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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912334

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognosis and clinical risk factor of thymoma patients after resection.Methods:A retrospectively analysis of 154 cases of thymoma patients underwent thymoma resection in Beijing Tongren Hospital (Myasthenia Gravis & Thymoma Diagnosis and Treatment Center, Capital Medical University) from January 2005 to December 2015, and then the progress-free survival was calculated by Kaplan- Meier method, the differences between curves were analyzed by log- rank test. There were 74 males and 80 females; the median age was 52(22-77)years. 121 cases(78.6%)complicated with myashenia gravis. Thymoma cases were classfied into 5 cases A, 35 cases AB, 27 cases B1, 56 cases B2 and 31 cases B3 respectively. There were 80, 16, 45 and 13 patients with Masaoka-Koga type Ⅰ-Ⅳ, respectively. 122 cases were treated by thoracoscopic assisted operation, 32 cases were treated by median sternum. The risk factors about group of gender, age, thymoma-associated MG (Myasthenia Gravis), completeness of resection, histologic type and Masaoka-Koga stage were calculated by Cox regression analysis. Results:The overall 1-, 5- 10-year progress-free survival rate of 154 cases were 98.7%, 88.3%, and 78.7%, respectively. The adverse prognostic factors for progress-free survival were age, completeness of resection, WHO histologic classification and Masaoka-Koga stage at univariate analysis. The age, WHO histologic classification and Masaoka-Koga stage were the independent risk factors at multivariate analysis.Conclusion:For thymoma, we suggest early discovery and early treatment. For the thymoma patients who are available for surgical treatment, all the tumor, thymus and surrounding adipose tissue should be resected. For the thymoma patients whose tumors cannot excise completely, adjuvant radiotherapy can reduce the risk for tumor recurrence after resection. For patients with thymoma after surgery, MG treatment is particularly critical for prognosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911445

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) over 75 years. A total of 82 patients with AF who underwent LAAO successfully in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from March 2014 to March 2019 were divided into two groups according to age: the elderly group (aged>75 years) and the young group (aged ≤75 years). Risk of perioperative complications and incidence of ischemic stroke and major bleeding during follow-up were retrospectively analyzed. The results showed that there were no significant differences in procedure-related ischemic stroke(0 vs.1.6%, P=0.768) and major bleeding (0 vs.1.6%, P=0.768) during perioperative period between the two groups. No complications as death or pericardial tamponade occurred in the two group. During a (25.9±15.9) months period of followed up, ischemic stroke event rate was 3.6/100 person-years in the elderly group and 4.9/100 person-years in the young group, respectively. Major bleeding event rate was 2.5/100 person-years in the elderly group and 0/100 person-years in the young group, respectively. Compared with the expected ones, the relative risk reduction (RRR) of stroke in the elderly group was more profound than that in the young group (32.0% vs. 25.0%), while the risk of major bleeding in the young group was significantly lower than that in the elderly group (RRR 100% vs. 56.9%). Therefore, LAAO might be suitable for stroke prevention in the elderly AF patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911441

