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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on anxiety and depression in patients with insomnia, and to explore the mechanism of its compatibility effect.@*METHODS@#Ninety patients of insomnia were randomly divided into a combination group, a Shenmen group and a Sanyinjiao group, 30 cases in each group. In addition, 37 cases with anxiety (12 cases in the combination group, 13 cases in the Shenmen group and 12 cases in the Sanyinjiao group) and 42 cases with depression (14 cases in the combination group, 14 cases in the Shenmen group and 14 cases in the Sanyinjiao group) were identified. The patients in the combination group, Shenmen group and Sanyinjiao group were treated with EA (dilatational wave, frequency of 5 Hz/25 Hz) at Shenmen (HT 7)-Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), respectively, 30 min each treatment, once a day. The consecutive 5 days of treatments were taken as a course of treatment, and 2 courses of treatment were given. The insomnia severity index (ISI), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) scores were evaluated before and after treatment, and the serum contents of dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE) were measured.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the ISI, SAS and SDS scores in the three groups were all decreased after treatment (P<0.05), and the ISI score in the combination group was lower than that in the Shenmen group (P<0.05). Among the patients with anxiety, compared before treatment, the ISI, SAS scores and serum contents of DA were all decreased after treatment in the three groups (P<0.05), and the serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group were decreased after treatment (P<0.05); the SAS score and serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group as well as the ISI score in the combination group were lower than those in the Sanyinjiao group (P<0.05). Among the patients with depression, compared before treatment, the ISI, SDS scores and serum contents of DA were all decreased after treatment in the three groups (P<0.05), and the serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group were decreased after treatment (P<0.05); the ISI, SDS scores and serum contents of NE in the combination group as well as SDS score in the Shenmen group were lower than those in the Sanyinjiao group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA at Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) has advantages over EA at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on improving insomnia, anxiety and depression. Shenmen (HT 7) plays a major role in improving anxiety and depression. Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) may play a compatibility effect of regulating consciousness and sleeping by reducing the level of serum NE.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Anxiety/therapy , Depression/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1101-1108, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888524

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen the core genes of Philadelphia chromosome positive/Ph like T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph@*METHODS@#The WES/RNA-seq examination results of Ph@*RESULTS@#For Ph@*CONCLUSION@#There are obviously abnormal DNA damage repair pathways in children with Ph


Subject(s)
Child , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Signal Transduction , Software
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880632

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic modified Parks operation on the patients with ultra-low rectal cancer.@*METHODS@#According to the preoperative stage and intraoperative anastomotic position, 98 patients with ultra-low rectal cancer above T2 stage underwent laparoscopic Dixon operation, modified Parks operation and Miles operation, respectively. All patients were divided into 3 groups: a Dixon operation group (@*RESULTS@#The patients were more obese, the distance between tumor and anal margin was closer, and the operation time was longer in the modified Parks operation group than those in the Dixon operation group (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Laparoscopic modified Parks operation is a safe, economical and effective anus preservation operation, which can not only save the anus for some patients who had to perform Miles operation, but also recover better and faster after operation. Although the early anal function of patients performed with the modified operation is poor, it can gradually recover to the same level as the patients performed with the Dixon operation.


Subject(s)
Anal Canal/surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 890-894, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910936

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the composition and functional characteristics of the intestinal microflora in novel coronavirus pneumonia patients with arterial stiffness, in order to provide empirical evidence for rational use of intestinal microecological modulators.Methods:Patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia admitted to our hospital between April 5 and April 19, 2020 were enrolled as research subjects.They were divided into the stiffness group and the control group according to the results of arterial stiffness.Stool samples were collected within 7 days of admission.Intestinal flora DNA was analyzed and entered into a database, shotgun metagenomic sequencing was performed, and bioinformatics analysis was conducted based on sequencing results.Results:A total of 16 patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia were included in this study, including 7 in the stiffness group and 9 in the control group.Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and blood pressure were higher in the stiffness group than in the control group( P<0.05). Beta diversity analysis at the phylum level showed that there were significant differences in the composition of the intestinal flora between the two groups( P<0.05). Patients with arterial stiffness had a lower relative abundance than the controls in fecal Holdemanella, Mitsuokella, Deinococcus, Lachnospira, Turicibacter, Butyrivibrio, Sporomusa, and Halanaerobium, species associated with the production of short-chain fatty acids(SCFAs), regulation of energy metabolism, anti-radiation, anti-oxidative stress and anti-inflammatory effects.The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)pathway enrichment analysis showed that the intestinal flora in the control group was mainly involved in the pathways of lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis, metabolism of SCFA and other amino acids, and membrane transport, while the intestinal flora in the stiffness group was mostly concerned with the pathways of amino acid metabolism and DNA damage repair. Conclusions:The use of microbial agents capable of increasing short-chain fatty acids in patients with novel caronavirus infection may contribute to the restoration of intestinal flora homeostasis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870019

