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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 490-500, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The study aimed to estimate the benchmark dose (BMD) of coke oven emissions (COEs) exposure based on mitochondrial damage with the mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) as a biomarker.@*METHODS@#A total of 782 subjects were recruited, including 238 controls and 544 exposed workers. The mtDNAcn of peripheral leukocytes was detected through the real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Three BMD approaches were used to calculate the BMD of COEs exposure based on the mitochondrial damage and its 95% confidence lower limit (BMDL).@*RESULTS@#The mtDNAcn of the exposure group was lower than that of the control group (0.60 ± 0.29 vs. 1.03 ± 0.31; P < 0.001). A dose-response relationship was shown between the mtDNAcn damage and COEs. Using the Benchmark Dose Software, the occupational exposure limits (OELs) for COEs exposure in males was 0.00190 mg/m 3. The OELs for COEs exposure using the BBMD were 0.00170 mg/m 3 for the total population, 0.00158 mg/m 3 for males, and 0.00174 mg/m 3 for females. In possible risk obtained from animal studies (PROAST), the OELs of the total population, males, and females were 0.00184, 0.00178, and 0.00192 mg/m 3, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on our conservative estimate, the BMDL of mitochondrial damage caused by COEs is 0.002 mg/m 3. This value will provide a benchmark for determining possible OELs.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Animals , Coke , Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons , DNA Copy Number Variations , Benchmarking , Occupational Exposure/analysis , DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics , DNA Damage
2.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 910-914, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010148

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical significance of different plastic surgeries in the treatment of poor healing wound after posterior spinal internal fixation.@*METHODS@#In this study, 16 patients with poor incision healing after posterior spinal internal fixation were retrospectively included, and dif-ferent plastic surgery treatment plans were determined according to the wound characteristics and defect condition. The measures included debridement, vacuum sealing drainage (VSD), and different tissue flaps according to the location and extent of the defect.@*RESULTS@#A total of 16 patients meeting the criteria were included, of whom 3 were treated with debridement combined with VSD and wound suture directly, 6 were treated with debridement combined with Z-flap for wound repair, 1 was treated with bilateral sacrospinous muscle flap for dural defect repair combined with Z-flap for skin wound repair, 1 was treated with lectus dorsi flap for wound repair, 3 were treated with the fourth lumbar artery perforator flap for wound repair. The wound was repaired with local rotating flap in 1 case and gluteus maximus musculocutaneous flap in 1 case. Among the 16 patients, 7 cases were positive for wound culture, including 3 cases of Staphylococcus aureus, 1 case of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 1 case of Staphylococcus epidermidis, 1 case of Escherichia coli, 1 case of Klebsiella pneumoniae, and the other 9 cases were negative. After surgery, there were 7 patients with different degrees of poor wound healing, including 3 patients undergoing dressing change, 2 patients undergoing secondary debridement and suture, 1 patient undergoing free scalp skin graft, and 1 patient undergoing local effusion suction treatment. All the above 7 patients were discharged from hospital after improvement, and the remaining 9 patients had good first-stage wound hea-ling after surgery. None of the 16 patients underwent internal fixation.@*CONCLUSION@#Multiple factors could lead to poor wound healing after posterior spinal internal fixation. Early intervention, thorough debridement, removal of necrotic/infected tissue, and selection of suitable skin flap for effective wound fil-ling and covering were important means to ensure wound healing after spinal surgery and reduce removal of internal fixation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Wound Healing , Debridement , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Surgical Flaps/blood supply , Skin Transplantation , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1806-1810, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013682

ABSTRACT

Epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) is an abundant polyphenolie component originating from green tea extract that has exhibited versatile bioactivities in combating several diseases. During the last decade, EGCG are effective in experimental models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Several experimental studies suggest the pleiotropic neuroprotective effects, aiding to EGCG as an appealing therapeutic strategy in PD. Therefore, in this review we focus on the effects of EGCG on anti-apoptosis, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammation, modulation of dopamine production, and the aggregation of a-synuclein. We aim to compile the recent updates and cellular and molecular mechanisms of neuroprotection of EGCG in PD. This review highlights the pharmacological features of EGCG and its therapeutic implications in PD.

