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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931358

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of flipped classroom combined with online interactive teaching in clinical clerkship of cardiology.Methods:The study collected 56 students from Batch 2017 five-year clinical medicine undergraduate class of Medical College of China Three Gorges University and they were randomly divided into experimental group and control group in average. The control group adopted the traditional teaching method while the experimental group adopted the combined teaching method. The differences of test scores after teaching were compared between the two groups and the feedback of students on the two methods was also analyzed. SPSS 12.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:The final score of clinical thinking in the experimental group (84.38±3.18) was significantly higher than in the control group (75.43±5.85) ( P<0.05), and the satisfaction of the experimental group to the teaching mode was [86% (24/28)], which was significantly higher than that of the control group [50% (14/28)]. More than 80% of the students in the experimental group regarded that the combined teaching method was helpful to promote the interaction between teachers and students, master relevant knowledge, and improve learning interest and learning efficiency. Conclusion:This combined teaching method can enhance students' clinical thinking ability, learning enthusiasm and efficiency, and finally effectively improve the effect of clerkship.

2.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 211-218, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881009

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (PGD) is one of the most common complications in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Acupuncture has been used widely in gastrointestinal diseases due to its effectiveness and minimally invasive nature.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study evaluated the efficacy of using transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) during the surgery and postoperative recovery in patients with gastric and colorectal surgery for improving postoperative gastrointestinal function.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS@#A total of 280 patients undergoing abdominal surgery were stratified by type of surgery (i.e., gastric or colorectal surgery) and randomly allocated into the TEAS group (group T) or the sham group (group S). Patients in group T received TEAS at LI4, PC6, ST36 and ST37. Patients in group S received pseudo-TEAS at sham acupoints. The stimulation was given from 30 min before anesthesia until the end of surgery. The same treatment was performed at 9 am on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd days after surgery, until the recovery of flatus in patients.@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was the time to the first bowel motion, as detected by auscultation. The secondary outcomes included the first flatus and ambulation time, changes of perioperative substance P (SP), incidence of PGD, postoperative pain, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and some economic indicators.@*RESULTS@#The time to first bowel motion, first flatus and first ambulation in group T was much shorter than that in group S (P < 0.01). In patients undergoing colorectal surgery, the concentration of SP was lower in group T than in group S on the third day after the operation (P < 0.05). The average incidence of PGD in all patients was 25%, and the frequency of PGD was significantly lower in group T than in group S (18.6% vs. 31.4%, respectively; P < 0.05). TEAS treatment (odds ratio = 0.498; 95% confidence interval: 0.232-0.786) and type of surgery were relevant factors for the development of PGD. Postoperative pain score and PONV occurrence were significantly lower in group T (P < 0.01). Postoperative hospitalization days and the resulting cost to patients were greatly reduced in the TEAS group (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Perioperative TEAS was able to promote the recovery of postoperative gastrointestinal function, reduce the incidence of PGD and PONV. The concentration of SP was decreased by TEAS treatment, which indicates that the brain-gut axis may play a role in how TEAS regulates gastrointestinal function.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1900023263.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1434-1442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910733

