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1.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 416-422, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985662

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the influencing factors of pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) with organ or system impairment in pregnant women, and to analyze and compare the differences of HDP subtypes in different regions of China. Methods: A total of 27 680 pregnant women with HDP with complete data from 161 hospitals in 24 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities were retrospectively collected from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018. According to their clinical manifestations, they were divided into hypertension group [a total of 10 308 cases, including 8 250 cases of gestational hypertension (GH), 2 058 cases of chronic hypertension during pregnancy] and hypertension with organ or system impairment group [17 372 cases, including 14 590 cases of pre-eclampsia (PE), 137 cases of eclampsia, 2 645 cases of chronic hypertension with PE]. The subtype distribution of HDP in East China (6 136 cases), North China (4 821 cases), Central China (3 502 cases), South China (8 371 cases), Northeast China (1 456 cases), Southwest China (2 158 cases) and Northwest China (1 236 cases) were analyzed. By comparing the differences of HDP subtypes and related risk factors in different regions, regional analysis of the risk factors of HDP pregnant women with organ or system impairment was conducted. Results: (1) The proportions of HDP pregnant women with organ or system impairment in Northeast China (79.05%, 1 151/1 456), Central China (68.42%, 2 396/3 502) and Northwest China (69.34%, 857/1 236) were higher than the national average (62.76%, 17 372/27 680); the proportions in North China (59.18%, 2 853/4 821), East China (60.85%, 3 734/6 136) and South China (59.56%, 4 986/8 371) were lower than the national average, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). (2) Univariate analysis showed that the proportions of primiparas, non-Han, non-urban household registration, irregular prenatal examination and PE history in the hypertension with organ or system impairment group were higher than those in the hypertension group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that primiparas, non-Han, non-urban household registration, irregular prenatal examination and PE history were independent risk factors for HDP pregnant women with organ or system impairment (all P<0.05). (3) Primipara: the rates of primipara in Northeast China, North China and Southwest China were higher than the national average level, while those in South China, Central China and Northwest China were lower than the national average level. Non-Han nationality: the rates of non-Han nationality in Northeast China, North China and Northwest China were higher than the national average, while those in East China, South China and Central China were lower than the national average. Non-urban household registration: the rates of non-urban household registration in Northeast China, North China, and Southwest China were lower than the national average, while those in East China, Central China were higher than the national average. Irregular prenatal examination: the rates of irregular prenatal examination in North China, South China and Southwest regions were lower than the national average level, while those in Northeast China, Central China and Northwest China were higher than the national average level. History of PE: the incidence rates of PE in Northeast China, North China, South China and Southwest China were lower than the national average level, while those in Central China and Northwest China were higher than the national average level. Conclusions: Primiparas, non-Han, non-urban household registration, irregular prenatal examination, and PE history are risk factors for HDP pregnant women with organ or system impairment. Patients in Northeast, Central and Northwest China have more risk factors, and are more likely to be accompanied by organ or system function damage. It is important to strengthen the management of pregnant women and reduce the occurrence of HDP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Female , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Pre-Eclampsia/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Incidence
2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 145-148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996437

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and risk factors of myocardial injury in diabetes patients with coronary heart disease in Qingdao, and to provide a theoretical basis for the prevention of myocardial injury in diabetes patients with coronary heart disease. Methods A total of 196 diabetes patients with coronary heart disease admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from June 2019 to June 2020 were selected. The patients were divided into myocardial injury group (n=39) and non-myocardial injury group (n=157) according to whether myocardial injury occurred during hospitalization. Four ml of fasting elbow venous blood was collected from all subjects. The serum cTnT, BNP and CK-MB levels of the two groups were compared. The clinical data of the patients were collected from the medical record system, including gender, age, history of taking lipid-lowering drugs, BMI, diabetes mellitus, course of coronary heart disease and serum TG, FPG, PBG, HbAlc, HDL-C, LDL-C levels, etc. Univariate analysis and logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the influencing factors of myocardial injury in patients with diabetes mellitus complicated with coronary heart disease. Results Among of 196 diabetic patients with coronary heart disease, 39 cases (19.90%) had myocardial injury, including 21 males and 18 females. There was no difference in gender between the two groups (χ2=0.105, P>0.05). The age of patients in the myocardial injury group (64.78±5.67) was significantly higher than that in the control group (59.72±5.12) (t =5.016, P<0.05). The serum levels of cTnT, BNP and CK-MB in the myocardial injury group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). There were significant differences in the course of coronary heart disease, serum Hcy, TG, FPG, PBG, HbAlc, TG and LDL-C between the two groups (P<0.05). Increased Hcy (OR=2.673), increased FBG (OR=3.681) and increased LDL-C (OR=2.912) were risk factors for myocardial injury in patients with diabetes mellitus complicated with coronary heart disease (P<0.05). Conclusion The risk of myocardial injury in patients with diabetes combined with coronary heart disease in Qingdao area is high, which is closely related to the increase of postprandial LDL-C, FBG and Hcy in patients. Active intervention should be given to reduce the risk of myocardial injury.

