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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917002

ABSTRACT

Background@#Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infection is a primary cause of livestock diarrhea. Therefore, effective vaccines are needed to reduce the incidence of ETEC infection. @*Objectives@#Our study aimed to develop a multivalent ETEC vaccine targeting major virulence factors of ETEC, including enterotoxins and fimbriae. @*Methods@#SLS (STa-LTB-STb) recombinant enterotoxin and fimbriae proteins (F4, F5, F6, F18, and F41) were prepared to develop a multivalent vaccine. A total of 65 mice were immunized subcutaneously by vaccines and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). The levels of specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) and pro-inflammatory cytokines were determined at 0, 7, 14 and 21 days post-vaccination (dpv). A challenge test with a lethal dose of ETEC was performed, and the survival rate of the mice in each group was recorded. Feces and intestine washes were collected to measure the concentrations of secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA). @*Results@#Anti-SLS and anti-fimbriae-specific IgG in serums of antigen-vaccinated mice were significantly higher than those of the control group. Immunization with the SLS enterotoxin and multivalent vaccine increased interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) concentrations. Compared to diarrheal symptoms and 100% death of mice in the control group, mice inoculated with the multivalent vaccine showed an 80% survival rate without any symptom of diarrhea, while SLS and fimbriae vaccinated groups showed 60 and 70% survival rates, respectively. @*Conclusions@#Both SLS and fimbriae proteins can serve as vaccine antigens, and the combination of these two antigens can elicit stronger immune responses. The results suggest that the multivalent vaccine can be successfully used for preventing ETEC in important livestock.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 303-312, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922934

ABSTRACT

Cytochrome P450s (CYP450) is a superfamily of phase I metabolic enzymes, which participates in more than 90% of drug oxidation. The induction or inhibition of CYP450s is the main mechanism of drug-drug interaction. In recent years, in vitro metabolism studies conducted through isolated organs, cells, or enzyme systems have developed rapidly, due to their precision and simplicity. Therefore, profiles of the in vitro metabolism studies of traditional Chinese medicines can infer the possible metabolic pathways of drugs, predict the potential drug interactions, and may enhance the rational use of drugs in clinic. This article reviews the in vitro inhibitory effects of traditional Chinese medicine, ingredients, and extracts on the activities of CYP450 enzymes in the liver microsomes, which can provide a reference for further researches on the interaction between Chinese medicine and chemical medicine.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 271-276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922923

ABSTRACT

KRAS is one of the most frequently mutated human oncogenes. In spite of mounting efforts on the development of direct or indirect inhibition targeting KRAS, little has been achieved because of insurmountable difficulties, titling KRAS "undruggable". Recently, subtype-specific inhibitors have shown great hope. Some KRASG12C inhibitors have entered clinical trials, including adagrasib and sotorasib, and have shown preliminary clinical effectiveness. Experiences from the inhibitors targeting the downstream factors of RAS pathways show that the anticancer activity of these drugs will be limited due to the development of drug resistance. Preclinical studies of KRASG12C inhibitors have revealed that the application of these agents might be hampered by the drug resistance issue. The current review aims to describe the current status of KRASG12C inhibitors, and discuss the mechanisms underlying KRASG12C inhibitor resistance, so as to provide the clues for the combat of drug resistance.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920790

ABSTRACT

Objective To Investigate the cause of a food poisoning incident in a city in Dehong Prefecture, determine the scope of the incident, and to formulate effective prevention and control measures. Methods Field epidemiology and case-control study methods were used to formulate case definition; carry out case search; find suspicious food combined with clinical manifestations, dining history and other information; and collect samples from the suspicious food, cases and environment for laboratory testing. Results A total of 160 cases were found and the incidence rate was 26.02% (160/615). The main clinical manifestations were diarrhea, leukocytosis, vomiting, nausea and abdominal pain. The average incubation period was 10.89±5.09 h, with 2 h as the shortest and 28 h as the longest. The epidemiological curve suggested the point source exposure mode. The results of case-control study showed that eating roast pork with green shoots was an independent risk factor (OR=13.09, 95%CI: 3.26‒52.54).16 samples were tested by the local CDC laboratory. Proteus mirabilis was detected in two the anal swabs of two patients He and Chen. Both proteus pani and proteus mirabilis were detected in anal swab of patient Zhou and Proteus pani was detected in roast meat. There was no detection of pathogenic bacteria in other samples. Conclusion Based on the field epidemiological investigation and laboratory test results, we conclude that the food poisoning incident is caused by suspected proteus bacteria. We suggest that the market supervision department should strengthen the supervision of local food hygiene; clarify the sampling rights, responsibilities and technical procedures when medical institutions treat patients with foodborne diseases; ensure finding the causes in time; and take effective prevention and control measures to avoid similar food poisoning events.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884359