4.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 677-682, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940974

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of free hallux-nail flap combined with the second toe composite tissue flap in the reconstruction of damaged thumb after electrical burns. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From May 2018 to April 2021, 12 male patients with thumb destructive defects caused by electrical burns who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Zhengzhou First People's Hospital, aged 27 to 58 years, including 10 cases with degree Ⅲ thumb defect and 2 cases with degree Ⅳ thumb defect after thorough debridement. The thumb was reconstructed with free hallux-nail flap combined with composite tissue flap of the second phalangeal bone, joint, and tendon with skin island. The donor site of hallux-nail flap was covered with artificial dermis in the first stage and performed with continuous vacuum sealing drainage, and covered with medium-thickness skin graft from the groin site in the second stage. The donor site in the second toe was filled and fixed with iliac bone strips. The survival of reconstructed thumb was observed 1 week after the reconstruction surgery, the survival of skin graft in the donor site of hallux-nail flap was observed 2 weeks after skin grafting, and the callus formation of the reconstructed thumb phalanx and the second toe of the donor foot was observed by X-ray 6 weeks after the reconstruction surgery. During the follow-up, the shape of reconstructed thumb was observed and the sensory function was evaluated; the function of reconstructed thumb was evaluated with trial standard for the evaluation of the functions of the upper limbs of the Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association; whether the interphalangeal joints of the hallux and the second toe were stiff, the scar hyperplasia of the foot donor site, and whether the walking and standing functions of the donor feet were limited were observed. Results: One week after the reconstruction surgery, all the reconstructed thumbs of the patients survived. Two weeks after skin grafting, the skin grafts in the donor site of hallux-nail flap of 11 patients survived, while the skin graft in the donor site of hallux-nail flap of 1 patient was partially necrotic, which was healed completely after 10 days' dressing change. Six weeks after the reconstruction surgery, callus formation was observed in the reconstructed thumb and the second toe of the donor foot of 10 patients, the Kirschner wires were removed; while callus formation of the reconstructed thumb was poor in 2 patients, and the Kirschner wires were removed after 2 weeks of delay. During the follow-up of 6 to 24 months, the shape of reconstructed thumb was similar to that of the healthy thumb, the discrimination distance between the two points of the reconstructed thumb was 7 to 11 mm, and the functional evaluation results were excellent in 4 cases, good in 6 cases, and fair in 2 cases. The interphalangeal joints of the hallux and the second toe of the donor foot were stiff, mild scar hyperplasia was left in the donor site of foot, and the standing and walking functions of the donor foot were not significantly limited. Conclusions: The application of free hallux-nail flap combined with the second toe composite tissue flap in the reconstruction of damaged thumb after electrical burns adopts the concept of reconstruction instead of repair to close the wound. It can restore the shape and function of the damaged thumb without causing great damage to the donor foot.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Burns, Electric/surgery , Cicatrix/surgery , Free Tissue Flaps , Hallux/surgery , Hyperplasia , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Skin Transplantation/methods , Thumb/surgery , Toes/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 1084-1088, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957791

