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1.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 511-516, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995217

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics of patients with difficulty in decannulation after a tracheotomy in a neurological intensive care unit.Methods:A total of 122 patients undergoing tracheotomy were divided into a decannulation success group ( n=73) and a difficult decannulation group ( n=49). The Full Outline of Unresponsiveness (FOUR) and the revised version of the Coma Recovery Scale (CRS-R) were used to assess the consciousness of those in both groups. Their swallowing ability, airway anatomy, secretion retention and aspiration were documented using the Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS), fiberoptic endoscopic examination, Marianjoy′s 5-point secretion severity scale and the penetration-aspiration scale (PAS). Univariate analysis and multiva-riate logistic regression analysis were conducted to isolate risk factors. Results:The univariate analysis showed that age, status of consciousness, swallowing ability, secretion retention, aspiration and opening of the glottis may be indicators of difficult decannulation after a tracheotomy among those with severe neurological diseases. The logistic regression analysis found that too much retention of pharyngeal secretions and insufficient opening of the glottis should also be treated as risk factors for difficult decannulation with such patients.Conclusions:Too much retention of pharyngeal secretions and poor opening of the glottis are independent risk factors for difficult decannulation after a tracheotomy. Endoscopic examination can play an important role in the prediction and treatment of difficult decannulation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 642-650, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994526

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Xidi Liangxue recipe on the proliferation and apoptosis of HaCaT cells through the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) /microRNA (miR) -485-5p/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) regulatory network. Methods:HaCaT cells were induced by interleukin-17 (IL-17), and the mRNA and protein expression of lncRNA NEAT1, miR-485-5p and STAT3 was detected in IL-17-induced HaCaT cells and normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) by quantitative PCR (qPCR) and Western blot analysis, respectively. The location of lncRNA NEAT1 and miR-485-5p in IL-17-induced HaCaT cells was observed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and the targeted regulatory relationship among lncRNA NEAT1, miR-485-5p and STAT3 was verified by double-luciferase reporter gene assay. Chinese herbs were decocted according to the Xidi Liangxue recipe, SD rats were divided into two groups to be gavaged with the above decoctions (medicated group) or physiological saline (control group) for 5 days, and then serum samples were collected from the above two groups of rats separately. The IL-17-induced HaCaT cells were divided into 4 groups: control group treated with the control sera, lncRNA-NEAT1 overexpression group transfected with lncRNA-NEAT1 overexpression vectors and treated with the control sera, Xidi Liangxue recipe group treated with the medicated sera, and Xidi Liangxue recipe + lncRNA-NEAT1 overexpression group transfected with lncRNA-NEAT1 overexpression vectors and treated with the medicated sera. qPCR, Western blot analysis, flow cytometry, and cell counting kit (CCK8) assay were performed to determine the mRNA and protein expression of lncRNA NEAT1, miR-485-5p and STAT3, and to evaluate cell proliferation and apoptosis. The two independent samples t-test was used for comparisons between two groups, one-way analysis of variance for comparisons among multiple groups, and least significant difference (LSD) t-test for multiple comparisons. Results:The IL-17-induced HaCaT cell group showed significantly increased relative expression levels of lncRNA NEAT1 and STAT3 mRNA (1.84 ± 0.21, 2.20 ± 0.24, respectively) and significantly increased protein expression of STAT3 and p-STAT3 (1.27 ± 0.13, 2.43 ± 0.16, respectively), but significantly decreased expression level of miR-485-5p (0.32 ± 0.04) compared with the NHEK group (lncRNA NEAT1 and STAT3 mRNA: 1.00 ± 0.11, 1.00 ± 0.11, respectively, both P < 0.05; STAT3 and p-STAT3 protein: 1.00 ± 0.11, 1.00 ± 0.10, t = 2.54, 3.02, respectively, both P < 0.05; miR-485-5p: 1.00 ± 0.12, t = 2.94, P = 0.015). FISH demonstrated that miR-485-5p and lncRNA NEAT1 were co-located in the cytoplasm of HaCaT cells. The double-luciferase reporter gene assay showed that the relative activity of luciferase was significantly lower in the miR-485-5p group than in the negative control group (both P < 0.05) after the transfection with wild-type lncRNA NEAT1 or STAT3 recombinant plasmids, while there were no significant differences between the miR-485-5p group and negative control group after the transfection with mutant lncRNA NEAT1 or STAT3 recombinant plasmids (both P > 0.05). Compared with the control group, the lncRNA-NEAT1 overexpression group showed significantly increased expression of lncRNA NEAT1 and STAT3 (including STAT3 mRNA, STAT3 protein, and p-STAT3 protein) in HaCaT cells (all P < 0.05), but significantly decreased miR-485-5p expression ( P < 0.05) ; the Xidi Liangxue recipe group showed significantly decreased expression of lncRNA NEAT1 and STAT3 (all P < 0.05), but significantly increased miR-485-5p expression compared with the control group ( P < 0.05) ; significantly decreased expression of lncRNA NEAT1 and STAT3, but significantly increased miR-485-5p expression was observed in the Xidi Liangxue recipe + lncRNA-NEAT1 overexpression group compared with the lncRNA-NEAT1 overexpression group (all P < 0.05). After 24-, 48-, and 72-hour intervention, CCK8 assay showed that the proliferative activity of HaCaT cells was significantly higher in the lncRNA-NEAT1 overexpression group than in the control group (all P < 0.05), as well as in the Xidi Liangxue recipe + lncRNA-NEAT1 overexpression group than in the Xidi Liangxue recipe group (all P < 0.05), and the cellular proliferative activity was significantly lower in the Xidi Liangxue recipe + lncRNA-NEAT1 overexpression group and Xidi Liangxue recipe group than in the control group (all P < 0.05). The apoptosis rate was significantly lower in the lncRNA-NEAT1 overexpression group (5.84% ± 0.28%) than in the control group (14.75% ± 0.83%, LSD- t = 3.48, P = 0.002), but significantly higher in the Xidi Liangxue recipe group (35.72% ± 3.62%) than in the control group (LSD- t = 5.34, P = 0.001) ; the Xidi Liangxue recipe + lncRNA-NEAT1 overexpression group showed significantly increased apoptosis rate (27.64% ± 2.82%) compared with the lncRNA-NEAT1 overexpression group (LSD- t = 9.06, P < 0.001) . Conclusion:The Xidi Liangxue recipe could inhibit the proliferation of IL-17-induced HaCaT cells and promote their apoptosis, which may be related to the intervention in the lncRNA NEAT1/miR-485-5p/STAT3 regulatory network.