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the long-term safety of digoxin in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and atrial fibrillation (AF).Methods:This was a prospective study, in which 25 512 AF patients were enrolled from China Atrial Fibrillation Registry Study. After exclusion of patients receiving ablation therapy at the enrollment, 1 810 CAD patients [age: (71.5±9.3)years] with AF were included. The subjects were grouped into the digoxin group and non-digoxin group, and were followed up for a period of 80 months. Long-term outcomes were compared between the groups and an adjusted Cox regression analysis was applied to evaluate the risk of digoxin on the long-term outcomes. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality.Results:The patients were followed up for a median period of 3.05 years. After multivariable adjustment, the Cox regression analysis showed that digoxin significantly increased the risk of all-cause mortality ( HR=1.28, 95% CI 1.01-1.61, P=0.038), cardiovascular mortality ( HR=1.48,95% CI 1.10-2.00, P=0.010), cardiovascular hospitalization ( HR=1.67,95% CI 1.35-2.07, P=0.008) and the composite endpoints ( HR=2.02,95% CI 1.71-2.38, P<0.001). In the subgroup of patients with heart failure (HF), digoxin was not associated with the risk of all-cause mortality, but was still associated with the increased risk of cardiovascular mortality ( HR=1.44,95% CI 1.05-1.98, P=0.025), cardiovascular hospitalization ( HR=1.44,95% CI 1.09-1.90, P=0.010) and the composite endpoints ( HR=1.37, 95% CI 1.01-1.70, P=0.004). However, in the subgroup of patients without HF, digoxin was only associated with all-cause mortality ( HR=2.56,95% CI 1.44-4.54, P=0.001). Conclusion:Digoxin significantly increased the risk of all-cause mortality in CAD patients with AF, especially in patients without HF.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 721-724, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy in the treatment of cystic renal masses.Methods:The 19 patients with cystic renal masses undergoing laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy from November 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 6 females. The average age was 46.2 years. The mean body mass index was (25.8±3.1) kg/m 2. The masses located in the left kidney in 7 cases and the right kidney in 12 cases. The ECOG scores were 0. The mean maximum diameter of the tumors was (2.8±1.3) cm. Five cases were diagnosed with Bosniak Ⅲ and 14 cases with Bosniak Ⅳ. According to R. E.N.A.L. scoring, 11 cases were of low difficulty (4-6 points), 7 cases of medium difficulty (7-9 points) and 1 case of high difficulty (10-12 points). The cystic renal masses were ablated by laparoscopic microwave ablation, then followed by partial nephrectomy. Postoperative complications were observed and the prognosis was assessed by CT or MRI. Results:The mean duration of operation was (84.0±20.8) min. The median intraoperative blood loss was 20 (10-50) ml. The median duration of postoperative hospitalization was 3 (2-6) d, and no complications such as bleeding, infection, gross hematuria or urine leakage were observed. According to the malignant degree of cystic renal masses, the patients were divided into low-risk group and high-risk group. The patients with benign cystic kidney tumors or with low biological malignancy were considered as the low-risk group, while the patients with high malignant pathology were considered as the high-risk group. In the low-risk group, there were 4 patients, including 1 patient with papillary adenoma, 1 patient with renal angiomyolipoma, 1 patient with low-grade malignant potential multilocular cystic renal tumor, and 1 patient with renal chromophobe carcinoma (stage T 1a). In the high-risk group, there were 15 cases, including 14 cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (AJCC pathological stage: T 1a stage 11 cases, T 1b stage 3 cases; WHO/ISUP classification: 7 cases in grade 1, 6 cases in grade 2, and 1 case in grade 3); 1 case of Type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma (stage T 1b, grade 2). The median follow-up was 20 months (12-37 months). Both groups survived, and no signs of tumor recurrence, implantation or metastasis were found in chest and abdomen imaging. Blood tests were performed regularly, and no significant abnormalities occurred. Conclusions:The safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy for the treatment of cystic renal masses is satisfactory, and postoperative pathology is clear, providing a potential option for cystic renal masses treatment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 412-419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888582

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the head and neck often develops lung metastasis. At present, there are not many research reports on ACC lung metastasis, little is known about its exact clinical features and treatment results, and there is no consensus on the best treatment strategy. This study explored the effective treatment strategies, clinical outcomes and long-term prognosis of head and neck ACC lung metastases.@*METHODS@#The clinical and follow-up data of 76 patients with head and neck ACC lung metastases were retrospectively analyzed. According to the initial treatment of patients, they are divided into 4 groups: surgery, surgery+chemotherapy or radiotherapy, chemotherapy or radiotherapy and supportive treatment. The patients were staged according to the International Registry of Lung Metastases Staging System (IRLM). Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used to compare the statistical differences of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with different treatment methods and different IRLM stages.@*RESULTS@#The OS and PFS of patients undergoing surgery are better than those of supportive therapy or radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy (OS: P<0.000,1; PFS: P<0.000,1). The OS and PFS of patients with low stage IRLM are better than those with high stage (OS: P<0.000,1; PFS: P<0.000,1). Patients with single lung metastasis and without pleural effusion have better OS and PFS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The long-term prognosis of patients with lung metastasis of head and neck ACC who undergo surgery is better than other treatments, which is related to higher OS and PFS. For patients with ACC lung metastases who are operationally eligible, the significance of complete surgical resection should be higher than other treatment options.

