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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 249-252, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973496

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of using ultrasound to evaluate the internal mammary artery (IMA) and explore the related factors affecting the quality of IMA. Methods    From July 2020 to January 2021, for patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fuwai Hospital, ultrasound was applied to measure bilateral IMA at the parasternal second intercostal space. There were 62 males and 18 females with an average age of 59.9±8.3 years. The clinical data of the patients were recorded and analyzed. Results    A total of 160 IMA were measured. The IMA was detected in 99.4% (159/160), and the one that was not measured was proved to be occluded by enhanced CT. A total of 157 (98.1%) IMA intima were smooth, 2 (1.3%) were found to have uneven intimal thickening and less smooth, and only 1 (0.6%) was occluded. The intravascular diameter, peak systolic flow rate, peak diastolic flow rate, and blood flow rate of the left second intercostal IMA were 1.9±0.3 mm, 66.8±17.7 cm/s, 6.4 (0.0, 9.7) cm/s, 19.7±9.4 mL/min; and those of the right one were 2.1±0.3 mm, 69.7±18.5 cm/s, 6.0 (0.0, 9.2) cm/s and 22.8±11.5 mL/min, respectively. IMA vessel diameter and blood flow were greater on the right than those on the left side in the same individual (P<0.01). In univariate analysis, sex and body surface area were the factors that influenced the size of the IMA vessel among different individuals, and by linear regression analysis, the size of the IMA vessel was only related to body surface area among different individuals. On univariate analysis, diabetes mellitus was the only factor affecting IMA blood flow, with a mean reduction in blood flow of 18.4% (left) and 21.7% (right) in the diabetic group (P<0.05). Conclusion    Preoperative evaluation of the IMA using ultrasound over the parasternal second intercostal space is easy, noninvasive, and has a high success rate. The internal diameter of the IMA is positively correlated with body surface area, and blood flow is significantly reduced in patients with diabetes.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 63-69, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960706

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of clinical indices in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with concomitant minimal hepatic steatosis and related factors for minimal hepatic steatosis. Methods A total of 179 CHB patients who underwent liver biopsy in Department of Infectious Diseases, Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, from July 2018 to March 2022 were enrolled, and according to the degree of steatosis, they were divided into non-steatosis group with 98 patients and minimal hepatic steatosis group with 81 patients. Demographic information, clinical data, and liver histopathology data were collected, and related observation indices were compared between the two groups. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. A Spearman correlation analysis was performed, and a Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for minimal hepatic steatosis. Results Compared with the non-steatosis group, the minimal hepatic steatosis group had a significantly higher proportion of male patients (69.1% vs 52.0%, χ 2 =5.390, P < 0.05) and a significantly higher proportion of patients with significant liver fibrosis (43.2% vs 25.5%, χ 2 =6.234, P < 0.05). Compared with the non-steatosis group, the minimal hepatic steatosis group had significantly higher levels of body mass index (BMI) (23.61±2.95 kg/m 2 vs 22.13±2.67 kg/m 2 , t =-4.150, P < 0.05), uric acid (UA) [333.0(291.0-375.5) μmol/L vs 287.5(244.8-345.3) μmol/L, Z =-3.620, P < 0.05], triglyceride [0.92 (0.66-1.14) μmol/L vs 0.77 (0.62-1.02) μmol/L, Z =-2.224, P < 0.05], and controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) [234 (214-258) dB/m vs 218 (201-237) dB/m, Z =-2.867, P < 0.05]. In the group with normal body weight, the patients with minimal hepatic steatosis had significantly higher levels of UA (333.0±63.9 μmol/L vs 291.0±72.8 μmol/L, t =-2.395, P < 0.05) a nd HBV DNA [4.44 (3.51-6.79) log 10 IU/mL vs 3.42 (3.00-5.03) log 10 IU/mL, Z =-2.474, P < 0.05]. BMI (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.223, 95% confidence interval [ CI ] : 1.086-1.378, P =0.001) and UA ( OR =1.006, 95% CI : 1.002-1.010, P =0.008) were risk factors for minimal hepatic steatosis in CHB patients, and UA ( OR =1.007, 95% CI : 1.001-1.013, P =0.022) was a risk factors for minimal hepatic steatosis in CHB patients with normal body weight. Conclusion Compared with the non-steatosis CHB patients, the CHB patients with minimal hepatic steatosis have a significantly higher proportion of patients with significant liver fibrosis and a significantly higher level of CAP. BMI and UA are independent risk factors for minimal hepatic steatosis in CHB patients, and for the CHB patients with normal body weight, elevated UA is closely associated with the onset of minimal hepatic steatosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 820-826, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) on uric acid (UA)-induced apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells.Methods:(1) Totally 24 SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group, treatment with 3-MA group, hyperuricemic nephropathy (HN) group, and HN+3-MA group, with 6 rats in each group. According to the body weight of the rats, adenine (100 mg/kg) and potassium oxonate (1 500 mg/kg) were mixed with distilled water to make a suspension, and the rats were given intragastrically once daily for consecutive 21 days to establish HN rat model. The control group and the 3-MA treatment group were fed an equivalent amount of distilled water. At the same time, the 3-MA treatment group and the HN+3-MA group were intraperitoneally injected with 3-MA (15 mg/kg), and the control group and HN group were intraperitoneally injected with an equal volume of saline once daily for 21 consecutive days. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling assay (TUNEL) was used to observe renal cell apoptosis. Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of cleaved caspase-3 and Bax, and immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression and localization of cleaved caspase-3 in renal tissue. (2) Human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) were stimulated with UA (800 μmol/L), and cells were administrated with different concentrations of 3-MA or Beclin-1 small interfering RNA (siRNA). The apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells was detected by Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining.Results:Compared with the normal rats, the apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells in the HN group was significantly increased ( P<0.01), and the expression levels of cleaved caspase-3 and Bax were significantly up-regulated (both P<0.05). Compared with the HN group, the apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells in the HN+3-MA group was significantly decreased ( P<0.01). In addition, high level of uric acid could significantly increase the levels of apoptosis associated proteins in HK-2 cells (all P<0.05), and using different concentrations of 3-MA or transfecting with Beclin-1 siRNA could significantly reduce the expression of cleaved caspase-3 and Bax (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Autophagy plays an important role in uric acid-induced apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells. Inhibiting the excessive activation of autophagy may be a new strategy to prevent the progression of HN.

