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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1451-1454, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the cause for a twin pregnancy with false negative result for 22q11.2 deletion syndrome by expanded non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT-plus).@*METHODS@#A pregnant woman with twin pregnancy through in-vitro fertilization and negative result of NIPT-plus was selected as the study subject. Amniocentesis was conducted after ultrasonic finding of fetal abnormalities. In addition to conventional G-banded karyotyping, copy number variation sequencing (CNV-Seq) was used to detect chromosomal microdeletion and microduplication. Clinical data of the woman were analyzed to explore the reasons underlying the false negative result.@*RESULTS@#NIPT-plus has yielded a negative result with 11.77 Mb unique reads and 3.05% fetal fraction. Both fetuses had a normal karyotype (46,XY and 46,XX). CNV-seq indicated that one of the fetuses was normal, whilst the other was diagnosed with a 2.58 Mb deletion in the 22q11.2 region.@*CONCLUSION@#The false negative result may be attributed to the combined influence of low fetal fraction, high BMI, twin pregnancy through IVF and a relatively small deletion fragment. Ultrasonography exam following a low-risk result of NIPT-plus should not be neglected.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Prenatal Diagnosis , Pregnancy, Twin/genetics , DiGeorge Syndrome/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Amniocentesis
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1236-1240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology for a Chinese pedigree affected with Meckel syndrome.@*METHODS@#A pedigree with a history of three consecutive adverse pregnancies which presented at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University on August 31, 2017 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the pedigree were collected. High-throughput sequencing was carried out to screen for variants of ciliopathy-related genes in the third fetus following induced abortion, and candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The first pregnancy of the couple had ended as spontaneous abortion, whilst the fetus of the second pregnancy was suspected for having ciliopathy, though no genetic testing was carried out following elected abortion. The fetus of the third pregnancy was suspected for having ciliopathy, and high-throughput sequencing and Sanger sequencing had shown that the fetus had harbored compound heterozygous variants of the TMEM67 gene, including c.978+1G>A from the father and c.1288G>C (p.D430H) from the mother. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the c.978+1G>A was classified as a pathogenic variant (PVS1+PM2_Supporting+PP5), whilst the newly discovered c.1288G>C (p.D430H) was classified as a likely pathogenic variant (PM2_Supporting+PM3+PM5+PP3).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.978+1G>A and c.1288G>C (p.D430H) compound heterozygous variants of the TMEM67 gene probably underlay the three consecutive adverse pregnancies suspected for ciliopathy in this pedigree. The discovery of c.1288G>C (p.D430H) has also expanded the mutational spectrum of the TMEM67 gene.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Pedigree , East Asian People , Ciliary Motility Disorders/genetics , Ciliopathies , Abortion, Spontaneous , Membrane Proteins/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 555-561, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990218

ABSTRACT

Objective:To review relevant research on the application of self-help intervention model in adult depression patients, analyze the main characteristics and application effects of self-help intervention model, in order to provide reference for related research in this field.Methods:According to the methodological framework of the scope review, searched 12 Chinese and English databases including CNKI, Wanfang, PubMed, Web of Science, etc. from the establishment of the database until April 20, 2021, and sorted and analyzed the obtained documents according to the inclusion and exclusion standards.Results:A total of 45 documents were included, of which only 5 were from China; the included studies were mainly based on the Internet platform, using cognitive behavioral therapy, reading therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, and problem-solving therapy for intervention; the duration of the intervention was 3 weeks to 4 months, participants complete an intervention module or read a specified number of chapters every 3 to 7 days on average, and receive regular guidance and supervision from the intervention facilitator every 1-2 weeks. The total contact time with the facilitator was 80-160 minutes. Various modes of self-help intervention based on the Internet could effectively improve the negative emotions of patients with depression.Conclusions:The self-help intervention model has shown good results in the treatment of patients with depression, but there is a lack of local intervention research in China, and there is no clear standard for the number of interventions and the length of the intervention guide. Under the general trend of "Internet + medical health", it is necessary to actively construct a self-help intervention model for depression with Chinese cultural characteristics, and form a systematic and standardized intervention strategy to address the many obstacles in time, location, resources and cost of people with depression, and finally achieve the purpose of improving the patients′ depressive symptoms and helping them to restore their social functions.

