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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 324-327, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005404

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the prevalence and influencing factors of poor vision among 3 014 primary school students in Wucheng District, Jinhua City, in order to provide evidence for the intervention measures of poor vision.METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study, a self-designed questionnaire was done, including general conditions and influencing factors of vision. The international standard logarithmic visual acuity chart was used for visual acuity detection. The risk factors that were statistically significant among the single factor groups were used as independent variables for multivariate Logistic regression analysis.RESULTS: A total of 1 367 students with poor vision were detected, the detection rate was 45.36%, among which mild poor vision rare was 26.08%; moderate rate was 11.51%; and severe rate was 7.76%. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that senior grades, parental myopia, daily insufficient sleep and outdoor activity, overuse of electronics or computers and no eye exercise were risk factors for poor vision.CONCLUSION: The rate of poor vision among the primary school students was severe, schools should take measures to improve and prevent students' poor vision by increasing outdoor activity time, correcting poor reading and writing posture, and reducing the time spent on electronic products.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 302-304, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994325

ABSTRACT

This article introduced the research design and main results of the article " Effect of Moderate and Vigorous Aerobic Exercise on Incident Diabetes in Adults with Obesity: A 10-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Clinical Trial" recently published in JAMA Internal Medicine, and addressed the scientific significance of the study. The importance of obesity management has been well discussed recently. This study investigated obesity management strategies for obese individuals and their long-term metabolic benefits.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 755-759, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993887

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension is a common disease in the elderly, with a higher prevalence in people 65 years and older.Pulmonary hypertension is mainly caused by left heart disease and pulmonary disease and/or hypoxia in the elderly.The clinical symptoms are lack of specificity and the treatment varies according to different types of disease.The prevention is mainly based on the prevention and treatment of underlying causes and the prognosis is closely related to the underlying diseases, mean pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary vascular resistance and right heart function.This article will combine the related progress to introduce the characteristics and the principles of diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension in the elderly.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 229-234, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993179

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of standard treatment with or without adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with highly malignant non-metastatic prostate cancer.Methods:In this prospective non-randomized controlled study, consecutive non-metastatic prostate cancer patients with pathologically proven Gleason score of 9-10 or Gleason score of 5 admitted to Peking University First Hospital were enrolled. Four to six cycles of chemotherapy using docetaxel ± carboplatin regimen were added or not after standard radical therapy. The primary end point was 5-year event-free survival (EFS), and the secondary end points were distant metastasis-free survival (MFS), overall survival (OS), and treatment-related adverse events. The survival curve was drawn by Kaplan-Meier method. The differences between two groups were analyzed by log-rank test.Results:A total of 176 patients were consecutively enrolled from November 2019 to January 2022 of which 138 patients received only standard radical therapy (control group), and 38 patients received adjuvant chemotherapy after standard radical therapy (chemotherapy group). The median follow-up time was 13.4 (2.0-34.0) months. All patients survived. The 30-month EFS rates in the chemotherapy and control groups were 100% and 85.6%, respectively ( P=0.064). There were no events in the chemotherapy group, while there were 12 cases of events in the control group, including 6 cases of biochemical recurrence and 6 cases of imaging progression. The 30-month MFS rates in two groups were 100% and 91.9%, respectively ( P=0.205). After the 1 vs. 2 propensity score matching, the EFS and MFS rates in two groups were 100% vs. 85.7% ( P=0.056), and 100% vs. 92.2% ( P=0.209), respectively. The incidence rates of grade 2 and above urinary toxicity in the chemotherapy and control groups were 2.6% and 7.2% ( P=0.354), respectively. The incidence rates of grade 2 and above rectal toxicity were 5.3% and 5.1% ( P=0.711), respectively. Grade 3 and above chemotherapy-related toxicity in the chemotherapy group were leukopenia (31.6%), thrombocytopenia (2.6%) and alopecia (13.2%). Conclusion:The addition of adjuvant chemotherapy after standard radical therapy tends to improve the overall EFS of patients with highly malignant prostate cancer, and the adverse effects are tolerable, which should be confirmed by long-term follow-up results.

