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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906473

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Huayu Jiedu prescription (HYJDP) on gut microbiota and fecal metabolites in mice with endometriosis. Method:Normal female C57BL/6J mice were divided into normal control group (CO), endometriosis group (EM) and Chinese medicine Huayu Jiedu decocotion group (CM). CO and EM groups received normal saline and CM group received HYJDP by intragastric administration. Untargeted metabolomics method was used to detect metabolites in fecal supernatant of mice, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to screen the differential metabolites, 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing was used to detect the gut microbiota, and Spearman correlation coefficient was used to represent the degree of correlation between differential metabolites and intestinal flora. Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) in intestinal wall tissue, serum and peritoneal lavage fluid were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expression of Vimentin and E-cadherin in ectopic lesions was detected by immunohistochemistry. Result:HYJDP alleviated the disorders of fecal metabolites and gut microbiota in EMS mice, especially with the recovered levels of homoveratric acid, melilotoside C and physapubescin in fecal supernatant. In the comparison of these three factors between EM group and CO group as well as between EM group and CM group, the variable important in projection (VIP) value was both above 2, and AUC in ROC analysis was both >0.9. As compared with EM group, HYJDP restored the abundance of species such as <italic>Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group</italic>, <italic>Lactobacillus</italic> and <italic>Blautia </italic>(<italic>P</italic><0.05). In addition, the level of LPS in peritoneal fluid supernatant of EM group was significantly higher than that of CO group (<italic>P</italic><0.05) and CM group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The protein expression of vimentin and E-cadherin in endometriosis decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:HYJDP which can improve the intestinal environment and reduce the level of LPS in mice with endometriosis, is an effective drug for the treatment of endometriosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the gastroscopy treatment technology in a Children′s Medical Center based on the diagnosis-related groups(DRG) and put forward suggestions for resource optimization.Methods:The data of the front pages of medical records of 22 medical institutions in a Children′s Medical Center in 2018 were divided into DRG groups. The patients in gastroscope treatment operation group(GK3)were selected, and the disease diagnosis, operation and payment methods of the patients in this group were analyzed.Results:Of the 22 medical institutions, 16 had GK3 group cases, and the number of cases was significantly different, ranging from 2 to 917. Among them, the institution with code M was characterized by multiple endoscopic treatment of esophageal stricture, but most other institutions rarely carried out the treatment of esophageal stricture. In GK3 group, the main payment method of children in Institution M with the highest constituent ratio was at one′s own expense, followed by non-local medical insurance. The main payment type of O and P institutions with the second and third constituent ratio was local medical insurance.Conclusions:The gap of the technology of gastroscopy in the treatment of esophageal stricture is large in all institutions. The high-quality medical resources can be sunk through the construction of pediatric medical alliance, and the gap between the regional medical technology can be continuously leveled.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912701

ABSTRACT

Collaborative development among medical practice, education and research is a strategic decision of the country in disciplinary development guided by the innovation-driven strategy. In October 2017, Beijing Hospitals Authority organized 18 tertiary hospitals with pediatrics discipline and founded a collaborative development center for pediatrics. This center operated in a model featuring both leadership of due authorities and autonomous administration. Two of the specialized pediatrics hospitals work as leading units, and existing high quality pediatrics resources of the member hospitals were pooled to establish an academics committee and an executive committee. A development system was established with disciplinary construction as the focus, collaborative development as the goal and horizontal collaboration as the means. It was designed to explore a new model featuring overall planning and standardized management of the discipline, building of a shared platform for clinical capacity development, joint development of continued medical education and talent cultivation, as well as diversified and multi-centered research and platform resources sharing. This model can effectively promote the overall development level of pediatrics in Beijing municipal hospitals.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912620

ABSTRACT

Objective:Explore the " project-talent-base" combining international science and technology cooperation management model and mechanism through summarizing the practical experience of a tertiary pediatric hospital in Beijing in recent years, to provide reference for strengthening the hospital′s international science and technology cooperation.Methods:Main problems existing in the management of international science and technology cooperation in domestic medical institutions are analyzed, and management methods of international science and technology cooperation adopted by the hospital are classified through policy sorting, literature research, summarization and classification.Results:The hospital has established an efficient and high-quality international science and technology cooperation management model mainly through four aspects: improving the international cooperation management system, enriching international cooperation and exchange projects, building different types of international science and technology cooperation platforms, and strengthening personnel training.Conclusions:Under the background of the globalization of science and technology and the accelerating pace of scientific research in China, improving the hospital′s international science and technology cooperation management model will effectively promote the introduction of international advanced technologies and concepts, and enhance the overall science and technology innovation capabilities and discipline construction.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912574