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the applicability of the Zhang′s diagnostic criteria for atopic dermatitis (AD) in adolescents and adults from southern Jiangsu.Methods:A total of 1 769 patients were collected, who were newly diagnosed with eczema or AD in departments of dermatology of 7 hospitals in southern Jiangsu from May 2019 to May 2021. A standardized survey interview was conducted with patients by dermatologists using a self-designed questionnaire, which included patient′s personal information, relevant medical history, clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, etc. Using Hanifin-Rajka criteria as the gold standard, the sensitivity and specificity of the Williams criteria, Zhang′s criteria and Japanese Dermatological Association (JDA) criteria were evaluated, separately.Results:Among the 1 769 patients, there were 759 (42.9%) males and 1 010 (57.1%) females, aged 32.2 ± 8.2 years (range, 12 - 79 years) . Pruritus was the most common clinical feature among the AD patients (883/913, 96.7%) . When using the Hanifin-Rajka criteria as the gold standard, 913 (51.6%) subjects were diagnosed with AD; the sensitivity of Zhang′s criteria reached 92.6% (845/913) , and its specificity was 73.2% (627/856) ; the sensitivity of Williams′ criteria was 87.8% (802/913) , and its specificity was 81.3% (696/856) ; the sensitivity of JDA criteria reached 96.9% (885/913) , and its specificity was 68.9% (590/856) . The consistency in the diagnosis of AD was moderate between the Zhang′s criteria and Williams criteria (Kappa = 0.61, P = 0.009) , was relatively high between the Zhang′s criteria and JDA criteria (Kappa = 0.85, P = 0.001) , and was moderate between the Williams criteria and JDA criteria (Kappa = 0.51, P = 0.013) . Conclusions:Compared with the Hanifin-Rajka criteria, the Zhang′s criteria exhibit good sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of AD among adolescents and adults in southern Jiangsu. However, pruritus remains important for the diagnosis of AD.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2447-2456, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921178

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Postoperative pneumonia (POP) is one of the most common infections following heart valve surgery (HVS) and is associated with a significant increase in morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. This study aimed to identify the major risk factors associated with the occurrence of POP following HVS and to derive and validate a clinical risk score.@*METHODS@#Adults undergoing open HVS between January 2016 and December 2019 at a single institution were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomly assigned to the derivation and validation sets at 1:1 ratio. A prediction model was developed with multivariable logistic regression analysis in the derivation set. Points were assigned to independent risk factors based on their regression coefficients.@*RESULTS@#POP occurred in 316 of the 3853 patients (8.2%). Multivariable analysis identified ten significant predictors for POP in the derivation set, including older age, smoking history, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus, renal insufficiency, poor cardiac function, heart surgery history, longer cardiopulmonary bypass, blood transfusion, and concomitant coronary and/or aortic surgery. A 22-point risk score based on the multivariable model was then generated, demonstrating good discrimination (C-statistic: 0.81), and calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow χ2 = 8.234, P = 0.312). The prediction rule also showed adequate discriminative power (C-statistic: 0.83) and calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow χ2 = 5.606, P = 0.691) in the validation set. Three risk intervals were defined as low-, medium-, and high-risk groups.@*CONCLUSION@#We derived and validated a 22-point risk score for POP following HVS, which may be useful in preventive interventions and risk management.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chictr.org, ChiCTR1900028127; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=46932.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Heart Valves , Pneumonia , Risk Factors
7.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 761-761, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909592

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) and indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) are immune checkpoints which can be induced by interferon-γ(IFN-γ) in the tumor microenvironment, leading to immune escape of tumors. Myricetin (MY) is a flavonoid distributed in many edible and medicinal plants. The aim of this study is to clarify the effect and the mechanism of MY on inhibiting IFN-γ-induced PD-L1 and IDO1 in lung cancer cells. METHODS Expressions of PD-L1 and major histocompatibility complex-I (MHC-I) were evaluated by flow cytometry and Western blotting, and the expression of IDO1 was measured by Western blotting. qRT-PCR was used to detect their mRNA levels. The function of T cells was evaluated using a co-culture system consist of lung cancer cells and the Jurkat-PD-1 T cell line that overexpressing PD-1. Molecular docking analysis, Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used for mechanism study. RESULTS MY potently inhibited IFN-γ-induced PD-L1 and IDO1 expression in human lung cancer cells, while didn't show obvious effect on the expression of MHC-I. In addition, MY restored the survival, proliferation, CD69 expression and interleukin-2 (IL-2) secretion of Jurkat-PD-1 T cells suppressed by IFN-γ-treated lung cancer cells in the co-culture system. Mechanistically, IFN-γ up-regulated PD-L1 and IDO1 at the transcriptional level through the JAK-STAT-IRF1 axis, which was targeted and inhibited by MY. CONCLUSION Our research revealed a new insight into the anti-tumor effects of MY which inhibited IFN-γ-induced PD-L1 and IDO1 expression, supporting the potential of MY in anti-tumor immunotherapy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 45-47, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879662