5.
Nutrition Research and Practice ; : 371-385, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977290

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES@#Soy isoflavone (SIF) and soy lecithin (SL) have beneficial effects on many chronic diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases. Regretfully, there is little evidence to show the combined effects of these soy extractives on the impairment of cognition and abnormal cerebral blood flow (CBF). This study examined the optimal combination dose of SIF + SL to provide evidence for improving CBF and protecting cerebrovascular endothelial cells.MATERIALS/METHODS: In vivo study, SIF50 + SL40, SIF50 + SL80 and SIF50 + SL160 groups were obtained. Morris water maze, laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI), and hematoxylineosin staining were used to detect learning and memory impairment, CBF, and damage to the cerebrovascular tissue in rat. The 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and the oxidized glutathione (GSSG) were detected. The anti-oxidative damage index of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) in the serum of an animal model was also tested. In vitro study, an immortalized mouse brain endothelial cell line (bEND.3 cells) was used to confirm the cerebrovascular endothelial cell protection of SIF + SL. In this study, 50 μM of Gen were used, while the 25, 50, or 100 μM of SL for different incubation times were selected first. The intracellular levels of 8-OHdG, SOD, GSH, and GSSG were also detected in the cells. @*RESULTS@#In vivo study, SIF + SL could increase the target crossing times significantly and shorten the total swimming distance of rats. The CBF in the rats of the SIF50 + SL40 group and SIF50 + SL160 group was enhanced. Pathological changes, such as attenuation of the endothelium in cerebral vessels were much less in the SIF50 + SL40 group and SIF50 + SL160 group. The 8-OHdG was reduced in the SIF50 + SL40 group. The GSSG showed a significant decrease in all SIF + SL pretreatment groups, but the GSH showed an opposite result. SOD was upregulated by SIF + SL pretreatment. Different combinations of Genistein (Gen)+SL, the secondary proof of health benefits found in vivo study, showed they have effective antioxidation and less side reaction on protecting cerebrovascular endothelial cell. SIF50 + SL40 in rats experiment and Gen50 + SL25 in cell test were the optimum joint doses on alleviating cognitive impairment and regulating CBF through protecting cerebrovascular tissue by its antioxidant activity. @*CONCLUSIONS@#SIF+SL could significantly prevent cognitive defect induced by β-Amyloid through regulating CBF. This kind of effect might be attributed to its antioxidant activity on protecting cerebral vessels.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 946-950, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976573

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Flexibleis an important classification of flat foot. Flatfoot occurs due to a variety of reasons and causes the medial longitudinal arch to collapse or disappear. However, many children still do not develop a normal foot arch as the grow, and a failure to intervene in a timely manner will greatly harm a child s normal mobility development. Timely detection and intervention are the key to improve the prognosis. There is a lack of uniform quantitative criteria for the diagnosis of flexible flatfoot. Currently, the commonly used diagnostic methods include physical examination, foot printing, plantar pressure test and imaging examination. This article reviews the risk factors, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of Flexible Flatfoot.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1015-1020, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009250

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of a very early-onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD) type 28 child with atypical clinical manifestations.@*METHODS@#A VEO-IBD type 28 child with atypical clinical manifestations admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University on November 5, 2021 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the child was collected. Peripheral venous blood samples of the child and his parents were collected for high-throughput sequencing. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#The child, a 50-day-old male, had manifested bronchitis, ulcerative stomatitis, eczema and slightly loose stool. High-throughput sequencing revealed that he has harbored compound heterozygous variants of the IL-10RA gene, namely c.299T>G (p.V100G) and c.301C>T (p.R101W), which were inherited from his father and mother, respectively. Bioinformatic analysis showed that both variants have been recorded in the HGMD database, though the c.299T>G variant has not been included in the gnomAD, 1000 Genomes, ExAC and ESP6500 databases, while the c.301C>T variant has a low population frequency. Both variants were predicted to be deleterious by the online software including SIFT, PolyPhen-2 and Mutation Taster. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), both variants were predicted to be pathogenic (PS3+PM2_Supporting+PP3).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.299T>G and c.301C>T variants of the IL-10RA gene probably underlay the VEO-IBD type 28 in this child. Above finding has expanded the phenotypic spectrum of VEO-IBD type 28 due to variants of the IL-10RA gene and provided a reference for the clinical diagnosis of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Male , Computational Biology , Diarrhea , Gene Frequency , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/genetics , Mutation
8.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 971-974, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995047

ABSTRACT

This study reported the diagnosis and treatment of cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase deficiency (PORD) in a male infant. The patient was admitted to Children's Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University at the age of 38 days due to nasal obstruction and feeding difficulties presented at 10 d after birth, as well as less weight gain. Physical examination showed craniosynostoses, hand and foot deformities, and normal external genitalia. Laboratory examination revealed mildly elevated serum adrenocorticotrophic hormone and decreased level of baseline cortisol. A homozygous mutation of c.1370G>A(p.R457H) in POR gene was detected by whole-exome sequencing, which confirmed the diagnosis of PORD. Skeletal deformities complicated by external genital malformations and/or adrenocortical hormone abnormalities are important diagnostic indicators for PORD.