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the hospital-institute integration mode based on project cooperation.Methods:Focusing on the management innovation of clinical and basic scientific research cooperation mode, the method of hospital-institute integration mode based on project cooperation and the key points in practice were discussed, to develop better understandings of the construction and development such mode.Results:Several key points of developing hospital-institute integration mode based on project cooperation were proposed. Main measurements adopted including the integration of scientific research and clinic service, comprehensive construction of management concept, scientific research capacity, teaching organization and service concept, cultivation of high-level research talents, construction of research departments, according to which formed the main structure of the hospital. Furthermore, it is important to change the development mode in time to promote the healthy development of the hospital.Conclusions:It is a new direction of the clinical and basic research cooperation innovation to encourage the hospital-institute integration mode based on project cooperation. It is also an effective strategy to promote the improvement of diagnosis and treatment level under the new medical reform situation.

6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 103-114, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878240

ABSTRACT

Natural killer (NK) cells are the main immune cells at the maternal-fetal interface and accumulate in the uterine decidua in early pregnancy. Many studies have shown that NK cells at the maternal-fetal interface have unique phenotypes and play critical roles in various processes, including immune tolerance during pregnancy, decidualization, invasion of trophoblasts, remodeling of the uterine spiral artery, formation of the placenta and growth of embryo. However, specific functions of NK cells and their mechanism remain to be fully elucidated. This review summarizes the research progress of NK cells at the maternal-fetal interface and their roles in the pregnancy-related disorders in recent years. The aims of this review are to gain deep insight of the function of NK cells at the maternal-fetal interface and provide new ideas for intervention of pregnancy-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Decidua , Female , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Maternal-Fetal Exchange , Placenta , Pregnancy , Trophoblasts , Uterus
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864246

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features, treatment and outcomes of cervical neuroblastoma (NB) subjected to multi-disciplinary treatment.Methods:The clinical features of cervical NB patients who were admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from February 2015 to October 2018, were retrospectively analyzed.The tumor makers [lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), neuron-specific enolase(NSE), urine homovanillic acid/creatinine(HVA/Crn), and urine vanillyl-mandelic acid/creatinine(VMA/Crn)], index of tumor burden(KTB), bone marrow examination, histopathologic types, N- MYC, gene amplification and 11q23 depletion type, staging and grouping, treatment and outcomes were analyzed.Follow-up was ended on March 31 st, 2019. Results:The 13 cervical NB patients aged from 1 month to 47 months (median age: 10 months), and 8 patients (61.5%) were younger than 18 months old.The course of disease ranged from 0.5 to 24.0 months (median course: more than 1 month). Seven patients (53.8%) presented with cervical masses.According to International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS), 8 patients (61.5%) were identified as stage Ⅱ, 3 patients (23.1%) as stage Ⅲ, and 2 patients (15.4%) as stage Ⅳ.There were 8 patients (61.1%) at low risk, 4 patients (30.8%) at intermediate risk, 1 patient (7.7%) at high risk.As for the laboratory examinations, LDH was increased in 7 patients (53.8%), and normal in 5 patients (38.5%). NSE was increased in 9 patients (69.2%), and normal in 4 patients (30.8%). Urine VMA/Crn was increased in 5 patients (38.5%), and normal in 8 patients (61.5%). HVA/Crn was increased in 8 patients (61.5%), and normal in 5 patients (38.5%). KTB was increased in 5 patients (38.5%), and normal in 5 patients (38.5%). No NB cell was detected in bone marrow of 13 patients.The pathologic type was NB in 9 patients (69.2%), and ganglioneuroma in 4 patients (30.8%). N-MYC gene amplification and 11q depletion were not detected.All the 13 patients accepted regular chemotherapy, radiotherapy and primary tumor resection in accordance with the staging and clinical risk grouping.The range of follow-up time was 5 to 48 months (median: 24 months). All of the patients fi-nished their treatment and were followed up regularly.Nine patients (69.2%) achieved complete remission, 4 patients (30.8%) achieved partial remission, and none of the patients had progression of disease.Conclusions:Cervical NB subjected to multi-disciplinary treatment has a smaller age at admission, mostly presented with cervical masses and rarely accompanied with distant metastasis.They are mostly at low risk or intermediate risk, and can achieve good outcomes after regular treatment.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1900-1907, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827897

