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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 135-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920566

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the status of hair loss and analyze the influencing factors among university students in Hangzhou City, so as to provide insights into the management of hair loss among university students.@*Methods@#University students were recruited using a convenient sampling method from 4 universities in Hangzhou City in June 2021. The basic characteristics and life styles were collected using online questionnaire surveys. Self-reported hair loss was evaluated using the grading scales for loss of hair (Hamilton-Norwood scale for males and modified Ludwig scale for females), and factors affecting self-reported hair loss were identified among university students using the multivariable logistic regression model. @*Results@#A total of 1 060 questionnaires were allocated, and 1 038 valid questionnaires were recovered, with an effective recovery rate of 97.92%. The respondents included 391 males ( 37.67% ) and 647 females ( 62.33% ), and 463 respondents ( 44.61% ) reported hair loss, including 431 students with mild hair loss ( 93.09% ). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that university students in their fourth or fifth years ( OR=1.721, 95%CI: 1.126-2.630 ), art specialty ( OR=0.411, 95%CI: 0.207-0.816 ), overweight or obesity (OR=1.685, 95%CI: 1.050-2.704), diet taste ( sweet: OR=2.131, 95%CI: 1.370-3.316; spicy: OR=1.510, 95%CI: 1.028-2.218; greasy: OR=3.023, 95%CI: 2.015-4.537 ), feeling nervous/anxious (occasionally: OR=1.891, 95%CI: 1.087-3.289; frequently: OR=2.487, 95%CI: 1.337-4.626 ), smoking ( occasionally: OR=1.906, 95%CI: 1.067-3.405; frequently: OR=1.983, 95%CI: 1.050-3.746), family history of hair loss ( OR=1.506, 95%CI: 1.075-2.110 ), perming/dyeing hair ( occasionally: OR=1.795, 95%CI: 1.280-2.517; frequently: OR=3.282, 95%CI: 1.736-6.204), self-perceived oily hair/scalp in the past three months (slightly increased: OR=1.980, 95%CI: 1.477-2.653; significantly increased: OR=5.347, 95%CI: 2.956-9.670) were factors affecting self-reported hair loss among university students.@*Conclusion@#The proportion of self-reported hair loss was 44.61% among university students in Hangzhou City, and hair loss was predominantly mild. A family history of hair loss, nervousness/anxiety, diet habits, smoking and frequency of perm/dyeing hair may affect hair loss among university students.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2028-2033, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908197

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of well-being therapy on fatigue and self-management efficacy of leukemia patients undergoing chemotherapy.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2019, totally 76 leukemia patients who undergoing chemotherapy were divided into experimental group and control group according to the enrolled time, with 38 cases in each group. Patients in the control group recieved routine nursing, the experimental group carried out well-being therapy. Before and after intervention, the effects were assessed by Cancer fatigue scale-Chinses version (CFS-C) and Strategies used by people to promote health-Chinses version (SUPPH-C), respectively.Results:After intervention, the physical fatigue, affective fatigue, cognitive fatigue, and total fatigue scores in CFS-C were 7.64±3.63, 7.28±1.60, 5.19±1.24 and 20.11±3.96 in the experimental group, significantly lower than those in the control group (9.57±3.52, 8.76±2.60, 6.08±1.62 and 24.41±3.86); the positive coping, stress reduction, making decisions, and total scores in SUPPH-C were 57.56±9.72, 40.11±5.99, 12.17±1.95 and 109.83±11.69 in the experimental group, significantly higher than in the control group (50.54±10.80, 36.70±7.62, 10.86±2.10 and 98.11±14.13), the difference was statistically significant ( t value was 2.119-3.856, P<0.05). Conclusion:Well-being therapy can effectively allivate cancer fatigue and promote self-management efficacy of leukemia patients undergoing chemotherapy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 114-119, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884527