3.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 118-124, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe whether hair follicle cells from mice of different species can integrate to generate new pigmented hair follicles, and to explore the role of different melanocyte populations in pigmented hair follicle reconstruction in mice.Methods:The epidermal cell population, hair follicle epithelial cell population and dermal cell population were isolated from the skin of fetal or neonatal C57BL/6J and BALB/C mice, and epidermal melanocytes were obtained by culture and purification of the epidermal cell population. The experiments were divided into 3 parts: (1) hair follicle reconstruction experiment in neonatal C57BL/6J mice, which included 2 groups: epidermal cells + hair follicle epithelial cells group and dermal cells group; (2) chimeric hair follicle reconstruction experiment, which included 4 groups: dermal cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group, dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice group, dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + dermal cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group, and dermal cells of fetal BALB/C mice + dermal cells of fetal C57BL/6J mice group; (3) pigmented hair follicle reconstruction experiment, which included 3 groups: dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + epidermal cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group, dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + hair follicle epithelial cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group, and dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + cultured C57BL/6J epidermal melanocytes group. Different cells were implanted into dorsal skin fold chambers of the nude mice, and there were 4 mice in each group. At weeks 4 and 8 after inoculation, hair follicle reconstruction was assessed by gross observation, histological examination and immunofluorescence assay.Results:Among the 8 BALB/C nude mice in the 2 groups in the hair follicle reconstruction experiment, 7 survived and 1 died of wound infections on week 4 after inoculation; at weeks 4 and 8 after inoculation, no hair growth was observed in the epidermal cells + hair follicle epithelial cells group (3 mice) , while normal hair grew out in the dermal cells group (4 mice) mixed with epithelial components. Among the 16 BALB/C nude mice in the 4 groups in the chimeric hair follicle reconstruction experiment, 14 survived and 2 died of wound infections on week 4 after inoculation; at weeks 4 and 8 after inoculation, brown-grey hair grew well in the dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + dermal cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group (4 mice) , and dermal cells of fetal BALB/C mice + dermal cells of fetal C57BL/6J mice group (3 mice) . Among the 12 BALB/C nude mice in the 3 groups in the pigmented hair follicle reconstruction experiment, 10 survived and 2 died of wound infections on week 4 after inoculation; at weeks 4 and 8 after inoculation, only white hair grew out in the dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + cultured C57BL/6J epidermal melanocytes group (3 mice) , and no hair follicle melanocytes were observed by immunofluorescence assay, while brown-grey hair grew well in the dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + epidermal cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group (4 mice) , and dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + hair follicle epithelial cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group (3 mice) .Conclusions:The interaction between mesenchymal cells and hair follicle epithelial cells is a necessary condition for hair follicle reconstruction. The hair follicle cells from different species of mice can integrate to generate new pigmented hair follicles. Both hair follicle melanocytes and epidermal melanocytes can participate in the formation of pigmented hair follicles, but differentiated melanocytes have no such ability.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 443-448, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994343