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the insulin resistance of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) by hyperinsulin-euglycemic clamp test, and to explore the characteristics of glycolipid metabolism and sex hormone levels in PCOS patients with insulin resistance.Methods:Seventy-three patients with PCOS and 27 healthy women with body mass index and age matched with PCOS patients who were admitted to the Department of Endocrinology of Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from July 2017 to February 2019 were underwent hyperinsulin-euglycemic clamp test. All subjects were grouped according to glucose metabolic rate, body mass index, and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), the changes and differences of glucose and lipid metabolism and sex hormone indexes in PCOS patients were analyzed.Results:In the PCOS group, impaired glucose regulation accounted for 3.23% (1/31), and abnormal lipid metabolism for 9.68% (3/31). In the PCOS with insulin resistance group, impaired glucose regulation accounted for 7.14% (3/42). Abnormal blood lipid metabolism reached 47.62% (20/42), and 5 patients were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome, accounting for 11.90%. Correlation analysis showed glucose metabolic rate and body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, cortisol, triglyceride, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), free androgen index (FAI), and glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) were negatively correlated(all P<0.05), while positively correlated with high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C; P=0.028). HOMA-IR was positively correlated with body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, HbA 1C, LDL-C ( P<0.05), and negatively correlated with glucose metabolic rate and HDL-C ( P<0.05). Body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, triglyceride, and LDL-C ( P<0.05) were positively correlated, and negatively correlated with glucose metabolic rate, HDL-C, and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG; P<0.01). Multivariate linear stepwise regression analysis showed that body mass index, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and cortisol were principal factors affecting glucose metabolic rate. Fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, and systolic blood pressure were important factors influencing HOMA-IR. Glucose metabolic rate, HOMA-IR, HDL-C, while SHBG were still vital to body mass index. Conclusion:FAI, SHBG, and cortisol may be involved in the insulin resistance development of PCOS patients, and PCOS patients with insulin resistance were more susceptible to metabolic disorders.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867836

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of anterior minimally invasive osteosynthesis using a locking compression plate for spiral fractures of the mid-distal humeral shaft.Methods:A retrospective analysis was made of the clinical data of 12 patients who had undergone anterior minimally invasive osteosynthesis using a locking compression plate for spiral fractures of the mid-distal humeral shaft between December 2016 and January 2018. They were 8 males and 4 females, aged from 18 to 38 years (mean, 21.8 years). According to the AO/OTA classification, 5 cases were defined as type 12-A1.2, 2 as type 12-A1.3, 2 as type 12-B1.2, 2 as type 12-B1.3 and one as type 12-C1.1. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, early postoperative complications and union time were recorded; the functional recovery of the elbow joint was evaluated by the Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) and that of the shoulder by the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder rating scale at the final follow-up.Results:The mean operation time was 63 minutes (range, from 43 to 130 minutes), and the mean intraoperative blood loss 139 mL (range, from 60 to 280 mL). All incisions healed by the first intention without any neurologic complications or wound infection. All the 12 patients were followed up for 10 to 21 months (mean, 13.7 months). Bony union was obtained in all cases after 11 to 20 weeks (mean, 15.8 weeks). No loosening or breakage of internal fixation occurred. At the final follow-up, the MEPS ranged from 90 to 100 (mean, 99) and the UCLA shoulder scores from 31 to 35 (mean, 34.5).Conclusion:Anterior minimally invasive osteosynthesis using a locking compression plate is safe and feasible for spiral fractures of the mid-distal humeral shaft, leading to minimal invasion, a low risk for iatrogenic nerve injury and satisfactory effectiveness.

