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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 197-202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935670

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prognostic factors of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) who had undergone cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in China. Methods: From November 2017 to October 2018, this retrospective multi-center study was conducted in 11 hospitals in China. It contained data from 281 cases who had undergone CPR and all of the subjects were divided into CHD group and non-CHD group. The general condition, duration of CPR, epinephrine doses during resuscitation, recovery of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), discharge survival rate and pediatric cerebral performance category in viable children at discharge were compared. According to whether malignant arrhythmia is the direct cause of cardiopulmonary arrest or not, children in CHD and non-CHD groups were divided into 2 subgroups: arrhythmia and non-arrhythmia, and the ROSC and survival rate to discharge were compared. Data in both groups were analyzed by t-test, chi-square analysis or ANOVA, and logistic regression were used to analyze the prognostic factors for ROSC and survival to discharge after cardiac arrest (CA). Results: The incidence of CA in PICU was 3.2% (372/11 588), and the implementation rate of CPR was 75.5% (281/372). There were 144 males and 137 females with median age of 32.8 (5.6, 42.7) months in all 281 CPA cases who received CPR. CHD group had 56 cases while non-CHD had 225 cases, with the percentage of 19.9% (56/281) and 80.1% (225/281) respectively. The proportion of female in CHD group was 60.7% (34/56) which was higher than that in non-CHD group (45.8%, 103/225) (χ2=4.00, P=0.045). There were no differences in ROSC and rate of survival to discharge between the two groups (P>0.05). The ROSC rate of children with arthythmid in CHD group was 70.0% (28/40), higher than 6/16 for non-arrhythmic children (χ2=5.06, P=0.024). At discharge, the pediatric cerebral performance category scores (1-3 scores) of CHD and non-CHD child were 50.9% (26/51) and 44.9% (92/205) respectively. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the independent prognostic factors of ROSC and survival to discharge in children with CHD were CPR duration (odds ratio (OR)=0.95, 0.97; 95%CI: 0.92~0.97, 0.95~0.99; both P<0.05) and epinephrine dosage (OR=0.87 and 0.79, 95%CI: 0.76-1.00 and 0.69-0.89, respectively; both P<0.05). Conclusions: There is no difference between CHD and non-CHD children in ROSC and survival rate of survival to discharge was low. The epinephrine dosage and the duration of CPR are related to the ROSC and survival to discharge of children with CHD.


Subject(s)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Heart Arrest/therapy , Heart Defects, Congenital/therapy , Humans , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Male , Retrospective Studies
2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 116-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of the combination of 18F-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET/CT and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in identifying the grade group of prostate cancer, using parameters derived from the two imaging modalities. Method:Prostate cancer patients diagnosed by histopathology and received 18F-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI during September 2018 to May 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively studied. The median age was 68(64-75), with the median PSA level of 14.74(7.75-24.19)ng/mL. All patients received mpMRI before biopsy. On biopsy, 6(12.2%) patients had International Society of Urological Pathology grade group(ISUP GG) 1 diseases, 16(32.7%) had ISUP GG 2 diseases, 12(24.5%) had ISUP GG 3 diseases, and 15(10.9%) had ISUP GG 4 or 5 diseases. Patients were then divided into high-grade group (ISUP 4-5) and low-grade group(ISUP 1-3). The median age of patients in high-grade group and low-grade group were 65(62-76) and 71(65-74), respectively. The PSA level in high-grade group and low-grade group were 15.11(6.63-42.86) ng/ml and 12.31(7.94-18.25) ng/ml, respectively. No significant differences were found in age and PSA level between the two groups ( P=0.334, P=0.448). All patients underwent 18F-PSMA PET/CT within 4 weeks after biopsy. The maximum standardized uptake value(SUV max) and the minimum apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC min)were recorded, and the ratio of SUV max/ ADC minwere calculated. The correlation between the above parameters and ISUP grade group were analyzed.The diagnostic value of the parameters was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The data of 49 patients were analyzed. The average ADC minwas (0.57±0.16)×10 -3 mm 2/s, with the average SUV max and SUV max/ADC min of 15.30±12.54 and (29.69±23.72)×10 3, respectively. Statistical differences were found in SUV max ( P=0.012) and SUV max/ADC min ( P=0.002) between the high- and low-grade groups, while ADC min ( P=0.411) showed no statistical differences between the two groups. Significant positive correlations were found between SUV max(r=0.501, P<0.001), SUV max/ADC min (r=0.527, P<0.001) and ISUP grade group, respectively. There was a negative correlation between ADC min and ISUP grade group (r=-0.296, P=0.039). SUV max/ADC min was the best index to distinguish high-grade group from low-grade group prostate cancer with the area under the curve(AUC) of 0.749. In contrast, the AUC of SUV maxand ADC min were 0.731 and 0.615, respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of SUV max/ADC min were 73.3% and 85.3%, respectively, with a critical value of 37.23×10 3. Conclusion:The combination use of 18F-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI could improve the diagnostic efficiency for prostate cancer, compared to either modality alone. The ratio of SUV max/ADC min has a positive correlation with ISUP grade group, and is a promising index for distinguishing the high-grade prostate cancer from low-grade cancer.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927929