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and failure patterns of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) on the basis of modern chemoradiotherapy and diagnostic techniques.Methods:In this retrospective study, clinical data of 201 LS-SCLC patients treated with chemotherapy (EP/CE regimens, ≥4 cycles) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2006 to 2014 were reviewed. All patients were primarily managed with concurrent or sequential chemoradiotherapy and achieved complete response (CR) or partial response (PR). Ninety percent of patients were revaluated for brain metastasis (BM) by MRI and 10% by CT scan. Long-term survival and failure patterns were compared between the PCI ( n=91) and non-PCI groups ( n=110). Results:The median follow-up time was 77.3 months (95% CI 73.0-81.5 months). The median overall survival (OS), 2-and 5-year OS rates were 58.5 months, 72.5% and 47.7% in the PCI group, and 34.5 months, 61.7% and 35.8% in the non-PCI group ( P=0.075). The median progression-free survival (PFS), 2-and 5-year PFS rate were 22.0 months, 48.0% and 43.4% in the PCI group, significantly higher than 13.9 months, 34.4% and 26.7% in the non-PCI group ( P=0.002). The 2- and 5-year cumulative incidence of BM were 6.6% and 12.2% in the PCI group, and 30.0% , 31.0% in the non-PCI group ( P=0.001). The median time and rate of BM as an isolated first site of relapse were 11.9 months and 4.4% in the PCI group, and 8.7 months and 25.5% in the non-PCI group ( P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that response after chemoradiotherapy ( P<0.001) and PCI ( P=0.033) were the independent prognostic factors for PFS. Stratified analysis demonstrated that PCI significantly improved the 5-year PFS in patients who achieved CR (72.7% vs. 48.0%, P=0.013), while it did not improve the 5-year PFS in patients who obtained PR (26.1% vs. 20.2%, P=0.213). Conclusion:In the new era of standard chemoradiotherapy and more accurate diagnostic methods for BM, PCI was associated with improved PFS and lower incidence of BM in LS-SCLC patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 31-38, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798618

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the clinical efficacy of posterior minimally invasive reconstruction plate and 3D-navigated percutaneous sacroiliac screw fixation of elderly patients with posterior pelvic ring fractures.@*Methods@#A retrospective cases control study was performed to analyze the data of 75 elderly patients with posterior pelvic ring fractures admitted from January 2014 to June 2018 in Central Hospital of the PLA. There were 32 males and 43 females, with the age range of 60-83 years (mean, 67.7 years). Twenty-four patients in the plate group were treated by posterior minimally invasive reconstruction plate fixation, and 51 patients in the navigation group were treated by percutaneous sacroiliac screw internal fixation with 3D navigation. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, X-ray exposure time, complication rate and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) were compared between the two groups. Postoperative Matta radiographic criteria was used to assess fracture reduction quality, and Majeed criteria was used to assess pelvic function at the last follow-up.@*Results@#All 75 patients were followed up for 6-24 months (mean, 13.5 months). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and X-ray exposure time in the plate group were (126.1±20.6)minutes, (251.6±50.8)ml, and (15.7±4.4)s, showing significant differences in comparison with the navigation groups [(49.7±17.5)minutes, (22.8±5.1)ml, and (112.8±8.8)s](P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications was not significantly different between the plate group (4%) and the navigation group (4%) (P>0.05). At day 3, one week, and one month postoperatively, the VAS in the navigation group was (3.3±0.7)points, (3.2±0.7)points, (2.4±0.6)points, better than that in the plate group [(7.2±0.7)points, (6.2±0.8)points and (4.5±0.7)points] (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups at 3 months and one year after operation (P>0.05). According to the Matta radiographic criteria, the excellent and good rate was 92% in plate group (excellent in 14 cases, good in 8, and fair in 2), and was 82% in the navigation group (excellent in 25 cases, good in 17 and fair in 9). There was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). According to the Majeed criteria at the follow-up, the excellent and good rate was 96% in the plate group (excellent in 15 cases, good in 8 and fair in 1), and was 94% in the navigation group (excellent in 35 cases, good in 13 and fair in 3). The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#For elderly patients with osteoporotic posterior pelvic ring fractures, percutaneous sacroiliac screw fixation under 3D navigation has the advantages of shorter operation time, less bleeding, less radiation dose and less postoperative pain than minimally invasive reconstruction plate internal fixation, and hence deserves clinical application.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 175-178, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868574