4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 980-984, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of nuclear receptor coactivator 4 (NCOA4)-mediated ferritinophagy in intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice and the relationship with ferroptosis.Methods:Thirty SPF-grade healthy male C57BL/6 mice, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 21-25 g, were divided into 5 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), intestinal I/R group (I/R group), intestinal I/R + NCOA4 silencing group (I/R+ NCOA4 shRNA group), intestinal I/R + autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) group (I/R+ 3-MA group), and intestinal I/R + NCOA4 silencing + autophagy activator rapamycin (RAPA) group (I/R+ NCOA4 shRNA + RAPA group). The intestinal I/R injury model was developed by clamping the superior mesenteric artery for 45 min followed by reperfusion in anesthetized animals.At 2 weeks before developing the model, AAV-NCOA4-shRNA 1×10 11 vp was injected via the tail vein in group I/R+ NCOA4 shRNA and group I/R+ NCOA4 shRNA+ RAPA, and AAV shCtrl (adenovirus control) 1 x10 11 vp was injected in Sham, I/R and I/R+ 3-MA groups.Rapamycin 4 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected once a day starting from 7 days before developing the model in group I/R+ NCOA4 shRNA+ RAPA.In group I/R+ 3-MA, 3-MA 10 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 1 h before developing the model.The animals were sacrificed at 2 h of reperfusion, and intestinal tissues were obtained for determination of contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH) and Fe 2+ (by colorimetry), contents of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), and expression of NCOA4, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), long-chain fatty acyl-CoA synthase 4 (ACSL4), ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1) and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) (by Western blot). The LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio was calculated.Intestinal damage was assessed and scored according to Chiu. Results:Compared with group Sham, the Chiu′s score and contents of MDA, Fe 2+ , TNF-α and IL-1β were significantly increased, GSH content was decreased, the expression of NCOA4 and ACSL4 was up-regulated, LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio was increased, and the expression of GPX4 and FTH1 was down-regulated in group I/R ( P<0.05). Compared with group I/R, the Chiu′s score and contents of MDA, Fe 2+ , TNF-α and IL-1β were significantly decreased, and GSH content was increased in I/R+ NCOA4 shRNA and I/R+ 3-MA groups, the expression of NCOA4 and ACSL4 was significantly down-regulated, and the expression of GPX4 and FTH1 was up-regulated in group I/R+ NCOA4 shRNA ( P<0.05), and ACSL4 expression was significantly down-regulated, LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio was decreased, and the expression of GPX4 and FTH1 was up-regulated in group I/R+ 3-MA ( P<0.05). Conclusions:NCOA4-mediated ferritinophagy can promote ferroptosis, which is involved in the pathophysiological mechanism of intestinal I/R injury in mice.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1721-1736, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878663

