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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 51-56, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013877

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effects of putative receptor protein related to ATI (APJ) homodimer on the behaviors-the proliferation, migration and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HU-VECs). Methods HUVECs at logarithmic growth stage were randomly divided into PBS, Apelin-13 + TM1 (APJ monomer group) and Apelin-13 + PBS group (APJ homodimer group). Western blot and Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time of Fligh Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) were used to detect the expression of APJ and APJ homodimer in HUVECs, respectively. Real-Time Cell Analyzers (RT-CA) was used to detect the concentration of the maximum effect of Apelin-13. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8. The cell migration ability was detected by scratch test, and the number of tubes formed on matri-gel that made artificial basement membrane was counted. Results Western blot and MALDI-TOF MS showed that APJ and APJ homodimer were expressed in HUVECs. The EC50 of Apelin-13 was 2.26 x 10

2.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 582-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981579

ABSTRACT

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an important medical imaging method, whose major limitation is its long scan time due to the imaging mechanism, increasing patients' cost and waiting time for the examination. Currently, parallel imaging (PI) and compress sensing (CS) together with other reconstruction technologies have been proposed to accelerate image acquisition. However, the image quality of PI and CS depends on the image reconstruction algorithms, which is far from satisfying in respect to both the image quality and the reconstruction speed. In recent years, image reconstruction based on generative adversarial network (GAN) has become a research hotspot in the field of magnetic resonance imaging because of its excellent performance. In this review, we summarized the recent development of application of GAN in MRI reconstruction in both single- and multi-modality acceleration, hoping to provide a useful reference for interested researchers. In addition, we analyzed the characteristics and limitations of existing technologies and forecasted some development trends in this field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acceleration , Algorithms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Technology
3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 912-919, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014091

ABSTRACT

Aim To reveal the aetion mechanism of Trillium tschonoskii Maxim (TTM) in the treatment of myoeardial ischemia ( MI) by using network pharma¬cology combined with molecular docking.Methods Compounds of TTM were detected and fished out from TCMID, TCM@TAIWAN , BATMAN-TCM database, and the literature data from PubMed , CNK1, and WAN- FANGD database.PharmMapper database was used to find the targets related to compounds, and DISGeNET, GeneCards, DrugBank and OMIM databases were used to find the targets related to Ml.The predictive targets of TTM in the treatment of Ml were obtained.Cytosca- ope 3.1.2 Software and String database were used to build compound-target network and PP1 network.Gene ontology ( GO ) functional enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes ( KEGG ) pathway enrichment analysis were performed by utili¬zing the CludterProfiler Software package of RStudio software.The molecular docking was used for verifying the results of network analysis.Results The 10 active compounds of TTM were screened , and 13 core targets of Ml were predicted, such as ALB, EGFR, MAPK1 , CASP3,ESR1 ,etc.A total of 28 Ml-related signaling pathways were fished out.The results of molecular docking showed that the core active ingredients had good binding activity with the key targets.Conclusion TTM may play a role in the treatment of Ml through regulating multiple ingredients, multiple pathways, and multiple targets.

4.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 486-489, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984140

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the characteristics of thoracic aorta injury in road traffic accidents, to provide data reference for forensic identification.@*METHODS@#The data of 27 traffic accident death cases with thoracic aorta injury were analyzed according to relevant parameters including sex, age, mode of transportation, and thoracic aorta injury.@*RESULTS@#Aortic injury in traffic accidents was significantly more in males than females, and 74.1% cases were in the age range of 31-70 years. The most common mode of transportation was the motorcycle, followed by electric bike, most of which crashed with trucks. Most cases were accompanied by rib fractures and lung injuries. Thoracic aorta injury was the most common in ascending aorta, followed by aortic arch and thoracic aorta. Ascending aorta injury was most likely to occur in the range of 0-<1.6 cm from the aortic valve, while it was rare over 2.6 cm. Taking the aortic valve as the reference, the most common locations of injury were the anterior semilunar valve, followed by the right posterior semilunar valve and the left posterior semilunar valve. Thoracic aortic rupture occurred in 63.0% cases, and intima and media lacerations only occurred in 37.0% cases. A few deceased had aortic diseases.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The proximal part of the ascending aorta is prone to be injured because of the large external force of traffic accidents. The medical examiner should carefully examine the aortic injury in traffic accident deaths, and evaluate the relationship between the injury and the disease according to the condition and degree of aortic injury.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aorta, Thoracic/injuries , Accidents, Traffic , Thoracic Injuries , Aortic Rupture/etiology , Rib Fractures
5.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1160-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972130