3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 317-322, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928315

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of internal external fixator assisted O-arm navigation imaging in the treatment of unstable pelvic fractures.@*METHODS@#From May 2019 to November 2019, 15 patients with unstable pelvic fractures were treated by intraoperative O-arm navigation imaging using INFIX technology. There were 6 males and 9 females. The age ranged from 24 to 66 years old. The course of disease ranged from 2 to 14 days. According to Tile classification, there were 1 case of B1 type, 8 cases of B2 type, 3 cases of C1 type, and 3 cases of C2 type. According to Young-Burgess classification, there were 8 cases of LC, 1 case of APC, 4 cases of VS, 2 cases of CM. Preoperative routine pelvic anteroposterior film, entrance position, exit position and pelvic CT three-dimensional reconstruction were performed. Intraoperative O-arm navigation system three-dimensional reconstruction and triplane scanning imaging were used to evaluate the effect of intraoperative reduction. The anterior pelvic ring was fixed with internal external fixator, and the posterior ring was fixed with sacroiliac screw, plate screw or lumbar iliac screw. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding and nail placement were observed and recorded. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated by Matta standard, and the postoperative function was evaluated by Majeed function score.@*RESULTS@#Wound healing was good in all patients without vascular, nerve and local irritation complications. All the 15 patients were followed up for 10 to 16 months. The fracture reduction was evaluated according to the Matta scoring standard, 9 cases were excellent results, 5 cases were good, and 1 case was medium. The Majeed functional score was 0 to 95 points.@*CONCLUSION@#The built-in external fixator assisted O-arm navigation imaging system in the treatment of unstable pelvic fractures. The reduction effect is evaluated in advance, the operation time is shortened, and the accuracy of internal fixation is improved. The operation is simple, safe and less bleeding. The operation is in line with the principles of minimally invasive medical treatment and precision medical treatment in orthopedics, which is conducive to the recovery of patients' postoperative function and rapid recovery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 300-305, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933977

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine whether or not shock wave therapy promotes the repair of muscle injury by regulating insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and/or the phosphorylation of protein kinase B (p-Akt).Methods:Sixty-six adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group and a treatment group. A custom-made striker was used to induce blunt contusion in the gastrocnemius muscles of the rats of the model and treatment groups. The normal and model groups were then not given any therapeutic intervention. Twenty-four hours later, the treatment group underwent 500-impulse shockwave treatment at 0.14mJ/mm 2 and 10Hz. That was repeated 4 days later. The injured muscle was sampled on the 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th day after modeling. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was applied to observe the arrangement of muscle fibers, and the expressions of myostatin, myogenic differentiation antigen 1 (MYOD1), IGF-1 and p-AKTs473 were detected by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. Results:(1) The staining showed that in the model group the space between the muscle cells was larger than in the normal group. In the treatment group there were more newly-formed mononuclear or multinucleated muscle tubes. The regeneration of skeletal muscle in the treatment group was superior to that in the model group at the same time points. (2) The average myostatin expression of the model group increased significantly compared with the normal group at all the time points, while that of the treatment group had decreased significantly compared with the model group. Moreover, no significant differences were found on the 7th day between the treatment and normal groups. (3) Western blotting showed that the expression of MyoD1 in the model group was significantly higher than that in the normal group on days 1 and 3, and the expression of MyoD1 in the treatment group was significantly higher than in the model group. The expression levels of IGF-1 and P-AKTS473 in the model group were higher than those in the normal group at the same time point, and the expression levels in the treatment group were significantly higher than those in the model group.Conclusion:Extracorporeal shock wave therapy can promote the regeneration and repair of skeletal muscle by regulating IGF-1 and p-AKT levels.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 328-333, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932333