ABSTRACT

Higher alcohols that contain more than two carbon atoms have better fuel properties than ethanol, making them important supplements and alternatives to fossil fuels. Using microbes to produce higher alcohols from renewable biomass can alleviate the current energy and environmental crises, and has become a major future direction for green biomanufacturing. Since natural microbes can only produce a few higher alcohols in small amounts, it is necessary to reconstruct the synthetic pathways for higher alcohols in model industrial strains through metabolic engineering and synthetic biology to overcome the metabolic bottlenecks. A series of milestones have been accomplished in past decades. The authors of this review have witnessed the entire journey of this field from its first success to the leaping development. On the 30th anniversary of the founding of the discipline of metabolic engineering, this review dates back to the great milestones in achieving heterologous production of higher alcohols in non-native strains. The design and optimization of high alcohol biosynthetic pathways, the expansion of feedstock, the engineering of host strains and the industrialization process are summarized. This review aims to draw further attention to microbial synthesis of higher alcohols, inspire the development of novel techniques and strategies of metabolic engineering, and promote the innovation and upgrade of China's biofuel industry.


Subject(s)
Alcohols , Biofuels , Biosynthetic Pathways , Ethanol , Metabolic Engineering , Synthetic Biology
6.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 911-917, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911912

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role and mechanism of (histone deacetylase 6, HDAC6) in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of renal tubular epithelial cells and the activation of renal interstitial fibroblasts.Methods:Human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) and rat renal interstitial fibroblast (NRK-49F) were cultured in vitro, and divided into 4 groups: control group, Tubastatin A (TA) group (treated with 10 μmol/L HDAC6 inhibitor TA for 36 h), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) group (10 ng/ml TGF-β1 for 36 h), and TGF-β1+TA group (treated with 10 ng/ml TGF-β1 and 10 μmol/L TA for 36 h). The expression levels of fibronectin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen I, E-cadherin, HDAC6, acetyl histone H3, histone H3, acetyl α-tubulin, α-tubulin, TGF-β receptor (TGF-βR) 1, p-Smad3, Smad3, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and p-EGFR in HK-2 and NRK-49F cell samples were detected by Western blotting, and quantitative analysis was performed according to gray level. Results:(1) In HK-2 cells stimulated by TGF-β1, TA decreased the expression of fibronectin, α-SMA, collagen I, and increased the expression of epithelial cell marker E-cadherin. Meanwhile, TA decreased the expression of HDAC6 and increased the expression levels of acetyl histone H3 and acetyl α-tubulin (all P<0.05). (2) Compared with the TGF-β1 group, the expressions of TGF-βR1, p-Smad3, CTGF and p-EGFR in TGF-β1+TA group were decreased (all P<0.05), while the total protein levels of Smad3 and EGFR were not significantly different (both P>0.05). (3) In NRK-49F cells stimulated by TGF-β1, TA decreased the expressions of fibronectin, α-SMA, collagen I, TGF-βR1 and p-Smad3 (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Blockade of HDAC6 by TA may inhibit the EMT of renal tubular epithelial cells and the activation of renal interstitial fibroblasts via regulating multiple signaling pathways including TGF-β/Smad3, CTGF and EGFR.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 817-821, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909625