4.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 655-659, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989836

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the factors influencing the clinical outcome of complex high-risk indicated patients percutaneous coronary intervention (CHIP-PCI) assisted by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).Methods:The clinical data of patients with CHIP-PCI assisted by ECMO in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from April 2018 to April 2022 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Patients were divided into the survival and death groups according to the in-hospital survival status. The baseline characteristic, the results of coronary angiography, and the use of ECMO, blood products and drug were compared between the two groups. The 24-h rate of change of biochemical test indicators after the use of ECMO were calculated and the univariate analysis was analyzed using rank sum test. According to the univariate analysis, the variables ( P<0.05) were included in multivariate logistic regression to analyze the factors affecting the clinical outcomes of patients. Results:A total of 67 CHIP patients who completed PCI with ECMO were included. In the survival group ( n=36), the duration of ECMO treatment was 59 (41, 87) h, 9 cases received continuous renal replacement therapy, and 11 cases received IABP. In the death group ( n=31), the duration of ECMO treatment was 31 (19, 80) h, 12 cases received continuous renal replacement therapy and10 cases received IABP. The proportion of patients with chronic total occlusion lesions (CTOs) in the survival group was lower than that in the death group, the duration of ECMO of the survival group was longer than that of the death group ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that 24-h lactate change rate ( OR=2.864, 95% CI: 1.185-6.918, P=0.019), 24-h eGFR change rate ( OR=0.050, 95% CI: 0.003-0.871, P=0.040), 24-h D-dimer change rate ( OR=1.497, 95% CI: 1.044-2.146, P=0.028) and 24-h direct bilirubin change rate ( OR=2.617, 95% CI: 1.121-6.111, P=0.026) were associated with in-hospital mortality. Conclusions:Within 24 h after CHIP-PCI assisted by ECMO, the rapid decline in lactic acid, D-dimer and direct bilirubin, and the rapid recovery of eGFR, are associated with the decreased risk of hospital mortality from CHIP.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 463-466, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the clinical efficacy and safety of a fractional CO 2 laser and a 1 064 nm, Q-switched Nd∶YAG laser therapy in the treatment of xanthelasma palpebrarum. Methods:From October 2020 to October 2021, 30 patients (5 males and 25 females) with bilateralxanthelasma palpebrarum of the eyelid were enrolled in the Department of Dermatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University. The age ranged from 38 to 67 (51±7) years. One side was randomly treated with fractional CO 2 laser as the fractional group, and the other side was treated with Q-switch 1 064 nm Nd∶YAG laser as the Q-switch group. The treatment was given every 28 days for 4 times. Before treatment and 1 month after the last treatment, the general pictures were taken to compare the clinical effect. Skin ultrasound was used to measure the difference of tumor thickness before and after treatment. The incidence of adverse reactions, such as local scar, hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation after inflammation, were recorded. Results:Under general photos, there was statistically significant difference in efficacy scores between the two groups before and after treatment ( Z=-3.082, P<0.05). By comparison of tumor thickness under skin ultrasound, the difference between the two groups before and after treatment was statistically significant ( t=21.60, P<0.05; t=17.29, P<0.05); there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups before treatment ( t=0.46, P=0.650), but there was statistically significant difference between the two groups after treatment ( t=8.41, P<0.001). No serious adverse reactions occurred in both groups. Conclusions:Fractional CO 2 laser or Q-switch 1 064 nm Nd∶YAG laser can safely and effectively improve xanthelasma palpebrarum, in which the effect of fractional CO 2 laser is much better.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 33-37, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908536

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the safety of different peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) dressing replacement frequencies in preterm infants.Method:From June 2017 to February 2020, preterm infants were enrolled in this prospective randomized controlled study. Preterm infants with PICC were randomly assigned into 7 d, 11 d and 14 d dressing replacement groups using online randomization software. Polyurethane transparent dressing and the same dressing replacement method were used in all three groups. The incidences of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) and positive skin bacterial culture at dressing site were compared among the three groups.Result:A total of 296 cases were enrolled, including 96 cases in the 7 d group, 108 cases in the 11 d group and 92 cases in the 14 d group. The incidences of CRBSI in three groups were 2.5/1 000 catheter day in 7 d group, 1.1/1 000 catheter day in 11 d group and 0.8/1 000 catheter day in 14 d group. The incidences of catheter pathogen colonization were 1.0% in 7 d group, 0.9% in 11 d group and 0% in 14 d group. The positive rates of skin bacterial culture at dressing site were 1.0% in 7 d group, 2.8% in 11d group and 2.2% in 14 d group. The incidences of PICC exit site infection in three groups were 1.0% in 7 d group, 0.9% in 11d group and 1.1% in 14 d group and no significant differences existed among the groups ( P>0.05). Gram-positive cocci were the main bacteria [91.7% (11/12)] of CRBSI and skin bacterial culture at dressing site and gram negative bacilli accounted for 8.3% (1/12). No fungal infection were found. Conclusion:It is safe to replace the PICC dressing in premature infants as needed within 14 days if the dressing is intact without curling, bleeding and exudation.

