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1.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 273-278, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994459

ABSTRACT

The Janus kinase (JAK) -signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling pathway is closely related to the occurrence of psoriasis. Various cytokines, including interleukin (IL) -23, IL-22, interferon (IFN) -γ, etc., can promote some key pathologic processes (such as the proliferation and abnormal differentiation of keratinocytes, and infiltration of inflammatory cells) via the JAK-STAT pathway in psoriasis, which suggests that targeting JAK-STAT pathway is a new strategy for the treatment of psoriasis. In recent years, small-molecule JAK inhibitors have shown good efficacy and safety in the treatment of psoriasis, and drugs targeting STAT pathway have been under development, which provide more treatment options for psoriasis. This review summarizes progress in drugs targeting the JAK-STAT signaling pathway in the treatment of psoriasis.

2.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 384-388, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912881

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the efficacy of acupoint sticking with Jianpi Tongjing Zhitong ointment in the treatment of functional dyspepsia due to liver-qi stagnation and spleen deficiency and its effect on serum 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and ghrelin contents. Methods: One hundred patients with functional dyspepsia due to liver-qi stagnation and spleen deficiency were divided into a treatment group and a control group by the random number table method, with 50 cases in each group. The treatment group received acupoint sticking with Jianpi Tongjing Zhitong ointment and the control group was treated with mosapride citrate orally. Patients were treated for 4 weeks as a course. The therapeutic efficacy was compared after one-course treatment and the differences in gastric emptying rate, and serum 5-HT and ghrelin contents between groups were compared before and after treatment. Results: The total effective rate was 79.6% in the control group and 89.4% in the treatment group, showing significantly different between groups (P<0.05). After treatment, the gastric emptying rate and serum ghrelin content of the two groups increased significantly, and the serum 5-HT content decreased significantly, the intra-group differences were significant (all P<0.01). After treatment, the gastric emptying rate and serum ghrelin content were significantly higher in the treatment group than those in the control group, while the serum 5-HT was significant lower in the treatment group, the inter-group differences were significant (all P<0.05). A negative correlation (r=-0.59) was observed between serum 5-HT content and gastric emptying rate, and a positive correlation (r=0.64) was observed between serum ghrelin content and gastric emptying rate, showing statistical significance (all P<0.01). Conclusion: Acupoint sticking with Jianpi Tongjing Zhitong ointment has a remarkable clinical efficacy in treating patients with functional dyspepsia due to liver-qi stagnation and spleen deficiency and is able to influence the secretion of serum 5-HT and ghrelin. Improving the gastrointestinal motility through the regulation of related brain-gut peptides is suggested as an underlying mechanism for this therapy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 385-389, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910326

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application value of bismuth shielding combined with organ tube current modulation (X-care) in brain CT scanning by measuring the radiation dose of sensitive organs.Methods:The head and neck phantom was scanned with Siemens dual source CT at the same volume CT dose index (CTDI vol) by X-care, bismuth shielding and x-care combined with bismuth shielding, and by dual energy CT angiography (DE-CTA) with and without bismuth shielding. The CT values of cerebral vessels, adjacent brain tissues and cerebrospinal fluid and image noise were measured, and the contrast noise ratio of cerebral vessels and brain parenchyma was calculated. Organ dose equivalent ( HT) was calculated by placing thermoluminescent personal dosimeter (TLD), and CTDI vol and dose length product (DLP) were recorded after each scan. Results:Under the same CTDI vol, the mean values of HT, lens with X-care, Bi shielding and X-care combined with Bi shielding were(37.89 ± 2.00), (42.20 ± 2.96) and (28.21 ± 1.31) mSv, respectively, significantly lower than those of conventional sequence scanning( F=186.52, P<0.05). The values of HT, thyroid with Bi shielding and X-care combined with Bi shielding were (0.77 ± 0.07) and (0.89 ± 0.08) mSv, lower than those of routine brain scan and X-care( F=103.26, P<0.05). The values of HT, lens and HT, thyroidof DE-CTA with bismuth shielding were (11.56 ± 1.04) and (0.32 ± 0.03) mSv, respectively, significantly lower than those without bismuth shielding( t=5.07, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in noise and CNR in routine brain scan between with and without X-care, bismuth shielding and X-care combined with bismuth shielding. There was no significant difference in noise and CNR in dual energy CTA scanning between with and without Bi shielding. Conclusions:Using bismuth shielding and organ tube current modulation, we can significantly reduce organ dose of lens and thyroid during brain CT scanning without sacrificing the image quality.