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluated the clinical efficacy and safety of Liuwei Wuling Tablets combined with conventional drugs for the treatment of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis in chronic hepatitis B. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library were searched for the relevant randomized controlled trials(RCTs) published from database inception to February 2021. All the retrieved papers were independently screened, extracted and evaluated by two researchers, followed by Meta-analysis by Review Manager 5.4. Finally, 18 RCTs were included, involving 2 168 patients(1 106 in the treatment group and 1 062 in the control group). The Meta-analysis results showed that compared with conventional drugs alone, Liuwei Wuling Tablets combined with conventional drugs could increase the effective rate of clinical treatment by reducing serum hyaluronic acid(HA), laminin(LN), procollagen type Ⅲ(PCⅢ), and type Ⅳ collagen(Ⅳ-C) to improve liver function, decreasing the levels of total bilirubin(TBiL), alanine amino-transferase(ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase(AST), and improving the negative conversion ratio of hepatitis B virus(HBV) DNA. In terms of safety, there were no serious adverse reactions in the treatment group and the control group. The results showed that Liuwei Wuling Tablets combined with antiviral or other conventional liver-protecting drugs could improve liver function, treat liver cirrhosis, and reduce liver fibrosis with high safety. However, due to the influence of literature quality and quantity, multi-center and high-quality RCTs with large sample size are needed for verification.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , Tablets
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 209-216, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927596

ABSTRACT

Mounting evidence has shown that exercise exerts extensive beneficial effects, including preventing and protecting against chronic diseases, through improving metabolism and other mechanisms. Recent studies have shown that exercise preconditioning affords significant cardioprotective effects. However, whether exercise preconditioning improves high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and lipid metabolic disorder remains unknown. The study was aimed to explore the effects of exercise preconditioning on HFD-induced obesity and lipid metabolic disorder in mice. 4-week-old C57BL/6 mice were subjected to swimming or sedentary control for 3 months, and then were fed with normal diet (ND) or HFD for 4 more months. The results showed that the blood glucose was decreased, and the glucose tolerance and grip strength were increased in exercised mice after training. Exercise preconditioning failed to improve HFD-induced body weight gain, but improved HFD-induced glucose intolerance. Exercise preconditioning showed no significant effects on both exercise capacity and physical activity in ND- and HFD-fed mice. HFD feeding increased total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein (LDL) levels in circulation, promoted subcutaneous fat and epididymal fat accumulation in mice. Exercise preconditioning increased circulating high density lipoprotein (HDL) and decreased circulating LDL, without affecting the subcutaneous fat and epididymal fat in HFD-fed mice. HFD feeding increased liver weight and hepatic total cholesterol contents, and dysregulated the expressions of several mitochondria function-related proteins in mice. These abnormalities were partially reversed by exercise preconditioning. Together, these results suggest that exercise preconditioning can partially reverse the HFD-induced lipid metabolic disorder and hepatic dysfunction, and these beneficial effects of exercise sustain for a period of time, even after exercise is discontinued.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cholesterol/metabolism , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Lipids , Liver , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Obesity
5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 824-829, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911127

