue( r values were 0.724, 0.801, all P<0.01), while the expression level of miR-19 showed no correlation of DTC tissues with lymph node and para-cancerous tissues( r=0.127 and 0.165, P>0.05). The expression level of miR-21 in lymph node tissue was positively correlated with that in para-cancerous tissues( r=0.705, P<0.01), but the expression level of microRNA-19 had no correlation between the two kinds of tissues( r=0.191, P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the expression of miR-21 in cervical lymph nodes among patients with different gender and tumor diameter( P>0.05). The expression level of miR-21 in cervical lymph nodes was significantly higher in stage Ⅲ patients than in stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ patients( P<0.05). The expression level of microRNA-21 in cervical lymph nodes was higher in patients with extra-glandular infiltration than without extra-glandular infiltration( P<0.05). The expression of microRNA-19 in cervical lymph nodes showed no significant difference regardless of sex, tumor diameter, tumor stage, extra-thyroid invasion. Conclusions:MiR-19 may not be involved in the development of DTC in elderly patients, and microRNA-21 may play an important role in the development of DTC in elderly patients, especially in the process of tumor invasion and metastasis.Early cervical lymph node puncture for miR-21 detection helps early diagnose and evaluate DTC, to provide a basis for the choice of treatment options.

4.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 795-799, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667719

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of neutrophils and their IgA Fc receptor CD89 in the occurrence of Henoch-Sch(o)nlein purpura (HSP),to evaluate their effects on vascular endothelial cell apoptosis,and to explore their mechanisms.Methods Peripheral blood neutrophils were isolated from 30 children with acute HSP and 9 age-matched healthy controls separately.After isolation of serum IgA by Jacalin affinity chromatography,IgA was purified by polypropylene dextran gel chromatography.Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR (qPCR) and Western blot analysis were performed to determine the mRNA and protein expression of CD89 on neutrophils respectively,and flow cytometry was conducted to measure the expression of neutrophil activation marker CD11b.Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were co-cultured with neutrophils isolated from patients with HSP (HSP group) and healthy controls (healthy control group) separately.Moreover,the HSP group were divided into 3 subgroups to be treated with serum IgA isolated from the HSP patients (HSP IgA group),monomeric IgA (mIgA group) and phosphate-buffered saline (blank control group) respectively.Then,flow cytometry was conducted to detect apoptosis of co-cultured HUVEC,and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)to measure levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in the supernatant of co-cultured cells.Results There was no significant difference in the mRNA expression of CD89 on neutrophils between the patients with HSP and healthy controls (P =0.98),but the protein expression of CD89 was significantly lower in the patients with HSP than in the healthy controls (0.60 ± 0.16 vs.0.83 ± 0.24,P =0.03).The expression of CD1 1b on neutrophils was significantly higher in the patients with HSP than in the healthy controls (1 880.25 ± 388.29 vs.1 109.25 ± 364.25,P < 0.01).The apoptosis rate of co-cultured HUVEC was also significantly higher in the HSP group than in the healthy control group (37.44% ± 5.49% vs.17.14% ± 4.45%,P < 0.01).In addition,the H SP IgA group showed significantly higher apoptosis rate of cocultured HUVEC and levels of IL-8 and TNF-cα in the supematant compared with the mIgA group (all P <0.01) and blank control group (P < 0.01,=0.01,=0.02,respectively).Conclusions Peripheral blood neutrophils in patients with HSP are activated,which can induce the apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells.HSP IgA can promote the neutrophil-mediated apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells and secretion of IL-8 and TNF-α,while mIgA may show a certain inhibitory effects.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 604-607, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496037

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of low frequency electrical pulse therapy combined with α-lipoic acid on diabetic gastroparesis in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes.Methods A total of 65 patients diagnosed as diabetic gastroparesis were selected from our hospital and divided into three groups according to random number table:the control group(n =23,the α-lipoic acid treatment),the conventional treatment group (n =16),and the experimental group (n =26,treating with α-lipoic acid combined with low-frequency electrical pulse therapy).All patients received the conventional diabetic therapy.Clinical effects,gastric emptying rate and serum gastrin(GAS) and fasting blood glucose levels were compared before versus after treatment among the three groups.Results The cure and total effective rates were higher in the experimental group than in the control group [46.15% (12 cases) vs.30.43% (7 cases),80.76% (20 cases) vs.65.21% (15 cases),x2 =0.867,P<0.05].There were significant differences in gastric emptying rate,serum gastrin and fasting plasma glucose levels among the 3 treatment groups before versus after treatment.And the gastric emptying rate and serum gastrin level were better improved in the experimental groups compared with the conventional treatment and control groups.Conclusions The low-frequency electrical pulse therapy combined with α-lipoic acid has a significant clinical efficacy,which can improve clinical effects,promote gastric emptying,decrease fasting plasma glucose levels in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 534-538, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466426