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#It is a challenge for the primary hospitals to manage multiple trauma patients. In this article, we explored the advantage of establishing a surgical intensive care unit (SICU) predominant by cardiothoracic surgeons in the early management of multiple trauma.@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective study and patients with multiple trauma in our hospital were collected and divided into two groups, based on time period and treat modes: group A (retrospective observation group) where patients were treated with the traditional treatment mode from January 2017 to December 2017 and group B (study group) where patients were treated in the SICU predominant by cardiothoracic surgeons from January 2018 to December 2018. Clinical data including demographics, injury severity score (ISS), causes of injury, time intervals from reception to entering SICU or operating room and mortality three days after injuries were collected. Data were analyzed by SPSS 20.0 software. Categorical variables were presented as number and/or frequency and continuous variables as mean ± SD.@*RESULTS@#Altogether 406 patients were included in this study, including 217 patients in group A and 189 patients in group B. General data between the two groups revealed no significant difference: mean age (years) (35.51 ± 12.97 vs. 33.62 ± 13.61, p = 0.631), gender distribution (mean/female, 130/87 vs. 116/73, p = 0.589) and ISS (15.92 ± 7.95 vs. 16.16 ± 6.89, p = 0.698). Fall from height were the dominant mechanism of injury, with 135 cases in group A (71.4%) and 121 cases in group B (55.8%), followed by traffic accidents. Injury mechanism showed no significant differences between two groups (p = 1.256). Introduction of the SICU significantly improved the care of trauma patients, regarding speed and mortality. Time intervals between reception and entering SICU or operating room was (108.23 ± 6.72) min and (45.67 ± 7.96) min in group A and B, respectively (p = 0.001). Mortality three days after injuries was 13.89% and 5.53% in group A and B, respectively (p = 0.005).@*CONCLUSION@#Establishing a SICU predominant by cardiothoracic surgeons can reduce the early mortality rates in multiple trauma patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 157-167, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of water extract of the<italic> Iris halophila</italic> root on lipopolysaccharide(LPS) stimulated RAW264.7 cells and analyze its chemical constituents. Method:The supernatant of YWG prepared by water extraction and alcohol precipitation was separated by AB-8 macroporous adsorption resin column chromatography to obtain ethanol eluates with different concentrations (YWG,YWG-0%,YWG-20%,YWG-40%,and YWG-60%). Cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay was used to determine the effects of YWG-0%,YWG-20%,YWG-40%,and YWG-60% on the viability of RAW264.7 cells. Griess assay was employed to detect the nitric oxide (NO) level in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. The release of tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-<italic>α</italic>,interleukin(IL)-6,IL-10,and IL-1<italic>β</italic> was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). YWG and the elution site with the most robust anti-inflammatory activity were identified and compared by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight-mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). Result:Ethanol eluates with different concentrations inhibited the release of NO,TNF-α,IL-1<italic>β</italic>, and IL-6 in the supernatant of LPS induced RAW264.7 cells (<italic>P<</italic>0.05),and promoted the release of IL-10 (<italic>P<</italic>0.05). YWG-60% displayed a highly significant effect (<italic>P</italic><0.01). A total of 127 constituents were detected from the comparison of YWG and YWG-60% by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS in the positive and negative ion modes,including 61 flavonoids. YWG-60% contained 25 flavonoids with elevated content as compared with YWG. Conclusion:YWG-60% showed potent anti-inflammatory effect,and the effective anti-inflammatory constituents were presumedly flavonoids. The findings of this study are expected to provide a scientific theoretical basis for the basic research on the medicinal effect of the water extract of YWG.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 518-522, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905470