ABSTRACT

The clinical manifestations, biochemical parameters and imaging examination, genetic test results, and treatment of 3 cases of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy(X-ALD) patients were reviewed and analyzed, and the structure of adrenoleukodystrophy protein(ALDP) was analyzed. All 3 patients were male. Patients 1 and 2 were childhood cerebral ALD(CCALD), patients 3 was adrenomyeloneuropathy(AMN), and all of them were misdiagnosed at early stage. Brain magnetic resonance imaging(MRI), and hematologic examinations showed the neurological demyelination of X-ALD, adrenocortical insufficiency, and accumulation of very long chain fatty acids(VLCFAs). Sequencing of ABCD1 gene revealed 3 new pathogenic mutations[c.910delins22(p.A304delins8), c. 887A>C(p.Y296S), and c. 1451_1481del(p.P484fs)], which affected the key structure of ALDP and led to the disease. Patients 1 and 2 received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and their condition continued to progress after surgery. Patient 3 was in stable condition. The misdiagnosis rate of X-ALD is high, clinicians should be vigilant. In this study, 3 new mutations were found, which expanded the ABCD1 gene mutation spectrum in patients with X-ALD. It is important to note that early identification and early diagnosis of X-ALD should be made to reduce misdiagnosis and mistreatment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 437-443, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of plasma atherosclerosis index (AIP) on metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) in physical examination population.Methods:It was a cross-sectional study. Total of 97 076 people who completed physical examination in the Health Management Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from January to December 2021 and met the integrity of the study were selected as study subjects. Of the subjects, 31 176 people who met the diagnostic criteria of MAFLD were set as the MAFLD group, and the other 65 900 people were set as the non-MAFLD group. Laboratory indexes, height, weight, blood pressure, liver ultrasound and other indicators in the two groups were collected, and the AIP was calculated. The t-test was used for measurement data and chi-square test was used for counting data to compare the differences between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of MAFLD. The two groups were grouped further according to gender and age, and the difference of AIP prediction efficiency in different groups was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The average age (47.3 years, Z=-31.734), male proportion (76.9%, χ2=7 837.54) and the average value of AIP (0.23, Z=-155.089) in MAFLD group were all higher than those in non-MAFLD group (all P<0.001). After stratified by age, gender, body mass index (BMI), hypertensive or not, hemoglobin A1c (HbA 1c), triglyceride (TG), fasting blood glucose (FBG), the difference of AIP between the two groups was still statistically significant (all P<0.001). Multifactorial regression analysis showed that alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ( OR=1.024), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ( OR=0.974), serum creatinine (sCr) ( OR=0.975), serum uric acid ( OR=1.004), HbA 1c ( OR=1.231), hemoglobin (HB) ( OR=1.011), platelet(PLT) ( OR=1.002), FBG ( OR=1.131), BMI ( OR=1.419), AIP ( OR=11.318), systolic blood pressure ( OR=1.002), and diastolic blood pressure ( OR=1.012) were independent risk factors for MAFLD (all P<0.001). In the overall population, AIP had an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.808, a cut-off value of 2.045, a sensitivity of 74.5% and a specificity of 72.4%; in the gender subgroup, the AUC was greater in women than in men (0.815 vs 0.764), and the cut-off values, sensitivities and specificities in the two groups were -0.044 vs 0.091, 75.6% vs 72.2%, 73.3% vs 67.6%, respectively; in the age sub-group, the largest AUC (0.848), cut-off value (0.034), sensitivity (79.1%) and specificity (75.3%) were found in the 18-44 years group; the differences were statistically significantin the ROC curve analysis of each group ( P<0.001). Conclusion:AIP is an independent risk factor for MAFLD, which has good predictive value for the occurrence of the disease, and has better predictive effect in women and young groups (18-44 years old).

6.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 217-224,C4-1, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992927