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To observe the expression of peripheral blood stimulating molecules CD80 and CD86 in children with severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), and to analyze the relationship between them and the therapeutic effects of children. Methods The clinical data of 252 children with severe HFMD treated in Wuhan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from March 2017 to March 2021 were collected retrospectively. All children were treated with standardized treatment and the therapeutic effects was evaluated. The baseline data and laboratory test results of children were recorded, and the positive rates of CD80 and CD86 cells in peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometry. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between the above indexes and the therapeutic effects of children. The receiver operating curve (ROC) was drawn to evaluate the value of the above indicators in predicting the therapeutic effects of children. Results After standardized treatment, 48 children were ineffective, and 204 children were effective; the levels of serum CD80 [(2.28±0.84)% vs (2.12±0.33 )%] and CD86 [(3.35±0.96)% vs (2.23±0.41)%] in children were significantly lower than those at admission (t=2.851, 16.991; P<0.05). The levels of blood lactic acid, serum C-reactive protein (CRP), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), CD80 and CD86 at admission in the ineffective group were significantly higher than those of the effective group (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the overexpression of serum CRP (OR=10.929), MMP-9 (OR=1.926), CD80 (OR=3.943) and CD86 (OR=1.947) at admission might be the risk factors of ineffective (all P<0.05). The results of the goodness of fit test for the model showed that, the goodness of fit was high (χ2=6.245, P=0.620); the model collinearity results showed that the variance inflation factors (VIF) values of each variable were <2, and there was no collinearity among the main indicators; the results of the individual independence test for the model showed that Durbin-Watson statistics (D-W)=0.279 and there was poor mutual independence among main indicators. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve(AUC) of serum CD80 at admission in predicting the therapeutic effects of children was 0.762, the cut-off value was 2.390%, and the specificity, sensitivity and Youden index were 0.598, 0792 and 0.390 respectively; the AUC predicted by CD86 was 0.739, the cut-off value was 3.280%, and the specificity, sensitivity and Youden index were 0.510, 0.896 and 0.406 respectively; the AUC by combined prediction was 0.823, and the specificity, sensitivity and Youden index were 0.696, 0.833 and 0.529 respectively. Conclusions Peripheral blood stimulating molecules CD80 and CD86 are involved in the progression of HFMD. Their overexpression may suggest a high risk of treatment ineffectiveness in children with severe HFMD. Early dynamic monitoring of the expression of serum CD80 and CD86 has a certain predictive value for the therapeutic effect of children.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3441-3450, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906822

ABSTRACT

Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) are nano-sized spherical vehicles, with a size range between 20-250 nm. OMVs are spontaneously secreted from Gram-negative bacteria and formed by lipid bilayer membranes, comprising multiple parent bacteria-derived components including bacterial antigens, pathogen-associated molecular patterns, proteins and lipids. OMVs have shown multiple potentials for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer therapy and bacterial infection. In this review, the structure, composition and methods for isolating and characterizing of OMVs were introduced. The applications of OMVs for diseases therapy were summarized and future perspectives were discussed.

7.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 37-42, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of cognitive-motor dual task training on vascular mild cognitive impairment (VaMCI) in old patients. Methods:From March to September, 2019, 76 old patients with VaMCI in three general hospitals were divided into control group (n = 38) and intervention group (n = 38). All the patients accepted health education, while the intervention group accepted cognitive-motor dual task training in addition, for three months. They were assessed with Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Beijing Version (MoCA-BJ) and Trail Making Test (TMT-A) before and after intervention, and the one-year incidence of fall before and after intervention was investigated in the intervention group. Results:Two cases in the control group and three cases in the intervention group dropped down. The total score and dimension scores of MoCA-BJ were more significantly in the intervention group than in the control group after intervention (|Z| > 2.002, P < 0.05), except the dimension of naming, while the time for TMT-A was significantly less (Z = -5.949, P < 0.001). The one-year incidence of fall decreased significantly during the year after intervention (χ2 = 10.080, P < 0.01). Conclusion:Cognitive-motor dual task training can improve the cognitive function of older VaMCI patients, especially for attention and executive function, and reduce the risk of fall.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2109-2112, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904853