9.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 666-670, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006658

ABSTRACT

Combined with the relevant policies promulgated by the state, the paper elaborates three basic modes of prescription refill management for chronic diseases: community model, pharmacy model, and distribution model. Then from multiple perspectives including the internal strengths and weaknesses of chronic disease management reform, as well as external opportunities and threats, the paper uses the SWOT analysis method to analyze the feasibility of establishing and popularizing the management of refilled prescriptions for chronic diseases during the COVID-19 epidemic and the advantages and disadvantages of carrying out this management mode. At the same time, medical institutions, doctors and patients are required to change the concept of chronic disease management mode in the context of COVID-19 prevention and control. On the premise of ensuring the safety of patients’ medication and the safety of national medical insurance funds during this period, we should promote the implementation of prescription refills for chronic diseases.

10.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1202-1208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013009

ABSTRACT

There are specific ethical requirements and review principles for submitting papers or reports in medical academic journals. Researchers often consult the ethics committee on the rationality of the ethical requirements of journals at the (to be) submission stage, or ask for assistance in solving the ethical review requirements of journals: applying for ethical review for the clinical research to which submitted papers or research reports. Based on the perspective of hospital ethics committee, this paper discussed the ethical review requirements of academic journals for clinical research papers or reports. Combined with the practice of handling clinical research authors’ demands, the current situation of applying for ethical review, common problems and cases, this paper put forward three suggestions: academic journals should concretize the ethical review requirements of submitted papers or reports; researchers should internalize "ethics first" in their hearts, and conduct research according to laws and regulations; ethics committee should give full play to positive guidance and services, and cooperate with clinical research management departments to strengthen and complete the supervision of clinical research. So as to provide ideas for further standardizing the publication of clinical research papers and reports.

11.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 79-86, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934593

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of acupuncture plus Dang Gui Bu Xue Qu Feng Tang for benign essential blepharospasm (BEB). Methods: A prospective randomized controlled trial was performed. A total of 105 participants were randomized 1:1:1 into an acupuncture group, a herbal medicine group and an acupuncture plus herbal medicine group. Participants in the acupuncture group received manual acupuncture treatment, twice a week. Participants in the herbal medicine group received Dang Gui Bu Xue Qu Feng Tang, oral administration, once a day. Participants in the acupuncture plus herbal medicine group received both treatments. The therapeutic effects of the three groups were evaluated after four weeks of treatment. The primary outcome was the Jankovic rating scale (JRS) score, and the secondary outcome was the blepharospasm disability index (BSDI) score. Results: After four weeks of treatment, the JRS total scores significantly decreased in all three groups versus baseline (P<0.05). A greater reduction in the JRS total score was reported in participants in the acupuncture plus herbal medicine group (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the acupuncture group and the herbal medicine group (P>0.05). The acupuncture plus herbal medicine group had a greater decrease in the JRS severity score than the herbal medicine group (P<0.05). The reduction in the JRS frequency score was not significantly different among the three groups (P>0.05). The BSDI scores significantly decreased in all three groups versus baseline (P<0.05), but the reduction in the BSDI score was insignificantly different among the three groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: It is effective in the treatment of BEB either to use acupuncture and Dang Gui Bu Xue Qu Feng Tang alone or in combination. The combination therapy shows a more significant effect than either of the treatment alone.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 132-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933379

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical characteristics of 17α-hydroxylase deficiency, and to facilitate the understanding and management of the disease.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the clinical characteristics and biochemical results of 5 cases with 17α-hydroxylase deficiency diagnosed and treated from 2018 to 2020.Results:All 5 patients were female as social gender, and reached adulthood upon first clinic visit to our department and got diagnosed. All 5 cases had hypertension, hypokalemia, bilateral adrenal hyperplasia or adenoma, osteoporosis, and typical hormone changes related to steroid synthesis.Conclusion:Steroid hormone tests with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry(LC-MS/MS) enable early diagnosis of 17α-hydroxylase deficiency, assessment of the type and degree of enzyme deficiency, and choice of treatment. For such patients, it is necessary to give appropriate anti-osteoporosis therapy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 710-715, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956900