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate localized regional recurrence after chemotherapy and chest radiotherapy in limited stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC),and explore the relationship between recurrence location and radiotherapy and chemotherapy and its influencing factors.Methods From 2006 to 2014,pathological LS-SCLC treated in CAMS,125 patients had local recurrence,Kaplan-Meier statistical method was used to analyze the survival rate and PFS of each recurrence site.Log-rank was used to compare the survival rate of each group.Univariate analysis includes Chi-squareand t-test for the factors for the recurrence site.Multivariate analysis using Logistic regression.Results The 1-,2-and 5-year overall survival rates were 92.0%,46.4% and 14.7%,respectively.The median progression time was 12.96 months,The median survival time after progression was 1 1.5 months,and the 1-,2-,and 5-year overall survival rates were 45.0%,23.0%,and 10.0%,respectively.The recurrence sites include intrapulmonary recurrence (67 patients),regional lymph nodes (21 patients),simultaneous intrapulmonary and regional lymph nodes (28 patients),and contralateral or supraclavicular lymph nodes (9 patients).The median survival time were 23.96 months,24.76 months,23.23 months,and 18.66 months,and the 2-year survival rates were 49%,52%,46%,and1 1%,respectively (P=0.000,0.004,0.008).In 6 patients (4.0%),5 patients were located in the supraclavicular region,and 1 patient (0.8%) in the field.Conclusions For LS-SCLC undergoing IMRT and chemotherapy,the local failure location is mainly located in the pulmonary,and further treatment of the split dose and targets requires further clinical exploration.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 31-38, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867667

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of posterior minimally invasive reconstruction plate and 3D-navigated percutaneous sacroiliac screw fixation of elderly patients with posterior pelvic ring fractures.Methods A retrospective cases control study was performed to analyze the data of 75 elderly patients with posterior pelvic ring fractures admitted from January 2014 to June 2018 in Central Hospital of the PLA.There were 32 males and 43 females,with the age range of 60-83 years (mean,67.7 years).Twenty-four patients in the plate group were treated by posterior minimally invasive reconstruction plate fixation,and 51 patients in the navigation group were treated by percutaneous sacroiliac screw internal fixation with 3 D navigation.The operation time,intraoperative blood loss,X-ray exposure time,complication rate and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) were compared between the two groups.Postoperative Matta radiographic criteria was used to assess fracture reduction quality,and Majeed criteria was used to assess pelvic function at the last follow-up.Results All 75 patients were followed up for 6-24 months (mean,13.5 months).The operation time,intraoperative blood loss and X-ray exposure time in the plate group were (126.1 ± 20.6) minutes,(251.6 ± 50.8) ml,and (15.7 ±4.4)s,showing significant differences in comparison with the navigation groups [(49.7 ± 17.5)minutes,(22.8 ±5.1) ml,and (112.8 ± 8.8) s] (P <0.05).The incidence of postoperative complications was not significantly different between the plate group (4%) and the navigation group (4%) (P >0.05).At day 3,one week,and one month postoperatively,the VAS in the navigation group was (3.3 ± 0.7) points,(3.2 ± 0.7) points,(2.4 ± 0.6) points,better than that in the plate group [(7.2 ± 0.7) points,(6.2 ± 0.8) points and (4.5 ± 0.7) points] (P < 0.05).However,there was no significant difference between the two groups at 3 months and one year after operation (P > 0.05).According to the Matta radiographic criteria,the excellent and good rate was 92% in plate group (excellent in 14 cases,good in 8,and fair in 2),and was 82% in the navigation group (excellent in 25 cases,good in 17 and fair in 9).There was no significant difference between the two groups (P >0.05).According to the Majeed criteria at the follow-up,the excellent and good rate was 96% in the plate group (excellent in 15 cases,good in 8 and fair in 1),and was 94% in the navigation group (excellent in 35 cases,good in 13 and fair in 3).The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P > 0.05).Conclusion For elderly patients with osteoporotic posterior pelvic ring fractures,percutaneous sacroiliac screw fixation under 3D navigation has the advantages of shorter operation time,less bleeding,less radiation dose and less postoperative pain than minimally invasive reconstruction plate internal fixation,and hence deserves clinical application.

7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 415-420, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805534