6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 497-502, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888578

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The previous study has indicated that the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after thoracic surgery is high. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence and risk factors of postoperative VTE in thymic malignancy patients.@*METHODS@#This was a single-center study. Patients undergoing resection for thymic malignancy between December 2017 and February 2021 in Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University were enrolled in this study. In addition to the routine examination, all patients were screened for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) by using noninvasive duplex lower extremity ultrasound before and after surgery. Patients did not receive any prophylactic anticoagulant therapy before and after surgery. All patients received modified caprini risk assessment. According to whether VTE occurred after operation, patients were divided into VTE group and control group. The clinical data of the two groups were compared. The occurrence time and possible high risk factors of VTE after operation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 169 patients with thymic malignant tumor were enrolled, including 94 males and 75 females, aging from 22 to 76 years. A total of 95 patients underwent thoracoscopic surgery and 74 patients underwent median sternotomy. The total incidence of VTE was 12.4%. The median time for diagnosis of VTE was 4 days (2 days-15 days) after operation. According to the modified caprini score, the incidence of VTE in low risk patients (Caprini score≤4 points), moderate risk patients (Caprini score 5 to 8 points) and high risk patients (Caprini score≥9 points) were 0% (0/7), 7.0% (8/115) and 27.7% (13/47), respectively (Z=1.670, P=0.008). Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences between VTE group and control group in age, operation method, operation time, indwelling central venous catheter, postoperative bed rest time more than 72 hours (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that over 60 years old, operation method and operation time were independent risk factors for VTE after resection for thymic malignancies.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Over 60 years old, operation method and operation time are independent risk factors for VTE. Modified caprini assessment can effectively screen high-risk patients.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1299-1309, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878164

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Bendamustine was approved in China on May 26th, 2019 by the National Medical Product Administration for the treatment of indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The current study was the registration trial and the first reported evaluation of the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of bendamustine in Chinese adult patients with indolent B-cell NHL following relapse after chemotherapy and rituximab treatment.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective, multicenter, open-label, single-arm, phase 3 study (NCT01596621; C18083/3076) with a 2-year follow-up period. Eligible patients received bendamustine hydrochloride 120 mg/m2 infused intravenously on days 1 and 2 of each 21-day treatment cycle for at least six planned cycles (and up to eight cycles). The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR); and secondary endpoints were duration of response (DoR), progression-free survival (PFS), safety, and pharmacokinetics. Patients were classified according to their best overall response after initiation of therapy. Proportions of patients in each response category (complete response [CR], partial response [PR], stable disease, or progressive disease) were summarized along with a two-sided binomial exact 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the ORR.@*RESULTS@#A total of 102 patients were enrolled from 20 centers between August 6th, 2012, and June 18th, 2015. At the time of the primary analysis, the ORR was 73% (95% CI: 63%-81%) per Independent Review Committee (IRC) including 19% CR and 54% PR. With the follow-up period, the median DoR was 16.2 months by IRC and 13.4 months by investigator assessment; the median PFS was 18.6 months and 15.3 months, respectively. The most common non-hematologic adverse events (AEs) were gastrointestinal toxicity, pyrexia, and rash. Grade 3/4 neutropenia was reported in 76% of patients. Serious AEs were reported in 29 patients and five patients died during the study. Pharmacokinetic analysis indicated that the characteristics of bendamustine and its metabolites M3 and M4 were generally consistent with those reported for other ethnicities.@*CONCLUSION@#Bendamustine is an active and effective therapy in Chinese patients with relapsed, indolent B-cell NHL, with a comparable risk/benefit relationship to that reported in North American patients.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, No. NCT01596621; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01596621.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bendamustine Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , China , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885824

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the non-thymoma thymic morphology in patients with Myasthenia Gravis(MG), and provide the theoretical basis for extended thymectomy.Methods:From September 2008 to March 2018, extended thymectomy had been performed for 150 patients with MG in our department. In order to achieve maximal benefit, combined thoracoscopic and mediastinoscopic approach had been adopted to completely remove both thymus and ectopic thymic tissue in the neck and the anterior mediastinum. Cervical and mediastinal tissue including fat from the thyroid isthmus to the diaphragm was swept away from above the phrenic nerve. The regions containing mediastinal fat were divided into 12 stations.Results:There was no mortality. Pathology reports revealed 126(84.0%) patients with MG had hyperplastic thymus, 17(11.3%)cases with involuted thymus and 7 (4.7%)cases with normal thymus. 98 (65.3%)cases had more than two superior horns, and 59(39.3%) patients had ectopic thymic tissue in the mediastinum and in the neck. Positive rates of ectopic thymic tissue in the 12 cervical-mediastinal fat stations were 7.8%, 10.0%, 8.8%, 3.8%, 3.0%, 2.5%, 0, 0, 0.7%, 13.3%, 12.3% and 9.1%, respectively. After a follow-up period of 2-12 years, the rate of complete stable remission was 44.7%(59/132), and the effective rate was 89.4%(118/132).Conclusion:It is very meaningful to study non-thymoma thymic morphology in patients with MG in order to guide the performance of extended thymectomy and improve its outcome. For the purpose of minimally invasion, one side of mediastinal pleural should be carefully protected.