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) combined with gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ratio in the diagnosis of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods A total of 352 subjects who received treatment or underwent physical examination in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from January 15 to June 15, 2020, were enrolled, among whom there were 86 healthy controls (HC group), 68 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB group), 69 patients with liver cirrhosis (LC group), and 129 patients with HCC (HCC group), and a retrospective analysis was performed for the serological test results of all subjects. An analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups; the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of continuous data with skewed distribution between multiple groups, and the Nemenyi method was used for further comparison between two groups. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate predictor variables; a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted for AFP, GGT/AST, and the predictor variables used alone or in combination, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity were calculated; the Z test was used for comparison of AUC. Results The HCC group had significantly higher GGT/AST ratio and AFP than the other groups (all P < 0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that AFP combined with GGT/AST ratio had a significantly higher AUC than AFP alone in the HCC group vs the LC group, the HCC group vs the HC+CHB+LC groups, and the HCC group vs the CHB+LC groups ( Z =2.684, 2.241, and 2.415, P =0.007, 0.025, and 0.016). Conclusion AFP combined with GGT/AST ratio can improve the clinical diagnostic performance of HBV-related HCC and thus has a certain diagnostic value.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 695-698, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873819

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world, and the study on the regulatory mechanisms of the invasion and migration of HCC is of great significance to clinical diagnosis and treatment. Circular RNA (circRNA), as an important member of the non-coding RNA family, plays the role of microRNA (miRNA) sponge in hepatocytes due to its highly stable circular structure. It also plays an important role in HCC progression by regulating miRNA or promoting the expression of target genes through the competitive endogenous RNA mechanism. This article explores the mechanism of action of circRNA in the pathogenesis of HCC, so as to help with the screening for diagnostic markers of HCC and the development of effective therapeutic targets for HCC.

10.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 410-416, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882996

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of peer support education on family function of breast cancer patients with breast reconstruction.Methods:Totally 146 patients who received surgical treatment in the department of plastic surgery for breast cancer from June 2017 to June 2019 were randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group by the method of random number table, 73 cases each. The control group received routine education. Patients in the observation group received regular education and peer support education. The intervention time was from admission to 6 months after discharge, and the control group received routine nursing care. Quality of life questionnaire was used to evaluate the quality of life of the patients at six months after operation, family care index questionnaire was used to evaluate the family function of the patients, and comprehend social support scale was used to evaluate the level of social support, then various indicators of the two groups of patients were compared.Results:6 months after operation, the scores of quality of life function and symptom dimension of the intervention group were 6.43±1.54. 5.83±1.47, while control group were 6.02±1.59; 6.39±1.63. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups ( t values were 4.30, 5.01, P < 0.05); family care scores of the two groups were compared, the intervention group was 8.78±2.04. The control group was 8.43±2.05. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups ( t value was 2.02, P < 0.05); the comprehension support score of the two groups was compared, and that of the intervention group was 62.24±14.81. The control group was 55.74±13.58. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups ( t value was 4.26, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Peer support education can improve the quality of life and family care of breast cancer patients with breast reconstruction.

11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 946-951, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942280