7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 391-399, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833373

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Inflammatory cytokines are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysm (IA), although resultsamong studies in the literature are inconsistent. This article sought to review studies on the associations among polymorphismsin inflammatory cytokine genes and IA risk and to provide recommendations for future research. @*Materials and Methods@#A systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science was conducted up to August 4, 2019. Theassociations between polymorphisms of inflammatory cytokine genes and IA risk were estimated by pooled odds ratios (ORs) and95% confidence intervals (CIs). Subgroup analyses were performed according to race. Qualitative systematic review was conductedfor variants that were studied in only one study. All analyses were performed using STATA 12.0. @*Results@#13 studies investigating the associations between polymorphisms in five inflammatory cytokine genes (TNF-α, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL6, and IL-12B) and IA were reviewed. Combined results showed that the A allele of TNF-α rs1800629 polymorphism has aprotective effect against IA (dominant model: OR=0.65, 95% CI=0.47–0.89, p=0.007). No associations were identified between polymorphismsin IL-1α rs1800587, IL-1β rs16944, IL6 rs1800795 and rs1800796, or IL-12B rs3212227 and IA risk. @*Conclusion@#This review demonstrated an association between TNF-α rs1800629 polymorphism and IA in Caucasians, illustratingthe potentially important role of genes involved in inflammation in IA.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828671

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of catch-up growth of body height after kidney transplantation in children and related influencing factors.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed from the chart review data of 15 children who underwent kidney transplantation in Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from July 2017 to November 2019. According to whether the increase in height standard deviation score (ΔHtSDS) in the first year after kidney transplantation reached ≥0.5, the children were divided into a catch-up group with 8 children and a non-catch-up group with 7 children. According to whether final HtSDS was ≥-2, the children were divided into a standard group with 6 children and a non-standard group with 9 children. The features of catch-up growth of body height and related influencing factors were compared between groups.@*RESULTS@#The data showed that median ΔHtSDS was 0.8 in the first year after transplantation, which suggested catch-up growth of body height. There was a significant difference in HtSDS between the non-catch-up and catch-up groups (P<0.05). Baseline HtSDS before transplantation was positively correlated with HtSDS at the end of follow-up (r=0.622, P<0.05) and was negatively correlated with ∆HtSDS in the first year after transplantation (r=-0.705, P<0.05). Age of transplantation and mean dose of glucocorticoid (GC) per kg body weight were risk factors for catch-up growth after kidney transplantation (OR=1.23 and 1.74 respectively; P<0.05), while baseline HtSDS and use of antihypertensive drugs were independent protective factors for catch-up growth (OR=0.08 and 0.18 respectively; P<0.05); baseline HtSDS and ΔHtSDS in the first year after kidney transplantation were influencing factors for final HtSDS (β=0.984 and 1.271 respectively; P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Kidney transplantation should be performed for children as early as possible, growth retardation before transplantation should be improved as far as possible, and multiple treatment methods (including the use of GC and antihypertensive drugs) should be optimized after surgery, in order to help these children achieve an ideal body height.


Subject(s)
Body Height , Body Weight , Child , Glucocorticoids , Growth Disorders , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 129-134, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799313