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of weight-bearing area compression injury of the femoral head on the prognosis of elderly acetabular fractures after open reduction and internal fixation.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 36 elderly patients with acetabular fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation during January 2014 to January 2018 were conducted. All patients with compression injury of the weight-bearing area of the femoral head, including 22 males and 14 females with 73.2±6.5 years old (range 60-87 years old), were included. The compression injury of weight-bearing area of the femoral head was not treated. According to the Letournel-Judet classification of acetabular fractures, there were 14 cases with both-column, 12 cases with anterior column and posterior hemitransverse, 4 cases with T type, 4 cases with transverse, and 2 cases with posterior column+ posterior wall. A total of 14 cases were accompanied by acetabular joint surface compression, while 29 cases were accompanied by joint dislocation. The Merle d'Aubigné score was used to evaluate the hip function during follow-up. The Matta classification method was used to evaluate the results of acetabular fracture reduction. The Kellgren-Lawrence classification standard and Ficat-Alert staging method were used to evaluate the traumatic arthritis of the hip and femoral head necrosis, respectively. During the follow-up, the femoral head necrosis with stage III, IV, or traumatic arthritis III, IV, or with indications for joint replacement was defined as surgery failure. CT scans of the pelvis were performed before and at 2-5 days after operation. The compression size of the femoral head on the coronal and axial planes of the CT scan was calculated for the compression volume. The compression severity was divided into small (<1 cm 3), medium (1-2 cm 3) and large (>2 cm 3) according to the volume. Binary Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze whether the postoperative measurement of the femoral head compression volume was associated with the risk of surgical failure. Results:All patients were followed up for 34.7±8.9 months (range 25-54 months). There were 7 cases with large compression of femoral head, 14 cases with medium, and 15 cases with small pre-operatively. However, there were 12 cases, 10 cases and 14 cases with large, medium and small at 2-5 days after operation, respectively. Six cases were excellent reduction, 22 cases were good, and 8 cases were poor. Thus, the excellent and good rate was 78% (28/36). At the last follow-up, Merle d'Aubigné score was excellent in 2 cases, good in 8 cases, fair in 5 cases, and poor in 21 cases. The excellent and good rate was 28% (10/36). There were 20 cases with surgery failure with 56% (20/36) failure rate. There were no statistically significant differences in the patient's age, body mass index, operation duration, blood volume, fracture type, fracture reduction, combined acetabular joint surface compression, and combined joint dislocation between the two groups. However, there was a statistically significant difference in the frequency distribution of compression volume in the weight-bearing area of the femoral head after surgery (χ 2=22.047, P<0.001). In patients with large, medium, and small-volume compression of the femoral head weight-bearing area, the surgery failure rates were 92%, 80%, and 7%, respectively. The large and medium-volume compression of the femoral head weight-bearing area were independent risk factors for surgical failure. Conclusion:Open reduction and internal fixation can be used to treat elderly patients with acetabular fractures combined with femoral head compression injury. Despite satisfactory reduction for acetabular fractures, the larger volume of femoral head compression affects the clinical outcomes with extremely high rate of surgical failure within 2 years.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942698

ABSTRACT

Fluorescence imaging now becomes an intraoperative navigation technique that gaining popularity in surgery and clinical research. However, at present, there is no mature and reliable method or other related guidance documents for the detection of fluorescence imaging performance. The performance analysis and quality supervision of products on the market could not be performed, which affects their clinical use and image quality. In this paper, a standard method of fluorescence imaging performance testing for fluorescence imaging system is proposed. Several kinds of fluorescence imaging performance parameters affecting fluorescence images are defined strictly. We also recommend scientific and feasible methods for their detections and analyses, which are verified by practical examples. This paper aims to provide a feasible reference standard for fluorescence performance evaluation.


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Imaging/instrumentation , Fluorescence
5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833517

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the interobserver agreement, diagnostic value, and associated clinical factors of automated breastultrasound (ABUS) coronal features in differentiating breast lesions. @*Materials and Methods@#This study enrolled 457 pathologically confirmed lesions in 387 female (age, 46.4 ± 10.3 years),including 377 masses and 80 non-mass lesions (NMLs). The unique coronal features, including retraction phenomenon,hyper- or hypoechoic rim (continuous or discontinuous), skipping sign, and white wall sign, were defined and recorded. Theinterobserver agreement on image type and coronal features was evaluated. Furthermore, clinical factors, including the lesionsize, distance to the nipple or skin, palpability, and the histological grade were analyzed. @*Results@#Among the 457 lesions, 296 were malignant and 161 were benign. The overall interobserver agreement for imagetype and all coronal features was moderate to good. For masses, the retraction phenomenon was significantly associated withmalignancies (p < 0.001) and more frequently presented in small and superficial invasive carcinomas with a low histologicalgrade (p = 0.027, 0.002, and < 0.001, respectively). Furthermore, continuous hyper- or hypoechoic rims were predictive ofbenign masses (p < 0.001), whereas discontinuous rims were predictive of malignancies (p < 0.001). A hyperechoic rim wasmore commonly detected in masses more distant from the nipple (p = 0.027), and a hypoechoic rim was more frequently foundin large superficial masses (p < 0.001 for both). For NMLs, the skipping sign was a predictor of malignancies (p = 0.040). @*Conclusion@#The coronal plane of ABUS may provide useful diagnostic value for breast lesions.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867112