7.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 960-963, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908400

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of children′s awareness of disaster prevention and self-rescue ability in Mianyang area, provide reference for the development of scientific training programs on children′s disaster knowledge, and improve children′s survival ability during the disaster occurence.Methods:Through literature review and expert consultation, the questionnaire was designed by ourselves.Multi-stage sampling method was used to investigate 2 162 cases from county (city) high school, junior high school and primary school in Mianyang area.Results:8.3% of children had weak disaster awareness.Children had a good understanding of disaster related knowledge, with the highest alarm call awareness rate of 91.8%, fire, flood, earthquake escape and earthquake warning score of 86.5%, 84.2%, 84.2%, 83.0%.Cardiopulmonary resuscitation and fire hydrant operation awareness rate was very low (58.8%, 57.4%). Even some children still chose improper escape behavior.The scores of early warning knowledge and first aid skill were correlated with gender and age.In knowledge of disaster precursors, using of fire extinguishers and hydrants, and first aid skills, the scores of boys were significantly higher than those of girls ( P<0.001). Except for fire-related knowledge, gas leakage escape and shelter awareness rate, the older the children were, the higher the scores were ( P<0.05). The scores of early warning, escape knowledge and first aid skills were correlated with the location of home, and the differences were significant ( P>0.001). More than 80.0% of children chose flashlights, food and water, and emergency kits, while 65.0% to 75.0% children thought it was not necessary to prepare a radio, telephone directory, and cash. Conclusion:Children′s awareness of disaster reduction and self-rescue ability are generally good, but there are still insufficient first-aid skills and improper choice of escape behavior.The education of disaster awareness and self-rescue ability should be strengthened in children′s basic education so as to reduce the casualties of children caused by disasters.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 653-662, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875644

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for improving the mechanism of drug supervision in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. METHODS :Based on the evolutionary game theory ,the stakeholders of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area in the stage of drug safety supervision were identified ;the evolutionary game model was established so as to obtain the behavioral selection and evolutionary stability strategy of the each party through and put forward the suggestions for improving the mechanism of drug supervision in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:Based on evolutionary game theory ,the three-party evolutionary game model of drug administration ,drug inspection and manufacturing enterprises was established. According to the model established in this study ,it could be concluded that:when the compliance cost of the production enterprise was less than the sum of the violation cost and the bribery cost minus the additional income ,or less than the sum of violation cost and punishment and reputation lossminus the additional income ,the manufacturing enterprises could achieve the equilibrium state of compliance production ;the supervision probability was inversely proportional to the supervision cost ,and strict inspection was inversely proportional to inspection cost ;compliance productivity rate and strict detection rate were in direct proportion to the intensity of supervision and penalties ;the higher the supervision probability was,the higher the strict detection rate was ,and the compliance productivity would gradually increase. It is proposed to link enterprise information files ,lay the foundation of four party cogovernance ;introduce the “cost-benefit”supervision system ,make reasonable use of the third-party inspection institutions ;clarify the boundary of personnel responsibility ,and use the intelligent system for real-time supervision so as to promote the improvement of drug safety supervision in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Ba y Area.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 871-874, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826467

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a sporadic case with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from the patient, his unaffected parents and 100 healthy controls. The NF1 gene was detected by PCR and direct sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to carry a novel nonsense variant c.4339C>T (p.Q1447X) in exon 33 of the NF1 gene. The same variant was not found in his unaffected parents and the 100 healthy controls.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.4339C>T (p.Q1447X) variant probably underlies the pathogenesis of NF1 in this patient.