9.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 26-30, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884133

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein and carotid intima-media thickness.Methods:A total of 5 136 health examination subjects, aged ≥40 years old, who met the inclusion criteria and had complete data, were selected as the research objects.A unified questionnaire survey, blood biochemistry and carotid artery color doppler ultrasound examination were performed.According to the diagnostic criteria of hs-CRP published by American Heart Association (AHA), the subjects were divided into three groups: 0.05 mg/L<hs-CRP<1.00 mg/L, 1.00 mg/L≤ hs-CRP<3.00 mg/L, and hs-CRP≥ 3.00-10.00 mg/L.Stepwise linear regression, χ 2 trend test and stepwise regression analysis were used to explore the correlation between hs-CRP and CIMT. Results:(1)Five thousand one hundred and thirty-six patients were enrolled, including 3 048 males and 2 088 females, aged (54.87±11.65) years.(2) Taking CIMT as the dependent variable and hs-CRP (converted by Lg)as the independent variable, the stepwise linear regression analysis using the entry method showed that there was a linear correlation between hs-CRP and CIMT, and the standard regression coefficient was 1.107( P<0.01). (3) According to this study, CIMT was divided into two groups, CIMT≤ 0.84 mm group and CIMT>0.84 mm group.The results showed that when the concentration of hs-CRP was high, CIMT increased with the increase of hs-CRP( OR(95% CI) 1.24 (1.01~1.52), P<0.05). Conclusion:There was a positive correlation between hs-CRP and CIMT.Patients with higher levels of hs-CRP are more likely to develop CIMT thickening and increase the risk of arteriosclerotic disease.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880231

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Thymomas are the most common primary malignant tumors of anterior mediastinal. However, there are no specific laboratory indicator for the diagnosis the diagnosis of thymoma. The aim of this study was to screen out a tumor marker for diagnosis of thymoma by mRNA microarray analysis and confirmed it.@*METHODS@#By mRNA microarray analysis of 31 thymomas and peritumoral thymic tissues, we found that the transcription level of neuronal pentraxin 1 (NPTX1) gene was up-regulated more than 4 times in thymomas. To further verify the above results, we detected the transcription and expression level of NPTX1 in 60 thymoma and 30 thymic cyst patients by quantitative Real-Time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), immunohistochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Furthermore, the diagnostic value of NPTX1 in thymoma by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The transcription level of NPTX1 mRNA in thymoma tissues was significantly higher than that in the thymic tissues of control group [(2.88±1.02) vs (1.35±0.47), P<0.001); The expression level of NPTX1 in thymoma tissues was significantly higher than that in the thymic tissues of control group (2 vs 1, P<0.001); The preoperative serum level of NPTX1 protein in thymoma patients were significantly higher than that in the thymic cyst patients of control group [(1,018.29±209.38) pg/mL vs (759.95±66.02) pg/mL, P<0.001]; At the threshold of 842.22 pg/mL, sensitivity and specificity of NPTX1 as a serologic marker were 85.00% and 93.33%, respectively for thymoma. ROC showed that the area the under curve (AUC) of NPTX1 was 0.902.@*CONCLUSIONS@#NPTX1 was highly expressed in thymoma patients, and had diagnostic value for thymoma.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1429-1435, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922276

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the in vivo traceable acute myeloid leukemia mice model with Luciferase-Expressing KG1a Cells.@*METHODS@#KG1a cells with stable luciferase gene expression (called as KG1a-Luc cells) were constructed by lentivirus transfection, then sifted out by puromycin. Eighteen male NOD-SCID-IL2rg@*RESULTS@#KG1a cells expressing luciferase stably were successfully obtained. The tumor luminescence wildly spread at day 17 captured by in vivo imaging. The KG1a-Luc tumor cells could be detected in the peripheral blood of the mice, with the average percentage of (16.27±6.66)%. The morphology and pathology result showed that KG1a-Luc cells infiltrate was detected in bone marrow, spleens and livers. The survival time of the KG1a-Luc mice was notably shorter as compared with those in the control group, the median survival time was 30.5 days (95%CI: 0.008-0.260).@*CONCLUSION@#The acute myeloid leukemia NOD-SCID-IL2rg