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the neutral mechanism of influence of long-term exposure to high altitude hypoxia environment on the processing stage of conflict inhibition.Methods:Differences in the electroencephalogram during a 2-1 mapping Stroop task were compared between a high-altitude (HA) group ( n=20) who lived in a high-altitude area (3 650 m) for two years, and a low-altitude (LA) group ( n=20) who had never visited high-altitude areas. Results:The HA group had a higher pulse rate ((82.0±9.7)/min vs (74.0±11.3)/min) and lower oxygen saturation level ((90.7±2.8)% vs (97.4±1.1)%) compared with LA group.Behavior data showed that the reaction time (RT) in congruent (CO) condition was shorter than that in stimulus incogruent (SI) condition, and the RT in SI condition was shorter than that in RI condition ((707.91±70.33)ms vs (753.76±72.96)ms vs (803.88±73.21)ms); accuracy(ACC) rate in SI condition was higher than CO condition, and the ACC in CO condition was higher than RI condition((96.35±2.91)% vs (95.90±2.83)% vs (91.55±5.22)%). And the response conflict effect was larger than the stimulus conflict effect((49.76±33.90) vs (23.60±30.20)). The differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.01). In SI condition, the RT of HA group was longer than LA group((730.43±60.50)ms vs (777.09±78.23)ms) ( P<0.05). As for the EEG, the amplitude of P2((6.18±0.62)μV vs (3.21±0.62)μV) and N450((1.39±1.48)μV vs (5.91±1.48)μV) component of the HA group were higher those that of the LA group.The amplitude of N450 at P4 electrode site was larger than that at P3 electrode site in HA group((2.26±1.34)μV vs (0.62±1.43)μV). The differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Long-term exposure to high altitude hypoxia environment affects the early stage of stimulus perception and task retrieval, as well as the conflict monitoring in later stage of stimulus and response conflict.The HA group need compensation of right parietal to complete the conflict monitoring of stimulus and response conflict.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827470

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of electro-acupuncture (EA) or transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on perioperative cerebral blood flow (CBF) and neurological function in ischemic stroke (IS) patients undergoing carotid artery stenting (CAS).@*METHODS@#In total, 124 consecutive IS patients were randomly allocated to the EA, TEAS, and sham groups (groups A, T, and S; 41, 42, and 41 cases, respectively) by software-derived random-number sequence. Groups A and T received EA and TEAS, respectively, at the Shuigou (GV 26) and Baihui (GV 20), Hegu (LI4) and Waiguan (TE 5) acupoints. Group S received sham EA. The stimulation was started from 30 min before surgery until the end of the operation. The primary outcome was the CBF at 30 min after surgery, which was measured by transcranial Doppler sonography. The secondary outcomes included hyperperfusion incidence and neurological function. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and General Evaluation Scale (GES) scores were recorded at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months postoperatively.@*RESULTS@#Mean CBF velocity at 30 min after surgery in groups A and T was much lower than that in Group S (P < 0.05); the incidence of hyperperfusion in Groups A and T was also lower than that in group S (P <0.05). Acupuncture was an independent factor associated with reduced incidence of hyperperfusion (OR=0.042; 95% CI: 0.002-0.785; =0.034). NIHSS and GES scores improved significantly at 1 week postoperatively in Groups A and T than in Group S (P < 0.05). Relative to Group S, groups A and T exhibited significantly lower incidences of moderate pain, as well as higher incidences of satisfaction with anesthesia, at 1 day postoperatively (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#EA or TEAS administered in combination with local anesthesia during CAS can inhibit transient increases in CBF, reduce the incidence of postoperative hyperperfusion, and improve neurological function. (Registration No. ChiCTR-IOR-15007447).