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate our self-designed novel guide device for cannulated screwing in the treatment of femoral neck fracture.Methods:Between June 2019 and July 2020, 40 patients with femoral neck fracture were treated with cannulated screwing at Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Hospital Affiliated to Shanxi Medical University. They were divided into a manual group of 20 cases whose cannulated screwing was implemented by hand and a guide group of 20 cases whose cannulated screwing was implemented with the aid of our self-designed guide device. In the guide group, there were 5 males and 15 females, with an age of (48.4±10.2) years (from 18 to 63 years); there were 12 cases of types Ⅰ & Ⅱ and 8 cases of types Ⅲ & Ⅳ by the Garden classification. In the manual group, there were 8 males and 12 females, with an age of (49.8±8.4) years (from 18 to 60 years); there were 13 cases of types Ⅰ & Ⅱ and 7 cases of types Ⅲ & Ⅳ by the Garden classification. All fractures underwent closed reduction and internal fixation with 3 cannulated screws. The intraoperative fluoroscopy, operation time, femoral cortex drilling, angle between the guide pin and the femoral neck axis in the anteroposterior view, angle between the guide pin and the femoral neck axis in the lateral view, fracture healing time, Harris hip score and complications were compared between the 2 groups.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability ( P>0.05). In the guide group, intraoperative fluoroscopy [(10.0±2.2) times], operation time [(41.8±5.6) min], femoral cortex drilling [(4.5±1.1) times], angle between the guide pin and the femoral neck axis in the anteroposterior view (3.0°±0.8°) angle between the guide pin and the femoral neck axis in the lateral view (3.9°±1.0°) and fracture healing time [(6.2±0.5) months] were significantly less or smaller than those in the manual group [(24.8±8.3) times, (60.0±15.3) min, (12.8±2.0) times, 7.2°±1.8°, 7.6°±2.6°, and (7.2±0.5) months] (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in Harris hip score between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). None of the patients had wound infection, internal fixation displacement, fracture nonunion or screw breakage. Conclusions:Application of our self-designed guide device can shorten operation time, improve accuracy of needle insertion, and reduce drilling attempts in the femoral cortex, making cannulated screwing easier for femoral neck fractures.

6.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 171-174, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931142

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of synchronized 12-lead Holter in the diagnosis of coronary heart disease myocardial ischemia.Methods:A total of 101 patients with coronary heart disease who came to the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College from May 2019 to May 2020 were selected. They all received conventional electrocardiogram(ECG) and synchronized 12-lead Holter examinations. The value of different examination methods in the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia was compared, and the characteristics of myocardial ischemia in patients with different degrees of coronary artery disease were analyzed.Results:The detection rates of synchronized 12-lead Holter for myocardial ischemia in single-vessel coronary artery disease and multi-vessel coronary artery disease were 28.71% (29/101) and 56.44%(57/101), respectively, which were slightly higher than 17.82%(18/101) and 45.54% (46/101) of conventional ECG, but with no statistically significant difference ( P>0.05), the total myocardial ischemia detection rate of synchronized 12-lead Holter was 85.15%(86/101), which was higher than 63.37%(64/101) of conventional ECG ( P<0.05). The mean frequency of myocardial ischemia in coronary heart disease diagnosed by synchronized 12-lead Holter was higher than that of conventional ECG, and the duration and amplitude of ST-segment depression were higher than those in conventional ECG ( P<0.05). The detection rates of lateral and inferior myocardial ischemia on synchronized 12-lead Holter were 16.28%(14/86) and 22.09%(19/86), respectively, which were higher than 0 of conventional ECG. The detection rate of myocardial ischemia in the anterior septum/anterior wall was 61.62%(53/86), which was lower than 100.00% (64/64)of the conventional ECG ( P<0.01). Synchronized 12-lead Holter in the diagnosis of coronary cardiac myocardial ischemia was highly consistent with that by coronary angiography, the Kappa value was 0.648, and the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and negative predictive value were 93.33%, 81.82%, 92.08% and 60.00%, respectively, which were higher than 54.44%, 63.64%, 55.45%, 14.58% of conventional ECG ( P<0.05). The number of myocardial ischemic attacks in patients with multi-vessel disease of coronary heart disease was more than that of single vessel disease ( P<0.05), the mean frequency of myocardial ischemia was higher than that of single vessel disease, and the duration and amplitude of ST-terminal depression were higher than those of patients with single-vessel disease ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Synchronized 12-lead Holter is more effective than conventional ECG in the diagnosis of myocardial ischemic attack of coronary heart disease, and it is more consistent with coronary angiography. It can clarify the frequency and extent of myocardial ischemic attacks and help identify the location of myocardial ischemia. It can be used as an important basis for screening myocardial ischemia attacks of coronary heart disease.

7.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 126-129, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930385