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical, imaging and molecular characteristics of primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) in children and to sum up existing evidence for further understanding the phenotype-genotype correlation of infantile PH1.@*Methods@#This retrospective analysis was based on the medical records of children with PH1 diagnosed by gene test in the Department of Nephrology, Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center from June 2016 to May 2019. Targeted exome sequencing was performed on tubular disease-related genes of the probands and Sanger sequencing was conducted to validate suspected pathogenic variants of family members. Logistic regression analysis of NC and CCr was adopted to show the relation between NC and renal function. The literature review was conducted, and the clinical, imaging and molecular biogenetic characteristics of the disease were analyzed and summarized.@*Results@#A total of 7 children from 6 families were enrolled. The median age of onset was 5 months. The median age of diagnosis was 8 months. Five cases had progressed to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), one case had chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 1, and the other one had CKD stage 2. Four cases died, one case maintained on hemodialysis, and the other two non-dialysis cases were followed up. Among the 7 cases, 4 patients had infantile PH1, 1 patient had child and adolescent type, 1 patient had family type and the other one had unknown classification. There were two siblings (the younger brother had uremia and the sister had normal renal function) who had the delayed diagnosis for 5 and 3 years respectively. All patients in this cohort had proteinuria and microscopic hematuria, but no patients had gross hematuria. Three cases had hypercalciuria. Comprehensive diagnostic imaging evaluation include CT scan, MR scan, radiography and ultrasound led to the diagnosis of nephrocalcinosis (NC) in 5 cases, including 4 cases of simple NL and 1 case of NC with nephrolithiasis (NL), 1 case of multiple NL and 1 case of microcrystal deposition in renal medulla. However, only one case of NC was identified by ultrasound, the other 4 cases of NC were identified by radiograph examination. In the logistic regression analysis involving NC and creatinine clearnce rate (CCr), the results showed that NC was an independent risk factor for renal dysfunction (OR 2.5, 95%CI 0.7-1.2, P<0.05). All the 7 cases had AGXT gene variant, including homozygous variant in 4 cases and compound heterozygous variant in 3 cases. A total of 9 variant genotypes were found, and exon 6 variants were found in 4 children. Among them, there were 3 cases with c.679_680delAA. To our knowledge, both c.679_680delAA and c.190A>T in the cohort have not been reported previously.@*Conclusions@#Infantile PH1 is the most common type of PH1 in children, which progresses rapidly or even begins with renal failure, with poor prognosis. It is also highly heterogeneous in phenotype and genotype. NC is an independent risk factor leading to renal failure. Radiograph examination showed high specificity for the diagnosis of NC. At present, the misdiagnosis and delayed diagnosis of PH1 are still common in China. It is of great significance to carry out quantitative determination of uric oxalate in order to reduce the misdiagnosis rate and enhance follow-up technologies for evaluating the therapeutic effect.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-841663

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the serum levels of CTRP3 and 25(OH) D in the individuals with different glucose metablism states,and to discuss the influence factors and analyze their relationships with insulin resistance(IR).Methods:Forty-four patients newly diagnosed T2DM(T2DM group),42 patients with impaired glucose regulation(IGT group),and 54 cases of normal controls(normal control group) were selected.The serum CTRP3, FPG,HbA1c,FIns,TG,TC,HDL-C, LDL-C,FIns of the subjects in various groups were determined, respectively;the BMI,HOMA-IR,HOMA-β were calculated.Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between two factors and multivariate stepwise regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors of HOMA-IR and HOMA-β.Results:Compared with normal control group, the serum levels of HDL-C, 25(OH)D and HOMA-β of the patients in IGT group were significantly decreased (P<0.05); the levels of serum FPG, HbA1c, TG, TC, FIns and BMI, HOMA-IR of the patients in T2DM group were significantly increased (P<0.05), while the levels of serum CTRP3, HDL-C, 25(OH)D and HOMA-β were significantly decreased(P<0.05). Compared with IGT group, the levels of serum FPG, HbA1c, TG, FIns, and HOMA-IR of the patients in T2DM group were significantly increased (P<0.05), and the level of serum HDL-C and HOMA-β were significantly decreased (P<0.05).The serum CTRP3 level was negatively correlated with the levels of HbA1c, FIns and HOMA-IR (r=-0.391,P<0.05;r=-0.198,P<0.05;r=-0.481,P<0.05); the 25(OH)D level was negatively correlated with the TG, FPG levels and HOMA-IR (r=-0.209,P<0.05 r=-0.406, P<0.05;r=-0.306,P<0.05), and positively correlated with HOMA-β (r=0.329, P<0.05) in the different glucose tolerance individuals. HbA1c and CTRP3 were the independent influencing factors of HOMA-IR, and 25(OH)D, FPG and HbA1c were the independent influencing factors of HOMA-β.Conclusion:The serum CTRP3 and 25(OH)D levels are negatively correlated with IR,and they have the inhibitory effects in the occurrence and development of diabetes mellitns.