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin Receptor Common gamma Subunit , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Luciferases/genetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781488

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and significance of B and T lymphocyte weakening factor (BTLA) in patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML).@*METHODS@#Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of BTLA and its ligand HVEM mRNA in 11 patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and 11 normal donors. Flow cytometry was used to detect expression of BTLA and its HVEM on the cell surface of peripheral blood T lymphocytes and γδ T cells.@*RESULTS@#The median values of BTLA and its ligand HVEM mRNA expression in peripheral blood of patients with CMML were 0.009% and 559.4%, respectively, which were significantly lower than those of normal controls (0.053% and 1031%)(P<0.001). The expression level of BTLA and HVEM on cell surface of peripheral lymphocytes was not significantly different from that in normal controls (P=0.3031 and 0.2576), however, the proportion of peripheral blood T lymphocytes in patients with CMML (median: 37.73%) was significantly lower than that in controls (median 69.23%)(P=0.0005). The expression of BTLA on the surface of γδ T cells in peripheral blood of patients with CMML (median: 23.26%) was significantly lower than that of the controls (median: 52.64%) (P<0.05), and there was no significant abnormality in HVEM expression (P=0.2791).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of BTLA and its ligand HVEM, the proportion of T lymphocytes and the expression of BTLA on the surface of γδ T cells in patients with CMML are reduced. The effects of these abnormalities on T cell function and prognosis and efficacy of patients need to be further observed.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793039

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify the clinical effect of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) treated with acupuncture at the acupoints composed on the base of theory of the ascending and the descending of .@*METHODS@#A total of 84 patients of LPR were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 42 cases in each one. The conventional treatment was provided in the two groups. Additionally, in the control group, the medication was administered, i.e. esomeprazole tablets (20 mg, twice a day) and mosapride tablets (5 mg, three times a day), consecutively for 14 days. In the observation group, the oral medication was the same as the control group. Besides, acupuncture at the acupoints composed on the base of theory of the ascending and the descending of was supplemented. The acupoints were Tiantu (CV 22), Danzhong (CV 17), Zhongwan (CV 12), Zusanli (ST 36), Taichong (LR 3) and Neiguan (PC 6). The acupuncture treatment was given once a day, 5 times a week, consecutively for 10 times in 2 weeks (14 days in total). Before and after treatment, the reflux symptom index (RSI) score, the reflux finding score (RFS) and the time proportion of esophageal pH < 4 in 24 h were compared, and the therapeutic effect was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, RSI score, RFS, 24 h esophageal pH<4 time proportion were all reduced as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (<0.05). After treatment, RSI score, RFS, 24 h esophageal pH<4 time proportion in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<0.05). The total effective rate was 92.9% (39/42) in the observation group, better than 71.4% (30/42) in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the base of the conventional treatment, acupuncture at the acupoints composed in compliance with the theory of the ascending and the descending of combined with western medication contribute to the recovery of gastrointestinal function, effectively control the laryngopharyngeal symptoms and physical signs. The therapeutic effect of this comprehensive therapy is better than the simple treatment with western medication.

14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 66-71, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798770