4.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 139-146, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885995

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the intervention effect of auricular point sticking on dry eye in myopia patients after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) surgery.Methods: This was a prospective randomized controlled study conducted among the myopia patients who received SMILE surgery at Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University. The post-SMILE operation patients who screened by the inclusion and exclusion criteria were randomized into a control group and a treatment group. Patients in the control group were given 0.1% fluorometholone and 0.5% carboxymethylcellulose sodium eye drops, while the treatment group was given additional unilateral auricular point sticking for 1 month. The patients were estimated using ocular surface disease index (OSDI), Schirmer tear test-1 (STT-1), tear film break-up time (TF-BUT), corneal fluorescein staining (CFS) score, corneal sensitivity (CS) and visual quality (VQ) at 1 d, 1 week and 1 month after surgery; the changes in anxiety and depression were also observed in the patients. Results: Compared with the first day after operation, CS in the nasal region was improved in the treatment group, and the VQ score increased in the control group patients at 1 week after operation (both P<0.05); at 1 month after operation, the TF-BUT increased, CFS score decreased, CS in the central and nasal regions increased (all P<0.05), and VQ score increased (P<0.01) in the treatment group, and the CS in the central, upper, lower and nasal regions were improved (all P<0.05), and VQ score increased (P<0.01) in the control group. The between-group comparison showed that the differences in the change of TF-BUT were statistically significant at 1 week and 1 month after surgery, respectively (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Auricular point sticking therapy can increase the TF-BUT and accelerate the repair of ocular surface function in post-SMILE patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 70-73, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865712

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the application value of practical demonstration of actual X-ray film images in the experimental teaching of radiography technology courses in medical imaging undergraduates.Methods:A total of 63 medical imaging undergraduates of Grade 2015 were randomly divided into three groups to receive part of the experimental courses about chest and abdomen radiography examination. Their pre-class work and machine were the same. As the experimental group, group A and group B added demonstration with X ray film images, while group C (control group) did not. The different teaching effects of the two methods were evaluated by simulate practical assessment and quiz. The accepting degree of demonstration method was evaluated in accordance with questionnaire survey.Results:The scores of simulated practical assessment (7.36±1.39) and quiz (4.24±2.01) in experimental group were significantly higher than those of (6.05±1.28) and (3.10±1.48) in the control group, with a statistically significant difference ( P<0.01, P=0.024). Questionnaire survey showed that the experimental group were 100% accepted practical demonstration of X ray film images. Conclusion:The application of practical demonstration of X-ray film images in radiology technology experimental courses can help undergraduates to accept new knowledge, deepen impression on knowledge and improve teaching effect, which is worth developing and popularizing.