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare well-known preload dynamic parameters intraoperatively including stroke volume variation (SVV), pulse pressure variation (PPV), and plethysmographic variability index (PVI) in children who underwent craniotomy for epileptogenic lesion excision.@*METHODS@#A total of 30 children aged 0 to 14 years undergoing craniotomy for intracranial epileptogenic lesion excision were enrolled. During surgery, we measured PPV, SVV (measured by the Flotrac/Vigileo device), and PVI (measured by the Masimo Radical-7 monitor) simultaneously and continuously. Preload dynamic parameter measurements were collected at predefined steps: after induction of anesthesia, during opening the skull, intraoperative electroencephalogram monitoring, excision of epileptogenic lesion, skull closure, at the end of the operation. After exclusion of outliers, agreement among SVV, PPV, and PVI was assessed using repeated measures of Bland-Altman approach. The 4-quadrant and polar plot techniques were used to assess the trending ability among the changes in the three parameters.@*RESULTS@#The mean SVV, PPV, and PVI were 8%±2%, 10%±3%, and 15%±7%, respectively during surgery. We analyzed a total of 834 paired measurements (3 to 8 data sets for each phase per patient). Repeated measures Bland-Altman analysis identified a bias of -2.3 and 95% confidence intervals between -1.9 and -2.7 (95% limits of agreement between -6.0 and 1.5) between PPV and SVV, showing significant correlation at all periods. The bias between PPV and PVI was -5.0 with 95% limits of agreement between -20.5 and 10.5, and that between SVV and PVI was -7.5 with 95% limits of agreement between -22.7 and 7.8, both not showing significant correlation. Reflected by 4-quadrant plots, the con-cordance rates showing the trending ability between the changes in PPV and SVV, PPV and PVI, SVV and PVI were 88.6%, 50.4%, and 50.1%, respectively. The concordance rate between PPV and SVV was higher (92.7%) in children aged less than 3 years compared with those aged 3 and more than 3 years. The mean angular bias, radial limits of agreement, and angular concordance rate in the polar analysis were not clinically acceptable in the changes between arterial pressure waveform-based parameters and volume-based PVI (PPV vs. PVI: angular mean bias 8.4°, angular concordance rate 29.9%; SVV vs. PVI: angular mean bias 2.4°, angular concordance rate 29.1%). There was a high concordance between the two arterial pressure waveform-based parameters reflected by the polar plot (angular mean bias -0.22°, angular concordance rate 86.6%).@*CONCLUSION@#PPV can be viewed as a surrogate for SVV, especially in children aged less than 3 years. The agreement between arterial pressure waveform-based preload parameters (PPV and SVV) and PVI is poor and these two should not be considered interchangeable. Attempt to combine PVI and PPV for improving the anesthesiologist's ability to monitor cardiac preload in major pediatric surgery is warranted.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Arterial Pressure , Blood Pressure , Craniotomy , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Stroke Volume
12.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 827-834, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912481

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic and prognostic value of the growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) and the procalcitonin (PCT) in sepsis.Methods:A total number of 137 patients with sepsis (considered as the sepsis group) and 59 patients with inflammatory infection but not diagnosed as sepsis (the non-sepsis group) received treatment in intensive care unit of Renming Hospital of Wuhan University were collected from July 2020 to January 2021, and 62 cases of healthy physical examination (control group) were simultaneously chosen as control. Sepsis patients were divided into two groups (death group [ n=48] and survival group [ n=89]) according to their 28-day′s survival. The serum levels of GDF15, PCT, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) were examined, and the levels of each index, was dynamically monitored on the 1st, 3rd and 7th day after admission. The differences of the two indicators between different groups were compared by non-parametric test. The correlation between GDF15 and PCT was analyzed by Spearman correlation test. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of the two indicators for sepsis. Results:The levels of GDF15 in the sepsis group, non-sepsis group and control group were 3.22 (1.39, 6.31) μg/L, 0.84 (0.21, 1.66) μg/L and 0.11 (0.09, 0.13) μg/L, respectively. The levels of PCT were 13.10 (1.99, 50.25) μg/L, 0.24 (0.13, 0.68) μg/L and 0.05 (0.03, 0.10) μg/L, respectively. The levels of CRP were 115.80 (26.40, 184.07) mg/L, 24.20 (11.30, 53.20) mg/L and 0.50 (0.50, 2.76) mg/L, respectively. The levels of IL-6 were 68.26 (21.59, 255.46) ng/L, 33.20 (10.81, 89.27) ng/L and 8.82 (7.33, 11.23) ng/L, respectively. The levels of IL-10 were 11.30 (5.88, 25.50) ng/L, 9.34 (5.65, 16.90) ng/L and 4.94 (4.31, 5.31) ng/L, respectively. The GDF15, PCT, CRP and IL-6 of the sepsis group were significantly higher than those of the non-sepsis group (The U values were 67.681, 86.034, 44.164 and 38.934, respectively, with P values less than 0.05) and the control group (The U values were 136.475, 138.667, 120.701 and 100.886, respectively, with P values less than 0.001). There was no significant difference in IL-10 between sepsis group and nonsepsis group, but it was higher than that of control group ( U=80.221, P<0.001). There was a positive correlation between GDF15 and PCT in patients with sepsis, and the spearman correlation coefficient was 0.234 ( P=0.006). The GDF15 of the death group and the survival group were 5.49 (3.60, 8.25) μg/L and 2.03 (1.06, 3.69) μg/L, and the PCT levels were 26.45 (11.23, 94.25) μg/L and 9.08 (1.33, 22.75) μg/L, respectively. GDF15 and PCT in the death group were significantly higher than those in the survival group ( U values were 3 305.500 and 3 060.000, respectively, and P values were both less than 0.001). The GDF15 and PCT levels in the death group were higher than those in the survival group on the 1st, 3rd and 7th day of dynamic monitoring ( P<0.05), however, the level of CRP and IL-10 were not significantly different ( P>0.05). The level of IL-6 in the death group was not significantly different from that of the death group on 1st day, but was higher than that of the survival group on the 3rd and 7th day ( P<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of GDF15, PCT, CRP, IL-6 and IL-10 alone and in the combined diagnosis of sepsis were 0.899, 0.938, 0.874, 0.789, 0.698 and 0.962, respectively. The combined detection of AUC was better than a single index; the GDF15, PCT, CRP, IL-6 and IL-10 alone and combined detection of sepsis prognosis AUC were 0.774, 0.716, 0.522, 0.623, 0.520 and 0.839, respectively, the combined detection of AUC is also better than single index. Conclusions:GDF15 and PCT have good clinical reference value in the differential diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis. The combination of indicators has a higher clinical value. GDF15 may become a biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis.