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of change of ideal cardiovascular behavior and related factors on healthy vascular aging(HVA).@*Methods@#This study was a multi-center cross-sectional survey. Six thousand three hundred and sixteen participants who underwent at least 2 healthy examinations from 2006 to 2015 at 11 hospitals, including Kailuan Hospital and so on, and examined brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) during 2010 and 2016, with available information about cardiovascular behavior and factors were included. The cardiovascular health score (CHS) was calculated. Basic CHS was collected from the first examination. The second CHS derived from the healthy examination in the same year of baPWV examination. Change of cardiovascular health score (ΔCHS) was calculated. Participants were defined into 5 groups according to ΔCHS, namely ΔCHS≤-2 (n=2 166), ΔCHS=-1 (n=1 284), ΔCHS=0 (n=1 187), ΔCHS=1 (n=860), and ΔCHS≥2 (n=819). Participants′ characteristics, value of baPWV and proportion of HVA were compared among different groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association between ΔCHS and HVA. The ΔCHS was recalculated and included in multiple logistic regression analysis model again after each component of the cardiovascular health metrics was removed separately in order to investigate effects of removal factors on HVA by observing changes in effect values.@*Results@#The percentage of the participants with HVA in the group of ΔCHS≤-2, ΔCHS=-1, ΔCHS=0, ΔCHS=1 and ΔCHS≥2 were 23.3%(505/2 166), 27.8%(357/1 284), 28.7%(341/1 187),31.9%(274/860) and 33.9%(278/819), respectively. After adjustment for age, sex, income, education, alcohol consumption and the basic CHS, a significant positive association between ΔCHS and proportion of participants with HVA was observed (OR=1.50, 95%CI 1.44-1.56). Multiple regression analysis after removing each single cardiovascular behavior or factor showed that the OR value decreased as follow systolic blood pressure (OR=1.04, 95%CI 1.00-1.09), fasting blood glucose (OR=1.14, 95%CI 1.09-1.18), physical exercise (OR=1.16, 95%CI 1.11-1.21), salt intake (OR=1.17, 95%CI 1.12-1.22), body mass index (OR=1.18, 95%CI 1.13-1.23), smoking(OR=1.18, 95%CI 1.13-1.23) and total cholesterol (OR=1.20, 95%CI 1.16-1.24).@*Conclusion@#The improvement of every ideal cardiovascular behavior and factor is associated with the increase of the proportion of HVA population.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 309-317, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877957

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Post hoc analysis of the landmark atrial fibrillation follow-up investigation of rhythm management trial revealed that amiodarone was associated with higher risks of mortality, intensive care unit admission, and non-cardiovascular death. We aim to evaluate the association between amiodarone use and patient survival under updated medical mode and level using data from the China Atrial Fibrillation (China-AF) Registry study.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 8161 non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients who were antiarrhythmic drug (AAD)-naive before enrollment into the China-AF Registry, recruited between August 2011 and February 2017, were collected. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. A Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to evaluate the association between amiodarone use and the outcome. We also calculated the rate of sinus rhythm maintenance at the penultimate follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Compared with 6167 patients of non-AAD group, 689 patients of the amiodarone group were younger (mean age 65.6 vs. 68.6 years), more frequently completed high school education, had fewer comorbidities such as chronic heart failure, prior bleeding, and stroke, and were more likely to be treated in tertiary hospitals while less hospitalization. The proportion of persistent AF was much lower among users of amiodarone, who were also less likely to be taking oral anticoagulants. The patients in the amiodarone group had a statistically insignificant lower incidence of all-cause mortality (2.44 vs. 3.91 per 100 person-years) over a mean follow-up duration of 300.6 ± 77.5 days. After adjusting for potential confounders, amiodarone use was not significantly associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.79; 95% confidence interval, 0.42-1.49). Sub-group analysis revealed the consistent results. The rate of sinus rhythm maintenance at the penultimate follow-up in the amiodarone group was significantly higher than in the non-AAD group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study indicated that amiodarone use was not significantly associated with a lower risk of 1-year all-cause mortality compared with a non-AAD strategy in "real-world" patients with NVAF.


Subject(s)
Aged , Amiodarone/therapeutic use , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , China , Humans , Prospective Studies , Registries
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873016

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of ginkgolide B (GB) on the activation of c-Jun aminoterminal kinase(JNK) signaling pathway and apoptosis in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cell model. Method:NSC34 cells were infected by slow virus containing expression superoxide dismutase1(SOD1)WT and hSOD1G93A and empty plasmid, and screened with a certain concentration of puromycin, so as to observe the transfection efficiency of slow virus and cell morphology under inverted fluorescence microscope. Western blot method was used to verify whether infected cells were over-expressing SOD1 target proteins. The hSOD1G93A-NSC34 cell lines were established and given GB. Cell cultures were divided into normal group, model group and different concentrations of ginkgolide B groups (25, 50, 75, 100 mg∙L-1). After 48 h, methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) was used to detect cell survival rates, and select the best drug concentration. Subsequent experimental groups were divided into normal group, model group, 75 mg∙L-1 GB group, SP600125 group, and 75 mg∙L-1 GB + SP600125 group. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis of each group of cells. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of phosphorylation(p)-JNK, c-Jun, p-c-Jun, and cysteine aspartic acid protease -3(Caspase-3) proteins. Result:Compared with normal NSC34 cells, hSOD1G93A-NSC34 cell body became round, the synapses decreased and shortened, but the cell morphology of hSODWT-NSC34 cell and empty plasmid group did not change significantly. Western blot showed that hSOD1G93A-NSC34, hSOD1WT-NSC3 intracellular SOD1 protein levels increased significantly (P<0.01), and the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cell model was established. Compared with the normal group, the cell activity in the model group was significantly reduced (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the cell activity increased at different concentrations of GB, especially when the drug concentration was 75 mg∙L-1 (P<0.01). In subsequent experiments, compared with the normal group, the apoptosis, and expressions of p-JNK, p-c-Jun, and cleaved Caspase-3 proteins in the model group increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the apoptosis and p-JNK, p-c-Jun, released Caspase-3 protein expressions of 75 mg∙L-1 GB group, SP600125 group, 75 mg∙L-1 GB + SP600125 group decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion:GB has a protective effect on the cell model of atrophy lateral sclerosis, which may be realized by JNK signal pathway.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872126