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the indications, surgical skills and clinic outcomes of abdominal minimal incision sacrocolpopexy (AMISC) for treatment of advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP).Methods:The retrospective study analyzed 30 women with advanced POP who underwent AMISC between June 2016 and October 2019, including 9 cases of recurrent prolapse and 10 cases of vault prolapse. AMISC was especially applicable to: (1) patients with several medical complications who was unable to tolerate general anesthesia or laparoscopic surgery, but able to tolerate combined spinal-epidural anesthesia and open surgery; (2) other abdominal procedures were indicated to perform with AMISC simultaneously, such as myomectomy, subtotal hysterectomy etc, the specimens were easy to get out of the abdominal cavity and morcellation was avoided; (3) surgeons preferring open surgery to laparoscopic surgery or skilled in open surgery; (4) patients with prior pelvic operations, presenting severe abdominal and pelvic adhesions. Objective outcomes were assessed by pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) system. Subjective outcome were assessed by pelvic floor distress inventory-short form 20 (PFDI-20), pelvic floor impact questionnaire-short form (PFIQ-7) and patient global impression of improvement (PGI-I).Results:All patients with 1-3 medical complications were successfully performed with AMISC without stopping procedure, enlarging the incision or changing to other procedure, the operation duration was (110±19) minutes. The mean time of follow-up was (33.5±12.4) months (range: 8-49 months). The postoperative points of Aa, Ba, C, Ap, Bp reduced significantly and point C improved from (2.33±2.50) cm to (-7.54±1.18) cm after AMISC ( P<0.01). The objective cure rates were both 100% (30/30) in apex and posterior compartment, while 97% (29/30) in anterior compartment. Postoperative scores of PFDI-20 and PFIQ-7 were all significant decreased (all P<0.01). About PGI-I, 29 patients chose “significant improvement”, subjective satisfaction was 97% (29/30). Anterior sacral plexus hemorrhage occurred in 2 cases (7%, 2/30). There was no intestinal obstruction or injury of bladder, bowel and ureter intra- and postoperation. Two cases (7%, 2/30) had mesh exposure. Conclusion:AMISC is a safety, convenient, minimal traumatic and durable procedure for apical prolapse with short learning curve in the most of cases.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of acute drug poisoning, and provide better management for poisoned patients in Emergency Department.Methods:We retrospectively enrolled 197 patients diagnosed as acute drug poisoning in Emergency Department of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019. Medical records included age, gender, baseline diseases, medication time, visit time, kinds of drugs, drug concentrations, accompanying symptom, hospitalization duration, treatment, fluid resuscitation and outcomes. The inclusion criteria were as follows: age≥ 14 years old, and met the criteria of acute poisoning. The exclusion criteria were as follows: age<14 years old; incomplete clinical data; pesticide poisoning; toxic gas poisoning; and other non-drug poisoning. All patients were divided into the survival group and death group according to their outcomes at the discharge. Clinical characteristics, laboratory parameters and treatments were compared using the Student’s t test, Mann-Whitney U test, as appropriate. Results:The mean age of all the patients was 38.9±20.4 years. The majority were young patients, accounting for 134 cases (68.0%). The accompanying symptoms included consciousness disturbance (106 cases), dizziness (56 cases), fatigue (38 cases), and nausea and/or vomiting (42 cases). The duration of medication-to-visit time was 0.5-96 h, with an average of 7.17±0.89 h. The types of drugs included 105 (53.2%) sedatives and hypnotics, 73 antipsychotics (37.1%), 17 antibiotics (8.6%), and 20 antipyretic analgesics (10.2%). The Glasgow comascale (GCS) score of patients in the survival group was higher than that of the death group (12.47±3.05 vs 7.60±4.43, P<0.01). In the death group, the alanine aminotransferase, urea nitrogen, creatinine, cardiac troponin I, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, plasma fibrinogen and D-dimer were higher than those of the survival group (all P<0.05). One hundred and eighty-seven patients were cured, while 10 patients died. One hundred and fifty-nine patients were treated with gastric lavage, and 23 patients were treated with blood purification. The concentrations of toxic drugs before and after treatment in 134 poisoned patients were compared. The concentration of drugs after treatment was significantly lower than that before treatment. Conclusions:Acute non-pesticide poisoning in Emergency Department is mainly caused by sedatives, hypnotics, antipsychotics, and antipyretics and analgesics. It is important to conduct laboratory examinations for toxic medications to provide better management for poisoned patients. It is necessary to establish a standardized monitoring system and management path for acute drug poisoning.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882413