6.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 238-246, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical application patterns in acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of AD by reviewing the clinical literatures on acupuncture-moxibustion for Alzheimer disease (AD) published between January 2009 and December 2019. Methods: China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Academic Journal Full-text Database (Wanfang), Chongqing VIP Database (CQVIP), Chinese Medicine Acupuncture-moxibustion Information Database, PubMed Medical Data Retrieval Service System, Springer Database and Ovid Technologies (OVID) were retrieved to screen clinical studies of acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of AD according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria to conduct quantitative, clustering and association analyses. Results: In acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of AD, the frequently used points were Baihui (GV 20), Zusanli (ST 36), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Taixi (KI 3), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), and Neiguan (PC 6) in the descending order. Regarding meridians, the most frequently used one was the Governor Vessel, followed by the Stomach Meridian of Foot Yangming and Gallbladder Meridian of Foot Shaoyang. From the perspective of body regions, the points in the head-face region and the lower-limb region had the highest frequencies, followed by the upper-limb, back and chest-abdomen regions. The point group, Baihui (GV 20) and Sishencong (EX-HN 1)-Neiguan (PC 6)-Sanyinjiao (SP 6), showed the most significant association, and the group winning the second place was Baihui (GV 20) and Sishencong (EX-HN 1)-Neiguan (PC 6)- Zusanli (ST 36). The clustering analysis showed that the commonly used point pairs included Zusanli (ST 36)-Sishencong (EX-HN 1) and Taixi (KI 3)-Sanyinjiao (SP 6), which were closely associated with Baihui (GV 20). By analyzing the three commonly used acupuncture-moxibustion methods, acupuncture plus medication was found achieving the best result in the total effective rate and mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score, followed by monotherapy of electroacupuncture therapy, and these two methods were superior to acupuncture alone (P<0.05); the scores of MMSE, Alzheimer disease assessment scale-cognitive section (ADAS-cog) and activity of daily living scale (ADL) showed significant improvements after treatment (all P<0.01). Conclusion: In the acupuncture-moxibustion prescriptions for AD, the main points are Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Neiguan (PC 6), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Taixi (KI 3). Monotherapy of acupuncture has the highest frequency amongst the treatment methods, but its effective rate is lower than that of acupuncture plus medication and monotherapy of electroacupuncture.

7.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 96-104, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824957

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of moxibustion on colonic inflammation, and the expressions of ubiquitin and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (Nod)-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) proteins in rats with ulcerative colitis (UC), and to explore the anti-inflammatory mechanism of moxibustion in the UC treatment. Methods: Clean grade male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into a normal group (NG), a model group (MG), a moxa-stick moxibustion group (MSMG) and a Western medicine group (WMG). UC model was prepared by freely drinking 35 g/L dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) solution. Bilateral Tianshu (ST 25) were selected for mild moxibustion treatment in the MSMG; mesalazine solution was intragastrically administrated in the WMG. Rats in the NG and MG were only grasped and fixed as in the MSMG without any treatment. After treatment, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe and score the colonic pathological damage under light microscope; immunofluorescence method was used to determine the expression of colonic ubiquitin protein; immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expressions of colonic interleukin (IL)-1β and NLRP3 proteins. Results: The colon tissue was severely injured, and the pathological score was significantly increased in the MG than in the NG (P<0.01), and the protein expressions of ubiquitin, NLRP3 and IL-1β in the colon were significantly increased (all P<0.01). Compared with the MG, the colonic damage was repaired, the inflammation and pathological scores were reduced, and the ubiquitin, NLRP3 and IL-1β protein expressions were decreased in the MSMG and WMG (all P<0.01). Correlation analysis revealed that the ubiquitin protein expression was correlated with the colonic pathological score and the NLRP3 protein expression (r=0.677, P<0.01; r=0.536, P<0.05). Conclusion: Moxibustion can down-regulate the protein expressions of ubiquitin, NLRP3 and IL-1β in the colon of UC rats, which may be one of the mechanisms to promote the repair of colonic inflammatory lesions and exert anti-inflammatory effects.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 353-357, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745123