10.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 327-330, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826361

ABSTRACT

To investigate cerebral autoregulation(CA)in patients with severe unilateral carotid artery stenosis by near infrared spectroscopy. Thirty patients who underwent general anesthesia in our hospital from January 2015 to February 2017 were enrolled in this study.The stenosis group included 15 patients with severe unilateral internal carotid artery stenosis,and the control group included 15 patients without carotid artery stenosis.Both groups were matched in sex and age.Cerebral tissue oxygenation index(TOI)and mean arterial pressure were recorded continuously under stable general anesthesia.The Pearson correlation coefficient()was calculated to judge the CA status. TOI was not significantly different between the stenosis side and the non-stenosis side in the stenosis group(66.52±6.50 65.23±4.50;=0.93, =0.368)or between the stenosis side in the stenosis group and the stenosis side in the control group(66.52±6.50 64.22±3.87;=1.18, =0.248).The values of stenosis side and non-stenosis side in the stenosis group were 0.36±0.12 and 0.17±0.11,respectively,and the values of the stenosis side in the stenosis group and the stenosis side of the control group were 0.36±0.12 and 0.13±0.08,respectively.In the stenosis group,5 patients had transient ischemic attack and 2 patients had a history of stroke within 3 months before operation.When an value of 0.342 was used as the judgment point of CA abnormality,the sensitivity and specificity were 0.625 and 0.909,respectively. Within the range of normal blood pressure fluctuation,cerebral blood flow is linked to blood pressure at the stenosis side in patients with severe unilateral carotid artery stenosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Carotid Stenosis , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Homeostasis , Ischemic Attack, Transient
11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1216-1219, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801249

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of Rosuvastatin on fasting plasma glucose after coronary stent implantation in elderly patients with non-diabetes mellitus.@*Methods@#A total of 216 non-diabetic elderly patients undergoing coronary stent implantation in our hospital from November 2015 to April 2018 were enrolled, with a follow-up in the cardiovascular department after discharge from the Hospital.The demographic data, follow-up time, and laboratory results at hospital admission and the last outpatient visit were collected retrospectively.@*Results@#At the end of follow-up, Fasting plasma glucose(FPG)was increased in 191 patients with normal baseline FPG level as compared with the baseline level(t=-3.783, P=0.000). The incidence of new-onset diabetes was higher in the pre-diabetes group than in the normal blood glucose group(24.0% vs.2.6%, χ2=16.72, P=0.000).@*Conclusions@#Rosuvastatin increases fasting blood glucose levels in elderly non-diabetic patients after coronary stent implantation.Pre-diabetes may increase the risk for rosuvastatin-associated new-onset diabetes.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1560-1562, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800271

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the duration of intestinal detoxification and its related factors infected with Norovirus, and to provide scientific evidences for the prevention and control of acute gastroenteritis caused by Norovirus in the future.@*Methods@#Follow up and sampling program on 115 employees in a restaurant outbreak of Norovirus in Chengdu in 2017 was carried out. Anal swab was collected every 3 d or 7 d for nucleic acid detection, and the experimental results were statistically analyzed.@*Results@#The positive rates of Norovirus in restaurant employee were 14.78%, 7.89%, 3.51% and 0.88% on the 7th, 11th, 17th and 24th day, respectively. During the follow-up period, the positive rates of Norovirus decreased as time increased. The positive rate of all employees was up to 14.78% on the 7th day. The positive rates had no significant difference between different sex and between different types of work. The duration of detoxification averaged 14.94 days and the maximum of detoxification time was on 28 days. The detoxification period of treatment case was shorter than that of asymptomatic carriers.@*Conclusions@#There were asymptomatic carriers in restaurant employees during the outbreak of Norovirus that their role as a source of infection in the transmission of Norovirus should not be neglected. In the treatment of the epidemic, we should strengthen the sampling and testing of practitioners, and strictly implement isolation measures for positive detection.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1216-1219, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824537

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Rosuvastatin on fasting plasma glucose after coronary stent implantation in elderly patients with non-diabetes mellitus.Methods A total of 216 nondiabetic elderly patients undergoing coronary stent implantation in our hospital from November 2015 to April 2018 were enrolled,with a follow-up in the cardiovascular department after discharge from the Hospital.The demographic data,follow-up time,and laboratory results at hospital admission and the last outpatient visit were collected retrospectively.Results At the end of follow-up,Fasting plasma glucose(FPG)was increased in 191 patients with normal baseline FPG level as compared with the baseline level(t =-3.783,P =0.000).The incidence of new-onset diabetes was higher in the pre-diabetes group than in the normal blood glucose group(24.0% vs.2.6%,x2 =16.72,P =0.000).Conclusions Rosuvastatin increases fasting blood glucose levels in elderly non-diabetic patients after coronary stent implantation.Pre-diabetes may increase the risk for rosuvastatin-associated new-onset diabetes.