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Total and differential white blood cell counts are important for the diagnostic evaluation of suspected diseases. To facilitate the interpretation of total and differential white blood cell counts in pediatric patients, the present study investigated age-dependent changes in total and differential white blood cell counts in healthy reference children.@*METHODS@#Data were obtained from the Pediatric Reference Intervals in China study (PRINCE), which aims to establish and verify pediatric reference intervals for Chinese children based on a nationwide multicenter cross-sectional study from January 2017 to December 2018. Quantile curves were calculated using the generalized additive models for location, shape, and scale method. The 2.5th, 50th, and 97.5th quantile curves were calculated for both total and differential white blood counts. Percents of stacked area charts were used to demonstrate the proportions of differential white blood cells. All statistical analyses were performed using R software.@*RESULTS@#Both 50th and 97.5th quantiles of total white blood cell count and monocyte count were highest at birth, then rapidly decreased in the first 6 months of life; relatively slow reduction continued until 2 years of age. The lymphocyte count was low during infancy and increased to its highest level at 6 months of age; it then exhibited moderate and continuous reduction until approximately 9 years of age. The pattern of neutrophil count changed with age in a manner opposite to that of lymphocyte count. Besides, there were two inter-sections of lymphocyte count and neutrophil count during infancy and at approximately 5 years of age, based on locally weighted regression (LOESS) analysis. There were no apparent age-related changes in eosinophil or basophil counts.@*CONCLUSION@#These data regarding age-related changes in total and differential white blood cell counts can be used to assess the health of pediatric patients and guide clinical decisions.

9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 148-156, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827073

ABSTRACT

The adrenal gland is an important endocrine organ of human body. CYP11B1 gene was specifically expressed in the zona fasciculata in adrenal cortex. In order to better study the function of genes specifically expressed in the zona fasciculata in adrenal cortex, the mice with Cre recombinase specifically expressed in the zona fasciculata in adrenal cortex were constructed. It was then confirmed that CYP11B1 was specifically expressed in adrenal glands. Then, using CRISPR/Cas9 technique, CYP11B1-2A-GfpCre recombinant vector was constructed and subsequently injected into the fertilized eggs of mice. It was confirmed that the Cre gene was mainly expressed in the zona fasciculata in adrenal cortex of CYP11B1Cre mice by using mTmG and LacZ staining. The CYP11B1Cre mice were then mated with cystathionine γ-lyase (CTH) mice, thereby generating CTH/CYP11B1Cre mice. It was also confirmed that CTH gene in the zona fasciculata in adrenal cortex was specifically knocked out in these mice. These results suggest that transgenic mice with specific Cre recombinase expression in the zona fasciculata in adrenal cortex were constructed successfully. This animal model can be a powerful tool for the study of the function of genes expressed in the zona fasciculata in adrenal cortex.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex , Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Cystathionine gamma-Lyase , Genetics , Integrases , Genetics , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Zona Fasciculata
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876779

ABSTRACT

@#The cooking process may emit toxic compounds and airway irritants from both the fuel combustion and cooking fumes which is harmful to the respiratory health among the restaurant workers. A cross-sectional study of 243 restaurant workers from the selected restaurants in Sungai Long, Malaysia was conducted. The standardized British Medical Research Council questionnaire on Respiratory Symptoms (1986) was used during the interview to access the symptoms and the spirometry test was performed to evaluate the pulmonary functions of the participants. The data of socio-demography and occupational characteristics were also collected. The most complaint respiratory symptoms by the restaurant workers were breathlessness, which accounted for 33.7%, followed by wheezing (14%). The mean values of all pulmonary function tests (PFT) of the restaurant workers were within the normal range (>80%), except for the Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) (79.09%). The results of the bivariate statistical analysis, Chi-square, ANOVA and t-test, showed the determining factors of the respiratory health among the workers were workers’ age and gender in addition to the working duration and the ethnicity. The restaurant workers in Sungai Long were at risk of developing respiratory symptoms and lower pulmonary function values due to prolonged exposure to cooking fumes. Emphasis should be given to the safety and health of restaurant workers and health education should be provided to the restaurant workers and owners. Strategies to increase notification of such occurrences among these workers should be looked into by related agencies in the country.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872393