8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1378-1385, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826839

ABSTRACT

Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) is zoonotic pathogen that can cause listeriosis, and vaccine is one of the effective methods to prevent this pathogen infection. In this study, we developed a novel vaccine that is a mixture of inactivated bacteria and Montanide™ ISA 61 VG, a mineral oil adjuvant, and evaluated the safety and immune response characteristics of this vaccine. The mice immunized with the ISA 61 VG adjuvant had high safety, and it could induce significantly higher titer of anti-listeriolysin O (LLO) antibody and higher value of IgG2a/IgG1 ratio compared with the group without the adjuvant. In particular, it could provide 100% immune protection against lethal doses of Lm challenge in mice. In summary, ISA 61VG adjuvant significantly enhanced the ability of inactivated listeria vaccine to induce humoral and cellular immune responses, thereby enhanced the protective immune response in the host, and it is a potential vaccine candidate for the prevention of Lm infection in humans and animals.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Immunologic , Pharmacology , Animals , Hemolysin Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Pharmacology , Immunity, Cellular , Listeria monocytogenes , Allergy and Immunology , Listeriosis , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Vaccines, Inactivated , Allergy and Immunology
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1762-1767, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825149

ABSTRACT

Drug transporters and metabolic enzymes are the key proteins in the disposition of drugs in the body. In recent years it has been found that there is a cooperative relationship between drug transporters and metabolizing enzymes. Functional changes in drug transporters or metabolizing enzyme can affect the ability to eliminate drugs. Therefore, it is important to clarify this cooperative relationship, which is directly related to the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and adverse effects of drugs. Intestine and liver are the main organs of drug metabolism. There are abundant drug transporters and metabolizing enzymes in the tissues. This paper reviews the influence of the cooperative relationship between drug transporters and metabolizing enzymes on drug disposition by intestine and liver.

10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1103-1106, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752501

ABSTRACT

Objective ToexploretheclinicopathologicalfeaturesandMRImanifestationsofseveralspecialtypesofuterineleiomyomato improvethediagnosticlevelofit.Methods TheclinicopathologicalfeaturesandMRImanifestationsof18caseswithuterineleiomyomathatwere verifiedbypathologicanalysiswereanalyzedretrospectively.Results Amongthe18cases,therewere11casesofcellularleiomyoma,5casesof fattyleiomyomaand2casesofintravenousleiomyoma.Thetumorswereroundorirregular,withaclearmarginandamaximumdiameterof3.2cm to12.5cm.CellularleiomyomashowedisointensityonT1WI,homogeneouslyorslightlyhyperintensityonT2WI,and mostofthem werehyperintenseonDWI,whileafewisointense.Thelesionshowedearlyobviousenhancementandcontinuedtostrengthen,higher thanthemyometriumofthesameperiod.Fattyleiomyomaconsistsofsmooth musclecellsandadipocytesindifferentproportions, smoothmuscletissueshowedisointensityonT1WI,andisointensityorslightlyhyperintensityonT2WI,whileadiposetissueshowed hyperintensityonT1WIandT2WI,hypointensityonfatsequence,lighttomoderateenhancementforsmooth muscletissueandadiposetissue ntravenousleiomyomashowedirregularcircuity,shuttlesolidlumpin myometriumorneartheuterus,whichshowedisointenseon T1WI,andunevenorhyperintensityonT2WI,moderateheterogeneousenhancement,multiplecircuityvesselswithinoraroundthelesions.Allthe threetypesofuterineleiomyomaabovehavecertainMRIfeaturesandareassociatedwithpathology.Conclusion TheMRIfindingsof thecell-richleiomyomashowthattheedgeofthetumorisclear,ofwhichshowhyperintensityonDWI,andearlyandcontinuousenhancement, whilethedegreeofenhancementishigherthanthatinthemyometriumofuterusatthesameperiod.MRIofuterineadiposeleiomyomashows"whirlpool"or "braided"distributionoffatsignalinthetumor,andnoenhancementinadiposetissue;MRIofvenousleiomyoma showsirregulartwistsandturnsbetweenthewallofuterusorbesidetheuterus,andmoderateorunevenintensificationafterenhancement. withoutI.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 645-652, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780147