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of high frequency ultrasound combined with serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in the accurate qualitative diagnosis of pediatric testicular tumors.Methods:The ultrasound characteristics (physical properties, calcification, alder blood flow classification) and AFP levels of 47 testicular tumors confirmed by operation and pathology were analyzed retrospectively. The tumors were further divided into two ways: malignant tumor group and benign tumor group, yolk sac tumor group and non yolk sac tumor group. The characteristics of ultrasound and the accurate qualitative diagnosis efficiency of AFP in testicular tumors were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC).Results:18 cases of yolk sac tumor showed solid or almost solid mass, which may be accompanied by several small anechoic areas without calcification. The Alder blood flow grade were grade 3. 29 cases of nonyolk sac tumor showed cystic, solid or mixed mass, most of them have calcification and some of them showed honeycomb echo. Alder blood flow grade were 0-3 grade. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve, sensitivity and specificity of the ultrasound characteristics and AFP in the diagnosis of pediatric testicular malignancies were: solid or almost solid mass (0.894, 83.3%, 95.5%), and no calcification (0.904, 94.4%, 86.4%), Alder blood flow level 3 (0.941, 88.9%, 95.5%), AFP by best cut-off value 18.8 ng/ml (0.972, 100%, 95.5%), ultrasound features combined with AFP (0.992, 100%, 90.9%). All the testicular malignancies, such as yolk sac tumor, immature teratoma, teratoma combined with yolk sac tumor, can be identified by ultrasound features combined with AFP. Further analysis showed that the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnosis of yolk sac tumor with combined solid or almost solid and no calcification were both 100.0%, which can accurately distinguish all cases of yolk sac tumor.Conclusions:Pediatric testicular yolk sac tumor has specific ultrasound performance, high-frequency ultrasound can make a relatively accurate diagnosis, combined with serum AFP can further make a relatively accurate qualitative diagnosis of other malignant tumors of the testis in children.

8.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 603-608, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of the incidence of arrhythmia and the prediction of baseline ventricular late potential in patients with first depression episode.Methods:The cohort study was used to observe the relationship between the baseline status of ventricular late potential, the severity of baseline depression symptoms, the extent of remission of depressive symptoms within the treatment duration and arrhythmia incidence in the 3 years progress. For the assessment of the severity of depression symptoms, 17 version of Hamilton depression scale was used to evaluate the baseline ventricular late potential, and DMS lab3.0 ECG platform late potential analysis system was used to determine the assessment (CardioScan 12 NET version). The first depression patients with positive ventricular late potential were followed up for 3 years. The changes of the severity of ventricular late potential and depression symptoms were investigated, and the correlation with the subsequent course of arrhythmia was investigated.SPSS 20.0 software package was used for statistical distraction, chi square test was used for count data, independent samples t test was used for normal distribution measurement data, Mann-Whitney U test was used for non-normal distribution count data, and logistic regression method was used to calculate relative risk( RR). Results:According to the 3-year follow-up of 400 first-episode depression patients, 22.25% (89/400) had malignant arrhythmia. The incidence of malignant arrhythmia was 39.46% (58/147) in ventricular late potential positive group and 12.25% (31/253) in ventricular late potential negative group, and the difference was statistically significant(χ 2=9.578, P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that positive ventricular late potential at baseline (compared with negative ventricular late potential at baseline, RR=10.78, 95% CI=8.34-13.80), having a family history of arrhythmia (compared with no family history of arrhythmia, RR=5.23, 95% CI=2.41-9.85), had a higher severity of depression at baseline (compared with lower severity of depression at baseline, RR=1.73, 95% CI=1.25-2.85), poor first-time efficacy and more repeated hospitalizations (compared with good first-time efficacy and less hospitalizations, RR=1.11, 95% CI=1.04-1.17), and age of onset< 20 (compared with age of onset≥20, RR=1.07, 95% CI=1.02-1.93) were the risk factors of malignant arrhythmia in patients with first-episode depression(all P<0.05). Conclusion:The incidence of arrhythmia is very high in those patients with baseline positive late ventricular potential. Positive late ventricular potential, family history of arrhythmia, younger onset age and poor therapeutic effect were the relative risk of arrhythmia in the patients with depression.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1053-1058., 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876645