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the tolerability and short-term efficacy of chemo-radiotherapy in 125 patients with stage ⅡB-ⅣA esophageal carcinoma after radical resection.@*Methods@#We retrospectively evaluated the rate of completion, toxicity and survival of patients undergoing adjuvant concurrent chemo-radiotherapy after radical resection of esophageal carcinoma from January 2004 to December 2014 in our institution. The survival rate was determined by the Kaplan-Meier method and analyzed using the log-rank test. Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed using the Cox proportional hazard model.@*Results@#122 patients received more than 50 Gy dose (97.6%). A total of 52 patients received more than 5 weeks chemo-radiotherapy (41.6%), while 73 patients underwent only 1-4 weeks (58.4%). The median following up was 48.4 months. 8 patients lost follow up (6.4%). The 1-year and 3-year overall survival rate were 91.6% and 57.0%, respectively, with a median survival time of 64.4 months. The 1-year and 3-year disease free survival rate were 73.2% and 54.3%, respectively, with a median disease free survival time of 59.1 months. The most common acute complications associated with chemo-radiotherapy were myelosuppression, radiation esophagitis and radiation dermatitis, the majority of which were Grade 1-2. Of the 125 patients, there were 59 cases of recurrence, including 23 cases with local regional recurrence, 26 cases with hematogenous metastasis, and 8 cases with mixed recurrence. Univariate analysis showed that the numbers of concurrent chemotherapy was associated with the overall survival (P=0.006). But receiving more than 5 weeks was not the prognostic factor compared to 1 to 4 weeks chemotherapy (P=0.231). Multivariate analysis showed that only the numbers of concurrent chemotherapy was an independent prognostic factor (P=0.010).@*Conclusions@#Postoperative radiotherapy concurrent with weekly chemotherapy could improve the overall survival and decrease the recurrence for stage ⅡB-ⅣA esophageal carcinoma after radical resection. However, the completion rate of chemotherapy was low, so it was necessary to explore reasonable regimens to improve the completion rate and carry out prospective randomized controlled trial.

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2612-2616, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803558

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of transitional care based on IMB model on caregivers of patients with hematological malignancies.@*Methods@#A total of 200 patients with hematological neoplasms who were treated with chemotherapy in our hospital from May 2017 to September 2018 were selected, their caregivers were also selected as the research objects, and they were randomly divided into the study group with 82 cases and control group with 85 cases. The study group used a transitional care based on IMB model to intervene the patient caregivers, and the control group received routine nursing care. The general data questionnaire, the Caregiver Positive Feeling Scale (PAC), the Chinese version of Benefit Finding Scale (BFS), the nursing quality satisfaction questionnaire were used to investigate the caregivers.@*Results@#After nursing intervention, the self-affirmation and self-expected dimension scores of PAC in the study group were 18.41±5.65, 18.87±4.23, which were higher than those in the control group (14.56±5.83, 15.24±4.59), the difference was statistically significant (t=2.476, 5.287, P<0.05 or 0.01). The acceptance, family relationship, personal growth, social relations and health behaviors dimension scores of BHS scale in the study group were 10.41±3.12, 9.87±3.93, 22.41±5.12, 10.22±3.52, 9.65±3.17, which were higher than those in the control group 9.06±3.87, 8.14±4.19, 19.51±5.24, 8.47±3.61, 7.52±3.74, the difference was statistically significant (t=2.476-3.963, P<0.05 or 0.01). The nursing satisfaction degree of caregivers in the study group was 75.61% (62/82), which was higher than that in the control group 42.35% (36/85), the difference was statistically significant (χ2=19.039, P < 0.01).@*Conclusions@#Transitional care based on the IMB model can improve the positive feelings in hematological neoplasms caregivers, enhance their benefit findings, and improve the quality of nursing care.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 735-740, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796672

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of symptomatic radiation-induced lung toxicity (SRILT) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with modern radiotherapy after surgery.@*Methods@#Clinical data of consecutive NSCLC patients treated with postoperative three-dimensional conformal or intensity-modulated radiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between November 2002 and December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 3.0), SRILT was defined as ≥grade 2 radiation-induced lung toxicity. Potential clinical risk factors and dosimetric parameters for SRILT were evaluated using logistic regression model.@*Results@#Among 227 enrolled patients, 190 cases underwent lobectomy and 37 patients received pneumonectomy. Twenty-three patients (10.1%) developed SRILT after lobectomy. Seventeen patients experienced grade 2 SRILT, 5 cases of grade 3 SRILT and 1 case of grade 4 SRILT. Univariate analysis showed that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy, relatively large PTV, mean lung dose and V20- V40 were significantly correlated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.015, 0.048 and<0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 were significantly associated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.017 and P=0.009).@*Conclusions@#The incidence of SRILT is relatively low in NSCLC patients after postoperative radiotherapy. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 are risk factors of SRILT.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 735-740, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791418