13.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 628-636, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of Piezo1 protein in mediating the osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) via the Notch signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#In this study, young permanent teeth extracted from impacted teeth of 8-14-year-
old children from January 1, 2016 to January 1, 2018 in the Department of Orthodontic, Beijing Children's Hospital were selected as cell sources. hPDLSCs were extracted by enzymatic digestion. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of keratin and vimentin, and flow cytometry was used to identify the markers (CD146 and STRO-1) of hPDLSCs. The construction and screening of Piezo1 siRNA gene interference vector and Piezo1 gene overexpression plasmid were completed. Flexcell 4000T mechanical distraction stress instrument was used to construct hPDLSC cell model in vitro. According to the preliminary results, the experiment was divided into five groups: siRNA interference group, overexpression group, blank control group, stretch stress group, and negative control group. Real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression of Piezo1, Notch1, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), osteocalcin (OCN), and bone sialoprotein (BSP). Western blot was used to detect the expression of ALP and Runx2. Fluo-3 AM probe was used to detect intracellular calcium content.@*RESULTS@#Vimentin staining of hPDLSCs was positive, and keratin staining was negative. Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of STRO-1 and CD146, markers of hPDLSC. Empty viral vectors, siRNA-Piezo1 interference sequence, and Piezo1 overexpression vector sequence could be transfected into hPDLSC by lentivirus, and the transfection efficiency was high (approximately 90%). The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results showed that there were significant differences in Piezo1 gene levels among the siRNA interference group, overexpression group, blank control group, stretch stress group, and negative control group (F=9.573, P<0.05). The level of Piezo1 in the overexpression group was significantly higher than that in the siRNA interference group (q=3.893, P<0.05). The level of Piezo1 in the stretch stress group was significantly higher than that in the blank control group (q=2.006, P<0.05). The expression of Notch1 and osteogenic genes ALP, Runx2, OCN, and BSP had the same trend. Western blot results showed that there were significant differences in the expression of ALP in the siRNA interference group, overexpression group, blank control group, stretch stress group, and negative control group (F=11.207, P<0.001). The expression level of ALP in the overexpression group was significantly higher than that in the siRNA interference group (q=2.991, P<0.05). The expression of ALP in the stretch stress group was significantly higher than that in the blank control group (q=3.007, P<0.05). The expression of Runx2 protein showed the same trend. The intracellular calcium fluorescence intensity of the overexpression group was significantly higher than that of the siRNA interference group, and the intracellular calcium fluorescence intensity of the stretch stress group was significantly higher than that of the siRNA interference group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mechanical stretch stress can promote the expression of Piezo1 protein. Ca2+ is the second messenger, activates the Notch1 signaling pathway and the expression of ALP, Runx2, OCN, and BSP; and promotes the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSC. The siRNA-Piezo1 interfering plasmid can block this process. On the contrary, the overexpression plasmid of Piezo1 can promote the osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Alkaline Phosphatase , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Ion Channels , Osteogenesis , Periodontal Ligament , Signal Transduction , Stem Cells
14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1206-1211, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857143