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the basic information and implementation of medical assistance for children of illness-caused poverty families.Methods:From March through September 2019, a customized questionnaire was used to collect by means of both field survey and on-site verification, the information of the sick children from such families registered on file from 17 counties in 6 provinces. These counties were the first to carry out the assistance pilot work under " Chinese Children Poverty Alleviation by Healthcare Program" . The data so acquired were subject to descriptive analysis.Results:A total of 312 questionnaires were recovered, and the median age of these child patients was 8.54 years. Diseases causing family poverty were mostly those in the circulatory system, nervous system, neoplastic disease of childhood and hematological disease, while unaffordability of medical bills ranked the top challenge when they seek medical services. Hierarchical diagnosis and treatment was made for 251 children: 193(76.89%)of them could be admitted to provincial or lower medical institutions, 43 children needed chronic disease management, and 15 children needed to be admitted by the National Children′s Medical Center for further diagnosis.Conclusions:The assistance for such families in poverty-stricken areas can be upgraded, by such means as disease prevention publicity and education, publicity of healthcare poverty alleviation policy awareness, improvement of medical competency of primary medical institutions and rational application of medical resources.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872381

ABSTRACT

Establishing a targeted and suitable professional healthcare training model for pediatricians at primary level and exploring an effective, sustainable and innovative strategy for talent training are required in caring for children at large. The current study explored the methods and efficacy of " apprenticeship" mode originated from traditional Chinese medicine practice in primary pediatricians training. It is suggested that based on the framework of pediatric alliance, the " apprenticeship" mode could establish a fixed and precise one-to-one teaching mode in a short period, form a close, standard and persistent training system for talented pediatricians, thus effectively improving primary pediatric health care service.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 13-18, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798571

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the endothelial function in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome(OSAS) children and to identify related factors of endothelial dysfunction.@*Methods@#This was a cross-sectional study. Children with habitual snoring (snoring ≥3 nights per week) admitted to the ward of otolaryngology, head and neck surgery, Beijing Children′s Hospital were recruited to this study between 1st June 2015 and 1st March 2016. All children aged 3 to 11 years and of them 245 were boys and 110 were girls. All subjects underwent an overnight polysomnography (PSG), as well as endothelial function testing. All subjects were grouped into primary snoring (PS) and OSAS group according to the obstructive apnea hypopnea index (OAHI). T test or Wilcoxon test were used to compare the differences in PSG results between the two groups, and univariate and multivariate correlation analyses were used to explore the relevant factors affecting the endothelial function.@*Results@#A total of 355 subjects were enrolled and 248 had OSAS, and 107 had PS. There were no significant differences in age, gender and body mass index (BMI) Z-score between the two groups (all P>0.05). OSAS group had higher OAHI, oxgen desaturation index and respiratory related arousal index (5.2 (2.2, 13.2) vs. 0.4 (0.1, 0.7), 4.1 (2.0, 13.1) vs. 0.5 (0.1, 1.0), 2.5 (1.0, 4.8) vs. 0.4 (0.1, 0.9), Z=-14.957, -11.790, -10.378, all P<0.01), and lower minimum oxygen saturation and reactive hyperemia index (RHI) than those of PS (0.89 (0.85, 0.92) vs. 0.94 (0.91, 0.95), 1.2±0.2 vs. 1.1±0.1, Z=-9.337, t=5.354, P<0.01). Univariate regression analysis showed that RHI was linearly correlated with age (parameter estimate=0.017, P<0.01), gender (parameter estimate=0.065, P<0.01), OAHI (parameter estimate=-0.023, P<0.01), oxygen desaturation index (parameter estimate=-0.019, P<0.01), respiratory related arousal index (parameter estimate=-0.031, P<0.01), and oxygen saturation nadir (parameter estimate=0.067, P=0.045). The relationship between BMI Z-score and RHI was quadratic. Multivariate regression analysis showed that age (parameter estimate=0.015, P<0.01), BMI Z-score (parameter estimate=0.040, P<0.01), BMI Z-score quadratic form (parameter estimate=-0.010, P<0.01), respiratory related arousal index (parameter estimate=-0.020, P<0.01) were independently correlated with RHI.@*Conclusions@#Children with OSAS have significant endothelial dysfunction compared with PS. Frequent arousals due to obstructive respiratory events during sleep may be a candidate risk factor for endothelial dysfunction in children with OSAS.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805515