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristic of patellar sleeve fracture in children, so as to improve the understanding of pediatric patellar sleeve fracture and reduce the misdiagnosis rate.Methods:Clinical data of 18 children with patellar sleeve fractures admitted and followed up in Department of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from January 2013 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 10 males and 8 females with the mean age of 11.4 years (8.0-14.0 years). There were 10 right patellar sleeve fracture cases, 7 left cases, and 1 case on both sides.Classified by the fracture cause, 10 cases were caused by falls, 3 cases of high jump, 2 cases of falling from height, 2 cases of car accidents, and 1 case of rope skipping, and all of cases were closed injuries.The mean post-injury visit to Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University was 3.5 days (4 hours -7 days). Twelve out of cases were transferred from other hospitals.All patients were treated with the open reduction and tension band wiring or patella tendon suturing through bone tunnel + patella circumferential wire banding and fixation.The curative effect of patella fracture was evaluated by the Bostman score.Results:Eighteen children with patellar sleeve fracture were diagnosed and treated promptly after admission, and regularly followed up after the operation for an average of 14 months (9-28 months). All cases achieved stage Ⅰ wound healing, and Kirschner wires and steel wires were removed according to the condition of fracture healing at 6 to 10 months postoperatively.According to the Bostman score for evaluating the patella fracture, 15 cases were excellent, 3 cases were good, and there were no missed or misdiagnosed cases.Conclusions:Patella sleeve avulsion fracture is a unique type of fracture in children.As cartilage is the main distal avulsion fracture lesion, it is difficult to be detected on X-ray scans, thus easily leading to missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis.Improving the understanding of this fracture type is the key to the early diagnosis and treatment.

8.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 156-160, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929751

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of B7-H3 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and its prognostic significance.Methods:The paraffin-embedded tumor tissues of 103 patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL in Linyi Central Hospital from May 2013 to May 2019 were detected by using immunohistochemistry. The association of the expression of B7-H3 protein with the clinicopathological features, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of DLBCL patients was analyzed. Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the factors affecting PFS and OS.Results:The positive rate of B7-H3 protein in patients with DLBCL was 68.0% (70/103). There were no statistically significant differences in the positive rate of B7-H3 protein among patients with different gender, age, clinical staging, international prognostic index (IPI) score, treatment effect, B symptoms, pathological type and other clinicopathological characteristics (all P > 0.05). The 5-year PFS and 5-year OS rates were 24% and 32% in all patients, the 5-year PFS rates were 47% and 14% in B7-H3 negative and B7-H3 positive patients, respectively ( P < 0.01); and 5-year OS rates were 50% and 24% in B7-H3 negative and B7-H3 positive patients, respectively ( P < 0.001). Multi-factor Cox regression analysis showed that B7-H3 positive was an adverse affecting factor of PFS ( HR = 2.685, 95% CI 1.503 - 4.789, P = 0.001) and OS ( HR = 2.262, 95% CI 1.248 - 4.098, P = 0.007). Conclusions:The moderate and high expression of B7-H3 may be related to the poor prognosis of DLBCL patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1006-1010, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC) and related factors of postoperative recurrence, so as to improve the clinical diagnosis and treatment level of ABC in children.Methods:The clinical data of children pathologically diagnosed as ABC after surgery in the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from January 2010 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Clinical characteristics of the patients, including age, gender, lesion sites, and main clinical manifestations (pain, swelling, local tenderness, joint dysfunction and pathological fracture) were analyzed and summarized.Before operation, imaging Enneking staging was carried out, cyst volume was estimated, and the distance from cysts to the epiphyseal plate was measured.During surgery, patients received lesion curettage, local cautery and bone grafting, and the pathological fractures were treated with auxiliary internal fixation.Results were determined by Neer imaging grading after surgery, and grades Ⅰ and Ⅱ were postoperative recurrence.Possible recurrence factors were analyzed statistically by Fisher′ s exact test. Results:A total of 29 cases meeting the criteria were included, including 19 males and 10 females.The age ranged from 3.6 to 14.0 years old, averaging 9.2 years old; 12 patients were smaller than 10 years old and 17 patients were older than 10 years old.The cysts of 9 cases were located in proximal femur (31.0%), 5 cases in proximal humerus (17.2%), and 4 cases in proximal fibula (13.8%); The other 11 cases (37.9%) occurred in the middle and distal end; 26 cases (89.7%) had local tenderness, 25 cases (86.2%) showed varying degrees of pain, 18 cases (62.1%) presented local swelling, 15 cases (51.7%) were accompanied by joint dysfunction, and 12 cases (41.4%) were combined with pathological fractures.According to Enneking staging results, 18 cases (62.1%) were at rest stage, 7 cases (24.1%) at active stage, and 4 cases (13.8%) at invasive stage.Cyst volume was estimated to be 3.3-172.0 cm 3, with a median of about 50.8 cm 3.The distance from cysts to the epiphyseal plate was 0-85.0 mm, with a median of 20.8 mm.All children were followed up for 2.2-10.1 years (averaging 3.8 years). There were 6 cases (20.7%) of grades Ⅰ and Ⅱ according to Neer grading standard, and they suffered from recurrence about 2.5-20.3 months after surgery (averaging 12.5 months). The recurrence rate was higher in patients with cyst volume >50.8 cm 3 (42.9%, 6/14 cases) as well as in patients at active stage and invasive stage (45.5%, 5/11 cases) ( P<0.05). There was no statistical difference between the recurrence rate of ABC in different gender, age, the distance from cysts to the epiphyseal plate and pathological fractures. Conclusions:ABC is prone to occur in the proximal metaphysis of the long bones of children′s extremities.Main manifestations are pain, swelling, local tenderness and joint dysfunction, and ABC is frequently accompanied by pathological fractures.A higher postoperative recurrence rate is related to a larger cyst size and the active and invasion phases of the cyst, but gender, age, the distance from the cyst to the epiphyseal plate and pathological fractures are not significantly related to the postoperative recurrence rate.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 142-150, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940431