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical effect of entecavir (ETV) rescue treatment in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients at the onset of rtA181V/T mutation. MethodsA total of 174 CHB patients who were treated in the outpatient and inpatient departments of The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2012 to January 2017 and underwent the detection of drug-resistance mutations of the genes in the reverse transcription (RT) polymerase region were enrolled, among whom there were 72 previously untreated patients and 102 treatment-experienced patients with virological breakthrough or poor response. The association between the previous medication history of nucleos(t)ide analogues and the mutation pattern (including rtA181V/T) was evaluated in the treatment-experienced CHB patients. A total of 155 patients were enrolled, among whom 72 patients had no drug-resistance mutations, 45 had rtA181V/T mutation, and 38 had rtA181V/T+rtN236T mutation. The three groups were compared in terms of virologic response and biochemical parameters at baseline and at weeks 24 and 48 of ETV rescue treatment. The t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups; the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison between multiple groups. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. A logistic regression analysis was used to screen out the influencing factors for poor prognosis. ResultsA analysis of the previous medication history of NAs and the mutation patterns for all patients suggested that the patients with the medication history of multiple NAs tended to have multisite mutations and multi-drug resistance (χ2=4295, P<0.05). The level of HBV DNA at the time of virological breakthrough was lower than that at the time of initial administration of NAs in the rtA181V/T mutation group [(6.22±1.48) log10 IU/ml vs (7.08±1.59) log10 IU/ml, t=3.098, P=0.002] and the rtA181V/T+rtN236T mutation group [(5.94±1.45) log10 IU/ml vs (6.94±1.61) log10 IU/ml,t=2.850, P=0.004]. At week 48 of ETV rescue treatment, there were no significant differences between the three groups in HBV DNA negative conversion rate (83.3% vs 82.2% vs 81.6%, P>0.05) and HBeAg negative conversion rate (22.2% vs 17.8% vs 21.1%, P>0.05), and there were also no significant differences in alanine aminotransferase normalization rate (77.1% vs 85.2% vs 83.3%, P>0.05), aspartate aminotransferase normalization rate (80.4% vs 75.9% vs 76.0%, P>0.05), and total bilirubin normalization rate (80.8% vs 79.3% vs 78.1%, P>0.05). HBV DNA level at the beginning of ETV treatment was the risk factor for the treatment outcome of 48-week antiviral therapy (odds ratio = 1.655, 95% confidence interval: 1.128-2.428, P=0.01). ConclusionETV has a good antiviral effect in treatment-experienced CHB patients with rtA181 drug-resistance mutation, and HBV DNA level at the initiation of ETV treatment can predict the outcome of 48-week ETV rescue treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 79-83, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867008

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the reliability and validity of Chinese version of Glasgow antipsychotics side-effect scale (GASS).Methods:Totally 200 patients diagnosed as schizophrenia following the criteria of DSM-IV were enrolled in the study.Cronbach’s α was used to investigate the internal consistency of GASS.Exploring factor analysis was used to examine the construct validity.Pearson correlation analysis between GASS and TESS and CGI sub-scale of side effect were conducted to evaluate the criterion validity.Based on clinical criteria, the sensitivity and specificity and ROC curve was calculated so as to establish the cut-off point of the scale and test discrimination validity.Results:For reliability, Cronbach’s α ws 0.926, indicating that GASS had a good internal consistency.Four main factors were extracted by exploratory factor analysis which were extrapyramidal side effect factor, genitourinary side effect factor, anticholinergic side effect factor, over sedation and cardiovascular side effect factor.For validity, exploring analysis demonstrated that nineteen item of the scale has relatively higher factor load on the principal factor (0.531-0.972), suggesting that the scale had a good construct validity.The total score of the GASS was positively correlated with that of TESS and CGI subscale of side effects( r=0.90, P<0.05; r=0.87, P<0.05). The cut-off point of experimental validity of GASS for mild antipsychotics side effects was determined as ≥1.With this cut-off point, GASS had both high sensitivity (96.3%) and high specificity (70.7%), area under curve (AUC) were 0.78.The cut-off point of GASS for moderate antipsychotics side effects was determined as ≥20, with the sensitivity and specificity of GASS were 86.3% and 84.7%, AUC were 0.92.When the cut-off point of GASS for severe antipsychotics side effects was determined as ≥41, GASS had both high sensitivity (92.1 %) and high specificity (96.3 %), AUC were 0.96. Conclusion:GASS has good reliability and validity and can reflect the side effects of antipsychotics, and it can be adopted as a useful instrument to evaluate the severity of side effects of antipsychotics.