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explored the effect of 78c in treating collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice and to investigate its mechanism of effects.Methods:CIA mice model and CD38 +NK cells were treated with 78c. Cytokine concentrations and lymphocyte subtypes were measured in the mice peripheral blood and culture medium using flow cytometry. Mikenyi cell isolation kit was used to isolate CD4 + T cells and NK cells from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of healthy volunteers. CD38 + NK cells were enriched using the Miltenyi CD38 microbeads from the extracted NK cells. CD38 + NK cells with 78c pretreatment or not were cocultured with CD4 +T cells in transwells. The least significant difference (LSD) method was used for comparison between the two groups, and one-way analysis of variance was used for multi-group significance. Pearson correlation analysis was used for correlation analysis. Results:78c treatment significantly suppressed joint inflammation, inhibited the toe thickness of CIA mice, and reduced the number of while cell, neutrophils, platelets, and concentrations of IFN-γ, IL-6 and TNF-α ( t=6.10, P<0.001; t=4.00, P=0.002; t=3.09, P=0.012; t=2.31, P=0.043; t=3.58, P=0.005; t=2.68, P=0.002) in the CIA mice. The proportion of CD38 +NK cells decreased from (3.9±0.9)% to (2.4±0.3)% ( t=2.49, P=0.032), the proportion of regulatory T cell (Treg) increased from (0.81±0.33)% to (1.41±0.26)% ( t=2.74, P=0.021), and the concentration of IL-10 also increased from (99±37) pg/ml to (199±9) pg/ml( t=2.76 , P=0.020). The proportion of Treg in CD4 +T cells cocultured with 78c-pretreated CD38 +NK cells increased from (0.52±0.04)% to (0.69±0.08)% ( t=3.33, P=0.029) , the T helper cells (Th)17/Treg ratio decreased from (4.44±0.26) to (2.59±0.64) ( t=4.76 , P=0.009), and the Th1/Th2 ratio decreased from (14.8±1.6) to (8.1±1.3)( t=5.70 , P=0.005). Conclusion:78c can reduce the proportion of CD38 +NK cells, thereby reducing the inhibition of CD38 +NK cells on CD4 +T cell differentiation into Treg cells, leading to the restoration of immune balance. The results of this study suggest that 78c is a potential therapeutic agent for rheumatoid arthritis.

7.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 272-275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992503

ABSTRACT

N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis in combination with acute peripheral nerve damage is rare. A young female patient with anti-NMDAR encephalitis was admitted to Qianfoshan Hospital in Shandong Province on October 23, 2022. The main manifestations were abnormal mental behavior, consciousness disorders, and flaccid paralysis. Electromyography indicated axonal damage to the upper and lower extremities. Patient was in critical condition and admitted to the ICU with tracheal intubation for central hypoventilation. A combination of critical polyneuropathy was considered. The prognosis was good after hormone shock, immunosuppressive therapy, surgical therapy, anti-infection, respiratory support and symptomatic support. The diagnosis of anti-NMDAR encephalitis with acute peripheral nerve damage is difficult. Immune factors need to be considered and paraneoplastic syndrome should be differentially diagnosed.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 636-641, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of orlistat on the viability of human gall-bladder cancer (GBC) cells.Methods:The experimental study was conducted. The human GBC NOZ cells with high expression of FSAN was screened out through in vitro cultivating human GBC-SD, SGC-996 and NOZ cells. The cell proliferation assay, clone formation assay and protein detection experiment were used to analysis of the effects of orlistat on the viability of human GBC cells. Cell grouping: NOZ cells cultured with medium were set as the control group, cultured with medium + 10 μmol/L orlistat were set as the low-dose orlistat group, cultured with medium + 100 μmol/L orlistat were set as the high-dose orlistat group, respectively. Observation indicators: (1) expression of FASN protein in human GBC cells; (2) effects of orlistat on the proliferation of human GBC NOZ cells; (3) effects of orlistat on apoptosis of human GBC NOZ cells. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, the ANOVA test was used for comparison between groups and the least significant difference method was used for pairwise comparison. Results:(1) Expression of FASN protein in human GBC cells. Results of western blot showed that the relative expression of FASN protein in human GBC NOZ, GBC-SD and SGC-996 cells was 0.57±0.06, 0.12±0.04 and 0.10±0.02, respectively, showing a significant difference among them ( F=115.67, P<0.05). There were significant differences between the NOZ cells and the GBC-SD or the SGC-996 cells ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the GBC-SD cells and the SGC-996 cells ( P>0.05). (2) Effects of orlistat on the proliferation of human GBC NOZ cells. ① Results of cell proliferation assay showed that the absorbance value of NOZ cells was 2.34±0.12, 1.57±0.08 and 1.07±0.13 in the control group, low-dose orlistat group and high-dose orlistat group, respectively, showing a significant difference among them ( F=205.88, P<0.05). ② Results of clone formation assay showed that the number of NOZ cells clones was 257±23, 153±11 and 83±11 in the control group, low-dose orlistat group and high-dose orlistat group, respectively, showing a significant difference among them ( F=92.64, P<0.05). ③Results of western blot showed that the relative expression of Cyclin-D1 protein of NOZ cells was 2.31±0.10, 1.52±0.05 and 1.23±0.11 in the control group, low-dose orlistat group and high-dose orlistat group, respectively, showing a significant difference among them ( F=120.73, P<0.05). The relative expression of CDK-4 protein of NOZ cells was 1.58±0.04, 1.21±0.02 and 1.19±0.04 in the control group, low-dose orlistat group and high-dose orlistat group, respectively, showing a signifi-cant difference among them ( F=110.45, P<0.05). (3) Effects of orlistat on apoptosis of human GBC NOZ cells. Results of western blot showed that the relative expression of Bcl-2 protein of NOZ cells was 1.07±0.03, 0.36±0.03 and 0.15±0.02 in the control group, low-dose orlistat group and high-dose orlistat group, respectively, showing a significant difference among them ( F=1 242.93, P<0.05). The relative expression of Bax protein of NOZ cells was 0.51±0.03, 0.38±0.05 and 1.38±0.04 in the control group, low-dose orlistat group and high-dose orlistat group, respectively, showing a signifi-cant difference among them ( F=583.51, P<0.05). Conclusion:Orlistat can inhibit the growth of human GBC NOZ cells and promote their apoptosis.

