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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 916-921, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734556


Objective To compare the diagnostic efficacy of 68Ga-PSMA-617 PET/CT and multiparameter MRI in the diagnosis of primary tumors of newly diagnosed prostate cancer.and analyze the correlation between SUVmax and clinical parameters of prostate cancer.Methods A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 104 patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer who underwent 68Ga-PSMA-617 PET/CT and multi-parametric MRI from June 2017 to April 2018.The final pathological results were used as the gold standard for diagnosis.The age ranged from 42 to 89 years,with an average of (70.4 ± 8.9) years.The median total serum PSA was 18.44 (8.71,48.01)ng/ml.The pathological results were positive in 68 cases and negative in 36 cases.The sensitivity,specificity was calculated,the ROC curve was drawn and AUC value was calculated.The relationship between SUVmax value of prostate cancer and clinical parameters was analyzed.Results The sensitivity of 68Ga-PSMA-617 PET/CT was 95.59% (65/68) and the specificity was 88.89% (32/36);the sensitivity of MRI examination was 91.18% (62/68) and the specificity was 63.89% (23/36).There were statistical differences between the specificity of the two examination (P =0.012).The ROC curve of 68 Ga-PSMA-617 PET/CT was plotted and the AUC value was 0.954.Among the 104 suspected prostate cancer patients,the median SUVmax of benign prostatic tissue was 3.20(2.83,3.70),and the median SUVmax of prostate cancer tissue was 12.21 (7.48,17.46).Among 68 patients with prostate cancer,there were statistical differences between SUVmax values of prostate cancer tissues with different Gleason scores (P < 0.01),ISUP group (P < 0.01),risk grades (P =0.021),and SUVmax values.There was a positive correlation with Gleason score and ISUP group (r1 =0.7420,P<0.01;r2 =0.754,P<0.01).Conclusions The 68Ga-PSMA-617 PET/CT examination had higher diagnostic efficacy than the multiparametric MRI for prostate cancer.The higher the SUVmax value predict the higher grade and higher risk.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 766-770, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709596


Objective To compare the diagnostic differences for the detection of bone metastases between 68Ga-PSMA-617 PET/CT and 99Tcm-MDP bone scintigraphy in preliminary diagnosed prostate cancer patients.Methods Seventy-three patients who were diagnosed with prostate cancer by pathology were retrospectively analyzed from June 2017 to February 2018,and they all underwent both ss Ga-PSMA-617 PET/CT and 99Tcm-MDP bone scintigraphy without therapy beforehand.Mean age was 69.1 (range 40-88) years,the mean PSA level was 144.59 (range 5.62-1 260.00) ng/ml,and the Gleason score ranged 6-10.The patients were divided into two groups by whether or not had bone metastases according to the aforementioned two examinations.Both the sensitivity and specificity are calculated.The number of bone metastatic focus of the two examinations were also compared through the Wilcoxon rank testing.Results Thirty-two of 73 patients were diagnosed with bone metastases.68Ga-PSMA-617 PET/CT and 99Tcm-MDP detected 32 and 31 bone metastases,with the sensitivity of 100.0% (32/32,95 % CI 89.1%-100.0%) and 90.6% (29/32,95% CI 75.0%-98.0%),the specificity of 100.0% (41/41,95% CI 91.4%-100.0%) and 95.12% (39/41,95% CI 83.5%-99.4%),and the AUC of 1.000 (95% CI 0.951-1.00) and 0.929 (95% CI 0.844-0.976),respectively.There was significant difference in AUC between the two methods(P =0.034).Two examinations exhibited significantly different number of metastatic sites (Z =-2.949,P =0.003).Conclusions 68 Ga-PSMA-617 PET/CT outperform 99Tcm-MDP bone scintigraphy for the detection of bone involvement in prostate cancer patients.It will be an important imaging supplement for prostate cancer patients and play an important role in term of the accurate treatment based on the more accurate evaluation.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619223


Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of CAD/CAM all-ceramic onlay in the restoration of molars with extensive defect after root canal therapy(RCT).Methods:260 molars with extensive defect were restored by all-ceramic onlay after RCT.The patients were followed up for 18 months.The restoration effects were assessed using USPHS criteria.Results:The success rate of CAD/CAM all-ceramic onlay was 98%.Restoration exfoliation was found in 3 cases,fractured in 2 cases.Conclusion:CAD/CAM all-ceramic onlay can be applied in restoring extensive postenor tooth-defection after RCT.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495057


Objective To explore the impact of healthcare-associated septicemia (HAS)on hospitalization expense as well as length of hospital stay,so as to optimize the allocation of healthcare resources,and provide scientific basis for reducing the economic burden caused by septicemia.Methods Hospitalized patients with confirmed HAS in a tertiary first-class teaching hospital between June 1 ,2012 and May 31 ,2015 were investigated retrospectively,con-trol group was set up in a 1 :1 ratio,hospitalization expense and length of hospital stay between two groups were compared.Results A total of 285 cases and 285 controls were enrolled in the study,the median of hospitalization expense in case group was higher than control group (¥19 718.39 vs ¥9 289.04,P <0.05);the median of length of hospital stay in case group was longer than control group (14.89 days vs 9.22 days,P <0.05).The disease bur-den caused by septicemia in different age groups and departments were different.The improvement rate of case group was lower than control group (76.49% [218/285 ]vs 83.51 % [238/285 ],χ2 = 2.562,P = 0.009 ). Conclusion As the common blood stream infection in hospitalized patients,septicemia not only increased the ex-pense of diagnosis and treatment,but also affected turnover rate of hospital bed.Rapid and effective diagnosis and treatment is significant o prevent and control septicemia.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432099


Objective To assess the value of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging in the pathological damage of Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis on children by comparison with renal biopsy.Methods 50 cases of healthy control group as group A; 58 children with HSPN were divided into three groups according to pathological grading:Ⅰ ~ Ⅱ class (group B),Ⅲ class (group C) and Ⅳ ~ Ⅵ class (group D).ARFI was then used to measure the shear wave velocities(SWV) of renal cortex of each group,compared the differences SWV of each group.Results SWV values of children's renal cortex with HSPN were significantly higher (t =5.883,P =0.017) than those in the group A.Pairwise comparisons found that there were statistically significant differences between group D and the other three groups (P <0.05).According the ROC curve,the cut-off value of SWV was 2.59 m/s when the maximum area under the curve equal to 0.719,the sensitivity and specificity were 63% and 67%.Conclusions ARFI technology can quantify the elastic properties of the kidney,which is expected as an important indicator to evaluate the pathological extent of damage of the HSPN.