14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 841-852, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776474

ABSTRACT

Isolation rearing (IR) enhances aggressive behavior, and the central serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) system has been linked to IR-induced aggression. However, whether the alteration of central serotonin is the cause or consequence of enhanced aggression is still unknown. In the present study, using mice deficient in central serotonin Tph2 and Lmx1b, we examined the association between central serotonin and aggression with or without social isolation. We demonstrated that central serotonergic neurons are critical for the enhanced aggression after IR. 5-HT depletion in wild-type mice increased aggression. On the other hand, application of 5-HT in Lmx1b mice inhibited the enhancement of aggression under social isolation conditions. Dopamine was downregulated in Lmx1b mice. Similar to 5-HT, L-DOPA decreased aggression in Lmx1b mice. Our results link the serotoninergic system directly to aggression and this may have clinical implications for aggression-related human conditions.

15.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 602-605, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755615

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of partial neuromuscular blockade (NMB) on the efficacy and safety of nerve monitoring during microvascular decompression (MVD) of facial nerve.Methods Seventy American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients of both sexes,aged 39-78 yr,weighing 44-84 kg,scheduled for elective MVD,were divided into 2 groups (n=35 each) using a random number table method:control group and partial NMB group.Anesthesia was induced by intravenous injection of 3-fold ED95 cisatracurium.In control group,muscle relaxants were not used after intubation.In partial NMB group,cisatracurium was continuously infused intravenously to maintain partial NMB,and the T1/Tc ratio was maintained at 20%-40%.Intraoperative neuroelectrophysiological monitoring was performed using lateral spread response (LSR).The success rates of LSR monitoring,occurrence of body movement,requirement for anesthetics and cardiovascular agents were recorded during operation,and the patients were followed up on day 7 after surgery,and the therapeutic efficacy and occurrence of neurological complications were recorded.Results Compared with control group,the incidence of intraoperative body movement was significantly decreased,the intraoperative consumption of propofol and remifentanil was decreased,and the intraoperative requirement for vasopressors was decreased in partial NMB group (P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the success rate of LSR monitoring,therapeutic efficacy and incidence of neurological complications between two groups (P>0.05).Conclusion Partial NMB (T1/Tc=20%-40%) can be effectively used for MVD monitored by LSR,decrease the occurrence of the body movement,and raise the perioperative safety in patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 489-492, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688208

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect mutations of the NF1 gene in two sporadic cases with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and explore their molecular mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of the two patients was collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples. Specific primers were designed to exclude pseudogenes. PCR was performed to amplify all coding exons of the NF1 gene. PCR products were directly sequenced.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two novel mutations of the NF1 gene (c.1019-1020delCT in exon 9 and c.7189G to A in exon 48) were respectively identified in the two patients but not among their unaffected parents or 100 healthy controls.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mutations of the NF1 gene may have predisposed to the NF1 in the two patients.</p>

17.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 717-720, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696893

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the diagnostic value of parameters derived from intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) in cervical cancer and to explore the correlation of parameters between DCE-MRI and IVIM-DWI.Methods MRI data of 30 patients with cervical cancer confirmed by surgical pathology and 26 patients with normal cervix confirmed by clinical or MRI examination were analyzed retrospectively.All patients underwent IVIM-DWI and DCE-MRI.The IVIM-DWI was performed to calculate the values of ADC,D,D* and f.The values of Ktrans,Kep and Ve were measured on DCE-MRI.All parameters between cervical cancer and normal cervix were compared by two independent sample t-test.Diagnostic efficacy of these parameters in cervical cancer group was evaluated by using area under curve(AUC).The correlation of these parameters between IVIM-DWI and DCE-MRI was analyzed by Pearson correlation.Results The D*,f,Ktrans,Kep and Ve in cervical cancer were significantly higher than those in normal cervix.The ADC and D in cervical cancer were significantly lower than those in normal cervix.The differences of these parameters between the two groups were statistically significant (P <0.05).The AUC of Ktrans was the maximum (0.958),with diagnostic sensitivity of 86.7% and specificity of 100%.F and K were positively correlated (r=0.446,P<0.05).F and Kep were positively correlated (r=0.400,P<0.05).Conclusion IVIM-DWI and DCE-MRI can improve the diagnostic value of cervical cancer.DCE-MRI has better diagnostic performance than IVIM-DWI.Significantly positive correlations were found between perfusion paramenters from IVIM-DWI and quantitative perfusion paramenters from DCE-MRI.