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the content difference of gallic acid,protocatechuic acid,catechin,total flavonoids, and total polysaccharides in Cynomorii Herba between different producing areas and the correlation between effective components and environmental factors. MethodNinety-five batches of Cynomorii Herba samples were collected from 12 major producing areas in five provinces (autonomous regions), including Gansu,Inner Mongolia,Xinjiang,Qinghai, and Ningxia,and the geographical-climatic factors such as altitude,longitude and latitude,climate type,annual average frost-free period,annual rainfall,annual sunshine hours,annual average temperature, and annual average evaporation were recorded. The content of gallic acid,protocatechuic acid, and catechin in Cynomorii Herba was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC),and the mathematical model of the correlation between the content of chemical components and environmental factors was optimized and established. ResultPearson correlation analysis showed that protocatechuic acid content in Cynomorii Herba increased with the increase in annual average frost-free period and annual average temperature, and catechin content increased with the increase in the annual average frost-free period,annual sunshine hours, and annual average evaporation,while total polysaccharides content decreased with the increase in altitude. Redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that the annual average frost-free period, annual average evaporation,annual sunshine hours, and altitude had great influences on the content of effective components in Cynomorii Herba. Curve fitting showed that the optimal conditions for the growth of Cynomorii Herba were as follows: altitude of 800-2 000 m,annual average frost-free period of 80-110 d, annual rainfall of 110-300 mm,annual sunshine hours of 2 400-3 000 h, annual average temperature of 2.2-8.8 ℃,and annual average evaporation of 1 700-2 500 mm. ConclusionThe content of effective components in Cynomorii Herba is diverse in terms of producing areas and shows a clear response rule to environmental factors. The areas suitable for growing and artificial cultivation introduction are those with high altitude,short annual average frost-free period,low annual rainfall,large average evaporation,long sunshine hours, and low annual average temperature.

11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 418-424, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify new biomarkers and molecular pathogenesis of Down syndrome (DS) by analyzing differentially expressed miRNAs in the placentas and their biological pathways.@*METHODS@#Whole transcriptome sequencing was used to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs in DS (n=3) and normal placental samples (n=3) diagnosed by prenatal diagnosis. The target genes were predicted using miRWalk, Targetscan and miRDB, and GO and KEGG pathway analyses were performed for gene enrichment studies.@*RESULTS@#We identified a total of 82 differentially expressed miRNAs in the placental tissues of DS, including 29 up-regulated miRNAs (fold change ≥2, P < 0.05) and 15 down-regulated miRNAs (fold change ≥2, P < 0.05), among which 10 miRNAs with relatively high expression abundance were selected for further analysis, including 4 up-regulated and 6 down-regulated miRNAs. These selected miRNAs shared the common target genes BTBD3 and AUTS2, both of which were associated with neurodevelopment. GO analysis showed that the target genes of the selected miRNAs were mainly enriched in protein binding, hydrolytic enzymes, metal ion binding protein combining, transferase activity, nucleotide, cytoplasmic constituents, nucleus composition, transcriptional regulation, RNA metabolism regulation, DNA-dependent RNA polymerase Ⅱ promoter transcriptional regulation, eye development, and sensory organ development. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the target genes of these differentially expressed miRNAs were involved in the signaling pathways including tumor-related signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, Ras signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway, cytoskeletal regulatory signaling pathway, purine metabolization-related signaling pathway and P53 signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#The differentially expressed miRNAs may play important roles in placental damage and pregnancy pathology in DS and provide clues for the prevention and treatment of mental retardation-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Down Syndrome/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Placenta/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Transcriptome , Exome Sequencing
12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1388-1392, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931785

ABSTRACT

Macrophages are important innate immune cells. Under inflammatory stimulation, macrophages rapidly respond and subsequently produce large amounts of cellular metabolites through metabolic reprogramming. Itaconate is an immunomodulatory derivative from the tricarboxylic acid cycle which has antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. In recent years, it has been reported that itaconate promotes the transition of macrophage phenotype from M1 to M2 and the underlying mechanism may include the activation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) by alkylation of Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1), inhibition of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), blockade of the inhibitor ζ of nuclear factor-κB (IκBζ) translation and inhibition of aerobic glycolysis. In this review, we describe the metabolic pathways of itaconate, clarify the relationship between itaconate and the immune response, and summarize the latest researches about the roles of itaconate on regulating the inflammatory response in macrophages in order to provide the basis for the clinical use of itaconate and new strategies for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.