ABSTRACT

Objective:To express and purify recombinant human collagen type Ⅲ and evaluate its properties.Methods:The recombinant genetic engineering strain pET30a(+)-1880/pACYCDuet-hy726/bL21(DE3) was constructed to stably co-express recombinant human type Ⅲ collagen (rhCol) and prolyl hydroxylase. rhCol was prepared and purified by E. coli high-density fermentation, salting out and column chromatography protein purification technology. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to determine the purity of rhCol. The N-terminal amino acid sequences of rhCol were determined by automatic protein polypeptide sequencing instrument. The hydroxyproline content of rhCol was determined by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. The cellular compatibility of rhCol was evaluated by MTT assay. Results:The final wet weight of high-density fermentation was about 200 g/L. The expression level was about 3 g/L. The purity of rhCol by affinity chromatography was over 95%. The results showed that the hydroxyproline content of rhCol was 11.44%, and the rhCol products have good water solubility and cell compatibility.Conclusions:RhCol can be widely applied to the field of skin care and biomedicine as an excellent biological material.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906002

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the functions and indications, formulation, dosage form and medication characteristics of Chinese patent medicines in the 2020 edition of<italic> Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> (part Ⅰ) for treating cough of children, and to provide ideas for the clinical rational application and provide reference for the research and development of new cough medicines for children. Method:The name, dosage form, formulation, functions and indications, usage and dosage, and other information of Chinese patent medicines for cough were collected from the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), then relevant information was input into Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine v2.0, and data analysis and mining were carried out through the analysis module of prescription medication rule, VOSviewer 1.6.14 was used to make drug clustering network view of Chinese patent medicines for the treatment of exogenous wind cold, exogenous wind heat and phlegm heat cough. Result:In the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), a total of 75 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for treating cough of children were collected, including 34 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for adults and children, 41 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for children only. There were 7 types of traditional Chinese medicine syndromes, such as wind-cold attacking the lung, wind-heat invading the lung and phlegm-heat obstructing the lung. There were 45 Chinese patent medicines for treating exogenous cough, accounting for 60%, among which 35 kinds were used for exogenous wind-heat cough and 10 kinds were used for wind-cold cough. There were 30 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for treating internal injury cough, including 19 kinds of medicines for phlegm heat obstructing the lung, 4 kinds of medicines for phlegm dampness containing the lung and phlegm food stagnation, 2 kinds of medicines for Yin-deficiency lung heat, 1 kind of medicine for the lung and spleen Qi-deficiency. The formulation analysis showed that Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Platycodonis Radix, Scutellariae Radix, Armeniacae Semen Amarum and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium appeared frequently, which were mainly cold, bitter and sweet herbs, mainly belonged to the lung and stomach meridians. According to the analysis of administration and dosage forms, 71 kinds of Chinese patent medicines were administered through gastrointestinal tract, including 20 kinds of granules, 15 kinds of oral liquids, others included syrups, pills, capsules, tablets, powers, etc. Only 2 suppositories and 2 injections were administered by nongastrointestinal tract. The usage and dosage of most Chinese patent medicines were not clear. Conclusion:In the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), the main syndromes of Chinese patent medicines for cough of children are exogenous wind-heat and phlegm-heat obstruction in the lung. Most of the Chinese medicines are cold, bitter and sweet, and their meridians are mainly lung and stomach meridians. Scutellariae Radix, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Forsythiae Fructus are the most common medicines of exogenous wind heat syndrome. Perillae Folium, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium and Ephedrae Herba are the most common medicines of exogenous wind cold syndrome. Meanwhile, Scutellariae Radix, Platycodonis Radix and Armeniacae Semen Amarum are the most common medicines of phlegm heat obstructing the lung syndrome. At present, the dosage forms of Chinese patent medicines used for treating cough of children are too few and the dosage labeling is not comprehensive, so it is necessary to further strengthen the research and development of new Chinese medicines suitable for characteristics of children.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905233

