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1.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834306

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The application of adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) in skin repair has attracted much attention nowadays. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) participates in the progress of skin proliferation, differentiation and so forth. We aimed to explore the role of EGF in the proliferation, invasion, migration and transdifferentiation into epidermal cell phenotypes of ADSCs. @*Methods@#and Results: ADSCs were extracted from adipose tissues from patient. Immunophenotyping was determined by flow cytometry. Overexpressed EGF or siEGF was transfected by lentiviruses. EGF was determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or western blot. ADSCs and HaCaT cells were co-cultured by Transwell chambers. Conditioned medium (CM) was obtained from cultured HaCaT cells and used for the culturing of ADSCs. Cell viability was tested by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Invasion rate was measured by Transwell invasion assay and migration rate by wound healing test. mRNA and protein levels were measured by qPCR and western blot respectively. The extracted cells from adipose tissues were identified as ADSCs by morphology and immunophenotyping. The expression of EGF was up or down regulated constantly in HaCaT cell line after transfection. EGF overexpression upregulated the proliferation, migration and invasion rates of ADSCs, and EGF expression regulated the expression of cytokeratin-19 (CK19) and integrin-β as well. @*Conclusions@#EGF could be served as a stimulus to promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion as well as the transdifferentiation into epidermal stem cell immunophenotyping of ADSCs. The results showed that EGF had a promising effect on the repair of skin wound.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Hymagic-4D multi-essence (miniHA, acetylated sodium hyaluronate, sodium hyaluronate, sodium hyaluronate cross-linked polymer) on sensitive skin.Methods:The clinical trial was conducted from April 2, 2019 to April 30, 2019 in the Cosmetic Dermatology Laboratory of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University. A total of 33 subjects (average age of 43±9.5) completed the trial. Subjects diagnosed as sensitive skin according to the criteria were enrolled. Hymagic-4D were randomly applied on one side of the face while macromolecular hyaluronic acid was applied on opposite side for 28 days. Skin biophysical properties, lactic test, clinical efficacy and safety were evaluated by the investigators at day 0, day 7, day 14 and day 28. Skin water content, TEWL and a*value were measured at the same time.Results:Dates showed that at day 7, day 14 and day 28, the a* values on Hymagy-4D using side were 8.54±3.08, 8.87 ±3.21 and 8.39±3.21, lower than that on the side of control 9.48±3.09, 9.51±3.30 and 9.03±2.95 ( P<0.01); skin roughness score, dryness score and erythema score on hymagy-4d using side were significantly lower than before ( P<0.01), and significantly lower than that on the control side ( P<0.01). Hydration, TEWL, pH value, L value and total score of lactic acid tingling test which were significantly improved on both facial skin compared to the baseline ( P<0.05) showed no statistical difference between two facial sides ( P>0.05) during 28-day treatment. Conclusions:This study demonstrates that Hymagic-4D has more effective in repairing skin barrier and inhibiting skin inflammation than single component hyaluronic acid on sensitive skin persons.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753451

ABSTRACT

Taking the course's characteristics and advantages into account, this study explores the systematic implementation of standardized teaching rounds in the clinical probation sessions of the Dermatology and Venereology course , and evaluates its effect by analyzing the cases of 125 medical students from grade 2015 of Sun Yat-sen University . The results showed that the implementation of standardized teaching rounds has positive effect on the course.

4.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1243-1246, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504039

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the relationship of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and methioninesynthase reductase (MTRR) with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). Methods Case control study was used to select 244 patients with URSA (miscarriage group) and 116 normal women (control group) who were admitted to Tianjin Medical University General Hospital and Tianjin Women’s and Children’s Health Center from January 2013 to March 2015. The oral mucosal epithelial cells were extracted using fluorescence quantitative PCR to detect MTHFR gene C677T, A1298C and MTRR gene loci of A66G single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP). The relationship between folate metabolism related gene polymorphisms of MTHFR and MTRR and URSA was analysed. Results The frequency of C677T genotype MTHFR was significantly higher in URSA group than that in the control group, and the frequency of CT genotype was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the frequencies of A1298C MTRR and A66G MTHFR between the two groups. The activity of MTHFR, red cell folate and plasma folate levels were significantly lower in URSA group than those of control group. Homocysteine levels were significantly higher in URSA group than those of control group (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in serum folic acid, red cell folate, homocysteine cysteine levels between patients <35 years old and ≥ 35 years old in URSA group. Conclusion C677TMTHFR gene polymorphism is associated with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion.

5.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 12-16, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473539

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate genetic polymorphisms of HPRTB, DXS6803 and DXS6809 STR loci in Tianjin Han female population, and to provide experimental data in the prenatal diagnosis of aneuploidies accurately and rapidly. Methods A total of 150 blood samples were collected in Tianjin Han population. QF-PCR and capillary electrophoresis were used in this study. The relevant data were analyzed by ABI Prism GeneMapper v3.0 software. Two homozygotes were se?lected from each locus for sequencing. The frequencies of the genotypes were checked using Chi-square test to verify Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium. Data of genetic polymorphisms were calculated by PowerStatsV12 software. Results A total of 150 samples were successfully amplified in 24 hours. The 10, 6 and 10 alleles and 22, 12 and 29 genotypes were found respec?tively in HPRTB, DXS6803 and DXS6809 loci. The most common alleles were 14, 13 and 14. The higher frequencies of gen?otypes were 14-14, 12-13 and 13-14. No significant deviations from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were observed in these three STR loci (χ2=10.554, 5.783 and 15.355, respectively, P>0.05). Values of He were 0.748, 0.649 and 0.806 for these three STR loci respectively. Values of Ho were 0.607, 0.700 and 0.713 respectively. Values of PIC were 0.706, 0.599 and 0.775 respectively. Values of PD were 0.894, 0.814 and 0.931 respectively. And values of PE were 0.299, 0.428 and 0.449 respectively. Conclusion HPRTB, DXS6803 and DXS6809 STR loci were highly polymorphic, which are favorable genetic markers on chromosome X and can be used in rapid prenatal genetic diagnosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425419