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate expression levels of epithelial mucin 1 (MUC1) and epitbelial mucin15(MUC15) in elderly patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma and assess the role of MUC1 and MUC15 in the pathogenesis of thyroid papillary carcinoma.Methods Protein expression of MUC1 and MUC15 was detected by immunohistochemistry in 10 samples from normal thyroid tissue adjacent to thyroid adenoma,57 samples from papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC),and 14 samples from PTC in neck lymph node metastasis.Results Expression rates of MUC1 in normal thyroid tissues,thyroid papillary carcinoma,and lymph node metastatic carcinoma were 40.0%,75.4%,64.3,respectively,and the rates for MUC15 were 0,73.7%,71.4%,respectively.The positive expression rate of MUC1 was higher in PTC tissues than in normal thyroid tissues (x2 =5.10,P=0.02) and,compared with normal thyroid tissues,the positive expression rate of MUC15 increased in PTC tissues and lymph node metastatic carcinoma (x2 =12.25 and 19.75,both P<0.05)MUC15 protein expression was higher in micro-PTC (less than or equal to 1 cm in diameter) than in carcinoma larger than 1 cm in diameter (90.9% vs.62.9,x2 =5.48,P=0.02).MUC15 expression was higher in PTC without lymph node metastasis than in PTC with lymph node metastasis (83.8%vs.55.0%,x2 =5.55,P=0.02).MUC1 expression was positively correlated with MUC15 expression in thyroid papillary carcinoma (r=0.35,P=0.01).Conclusions MUC1 and MUC15 may have synergistic effects in the initiation and progression of PTC.MUC15 may play a role in regulating tumorigenesis of thyroid papillary carcinoma in early stages and can potentially serve as a supplementary marker in the screening of micro-thyroid papillary carcinoma.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 613-615, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450251

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify etiological factors for non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) in elderly patients presenting to the emergency department.Methods A total of 97 elderly patients with NUD presenting to the emergency department from January 2011 to December 2013 were enrolled in the NUD group and 116 elderly people undergoing annual physical examinations served as the control group.Clinical data,including Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection,unhealthy living habits,anxiety,depression and regular intake,were collected and compared between the two groups.Results Compared with the control group,the NUP group showed a higher HP infection rate [70.1% (68/97)vs.54.3% (63/116),x2 =5.565,P<0.05],a higher incidence of unhealthy living habits (unhealthy dietary habits,smoking,drinking,and lack of regular exercise) (P<0.05),a higher incidence of suspect anxiety/anxiety and a higher incidence of regular intake [30.9% (30/97) vs 10.3% (12/116),x2=14.138,P<0.05].SerumpepsinogenⅠ(PGⅠ) [(178.7±13.6) μg/L vs.(125.2±10.5)μg/L,t=1.971,P<0.01] and serum pepsinogen Ⅱ(PG Ⅱ) [(28.8±5.3) μg/L vs.(14.7±3.8)μg/L,t=1.960,P<0.01] levels were also higher in the elderly NUD patients than in the control group.Conclusions HP infection,unhealthy living habits,anxiety and/or depression,and regular intake are closely associated with NUD in the elderly.Serum PGⅠ and PGⅡ could be used as markers in screening for malignant lesions in elderly patients with dyspepsia.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 496-498, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446772

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the changes of expression of mucin1 (MUC1) and protooncogene proteins C-myc (C-myc) gene in elderly papillary thyroid carcinoma.Methods The expression levels of MUC1 and C-myc were examined by immunohistochemical methods in 58 sample of thyroid carcinoma,35 nodular goiter and in 30 normal thyroid tissue.Results The detective rate of MUC1 in 58 specimens of thyroid carcinoma was 77.6% (45/58),while 90.0% (9/10) in those with infiltration and 88.2 % (15/17) in those with metastasis.The detective rate of C-myc in 58 specimens of thyroid carcinoma was 81.0 % (47/58),and 100.0 % (17/17) in those with metastasis.Conclusions The differences in MUC1 or C myc expression and in thyroid carcinoma infiltration and lymph node metastasia between benign versus malignant thyroid tumor are statistically significant.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 974-975, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442780