ABSTRACT

More than seventy percent of lymphatic malformations (LMs) occur in head and neck region. The management of head and neck LMs is challenging,especially for diffuse and infiltrative cases.It can cause deformity and death in severe patients. Surgical resection is the main method to treat LMs in the past and sclerotherapy has also greatly improved the treatment out come of LMs over the past 20 years. However, it is still hardly to achieve satisfactory prognosis for the patients with extensively infiltrative lesions, regardless of surgical resection or sclerotherapy. In the past five years, some scholars have made a preliminary exploration of new treatment methods, such as oral medicine, to diversify the treatment options of head and neck LMs. This article will review the general situation, biological properties, clinical characteristics, diagnostic methods, and current treatment strategies for LMs as well as trends in management of LMs.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805507

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the sleep quality of children in Beijing and to analyze the related factors.@*Methods@#The data were collected from the survey of 3-14 years old children in 7 urban districts of Beijing in 2015. By using multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method, 26 kindergartens and primary and secondary schools in 7 districts and counties, including Xicheng, Chaoyang, Changping, Shunyi, Fangshan, Huairou and Mentougou, were randomly selected, with a total of 11 420 children. Children′s sleep status was investigated with Children′s Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ), and the proportion of children with sleep quality problems when the PSQ score was greater than 7. Various sleep related factors were investigated with self-made questionnaire. A multilevel model was used to analyze the relationship between PSQ score and related factors.@*Results@#The average PSQ score of the children was 3.60±2.69. The proportion of children with sleep quality problems was 8.87%(816/9 198). Multilevel model analysis showed that the younger the children, the higher the PSQ score (<6 years old vs. 6~12 years old vs. >12 years old: 3.94±2.58 vs. 3.58±2.66 vs. 3.30±2.84, F=33.015, P<0.001); male PSQ score higher than female (3.89±2.75 vs. 3.30±2.60, t=10.560, P<0.001); and snoring, obesity, father/mother snoring, playing games before bed, surfing the internet, eating and other factors were statistically related to PSQ.@*Conclusions@#Sleep quality of children in Beijing should not be neglected, especially preschool children with high PSQ scores. Parents should pay attention to children′s snoring problems and try to reduce some pre-sleep behaviors that may affect sleep quality.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800877

ABSTRACT

Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region is the " Capital Circle Area" in China, holding a strategic position and importance. The authors analyzed the medical and health service bottlenecks problems incurred by the shortage and unequal distribution of pediatric medical resources to be solved urgently. On such basis, this article introduced the experience of Beijing Children′s Hospital in a top-level design targeting at building a collaborative integrated health service system to meet children′s health requirements. The hospital created four types of proactive medical collaborative innovation, including a managed type, collaborative development type, technical support type and medical alliance type, aiming at providing a diversified Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Integration proactive medical service model. These efforts are designed to relieve the structural setback of supply and demand of pediatric medical services and better children′s health and families′ welfare.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800407

ABSTRACT

For a long time, the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric thyroid nodules and cancer (PTNC) are mainly referred to adults. In recent years, it has been found that there are great differences between PTNC and TNC in adults. In 2015, the American Thyroid Association released the first Management Guidelines for Children with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer. In the guidelines, the characteristics of PTNC were described, and clear management strategies were provided. In this paper, we mainly interpret the surgical part of the guidelines and also review the associated research progress in recent years.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800400

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the snoring status and related family factors of children from 3 to 14 years old in Beijing.@*Methods@#From May to July, 2015, data of children from 3 to 14 years old were obtained from a status survey from 7 districts(Xicheng, Chaoyang, Changping, Shunyi, Fangshan, Huairou and Mentougou) in Beijing. A total of 11 420 children from 25 primary and middle schools were randomly selected. Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) and a self-administered questionnaire were carried out for the adopted children. Self-administered questionnaire included the snoring related family factors. Logistic regression was used to estimate the odd ratio(OR) with 95% confidence intervals for variables.@*Results@#A total of 9 198 children meet the inclusion criteria and are analyzed in the study, of whom 901 (9.80%) were found with snoring behavior. The incidence of boys is higher than girls. Obese children take higher risk of snoring. Compared with younger children (≤6 years old), older children (≥12 years old) have a significantly lower risk of snoring (OR=0.464, 95%CI 0.368-0.585). There is no statistical association between full-term infants, infant feeding pattern, parental cigarette smoking and child snoring.The children with family history of snoring have a significantly higher risk of snoring occurrence. The educational background of mother is statistically related to children snoring (OR=1.241, 95%CI 1.058-1.457).@*Conclusions@#The incidence of children snoring in Beijing is 9.80%, male gender, obesity, and young age are all risk factors for children snoring. There is a significantly statistical relationship between snoring and related family factors, such as family snoring history and education experience.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743506