11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 651-658, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762095

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed that common variants on or near EDNRA, HDAC9, SOX17, RP1, CDKN2B-AS1, and RBBP8 genes are associated with intracranial aneurysm (IA) in European or Japanese populations. However, due to population heterogeneity, whether these loci are associated with IA pathogenesis in Chinese individuals is still unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate associations among GWAS-identified loci and risk of IA in a Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 765 individuals (including 230 IA patients and 535 controls) were involved in this study. Twelve single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of candidate loci were genotyped using the Sequenom MassARRAY platform. Associations were analyzed using univariate or multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: SNPs in CDKN2B-AS1 (especially rs10757272) showed significant associations with IA in dominant and additive models [odds ratio (OR), 2.99 and 1.43; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.44–6.24 and 1.10–1.86, respectively]. A SNP near HDAC9 (rs10230207) was associated with IA in the dominant model (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.01–1.99). One SNP near RP1 (rs1072737) showed a protective effect on IA in the dominant model (OR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.46–0.95), while another SNP in RP1 (rs9298506) showed a risk effect on IA in a recessive model (OR, 3.82; 95% CI, 1.84–7.91). No associations were observed among common variants near EDNRA, SOX17, or RBBP8 and IA. CONCLUSION: These data partially confirmed earlier results and showed that variants in CDKN2B-AS1, RP1, and HDAC9 could be genetic susceptibility factors for IA in a Chinese population.


Subject(s)
Asians , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Logistic Models , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Population Characteristics
12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 668-672, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707977

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic performance of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) breast X-ray photography image texture characteristics based deep learning classification model on differentiating malignant masses. Methods Retrospectively collected 132 cases with simplex breast lesions (89 benign lesions and 43 malignant lesions) which were confirmed by pathology and DBT during January 2016 to December 2016 in Nanfang Hospital. DBT was performed before biopsy and surgery. Image of cranio-caudal view (CC) and medio-lateral oblique (MLO) were captured. The lesion area was segmented to acquire ROI by ITK-SNAP software. Then the processed images were input into MATLAB R2015b to establish a feature model for extracting texture features. The characteristics with high correlation was analyzed from Fisher score and one sample t test. We built up support vector machine (SVM) classification model based on extracted texture and added neural network model (CNN) for deep learning classification model. We randomly assigned collected cases into training group and validation group. The diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions were served as the reference. The efficiency was evaluated by ROC classification model. Result We extracted 82 texture characteristics from 132 images of leisure (132 images of CC and 132 images of MLO) by establishing deep learning classification model of breast lesions. We randomly chose and combined characteristics from 15 texture characteristics with statistical significance, then differentiated benign and malignant by SVM classification model. After 50 iterations on each combination of characteristics, the average diagnostic efficacy was compared to obtained the one with higher efficacy. Nine of CC and 8 of MLO was selected. The result showed that the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and area under curve (AUC) of the model to differentiate simplex breast lesions for CC were 0.68, 0.77, 0.74 and 0.74, for MLO were 0.71, 0.71, 0.71 and 0.76. Conclusions MLO has better diagnostic performance for the diagnosis than CC. The deep learning classification model on breast lesions which was built upon DBT image texture characteristics on MLO could differentiate malignant masses effectively.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700748

ABSTRACT

Taking Guangdong Province Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital as an example,the paper introduces the study idea of hospital IT intelligent operation maintenance and monitoring platform,expounds on design and realization of the platform,including general technical architecture,functional architecture and core business process,summarizes related practical experiences,and points out that application of the platform is able to enhance operation maintenance level and user satisfaction significantly.