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the risk factors for thyroid papillary carcinoma in patients aged over 65 years,and to investigate the etiology of thyroid papillary carcinoma.Methods A total of 784 patients with thyroid nodules screened by ultrasound were grouped according to different iodine intakes,gender,age,diet,smoking history and history of radiation therapy.The incidence of thyroid papillary carcinoma was compared among the different groups.Pathogenic factors for thyroid papillary carcinoma were analyzed.Results 55 patients (7.0%) were diagnosed as thyroid papillary carcinoma among 784 patients.Gender,age,iodine intake,smoking history and history of radiation therapy were the pathogenic factors for papillary thyroid carcinoma.Thyroid papillary carcinoma was common in older women,patients with high-iodine intake and patients with the history of radiation therapy.The incidence of thyroid papillary carcinoma was higher in patients with high iodine intake than with normal-iodine intake or low-iodine intake [22.8% (31/136) vs.1.9%% (10/517),10.7% (14/131),x2 =75.07,P<0.01].The incidence of thyroid papillary carcinoma was higher in female than in male elderly patients [8.0% (49/612) vs.3.5% (6/172),P<0.05].The incidence of thyroid papillary carcinoma was higher in patients with the history of radiation therapy than without the history of radiation [11.6% (14/121) vs.6.2% (41/663),P<0.05].Conclusions The main risk factors for thyroid papillary carcinoma are living environment,gender,age,diet,smoking history and history of radiation therapy,which are more influenced by external factors.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 258-261, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436357

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the protective effect of genistein on psoralens plus ultraviolet A (PUVA)-induced photoaging in human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) in vitro.Methods Dermal fibroblasts were isolated from the foreskin of a healthy 5-year-old boy,and subjected to primary culture.After 5-8 passages of subculture,the fibroblasts were collected and used in the following experiment.To determine the optimal concentration of genistein,methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay was conducted to detect the proliferation of fibroblasts pretreated with 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) and various concentrations (0-20 μg/ml) of genistein for 24 hours followed by UVA irradiation.Then,the fibroblasts were divided into 3 groups:normal control group receiving no treatment,photoaging group incubated with 8-MOP for 24 hours followed by UVA irradiation,and genistein group incubated with both 8-MOP and genistein at the optimal concentration for 24 hours followed by UVA irradiation.After additional culture,invert microscopy was carried out to observe the morphology of fibroblasts,enzyme histochemistry to assess senescent cells by using SA-β-Gal kit,flow cytometry to determine the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS),real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR to detect the matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) expression.One-way analysis of variance was conducted to assess the differences in these parameters among these groups.Results At 24 hours after UVA irradiation,the percentage of fibroblasts positive for SA-β-galactosidase was (0.67 ± 0.58)%,(96.67 ± 1.53)% and (51.67 ± 2.08)% in the normal control group,photoaging group and genistein group respectively,with significant differences among these groups (P < 0.01).The level of ROS in the photoaging group and genistein group was (0.88 ± 0.24) and (0.62 ± 0.02) fold higher than that in the control group(both P < 0.01).Moreover,the MMP-1 expression level in the photoaging group and genistein group was 10 times and 6 times that in the control group,respectively,with significant differences among the 3 groups (P < 0.05).Conclusion In vitro,genistein can protect against PUVA-induced photoaging in human dermal fibroblasts to some extent.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315472

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the characteristics of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed in 336 patients with PCOS, and the serum levels triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and testosterone were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total incidence of MS was 18.8% in these 336 patients with PCOS. The incidence of MS increased with percent body fat (%BF) and lipid accumulation product (LAP) in patients with PCOS. The patients at child-bearing age appeared to have a higher incidence of MS than those in puberty. The muscle distribution coefficient, age, body mass index, and the metabolic parameters were all higher in patients with MS than in those without MS. The bilateral lower limb muscle strength were lower in patients with MS than in those without, but the level of testosterone showed no significant difference between them.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The risk of MS increases with BF%, age and LAP in patients with PCOS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Female , Humans , Metabolic Syndrome , Metabolism , Pathology , Obesity , Metabolism , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome , Metabolism , Pathology , Risk Factors , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418742

ABSTRACT

Applying multi-media combined with case teaching method to optimize pediatric dermatology teaching and clinical practice.The data of typical cases were collected by multi-media method,which can visually describe the characteristics of the cases and help students master the knowledge of pediatric dermatology by personal involvement.It can also cultivate students′ ability to analyze and solve problems as well as alleviate the conflicts between the clinical practice and lack of teaching case resources under the intense doctor-patient relationship.In conclusion,it is a teaching reform which deserves extending and applying.