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of symptomatic radiation-induced lung toxicity (SRILT) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with modern radiotherapy after surgery.Methods Clinical data of consecutive NSCLC patients treated with postoperative three-dimensional conformal or intensity-modulated radiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between November 2002 and December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE,version 3.0),SRILT was defined as ≥ grade 2 radiationinduced lung toxicity.Potential clinical risk factors and dosimetric parameters for SRILT were evaluated using logistic regression model.Results Among 227 enrolled patients,190 cases underwent lobectomy and 37 patients received pneumonectomy.Twenty-three patients (10.1%) developed SRILT after lobectomy.Seventeen patients experienced grade 2 SRILT,5 cases of grade 3 SRILT and 1 case of grade 4 SRILT.Univariate analysis showed that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy,relatively large PTV,mean lung dose and V20-V40 were significantly correlated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.015,0.048 and<0.001).Multivariate analysis demonstrated that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 were significantly associated with the incidence of SRILT (P =0.017 and P =0.009).Conclusions The incidence of SRILT is relatively low in NSCLC patients after postoperative radiotherapy.Concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 are risk factors of SRILT.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 729-733, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807137

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the short-term clinical efficacy and adverse events of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) in the treatment of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).@*Methods@#From January to December 2016, 58 patients (47 male and 11 female) with unresectable locally advanced NSCLC received concurrent or sequential chemoradiotherapy. The radiation dose was ranged from 38 Gy to 66 Gy. The radiation dose was equal or higher than 56 Gy in 53 patients (92%). The median radiotherapy fraction was 30, 1.8 Gy to 3.0 Gy for each fraction. Twenty-eight patients (48%) received concurrent chemoradiotherapy.@*Results@#The median follow-up time was 9 months. The 1-year overall survival (OS) rate was 84% and the 1-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 48%.Eleven patients (19%) suffered from symptomatic radiation pneumonitis and one of them died of radiation pneumonitis. Within 6 months after radiotherapy, 31 patients (53%) developed asymptomatic local pulmonary fibrosis on CT images. Seventeen patients (29%) suffered from grade Ⅱ esophagitis. Ten cases (17%) had ≥ grade Ⅲ adverse events and 9 of them presented with leucopenia.@*Conclusions@#VMAT yields high short-term clinical efficacy and tolerable adverse events in the treatment of locally advanced NSCLC, which does not increase the risk of pneumonitis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 446-451, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806730

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of pretreatment Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio(NLR) in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) patients treated with thoracic radiotherapy.@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyze 420 patients who received thoracic radiotherapy alone, sequential chemoraiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced stage NSCLC from January 2007 to December 2010 of our hospital. The patients were divided into two groups (high NLR group and low NLR group) with appropriate cutoff point using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve method. The survival curve was established by Kaplan-Meier method. The Log-rank test was used to compare the survival of the two NLR groups and the multivariate analysis was carried out by Cox regression model.@*Results@#Among the 420 patients, 99 received radiotherapy alone, 139 received sequential chemoradiotherapy and 182 received concurrent chemoradiotherapy. 345 patients died and 75 were still alive. The median follow-up time was 5.2 years and the median overall survival was 22 months. The cut-off value of pretreatment NLR was 2.1. The 5-year PFS and OS rates in high NLR group and low NLR group were 10.6% vs 15.7% (P=0.033) and 15.5% vs 22.7% (P=0.012). Multivariate analysis confirmed that pretreatment NLR (hazard ratio 1.06, P=0.041) was independent prognostic factor of OS.@*Conclusions@#Our study revealed that the pretreatment NLR is the independent prognostic factor of OS in patients with locally advanced stage NSCLC treated with thoracic radiotherapy. However, NLR is still greatly influenced by patient′s condition and treatment which needs further research.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 638-642, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708252