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation for people with hearing disability (PHD). Methods:A total of 219 473 PHDs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level were sampled (2019) and analyzed the characteristics of needs and services of rehabilitation with multiple response analysis, and the related factors of needs and services with Logistic regression. Results:There were 47 657 (21.7%) PHDs reported their unmet needs of rehabilitation, from high to low were assistive devices (65.5%), medicine (22.7%), nursing care (19.1%), functional training (16.2%) and surgery (2.2%). There were 34 684 (18.8%) PHDs reported their received services, from high to low were assistive devices (59.8%), medicine (22.5%), functional training (19.7%), nursing care (19.4%) and surgery (1.8%). The logistic regression model showed that age, types of household registration and severities of disabilities related with the reported unmet needs and received services (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PHDs mainly reported unmet needs in the fields of assistive devices, medicine, and rehabilitation training. The reported unmet needs for PHDs had matched the received services structurally. It proposed to use modern science and technology to develop services delivery and to improve accessibility and quality of rehabilitation services.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 513-517, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905469

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of needs and development of rehabilitation services for people with visual disability (PVD). Methods:A total of 241 865 PVDs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level were sampled and analyzed the characteristics of needs and services of rehabilitation, and the related factors of needs and services. Results:There were 50 882 (21.0%) PVDs reported their needs of rehabilitation, from high to low were assistive devices (56.5%), medicine (29.0%), nursing care (24.6%), functional training (15.5%), and surgery (4.2%). There were 43 492 (18.0%) PVDs reported their received services of rehabilitation, from high to low were assistive devices (55.0%), medicine (21.6 %), nursing care (20.8%), functional training (20.7%) and surgery (2.3%). The logistic regression model showed that severities of disabilities related with the reported unmet needs and received services (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PVDs reported unmet needs mainly in the fields of assistive devices, medicine, and nursing care. There is match structure of unmet needs and received services. It is important to provide accessible information environment. Information and communication technology (ICT) are proposed to assistive technology services for PVDs to enhance their capacity of information acquisition and to promote their participations.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 508-512, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905468

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation for people with physical disabilities (PWPs). Methods:A total of 1 512 438 PWPs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level were sampled and analyzed the characteristics of needs and services of rehabilitation, and the related factors of needs and services. Results:The reported unmet needs of PWPs from high to low were assistive devices assistive devices (55.9%), nursing care (27.0%), medicine (26.3%), functional training (23.9%) and surgery (2.3%). Received service of rehabilitation. The services of rehabilitation for PWPs arranged as assistive devices (48.2%), nursing caring (26.4%), functional training (24.3%), medicine (19.5%) and surgery (1.4%). The logistic regression model showed that age and severity of disabilities had significant effect on the reported unmet needs of rehabilitation and received services for PWPs (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PWPs reported unmet needs mainly in the fields of assistive devices, nursing care, medicine and rehabilitation training. They received primary services included assistive devices, nursing care and rehabilitation training and therapies. The services development will emphasize the accessibility and coverage. According to ICF model, it proposed to take measures to implement individualized and precise rehabilitation services to improve the quality of services.

13.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 497-501, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the status of disability, characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation and their related factors for adults with disabilities (AWDs). Methods:A total of 2 315 498 AWDs were sampled from the provincial level administration data (2019). Multiple response analysis was used to analysis the disability status of AWDs, characteristics of unmet needs and received services of rehabilitation, and related factors were explored with Logistic regression. Results:The distribution of disabilities for AWDs from high to low were physical disabilities (62.2%), visual disabilities (9.9%), intellectual disabilities (8.4%), mental disorders (7.3%), hearing disabilities (6.9%), multiple disabilities (2.8%) and speech disabilities (2.5%). The reporting rate of unmet needs of rehabilitation for AWDs from high to low were assistive devices (49.0%), medicine (33.3%), nursing care (27.7%), functional training (20.2%) and surgery (1.9%). The reporting rate of received service for AWDs from high to low were assistive devices (44.1%), nursing care (26.6%), medicine (25.9%), functional training (22.2%) and surgery (1.3%). The logistic regression model shown that types and severities of disabilities had significant effects on unmet needs and received services of rehabilitation for AWDs (P < 0.001). Conclusion:The reporting of unmet needs for AWDs had been influenced by their functioning and disability. There were gaps between unmet needs and received services. It proposed to develop precise and individualized reporting of unmet needs and service programs for AWDs.

