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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 825-832, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909945


Objectives:To investigate the nursing effect of perioperative enhanced recovery after surgery(ERAS)management model in elderly patients with hip fracture.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 94 elderly patients with hip fracture admitted to Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from July 2017 to June 2018,including 24 males and 70 females aged 76-98 years[(83.7±5.4)years]. There were 54 patients with intertrochanteric fracture and 40 patients with femoral neck fracture. Surgical method was proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA)fixation or artificial hip arthroplasty. A total of 44 patients were managed by ERAS(enhanced recovery group)and 50 patients by traditional nursing(traditional rehabilitation group). The off-bed time was compared between the two groups from aspects of different fracture sites,bone mineral density and causes of injury. The visual analogue scale(VAS)was tested preoperatively and at postoperative days 1,3 and 7. The complications were recorded at postoperative 1 month. The activity of daily living(ADL)score was assessed preoperatively and at postoperative 1 week,1 month and 3 months. The Harris hip score was assessed at postoperative 1 week,1 month,3 months and at the last follow-up. The length of hospital stay and death at postoperative 3 months and at the last follow-up were recorded.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-24 months[(17.7±6.2)months]. In enhanced recovery group,the off-bed time of patients with different fracture sites(femoral neck,femoral intertrochanter),bone mineral density(>-2.5 SD,≤-2.5 SD)and causes of injury(falls,traffic accidents and others)were markedly shortened as compared with traditional rehabilitation group( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in VAS between the two groups before operation( P>0.05). However,the VAS in enhanced recovery group was(3.4±0.9)points,(2.7±0.5)points,(1.7±0.6)points at postoperative days 1,3 and 7,significantly lower than that in traditional rehabilitation group[(4.3±1.1)points,(3.5±0.5)points,(2.7±0.9)points]( P<0.01). One month after operation,the incidence of pulmonary infection was 0% in enhanced recovery group and 28%(14/50)in traditional rehabilitation group( P<0.01). While there showed no significant differences in incidences of cardiovascular system,nervous system,urinary tract infection,lower limb deep vein thrombosis,impaired liver and kidney function,anemia,electrolyte disorder or hypoalbuminemia between the two groups( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in preoperative ADL score between the two groups( P>0.05). The ADL score in enhanced recovery group was(37.0±6.6)points,(70.1±8.4)points,(86.2±9.3)points at postoperative 1 week,1 month and 3 months,significantly higher than that in traditional rehabilitation group[(26.5±10.4)points,(50.1±11.4)points,(70.7±9.0)points]( P<0.01). The Harris hip score in enhanced recovery group was(80.9±8.6)points at postoperative 1 month,significantly higher than that in traditional rehabilitation group[(71.1±9.2)points]( P<0.01). There were no significant differences in Harris hip score between the two groups at postoperative 1 week,3 months and at the last follow-up( P>0.05). The length of hospital stay was(4.7±2.4)days in enhanced recovery group,significantly shorter than(7.8±3.9)days in traditional rehabilitation group( P<0.01). The enhanced recovery group showed no death within 3 months after operation and 2 deaths[5%(2/44)]at the last follow-up,while the traditional rehabilitation group revealed 4 deaths[8%(4/50)]within 3 months after operation. There was no significant difference in the mortality between the two groups until the last follow-up( P>0.05). Conclusion:For elderly patients with hip fracture,perioperative ERAS management model can effectively shorten periods in bed,relieve postoperative pain,reduce incidence of postoperative pulmonary infection,accelerate recovery of hip function,improve quality of life,shorten length of hospitalization and promote early recovery.

Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 67-72, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745688


Objective To observe the effect of a hypoxia mimicking agent deferoxamine (DFO) on the mineral density,volume,architecture,strength,and metabolism of the bones in type 1 diabetic mice withosteoporosis.Methods Type 1 diabetic mice model was established by intraperitoneal injections of streptozotocin.The mice were divided into control (normal mice),diabetes mellitus,and DFO groups.Micro-CT was used to analyze the bone mineral density,volume,architecture,and strength of the trabecule in the distal part of femurs.Three point bending test was carried out to evaluate the bone strength.Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe the alteration in the number of osteoblasts.Real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expressions of Runt-related gene 2 (Runx-2),osteoclacin,and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) in tibias.Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in tibias.Results There was a decrease in mineral density,volume,strength of bones as well as deteriorated trabecular microarchitecture in diabetic mice as compared to control mice,which were partially improved by DFO treatment.Moreover,DFO treatment increased the number of osteoblasts and mRNA expression levels of Runx-2,osteoclacin,TRAP,as well as protein expression levels of HIF-1 α and VEGF(P<0.05).Conclusion Bone loss could be partially prevented by DFO treatment in type 1 diabetic osteoporosis mice,which might be ascribed to increased bone formation via stimulating hypoxia inducible factor singnaling pathway.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 389-391, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696823


Objective To investigate the clinical and CT features of non-epithelial malignant tumors of bladder to improve the understanding.Methods Clinical and CT data of 1 1 patients with non-epithelial malignant tumors of bladder were analyzed retrospectively. All patients underwent plain and contrast enhanced CT scan,and confirmed by surgery and pathology.Results Of 1 1 patients,there were 4 rhabdomyosarcomas,3 cancerous sarcomas,2 leiomyosarcomas and 2 small cell carcinomas.The CT performance were mostly cauliflower like or papillary,with wide basis and thickening of adjacent bladder wall.Diffuse thickening of the bladder wall was detected in all rhabdomyosarcoma lesions.The lesions were homogeneous or heterogeneous soft tissue-like density.CT showed calcification in 1 cancerous sarcoma,necrosis in 1 leiomyosarcoma and 1 rhabdomyosarcoma.Contrast enhanced scan showed mild to moderate or significant enhancement.Conclusion Besides the age of rhabdomyosarcoma,other non-epithelial malignant tumors of bladder have no special clinical and CT characteristics.CT examination can provide the information about location,size,surrounding tissue change,which is helpful to make the treatment plan.