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the dose distribution and clinical efficacy of hippocampal-sparing prophylactic cranial irradiation ( HS-PCI ) in patients with small cell lung cancer by using helical tomotherapy. Methods Clinical data of 49 patients with small cell lung cancer receiving HS-PCI using helical tomotherapy in Cancer Hospital between 2014 and 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received brain MRI to exclude the possibility of brain metastasis within 1 month after standard surgery or radio-and chemo-therapy. The prescription dose was 95% PTV,25 Gy in 10 fractions. The adverse reactions and cognitive functions of patients were observed before,6 months and 1 year after treatment,and the dose distribution in the hippocampal gyrus,survival rate and brain metastasis rate were analyzed. Results The median follow-up time was 16 months. The average dose in the hippocampal gyrus was 7. 23 Gy and 8. 46 Gy in the reduction region,which was reduced by 71. 88% and 66. 16% compared with the prescription dose. The maximum dose in the hippocampal gyrus was 10. 66 Gy and 15. 43 Gy in the reduction region. Among 49 patients,8 died,the 1-year survival rate was 85. 1% and the 2-year survival rate was 70. 3%.Nine patients (18. 3%) had brain metastases,and one of them with extensive multiple brain metastases (n=13) presented with metastasis adjacent to the hippocampal gyrus. The main adverse reactions included mild headache, dizziness and brain edema,whereas no ≥ grade 2 adverse reactions occurred. At 6 months after treatment, the HVLT-R score was significantly decreased,and declined by 6. 78% at 12 months after treatment. The HVLT-R scores did not significantly differ in patients without brain metastasis before and 12 months after treatment ( P>0. 05 ). Conclusion Application of HS-PCI using helical tomotherapy meets the dose requirement,effectively protects the cognitive function and yields slight adverse reactions.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 559-563, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708235

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the objective response rate, survival and safety of radiotherapy combined with Iressa for patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) unsuitable for surgery or concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Methods The patients with locally advanced NSCLC unsuitable for surgery or concurrent chemoradiotherapy were recruited and received thoracic intensity-modulated radiotherapy ( IMRT) combined with Iressa 250 mg daily. Results A total of 30 patients were enrolled between July 2014 and March 2017. Twenty-nine patients were analyzed. At 1 month after radiotherapy,the complete response (CR) was 0,partial response (PR) was 21(72%),stable disease (SD) was 6(21%), progressive disease (PD) was 2(7%),the disease control rate (CR+PR+SD) was 93%,and the objective response rate was 72%. The median follow-up time was 25 months. Fourteen ( 48%) patients died,and 15 (52%) survived. Twenty-three (79%) patients obtained PD including local progression in 18(62%) and distant metastasis in 14(48%). The median survival time (MST) was 26 months and the median PFS was 11 months. The 1-year OS and PFS were 79% and 44%,and the 2-year OS and PFS were 55% and 18%. Univariate analysis demonstrated that smoking history and disease stage were influencing factors for OS ( P=0. 035,0. 031) . Moreover, disease stage, the primary tumor diameter, the volume of GTV and PTV were influencing factors for PFS (P=0. 000,0. 016,0. 039,0. 030). Multivariable analysis revealed that disease stage and the volume of PTV were independent prognostic factors for PFS (P=0. 000,0. 012).Two patients ( 7%) developed grade 3 acute adverse events and 7 ( 24%) experienced grade 2 acute irradiation pneumonitis. Conclusions For patients with locally advanced NSCLC unsuitable for surgery or concurrent chemoradiotherapy,IMRT combined with Iressa yields high objective response rate and well tolerance. The long-term clinical efficacy remains to be validated.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 256-260, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708177

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognosis of intensity-modulated radiotherapy(IMRT)combined with chemotherapy for limited-stage small cell lung cancer(LS-SCLC). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 484 LS-SCLC patients treated with chemoradiotherapy in our center from 2006 to 2014. The patients with partial or complete response to IMRT received prophylactic cranial irradiation(PCI). The Kaplan?Meier method was used to calculate survival rates, and the log-rank test and Cox regression were used for univariate and multivariate analyses, respectively. Results In all the patients, the follow-up rate was 93%;the median overall survival(OS) time was 23.8 months;the 2-,3-,and 5-year OS rates were 48.7%,39.8%,and 28.6%,respectively;the median progression-free survival(PFS)time was 14.1 months;the 2-, 3-, and 5-year PFS rates were 34.4%,30.5%, and 28.3%, respectively. The incidence rates of grade ≥3 bone marrow suppression, grade ≥2 radiation esophagitis, and grade ≥2 radiation pneumonitis were 26.9%, 24.8%, and 18.4%, respectively, in SCLC patients after IMRT. The objective response rate was 84.5%. The univariate analysis showed that age, smoking history, TNM stage, PCI, and the number of chemotherapy cycles before radiotherapy were prognostic factors for OS(P= 0.006, 0.001, 0.047, 0.000, and 0.046). The multivariate analysis showed that smoking history and PCI were independent prognostic factors(P=0.001 and 0.000).Conclusions IMRT combined with chemotherapy achieves satisfactory clinical outcomes in the treatment of LS-SCLC. Smoking history and PCI are independent prognostic factors for OS of LS-SCLC patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 175-178, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709214