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the prevalence and related factors of apathy in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods:From November, 2017 to December, 2019, 254 PD patients in our hospital were included. According to Starkstein Apathy Scale (SAS), they were divided into apathy group and non-apathy group. Clinical data such as demographic data, motor symptoms, non-motor symptoms and motor complications were collected for comparison between two groups. Logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the risk factors of apathy in PD. Results:Among 254 PD patients, 124 (48.8%) cases were in apathy. Compared with non-apathy group, apathy group was older in age and age of onset, higher in the scores of Movement Disorder Society United Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part III (MDS-UPDRS Ⅲ), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) (t > 2.291, P < 0.05), and lower in the scores of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) (t > 22.424, P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in gender, time of education, body mass index (BMI), disease course, Hoehn-Yahr (H-Y) stage, wearing-off phenomenon, dyskinesia, on-and-off phenomenon, and the scores of Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder Screening Questionnaire (RBDQ) and Epworth Sleeping Scale (ESS) between two groups (P > 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the age of disease onset, MoCA and HAMD scores were correlated with apathy in patients with PD (P < 0.05). Conclusion:The presence of apathy in PD may be associated with older age of disease onset, severity of depression and cognitive impairment.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905061

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Shaofu Zhuyutang on nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) /antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling pathway in blood vessels by establishing the model of rats with cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome, and to explore the protective effect and mechanism of Shaofu Zhuyutang on vascular endothelial injury. Method:The 50 SPF rats were randomly divided into high dose group (4.8 g·kg-1), middle dose group (2.4 g·kg-1), low dose group (1.2 g·kg-1), model group and normal group (ten of each group). The rat model of cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome was established by subcutaneous injection of epinephrine hydrochloride combined with ice bath. At the same time of modeling, the drug was administered by gavage. After 28 days of continuous administration, the hemorheology indexes were detected by automatic hemorheology instrument. Levels of nitric oxide (NO), endothelin (ET)-1, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH-Px), intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(VCAM-1), von Willebrand factor (vWF) in serum were determined by ELISA. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the endothelial injury of vascular tissue of thoracic aorta. The protein expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 in vascular tissue of thoracic aorta was detected by Western blot. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR)was used to observe the expression of Nrf2 and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) mRNA in vascular tissue of thoracic aorta. Result:Compared with the blank group, model group rats whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity were significantly increased (P<0.05,P<0.01), vWF, ICAM 1, VCAM 1 content increased significantly (P<0.01), NO, SOD, gsh-px levels decreased significantly (P<0.01), significantly increased the content of ET-1(P<0.01), thoracic aorta vascular tissue Nrf2, HO-1 mRNA expression was significantly increased (P<0.01), Nrf2 protein expression in the cell nucleus increased significantly (P<0.05), The protein expression level of Nrf2 in cytoplasm was significantly decreased (P<0.05), while the protein expression level of HO-1 was significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the whole blood viscosity (high and middle cut), plasma viscosity, were significantly reduced in high and meduim-dose Shaofu Zhuyutang groups(P<0.05,P<0.01). The levels of vWF, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and ET-1 in serum were significantly reduced (P<0.05,P<0.01), NO, SOD and GSH-Px increased significantly (P<0.05,P<0.01). The pathological changes such as hyperplasia, swelling and shedding of endothelial cells of thoracic aorta, rupture of internal elastic membrane and disorder of smooth muscle arrangement were improved. The expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1 protein and gene were significantly increased in vascular tissue of thoracic aorta (P<0.01). Conclusion:Shaofu Zhuyutang has a protective effect on vascular endothelial injury in rats with cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome. The mechanism of action is related to the activation of Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway, which leading to the increased expression of antioxidant enzymes and decreased the expression of adhesion factors.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904630