ABSTRACT

Objective:Partial stereotactic ablative boost radiotherapy(P-SABR)is a method to deliver SABR boost to the gross tumor boost volume(GTVb), followed by conventionally fractionated radiotherapy to the whole tumor area(GTV). GTVb is the max volume receiving SABR while ensuring the critical organ-at-risk(OAR)falloff to 3 GyE/f. We investigated the potential advantage of proton therapy in treating bulky non-small cell lung cancer(the tumor length greater than 8 cm).Methods:Nine patients with bulky NSCLC treated with photon P-SABR in our institute were selected. For the treatment planning of proton therapy, the GTVb target area was gradually outwardly expanded based on the photon GTVb target area until the dose to critical OARs reached 3 GyE/f. The GTV and CTV areas remained the same as photon plan. A proton intensity-modulated radiation treatment plan(proton-IMPT), a photon intensity-modulated radiation treatment plan(photon-IMRT)and a photon volumetric modulated arc therapy(photon-VMAT)were created for each patient, respectively. The dosimetric parameters of different treatment plans were compared.Results:The volume ratio of GTVb-photon and GTVb-proton to GTV was(25.4±13.4)% and(69.7±30.0)%,respectively( P<0.001). In photon-IMRT, photon-VMAT, and proton-IMPT plan groups, the mean dose of CTV was(76.1±4.9)Gy, (78.2±3.6)Gy, and(84.7±4.9)Gy, respectively; the ratio of tumor volume with Biologic Effective Dose(BED)≥ 90 Gy to GTV volume was(70.7±21.7)%, (76.8±22.1)%,and(97.9±4.0)%,respectively. The actual dose and BED to the tumor area of the proton-IMPT plan group were significantly higher than those of the photon plan group(both P<0.05). Besides, the OARs dose was significantly decreased in the proton-IMPT group, with(49.2±22.0)%, (56.8±19.0)% and(16.1±6.3)% of the whole lung V5 for photon-IMRT, photon-VMAT and proton-IMPT, respectively(all P<0.001). Conclusions:Larger GTV boost target volume, higher BED and reduced OARs dose can be achieved in proton plans compared with photon plans. Proton P-SABR is expected to further improve the local control rate of bulky NSCLC with fewer adverse effects.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 656-661, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911090