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effects of navigation-guided hollow screw fixation on the treatment of elderly patients with the sacroiliac complex injury.Methods Twentyone older patients with sacroiliac complex injury received the three-dimensional images-guided percutaneous hollow screw fixation from March 2015 to May 2016.There were 14 males and 7 females with age of 60-73 years[average(63.5 ± 3.7) years].Traffic accident injury was found in 15 cases,falling injury in 5 cases,others in one case.The pelvic fractures were classified by tile classification:type B2 in 2 cases,type B3 in 6 cases,type C1 in 5 cases,type C2 in 6 cases,type C3 in 2 cases.Intraoperative observation data,the injury of nerve and blood vessel during the screw insertion,postoperative fracture reposition and so on were recorded.The quality of fracture reposition was evaluated by Matta radiological criteria after surgery,and the pelvic function was assessed by Majeed scoring criteria at the last follow-up.Results A total of 30 hollow screws in 21 elderly patients were placed under three-dimensional images navigation,and each screw fixation time was 36-45 min,average (40.5±4.7)min with a small amount of bleeding (10-20)ml.Postoperative examinations showed that S1 vertebral cortical bone screw wear was found in one patient,and the end of the bolt washer was internalized into the outer table of the ilium without breaking the medial iliac plate in another patient.The above two patients had no postoperative complications.Other screws positions were good,without nerve or vascular injury and other complications.Postoperative reposition quality evaluated by the Matta radiological criteria showed that 14 cases had excellent quality,five with good quality,two with fair quality,and no case with poor quality.Therefore,the excellent and good rates were 90.5 %.Moreover,19 elderly patients were followed up for 7-13 months average(10.3± 2.1)months,and only one patient showed the bilateral sacroiliac joint screws outside the lateral sacroiliac joint 5 mm.However,this patient had good function in the later follow-up without further prolapse.The remaining 18 patients assessed by the pelvic X-ray and CT at the end of the follow-up showed a good fracture healing,no screw breakage,loosening,and prolapse.Meanwhile,pelvic function findings evaluated by the Majeed standard demonstrated that nine cases were with excellent function,ten with good function,and the excellent and good rates were 90.5%.Conclusions Three-dimensional images-guided hollow screw fixation for the treatment of elderly patients with the sacroiliac complex injury is safe and effective with less trauma and high nailing accurateness.However,the placing process should be cautious in the elderly with osteoporosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 744-748, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620253

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of rescue treatment for recurrent esophageal cancer after radical esophagectomy, and to provide insights into the development of comprehensive treatment for esophageal cancer.Methods The clinical data of 218 patients who were confirmed with recurrent metastatic esophageal cancer after R0 resection and received rescue treatment in our hospital from 2004 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed.The survival rate was determined by the Kaplan-Meier method.Univariate and multivariate prognostic analyses were performed using the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards model, respectively.Results The median post-recurrence follow-up time was 53 months.The 1-and 3-year overall survival (OS) rates after recurrence were 57.2% and 24.4%, respectively.Among the 163 patients with local recurrence, the 1-and 3-year OS rates were 70% and 42% for patients treated with chemoradiotherapy (n=40), 55% and 24% for those with radiotherapy alone (n=106), and 23% and 8% for those with supportive therapy (n=13)(chemoradiotherapy vs.radiotherapy alone P=0.045, radiotherapy alone vs.supportive therapy P=0.004;none of the patients who were treated with chemotherapy alone survived for one year or more).Univariate analysis showed that N staging, TNM staging, and post-recurrence rescue treatment regimen were independent prognostic factors for esophageal cancer (all P=0.001).On the other hand, multivariate analysis indicated that only rescue treatment regimen was the independent prognostic factor for esophageal cancer (P=0.013).Conclusions Rescue chemoradiotherapy or radiotherapy alone can bring significant survival benefits for patients with recurrent and metastatic, especially locally recurrent, esophageal cancer following radical esophagectomy.