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections in Yunnan province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for formulating the soil-borne nematodiasis control strategy in the province. Methods In 2015, a total of 20 survey sites were sampled in 10 counties (cities) of Yunnan Province using the stratified cluster random sampling method. Stool samples were collected from all local permanent residents at ages of one year and older in each survey site, and the soil-borne nematode eggs were identified using the modified Kato-Katz technique and the egg number was counted. In addition, the hookworm species was identified using the filter-paperculture method, and Enterobius vermicularis eggs were detected using the cellophane tape method in children at ages of 3 to 6 years. Results A total of 5 067 residents received stool examinations, and 950 residents were detected with soil-borne nematode infections, with an overall prevalence rate of 18.75%. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichura and hookworm was 7.52%, 8.47% and 9.02%, respectively. Among 446 children detected using the cellophane tape method, 5 children were detected with E. vermicularis infections. Among the 160 residents with hookworm infections, there were 139 residents with Necator americanus infections (86.88%), 16 with A. duodenale infections (10.00%) and 5 with mixed infections (3.12%). Mild A. lumbricoides (67.98%, 259/381), T. trichura (88.58%, 380/429) and hookworm infections (94.53%, 432/457) were predominant. Among the four ecological zones, the highest prevalence of human soilborne nematode infections was found in the East Tibet-South Sichuan Ecological Zone (31.79%), and among the 10 survey counties (cities), the greatest prevalence was seen in Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County (50.13%), while the lowest prevalence was found in Ninglang Yi Autonomous County (0.40%). The prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections was 5.67% (43/759), 26.67% (610/2 287) and 14.70% (297/2 021) in high-, moderate- and low-economic-level regions, respectively. There were no significant differences in the prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections in terms of ecological regions, survey counties (cities) or economic development levels (χ2 = 342.20, 814.60 and 201.34, all P < 0.05). There was no significantdifference in the prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections between male (18.21%, 441/2 422) and female residents (19.24%, 509/2 645) (χ2 = 0.89, P > 0.05), and soil-borne nematode infections were detected in residents at all age groups, with the greatest prevalence found in residents at ages of 1 to 9 years (25.88%). In addition, the highest prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections was seen in residents with the Dulong Ethnic Minority (82.09%), in preschool children (25.06%) and in illiterate residents (24.80%), and there was no age-, ethnicity-, occupation- or education level-specific prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections detected (χ2 = 46.50, 1 016.96, 36.33 and 52.43, all P < 0.05). Conclusions The prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections remains high in Yunnan Province. The management of soil-borne nematodiasis requires to be reinforced among low-age children, farmers, old people and residents with low educations levels or ethnic groups.

12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 29-40, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875605

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of liver transplantation (LT) and liver resection (LR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) and to investigate risk factors affecting prognosis. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 94 HCC patients with PVTT type I (segmental PVTT) and PVTT type II (lobar PVTT) were involved and divided into LR (n=47) and LT groups (n=47). Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared before and after inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW). Prognostic factors for RFS and OS were explored. @*Results@#Two treatment groups were well-balanced using IPTW. In the entire cohort, LT provided a better prognosis than LR. Among patients with PVTT type I, RFS was better with LT (p=0.039); OS was not different significantly between LT and LR (p=0.093). In subgroup analysis of PVTT type I patients with α-fetoprotein (AFP) levels >200 ng/mL, LT elicited significantly longer median RFS (18.0 months vs. 2.1 months, p=0.022) and relatively longer median OS time (23.6 months vs. 9.8 months, p=0.065). Among patients with PVTT type II, no significant differences in RFS and OS were found between LT and LR (p=0.115 and 0.335, respectively). Multivariate analyses showed treatment allocation (LR), tumor size (>5 cm), AFP and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels to be risk factors of RFS and treatment allocation (LR), AFP and AST as risk factors for OS. @*Conclusion@#LT appeared to afford a better prognosis for HCC with PVTT type I than LR, especially in patients with AFP levels >200 ng/mL.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879467