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate and compare the 3 common inspection techniques for acute atlantoaxial trauma:tomosynthesis(DTS),digital radiology(DR) and computed tomography(CT).Methods The imaging data from March 2013 through December 2017 were retrieved from the Picture Archiving and Communication Systems(PACS) of The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University concerning the patients with acute atlantoaxial trauma.Selected for this study were 50 DTS images(DTS group),50 CT images(CT group) and 50 DR images(DR group).The image diagnoses for the 3 groups were conducted by 2 senior radiologists and their judgments were compared with the definite clinical diagnoses.The 3 groups were compared in terms of diagnostic accuracy,diagnostic rate of acute atlantoaxial trauma,image quality and effective radiation dosage.Results DR was insignificantly different from DTS or CT in diagnostic accuracy for the acute atlantoaxial Irauma which had been caused by mild violence like spraining and falling(P>0.05),but significantly inferior to both DTS and CT in diagnostic accuracy and diagnostic rate of the acute atlantoaxial trauma which had been caused by severe violence like traffic accident(P<0.05).In detection of atlas/axial fracture and atlantoaxial dislocation,DTS was slightly weaker than CT but significantly better than DR(P<0.05).The image quality scores for CT group(4.60±0.11) and DTS group(4.16±0.15) were significantly higher than that for DR group(2.80±0.18)(P<0.05).In average effective radiation dosage,CT group(2.33±0.020 mSv/time) was the highest,followed by DTS group(0.61±0.076 mSv/time) and DR group(0.025±0.003 mSv/time),showing significant differences between any two(P<0.05).Conclusions DR technique may be used for inspection of the atlantoaxial acute trauma caused by mild violence like spraining and falling,but has little value for inspection of most cases of atlantoaxial acute trauma.DTS technique may be the first choice for inspection of most atlantoaxial acute trauma.CT should be applied as a further inspection for complex cases because of its highest diagnostic accuracy and highest effective radiation dosage.

9.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 99-104, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21216

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Clozapine is one of the most commonly used antipsychotic drugs in China. To date, few studies have investigated the patterns the prescription of clozapine nationwide. The present study examined these patterns in China in 2006 and identified the demographic and clinical characteristics associated with the use of clozapine. METHODS: Using a standardized protocol and data collection procedure, we surveyed 5,898 patients with schizophrenia in 10 provinces with differing levels of economic development. RESULTS: Overall, clozapine had been prescribed for 31.9% (n=1,883) of the patients; however we found considerable variation among the 10 provinces. The frequency of clozapine use was highest in Sichuan (39.3%) and lowest in Beijing (17.3%). The mean daily dose of clozapine was 210.36+/-128.72 mg/day, and 25.1% of the patients were treated with clozapine in combination with other antipsychotics. Compared with the group not receiving clozapine, clozapine-user had been treated for longer durations and had experienced a greater number of relapses and hospitalizations. Furthermore, those in the clozapine-user had lower family incomes, were less able to seek psychiatric services, and more likely to be male and have a positive family history of schizophrenia. A multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that age, sex, professional help-seeking behaviors, duration of illness, economic status, educational level, and clinical manifestations were associated with the use of clozapine. CONCLUSION: Clozapine use is common in China. However, use of the antipsychotic varies among provinces, and demographic and clinical factors play important roles in the prescription of clozapine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antipsychotic Agents , China , Clozapine , Data Collection , Educational Status , Hospitalization , Logistic Models , Prescriptions , Recurrence , Sampling Studies , Schizophrenia
10.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 122-128, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-116810

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the patterns of antipsychotic use in China and to analyze the factors that influence antipsychotic prescriptions. METHODS: A standardized survey was conducted from May 20 to 24 2002 in five different regions of China with varying economic levels. The patterns of antipsychotic medication use were analyzed in a sample of 4,779 patients with schizophrenia. The survey gathered information on demographic characteristics, clinical profiles, and antipsychotic medications prescribed. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze factors related to patterns of antipsychotic medication use. RESULTS: A plurality of patients with schizophrenia was treated with clozapine (39%); this was followed by risperidone, sulpride, chlorpromazine, perphenazine, and haloperidol. More than 56.3% of patients were treated with only one atypical antipsychotic. The mean daily dose of chlorpromazine was 365+/-253 mg (mean+/-standard deviation), and 6.5% of patients were treated with depot injections of typical antipsychotic medications. A total of 73.7% (n=3,523) of patients with schizophrenia received monotherapy, 24.8% (n=1,183) received two antipsychotics, 1.1% (n=52) received three antipsychotics, and one received four different antipsychotics. Patients often simultaneously received other classes of medications including anticholinergic agents, benzodiazepines, beta-blockers, antidepressants, and mood stabilizers. Economic status and clinical symptoms were the main factors that contributed to the patterns of antipsychotic prescription. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests that atypical antipsychotic medications, especially clozapine, are the primary psychiatric treatments of choice in the management of schizophrenia in China. Moreover, the economic status and clinical profile of the patient are the major factors affecting the prescription of antipsychotic medication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antidepressive Agents , Antipsychotic Agents , Benzodiazepines , China , Chlorpromazine , Cholinergic Antagonists , Clozapine , Haloperidol , Logistic Models , Perphenazine , Prescriptions , Risperidone , Schizophrenia
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 326-330, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287397