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Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1221-1226, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496472

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To study the antiproliferation and proapoptotic effects of zoledronic acid ( ZOL) on human a-cute myeloid leukemia cell line U937.METHODS:The viability of U937 cells was detected by CCK-8 assay.The cell cy-cle of the U937 cells was analyzed by flow cytometry with PI staining.Apoptotic rate was assessed by flow cytometry with Annexin V-PI and Hoechst 33342 staining.Mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by JC-1 assay.Methylcellulose was used to assess colony formation.The protein levels of p21, Bcl-2 and Bax were determined by Western blot.RE-SULTS:ZOL inhibited the viability of U937 cells.ZOL induced S-phase cell cycle arrest in the U937 cells.The results of flow cytometry analysis with Annexin V-PI and Hoechst 33342 staining showed that ZOL also induced apoptosis in a dose-and time-dependent manner.Mitochondrial membrane potential assay was also used to verify the apoptosis.The apoptotic rate was consistent with the reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential.Colony formation assay showed that ZOL signifi-cantly inhibited the colony formation capacity of the U937 cells.This was achieved by the induction of S-phase cell cycle arrest, and up-regulation of Bax and p21, and down-regulation of Bcl-2.CONCLUSION:ZOL inhibits cell proliferation by regulating the expression of cell cycle-related protein, and induces apoptosis via the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 605-610, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480477

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the incidence and related predictive factors for acute symptomatic esophagitis in patients with locally advanced non?small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC ) treated with intensity?modulated radiation therapy ( IMRT) . Methods Data were collected retrospectively from 256 patients with inoperable or unresectable stage Ⅲ NSCLC treated in our hospital between January 2007 and December 2011. The radiotherapy target volume included primary lung cancer and lymphatic drainage area involved,with a median dose of 60 Gy in 30 fractions (50-70 Gy).Of all the patients,109 patients (42.6%) received concurrent chemotherapy. Grade ≥2 acute esophagitis ( AE ) ( symptomatic esophagitis ) which occurred during radiotherapy and within 3 months after completion of radiotherapy served as the outcome event. National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0( NCI?CTCAE3.0) was used to evaluate the grade of AE. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the predictive factors. Results A total of 174 patients ( 68%) had treatment?related grade ≥2 AE;154 patients ( 60. 2%) had grade 2 AE and 20 patients (7.8%) had grade 3 AE.The median dose when grade≥2 AE occurred was 30 Gy (11?68 Gy).For grade≥2 AE,multivariate analysis showed that esophageal V5?V60,mean dose,and age were independent predictive factors (P=0.021,0,0.010).For grade ≥3 AE,multivariate analysis showed that esophageal V50?V60 ,concurrent chemotherapy,and body mass index ( BMI) were independent predictive factors ( P= 0.010,0.003,0.019 ) . Old age and higher BMI were the protective factors for grade≥2 and ≥3 AE, respectively. Conclusions For patients with locally advanced NSCLC treated with IMRT, esophageal V50—V60 and concurrent chemotherapy are predictive factors for grade ≥3 AE,and esophageal V50 has a high predictive value for both grade ≥2 and ≥3 AE.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 479-483, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476517

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of radiation?induced lung injury ( RILI ) in patients with locally advanced non?small cell lung cancer ( LA?NSCLC ) after involved?field intensity?modulated radiotherapy ( IMRT) and concurrent chemotherapy, and to figure out the predictive factors for RILI. Methods Two hundred and fifty?six patients with stage Ⅲ NSCLC who were treated without surgery in our hospital from January 2007 to December 2011 were enrolled as subjects. All patients received involved?field IMRT with a median dose of 60 Gy ( 50?70 Gy) in 30 fractions. In all patients, 109 patients (42.6%) received concurrent chemotherapy. The National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 3. 0 was used to evaluate the RILI grade. The incidence of grade ≥2 RILI ( symptomatic RILI, SRILI ) within 6 months after radiotherapy served as the end point. The predictive factors for RILI were analyzed using logistic regression model. Results In all patients, 215 ( 84%) were male, and 41(16%) were female. The mean age at diagnosis was 59.2 years. Forty?three (16.7%) patients had grade ≥2 RILI. The mean duration between the incidence of RILI and the beginning of radiotherapy was 64 days ( 20?169 days) . Univariate analysis showed that smoking, peripheral or central tumor location, mean lung dose ( MLD) for both lungs, and V5?V20 for both lungs were suspected to be associated with the development of SRILI (P=0.108,0.106,0.030,0.049). Multivariate analysis showed the MLD and V5?V20 for both lungs were independent predictive factors for SRILI P=(0.048). Conclusions For patients with LA?NSCLC treated with involved?field IMRT, the MLD and the volume of low?dose region in dose volume histogram for both lungs are significantly correlated with the incidence of SRILI.

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