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the short-term efficacy in children with head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma (HN-RMS) treated by multidisciplinary therapy,and to analyze the prognostic factors,so as to guide the diagnosis and treatment.Methods Patients with HN-RMS admitted at Hematology Oncology Center of Beijing Children's Hospital (BCH),Capital Medical University between December 2012 and May 2017,were included in this case-observation study.The clinical characteristics were analyzed and the treatment effect and prognostic factors were summarized.Results A total of 48 cases were collected,including 36 boys and 12 girls,with a median age of 4.6 years.Primarysite parameningeal RMS(PM-RMS) (34 cases,70.8%),orbital (2 cases,4.2%) and non-orbital,non-parameningeal region(12 cases,25.0%) were found.Twenty cases belonged to alveolar type(41.7%),and 28 cases were of embryonaltype(58.3%).The diameter of the tumor was >5 cm(n =25,52.1%),and ≤5 cm(n =23,47.9%).IRS staging:there were 29 cases(60.4%) of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ,19 cases (39.6%) of stage Ⅳ;29 cases (60.4%) of low-medium risk,and 19 cases (39.6%) of high risk.Twenty-three patients (47.9%) received surgery,and 25 cases (52.1%) received biopsy only.All patients (48 cases) received systemic chemotherapy.Twenty patients (41.6%) received external radiation,15 cases (31.3%) received 125I particle implantation,6 cases (12.5%) received proton therapy,but 3 cases (6.2%)did not receive radiation.The follow-up time lasted 13-57 months[(24.1 ± 12.3) months].The 2-year overall survival(OS) rate was (66.4 ± 7.2)%,and 2-year event free survival (EFS) rate was (59.9 ± 7.5) %.Patients with tumor diameter ≤ 5 cm had higher OS and EFS than patients with tumor diameter >5 cm [2-year OS (87.4±6.8)% vs.(42.9 ±6.8)%,2-year EFS (78.8 ±8.6%) vs.(38.5 ±10.8)%],and the differences were statistically significant (all P =0.006).Patients with orbital and non-orbital,non-parameningeal RMS had higher OS and EFS than PM-RMS [2-year OS 100% vs.(87.5% ± 11.7) % vs.(57.0 ± 8.8) %;2-year EFS 100% vs.(88.9 ± 10.5)% vs.(51.1 ± 8.9)%],and the differences were statistically significant (P =0.008,P =0.030).Patients who received surgery had higher OS and EFS than those who did not received surgery [2-year OS (80.7±8.8)% vs.(53.3 ± 10.4)%;2-year EFS (71.1 ±10.1)% vs.(49.5±10.4)%],and the differences were statistically significant (P =0.008,P =0.026).COX regression analysis showed tumor diameter > 5 cm was an adverse prognostic factor (OR =4.124,95% CI:1.213-14.025,P =0.023).Conclusions PM-RMS accounted for a high proportion in RMS patients.The primary site and the size of the tumor are the main prognostic factors.Intensive therapy is expected to improve the prognosis of HN-RMS with meningeal invasion.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753140

ABSTRACT

To explore application effect of hospital‐community‐family ternary linkage management in pa‐tients with post‐stroke depression .Methods : A total of 92 patients with post‐stroke depression in our hospital were randomly and equally divided into routine treatment group and linkage management group (receive intervention of hospital‐community‐family ternary linkage management ) , both groups were intervened for three groups .Scores of self‐rating anxiety scale (SAS) ,self‐rating depression scale (SDS) ,36‐Item Short Form Health Survey (SF‐36) and satisfaction for medical service of patients were compared between two groups before and after intervention .Re‐sults : Compared with before treatment , there were significant reductions in scores of SAS and SDS , and significant rise in SF‐36 score and each dimension score of satisfaction for medical service in two groups after three‐month inter‐vention , P=0.001 all ;compared with routine treatment group after three‐month intervention , there were signifi‐cant reductions in scores of SAS [ (41. 10 ± 1.73) scores vs .(38. 22 ± 1. 53) scores] and SDS [ (43. 14 ± 1.93) scores vs.(39. 44 ± 1.85) scores] , and significant rise in SF‐36 score [ (68.35 ± 4.44) scores vs .(87.64 ± 4.36) scores] and each dimension score of satisfaction for medical service of patients in linkage management group , P=0.001 all. Conclusion : Hospital‐community‐family ternary linkage management possesses significant intervention effect on pa‐ tients with post‐stroke depression .It can significantly improve anxiety and depression emotion , quality of life and satisfaction for medical care service in these patients , which is worth extending .

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