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of heat shock protein 27(HSP27)in esophageal squamous carcinoma,mucosa adjacent to carcinoma and normal esophageal mucosa,and its relationship with the carcinogenesis of esophageal carcinoma.Methods The expression of HSP27 was observed in 86 specimens from esophageal squamous carcinoma,86 from mucosa adjacent to carcinoma and 75 from normal esophageal mucosa by immunohistochemistry.Results The expression of HSP27 in esophageal squamous carcinomas was higher than those in mucosa adjacent to carcinoma(P < 0.05);the expression of HSP27 in mucosa adjacent to carcinoma was higher than those in normal esophageal mucosa(P <0.001).There was no significant difference in the expression of HSP27 in esophageal squamous carcinomas with different differentiation degree(P > 0.05).Conclusion Expression of HSP27 was associated with the carcinogenesis of esophageal squamous carcinoma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391770

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of cathepsin B in photoaging skin and its signifi-cance.Methods Skin specimens were obtained from the right forearm(sun-exposed sites)and buttock (unexposed sites)of 6 healthy volunteers with informed consent and subjected to immunohistochemistry for the detection of cathepsin B expression.Primary human fibroblasts derived from the prepuce of children aged 3 to 6 years were cultured in vitro;after 10 to 15 passages,cells were divided into four groups to be treated with methoxsalen of 50 mg/L for 24 hours followed by ultraviolet A(UVA)exposure(premature senescence group),phosphate buffered saline(PBS)only(control group),UVA exposure only(UVA group),methoxsalen only(methoxsalen group).Then,the protein and mRNA expressions of cathepsin B were detected by Western blot and RT-PCR,respectively,in these fibroblasts 1,2,3 weeks after the treatment.Results Cathepsin B was observed in both exposed and unexposed sites of all volunteers,and the average absorbence of cathepsin B was significantly lower in exposed sites than in unexposed sites(0.2130±0.7997 vs 0.4520±0.5921,t=5.37,P<0.05).Decreased protein expression of cathepsin B was also noted in the premature senescence group compared with the other three groups.Moreover,the gray ratio between cathepsin B protein and glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase(GAPDH)in premature senescence group reduced from 28.099±O.054 before treatment to 25.1 03±0.102 in week 1 and 17.693±0.099 in week 3 after UVA exposure.RT-PCR revealed that the mRNA expression level of cathepsin B in fibroblasts of premature senescence group decreased by 36 percent compared with that in the control group.Conclusions The expression of cathepsin B decreases in photoaged skin as well as in UVA-exposed fibroblasts in a time-dependent manner,which may be associated with the self-repair of photoaged skin.

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 736-738, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397964

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence, clinical patterns, and species distribution of pathogenic fungi of onychomyeosis in patients with chronic viral hepatitis (CVH), and to analyze the relationship between onychomycosis and CVH. Methods From November 2005 to October 2006, direct microscopy and fungal culture were performed on nail samples from CVH patients with clinically suspected onychomycosis in the two largest institutions for communicable disease control in Guangzhou city. The incidence, clinical patterns, and species distribution of pathogenic fungi of onychomycosis were assessed based on the findings in mycologic examinations. Results The study randomly recruited 995 patients with CVH, and onychomycosis was diagnosed in 116 patients. The incidence of onychomycosis was 11.66% in total, 6.20%, 8.59%, 14.09%, 19.67% in patients with mild, moderate, severe and extremely severe CVH respectively, 7.09%, 17.29%, 19.13% and 27.27% in patients with a clinical course of CVH of 0.5-9 years, 10-19 years, 20-29 years, ≥30 years respectively. The most common clinical pattern was distal and lateral subungual onychomycosis (DLSO, 69.83%), followed by total dystrophic onychomycosis (TDO, 14.66%). Among the pathogenic fungi, dermatophytes amounted to 71.43%, yeasts 21.43%, moulds 7.14%, and Trichophyton rubrum was the most frequently isolated fungus (42.86%). Conclusions The incidence of onychomycosis in patients with CVH is correlated with the severity and course of CVH. Among these patients, the most common clinical pattern is DLSO with the most frequent fungal species being dermatophytes and predominant fungal isolate being Trichophyton rubrum.

9.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 288-291, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400996

ABSTRACT

Objective To elucidate the molecular basis for induced resistance of N. gonorrhoeae to ceftriaxone in vitro. Methods The reference strain ATCC49226 and clinical isolate ZSSY00205 of N. gon-orrhoeae were exposed to subinhibitory concentration of ceftriaxone for the induction of resistance. Then,suppression subtractive hybridization was performed with the pre-induction parent strains as drivers and post-induction mutant strains as testers to create a subtractive cDNA library. Following that, a total of 192 clones were randomly selected from the library, and arrayed by spotting onto nylon membranes. Finally, dif-ferentially expressed genes were screened by hybridization with labeled-RsaI restriction fragments from the sensitive and resistant N.gonorrhoeae strains respectively, and analyzed by sequencing and homology research using Blast program. Results A subtractive library for these resistant N.gonorrhoeae strains was generated by SSH technique. Microarray analysis and homology research confirmed 5 genes related to ceftriaxone resistance, i.e. mtrR, mtrC, gyrB, rpsJ and PJD1. Conclusions The induced resistance of N. gonorrhoeae to ceftriaxone may be associated with mtrR, mtrC, gyrB, rpsJ and PJD1 genes which probably mediate the resistance by enhancing the activity of efflux pump system.

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