ABSTRACT

A hyper-bilirubin cell model was established for its relevance to the pathological state of jaundice in human. This model was used to screen for the pharmacological components of Yin-Zhi-huang (YZH). Total bilirubin, indirect bilirubin in cells, and direct bilirubin in extracellular fluid were quantified after HepaRG cells were incubated with serum from rats injected with multiple components of YZH. Cellular uptake was determined by dynamic multiple reaction monitoring (DMRM) using LC-MS/MS. We found that the stable hyper-bilirubin HepaRG cell model could be established by incubating cells with 40 μg·mL-1 bilirubin and 50 μg·mL-1 probenecid. When the hyper-bilirubin cell model was incubated with serum from rats of YZH injection, there were 52.4% and 60.1% decrease in intercellular total bilirubin and indirect bilirubin, respectively, and 52.5% increase in extracellular direct bilirubin. Using DMRM mode, 53 components could be determined, and 8 potential bioactive candidates were identified from the serum. This method could be used to screen for bioactive metabolites of YZH. This strategy is simple, highly active, sensitive and specific, providing a new method for high throughput screening of therapeutic or toxic metabolites from traditional Chinese medicine. The regulations of Ethics Committee in the First Hospital of Lanzhou University were abided in the rat experiment of this study.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745106

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical application of a three-dimensional (3D) printing personalized guide for medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy(MOWHTO) in the treatment of knee varus osteoarthritis.Methods A retrospective study was conducted of the 16 patients with knee varus osteoarthritis who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics,Zhengzhou Central Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2016 to January 2017.They were 6 men and 10 women,aged from 49 to 65 years (mean,55.8 years).Bilateral knees were involved in 2 cases and a unilateral knee was involved in 14 cases.Their disease duration ranged from one to 12 years (mean,5.3 years).A personalized guide for MOWHTO was designed and manufactured by 3D printing for every patient preoperatively.All the patients underwent knee arthroscopy before osteotomy which was assisted by the personalized guide.The femorotibial angle (FTA),medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA),weight bearing line (WBL),posterior tibial slope (PTSA) and the patellofemoral height Insall-Salvati index (IS index) were measured on their X-ray radiographs preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively.The Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used to evaluate the outcomes at the final follow-ups.Results All surgeries were successful.The 16 patients were followed up for 6 to 12 months (mean,9.1 months).The FTA,MPTA,WBL and IS index at postoperative 6 months were significantly improved than the preoperative values (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference between postoperative PTSA and preoperative PTSA (P =0.990).The mean VAS scores for the 16 patients at the final follow-ups were 0.8 ± 0.7 peints,significantly better than the preoperative ones (4.2 ± 0.9 points) (P < 0.05);their mean postoperative HSS scores (89.3 ± 6.7 points) were also significantly improved than the preoperative ones (61.9 ± 10.5 points) (P < 0.05).According to the HSS scores at the final follow-ups,the surgical outcomes were excellent in 14 knees,good in 3 and fair in one.Conclusion A 3D printed osteotomy guide can be used to perform precise osteotomy in MOWHTO for knee varus osteoarthritis,leading to effective correction of the alignment of the lower limb and good short-term surgical outcomes.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905127

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of Baduanjin on cognitive function, anxiety and depression in patients in recovery stage after traumatic brain injury. Methods:From January to July, 2018, 64 patients in recovery stage after traumatic brain injury were included. Finally, there were 31 patients in control group and 29 in experimental group. The experimental group received Baduanjin exercise, while the control group did not receive any regular exercise. They were assessed with Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment (LOTCA), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) before intervention, and six weeks, twelve weeks and 24 weeks after intervention. Results:The scores of HAMA and HAMD decreased in the experimental group after intervention (P < 0.05), but there was no significance in the control group (P > 0.05). The scores of orientation, visual and spatial perception, and visuomotor organization increased in the experimental group twelve weeks after intervention (P < 0.05), but there was no significance in the control group (P > 0.05). The scores of all the areas of LOTCA and total scores increased in the experimental group 24 weeks after intervention (P < 0.05), but there was no significance in the control group (P > 0.05). LOTCA total scores negtively correlated with HAMA and HAMD scores (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Regular Baduanjin exercise can improve the cognition and mood of patients after traumatic brain injury.