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of radiotherapy for all metastases in patients with metachronous oligo-metastatic prostate cancer after radical treatment.Methods:From October 2011 to February 2021, 41 patients with prostate cancer with less than 5 metastases after radical treatment were retrospectively analyzed in a single center. The median age at radiotherapy was 68 (57-81) years. Forty patients (98%) received androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). There were 28 patients in the hormone sensitive (HSPC) group and 13 patients in the hormone resistant (CRPC) group. The median initial PSA was 24.4 (7.4-399.0) ng/ml. Tumor stage: T 2 stage 11 patients, T 3 stage 27 patients, T 4 stage 3 patients.30 patients were in N 0 stage and 11 patients in N 1 stage. Gleason score was 7 in 12 patients, 8 in 9 patients, 9 in 18 patients, and 10 in 2 patients.33 patients were treated with surgery, and 8 patients were treated with radiotherapy. The time span from diagnosis to metastasis was 3.1 (0.2-1.8) years. Conventional imaging examination (CT/ MRI/bone scan) before radiotherapy was used in 7 patients, and PSMA PET/CT examination was used in 34 patients.The median PSA before radiotherapy was 1.3(0.1-33.8) ng/ml. There were 62 metastases in 41 patients, including 1 lesion in 28 patients, 2 lesions in 9 patients, 3 lesions in 2 patients, and 5 lesions in 2 patients. Fifty-four patients had bone metastases and eight had retroperitoneal lymph node metastases. Twenty-two bone metastases were located in the pelvis, 18 in the vertebral body, 12 in the ribs, one in the femur and one in the sternum.The median metastatic volume was 5.8(0.2-81.7) cm 3.Daily image-guided rotational intensity modulated radiotherapy was used to cover all metastases.Dose segmentation modes include 37.5Gy/7.5Gy/5F, 60Gy/3Gy/20F, 65-70Gy/2.6-2.8Gy/25F.The median biological effective dose (BED 3) was 120 (67-147) Gy. The primary endpoint was biochemical progression-free survival (BPFS), the secondary endpoints were acute and late toxic side effects, local relapse-free survival (LPFS), and overall survival (OS). Results:The median follow-up time was 21 months (range 5-72 months). All patients completed radiotherapy, and 16 patients had grade 1 to 2 acute toxicity and side effects, and no grade 3 or above acute and late stage side effects. 1-year LPFS was 97.1%.The 1-year and 2-year BPFS were 77.5% and 59.2%, respectively. The median BPFS time was 29 months (range 13.9-44.2 months). Univariate analysis showed that the HSPC group ( P<0.001) and the group with total metastatic volume ≤ 5.8cm 3 ( P=0.010) had higher BPFS. The median BPFS time was 37 months in the retroperitoneal lymph node metastases subgroup and 17 months in the bone metastases subgroup ( P=0.141). In the HSPC group, the median BPFS was 30(22-38) months. After radiotherapy, PSA decreased in all 28 patients, and increased in 6 patients. The median BPFS was 12(4-18) months. In the CRPC group, the median BPFS was 4(0-8) months. PSA decreased in 10 patients (76.9%) after radiotherapy, and PSA decreased in 6 patients. The median BPFS was 5(3-28) months. Three patients’PSA did not decrease after radiotherapy, and they were treated with new endocrine therapy drugs, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and other systemic therapy. Conclusions:For patients with metachronous metastases after radical treatment, full coverage radiotherapy has good safety and high local control rate. HSPC patients and patients with low tumor load could be recommended to receive radiotherapy for all metastatic lesions preferentially, and patients with only retroperitoneal lymph node metastases may have better prognosis after radiotherapy than patients with bone metastases.

15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2611-2616, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908298

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of nurses' hierarchical management on nurses' professional life quality, nursing quality and nursing risk in emergency department.Methods:A total of 40 nurses who were on duty in the Emergency Department of Tangshan Gongren Hospital from February 2018 to May 2020 were selected for the study. Our hospital performed routine management of emergency department nurses from February 2018 to February 2019. After a 3-month wash-out period, nurses were managed hierarchically from May 2019 to May 2020. According to the practical experience and educational background of nurses, they were divided into 5 levels, namely N0 level assistant nurse ( n=12), N1 level registered nurse ( n=9), N2 level responsible nurse ( n=10), N3 level specialist nurse ( n=5), N4 expert level ( n=4). Before and after the hierarchical management of nurses in the emergency department, the Quality of Nursing Work Life (QNWL) scale was used to evaluate the nurse′s quality of life, and the nursing quality was assessed by the Nursing Service Quality Questionnaire. Analyze the incidence of errors in the nursing process to assess the nursing risk. Results:The scores of work environment, work family balance, social environment, workload score and QNWL total score before the implementation of hierarchical management were 46.33 ± 8.52, 30.01 ± 6.07, 21.45 ± 4.60, 94.52 ± 8.06, 192.31 ± 12.46, respectively. After implementation, the scores were 51.29 ± 4.75,34.62 ± 4.68, 25.89 ± 3.58, 109.43 ± 6.15 and 221.23 ± 10.03, respectively. The scores after implementation were higher than those before ( t value was 3.216-11.435, P<0.05). The scores of human resource allocation, ward management, operating procedures, basic nursing, nurse training, nursing efficiency, nursing record writing, and first-aid goods management were 84.29 ± 9.75, 80.39 ± 12.46, 83.02 ± 5.63, 80.93 ± 9.84, 87.14 ± 6.12, 85.91 ± 8.46, 88.20 ± 6.76 and 83.51 ± 7.18, respectively. After the implementation, the scores were 92.38 ± 4.66, 94.67 ± 3.89, 91.25 ± 6.37, 94.78 ± 3.56, 95.01 ± 3.78, 93.81 ± 4.11, 95.13 ± 3.07, 93.57 ± 4.62, respectively. The scores after implementation were higher than those before ( t value was 4.735-8.371, P<0.05). After the implementation of nurses' hierarchical management, the nursing error rate was 4.44% (8/180), which was significantly lower than 10.00% (18/180) before implementation ( χ2 value was 4.146, P<0.05). Conclusions:The application of hierarchical management of nurses in emergency department can improve nurses' professional life quality, improve nursing quality, and reduce the incidence of nursing errors. It is worthy of popularization and application in emergency department.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 477-480, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885134