13.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 633-643, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the performance of the commonly used whole blood C-reactive protein (CRP) detection systems and give related recommendation on the performance requirements of detection systems.Methods:A total of 7 540 venous blood samples from 26 maternal, child and children′s hospitals were collected to conduct this multi-center study on the analytical performance of 5 commonly used whole blood CRP detection systems from March to April in 2019. The blank check, carryover, repeatability, intermediate precision, linearity, sample stability, influence of hematocrit/triglyceride/bilirubin, comparison with SIEMENS specific protein analyzer and trueness were evaluated. The 5 systems included BC-5390CRP autohematology analyzer, AstepPLUS specific protein analyzer, Ottoman-1000 Automated Specific Protein POCT Workstation, i-CHROMA Immunofluorometer equipment Reader and Orion QuikRead go detecting instrument. The 5 systems were labeled as a, b, c, d and e randomly.Results:Within the 5 systems, all values of blank check were less than 1.00 mg/L, the carryovers were lower than 1.00%. The repeatability of different ranges of CRP concentrations including 3.00-10.00, 10.00-30.00 and>30.00 mg/L were less than 10.00%, 6.00% and 5.00%, respectively, and the intermediate precision was less than 10.00%. The linearity correlation coefficients of the 5 systems were all above 0.975, while the slope was within 0.950-1.050. Whole blood samples were stable within 72 hours both at room temperature (18-25 ℃) and refrigerated temperature (2-8 ℃). The CRP results were rarely influenced by high triglyceride or bilirubin, except for the immmunoturbidimetric test based on microparticles coated with anti-human CRP F(ab) 2 fragments. When triglyceride was less than 15.46 mmol/L, the deviation of CRP was less than 10.00%. When bilirubin was less than 345.47 μmol/L, the deviation of CRP was less than 10.00%. CRP was more susceptible to Hct on the systems without Hct correction. The deviation of CRP between different Hct dilution concentration and 40% dilution concentration can reach as high as 67.48%. The correlation coefficients ( r) of 5 systems were all more than 0.975 in the range of 0-300.00 mg/L compared with Siemens specific protein analyzer. All systems passed the trueness verification using the samples with specified values of 12.89 and 30.60 mg/L. Conclusion:The performance of 5 systems can basically meet the clinical needs, but it is suggested that the whole blood CRP detection system without automatic Hct correction should be modified manually.

14.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 760-766, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910180

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the difference of high-risk factors between early-onset and late-onset pre-eclampsia, and to further understand high-risk factors of pre-eclampsia.Methods:Clinical data of pre-eclampsia pregnant women in 160 medical institutions in China in 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 8 031 cases of early-onset pre-eclampsia and 12 969 cases of late-onset pre-eclampsia. The proportion of high-risk factors, different body mass index (BMI) and age stratification between early-onset group and late-onset group were compared.Results:(1) Univariate analysis of high-risk factors: the proportions of high-risk factors in early-onset group and late-onset group were compared, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Among them, the proportions of primipara and multiple pregnancy in early-onset group were lower than those in late-onset group, while the proportions of pregnant women with advanced age, irregular antenatal examination, obesity, family history of hypertension, pre-eclampsia, diabetes, kidney diseases, immune system diseases and assisted reproductive technology were higher than those in late-onset group. (2) Hierarchical analysis of BMI: the proportion of pregnant women with BMI≥24 kg/m 2 in early-onset group [48.2% (2 828/5 872) vs 45.5% (4 177/9 181), respectively; P=0.001] and the proportion of pregnant women with BMI ≥28 kg/m 2 in early-onset group [19.5% (1 143/5 872) vs 18.0% (1 656/9 181), respectively; P=0.028] were significantly higher than those in late-onset group. (3) Age stratification analysis: the proportion of pregnant women aged 35-39 years in the early-onset group [21.8% (1 748/8 023) vs 17.5% (2 110/12 068), respectively; P<0.01], the proportion of pregnant women 40-44 years old [6.8% (544/8 023) vs 5.4% (648/12 068), respectively; P<0.01], and the proportion of pregnant women ≥45 years old [0.7% (58/8 023) vs 0.5% (57/12 068), respectively; P=0.021] were significantly higher than those in the late-onset group. (4) Multivariate analysis: advanced age (≥35 years old), multiple pregnancy, irregular antenatal examination or transfer from other hospitals, family history of hypertension (including paternal, maternal and parental lines), previous history of pre-eclampsia, kidney diseases, immune system diseases (systemic lupus erythematosus, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome) and assisted reproductive technology pregnancy were the risk factors affecting the severity of pre-eclampsia (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Pregnant women with high risk factors such as age ≥35 years old, BMI ≥24 kg/m 2 before pregnancy, family history of hypertension, history of pre-eclampsia, chronic kidney diseases, immune diseases (mainly including systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid syndrome) and assisted reproductive technology are more likely to have early-onset pre-eclampsia.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 916-920, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910063