14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1226-1233, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687694

ABSTRACT

Overuse of antibiotics in livestock farming has enriched antibiotic-resistant genes as well as resistant bacteria in farm animals and their related environments. These antibiotic-resistant genes can spread to the natural environments by horizontal gene transfer and even to the food chain, posing a serious threat to the ecological environment, food safety and human health. With the development of genomic technology, the diversity and ecological distribution of antibiotic-resistant genes in farm animals and their related environments have been recently revealed. Here we summarized the research progress on antibiotic resistance genes in related fields, potential influence on human health, and future research needs.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735088

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss our drug clinical trial institution's experience and findings during the process of establishing drug clinical trial central pharmacy.Methods Analyze the previous key issues identified during the drug management under different modes,discuss the necessity and feasibility of establishing drug clinical trial central pharmacy.Meanwhile,discuss the planning and construction of hardware including location site of the central pharmacy,equipment and facilities,staff,as well as software such as electronic management system and standard operation procedures.Results After the adoption of central trial pharmacy,space and energy are saved,manpower and material resources are saved,the quality of clinical trials also improved.Conclusions Standardized and unified management of investigational drugs through establishing drug clinical trial central pharmacy,is the strong guarantee for the drug safety of human subject,as well as the accuracy and scientificity of trial results.

16.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1581-1584, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697823

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of everolimus combined with endocrine therapy and fulvestrant in patients with estrogen receptor-positive advanced breast cancer progressed after endocrine thera-py. Methods Ninety-three breast cancer patients were selected from January 2014 to February 2017. The primary end points were progression-free survival and clinical benefit rate and the secondary end points was tolerability. Re-sults The progression-free survival in fulvestrant group was slightly higher than that in the everolimus group(13.4 months vs 12.2 months,P = 0.297). The clinical benefit rates were 46.15% and 31.71% in fulvestrant group and everolimus group,respectively. Patients treated with fewer than 2 lines and endocrine resistant patients benefited more from fulvestrant but without statistical difference. The main adverse events related to everolimus were stomati-tis,with a prevalence rate of about 26% and a localized pneumonia with a prevalence rate of about 10%. The main adverse reaction of fulvestrant was the injection site reaction. Conclusions The efficacy of everolimus in combina-tion with endocrine therapy is not superior to that of fulvestrant for the treatment of advanced breast cancer pro-gressed after endocrine therapy. After weighing the clinical benefits and quality of life,fulvestrant may be better for patients treated with fewer than 2 lines and endocrine resistance.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 198-201,212, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695546

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of modified radical gastrectomy on glycometabolism in patients with gastric carcinoma and non-obese T2DM.Methods The retrospective study was carried out to analyze the changes of glycometabolism between preoperative and postoperative follow-up in 25 patients with gastric carcinoma and non-obese T2DM.The above parameters included fasting plasma glucose (FPG),2-hour postprandial blood glucose (2 h PBG),glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c),fasting insulin (FINS),homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR),fasting glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1),and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP).Results At the 6th and 12th month after operation,the related parameters such as FPG,2 h PBG,HbA1c,FINS and HOMA-IR were (7.54±1.44) mmo]/L and (7.17±1.35) mmol/L,(9.97±1.59)mmol/L and (9.47±1.23) mmol/L,(6.46±0.74)% and (6.31±0.97)%,(7.73±0.98) μIU/ml and (7.44±0.96) μIU/ml,1.10±0.15 and 1.04±0.14 respectively.The above indexes were significantly improved compared with those before operation (P<O.05).The levels of fasting GLP-1 at 6th and 12th month after operation were (2.27±0.25) pmol/ml and (2.33±0.27) pmol/ml respectively,and there was no significant change compared with those before operation (P>0.05).On the contrary,the levels of GIP at 6th and 12th month after operation are significantly decreased compared with that before operation,which were (7.23±1.33) pmol/ml and (6.40±1.20) pmol/ml respectively.Conclusion The modified radical gastrectomy can improve T2DM in patients with gastric carcinoma markedly,even curing some patients,which may be related to the decrease of fasting GIP after operation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856646