ABSTRACT

This article reported a case of a male patient with primary hyperparathyroidism(PHPT) caused by an ectopic parathyroid adenoma in the anterior superior mediastinal. Hospital routine examinations indicated hyperlipidemia, hyperuricemia, type 2 diabetes with nephropathy, chronic kidney disease in stage Ⅳ, elevated PTH, hypercalcemia, hypophosphatemia, clinically highly suspected hyperparathyroidism. There was no obvious abnormality of parathyroid ultrasound, while 18F-FDG systemic metabolic imaging and 99mTc-MIBI dual-phase parathyroid imaging suggested that an ectopic parathyroid gland in the anterior superior mediastinal which was hyperactive. Evaluations of anterior pituitary function, pancreas, and endocrine-related hormones showed no obvious abnormalities, and thus we ruled out the possibility of multiple endocrine adenomas, combined with the patient′s symptoms and previous medical history, and ruled out the possibility of tertiary hyperparathyroidism, the patient was diagnosed as PHPT caused by the anterior superior mediastinal ectopic parathyroid adenoma. To restore the blood calcium to normal, the patient was treated with intravenous rehydration, diuresis, calcitonin to promote urinary calcium excretion, and zoledronic acid to inhibit bone resorption. Further thoracoscopic mediastinal tumor resection was performed, and the diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma was confirmed by pathology. All the indicators were normal and no recurrence of hyperparathyroidism was found during the follow-up. Integration of the patient′s clinical manifestations, biochemical indicators, and imaging examinations are necessary to diagnose PHPT qualitatively and location-specifically. In particular, it is necessary to pay attention to whether there is the possibilities of ectopic adenoma and multiple endocrine adenomas, to reduce the rates of missed diagnosis and recurrence.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 584-589, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effect of isofla vaspidicacid PB (called PB for short )on the biofilm adhesion and the gene expression of ergosterol metabolism related enzymes in Trichophyton rubrum . METHODS :M38-A2 method was adopted to determine MIC of PB to T. rubrum . MTT assay was used to screen the biolfilm condition and initial adhesion period of T. rubrum . The effects of different concentrations of PB (40,80,160 µg/mL)on the adhesion duration of T. rubrum (growth control group without PB was set up ,similarly hereinafter )were evaluated and the adhesion rate was calculated by using XTT assay ;the effects of different concentrations of PB (20,40,80 µg/mL)on the biofilm formation of T. rubrum at different initial adhesion periods (3,5,9 h)were observed and the adhesion rate was calculated by using XTT assay combined with inverted microscope ;qRT-PCR method was used to detect the effects of PB (320 µg/mL)on the mRNA expression of ergosterol metabolism related enzyme gene ERG6 and ERG11 in biofilm of T. rubrum . RESULTS :MIC of PB to T. rubrum was 20 µg/mL. The biofilm of T. rubrum in RPMI-1640 medium containing 10% FBS was the most metabolism activity at 6 h of initial adhesion. Compared with growth control group ,after treated with different concentrations of PB ,adhesion rate and mRNA expression of ERG6 and ERG11 in biofilm were decreased significantly (P<0.01). Hyphae decreased or even disappeared ,and the adhesion inhibition rate (at 5 and 9 h of initial adhesion )increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :PB can inhibit the adhesion of T. rubrum and reduce the hyphae ;the mechanism may be associated with the inhibition of the biofilm adhesion and mRNA expression of ergosterol metabolism related enzyme gene ERG6 and ERG11.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1043-1047, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868740