14.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 778-784, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818062

ABSTRACT

Traditionally, overweight or obesity has a protective effect on bone quality. In recent years, more and more studies have confirmed that obesity is associated with osteoporosis. Obesity can be involve in many signaling pathways such as bone marrow apoptosis, bone formation, bone differentiation, bone microcirculation, bone resorption, and so on. Obesity can change the expression of different types of factors such as bone growth factor, proinflammatory cytokine and hormone receptor, inducing the activation of various types of transcription factors that induce osteoblast differentiation, maturation and survival, and obesity also activates the signaling pathway regulating the role of osteoclasts. This article reviews the effects and molecular mechanisms of obesity on osteogenesis, osteoclast as well as the molecular mechanisms of obesity induced osteoporosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607971

ABSTRACT

Obesity is becoming a chronic epidemic worldwide. Persistent obesity, in addition to triggering changes in skeletal muscle function and structure, may also lead to the occurrence of skeletal muscle atrophy, that maybe associate with autophagy and ubiquitin protea-some, interleukin-6, leptin, adiponectin, interleukin-10, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, growth hormone, angiotensin II, glucocorticoid, ad-vanced glycation end-product and myostatin, etc.

16.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 980-983,994, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704928

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of miR-218-1-3p on the proliferation,cycle,and apoptosis of A549 cells in non-small-cell lung cancer.Methods miR-218-1-3p was transfected into non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells by LipofectamineTM 2000 Reagent,and the expression of miR-218-3p was detected by real-time PC R.Invasion and migration were assayed using the Transwell method.The effect of miR-218-1-3p on the proliferation of A549 cells was assayed by the MTS method.Changes in the cell cycle and apoptosis of A549 cells transfected with miR-218-1-3p was detected by flow cytometry.Changes in indicators related to cell proliferation,cycle,and apoptosis were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR.Results Compared to the control group,the cell proliferation of A549 cells was significantly inhibited (P < 0.05) and the proportion of cells in the S and G2-M phases was significantly decreased when miR-218-1-3p was up-regulated.In addition,compared with the control group,the early apoptotic rate was significantly increased by up-regulating miR-218-1-3p.We further detected indicators related to cell proliferation,cycle,and apoptosis and found that CYCLIN-D1 and BCL-2 were significantly downregulated.Conclusion miR-218-1-3p may inhibit proliferation,induce cell cycle arrest,and promote cell apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells by regulating CYCLIN-D 1 and BCL-2.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672979

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the peculiarity of infants steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) and to assess the efficacy,side-effect and relapse of various of Tacrolimus prescribed in infants SRNS.Methods A total of 76 case of infant SRNS from August 2012 to August 2015 in Guangzhou Weman and Children's Medical Center grouped into oral Tacrolimus (TAC group),Methyprenisolone pulse therapy (MP group) and Methyprenisolong combined Cyclophosphamide(CTX) pulse therapy(MP + CTX group),were observed for 1 year,and the urine protein excretion,renal function (CCr),blood glucose (B G),urine retinal-binding-protein (URBP),lymphocyte count etc.were recorded and the situation of infection and relapse regularly were monitored regularly.The data were retrospectively analyzed by the statistical method.Results All SRNS children underwent kidney biopsy,and 36 cases of minimal change disease,32 cases of mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis and 8 cases of focal segmental glome-rulosclerosis were contained in the patients.The pathological constituent ratios were not obviously different among these 3 groups.By 6-month follow-up,the complete remission ratio of TAC group was 63.64%,the total remission ratio was 95.45%,which were remarkably higher than those of MP group (26.09%,60.87%) and MP + CTX group (41.94%,74.19%);the urine protein excretion of TAC group [(7.8 ± 8.6) mg/(kg · d)] was distinctly lower than that of pretreatment and lower than that of MP group [(144.2 ± 118.3) mg/(kg · d)],and lower than that of MP + CTX group [(91.3 ± 87.4) mg/(kg · d)],and the difference was significant (F =22.69,P < 0.05).The remission time of TAC group was about 2 months,that of other two groups was about 3 months.By 1-year follow-up,the lymphocyte counts including total T-cell (CD3 +),the helper T-cell (CD4 +) and the inhibited T-cell (CD8 +) of TAC group decreased obviously(all P < 0.01),which were extremely lower than those of the M P group and MP + CTX group,and there were significant differences (all P < 0.05).By 1-year follow-up,the person-time of infection existed superior to the other 2 groups,TAC group was compared with MP plus group,the rank sum was 348.5 (U =-3.69,P < 0.01);compared with MP + CTX plus group,the rank sum was 369.5 (U =-4.18,P < 0.01).During the observation the URBP of TAC group was distinctly higher than that of the MP group and the MP + CTX group [(13.77 ± 19.19) mg/L vs.(2.50 ± 1.77) mg/L,(2.06 ±3.63) mg/L],and the differences were significant(t =3.16,2.99,all P <0.05);the TAC group with BG and CCr maintained stably.Conclusions Tacrolimus shows its own advantages of more reliable effect and less side-effect in the infants with SRNS over MP therapy and MP combined CTX therapy,but it could not lessen the recurrence of the disease,and its long-term prognosis is still not very clear.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 977-982, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737759