9.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 46-54, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005499

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor(M3 receptor), encoded by CHRM3 gene, is widely distributed in the cardiovascular system and plays an important role in cardiac regulation. The aim of this study was to assess the association of genetic variants in M3 receptor with blood pressure(BP) responses to controlled dietary sodium and potassium interventions. 【Methods】 A total of 333 subjects from 124 families were recruited from the rural areas of northern China. After a three-day baseline observation, they were sequentially on a seven-day low-salt diet, a seven-day high-salt diet, and a seven-day high-salt diet plus potassium supplementation. Thirteen CHRM3 single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs) were selected for analysis. 【Results】 SNP rs10802811 of the CHRM3 was significantly associated with diastolic BP(DBP) and mean arterial pressure(MAP) responses to both low-salt and high-salt diets while SNPs rs6429147, rs373288072, rs114677844 and rs663148 showed significant associations with systolic BP(SBP) and MAP responses to high-salt diet. In addition, SNP rs6692904 was significantly associated with SBP, DBP and MAP responses to high-salt diet with potassium supplementation. 【Conclusion】 Genetic variants in M3 receptor are significantly associated with BP responses to sodium and potassium intervention, suggesting that M3 receptor may be mechanistically involved in BP salt and potassium sensitivity.

10.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 38-45, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005498

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 Based on our previously established salt-sensitive hypertension cohort, we aimed to examine the association of genetic variants in uromodulin with blood pressure(BP) responses to dietary interventions of sodium and potassium intake. 【Methods】 In 2004, 514 subjects from 124 families in Mei County, Shaanxi Province, were recruited to establish the salt-sensitive hypertension study cohort. Among them, 333 non-parent subjects were selected and sequentially maintained on a normal-diet for 3 days, low-salt diet for 7 days, then a high-salt diet for 7 days and a high-salt diet with potassium supplementation for another 7 days. Thirteen single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs) in the uromodulin gene were genotyped on the MassARRAY platform. 【Results】 BP levels decreased from the baseline to low-salt diet, increased from low-salt to high-salt diet, and decreased again from the high-salt diet to the high-salt plus potassium supplementation intervention. SNPs rs77875418 and rs4997081 of the uromodulin gene were significantly associated with diastolic BP(DBP) and mean arterial pressure(MAP) responses to high-salt diet. In addition, SNPs rs77875418, rs79245268, rs4293393, rs6497476, rs4997081, rs13333226, and rs12917707 were significantly associated with systolic BP(SBP), DBP, and MAP responses to high-salt diet with potassium supplementation. 【Conclusion】 Genetic variants in uromodulin gene are significantly associated with BP responses to sodium and potassium supplementation, suggesting that uromodulin may be mechanistically involved in BP sodium-sensitivity and potassium-sensitivity.

11.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 30-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005497

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 4-like protein with down-regulated expression and development in neural precursor cells (NEDD4L) plays an important role in blood pressure (BP) regulation and sodium homeostasis by regulating epithelial sodium channel protein. In this study, we aimed to explore the relationship of NEDD4L gene polymorphisms with BP responses to sodium and potassium intake. 【Methods】 In 2004, 514 subjects from 124 families in Meixian County, Shaanxi Province, were recruited to establish a salt-sensitive hypertension study cohort. All the subjects received a 3-day baseline survey, a 7-day low-salt diet, a 7-day high-salt diet, and finally a 7-day high-salt and potassium supplementation. Their BP was measured and peripheral blood samples were collected at different intervention periods. The 14 gene polymorphisms of NEDD4L gene were genotyped and analyzed by MassARRAY platform. 【Results】 BP decreased on a low-salt diet, and significantly increased on a high-salt diet, and decreased again after potassium supplementation. NEDD4L SNPs rs74408486 were significantly associated with systolic BP, diastolic BP and mean arterial pressure responses to the low-salt diet. SNPs rs292449 and rs2288775 were significantly associated with pulse pressure response to the high-salt diet. In addition, SNPs rs563283 and rs292449 were significantly associated with diastolic BP, mean arterial pressure, and pulse pressure responses to high-salt and potassium supplementation diet. 【Conclusion】 NEDD4L gene polymorphisms were significantly associated with BP responses to sodium and potassium intake, suggesting that NEDD4L gene may be involved in the development of salt sensitivity and potassium sensitivity.