ABSTRACT

Diagnosis and treatment of Hill-Sachs combined with Bankart lesions in anterior dislocation of shoulder joint is a major clinical challenge in orthopedics, because it likely leads to a high recurrence rate of redislocation of shoulder joint, a serious damage to the shoulder joint, recurrent shoulder injury and dramatically disturbed quality of daily life. Although various means of clinical diagnosis and treatment are available for the lesions, they all have their own advantages and disadvantages. However, arthroscopic surgery of shoulder has achieved superior curative effects, gradually becoming the first choice and a mainstream treatment. This article reviews the current research progress in pathogenesis, diagnosis and arthroscopic treatment of Hill-Sachs combined with Bankart lesions in anterior dislocation of shoulder joint.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 509-513, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884597

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of GTPBP4 silencing by RNA interference on the radiosensitivity of esphageal cancer EC9706 cells line.Methods:The expression data of GTPBP4 in esophageal cancer tissues was obtained from public Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Recombinant plasmid-mediated RNA interference (RNAi) was employed to transfect the esophageal cancer EC9706 cell to evaluate the influence of GTPBP4 silencing on the proliferation, apoptosis and radiosensitivity of esphageal cancer EC9706 cells. The expression levels of GTPBP4 mRNA and protein and apoptosis-associated proteins of Bax, cleaved caspase-9, cleaved caspase-3 and Bcl-2 were determined by qRT-PCR and Western blot. The cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay. The changes in cell apoptosis were detected AnnexinⅤ-FITC/PI double staining flow cytometry. The variations in radiosensitivity after radiation exposure were assessed by clone formation assay.Results:The expression level of GTPBP4 in the esophageal cancer tissues was significantly higher than that in the normal adjacent esophageal tissues ( P<0.001). qRT-PCR and Western blot demonstrated that the expression levels of GTPBP4 mRNA and protein in the GTPBP4-siRNA group were significantly lower than those in the blank and negative control groups (both P<0.001), suggesting that the plasmid was successfully transfected into the EC9706 cells. MTT assay indicated that the EC9706 cell proliferation rate was significantly inhibited ( P<0.001). Flow cytometry found that the apoptosis rate was significantly increased in the GTPBP4-siRNA group ( P<0.001). After GTPBP4 gene interference combined with radiotherapy, the cell sensitivity enhancement ratio was 1.716. The apoptosis rate of EC9706 cells was significantly increased in the GTPBP4-siRNA group ( P<0.001). The expression levels of apoptosis-associated proteins including cleaved caspase-9, cleaved caspase-3 and Bax were significantly up-regulated, whereas that of Bcl-2 was significantly down-regulated in the EC9706 cells in the GTPBP4-siRNA group ( P<0.001, P=0.001, P=0.001 and P=0.005). Conclusions:GTPBP4 gene is highly expressed in human esophageal cancer tissues. RNAi technology can effectively inhibit the expression of GTPBP4 gene in the EC9706 cells, thereby suppressing cell proliferation, inducing cell apoptosis and enhancing the radiosensitivity of cells.

17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 509-512, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883918