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of the magnetic resonance imaging guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) in the treatment of localized prostate cancer (PCa).Methods:The data of 5 patients treated by MRgFUS from August 2020 to June 2021 in our institution were retrospectively analyzed. The median age was 73 (58-80) years, with the median PSA of 7.34 (5.19-8.40) ng/ml, and a median prostate volume of 27.96 (21.50-37.91) ml. The median pretreatment international prostate symptom score (IPSS) was 13(0-18). Of the 3 patients with intention of erectile function preservation, the pretreatment international index of erectile function-15 (IIEF-15) score was 12, 23 and 3, respectively. All patients had histopathology-proven PCa of grade group ≤ International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) 3, pre-operative PSA level <20 ng/ml, and a clinical stage ≤T 2b. A total of 6 lesions was confirmed by biopsy, with 3 of ISUP grade group 3 and 3 of ISUP grade group 1. All 5 patients underwent MRgFUS which was guided by a real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). PSA, MRI and repeated biopsy were conducted to monitor recurrence. Questionnaires consisted of IPSS, IIEF-15, and the International Consultation on Incontinence-questionnaire-Short Form (ICI-Q-SF) were recorded before and after MRgFUS to evaluate the impact on functional preservation. Results:A total of 5 patients received MRgFUS. In total, 5 of the 6 lesions were treated. 1 lesion unvisible on MRI was not clinically significant and was left untreated. The median time in MRI scanner was 190 (140-355) min, and the median sonication time was 64 (35-148) min with the median sonications of 8 (5-13). The median catheter indwelling time was 1 (1-8) days. No other adverse effects were reported. The PSA level of all 5 patients decreased, with the nadir PSA of 1.196 ng/ml, 4.398 ng/ml, 4.135 ng/ml, 1.562ng/ml and 1.350ng/ml, respectively. 4 of the patients had a PSA decrease over 50%. No PCa lesion was seen on MRI at 3-month follow-up visit. As for functional preservation, the post-MRgFUS IPSS declined compared with the baseline score, and the IPSS of last follow-up was 5(0-14). Of the 3 patients with intention to preserve the erectile function, the erectile function score of IIEF-15 were 12, 30 and 9 three months after the treatment, respectively. No incontinence occurred postoperatively.Conclusions:MRgFUS is a feasible and safe way for the treatment of low- to intermediate-risk localized PCa, with satisfactory performance on functional preservation and low incidence of complications. The oncological outcomes still need to be establised with longer follow-up time and larger sample studies.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 691-695, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prognosis of patients with positive resection margin after radical prostatectomy, as well as the prostate-specific antigen (PSA)level and risk factors for PSA progression.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 141 patients with pathologically diagnosed prostate cancer who underwent RP from May 2012 to August 2020 in Beijing Hospital. The mean age was (67.4±6.7)years, the preoperative median PSA was 9.6 (1.4-152.8) ng/ ml and the median follow-up time was 56 months. Postoperative pathology was T 2 stage 74 (52.5%), T 3 stage 63 (44.7%), T 4 stage 4 (2.8%). Biochemical recurrence after radical resection was defined as PSA rose to more than 0.2 ng/ml and showed an upward trend after two consecutive follow-ups. In this study, serum PSA ≥ 0.1 ng/ml without biochemical recurrence after radical operation was defined as PSA progression. The PSA level, risk factors of PSA progression and prognosis of patients with positive resection margin were analyzed. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the correlation between age, preoperative PSA level, pathological stage (pT), ISUP classification, surgical approach, lymph node dissection, single/multiple positive margins and PSA progression. Results:The median follow-up of 141 patients was 52 months(1-104 months). There were 69 (48.9%) patients in the PSA progression group and 72 (51.1%) patients in the non PSA progression group. In the PSA progression group, 13 (18.8%) patients did not receive treatment and 8 (61.5%) patients had biochemical recurrence. 4 (5.8%) patients received radiotherapy alone, and 2 (50.0%) patients had biochemical recurrence. 52 (75.4%) patients received endocrine therapy or endocrine therapy combined with radiotherapy, and 5 (9.6%) patients developed castration resistance. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed preoperative PSA ( HR=1.015, 95% CI 1.005-1.025, P =0.004), ISUP grade and group ( HR=1.351, 95% CI 1.091-1.673, P =0.006), surgical method ( HR=2.233, 95% CI 1.141-4.370, P =0.019) was correlated with PSA progression. Conclusions:The incidence of surgical positive margin is high after RP. Nearly half of the patients with surgical positive margin developed a PSA progression status. Preoperative PSA, ISUP grade group, and the surgical approach are risk factors for PSA progression in patients with positive surgical margins. Patients with these risk factors should be monitored more closely and treated more aggressively.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910370

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of dendritic spine morphology and structure in dentate gyrus(DG) and CA1 areas of hippocampus of young rats, so as to provide a direct morphological basis for studying the molecular mechanism of radiation cognitive impairment.Methods:21-day-old Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were given a single dose of 10 Gy whole brain irradiation. The changes of cognitive function, dendritic spine density and morphological changes in DG and CA1 areas of hippocampus were observed 1 and 3 months after irradiation, and the expression of postsynaptic density protein (PSD95) was detected by Western blot.Results:The cognitive impairment was observed in young rats 3 months after irradiation. The density of dendritic spines in DG area of hippocampus was decreased significantly by 39.06% and 29.27% at 1 and 3 months after irradiation ( t=14.96, 12.35, P<0.05), respectively. The density of dendritic spines in the basal dendrites of hippocampal CA1 area was decreased by 33.40% ( t=10.39, P<0.05) 1 month after irradiation, but had no significant change at 3 months after irradiation. While the density of dendritic spines in the apical dendrites of CA1 region did not change significantly at 1 and 3 months after irradiation. In addition, the morphology of dendritic spines in DG and CA1 regions of hippocampus was dynamically changed after irradiation. The expression of PSD95 protein was decreased by 24.6% and 50.5% ( t=2.97, 9.27, P<0.05) at 1 and 3 months after irradiation, respectively. Conclusions:This study reported the density and morphological changes of dendritic spines in different brain regions of hippocampus of young rats after ionizing radiation, suggesting that PSD95 may participate in the occurrence of radiation-induced cognitive impairment by affecting the structure and morphology of dendritic spines and reducing synaptic plasticity.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888155