12.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 22-29, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005496

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 Corin, a transmembrane serine protease that can cleave atrial natriuretic peptide precursor (pro-ANP) into atrial natriuretic peptide with smaller bioactive molecules, participates in the pathophysiological process of hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of Corin gene variation with blood pressure responses to sodium and potassium dietary interventions. 【Methods】 In 2004, we recruited 514 participants from 124 families in 7 villages of Baoji, Shaanxi Province, China. All the subjects received a 3-day normal diet, a 7-day low-salt diet, a 7-day high-salt diet, and finally a 7-day high-salt and potassium supplementation. Fifteen single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of Corin gene were selected for final analysis. 【Results】 SNPs rs12509275 were significantly associated with diastolic blood pressure (DBP) response to low-salt diet, while rs3749584 was associated with pulse pressure (PP) response to low-salt diet.SNP rs3749584 and rs10517195 were significantly associated with PP response to high-salt diet. In addition,rs17654278 were significantly associated with systolic blood pressure (SBP) response to high-salt and potassium supplementation, rs2271037 was significantly correlated with DBP responses to high-salt and potassium supplementation, and rs4695253, rs12509275, rs2351783, rs36090894 were significantly associated with PP response to high-salt and potassium supplementation. 【Conclusion】 Corin gene polymorphisms were associated with blood pressure response to sodium and potassium, suggesting that Corin gene may be involved in pathophysiological process of salt sensitivity and potassium sensitivity.

13.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 6-13, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005494

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 Dyslipidemia has shown to be associated with cardiovascular, metabolic and renal diseases. This study aimed to investigate the association between residual cholesterol and the risk of subclinical renal damage (SRD). 【Methods】 A total of 2 342 participants were recruited from the previously established Hanzhong Adolescent Hypertension Study cohort. According to estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR) and urinary albumin-to-creatine ratio(uACR), the subjects were divided into SRD group and non-SRD group. The associations of residual cholesterol with eGFR, uACR, and the risk of SRD were analyzed by multiple linear and Logistic regression analyses. 【Results】 Residual cholesterol was positively correlated with uACR(r=0.081, P<0.001) but negatively correlated with eGFR (r=-0.091, P<0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that residual cholesterol was an influencing factor of uACR (β=0.075, P<0.001) and eGFR (β=-0.027, P<0.001) after adjustment for gender, age, smoke, alcohol, exercise, BMI, hypertension, diabetes and serum uric acid. In addition, Logistic regression analysis revealed that residual cholesterol was significantly associated with the risk of SRD independently of potential confounders [OR(95% CI)=1.387 (1.113-1.728), P<0.001]. Further subgroup analysis showed that residual cholesterol was significantly associated with the risk of SRD in women but not in men. 【Conclusion】 Residual cholesterol is a contributing factor in the risk of subclinical renal damage with gender-specific association.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 189-195, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933854

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) trajectories in children and adolescents and subclinical renal damage (SRD) in adulthood.Methods:4 623 participants aged 6-18 years old were recruited from the ongoing cohort of Hanzhong adolescent hypertension study in 1987, and the subjects were followed up in 1989, 1992, 1995, 2005, 2013 and 2017, respectively. Group-based trajectory modeling was used to identify distinct BMI trajectories in longitudinal analysis. Generalized linear model was applied to examine the association between different BMI trajectories and SRD incidence in adulthood.Results:A total of 2 678 subjects from childhood to adulthood were enrolled in this study. All subjects were divided into three groups according to three distinct BMI trajectories: low-increasing BMI group ( n=1 017), moderate-increasing BMI group ( n=1 353), and high-increasing BMI group ( n=308). Over follow up for 30 years, a total of 248 participants (9.3%) developed SRD. Urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (uACR) in low to high-increasing BMI group was 0.9(0.6, 1.4), 1.0(0.7, 1.7), 1.6(0.8, 3.2), respectively ( P trend<0.001), and estimated glomerular filtration rate was 98.5(87.6, 111.6) , 96.2(86.4, 109.7), 95.3 (87.5, 125.0) ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1, respectively ( P trend=0.025). The generalized linear model analysis showed that uACR was increased linearly from low to high-increasing BMI group [ β=3.16(95% CI 1.02-5.31), Ptrend=0.004]. There was no correlation or linear trend between BMI trajectory and estimated glomerular filtration rate [ β=-2.30(95% CI-5.18-0.57), Ptrend=0.117]. Compared with the low-increasing BMI group, the high-increasing BMI group had greater odds of experiencing SRD in adulthood after adjusting for multiple confounders such as age, gender, medical history and lifestyle ( OR=2.83, 95% CI 1.84-4.36, Ptrend<0.001). Conclusions:Higher BMI trajectorie is correlated with higher level of uACR and risk of SRD in middle age. Identifying long-term BMI trajectorie from early age may assist in predicting individuals′ renal function in later life.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 201-207, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933391