ABSTRACT

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common clinical critical disease, characterized by progressive respiratory distress, intractable hypoxemia, respiratory failure and so on, with high mortality rate and lack of effective prevention and treatment strategies. In recent years, mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) can be used in the treatment of acute lung injury (ALI), which cannot only replace the damaged lung epithelial cells, but also promote tissue repair and alleviate ARDS by secreting anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrosis factors. This review focuses on the related mechanisms and signal pathways of MSC and its paracrine factors in the treatment of ARDS by regulating the balance of macrophage polarization.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 399-403, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between fluoride intake and serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in pregnant women of different gestational periods in endemic fluorosis area.Methods:Pregnant women in Rencheng District, Jinxiang County, Jiaxiang County of Jining City and Yuncheng County of Heze City were selected in April 2020. According to the gestational weeks, pregnant women were divided into early pregnancy group (0 - 12 weeks), middle pregnancy group (13 - 27 weeks) and late pregnancy group (> 27 weeks). The levels of urinary fluoride, ALP, osteocalcin (BGP), C-terminal peptide of β-Ⅰ collagen (β-CTX) and N-terminal propeptide of type Ⅰ collagen (PINP) of pregnant women in each group were measured, and the correlation between urinary fluoride and ALP, BGP, β-CTX, and PINP in pregnant women of different gestational periods was analyzed.Results:A total of 372 pregnant women were selected, including 97 cases in early pregnancy group, 169 cases in middle pregnancy group and 106 cases in late pregnancy group. There was no significant difference in urinary fluoride level between the three groups [(1.20 ± 0.25), (1.23 ± 0.19), (1.24 ± 0.30) mg/L, P > 0.05]. There was significant difference in serum ALP among the three groups ( P < 0.05), among them, the ALP level in early pregnancy was significantly lower than those of middle pregnancy group and late pregnancy group ( P < 0.05), and the ALP level in middle pregnancy was significantly lower than that of late pregnancy group ( P < 0.05). There was no significant differences in serum β-CTX among the three groups ( P > 0.05). There were significant differences in serum BGP and PINP levels among the three groups ( P < 0.05). The serum BGP and PINP levels in late pregnancy group were significantly higher than those of early pregnancy group and middle pregnancy group ( P < 0.05), and there were no significant differences in serum BGP and PINP levels between early pregnancy group and middle pregnancy group ( P < 0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between urinary fluoride and ALP in early pregnancy group ( r = 0.364, P < 0.05), but no significant correlation between urinary fluoride and BGP, β-CTX and PINP ( r = 0.164, 0.117, 0.136, P > 0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between urinary fluoride level and ALP in middle pregnancy group ( r = 0.417, P < 0.05), but no significant correlation between urinary fluoride level and BGP, β-CTX and PINP ( r = 0.127, 0.108, 0.129, P > 0.05). There was no significant correlation between urinary fluoride level and ALP, BGP, β-CTX and PINP in late pregnancy group ( r = 0.179, 0.158, 0.184, 0.149, P > 0.05). Conclusions:The urinary fluoride level of pregnant women in endemic fluorosis area is relatively stable in gestational period. The urinary fluoride level affects the ALP secretion of pregnant women in early and middle pregnancy. It is still necessary to strengthen the measures of improving water quality and defluoridation to reduce the impact of excessive fluoride intake on pregnancy complications in endemic fluorosis area.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1006-1011, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827170

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of soluble B7-H3 (sB7-H3) in patients with secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH).@*METHODS@#The plasma samples of 85 newly diagnosed sHLH patients from December 2012 to April 2018 were collected. The patients were divided into lymphoma-related HLH(LHLH)group and infection-related HLH(IHLH)group. The expression of sB7-H3 in plasma was detected by ELISA, and the clinical data were collected for analysis. Fifteen healthy people were chosen as control group.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of sB7-H3 in lymphoma-related HLH and infection-related HLH group significant increased as compared with the control group, (P<0.05), and the expression level of sB7-H3 in lymphoma-related HLH group was significant higher than that in infection-related HLH group [(35.75± 9.90) vs (28.70±8.95) ng/ml)] (P<0.001). There were no significant statistical difference in the expression of some clinical factors (including age, fever, splenomegaly, ANC, Plt, FIB, calcium ion, serum albumin, LDH, serum ferritin, sCD25) in lymphoma-related HLH and infection-related HLH group (P>0.05). The evaluation of expression and significance of sB7-H3 in sHLH by using ROC curve, showed that the area under ROC curve comparison of patients in lymphoma-related HLH group and infection-related HLH group was 0.718 (95% CI 0.610-0.810) (P=0.0002), and predicting the sensitivity and specificity of the lymphoma-related HLH patients were 77.36% and 59.38%, respectively. The best cut-off value of patients in sB7-H3 was 29.81 ng/ml, the overall survival time of sB7-H3 high-expression group (≥29.81 ng/ml) was significant shorter than that in low-expression group (<29.81 ng/ml) (24 vs 440 d) (P<0.001). The clinical factors affecting the survival status of sHLH patients were neutrophils, albumin, serum ferritin, serum calcium ions and sB7-H3 levels.@*CONCLUSION@#sB7-H3 associates with poor prognosis of sHLH patients, and may be involved in disease progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Lymphoma , ROC Curve
20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1269-1272, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867005

ABSTRACT

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common clinical critical disease, with a high mortality. The imbalance of alveolar macrophage (AMs) polarization plays an important role in the occurrence and development of ALI inflammation. The study of the regulation mode and mechanism of macrophage polarization can provide more theoretical basis for clinical prevention and treatment of ALI. In recent years, it has been found that epigenetics and immune metabolic microenvironment can affect the macrophage polarization and the immune inflammatory response of ALI. In this review, the progress of macrophage polarization, epigenetics and immune metabolism regulating macrophage polarization, the relationship between macrophage polarization and ALI were summarized, so as to clarify the effect and significance of regulating macrophage polarization on ALI, and provide new ideas for the prevention and treatment of ALI in clinic.

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