13.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 378-381, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389466

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the capacity of atopy patch test in diagnosis of food allergy in children with atopic dermatitis (AD).Methods Egg and milk,as the most common food allergens among Chinese children,were employed in this study.Skin prick test (SPT) and atopy patch test (APT) with fresh egg and milk were carried out in 68 children with AD.Oral food challenges in an open style were performed to confirm the diagnosis of food allergy.Resuits Of these patients,58(85.3%)were sensitive to egg,40(58.8%)to milk and 34(50.0%) to both.Of 98 patients with positive challenge,47 showed late response,10 immediate reactions.and 41 mixed reactions.The sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value (PPV),negative predictive value (NPV) and the agreement with food challenges in diagnosis of egg/milk allergy were 96.6%/67.5%.90.0%/82.1%,98.2%/84.4%,81.8%/63.9% and 95.6%/73.5%,respectively for APT alone,37.9%/30.0%,100%/89.3%,100%/80.0%,21.7%/47.2% and 47.1%/54.4%,respectively for SPT alone.APT was found to be more sensitive in diagnosis of late-phase reactions than SPT (P<0.01).No significant difference was found in the sensitivity between APT alone and the combination of APT and SPT in parallel algorithm for diagnosis of egg or milk allergy (x2=0.509,0.549,both P>0.05) or in the specificity between APT alone and that in serial algorithm( P=1.000;x2=3.514,P>0.05).Conclusions APT is superior to SPT in diagnosis of late responses to food,and the combination of SPT and APT does not facilitate the diagnosis of food or milk allergy compared with APT alone.

14.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 267-274, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757729

ABSTRACT

Retinitis pigmentosa is a leading cause of blindness and a progressive retinal disorder, affecting millions of people worldwide. This disease is characterized by photoreceptor degeneration, eventually leading to complete blindness. Autosomal dominant (adRP) has been associated with mutations in at least four ubiquitously expressed genes encoding pre-mRNA splicing factors-Prp3, Prp8, Prp31 and PAP1. Biological function of adRP-associated splicing factor genes and molecular mechanisms by which mutations in these genes cause cell-type specific photoreceptor degeneration in humans remain to be elucidated. To investigate the in vivo function of these adRP-associated splicing factor genes, we examined Drosophila in which expression of fly Prp31 homolog was down-regulated. Sequence analyses show that CG6876 is the likely candidate of Drosophila melanogaster Prp31 homolog (DmPrp31). Predicted peptide sequence for CG6876 shows 57% similarity to the Homo sapiens Prp31 protein (HsPrp31). Reduction of the endogenous Prp31 by RNAi-mediated knockdown specifically in the eye leads to reduction of eye size or complete absence of eyes with remarkable features of photoreceptor degeneration and recapitulates the bimodal expressivity of human Prp31 mutations in adRP patients. Such transgenic DmPrp31RNAi flies provide a useful tool for identifying genetic modifiers or interacting genes for Prp31. Expression of the human Prp31 in these animals leads to a partial rescue of the eye phenotype. Our results indicate that the Drosophila CG6876 is the fly ortholog of mammalian Prp31 gene.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Animals, Genetically Modified , Base Sequence , DNA Primers , Genetics , Drosophila Proteins , Genetics , Physiology , Drosophila melanogaster , Genetics , Physiology , Eye Abnormalities , Genetics , Eye Proteins , Genetics , Physiology , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Genes, Insect , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Pancreatitis-Associated Proteins , Photoreceptor Cells, Invertebrate , Physiology , RNA Interference , RNA Splicing , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
15.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 447-450, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399961

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the polymorphism at positions-137 and -607 in the upstream promoter 1 region of exon 2 of interleukin(IL)-18 gene in Han children with atopic dermatitis(AD)in Chongqing,China,as well as its correlation with the development of AD.Methods Blood samples were collected from 82 patients with atopic dermatitis and 100 healthy controls.DNA was extracted from the samples and subjected to test with PCR.The polymorphism of IL-18 gene at positions-137 and -607 in the upstream promoter 1 region was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction(PCR)-sequence specific primers(SSP)and gene sequencing.Genotype frequency was compared between the patients and controls.Resuits A G/C polymorphism(GG,GC and CC genotypes)was identified at position-137 in exon 2 of IL-18 gene,and a C/A polymorphism(CC.CA and AA genotypes)at position-607 of this gene.The frequency of genotype GC at position-137 was significantly higher in the patients than that in the controls(47% vs 27%,P<0.05;odds ratio=2.33.95% confidence interval 1.26-4.33).Increased frequency of C allele was also noted at the position-137 in the patients compared with the controls(0.24 vs 0.15,P<0.05;odds ratio=1.76,95% confidence interval 1.04.2.97).Patients with severe AD(SCORAD score>50)were more likely to carry C allele at position-137 of IL-18 gene than those with mild AD(SCORAD<20).There was no statistical difference in allele frequency at -607(C/A)among patients with mild,moderate,severe AD and the controls(P>0.05).Conclusions There is a polymorphism at positions -137 and -607 in the upstream promoter 1 region of IL-18 exon 2.The GC genotype of IL-18 at position -137 may confer the susceptibility to AD in Han children in Chongqing.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547003