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1811-1814, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862204

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current situation and influencing factors of physical exercise participation of rural primary and secondary school students in Jiangsu Province, and to provide reference for promoting healthy development of rural youth in Northern Jiangsu.@*Methods@#A total of 3 597 rural primary and middle school students in Northern Jiangsu Province were selected to conduct a questionnaire survey on the status quo of physical exercise.@*Results@#Only 37.6% of students in Northern Jiangsu had more than 3 hours of physical education every week, 23.6% of the students participated in extracurricular physical exercise for more than 3 times a week, 14.3% of the students participated in physical exercise for more than 1 hour every day, 77.9% of the students master more than 1 sports skills, 72.0% of students participated in extracurricular activities perceived, and 27.3% of the students participated in extracurricular sports professional counseling; 35.7% of the students reported lack of parental support physical education curriculum lacks of interest, 17.0% of the students didn t like the physical education teachers or their teaching methods, 28.6% of the students reported lack of sports venues or equipment, 8.4% of the students reported that their parents do not support, 38.2% of the students reported lack of extracurricular sports professional guidance, 18.1% of the students think that the performance of physical education didn t affect the evaluation and progress of the school. Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that gender, academic stage, dislike of physical education teaching methods and lack of physical education professional guidance were the influencing factors of physical exercise participation havior of rural students(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The present situation of physical exercise of rural primary and secondary school students in Northern Jiangsu Province is not optimistic. Special attention to the formation of female exercise behavior, improve the teaching quality of rural physical education and support the off campus sports training institutions.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2227-2237, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781642

ABSTRACT

Enzymes are widely used in medical and biopharmaceuticals. They can be used not only for various disease treatments, but also clinical diagnosis. The use of microorganisms to express heterologous proteins has become the easiest and fastest way to obtain enzymes. In order to obtain high concentration and high-quality heterologous proteins, a common method is codon optimization of gene sequences. The traditional codon optimization strategy is mainly based on codon bias and GC content, ignoring complex and varied factors such as translational dynamics and metabolic levels. We provide here comprehensive codon optimization strategy based on gene level, transcriptional level, translational level, post-translational level and metabolic level, mainly including codon bias, codon harmonization, codon sensitivity, adjustment of gene sequence structure and some other influencing factors. We also summarize the aspects of strategy content, theoretical support and application. Besides, the advantages and disadvantages of each strategy are also systematically compared, providing an all-round, multi-level and multi-selection optimization strategy for heterogeneous protein expression, and also providing references for the enzyme industry and biopharmaceuticals.


Subject(s)
Base Composition , Codon
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1227-1229, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799937

ABSTRACT

Teaching rounds is an important part of clinical teaching practice, therefore, we established a demonstration team for teaching ward rounds. By formulating standard operation procedure for teaching rounds and encouraging innovation on teaching models, the team played a demonstration role in the clinical teaching rounds, which not only made up the shortcomings in teaching, but also improved the teaching level of clinical teachers and the quality of clinical training.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 372-377, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789226