18.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1103-1107, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608828

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of epidural ropivacaine block combined with propofol intravenous anesthesia on CaMKⅡ and ERK1/2 total protein (T-CaMKⅡ and T-ERK1/2) and phosphorylation(p-CaMKⅡ and p-ERK1/2) levels in the hippocampus and cortex of rats.Methods Rats were randomly assigned to three groups: group P(control,propofol intravenous anesthesia),group PS(propofol and epidural normal saline) and group PR(propofol and epidural 0.5% ropivacaine).Anesthesia were performed in 72 h after epidural catheter placement.The rats in group PR received 70 μL of 0.5% ropivacaine to achieve epidural block.1% propofol was infused through rats caudal vein.Propofol dosage for anesthesia induction was 12 mg/kg,for anesthesia maintenance was 40 mg/(kg·h).Before the rats were decapitated,the depth of anaesthesia was assessed as either light anesthesia or deep anesthesia by checking of pinch withdrawalreflex,eyelid reflex and spontaneous rapid whisking of the vibrissae after propofol continuous infusion for 1 h.T-CaMKⅡ/T-ERK1/2 and p-CaMKⅡ/p-ERK1/2 in hippocampus and frontal cortex were examined by Western blot.Results 7 rats were assessed as light anesthesia and one rat as deep anesthesia in group P;6 rats were assessed as light anesthesia and 2 rats as deep anesthesia in group PS;in group PR,1 rat was assessed as light anesthesia and 7 rats as deep anesthesia.Significant differences were seen among three groups (P<0.05).In hippocampus of rats,p-CaMKⅡ(Thr286)43.7%±8.8% and p-ERK1/2 32.4%±7.9% in group PR were significantly lower than those in group P (100%,P<0.05).Conclusions Epidural ropivacaine block may strengthen the depth of anesthesia achieved with propofol intravenous anesthesia.The decrease of p-CaMKⅡ(Thr286) and p-ERK1/2 in hippocampus of rats may explain the effects of epidural block.

19.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1084-1087, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686668

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of diffusion tensor imaging(DTI) in neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy(HIE).Methods 37 cases of full-term neonates diagnosed as HIE by pediatricians and 12 normal neonates were selected.All subjects underwent MRI and DTI at 3.0 Tesla.The correlation of FA value in posterior limb of internal capsule and neonatal NBNA score was examined.Results The FA values in posterior limb of internal capsule, splenium had significant difference between the HIE group (mild group, moderate group, severe group) and control group (P0.05).The FA in posterior limb of internal capsule and NBNA score(12-14 d;26-28 d)showed significant correlation (r=0.96,P<0.05),as well as the sequelae shape (r=0.87,P<0.05).Conclusion DTI is promising for early diagnosis of anisotropic index changes to evaluate HIE brain damage and prognosis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 50-52, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488802

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of type Ⅶ collagen (COL7A1) gene in the pathogenesis of pretibial dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DDEB-Pt).Methods Peripheral blood samples were obtained from a sporadic Chinese patient of Han nationality with DDEB-Pt,his parents and 100 healthy human controls.A modified salting-out method was used to extract genomic DNA from the blood samples,and PCR was performed to amplify 118 exons of the COL7A1 gene followed by DNA sequencing.Results A G→A mutation was identified at position 6109 (G6109A) in exon 78 of the COL7A1 gene in this patient,which caused a change from GCT to ACT at codon 2037 in the triple helix region,and resulted in the substitution of glycine (Gly) by arginine (Arg) (p.Gly2037Arg).Conclusion A novel glycine substitution mutation was identified in the COL7A1 gene in the patient with DDEB-Pt,which may be a pathogenic mutation.

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