14.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 926-930, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865609

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effects of pelvic radiotherapy on improving the patient′s position variability by using stretching exercises before radiotherapy.Methods:The study period was from January 2017 to May 2019. The study subjects were patients with pelvic malignancies who visited Zhejiang Cancer Hospital during this period and needed radiotherapy. A total of 278 patients were divided into study group and control group according to the random number table method, with 139 cases in each group. The study group performed hip joint stretching and rotation exercises before radiotherapy, while the control group had no special intervention. By comparing the changes in the sacral slope angle (SSA) of the patients between the two groups, the position variability during radiotherapy was reflected. The effects of complications, compliance, and degree of benefit were analyzed.Results:The daily compliance of the study group was above 95%. No patients reported adverse events such as dyskinesias and related pain and falls. The SSA change in the study group patients was significantly reduced ( P<0.05). The daily SSA and baseline SCT in the study group were significantly lower ( P<0.05). The average change in the study group was (0.95 ± 0.24)°(0.52°-1.33°), while the average change in the control group was (2.31 ± 1.05)°(1.17°-5.26°),and there was significant difference ( P<0.05). The comparison of the average differences between the treatment days showed that the average change in the study group was (0.96 ± 0.64)°(0.72°-1.28°)and in the control group was (2.09 ± 1.12)°(0.94°-3.28°),and there was significant difference ( P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate its correlation to the overall change of each patient. The reliability between the two assessors showed moderately positive correlation ( r=0.52, P=0.18), and there was also a moderately positive correlation in the control group ( r=0.59, P=0.26). The patients in the study group scored (7.12 ± 0.16) scores on the degree of benefit of participating in the study group. Conclusions:The stretching exercise before radiotherapy can effectively reduce the position variability of patients with pelvic radiotherapy, which is beneficial to improve the effect of diagnosis and treatment.

15.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 591-597, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837615

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo examine the changes in the immune functions of CD8+ T cells in the spleen of mice following Echinococcus multilocularis infections at various doses and at different time points. MethodsThe E. multilocularis protoscoleces were collected, and E. multilocularis infection was modeled in mice via the hepatic portal vein at doses of 50 (low-dose), 500 (medium-dose) and 2 000 protoscoleces (high-dose), while physiological saline served as controls. Mouse spleen was isolated 2 (earlystage), 12 (middle-stage) and 24 weeks post-infection (late-stage), and spleen lymphocytes were harvested. The phenotype of memory CD8+ T cells and 2B4 expression were quantified in the mouse spleen, and the secretion of interferon (IFN)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-17A and IL-10 was measured. Results A central-memory phenotype was predominant in the CD8+ T cells in the spleen of mice at the early stage of high-dose protoscolece infections, and the proportion of central-memory CD8+ T cells was significantly greater in the high-dose group than in the control group (35.50% ± 2.00% vs. 25.90% ± 2.46%, P < 0.01), while a effector- memory phenotype was predominant in the CD8+ T cells in the spleen of mice at the late stage of medium- and high-dose protoscolece infections, and the proportions of effector-memory CD8+ T cells were significantly greater in the medium- (25.70% ± 4.12%) and high-dose group (28.40% ± 4.12%) than in the control group (10.50% ± 6.45%) (P < 0.05). The proportions of the central-memory CD8+ T cells were significantly higher in the high-dose group than at middle and late stages than at the early stage (P < 0.01), and the proportion of effector-memory CD8+ T cells was significantly greater in the high-dose group at the late stage than at early and middle stages (P < 0.05). The secretion of IFN-γ and IL-17A by spleen CD8+ T cells was elevated in the low- and medium-dose groups at the early stage of infection, and high-dose protoscolece infection promoted the secretion of IFN-γ and TNF-α by spleen CD8+ T cells; however, the levels of IFN-γ and TNF-α were significantly lower at the late stage than at the early and middle stages (P < 0.05). In addition, high 2B4 expression was detected in spleen CD8+ T cells in the middle- and high-dose groups at the late stage of infection, and the 2B4 expression was significantly higher in the medium(4.73% ± 1.56%) and high-dose groups (4.94% ± 1.90%) than in the low-dose group (2.49% ± 0.58%) and the control group (2.92% ± 0.60%) (P < 0.05). Conclusions E. multilocularis may be killed and eliminated through the host immune responses at the middle and late stages of low- and medium-dose protoscolece infections, while high-dose protoscolece infections may trigger the upregulation of 2B4 expression in mouse spleen CD8+ T cells at the late stage, which leads to immune exhaustion and the resultant chronic infections.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1719-1721, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825329

