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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390133


Objective To investigate the expressions of interferon γ(IFNγ), interferon inducible protein-10(IP-10). chemokine receptor CXCR3 and their significance in infection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome(IAHPS). Methods Forty-three patients with IAHPS, 35 infection patients without HPS and 25 healthy controls were included in the study. The serum IFNγ and IP-10 levels were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expression of CXCR3 on cell surface of CD_4~+ and CD_8~+ T cells in peripheral blood was determined by flow cytometry. SPSS 13.0 was used for data processing, and independent-sample t test was performed to compare the differences among the groups. Results The serum IFNγ and IP-10 levels in patients with IAHPS were( 608±135) pmol/L and(939±141) pmol/L respectively, which were significantly higher than those in without HPS group[(154±45) pmol/L and (385±119) pmol/L, t=4.97 and 4.02, P<0.05] and healthy controls[(56±18) pmol/L and (248±98) pmol/L, t=5.27 and 4.77, P<0.05]. The expressions of CXCR3 on CD_4~+ and CD_8~+ T cells in IAHPS group were (35±11)% and (23±8)% respectively, which were significantly higher than those in without HPS group[(24±7)% and (16±7)%, t=3.12 and 3.62, P<0.05] and healthy controls[(20±6)% and (12±5)%, t=4.46 and 4.93, P<0.05]. Conclusion The expressions of IFNγ, IP-10 and CXCR3 are increased significantly in patients with IAHPS, which may be related to the disease pathogenesis.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381534


Objective To investigate the clinical application of VCS parameters of leukocyte in the detection of blood bacterial infection, Methods The subjects consisted of 120 patients with blood bacterial infection,69 non-infectious fever patients and 67 health controls.The VCS parameters of neutrophil and lymphocyte were examined with Coulter LH 750 hematology analyzer.The parameters examined including mean channel of neutrophil volume(MNV),neutrophil volume distribution width (NDW) ,mean channel of neutrophil conductivity (MNC),mean channel of neutrophil scatter (MNS),mean channel of lymphocyte volme(MLV),lymphocyte volume distfibufion width (LDW),mean channel of lymphocyte conductivity (MLC) and mean channel of lymphocyte scatter (MLS).Additionally,120 blood bacterial infection patients were grouped according to WBC count(WBC≤10×109/L group and WBC>10×109/L group),neutrophii rate(≥85%group and<85%group)and bacterial stain(Gram positive bacteria group and Gram negative bacteria group).VCS parameters among these groups were compared.Results The results of blood infection group were as follows:MNV 156±15,NDW 23.31±3.72,MNS 137±7,MLV 87±12,LDW 17.50±3.38.MLC 110±5 and MLS 69±12.The results of non-infectious fever group were as follows:MNV 151±8,NDW 21.33 ±2.62,MNS 132±10,MLV 91±4.LDW 15.78±1.96.MLC 117±4 and MLS 62±6.The results of control group were as follows:MNV145 ±5.NDW 18.43±0.93.MNS 143 ±4,MLV 84±2,LDW 13.30±0.76.MLC 108±1 and MLS 62±2.There were significant diffierences among these three groups (F value were 19.295,26.272,32.767,6.226,31.016,23.739 and 12.662 respectively,P<0.05 or P<0.01).In the infection group.the MNV and NDW were 152 ±16 and 22.19±3.45 respectively for WBC≤10×109/L group.159±12 and 25.29±3.43 respectively for WBC>10×109/L group.They were both significantly different compared with control group (F valRe were 21.575 and 40.856 respectively,P<0.01).Also in the infection group.the MNV and NDW were 159±12 and 24.88 ±3.74 respectively for neutrophil rate≥85%group.151±16 and 21.68±2.29 respectively for neutrophil rate<85%group.They were both significantly different compared with control group(F value were 23.76 and 43.22 respectively,P<0.01).The MNV and NDW were 157±15 and 24.25±3.39 respectively in those cases with gram-negative bacteremia,153±14 and 21.51±3.78 respectively in those cases with gram-positive bacteremia.They were both signifieanfly difierent compared with control group (F value were 18.74 and 37.47 respectively,P<0.01).With a cut-off value of 20.50 for the NDW,a sensitivity of 76.7%and specificity of 98.3% were achieyed in diagnosing blood hacterial infection.Conclusion The VCS parameters can reflect the morphologic change of leukocyte in blood bacterial infection.Additionally.the NDW can detect blood bacterial infection more sensitively and specifically.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383802


Objective Analyze the historical data of critical values lists,providing scientific evidence for continuous improvement of critical value systems.Methods Screen out critical value lists data of 2006 from laboratory information system,after pretreatment and transformation of data,calculate the percentage of critical value,and its daily distribution,weekly distribution and department distribution, evaluate the range and turnaround time for critical value.Results The rate of critical value was 1.67%.It was mainly concentrated from 8 to 13 O'clock.Monday and Thursday have more critical value than other days.From the perspective of department,the majority critical value was from hematology department and transplantation department.After the evaluation of distribution diagram of critical value range,the lower critical value limit of blood potassium was adjusted from 3.0 mmol/L to 2.8 mmol/L,the blood platelet and leukocyte counts for parlents with hematology disease were a(Ijusted from 20×109/L,1.5×109/L to 10×1O9/L,1.0×109/L respectively.The laboratory turnaround time for 76.2% critical value was less than 1 hour.Conclusion Review and analyze critical value lists data regularly can improve the work efficiency and quality for the laboratory and clinic department and better meet patients' safety needs.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-583736


Objective To evaluate the clinical application of HLA-peptides tetramer staining flow cytometry for determining HBV specific CD8+ cells.Methods HBV specific CD8+ cells in whole blood samples of chronic hepatitis B patients were stained with tetramer complex of HLA-A2 and HBV core 18-27 peptide and counted by flow cytometry. Results The medians of percentages of HBV specific CD8+ cells of total CD8+ cells were 0.20%(0.02%~2.04%) in 11 acute hepatitis B patients and 0.05%(