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influencing factors of hemoglobin changes in prostate cancer patients during radiotherapy combined with androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) and analyze the relationship between the hemoglobin changes and long-term prognosis.Methods:The changes of hemoglobin levels in 145 prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy combined with ADT in Department of Radiation Oncology of Peking University First Hospital from November 2011 to May 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) was employed for conventionally fractionated radiotherapy. Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist was utilized for endocrine therapy.Results:The median hemoglobin reduction during radiotherapy combined with ADT was 8 g/L. The higher the baseline level of hemoglobin, pelvic irradiation and GS score before radiotherapy, the more obvious the decrease of hemoglobin during treatment (all P<0.001). Pelvic radiotherapy significantly increased the decline tendency of hemoglobin throughout the combined treatment (86.8% vs. 72.8%, P=0.05). The duration of endocrine therapy before radiotherapy and the hemoglobin changes during endocrine therapy alone were not significantly correlated with the degree of hemoglobin decline during subsequent radiotherapy ( P=0.53 and 0.837). The biochemical failure-free survival did not significantly differ between patients with significant and mild hemoglobin reduction ( P=0.686). Conclusions:The baseline level of hemoglobin before radiotherapy is negatively correlated with the decrease of hemoglobin during combined therapy. Pelvic radiotherapy is positively correlated with hemoglobin reduction during combined therapy. Hemoglobin reduction during combined therapy is not associated with the long-term biochemical failure-free survival of patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 479-484, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870066

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the association of sex hormone and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels in patients with Graves′ disease.Methods:Between December 2017 and July 2019, 152 patients with Graves′ disease were enrolled in the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University. Parameters such as height, weight, thyroid function, sex hormone, fasting blood glucose, insulin, C-peptide, glycosylated albumin, HbA 1C, and liver function were collected. The associations between SHBG and bioclinical characteristics were analyzed. Results:The glycosylated albumin level was negatively associated with SHBG in all subjects ( β=-0.308, P<0.01), while this association was not significant after the adjustment for thyroid hormones. Male patients had significantly lower SHBG level than female patients ( P<0.01). In male patients, SHBG was associated with luteinizing hormone ( r=0.465, P<0.01), estradiol ( r=0.629, P<0.01), testosterone ( r=0.786, P<0.01). While in female patients, SHBG was also associated with testosterone ( r=0.191, P<0.05). In multivariate linear regression analysis, estradiol was independently associated with SHBG ( β=0.329, P<0.01) in male subjects. Conclusion:The hypogonadism and infertility in Graves′ disease patients could partially be attributed to the association between SHBG and Graves′ disease.

20.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 304-308, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870036

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features of type 2 diabetic patients with insulin autoimmune syndrome after treatment with exogenous insulin.Methods:A total of 106 patients with type 2 diabetes diagnosed with exogenous insulin-related insulin autoimmune syndrome (EIAS) were included from September 2017 to March 2019 in the Department of Endocrinology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University. The clinical data, physical examination, and laboratory examination results of patients were collected.Results:Of the 106 patients, 84 (79.24%) used premixed human insulin or premixed insulin analogs, and 18 patients (16.98%) presented recurrent hypoglycemia. The arginine stimulation test showed that the median value of the baseline insulin was 73.40 (23.07-146.75) μU/ml, and the median ratio of 4 minute insulin to 0 minute insulin was 1.27 (1.03-1.85), with the mean of the ratio 1.72±1.47. The ratio of baseline insulin (μU/ml) to C-peptide (ng/ml) was 44.60 (14.92-87.93), with an average of 81.92±130.93. Taking the two-fold upper limit of fasting insulin reference value (49.8 μU/ml) as the cut-off point, the subjects were divided into insulin accumulation group (baseline insulin≥49.8 μU/ml) and insulin non-accumulation group (baseline insulin <49.8 μU/ml). Among the 66 patients in the insulin accumulation group, 14 patients had hypoglycemia (21.21%) and 4 patients in the insulin non-accumulation group presented hypoglycemia (10%). The ratio of 4 minute insulin to baseline insulin, ratio of baseline insulin to C-peptide, blood glucose level standard deviation (SDBG) and maximum blood glucose fluctuation amplitude (LAGE) in the insulin accumulation group were significantly higher than those in the insulin non-accumulation group (all P<0.05). Among 66 patients in the insulin accumulation group, 36 patients changed the type of insulin preparafion (insulin treatment group), 30 patients were changed from insulin to oral hypoglycemic agents (oral medication group). After treatment, both SDBG and LAGE in the two groups were significantly lower than before treatment ( P<0.05). Conclusions:With the aggravation of exogenous insulin accumulation, the fluctuation of blood glucose and the proportion of hypoglycemia were significantly increased. There was a characteristic change in islet function in patients with insulin autoimmune syndrome. After arginine stimulation, there was no significant peak of insulin secretion, showing a " high-level" curve. The baseline insulin/C-peptide ratio was significantly increased. The prognosis of EIAS patients is good after timely diagnosis and adjustment of treatment.

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