ABSTRACT

@#Long non-coding RNAs(LncRNAs)refer to RNAs that are longer than 200 nucleotides and cannot encode a protein. With the application of next-generation sequencing technology, whole-genome analysis shows that LncRNAs can regulate gene expression in immune response, epigenetic, gene transcription and post-transcriptional levels, thereby participating in the maintenance of cell proliferation and apoptosis, tissue homeostasis and other physiological processes. LncRNAs have been shown to involve in initiation and development of a variety of human diseases in recent years. This article reviews the research progress of LncRNAs in common diseases of ophthalmology, in order to early diagnosis and treatment of related ophthalmic diseases.

17.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 311-313, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821658

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the construction and operation of the schistosomiasis diagnostic network platform in Hunan Province, so as to provide insights into the improvements of the schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory system in the province. Methods According to the criteria and requirements for the construction of the county-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory in China, the establishment and operation of the laboratory were assessed using self-assessment and field review in national schistosomiasis surveillance sites of Hunan Province. Results A total of 41 county-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratories were built in national schistosomiasis surveillance sites of Hunan Province, and 36 met the requirements for the construction of the national schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory in China, which were approved for inclusion in the province-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory. During the six inter-laboratory comparisons performed by the national schistosomiasis diagnostic reference center of China, full consistency was achieved by 3 county-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratories in Hunan Province, and the coincidence rates for re-review of serological and pathogenic detection samples were 98.40% and 100%, respectively. Conclusion The county-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory system has been preliminarily built and under effective operation in Hunan Province; however, the building capability remains to be improved.

18.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 242-247, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821645

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes in the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in national surveillance sites of Hunan Province, so as to provide scientific basis for the development of the schistosomiasis elimination programme in the province. Methods According to the requirements of the National Guidelines for Schistosomiasis Surveillance in China (2014 version), a total of 41 national schistosomiasis surveillance sites were assigned in all disease-endemic counties (districts) across Hunan Province. During the period between 2015 and 2019, Schistosoma japonicum infections were monitored in local residents, mobile populations and livestock, and snail status was monitored. The morbidity due to schistosomiasis and snail status was compared between years. Results The sero-prevalence of S. japonicum infections was 2.57% and 1.56% in local residents and mobile populations in national surveillance sites of Hunan Province from 2015 to 2019, respectively, and the sero-prevalence appeared a tendency towards a decline over years. A higher sero-prevalence rate of S. japonicum infections was seen in men than in women (P < 0.01). During the 5-year study period, the sero-prevalence rate of human S. japonicum infections appeared a tendency towards a decline in the marshland, embankment, inner embankment and hilly types of endemic areas over years. There were 44 and 19 egg -positives detected in local residents and 5 and 1 egg-positives in mobile populations in 2015 and 2016 respectively. A total of 9 346 domestic animals were monitored from 2015 to 2019, and 6 egg-positives were detected in 2015 and 2016 (all were bovine). A total of 0.155 billion m2 settings were surveyed from 2015 to 2019, and the mean density of living snails appeared a tendency towards a decline over years, with a 45.79% reduction in 2019 as compared to 2015. However, no S. japonicum infections were identified in snails during the 5-year period. A total of 1 469 mixed snail samples were detected using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), and 6 positive snail samples were identified in 2015 (one sample) and 2017 (5 samples). Conclusions The overall endemic situation of schistosomiasis appears a tendency towards a decline in Hunan Province, and the prevalence of S. japonicum infections is at a low level in humans and livestock; however, there is still a risk of schistosomiasis transmission. Improvements of health education, intensification of schistosomiasis examinations in mobile populations and reinforcement of the surveillance-response system is required to consolidate the achievements of schistosomiasis control in Hunan Province.