ABSTRACT

G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) can form biologically relevant dimers and oligomers, which are important to regulate receptor function. They have specific signal transduction pathways, thus mediating a series of physiological and pathological processes, such as cardiovascular regulation, energy metabolism, etc. GPCR dimers become one of the new drug targets, attracting increasing attention. Traditionally, the research on GPCR dimers have been performed on a population " ensemble average" level. However, the main problem is that there may be valuable information hidden in this " noise". Single molecule technology has unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution, which can directly display the internal state, trajectory of GPCR dimers and the changes with time and surrounding environment. It helps to further analyze the key role and drug targets of GPCR dimers. Here, we review single-molecule techniques (such as total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy, stimulated emis-sion loss microscopy and ground state depletion microscopy, etc.) that have been applied to GPCR dimers.

15.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 516-521, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754152

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of ginkgo biloba extracts ( EGb761) on learning and memory and the protective effect on hippocampal neurons in rats with vascular dementia (VD). Meth-ods Ninety rats were randomly divided into sham-operated group,model group and EGb761-treated group, with 30 rats in each group. Rats in each group were examined at 15 days,1 month and 2 months,with 10 rats in each time point. VD model was established by bilateral carotid artery occlusion combinding with injection of sodium nitroprusside. Morris water maze test was used to detect the learning and memory function of rats. The expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) was observed by immunofluorescence. Western-blot was used to detect the protein expression of P-glycoprotein ( P-GP ), excitatory amino acid transporters 2 ( EAAT2),caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-3. RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of P-GP and EAAT2 in the hippocampus of rats in each group. Results Compared with sham-operated group,the escape latency (EL) was significantly prolonged at each time point in model group ( sham-operated group:15 days (15. 52±3. 23) s,1 month ( 14. 21 ± 2. 62) s,2 months ( 15. 37 ± 1. 66) s;model group:15 days ( 30. 35 ± 2. 30)s,1 month(40. 78± 3. 55) s, 2 months( 33. 88± 1. 47) s; all P<0. 01). The EL of EGb761-treated group was significantly shorter than that of the model group(EGb761-treated group:15 days(25. 69±2. 44)s, 1 month(20. 78±1. 72)s,2 months(18. 23±1. 67)s,all P<0. 01). Immunofluorescence showed that the ex-pression of GFAP in EGb761-treated group was lower than that of the model group (P<0. 01). Western blot showed that cleaved caspase-3 protein expression in EGb761-treated group at each time point was significant-ly lower than that in the model group (P<0. 01). Western-blot and RT-PCR results showed that the protein and mRNA expression of P-GP and EAAT2 in EGb761-treated group at 15 day and 1 month time points were significant increased than those in the model group (P<0. 01). At 2 month time point,which were lower than those in the model group (P<0. 01). Conclusion EGb761 can improve the learning and memory ability of VD rats,and regulate the protein and mRNA expression of P-GP and EAAT2 in hippocampus of VD rats at different time points (up-regulated in 1 month and down-regulated in 2 month),and down-regulate the ex-pression of cleaved caspase-3 and GFAP at different time points,thereby delaying the brain damage of VD rats and protecting neurons.