ABSTRACT

Objective An analytic method with rephase high pressure liquid chromatogrophy(RP-HPLC) was developed to determine the residue of deltamethrin in water.Methods Water sample was filtrated and determined by RP-HPLC.Chromatographic column was YMC C_(18)(250 mm?4.6 mm,5?m),mobile phase was methanol:water=90:10(V/V),the flowing rate was 0.8 ml/min, DAD detecting wavelength was 205 nm.Results The regression equation was y=655.6 x-1.8,r=0.999 99.The lowest detectable concentration was 2.9?g/L.The recovery rate was 98.0%-102.0%and the relative standard deviation was 0.29%-0.48%. Conclusion The method is proved to be satisfactory in precision,accuracy and sensitivity and can be used for the rapid determination of deltamethrin residue in water.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-563682

ABSTRACT

Objective To approach the clinical effect and safety of glutathione in patients with alcoholic liver disease(ALD).Method The patients were divided into two groups, including the control group and treatment group.Two groups are all treated with routine therapy such as Ganlixin,potassium magnesium aspartate,mulivitamins and so on,the treatment group add glutathione,to inspect clinical menifetation and liver function changes of two groups before and after treatments.Result Among the treatment group,43.6%showed notable effective result,51.3%effective,the total dffective rate is 94.9%. Among the control group, 19.4%showed notable effective result, 58.3%effective,the total dffective rate is 78.7%.There is a significant different between the two groups (P

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544676

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop an HPLC analytic method for determination of cyromazine residue in water.Methods Chromatographic column of YMC C18(150 mm?4.6 mm,5 ?m)was used,mobile phase was methanol+0.02 mol/L NH4Ac=15+85(V/V),flowing rate was 1.0 ml/min,DAD detection wavelength was 210 nm.Results Regression equation was y=243.8x-4.2,r=0.999 96.The minimal detectable concentration was 0.010 mg/L;the rate of recovery was 94%-100% and the relative standard deviation was less than 3.0%.Conclusion The method is satisfactory in precision,accuracy and sensitivity.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-545085

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the contents of antibiotics and antiseptics in the cosmetics sold in markets. Methods The cosmetics sold in professional market and current market (in which cosmetics were retailed) were selected respectively in Guangzhou and the contents of four antibiotics (oxytetracycline, tetracycline, chlortetracycline and chloramphenicol) and five antiseptics (para-hydroxybenzcic acid, methyl para-hydroxybenzoate, ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate, propyl para-hydroxybenzoate and butyl para-hydroxybenzoate) were determined by high performance liquid chromatogram. Results In 111 cosmetics, 30 cosmetics were detected containing oxytetracycline, 62 cosmetics containing tetracycline, 7 cosmetics containing chlortetracycline and 1 cosmetic containing chloramphenicol. The detection rate was 78.4% and the detection rate of antibiotics among various kinds of cosmetics had no significant difference. The antiseptics used in cosmetics were mostly para-hydroxyl compound ester and there were four cosmetics detected containing antiseptics. Conclusion Abusing antibiotics in cosmetics market is very serious. The test standards and methods for antibiotics and antiseptics in the cosmetics should be developed as soon as possible. Cosmetic enterprises need to decrease microbe pollution in the process of production and prohibit adding antibiotics in cosmetics.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540385

ABSTRACT

Objective To Study the method for determination of aluminium in water by spectrophotometry of Be ryllon Ⅲ. Methods Be ryllon Ⅲ reacts on aluminium in oppropriate temperature and acidity in water and produces a red complex compound?The red complex compound can be determined by spectrophotometry. Results The optimum reaction temperature was 85 ℃, the optimum reaction time was 5 min, pH of buffer was 6.1, Beer's law was obeyed in the concentration range of 0-0.02 mg/L for aluminium, rates of recovery were 80.0%-96.0% and RSD was 0.70%. Conclusion This method is accurate, simple, sensitive and repeatable.

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