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the change and inter-individual variation in body temperature and analyze related variables among Chinese adults.Methods:Data of of 9 184 participants[mean age(52.38±14.69) years, 4 350 men and 4 834 women] were obtained from the China Health and Nutrition Survey(CHNS) 2015. Descriptive statistics and liner regression models were deployed in the analysis.Results:Overall, the mean normal axillary body temperature was 36.43℃, higher temperature was observed in men(0.032℃, P<0.001) than women. Using the multivariate linear regression model, it was revealed that age, region, territory, season, height, and hip circumference were significantly associated with body temperature. Higher individual temperature was observed in urban(0.028℃) than rural, in southern(0.040℃) than northern, and in winter(0.054℃) than autumn. Body temperature was also negatively associated with age(-0.001℃ per year), hip circumference(-0.001℃ per cm), but is positively associated with height(0.003℃ per cm). With other variables controlled, body temperature was related to whether there is myocardial infarction(ever vs never 0.187℃). Conclusion:In China, the current normal body temperature is lower than that established in 19th century(37℃), and body temperature is related to several factors. When screening and diagnosing a disease, inter-individual variance should be fully considered.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 138-139, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933178

ABSTRACT

Synovial sarcoma is a soft tissue malignancy of unknown origin which usually occurs around the joints of the extremities, but rarely detected in the kidneys. A case of primary synovial sarcoma of the kidney was reported, which was preoperatively diagnosed as a malignant tumor of the right kidney for intermittent gross hematuria. After the laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, primary renal synovial sarcoma was confirmed by pathological examination. The patient refused further treatment, and there was no recurrence or metastasis during the 13 months of follow-up.

17.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 298-302, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the related factors affecting the inter-arm systolic blood pressure difference (IASBPD) in a physical examination population.Methods:A total of 3 600 adults who underwent physical examination and completed the arteriosclerosis test in the first affiliated hospital of Anhui medical university from January 2019 to June 2021 were selected as the participants by systematic sampling method. Data on age, sex, and history of smoking, heavy drinking, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease were recorded. The height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, total muscle, total fat and body fat ratio were measured, and body mass index was calculated. The blood pressure of the limbs, ankle brachial index (ABI) were measured synchronously with the arteriosclerosis tester of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the IASBPD were calculated. According to the IASBPD value, the participants were divided into two groups: IASBPD<10 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) group and IASBPD≥10 mmHg group, The differences between the two groups were compared, and the related influencing factors of IASBPD were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression.Results:Weight, body mass index, waist circumference, hip circumference, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total muscle, total fat, body fat rate, history of hypertension, proportion of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and proportion of history of coronary heart disease in the IASBPD≥10 mmHg group was higher than that of IASBPD<10 mmHg group [(69.1±11.2) vs (65.3±10.8) kg, (25.6±3.4) vs (24.4±3.3) kg/m 2, (91.3±11.3) vs (87.8±10.6) cm, (98.5±10.4) vs (96.5±9.8) cm, (139.7±20.0) vs (129.7±17.6) mmHg, (80.3±11.6) vs (76.7±10.1) mmHg, (47.5±9.1) vs (45.3±8.8) kg, (19.4±7.0) vs (17.6±6.4) kg, (27.9%±8.5%) vs (26.8%±8.1%), 41.1% vs 29.3%, 16.6% vs 11.7%, 13.1% vs 7.3%] (all P<0.05); ABI was lower than that in IASBPD<10 mmHg group [(1.15±0.11) vs (1.20±0.09)] ( P<0.001). There were no significant differences in height, smoking history and heavy drinking history between the two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, systolic blood pressure, body weight and ABI were independent influencing factors of IASBPD≥10 mmHg. Age, systolic blood pressure and body weight were positively correlated with IASBPD≥10 mmHg, while ABI was negatively correlated with IASBPD≥10 mmHg. Conclusion:Increases in age, systolic blood pressure, and body weight and a decrease in ABI are important influencing factors leading to the elevation of IASBPD.