ABSTRACT

The surgical treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation is a difficult problem in the field of sports injury medicine. The main reason focus on dynamic and osseous constraints of shoulder joint could not recover well. At present, arthroscopic surgery is used at home and abroad, and could receive statisfied postoperative effect, but the choice of specific surgical methods is still controversial. According to presence and size of glenoid and humeral skull defects, different treatments should be selected in clinic. The author recommends that no articular glenoid defect or glenoid defect 40% or Bristow-Latarjet if the surgical repair fails, bone grafting is used. In addition, if (humeral avulsion of glenohumeral ligaments, HAGL) injury existed, HAGL injury repair should be used. In addition to considering the important factor of bone defects, it is necessary to combine patient's age, exercise level and surgeon's technique to comprehensively select the bestsurgical method.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Humans , Joint Instability , Recurrence , Scapula , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879390

ABSTRACT

Shoulder arthroscopic as a conventional method usually is applied to repair rotator cuff tears. In clinical, plenty single-row, double-row and transosseous tunnels suture technique are performed, but the ideal suture technique for rotator cuff repair is not found. Compared with single-row, double-row has better strength in biomechanics property. As the two best suture technique among the single-row, massive cuff stitch and modified Mason-Allen suture have the strongest biomechanics property. Clinical trials indicate that double-row could improve healing rates, but there are no significant difference in clinical outcome functional scores. Transosseous tunnel techniques possess a better bio-mechanic property, which could improve regional micro-environment and induce tendon-bone healing. Transosseous tunnel techniques are better for small to media size rotator cuff tears and osteoporosis patient. The author suggest that optimal rotator cuff repair technique should performed according to skill of performer and individual of patient by analysing bio-mechanic properties, clinical outcome, operative complexity and patient situation. The technique should follow simple opertaion, rapid, less trauma, stable fixation and utility to perform.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Humans , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Suture Anchors , Suture Techniques , Sutures
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911304

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of laryngopharyngeal reflux on sedation-related adverse events in the patients undergoing painless gastroscopy.Methods:Two hundred and eighty-nine American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ patients of both sexes, aged 18-75 yr, with body mass index 18.5-28.0 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective painless gastrocopy, were selected.Specimens of glottic secretions before and after gastroscopy were collected, and the concentration of human pepsin was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The patients in whom the concentration of pepsin was positive before the examination were excluded (the concentration ≥ 31.34 pg/ml was considered as positive). The patients were divided into laryngopharyngeal reflux group (R group, the concentration of pepsin was positive after gastroscopy) and non-laryngopharyngeal reflux group (N group, the concentration of pepsin was negative after gastroscopy) according to the concentration of pepsin in the secretion samples before and after gastroscopy.The occurrence of hypoxemia, hypotension, bradycardia, bucking and body movement during operation was recorded.The patients were followed up by telephone on the 1st, 3rd and 7th days after operation.The sore throat, hoarseness, nausea and vomiting, cough and expectoration and use of antibiotics were recorded. Results:Compared with group N, the incidence of bucking and hypoxemia was significantly increased, the incidence of sore throat and hoarseness was increased on the 1st day after operation, and the incidence of cough and expectoration was increased on the 1st and 3rd days after gastroscopy in group R ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Laryngopharyngeal reflux can increase the development of intraoperative and postoperative sedation-related adverse events in the patients undergoing painless gastroscopy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911252

