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Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 618-621, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615350


Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with CT-guided thermal ablation (radiofrequency ablation or microwave ablation) in treating intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.Methods The clinical data of 14 patients with pathologicallyproved intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma,who were admitted to authors' hospital during the period from September 2009 to July 2013 to receive TACE with subsequent radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or microwave ablation (MWA),were retrospectively analyzed.A total of 18 lesions were detected in the 14 patients.The maximal diameter of the lesion (or the sum of maximal diameters if there were multiple lesions) ranged from 2.2 cm to 7.2 cm (mean 4.2±1.4 cm).After TACE,the lesion's complete ablation rate,surgical complications,tumor-free survival time and overall survival time were evaluated.Results Complete ablation was obtained in 15 lesions (83.3%,15/18).The incidence of moderate complications was 6.2%,and no severe complications or death occurred.After the treatment,the patients were followed up for 6-14 months,with a mean of (16.0±10.3) months.At the end of follow-up,6 patients (42.9%,6/14) died.The median tumor-free survival time in patients whose lesions obtained complete ablation was 17 months.The median survival time of all patients was 20 months.The 1-,2-and 3-year overall survival rates were 82.5%,41.3% and 20.6% respectively.Conclusion TACE combined with thermal ablation can be regarded as one of the treatment options for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.

Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2609-2612, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495563


Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognosis of transcatheter arterial chemoembo-lization(TACE)combined with radiofrequency ablation(RFA)in treatment of liver cancer.Methods 64 patients of liver cancer were selected as the research subjects,and they were divided into two groups by randomized single blind method.32 cases in the control group adopted the TACE treatment,while 32 cases in the observation group were given TACE combined with RFA.The tumor shrinkage,complete necrosis rate,local recurrence rate,AFP levels and adverse reactions of the two groups were compared.The patients were followed up for 3 years to record survival.Results After treatment,the tumor shrinkage rate and complete necrosis rate of the observation group were 90.63% and 75.00%, which were significantly higher than 68.75% and 50.00% of the control group,the differences were statistically significant (χ2 =8.453,8.203,all P 0.05 ).Conclusion TACE combined with RFA in treatment of liver cancer can significantly improve the effect of tumor necrosis rate,reduce the local recurrence rate and prolong the survival time of the patients, and it had less adverse reaction,higher safety,and which should be applied in clinical.

Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 523-526, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389801


Objective This study aimed to investigate the incidence and the cause for duodenalbiliary reflux and reflux cholangitis after metallic stent placement in distal common bile duct Methods After percutaneous transhepatic bile duct puncture and biliary outside drainage was performed, 16 cases with malignant distal biliary stricture underwent metallic stent placement in distal common bile duct Before stent placement, the routine laboratory studies including leukocyte, neutrophil percentage and the levels of total bilirubin and direct bilirubin in blood were performed for all patients. Two to five days [ an average of (3.3 ±0. 9) days ] after stent implantation, the above indexes were tested again, and 1 ml of water containing 185 MBq of 99Tcm-DTPA was given orally before extubation, then 99Tcm radioactivity in the bile was detected 2 hours later. For the measurement data obtained from the experiment, t test or Wilcoxon signed rank test was adopted to compare them, and P < 0. 05 was considered to be statistically different Results In 14 cases, radioactivity was successfully detected in the bile 2-5 days after stent implantation. Twelve of them was detected to have radioactivity in the bile 2 hours before extubation with duodenal-biliary reflux. The technetium count in the bile accounted for 1.82% of the total intake dose. There was no radioactivity in the bile in 2 cases. In 14 patients, there were no symptoms of cholangitis such as high fever, chills, increased jaundice, and so on after stent implantation. The mean of white blood cell count was (7.59 t2. 62) × 109/L, and the median of neutrophil percentage was 0. 74. Compared with those before stent implantation, the difference did not reach statistical significance ( t = 0. 423, Z = 1. 036, P > 0. 05 ).After stent implantation, the median of total bilirubin and direct bilirubin were significantly lower, which were 92. 2 and 74. 3 μmol/L. Compared with those before stenting,the difference was statistically significant (Z= -3. 170, -3. 170, P <0.05). Conclusions There is a high incidence of duodenal-biliary reflux after stent implantation in distal common bile duct in the early stage. However, there is no simultaneous cholangitis caused by duodenal-biliary reflux.

Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6)1955.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573632


Objective To prove the mechanism of diethylstibestrol(DES) induced abnormal spermatogenesis,this study on the changes of proto-oncogenes bcl-2 and p53 proteins as well as cadherin adherens molecules expression in adult male hamster spermatogenic cells. Methods Adult male golden hamsters were treated daily olive oil vehicle either alone(control)or containing 1 mg/kg body weight of DES (experiment)by subcutaneous injection for 7 days.The changes of testes histological morphology were observed under light and electron microscope.The expressions of bcl-2 and p53 and cadherin in the testes seminiferous epithelium were detected by immunohistochemistry. Results DES induced adult hamster testes abnormal spermatogenesis.As compared to the control group animals,in DES-treated group animals the expression of both bcl-2 and p53 significantly increased in spermatogenic cells,especially in spermatocytes and round spermatids.However,the expression of cadherin adherens molecules obviously decreased.Conclusion It is one of reasons of DES inducing abnormal spermatogenesis that DES can result in increasing in the expression of proto-oncogenes bcl-2 and p53,and reducing cadherin adherens molecules expression.