16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 38-47, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719689

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Helicobacter pylori (HP)-infected gastric cancer (GC) is known to be a fatal malignant tumor, but the molecular mechanisms underlying its proliferation, invasion, and migration remain far from being completely understood. Our aim in this study was to explore miR-1915 expression and its molecular mechanisms in regulating proliferation, invasion, and migration of HP-infected GC cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR and western blot analysis were performed to determine miR-1915 and receptor for advanced glycation end product (RAGE) expression in HP-infected GC tissues and gastritis tissues, as well as human gastric mucosal cell line GES-1 and human GC cell lines SGC-7901 and MKN45. CCK8 assay and transwell assay were performed to detect the proliferation, invasion, and migration capabilities. MiR-1915 mimics and miR-1915 inhibitor were transfected into GC cells to determine the target relationship between miR-1915 and RAGE. RESULTS: MiR-1915 was under-expressed, while RAGE was over-expressed in HP-infected GC tissues and GC cells. Over-expressed miR-1915 could attenuate cellular proliferation, invasion, and migration capacities. RAGE was confirmed to be the target gene of miR-1915 by bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay. Moreover, HP-infected GC cellular proliferation, invasion, and migration were inhibited after treatment with pcDNA-RAGE. CONCLUSION: MiR-1915 exerted tumor-suppressive effects on cellular proliferation, invasion, and migration of HP-infected GC cells via targeting RAGE, which provided an innovative target candidate for treatment of HP-infected GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Computational Biology , Gastritis , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Luciferases , Rage , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Stomach Neoplasms , Up-Regulation
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2594-2599, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773221

ABSTRACT

To study the mechanism and action of Cinnamomi Ramulus in ameliorating intrahepatic cholestasis induced by α-isothiocyanate( ANIT) in rats by regulating FXR pathway. Forty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group,model group,positive control( ursodeoxycholic acid) group( 60 mg·kg~(-1)),Cinnamomi Ramulus treatment( 60 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) group,and Cinnamomi Ramulus treatment( 20 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) group,with 8 rats in each group. Except for the normal control group,the other groups were intragastrically administered with the corresponding concentrations of continuous aqueous solution( 0. 005 m L·g~(-1)),once a day,for 7 days.Except for the normal group,the other groups were treated with ANIT( 100 mg·kg~(-1)),once a day,for 3 days. Blood was taken from the abdominal aorta 24 hours after the last administration,and serum alanine aminotransferase( ALT),aspartate aminotransferase( AST),total bilirubin( TBi L),and total bile acid( TBA) were measured. 1. 5-2 cm of rat liver tissue was taken. After fixation with10% formaldehyde,paraffin-embedded sections were taken,HE staining was performed,and immunohistochemistry( IHC) was used to analyze the expression of FXR. RNA and protein were extracted from rat liver tissue to detect FXR mRNA expression,as well as bile acid synthesis and detoxification,transport related SHP,UGT2 B4,BSEP protein expressions at downstream of FXR. Compared with the normal group,serum ALT,AST,TBi L,and TBA levels were elevated in the model group( P<0. 01),liver damage was severe,FXR protein's optical density decreased,FXR mRNA expression decreased,and SHP,UGT2 B4,BSEP protein expressions were decreased( P<0. 05,P<0. 01). Compared with the model group,the drug group could reduce serum ALT,AST,TB,TBA levels to different degrees( P<0. 05,P<0. 01),alleviate liver tissue damage,increase the optical density of FXR protein,and promote the expressions of FXR mRNA and FXR,SHP,BSEP and UGT2 B4 proteins( P<0. 05,P<0. 01). Cinnamomi Ramulus can alleviate ANIT-induced intrahepatic cholestasis,and reduce hepatocyte injury and serum ALT,AST,TBi L and TBA levels. The mechanism may be through FXR-SHP,FXR-UGT2 B4,FXR-BSEP signaling pathways. Therefore,in the pathogenesis of intrahepatic cholestasis,we can try to further explore in alleviating intrahepatic cholestasis with Cinnamomi Ramulus,so as to provide effective drugs for clinical treatment of intrahepatic cholestasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Bile Acids and Salts , Blood , Bilirubin , Blood , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Drug Therapy , Cinnamomum , Chemistry , Isothiocyanates , Liver , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , RNA-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
18.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 778-781, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697695