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of general anesthesia guided by electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring on postoperative delirium (POD) in elderly patients with non-acute fragile brain function.Methods:Sixty patients of both sexes with non-acute fragile brain function, aged 65-85 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ, with body mass index of 18-30 kg/m 2, undergoing hip replacement, were divided into 2 groups ( n=30 each) by a random number table method: conventional general anesthesia group (group C) and general anesthesia guided by EEG monitoring group (group E). Anesthesia was maintained by intravenous infusion of propofol 50-150 μg·kg -1·min -1 and remifentanil 0.05-0.30 μg·kg -1·min -1 and intermittent intravenous boluses of rocuronium.In group E, the dose of anesthetic was reduced when the EEG burst-suppression ratio≥10% for more than 1 min or anesthesia index (AI) <40.If the situation mentioned above still existed after 1 min, the dose of anesthetic was continued to be reduced or norepinephrine was injected intravenously.In group C, the amount of intraoperative anesthesia was adjusted according to the changes in hemodynamics.Norepinephrine 4-10 μg or dopamine 1 mg was given intravenously in the light of the patients′ heart rates when intraoperative hypotension occurred.At 10 min after anesthesia induction, immediately after skin incision, immediately at the end of surgery and at 1 h after surgery, blood samples were obtained from the artery and jugular venous bulb for blood gas analysis and for calculation of jugular bulb blood oxygen content (CjvO 2), artery-jugular bulb blood oxygen content difference (Ca-jvO 2), cerebral oxygen uptake rate (CERO 2) and jugular-arterial blood lactate concentration difference (Djv-aLac). The emergence time, amounts of intraoperative anesthetics, use of noradrenaline, cumulative time of EEG burst inhibition and duration of AI<40 were recorded.The development of POD was assessed within 5 days after surgery by the confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit and the duration was recorded. Results:Compared with group C, recovery time, cumulative time of EEG burst inhibition and duration of AI<40 were significantly shortened, the intraoperative consumption of propofol and remifentanil was decreased, the requirement for intraoperative noradrenaline was increased, CjvO 2 was increased, Ca-jvO 2 and CERO 2 were decreased immediately at the end of surgery and at 1 h after surgery, the incidence of POD within 5 days after surgery was decreased, and POD duration was shortened in group E ( P<0.05). Conclusion:General anesthesia guided by EEG monitoring can reduce the development of POD in elderly patients with non-acute fragile brain function.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911203

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an artificial neural network (ANN) model for predication of postoperative fatigue syndrome (POFS) in patients with painless colonoscopy.Methods:The out-patients received painless colonoscopy from October 2016 to February 2017 were selected.A total of 38 factors influencing POFS during perioperative period were collected.Christensen postoperative fatigue score was performed when resuscitation achieved the standard.The patients were divided into POFS group (Christensen score≥3) and non-POFS group (Christensen score<3) according to whether POFS occurred.Logistic regression predication model and ANN predication model were established and tested, respectively.The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve were used to compare the efficacy of the two models for predication of POFS.Results:The error rates of the ANN prediction model training set and test set were 23.1% and 28.1%, respectively.The sensitivity and specificity of the training set were 88.6% and 52.7%, respectively.The sensitivity and specificity of the test set were 91.6% and 71.1%, respectively.The areas under the curves of logistic regression predication model and ANN predication model were 0.698 and 0.776, respectively.Conclusion:ANN prediction model has been successfully established, which provides better efficacy than logistic regression predication model for predication of POFS in patients with painless colonoscopy .

18.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1381-1385, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911023

ABSTRACT

Objective:We aimed to compare the characteristics between elderly and non-elderly corona virus disease 2019(COVID-19)patients, especially patients with different severity, in order to achieve a good understanding of elderly patients' clinical presentations.Methods:Records of patients diagnosed with COVID-19 and hospitalized at Tongji Hospital from February 9, 2020 to February 29, 2020 were retrospectively reviewed.They were divided into the elderly(≥65 years old)and non-elderly(<65 years old)groups according to age.Data on morbidity, underlying diseases, clinical symptoms, laboratory test results, imaging characteristics and hospitalization outcomes were collected retrospectively and analyzed statistically.Results:A total of 51 patients were enrolled with 21 in the elderly group(41.2%), with an average age of(71.9±6.4)years, and 30 non-elderly patients(58.8%). There were 13 elderly patients(61.9%)exhibiting fever, representing a lower rate than in the non-elderly patients(27 or 90%)( χ2=5.764, P=0.016). Bilateral pneumonia was present on chest CT scans in all of the elderly patients, while it was seen in 83.3% of the non-elderly patients( χ2=3.880, P=0.049). The proportion of elderly patients with coronary heart disease(61.9%)or hypertension(26.8%)was higher than that of non-elderly patients.The usage rates of antiviral drugs, systemic hormones and antibiotics were all higher and the causes of death were all due to multiple organ failure in elderly patients. Conclusions:Elderly patients with COVID-19 possess special characteristics, showing atypical symptoms, and multiple concomitant diseases may be the reason for their poor clinical prognosis.More rigorous monitoring and careful treatment should be conducted for elderly COVID-19 patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910107