19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 855-866, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831105

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The prognosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients with parotid lymph node (PLN) metastasis remains unclear. This study was performed to investigate the prognostic significance and optimal staging category of PLN metastasis and develop a nomogram for estimating individual risk. @*Materials and Methods@#Clinical data of 7,084 non-metastatic NPC patients were retrospectively reviewed. Overall survival (OS) was the primary endpoint. A nomogram was established based on the Cox proportional hazards regression model. The accuracy and calibration ability of this nomogram was evaluated by C-index and calibration curves with bootstrap validation.ResultTotally, 164/7,084 NPC patients (2.3%) presented with PLNs. Multivariate analyses showed that PLN metastasis was a negative prognostic factor for OS, progression-free survival (PFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and locoregional relapse-free survival (LRFS). Patients with PLN metastasis had a worse prognosis than N3 disease. Five independent prognostic factors were included in the nomogram, which showed a C-index of 0.743. The calibration curves for probability of 3- and 5-year OS indicated satisfactory agreement between nomogram-based prediction and actual observation. All results were confirmed in the validation cohort. @*Conclusion@#NPC patient with PLN metastasis had poorer survival outcome (OS, PFS, DMFS, and LRFS) than N3 disease. We developed a nomogram to provide individual prediction of OS for patients with PLN metastasis.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 655-661, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878088

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The antioxidant effects of bilirubin in Parkinson's disease (PD) have recently gained much attention from the research community. However, results from these studies have been conflicting. This meta-analysis is conducted to assess the relationship between the serum bilirubin concentration and the risk of PD.@*METHODS@#Two reviewers performed a systematic literature search across five databases (MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials). The case-control studies regarding bilirubin levels in PD patients published up to April 2020 were included. These studies were subjected to rigorous scrutiny and data extraction to determine the standard mean difference (SMD) and the 95% confidence interval (CI), which were analyzed using the Stata V.12.0 statistical software.@*RESULTS@#A total of eight studies which included 1463 PD cases and 1490 controls were incorporated into our meta-analysis. SMD analysis showed that there was a higher total bilirubin (TBIL) and direct bilirubin (DBIL) levels in PD patients compared with controls (for TBIL, SMD: 0.300, 95% CI: 0.050-0.549, P = 0.018; for DBIL, SMD: 0.395, 95% CI: 0.102-0.688, P = 0.008). However, no significant relationship was found between the serum indirect bilirubin and PD patients (SMD: -0.223, 95% CI: -0.952-0.505, P = 0.548). A subgroup analysis based on ethnicity indicated that the serum TBIL was higher in PD patients of Caucasian descent in contrast to matched healthy controls (SMD: 0.511, 95% CI: 0.324-0.698, P = 0.000, I2 = 58.0%).@*CONCLUSION@#Higher serum bilirubin levels in PD patients suggest that bilirubin might play a role in the pathogenesis of PD and have the potential to be utilized as a biochemical marker for PD diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bilirubin , Case-Control Studies , White People , Parkinson Disease
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