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of the genetic and environmental factors on intelligence of children and adolescent from the Southwest China Prospective Twin Registry (SCPT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The intelligence was investigated by using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (C-WISC) in 333 twin pairs aged 6-16 years. The effects of genetic and environmental factors on IQ were analyzed by using structural equation modeling (SEM) and correlation analysis method. The effects in different sex and age groups in this population were also investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Genetic influence accounted for 0.43 of total IQ variance and 0.37 of verbal IQ in 6-16 years old children and adolescent, but there was no significant genetic effect on performance IQ. The heritability of children aged 10-16 years was higher than that of those aged 6-10 years (total IQ: 0.82 vs 0.00, verbal IQ: 0.80 vs 0.00, performance IQ:0.51 vs 0.00). In males the heritability of verbal IQ (0.47) was higher than that in females (0.05). The shared environmental influences accounted fo r the majority of variance of performance IQ in both males and females.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There is moderate heritability on the total IQ and verbal IQ, while shared environmental factors played important roles on the variance of performance IQ. The heritability of IQ, verbal IQ and performance IQ are higher in older children and adolescent than that in younger children.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Age Factors , Child Development , Physiology , Environment , Intelligence , Genetics , Psychomotor Performance , Physiology , Reaction Time , Genetics , Sex Characteristics , Sex Factors , Twins , Genetics , Wechsler Scales
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 490-494, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287391

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the role of genetic factors in the brain structural variation by using magnetic resonance imaging scan in schizophrenic patients and their unaffected siblings, and to provide experimental evidence for identifying endophenotype of schizophrenia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The optimized voxel-based morphometry (OVBM) was used to process the brain magnetic resonance images in 15 first episode drug-naive schizophrenic patients, 19 unaffected siblings of the patients and 38 normal control subjects. The data were analyzed by using general linear model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to the normal control subjects, significant decreases of gray matter was observed in first episode drug-naive schizophrenia in bilateral temporal lobe, bilateral occipital lobe, left insula, left frontal lobe superior frontal gyrus and right lentiform nucleus medial globus pallidus. Significant increases of gray matter in bilateral parietal lobe, bilateral limbic lobe cingulate gyrus in patients group while compared to controls were also found. In unaffected siblings, significant decreases of gray matter was observed in the right temporal lobe, bilateral occipital lobe, left insula, and left frontal lobe precentral gyrus, and significant increases of gray matter were found in left parietal lobe and bilateral cerebellum posterior lobe. Increased gray matter in left parietal lobe precuneus was found in first episode drug-naive schizophrenia when compared with their unaffected siblings.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There were similar brain structure abnormalities between the first episode drug-naive schizophrenia and their unaffected siblings. Genetic factor may play important role in brain structural abnormality in schizophrenia, which suggested that the brain structural change might be a genetic endophenotype of schizophrenia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Brain , Congenital Abnormalities , Diagnostic Imaging , Case-Control Studies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Radiography , Schizophrenia , Diagnostic Imaging , Genetics , Pathology
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 899-902, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258169