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the immune status characteristics of primary ITP patients with abnor-mal auto-antibodies. Methods A total of 110 patients were enrolled in our study,who were admitted in Fu-Xing Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2001 to July 2015.According to whether the patients have autoimmune diseases and the presence of auto-antibodies,we divided the patients into 3 groups,including the primary ITP with abnormal auto-antibodies(PITP-ANA)group,the primary ITP(PITP)group and the second-ary ITP(SITP)group.We compared the T-cell subsets,regulatory T cells,B lymphocytes,changes of immunoglob-ulin and bone marrow biopsy and cytology of patients among the three groups,retrospectively. Results The per-centage of CD3+T cells(61.72 ± 10.60)% in PITP-ANA group was lower than that in PITP group(69.57 ± 11.99)%. The percentage of CD8+T lymphocyte(24.00 ± 7.67)% was significantly lower than that of PITP group (30.59 ± 11.08)%(P<0.05).The proportion of Treg in PITP group,PITP-ANA group and SITP group were(6.12 ± 1.41)%,(7.50 ± 2.76)% and(8.49 ± 2.47)%,respectively,with statistically significant differences.The ra-tio of CD19+T cell in PITP-ANA group(25.75 ± 9.98)%was significantly higher than that in PITP group(16.16 ± 8.19)%(P < 0.01). The concentration of IgG、IgA、κ light chain and λ light chain in PITP group,PITP-ANA group and SITP group showed an upward trend and the highest level was in the SITP group,with statistically signifi-cant differences among the three groups. A variety of abnormal auto-antibodies could be found in both PITP-ANA group and SITP group. Conclusions We consider that the immune function abnormity of patients in PITP-ANA group were worse than that in PITP group,because the concentration of immunoglobulin,the percentage of B lym-phocyte and Treg ratio are higher in than those in PITP group.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1503-1506, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731269

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To investigate the risk factors of diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetic patients. <p>METHODS: The data of 1 013 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who admitted to hospital from January 2013 to April 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Diabetic retinopathy patients were included in the observation group, and non diabetic retinopathy patients were included in the control group. Then the risk factors of diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetic patients were analyzed. <p>RESULTS: After investigation, the incidence of DR was 27.74%(281/1013). By univariate analysis, the differences of gender, age, duration of T2DM, blood pressure, HbA1c, HDL-C, creatinine and 24h urine protein between the two groups were statistically significant(<i>P</i><0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that men, age more than 60 years, T2DM duration of more than 10a, and blood pressure, HbA1c, HDL-C, creatinine, and abnormal expression of 24h urinary protein were risk factors for DR in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients(<i>P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: At present, the risk of DR in patients with type 2 diabetes is also higher. Men, age more than 60 years, T2DM duration of more than 10a, and blood pressure, HbA1c, HDL-C, creatinine, and abnormal expression of 24h urinary protein are risk factors for DR in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 52-56, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809803

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To verify the safety and efficacy of IONTRIS particle therapy system (IONTRIS) in clinical implementation.@*Methods@#Between 6.2014 and 8.2014, a total of 35 patients were enrolled into this trial: 31 males and 4 females with a median age of 69 yrs (range 39-80). Ten patients had locally recurrent head and neck tumors after surgery, 4 cases with thoracic malignancies, 1 case with hepatocellular carcinoma, 1 case with retroperitoneal sarcoma, and 19 cases with non-metastatic prostate carcinomas. Phantom dose verification was mandatory for each field before the start of radiation.@*Results@#Twenty-two patients received carbon ion and 13 had proton irradiation. With a median follow-up time of 1 year, all patients were alive. Among the 16 patients with head and neck, thoracic, and abdominal/pelvic tumors, 2, 1, 12, and 1 cases developed complete response, partial response, stable disease, or disease progression, respectively. Progression-free survival rate was 93.8% (15/16). Among the 19 patients with prostate cancer, biological-recurrence free survival was 100%. Particle therapy was well tolerated in all 35 patients. Twenty-five patients (71.4%) experienced 33 grade 1 acute adverse effects, which subsided at 1 year follow-up. Six (17.1%) patients developed grade 1 late adverse effects. No significant change in ECOG or body weight was observed.@*Conclusions@#IONTRIS is safe and effective for clinical use. However, long term follow-up is needed to observe the late toxicity and long term result.

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