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of chemotherapeutic drugs on ER-α expression and methylation in breast cancer cells.Methods Human breast cancer cells MCF-7(ER+,Luminal A) were induced by paclitaxel(PTX) and epirubicin(EPI) for more than 6 months,with an incremental dose,respectively.The expression and methylation status of ER-α in MCF-7 cells were detected before and after drug treatment.miRNAs with consistent expression changes in MCF-7 cells after two drugs' treatment were screened by microarray,and verified by quantitative PCR (qPCR).Targets of the most significantly down-regulated miRNA were analyzed by bioinformatics.miRNA inhibitor was transfected into MCF-7 cells,miRNA mimic was transfected into MCF-7/PTX and MCF-7/EPI cells,then ER-α and DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) expression were detected by Western blot,and ER-α methylation was detected by quantitative methylation-specific PCR (qMSP).Results PTX resistant MCF-7/PTX cell line and EPI resistant MCF-7/EPI cell line were established.Both drug treatments caused a decrease in ER-α protein expression and an increase in methylation levels,with up-regulation of DNMT1 and his tone deacetylase 1 (HDAC 1) expression.miRNAs with consistent expression changes in MCF-7 cells after drug treatments were screened and verified by qPCR,the most significant down-regulation among which was miR-148b.Bioinformatics analysis,and further confirmed by luciferase reporter gene assay (Luciferas) that DNMT1 was a direct target of miR-148b.miR-148b inhibitor induced decreased expression of ER-α and increased methylation level in MCF-7 cells,accompanied by increased expression of DNMT1;whereas miR-148b mimic caused an increased expression of ER-α and decreased methylation level in MCF-7/PTX and MCF-7/EPI cells,with a decreased expression of DNMT1.Conclusion Chemotherapeutic drugs (represented by PTX and EPI) induce aberrant miRNA expression in breast cancer MCF-7 cells,and down-regulate miR-148b further to attenuate the inhibition of DNMT1 expression,which promote,hypermethylation and down-regulation of ER-α.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1227-1229, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824048

ABSTRACT

Teaching rounds is an important part of clinical teaching practice,therefore,we established a demonstration team for teaching ward rounds.By formulating standard operation procedure for teaching rounds and encouraging innovation on teaching models,the team played a demonstration role in the clinical teaching rounds,which not only made up the shortcomings in teaching,but also improved the teaching level of clinical teachers and the quality of clinical training.

16.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 630-633, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752411

ABSTRACT

Objective ToevaluatetheefficacyandsafetyofCT-guidedmicrowaveablation (MWA)forstageIVlungcanceraccompanied withcontrolledsingleintracranialmetastasis.Methods From November2011toOctober2016,78patientsinourhospitaldiagnosed withstageIVnon-smallcelllungcanceraccompaniedwithcontrolledsingleintracranialmetastasiswerestudied.Patientsweredividedintotwo groupsaccordingtowhethertheywerewillingtoacceptlocalMWAtreatmentornot:thegeneralgroup (groupA)with42cases, and MWAgroup(groupB)with36cases.Aftertheintracranialmetastasiswascontrolled,patientsingroupAweretreatedwithGP regimenforsimplechemotherapy,whilepatientsingroupB weretreatedwithlocalMWAcombinedwithGPregimen(gemcitabine combinedwithcisplatin).Allthepatientswerefollowed-upevery3monthsafterthesurgerytoassesstheefficacyandsafetyofthe correspondingtreatment.Thedeadlineofthefollow-upwasJune2017orwhenthetumorrestarteditsdevelopment.Results Thesuccessrateof theMWAofthe39lesionsinthe36patientsingroupBwas100%.TheKaplan-Meiersurvivalanalysisofthefollow-updataofthe twogroupsshowedthattheaverageprogressionfreesurvival(PFS)ofgroupA was(9.9 ± 0.8)monthsandthemedianPFSwas (8.0±0.5)months,whilethePFSofgroupB was (14.1±1.1)monthsandthe medianPFS was (15.0±1.5)months.The Log Rank testshowedthatχ2=8.780andP=0.03<0.05,whichreflectedthatthereweresignificantdifferencesinsurvivaltimebetweenthe twogroups.Theoverallsurvival(OS)ofgroupA was(20.5±1.1)months,andthemedianOSwas(21.0±1.3)months.TheOSof group B was (24.1±1.5)months,andthe median OS was (25.0±3.6)months.The Log Rank testshowedthat χ2=10.57and P=0.02<0.05, whichprovedthattheOSdifferencesbetweenthetwogroupshadstatisticalsignificance.ThemainadverseeffectsofMWA werepain,pleural effusion,pneumothorax,hemoptysis,infectionandsoon.There werenoseriouslife-threateningcomplicationsingroupB.Conclusion LocalMWAtreatmentforstageⅣnon-smallcelllungcancer withcontrolledsingleintracranialmetastasisisasafeandeffective method.Itisworthyofporularizing.