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore underlying mechanism of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos(LJF) in protecting rats against acute alcoholic liver injury(ALI) based on mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) pathway. First, the targets of LJF in preventing ALI were predicted by network pharmacology and the component-target-pathway network was constructed, so that the key targets of LJF components acting on MAPK pathway were screened. Second, male SD rats were randomized into the control(KB) group, model(MX) group, positive(YX) group, and LJF high-(GJ), medium-(ZJ), and low-(DJ) dose groups. Each administration group was given(ig) corresponding drugs for 7 days and KB group and MX group received(ig) equal volume of distilled water every day. Except for KB group, rats were given Chinese spirit(56%, 3 days) for ALI modeling. The levels of aspartate transaminase(AST), alanine transaminase(ALT), interleukin-6(IL6) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in serum and malondialdehyde(MDA), glutathione(GSH), superoxide dismutase(SOD) and glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px) in liver tissue of rats in each group were detected. Furthermore, we employed quantitative real-time PCR(qRT-PCR) to probe the effects of LJF on the key targets of MAPK pathway in ALI rats. A total of 28 active components of LJF were screened from TCMSP database, and 317 intersected with ALI-related targets. According to Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis, the 317 targets involved 226 pathways, which were mainly liver disease, inflammation, immunity, apoptosis and other related pathways. According to the MAPK pathway-target-active component network, the key active components of LJF, such as chlorogenic acid, hederagenol, and hyperoside, acted on 25 key targets of MAPK pathway. The results of in vivo experiments showed decreased levels of AST, ALT, and MDA in DJ, ZJ, and GJ groups(P<0.01 or P<0.05), reduced levels of IL6 in DJ and GJ groups(P<0.01 or P<0.05), and improved levels of SOD and GSH in ZJ and GJ groups(P<0.01 or P<0.05). The results of qRT-PCR demonstrated that the expression levels of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4(MAPK2 K4) and mitogen-activated protein kinase 3(MAPK3) were decreased in DJ, ZJ, and GJ groups(P<0.01). The network pharmacology and experimental verification showed that the active components in LJF can reduce the inflammatory factor level and enhance the activities of SOD and GSH-Px by inhibiting the expression of key targets of MAPK pathway, thus alleviating and preventing liver damage caused by alcohol.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chlorogenic Acid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Liver , Liver Diseases , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887743

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV), two of the most prevalent human herpesviruses, cause a wide spectrum of diseases and symptoms and are associated with serious health problem. In this study, we developed an internal control reference recombinase-aided amplification (ICR-RAA) assay for the rapid detection of EBV and CMV within 30 min. The assay had a sensitivity of 5 and 1 copies/test for EBV and CMV, respectively, with no cross reaction with other pathogens. In comparison with those of the commercial quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), the sensitivity of the EBV and CMV ICR-RAAs using extracted DNA was 93.33% and 84.84%, respectively; the specificity was 98.75% and 100.00%, respectively; and the Kappa values were 0.930 and 0.892 (


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/virology , DNA, Viral/analysis , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/virology , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Recombinases/genetics , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882920

ABSTRACT

Infants suffering from angiostrongylus eosinophilic meningitis (AEM) is rare, while AEM can cause severe consequences.The diagnostic value of high-throughput sequencing for AEM was studied by analyzing 2 AEM children (< 2 years old) in the Department of Neurology, Shenzhen Children′s Hospital in 2019.Case 1 mainly pre-sented intermittent fever, vomiting, mental fatigue and bregma bulge.Case 2 mainly manifested intermittent fever, cough, vomiting and convulsion.Due to hypereosinophils in patients′ peripheral blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and abundant DNA sequences from a cantonensis in CSF and positive antibody test, the patients were diagnosed with AEM.The patients were treated with albendazole to deworm, and small doses of methylprednisolone to reduce inflammation.The clinical characteristics of AEM infant are not typical, and high-throughput sequencing technology can assist the diagnosis of AEM.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882841

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is one of the major clinical features of tuberous sclerosis complex, and it is drug-resistant in the majority of cases.Surgical resection is an effective way to resolve the seizures.Precise preoperative evaluation is critical to the surgical outcome.Preoperative evaluation mainly aims to determine the range of the epileptogenic zone and the functional areas that should be preserved.Because of the complexity of the epileptogenic mechanism and brain network, there isn′t a single and specific measure that can accurately position the epileptogenic zone, so it is necessary to comprehensively evaluate and localize the epileptogenic zone by using multiple methods, including collection of a detailed medical history, symptomatic analysis during the attack of seizures, magnetic resonance imaging, positronemission tomography, electroencephalogram, neuropsychological evaluation, etc.In this paper, the rational use of above-mentioned approaches and comprehensive analysis of their results were summarized, which play an essential role in contro-lling seizures in children with tuberous sclerosis complex and refractory seizures.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825226