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and effectiveness of dot matrix laser combined with transdermal administration in the treatment of hypertrophic scars.Methods:From January 2014 to December 2019, 123 patients with hypertrophic scars in the Dermatology Clinic, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University. Observation group included 63 cases, 30 males and 33 females, aged 7 to 69 (31.7±14.6) years; given lomatasone cream for topical application, once in the morning and evening, combined with lattice laser transdermal administration, once a week for 3 months. There were 60 patients in the control group, 28 males and 32 females, aged 10-71 (32.8±15.1) years; topical lomidasone cream was given, one morning and one evening, with a course of 3 months.Results:Clinical trials were completed in 123 patients. The total effective rate in the observation group was 66.7% (42/63), of which 18 cases were cured, and 18 cases were markedly effective; 6 cases were effective, 21 cases were ineffective; the total effective rate in the control group was 20.0% (12/60), of which 0 cases were cured, and the effect was 7 Cases, and 5 cases were effective, 48 cases were ineffective. The effective rate of the observation group was significantly better than that of the control group ( P<0.05), and there were no adverse reactions in the observation group. Conclusions:Lattice laser transdermal administration combined with halomethasone cream for topical treatment of hypertrophic scars is effective, safe, and worthy of clinical application.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871609

ABSTRACT

As a thymoid-related autoimmune disease, thymectomy has become one of the effective treatments for MG. We review the surgical indications of MG in this artical.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 153-156, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869616

ABSTRACT

Renal cell carcinoma is one of the common malignant tumors in genitourinary cancer.20%-30% of patients have distant metastases.However,current biomarkers used for diagnosis,recurrence monitoring,and prognosis assessment are still uncertain.Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are tumor cells that are detached from the primary tumor or metastases,and invade and presenting in peripheral blood vessels.Therefore,CTCs is regarded as a key step in the process of tumor metastasis.However,current studies on CTCs of renal cell carcinoma are facing with problems such as inconsistent detection methods and limited clinical applications.This article reviews the progress in the detection and clinical application of CTCs of renal cell carcinoma.

20.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 1073-1079, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880225

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Thymoma is the most common malignant tumor in anterior mediastinum, and its specific pathogenesis is still unclear. This limits the study of targeted drugs for thymoma. The aim of the study is to investigate the genes and signal pathways of thymoma, and provide help for the research of thymic tumor pathogenesis using the technology of second-generation genechip to analyze thymoma.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2017, we analyzed 31 cases of thymoma by CapitaBio mRNA expression profile genechip technology, and then confirmed the genes by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#We found some genes with different expression levels between thymoma and surrounding thymus tissue. Among them, six driving genes (FANCI, CAPD3, NCAPG, OXCT1, EPHA1 and MCM2) were significantly abnormal in thymoma. Some specific genes affected by copy-number variation were detected: E2F2, EphA1, CCL25 and MCM2 were significantly up-regulated, while IL-6, CD36, FABP4, SH2D1A and MYOC genes were significantly down-regulated. KEGG database analysis showed that the expression of 10 signaling pathway genes was generally up-regulated or down-regulated, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, viral oncogenes, primary immunodeficiency, cell cycle genes and p53 signaling pathway, which may be related to occurrence of thymoma.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We found a variety of genes abnormally expressed in thymoma, which will provide reference for the study of pathogenesis and biomarkers of thymoma in the future.

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