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To repair cartilage defects at non-weight-bearing area of the femoral condyle in rabbits with invitro amplified cartilage cell using calcium alginate column scaffold combined with calcium alginate gel injection, and to study repair effects of combination with different form of the same material.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four New Zealand rabbits were divided into 4 groups randomly. The wounds of rabbits in the Group 1 were repaired with injection of calcium alginate gel; the wounds of rabbits in the Group 2 were repaired with in planting of calcium alginate column scaffold; the wounds of rabbits in the Group 3 were repaired with in planting of calcium alginate column supporter firstly, and then injection of calcium alginate gel at the surrounding; and Group 4 is control group, the rabbits in the group were repair and without any support. The repair effects were demonstrated with Xij, and the effects of all animals were studied with statistical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The Xij scores of each rabbits were calculated, and the scores in four groups were compared. The statistical results showed that combination therapy was better than other methods (F = 69.0, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The calcium alginate with column shape has better shaping effects and certain mechanical strength. The calcium alginate gel has better stick nature and can be used to integrate artifical material with normal structure. They can be used together, which meeting the desire of repair and integration in cartilaginous tissue engineering.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Rabbits , Alginates , Cartilage, Articular , Pathology , General Surgery , Collagen Type II , Gels , Glucuronic Acid , Hexuronic Acids , Immunohistochemistry , Knee Joint , Pathology , General Surgery , Tissue Engineering
14.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 105-107, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-983275

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the intelligence of criminals with no psychosis diagnosed with forensic psychiatry.@*METHODS@#The intelligence test results in 88 criminal cases with no psychosis and in 89 criminal cases with schizophrenia were compared.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant statistical differences between two groups with respect to their sex, age, education, occupation, marital status, and criminal type. The average intelligence quotient (IQ) of no psychosis group was significantly higher than that of the schizophrenic group, but was significantly lower than the normal. There was no significant statistical difference between the subgroups claiming as either suffering or denying psychosis.@*CONCLUSION@#There is a mild impairment in the intelligence in no psychosis group.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Analysis of Variance , Crime , Expert Testimony , Forensic Psychiatry/methods , Intelligence , Schizophrenia , Schizophrenic Psychology , Wechsler Scales
15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676675

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the techniques of the treatment for epidermoid with endoscope-as- sisted microneurosurgery.Methods The suboccipital,infratemporal transtentorial approach and endoscope- assisted microneurosurgery were used.Results Total resection was achieved in 10 cases,and subtotal resec- tion was made only in 2, and had no complications of all.Conclusion Endoscope-assisted microneuro- surgery can increase the total-resection rate for tumors,and reduce complications.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 176-178, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328924

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation between the polymorphisms of apolipoprotein E(APOE), the interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha ) genes and the susceptibility to Alzheimer's disease(AD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Association study was performed in 114 AD patients and 113 healthy elderly individuals from Chengdu, China. Polymorphisms of APOE and IL-1 alpha genes were analyzed with polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequency of APOE-epsilon 4-carrying genotype in moderate to severe AD patients (28.6%) was higher than that of mild patients (18.5%) and the controls (14.2%), and the difference between moderate to severe AD group and the control group was significant (OR=2.4, 95%CI: 1.1-5.5). The frequency of epsilon 4 was also of significant difference between the group of moderate to severe dementia and the control group (OR=2.6, 95%CI: 1.3-5.3). However, no significant difference in distribution of IL-1 alpha polymorphism between AD patients and controls was observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The APOE epsilon 4 allele was associated with moderate to severe AD while no association between the IL-1 alpha gene polymorphism and AD was found.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Alzheimer Disease , Genetics , Apolipoproteins E , Genetics , Interleukin-1 , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
17.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 116-121, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231976