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the polarization of human acute monocytic leukemia THP-1 cells-derived macrophages induced by Nippostrongylus brasiliensis proteins in vitro, so as to provide insights into the elucidation of the mechanisms underlying host immune responses to hookworm infections. Methods The in-vitro culture of N. brasiliensis was established and maintained in the laboratory, and the third- (L3) and fifth-stage larvae (L5) were collected under a sterile condition for preparation of L3 and L5 proteins. The in-vitro culture of THP-1 cells was established, stimulated with 500 ng/mL PMA to yield M0 macrophages that were adherent to the plate wall. The LPS + IFN-γ group, IL-4 + IL-13 group, L3 protein group and L5 protein group were given stimulation with 500 ng/mL LPS plus 100 ng/mL IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-13 (both 100 ng/mL), L3 protein (5 mg/mL) and L5 protein (5 mg/mL), respectively, while the negative control group was given no stimulation. The cell morphology was observed using microscopy, the mRNA expression of M1/M2 macrophages-specific genes was quantified using a quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay, and the surface markers of M1/M2 macrophages were detected using flow cytometry, while the levels of cytokines secreted by M1/M2 macrophages were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) following stimulations, so as to examine the polarization of THP-1-derived macrophages induced by N. brasiliensis proteins in vitro. Results Following stimulation with PMA, THP-1 cells appeared wall-adherent M0 macrophages, and polarized to typical M1 macrophages following stimulation with LPS + IFN-γ, and typical M2 macrophages following stimulation with IL-4 + IL-13, IL-3 protein or L5 protein. There was a significant difference in the proportion of M1 macrophages among the negative control group, the LPS + IFN-γ group, the IL-4 + IL-13 group, the L3 protein group and the L5 protein group (χ2 = 3 721.00, P < 0.001), with the highest proportion detected in the LPS + IFN-γ group, and there was also a significant difference in the proportion of M2 macrophages among groups (χ2 = 105.43, P < 0.001). There were significant differences among groups in terms of the mRNA expression of CCL2 (F = 191.95, P < 0.001), TNF-α (F = 129.95, P < 0.001), IL-12b (F = 82.89, P < 0.001), PPARγ (F = 11.30, P < 0.001), IL-10 (F = 9.51, P < 0.001) and Mrc1 genes (F = 12.35, P < 0.001). In addition, there were significant differences in the proportion of positive CD86 and CD206 expression among groups (χ2 = 24 004.33 and 832.50, P < 0.001). Higher IL-1β and TNF-α levels were measured in the LPS + IFN-γ group than in the IL-4 + IL-13 group, the L3 protein group and the L5 protein group (P < 0.001), and greater TGF-β1 and IL-10 levels were seen in the IL-4 + IL-13 group, the L3 protein group and the L5 protein group than in the negative control group and the LPS + IFN-γ group (P < 0.05). Conclusions Both L3 and L5 proteins of N. brasiliensis may induce the polarization of THP-1-derived macrophages to M2 type in vitro.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825223

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a recombinase-aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay for the nucleic acid detection of Angiostrongylus cantonensis. Methods The internal transcribed spacer-1 (ITS1) gene sequence of A. cantonensis was used as the detection target sequence, and the specific primers and probes were designed and synthesized, followed by screening of the primers and probes with the highest specificity, to establish the basic and fluorescent RAA assay for nucleic acid detection of A. cantonensis. The sensitivity of the fluorescent RAA assay was evaluated by using the target gene fragment sequence-contained recombinant plasmids at various copy numbers and the genomic DNA from A. cantonensis as the template DNA samples, and the specificity of the fluorescent RAA assay was evaluated by using the genomic DNA from A. cantonensis, Schistosoma mansoni, Ascaris lumbricoides, Clonorchis sinensis, Echinococcus granulosus and Ancylostoma duodenale, as well as Pomacea canaliculata and Biomphalaria straminea snail tissues as the template DNA samples. Results A fluorescent RAA assay was successfully established for nucleic acid detection of A. cantonensis, which achieved real-time amplification of the specific DNA fragment of A. cantonensis within 20 min at 37 ℃. By using the target gene fragment sequence-contained recombinant plasmids at various copy numbers and the genomic DNA from A. cantonensis as the DNA templates, the lowest detection limits of the fluorescent RAA assay were 10 copies/μL of recombinant plasmids and 100 pg/μL of genomic DNA, respectively. The fluorescent RAA assay was negative for detection of the genomic DNA from A. cantonensis, S. mansoni, A. lumbricoides, C. sinensis, E. granulosus, A. duodenale, and P. canaliculata and B. straminea snail tissues. Conclusions A simple, rapid fluorescent RAA assay has been successfully established, which has a high sensitivity and specificity for the nucleic acid detection of A. cantonensis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825221