ABSTRACT

In the past decade,based on the “common disease-common variant” hypothesis,genomewide association studies (GWAS) have been extensively used to dissect the genetic components of complex diseases and quantitative traits.However,the identified disease-associated common variants by GWASs can only explain small part of the corresponding disease heritability.“Common disease-rare variant” hypothesis has been proposed to explore the missed heritability.With the development of the next generation sequencing technology,various association studies of less common variants are ongoing.This paper provides an overview of the study designs and statistical tests of these variants.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 977-982, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736291

ABSTRACT

In the past decade,based on the “common disease-common variant” hypothesis,genomewide association studies (GWAS) have been extensively used to dissect the genetic components of complex diseases and quantitative traits.However,the identified disease-associated common variants by GWASs can only explain small part of the corresponding disease heritability.“Common disease-rare variant” hypothesis has been proposed to explore the missed heritability.With the development of the next generation sequencing technology,various association studies of less common variants are ongoing.This paper provides an overview of the study designs and statistical tests of these variants.

20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 33-40, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331596

ABSTRACT

Senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) is often a concomitant result of cell senescence, embodied by the enhanced function of secretion. The SASP factors secreted by senescent cells include cytokines, proteases and chemokines, etc, which can exert great influence on local as well as systemic environment and participate in the process of cell senescence, immunoregulation, angiogenesis, cell proliferation and tumor invasion, etc. Relative to the abundance of SASP models in human cells, the in vitro SASP model derived from mouse cells is scarce at present. Therefore, the study aimed to establish a mouse SASP model to facilitate the research in the field. With this objective, we treated the INK4a-deficient mouse NIH-3T3 cells and the wildtype mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) respectively with mitomycin C (MMC), an anticarcinoma drug which could induce DNA damage. The occurring of cell senescence was evaluated by cell morphology, β-gal staining, integration ratio of EdU and Western blot. Quantitative RT-PCR and ELISA were used to detect the expression and secretion of SASP factors, respectively. The results showed that, 8 days after the treatment of NIH-3T3 cells with MMC (1 μg/mL) for 12 h or 24 h, the cells became enlarged and the ratios of β-gal-positive (blue-stained) cells significantly increased, up to 77.4% and 90.4%, respectively. Meanwhile, the expression of P21 protein increased and the integration ratios of EdU significantly decreased (P < 0.01). Quantitative RT-PCR detection showed that the mRNA levels of several SASP genes, including IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1α and IL-1β increased evidently. ELISA detection further observed an enhanced secretion of IL-6 (P < 0.01). On the contrary, although wildtype MEF could also be induced into senescence by MMC treatment for 12 h or 24 h, embodied by the enlarged cell volume, increased ratios of β-gal-positive cells (up to 71.7% and 80.2%, respectively) and enhanced expression of P21 protein, the secretion of IL-6 displayed no significant change. Our study indicated that, although MMC could induce senescence in both mouse NIH-3T3 cells and wildtype MEF, only senescent NIH-3T3 cells displayed the canonical SASP phenomena. Current study suggested that senescent NIH-3T3 cells might be an appropriate in vitro SASP model of mouse cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Cellular Senescence , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Genetics , Metabolism , Cytokines , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA Damage , Fibroblasts , Interleukin-6 , Bodily Secretions , Mice , Mitomycin , Pharmacology , NIH 3T3 Cells , Phenotype
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