18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 259-263, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the aesthetic results of bilateral breast symmetry after reduction mammaplasty, we proposed a handheld 3D scanner-based evaluation method to achieve the desired aesthetic effects.Methods:From June 2018 to June 2019, a total of 56 female patients with an average age of 34 years (18 to 56 years) requested for bilateral breast reduction in the Department of Aesthetic and Reconstructive Breast Surgery, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. Three-dimensional scans were performed intraoperatively in 27 cases in study group, and symmetry adjustments were made during breast contouring based on the analysis results; in the control group, a total of 29 patients did not undergo three-dimensional scans intraoperatively. Three-dimensional scans were obtained from both groups 3 months after surgery to objectively assess breast symmetry. Six third-party physicians scored the two groups based on anonymous photographs of the patients in 5 dimensions of breast symmetry to assess the symmetry of the pre- and post-operative bilateral breasts.Results:The difference in breast volume in the study group was significantly smaller bilaterally than in the control group [35.26 (20.01, 55.61) vs 110.02 (43.52, 186.30) cm 3,U=221.00, P=0.001]. The results reported by the evaluators showed that all five aspects of breast symmetry measured by breast reduction were significantly improved in the study group compared to the preoperative period ( P<0.001) and were all statistically superior to the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Intraoperative three-dimensional scanning technology presents a dependable method to facilitate in optimizing bilateral breast symmetry, which in turn provides an opportunity to enhance the aesthetic outcome after reduction mammoplasty.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 473-477, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of 99Tc m-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) renal dynamic imaging combined with double plasma glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in the evaluation of split renal function in adult patients undergoing interventional therapy for unilateral hydronephrosis. Methods:Retrospective analysis of 79 patients (39 males, 40 females, age (41.4±16.3) years) with unilateral hydronephrosis in First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2015 to December 2019 were performed. All patients underwent surgery to relive obstruction. 99Tc m-DTPA renal dynamic imaging was performed before and after surgery to obtain bilateral renogram and GFR was measured by Gates method (marked as gGFR). Meanwhile, the corrected double plasma method was used to measure the GFR of both kidneys (marked as dGFR all). Double plasma GFR of the affected kidney (marked as dGFR) was obtained according to the ratio of renogram and dGFR all. Patients were divided into mild to moderate group (dGFR≥20 and <40 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2 ), severe group (dGFR≥10 and <20 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2) and extremely severe group (dGFR<10 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2) according to dGFR before surgery. Postoperative renal dynamic imaging and dGFR were reexamined to analyze the GFR recovery values (ΔgGFR, ΔdGFR). Data were analyzed by χ2 test, paired t test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson correlation analysis and Bland-Altman consistency test. Results:There were 34 patients in mild to moderate group, 24 patients in severe group, 21 patients in extremely severe group. Significant differences were found in both gGFR and dGFR before and after surgery in mild to moderate group, as well as those in the extremely severe group ( t values: 2.42-3.34, all P<0.05 ), but there was no significant difference in severe group ( t values: 1.24, 1.27, both P>0.05). The ΔgGFR and ΔdGFR were not significantly different among three groups ( F values: 0.45, 0.34, both P>0.05). GFR mesured by the 2 methods (gGFR, dGFR) before and after operation correlated well in each group (before surgery, r values: 0.68-0.82; after surgery, r values: 0.80-0.91, all P<0.001). GFR measured by the two methods showed poor consistency in the mild to moderate and severe groups (>5%(5.88%, 2/34; 8.33%, 2/24) values before and after surgery exceeding 95% consistency limit), while good consistency was demonstrated in the extremely severe group (<5%(4.76%, 1/21) values before and after surgery exceeding 95% consistency limit). Conclusions:Preoperative GFR in patients with unilateral hydronephrosis cannot predict the recovery of renal function after interventional treatment. For the evaluation of split renal GFR in patients with unilateral upper urinary tract obstructive hydronephrosis, corrected dual plasma method combined with kidney ratio of renogram is more appropriate for the determination of GFR. Gates method has some limitations, however, it can be recommended for the evaluation of GFR in patients with extremely severe renal impairment before and after interventional surgery.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 275-282, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940822

ABSTRACT

Hederin is a natural active component of triterpenoid saponins extracted from many medicinal herbs, such as Lithospermum erythrorhizon, Pulsatilla chinensis, and Clematis florida. It has attracted much attention from doctors for its anti-inflammatory, anti-convulsive, anti-oxidation and anti-leishmaniasis activities. Hederin has significant anti-tumor bioactivity and is expected to be a potential drug for the treatment of malignant tumors. The available studies have demonstrated that hederin can promote the apoptosis, inhibit the proliferation, metastasis, and invasion, and induce the autophagy of tumor cells, exhibiting a promising prospect in the treatment of breast cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer, and pancreatic cancer. Specifically, hederin can regulate the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and microRNA (miRNA) to trigger tumor cell apoptosis. Its anti-proliferation activity is mainly reflected in the regulation of cyclin and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK). Hederin inhibits the metastasis and invasion of tumor cells by blocking epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT). In addition, hederin can influence metabolic reprogramming to induce tumor cell autophagy. Hederin is involved in a variety of pathways to exert its anti-tumor activity and may become a novel anti-tumor drug in the future, which give new sights into the study of hederin in the anti-tumor field. There are few studies about hederin and no systematic review of its anti-tumor mechanisms. Therefore, this study reviewed the studies about the anti-tumor mechanism of hederin, aiming to provide reference and information for researchers and clinical staff.

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