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a nucleic acid assay for detection of Echinococcus granulosus based on recombinase-aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay. Methods The 12S rRNA gene of E. granulosus was selected as the target gene, and the specific primers and fluorescent probes for RAA assay were designed, screened and synthesized to establish a fluorescent RAA assay for detection of E. granulosus. The sensitivity of the fluorescent RAA assay was evaluated using different copy numbers of target gene sequence-contained recombinant plasmids and various concentrations of E. granulosus genomic DNA as templates, and the specificity of the fluorescent RAA assay was evaluated using the genomic DNA from E. granulosus, E. multilocularis, Schistosoma japonicum, S. mansoni, Ancylostoma duodenale, Clonorchis sinensis, Taenia saginata, Spirometra mansoni and Taenia solium as templates. Results A fluorescent RAA assay was successfully established for detection of E. granulosus, which achieved specific amplification of E. granulosus genomic DNA within 20 min at 39 ℃. The lowest detection limit of the fluorescent RAA assay was 10 copies/μL of recombinant plasmids and 0.1 ng/μL E. granulosus genomic DNA, which exhibited a high sensitivity, and the fluorescent RAA assay was all negative for the genomic DNA from E. multilocularis, S. japonicum, S. mansoni, A. duodenale, C. sinensis, T. saginata, Spirometra mansoni and T. solium, which exhibited a high specificity. In addition, this fluorescent RAA assay successfully detected genomic DNA from E. granulosus cysts. Conclusions A rapid, sensitive and specific fluorescent RAA assay is successfully established for nucleic acid detection of E. granulosus.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1923-1931, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825148

ABSTRACT

In this study, physical fingerprint and multivariate statistical analysis was applied to characterize the quality consistency of different sources of carboxymethylcellulose sodium, and the visualization of R language was used to explore the intrinsic correlation on its performances, and we drew contour maps between independent variables and flowability of powder to find the design space. Through the physical fingerprint and multivariate statistical analysis, it was found that there were differences in the powder properties of carboxymethylcellulose sodium from different sources, and its moisture content, bulk density and tapped density have a great influence on the fluidity. The fillibility was positively correlated with flowability, both negatively correlated with compressibility by R intelligent visualization analysis, which was statistically significant (P < 0.01). When the angle of repose is 30° - 40°, the appropriate design space was found as 5.092 2% < moisture content < 7.006 7%, 0.560 2 g·cm-3 < bulk density < 0.579 9 g·cm-3, and 0.646 3 g·cm-3 < tapped density < 0.816 5 g·cm-3. The results show that it is scientific and feasible to evaluate the quality consistency of pharmaceutical excipients by using the physical fingerprint, multivariate statistical analysis and visualization methods, which provides new ideas for the production and quality evaluation of excipients and the development of generic prescriptions.

16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 377-383, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821858

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe mechanism of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury is highly associated with the inflammatory response. MiRNA-126 plays a key role in vascular inflammation. This study aims to investigate the effect of miRNA-126 on the inflammatory response in mice accompanying cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury through the NLRP3/NF-κB signal axis, and to explore the mechanisms involved.Methods A total of forty-eight male mice were randomly divided into four groups: the sham-operated group, cerebral ischemia-reperfusion model group, miRNA negative control group (miRNA-126 agomir NC group) and miRNA-126 overexpression group (miRNA-126 agomir group), and each group included twelve mice. The neurobehavioral score was recorded. The left-brain of the mice was sacrificed after anesthesia, and the water content of the brain tissue was measured. HE staining and light microscopy were used to identify the histopathological changes of the cerebral of the mice. The expression levels of inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-6 in brain tissue and serum of mice were detected by ELISA. Western Blot method was used to determine the protein expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, NF-κB p65, NF-κB P50, p-NF-κB 65 and p-NF-κB 50 in brain tissues of mice in each group. RT-PCR was used to test the expression levels of miRNA126, NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, NF-κB p65 and NF-κB P50 in brain tissue and serum of mice.ResultsIn the sham-operated group, the morphology, and structure of cerebral cortex were normal as healthy mice, being with the dense and orderly arrangement of nerve fibers, with no occurrence of impaired nerve function, and the neurobehavioral score was zero. In both of model group and the miRNA-126 agomir NC group, the ruptured cerebral cortex could be observed visually being with necrotic and disordered cells. The blurred pyknosis and interstitial edema occurred with increased water content of brain tissue. The nerve damage was observed with a significantly increased neurobehavioral score (P<0.05). Compared to the model group, the pathological morphology of the cerebral cortex in the miRNA-126 agomir group was significantly improved, and the number of necrotic cells was decreased, the arrangement of which was denser and more orderly. Reduced interstitial edema and the neurobehavioral score were identified. The significantly improved nerve injury and the decreased water content of brain tissue were observed as well (P<0.05). Compared to the sham-operated group A, the expression level of miRNA-126 mRNA in the model group and the miRNA-126 agomir NC group decreased significantly. The expression level of IL-1β and IL-6 increased, while the expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, NF-κB p65, NF-κB p50, p-NF-κB p65, p-NF-κB p50, and NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, NF-κB p65, NF-κB p50 mRNA increased generally (P<0.05). Compared to the model group and the miRNA-126 agomir NC group, the expression level of miRNA-126 mRNA in the miRNA-126 agomir group increased. However, the expression level of IL-1β and IL-6 decreased, and the expression level of NLRP3/NF-κB signal axis related gene protein and mRNA decreased (P<0.05).ConclusionOverexpression of miRNA-126 can inhibit the expression of NLRP3/NF-κB signal axis related genes and the level of inflammation in brain tissue, and improve the neurological injury of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in mice.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821651