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the left atrial appendage (LAA) structure and function in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) by real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT-3DTEE) and speckle tracking imaging (STI).Methods:One-hundred and one patients examined by RT-3DTEE in the First Central Hospital of Baoding from January 2018 to August 2020 were selected and divided into non-atrial fibrillation group (non-AF group) and atrial fibrillation group (AF group), and further divided the AF group into three subgroups: non-spontaneous echo contrast subgroup (non-SEC subgroup), spontaneous echo contrast subgroup (SEC subgroup) and thrombosis subgroup (TH subgroup). The structural and functional parameters of the LAA were compared among all the groups. Logistic regression analysis and ROC curve analysis were used to screen the risk factors of thrombosis.Results:①Compared with the non-AF group, end-diastolic volume of LAA (LAA-EDV) and end-systolic volume of LAA (LAA-ESV) were significantly increased in AF group, emptying velocity of LAA (LAA-EV), filling velocity of LAA (LAA-FV), emptying fraction of LAA (LAA-EF), strain of LAA (LAA-S), left ventricular systolic velocity of pulmonary vein (VS) and left ventricular diastolic velocity of pulmonary vein (VD) were significantly decreased in AF group (all P<0.05). Comparison between subgroups in AF group, long diameter of LAA opening (LAA-D1) and short diameter of LAA opening (LAA-D2) in TH group were significantly larger than other groups, open areas of LAA (LAA-OA) in SEC group and TH group were significantly larger than non-SEC, and left ventricular systolic early velocity of pulmonary vein (VR), VS and VD were significantly smaller than non-SEC( P<0.05). The differences of LAA-EV, LAA-FV, LAA-EF and LAA-S among the subgroups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). ②Logistic regression analysis found that LAA-EV, LAA-FV, LAA-EF and LAA-S were independent factors of LAA thrombosis in patients with AF ( P<0.05). ③ROC curve analysis found that the cut-off values of LAA-EV, LAA-FV, LAA-EF and LAA-S for predicting LAA thrombosis in patients with AF were 30.95 cm/s, 29.60 cm/s, 30.84% and 10.95, respectively. Conclusions:By combining RT-3DTEE with STI to analyze the structure and function of LAA with multiple parameters, and observe whether the LAA has SEC and thrombosis, it can more effective and accurate information for AF progressim and guide clinicians to formulate the further treatment plan.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907811

ABSTRACT

Objective:To estimate and analyze the occurrence of post-thyroidectomy syndrome (PTS) following endoscopic thyroidectomy via areola approach (ETAA) vs open thyroidectomy (OT) .Methods:Data of 903 consecutive cases, aged from 20 to 66 with 231 males and 672 females, in Department of General Surgery, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, from Jan. 2016 to Dec. 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. They were enrolled according to the same criteria. Based on different procedures, the cases were divided into ETAA group (n=162) and OT group (n=741) . Intraoperative procedure was according to unified principle. Drainage tube was removed if 24-hour drainage volume was less than 20 ml. Following-up was implemented by telephone or outpatient clinic. Data of 2 groups of 5 PTS items during 1 m, 3 m, 6 m and 1 y postoperatively and the scores of the medical outcomes study short form 36-item health survey (SF-36) V2 were analyzed by independent sample t test and repeated measures analysis of variance. Results:The patients of 2 groups were all followed up for more than 1 y with 43 cases censored (4.8%) . Demographic data of the rest of 2 groups were not different statistically ( P>0.05) . Median of every phase scores of the 5 items of PTS were 0 to 1. Scores of the 5 items were decreased gradually in accordance with time factor ( P=0.000) . The scores of peculiar feeling at the surgical site and discomfort in neck were different statistically during 1 m and 3 m postoperatively ( P=0.000) . Incidence of peculiar feeling at the surgical site in 1 m and 3 m postoperatively in ETAA group (54, 38.8% and 8, 5.8%) was higher than that in OT group (153, 21.2% and 20, 2.8%) . However, incidence of discomfort in neck in ETAA group (14, 10.1% and 0) was lower than in OT group (194, 26.9% and 53, 7.4%) . The other 3 items at all phases were not different statistically ( P>0.05) . The SF-36 V2 scores at 1 y postoperatively of 2 groups were not different statistically ( P=0.458) . Conclusions:PTS is a common symptom after OT or ETAA. It is frequent within early phase after thyroidectomy and is decreased significantly within 6 m. Peculiar feeling at the surgical site occurs less in OT than in ETAA in early postoperative phase and discomfort in neck occurs more, conversely.

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