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of nickel-titanium three-dimensional memory alloy mesh combined with autologous bone for living model of canine tibial plateau collapse fracture by biomechanical testing. Methods: Sixteen healthy 12-month-old Beagle dogs were randomly divided into 4 group, 4 dogs in each group. The dogs were used to establish the tibial plateau collapse fracture model in groups A, B, and C. Then, the nickel-titanium three-dimensional memory alloy mesh combined with autologous bone (the fibula cortical bone particles), the artificial bone (nano-hydroxyapatite), and autologous fibula cortical bone particles were implanted to repair the bone defects within 4 hours after modeling in groups A, B, and C, respectively; and the plate and screws were fixed outside the bone defects. The dogs were not treated in group D, as normal control. At 5 months after operation, all animals were sacrificed and the tibial specimens were harvested and observed visually. The destructive axial compression experiments were carried out by the biomechanical testing machine. The displacement and the maximum failure load were recorded and the axial stiffness was calculated. Results: All animals stayed alive after operation, and all incisions healed. After 1-3 days of operation, the animals could stand and move, and no obvious limb deformity was found. The articular surfaces of the tibial plateau specimens were completely smooth at 5 months after operation. No obvious articular surface collapse was observed. The displacement and maximum failure load of specimens in groups A and D were significantly higher than those in groups B and C ( P0.05). Conclusion: The nickel-titanium three-dimensional memory alloy mesh combined with autologous bone for subarticular bone defect of tibial plateau in dogs has good biomechanical properties at 5 months after operation, and has better axial stiffness when compared with the artificial bone and autologous bone graft.

19.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 30: 25, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-955750

ABSTRACT

Abstract Achievement goals are cognitive representations that guide behavior to a competence-related future end state. Existing theories and empirical findings suggest that achievement goals are potentially related to life satisfaction. However, the relationship between achievement goals and life satisfaction remains relatively unexplored in the psychology literature. In this study, we examined how, why, and when achievement goals affect life satisfaction using original survey data from China. The results suggest that achievement goals were positively related to life satisfaction (R2 = .20, 90% CI [.11, .26]), that the perception of successful agency fully mediated the relationship between achievement goals and life satisfaction (R2 = .22, 90% CI [.12, .27]), and that emotion reappraisal moderated the relationship between achievement goals and life satisfaction (R2 = .34, 90% CI [.23, .39]). Our study indicates that achievement goals have a positive influence on life satisfaction and help to elucidate the mechanism and boundary condition of this influence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Personal Satisfaction , Emotions , Goals , China
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 253-257, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779586

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the effects of metoprolol (METO) or/and pravastatin (PRAV) on the pharmacokinetics of metformin (METF) in rats. Twenty-eight male SD rats were divided into METF group, METF+METO group, METF+PRAV group and METF+METO+PRAV group. Blood samples were collected at 10, 20, 40, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, 360, 480 and 600 min after oral administration of metformin, and concentration of metformin in plasma was determined by HPLC. Compared to the METF group, Cmax of metformin was significantly decreased (P0-t, t1/2 and V were significantly increased in the METF+METO group; t1/2 was significantly decreased in the METF+PRAV group; Cmax was significantly decreased and MRT0-t was significantly increased in the METF+METO+PRAV group. Compared to the METF+METO group, MRT0-t of metformin was significantly decreased in the METF+METO+PRAV group. Compared to the METF+PRAV group, Cmax of metformin was significantly decreased (P0-t, t1/2 and V were significantly increased in the METF+METO+PRAV group. There exist multiple drug interactions of metformin, metoprolol and pravastatin in rats.

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