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk of Anisakis infections among high-risk populations along the coastal areas of Jiangsu Province, so as to develop the strategy for the prevention and control of anisakiasis in the province. Methods Three counties along the coastal areas of Jiangsu Province were selected as the study sites in 2018, including Rudong County in Nantong City, Haizhou District in Lianyungang City and Dongtai City in Yancheng City. The knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of anisakiasis prevention and control, and the prevalence of serum specific IgG antibody against Anisakis were investigated among high-risk populations among these three study sites, including fishermen, fish seller and people who liked eating fresh and live marine fish. Factors affecting the prevalence of the specific IgG antibody against Anisakis were identified using a multiple logistic regression model. In addition, Anisakis larvae infections were detected in fresh and live marine fish samples collected from local markets, and the prevalence and intensity of Anisakis infections were estimated. Results A total of 625 high-risk populations were investigated, including 349 men (55.8%). Only 13.0% of the subjects heard about anisakiasis, and a low awareness rate of anisakiasis prevention and control knowledge was seen among these three types of high-risk populations. There were 21.6% of the subjects eating raw or half-cooked marine fish, 5.8% eating undercooked marine fish, 3.2% presenting vomiting, nausea and diarrhea after eating marine fish, 5.1% developing systemic allergic symptoms, and 65.6% using the same chopping board for raw and cooked food. The sero-prevalence of the anti-Anisakis IgG antibody was 7.0% among the study subjects. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified education level [OR = 0.687, 95% CI (0.478, 0.987)] and development of systemic allergic symptoms [OR = 4.641, 95% CI(1.411, 15.268)]as factors affecting the positive anti-Anisakis IgG antibody among the study subjects. Among 494 fresh and live marine fish detected, the prevalence and intensity of Anisakis larvae infection was 64.0% and 8.1 larvae per fish, with high prevalence seen in Trichiurus haumela and Pneumatophorus japonicas. Conclusions The awareness of anisakiasis prevention and control knowledge is low among the high-risk populations living along the coastal areas of Jiangsu Province, and there are high-risk behaviors, such as eating raw or half-cooked food, using the same chopping board for raw and cooked food. In addition, the prevalence of Anisakis infections is high in the marine fish in these areas. Therefore, the health education and health promotion for anisakiasis prevention and control should be intensified.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879781

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of microglial pyroptosis in hypoxic-ischemic brain damage.@*METHODS@#An oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) model of rat microglial cells were cultured in vitro. Western blot was used to measure the expression of the pyroptosis-related proteins caspase-1, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and N-terminal gasdermin D (GSDMD-N) at 0, 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 hours after OGD/R. After the microglial cells were transfected with lentivirus-mediated silenced gasdermin D (GSDMD), immunofluorescence assay and Western blot were used to measure the transfection rate of GSDMD. Microglial cell lines were divided into three groups: normal control, negative control, and LV-sh_GSDMD (lentivirus-mediated GSDMD silencing). CCK-8 assay and LDH kit were used to observe the effect of GSDMD silencing on the viability and toxicity of microglial cells at 24 hours after OGD/R. Western blot was used to observe the effect of GSDMD silencing on the levels of caspase-1, GSDMD-N, and IL-1β in the microglial cells at 24 hours after OGD/R.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of the pyroptosis-related proteins caspase-1, GSDMD-N, and IL-1β in microglial cells were upregulated since 0 hour after OGD/R and reached the peak levels at 24 hours. A microglial cell model of lentivirus-mediated GSDMD silencing was successfully constructed. At 24 hours after OGD/R, compared with the normal control group, the GSDMD silencing group had a significant increase in the cell viability and a significant reduction in the cytotoxicity (P<0.05), as well as significant reductions in the protein expression levels of caspase-1, GSDMD-N, and IL-1β in microglial cells (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lentivirus silencing of the key substrate protein for pyroptosis GSDMD can alleviate hypoxic-ischemic brain damage, suggesting that microglial pyroptosis aggravates hypoxic-ischemic brain damage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain/metabolism , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Microglia/metabolism , Pyroptosis , Rats
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802714