17.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 212-214,219, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744852

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the features of fetus unilateral pulmonary agenesis in antenatal ultrasonography and analyse the causes of misdiagnosed,so that fetus unilateral pulmonary agenesis can be known more deeply.Methods From January 2012 to October 2017,8 fetuses underwent prenatal ultrasound examination of fetal system in Guangdong Maternal and Child Health Hospital.The prenatal ultrasound data and postnatal clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Results Among 8 cases of unilateral pulmonary agenesis,there were 4 males and 4 females,5 cases involving right lung,3 cases involving left lung,3 cases of single lung absence,and 5 cases combined with other deformities.There were 4 cases of induced labor,and 4 cases of surviving children were confirmed unilateral pulmonary agenesis by chest computed tomography (CT) examination.2 cases of missed prenatal diagnosis were left pulmonary agenesis,including 1 case only found left pulmonary artery absence and 1 case only found left axis deviation and cardiac enlargement before delivery.Conclusions Cardiac displacement and absence of left or right pulmonary artery are important clues for prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of fetal unilateral pulmonary absence.Prenatal ultrasound is the preferred method to detect and diagnose fetal unilateral pulmonary absence.

18.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 806-809, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697701

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare prenatal ultrasonography and MRI in view of the accuracy in the diag-nosis of congenital cystic adenmatiod malformation(CAMM)of the lung. Methods From January 2014 to Octo-ber 2015,68 fetus who were examined with both prenatal ultrasonography and MRI and diagnosed as CAMM by pathological findings after operation or autopsy in our study. Taking the final pathological diagnosis of fetal CCAM genotyping as the gold standard,the accuracy of prenatal ultrasonography and MRI were compared in the diagnosis of CAMM of the lung.P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results The alignment degree of prena-tal ultrasound in the diagnosis of CAMM was significantly larger than that of MRI examination to the pathological di-agnosis.Conclusion Prenatal ultrasound is an important method for diagnosing CCAM before pregnancy with high accuracy and affordability.

19.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 809-813, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807488

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the key points of high SMAS facelift.@*Methods@#Forty-six patients who had received high SMAS facelift were included in this study. All the patients had subcutaneous dissection by classic facelift incision. The temporal region dissection was performed superficial to middle temporal fascia to avoid temporal branches injury. The zygomatic ligaments were released by sharp and blunt dissection at malar prominence and zygomatic arch. After sub-SMAS dissection, a complete SMAS-platysma flap was raised including temporal, malar, lower face, neck, and one third or half of the midface.@*Results@#Forty patients had postoprative follow-up for more than one year. Twenty patients showed " excellent" results, eighteen patients had " good" results , two patients " common" . The good and excellent rate was 95%.@*Conclusions@#The key points of high SMAS facelift to achieve ideal outcome depend on the safe dissection of superficial temporal fascia and the release of zygomatic ligaments.

20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 735-738, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712894

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) combined with zoledronic acid in treatment of vertebral metastases. Methods A total of 58 patients with vertebral metastasis in Qingdao Central Hospital from January 2015 to June 2017 were extracted according to simple random sampling method. The data of 58 patients were analyzed retrospectively, and they were divided into 2 groups according to the different radiotherapy technology. The study group (28 cases) received VMAT combined with zoledronic acid treatment, and the control group (30 cases) received general radiotherapy combined with zoledronic acid treatment. The efficacy and tissue damage of the patients in both groups were compared according to the evaluation criterion including the local control rate, pain relief rate, local progression-free survival rate and exposure of the spinal cord. Results The local control rates were 92.9 % (26/28) and 73.3 % (22/30) respectively in the study group and the control group (χ2= 3.869, P=0.049). The pain relief rates were 96.4 % (27/28) and 76.7 % (23/30) respectively (χ2= 4.757, P= 0.029). The local progression-free survival rates of 3-month were 85.7 % (24/28), 60.0 % (18/30) respectively (χ2=4.794, P= 0.029) and the local progression-free survival rates of 6-month were 78.6 % (22/28), 50.0 %(15/30) in the study group and the control group (χ2=5.119, P=0.024). The exposure of the spinal cord was (29.80±0.88) Gy and (39.90±0.20) Gy, respectively (t= -61.083, P= 0.000). Conclusion VMAT combined with zoledronic acid can improve the local control rate, pain relief rate, local progression-free survival rate, and reduce the exposure of the spinal cord.

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