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In order to rationally allocate resources and to improve the quality of life of people with dementia, it is necessary to assess their current health services status.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A population-based door-to-door caregiver survey was conducted in Beijing, Xi'an, Shanghai and Chengdu in 1998. Totally 1 141 individuals with dementia were found among 34 807 residents aged 55 years and over on the basis of national prevalence study of dementia. Then 428 families with demented patients were randomly selected for questionare interview. Interviews were completed in 405 but refused by 23 families. Measurements included demographic characteristics of patients and their caregivers, perspective of the victim of the disease, current awareness of the disease and medical and welfare services provided.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 405 cases of dementia (including 298 cases of AD and 81 cases of VaD), mean MMSE scores were 16.3 +/- 5.3 for 157 mild cases, 12.7 +/- 5.4 for 135 moderate cases, and 6.2 +/- 5.8 for 110 severe cases. Most patients (96%) were cared for at home by family members. Among caregivers, 189 (48.8%) considered the impairment of cognition, behavior and daily living activity in demented persons as a result of normal aging. Half of the caregivers spend over 8 hours each day looking after the patient. Whether the caregivers brought their relatives with dementia to a doctor was determined by disease severity, i.e. 8.3% for mild, 13.5% for moderate, and 19.4% for severe in 1996 to approximately 1997 and 14.4%, 25.6% and 33.6%, respectively in 1998-1999. Of those, only 26.9% reported receiving a dementia diagnosis, and only 21.3% received a recommedation to take medication. However, there was no established standard treatment and only 2% patient's used Ache-I.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>General education is needed to increase the public awareness of dementia. For patients with dementia, early diagnosis, early treatment and optimal care are important to improve their quality of life.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Activities of Daily Living , Caregivers , Psychology , China , Cost of Illness , Dementia , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Nursing , Health Services for the Aged , Home Nursing , Interviews as Topic , Sampling Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1104-1107, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246394

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in the urban and the rural areas in Chengdu, Southwest China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Residents aged 55 or over were selected by stratified random cluster sampling from 19 districts, cities, and counties of Chengdu area in Sichuan province. A two-stage survey was carried out. In the first stage, CMMSE, CES-D were used as screening instruments. In the second stage, Diagnostic questionnaires of dementia and CDR were used as diagnostic instruments. The diagnostic criteria of mild cognitive impairment adopted from Petersen's were: (1) memory complaint; (2) normal activities of daily living; (3) normal general cognitive function; (4) memory impairment incompatible with age; (5) not demented; (6) CDR = 0.5 and (7) exclusion of the reversible cognitive impairment caused by other factors (i.e. depression).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Three thousand, nine hundred and ten subjects were examined. The prevalence rates of MCI was 2.4%. The MCI prevalence rates in the urban and the rural areas were 1.5%, 2.5% respectively, without significant difference. The MCI prevalence in males and females were 1.8%, 2.9% respectively. Prevalence rate in female was higher than in males with significant difference. Prevalence of illiteracy (4.0%) was the highest among different educational levels. The accumulated prevalence increased with age.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The prevalence of MCI (2.4%) was slightly higher than the prevalence of AD (2.05%) in the same areas of Chengdu. MCI seemed to be a high risk factor for AD which should to be followed up. Early intervention in MCI might be helpful in the prevention of AD.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Age Factors , China , Epidemiology , Cognition Disorders , Epidemiology , Prevalence , Random Allocation , Residence Characteristics , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Social Class
19.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12)1996.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518173

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the results between laparoscopic repair and surgical procedures in perforation of duodenal ulcer. Methods Fifteen p atients were operated on perforation of duodenal were by laparoscopic repair, an d thirty patients performed open repair or partial gastrectomy at the same peri od were chosen as control groups. Results The operating time in laparoscopic group and other two surgical groups were 59 min, 84 min and 204 min; postoperati ve requirement of analgesic was 7%(1/15), 73%(11/15) and 80%(12/15) in three groups respectively. The recovery time of gastrointestinal function was 25 h, 56 h, and 72 h. the mean time of hospitalization was 6 d, 8 d and 10 d. The differ ences among groups were significant (P

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