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of ketogenic diet (KD) and antiepileptic drugs(AEDs) in the children with drug refractory Dravet syndrome (DS).@*Methods@#Thirty-two cases of drug refractory DS were enrolled into the Department of Neurology, Shenzhen Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Shantou University Medical School from July 2016 to December 2017, and they were divided into 2 groups: KD group and AEDs group (16 cases for each group), respectively.KD was added to as an additional therapy for KD group, and oral AEDs were administered only in AEDs group.In KD group, oral AEDs were not adjusted for the first 3 months.AEDs could be adjusted within a limited range in 2 groups after 3 months.The clinical efficacy, improvement of cognitive function, retention rate and side effects were observed and compared after 3, 6, 12 months of treatment.The average monthly seizure frequency within 3 months before enrollment was recorded as the baseline.The clinical efficacy was assessed by comparing the seizure frequency of each observation period with the baseline.@*Results@#In KD group, after 3, 6, 12 months′ follow-up, KD the-rapy was maintained in 15, 14, 12 patients.The number of patients whose seizure reduction over 50% was 10, 12, 11 cases, respectively.The number of patients whose seizure reduction over 90% was 7, 9, 10 cases, respectively.The number of patients who were seizure free was 3, 6, 8 cases, respectively.In AEDs group, after 3, 6, 12 months′ therapy, the number of patients whose seizure reduction over 50% was 6, 7, 8 cases, respectively, the number of patients whose seizure reduction over 90% was 3, 3, 4 cases, respectively.The number of patients who were seizure-free was 2, 1, 2 cases, respectively.There was a significant difference in the seizure reduction between 2 groups after 6, 12 months (P<0.05). Furthermore, the incidence of status epilepticus (SE) was significantly reduced in KD group, and non-fever related status epilepticus (NFSE) was preferentially improved.There was a significant difference in the incidence of SE between before and after treatment in the KD group (P<0.05). After 12 months, there was a significant difference in the incidence of SE between 2 groups (P<0.05). After 6, 12 months of treatment, the patients in KD group had significant improvements in adaption, gross motor and language quotients by Gesell Developmental Scale compared to the AEDs group (all P<0.05). Eleven of 12 children who adhered to the therapy for 1 year in KD group had improvement of developmental quotient ≥ 1 grade, however, 7 cases of 16 children in AEDs group had this improvement.The incidence of adverse effect in the KD group and the AEDs group was 37.5%(6/16 cases) and 56.3%(9/16 cases), respectively, and the difference was not significant (P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#KD can not only reduce seizure frequency and relieve SE, but also improve the cognitive function of drug refractory DS.The adverse reaction ratio of KD does not increase significantly compared to AEDs.Therefore, KD is effective and safe therapy for children with drug-resistant DS.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752373

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of ketogenic diet (KD) and antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in the children with drug refractory Dravet syndrome (DS).Methods Thirty-two cases of drug refractory DS were enrolled into the Department of Neurology,Shenzhen Children's Hospital Affiliated to Shantou University Medical School from July 2016 to December 2017,and they were divided into 2 groups:KD group and AEDs group (16 cases for each group),respectively.KD was added to as an additional therapy for KD group,and oral AEDs were administered only in AEDs group.In KD group,oral AEDs were not adjusted for the first 3 months.AEDs could be adjusted within a limited range in 2 groups after 3 months.The clinical efficacy,improvement of cognitive function,retention rate and side effects were observed and compared after 3,6,12 months of treatment.The average monthly seizure frequency within 3 months before enrollment was recorded as the baseline.The clinical efficacy was assessed by comparing the seizure frequency of each observation period with the baseline.Results In KD group,after 3,6,12 months' follow-up,KD therapy was maintained in 15,14,12 patients.The number of patients whose seizure reduction over 50% was 10,12,11 cases,respectively.The number of patients whose seizure reduction over 90% was 7,9,10 cases,respectively.The number of patients who were seizure free was 3,6,8 cases,respectively.In AEDs group,after 3,6,12 months' therapy,the number of patients whose seizure reduction over 50% was 6,7,8 cases,respectively,the number of patients whose seizure reduction over 90% was 3,3,4 cases,respectively.The number of patients who were seizure-free was 2,1,2 cases,respectively.There was a significant difference in the seizure reduction between 2 groups after 6,12 months (P < 0.05).Furthermore,the incidence of status epilepticus (SE) was significantly reduced in KD group,and non-fever related status epilepticus (NFSE) was preferentially improved.There was a significant difference in the incidence of SE between before and after treatment in the KD group (P < 0.05).After 12 months,there was a significant difference in the incidence of SE between 2 groups (P < 0.05).After 6,12 months of treatment,the patients in KD group had significant improvements in adaption,gross motor and language quotients by Gesell Developmental Scale compared to the AEDs group (all P < 0.05).Eleven of 12 children who adhered to the therapy for 1 year in KD group had improvement of developmental quotient ≥ 1 grade,however,7 cases of 16 children in AEDs group had this improvement.The incidence of adverse effect in the KD group and the AEDs group was 37.5% (6/16 cases) and 56.3% (9/16 cases),respectively,and the difference was not significant (P > 0.05).Conclusions KD can not only reduce seizure frequency and relieve SE,but also improve the cognitive function of drug refractory DS.The adverse reaction ratio of KD does not increase significantly compared to AEDs.Therefore,KD is effective and safe therapy for children with drug-resistant DS.

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