Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 143
Filter
1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 351-355, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011381

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the relationship of miR-126 and miR-325 in serum and vitreous with the severity of proliferative vitreoretinopathy(PVR).METHODS: A total of 100 cases(100 eyes)with PVR who were treated in our hospital from October 2019 to October 2022 were selected and retrospectively studied. They were divided into a mild group(42 eyes)and a severe group(58 eyes)according to the degree of retinopathy, and another 30 cases(30 eyes)that underwent vitrectomy without retinopathy due to eye trauma in our hospital during the same period were selected as the control group. Fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression levels of miR-126 and miR-325 in serum and vitreous; ELISA was used to detect the levels of transforming growth factor β(TGF-β), platelet-derived growth factor(PDGF), vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), and tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α)in serum and vitreous; and Pearson's method was used to analyze the correlation between the serum and vitreous levels of miR-126 and miR-325 correlated with the levels of TGF-β, PDGF, VEGF, and TNF-α; Logistic multifactorial analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors for the occurrence of severe PVR.RESULTS: Compared with the control group, miR-126 levels in serum and vitreous of PVR patients were decreased and lower in the severe PVR group than in the mild PVR group(both P<0.05); miR-325 levels were increased and higher in the severe PVR group than in the mild PVR group(both P<0.05). TGF-β, PDGF, VEGF, and TNF-α levels in serum and vitreous were increased in the severe PVR group compared to the mild PVR group(all P<0.05). The miR-126 levels in serum and vitreous of patients with PVR were negatively correlated with miR-325, TGF-β, VEGF, TNF-α, and PDGF levels(all P<0.05), and miR-325 was positively correlated with TGF-β, VEGF, TNF-α, and PDGF levels(all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that miR-325, TGF-β, PDGF, and TNF-α were all independent risk factors for the development of severe PVR in serum and vitreous, and miR-126 was an independent protective factor for the development of severe PVR in serum and vitreous(P<0.05).CONCLUSION: With the aggravation of PVR, miR-126 expression in serum and vitreous decreased while miR-325 expression increased and correlated with TGF-β, TNF-α, VEGF, and PDGF.

2.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 260-266, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995500

ABSTRACT

Objective:Exploring the clinical efficacy of using ultra-thin lobulated anterolateral thigh perforator flap(ALTPF) with retrograde separation of perforating vessels from the superficial and deep junction layer of the superficial fascia to repair large soft tissue defects in the foot.Methods:From August 2021 to November 2022, 8 patients (5 males and 3 females) were admitted to the Second Department of Hand and Foot Surgery, the Affiliated Central Hospital of Dalian University of Technology. The patients were 28 to 52 years old in age. The soft tissue defects were located in dorsal and plantar foot. At the plantar foot, the wound involved the weight-bearing area with explosion of bone, tendon or internal fixtures. The area of soft tissue defects was 6.0 cm × 5.0 cm - 16.0 cm × 8.0 cm, and the sizes of ALTPF were 8.0 cm ×5.5 cm - 18.0 cm × 8.5 cm. Preoperative high frequency CUD combined with CTA angiography were employed to locate the 2 flap perforator vessels. By keeping the perforator vessels at center and according to the soft tissue defect area and the wound shape, an ALTPF with a proper size and shape was designed in anterolateral thigh. The perforator were separated in the boundary layer between superficial and deep fascia, where it helped to obviously thin the flap. After the flap was harvested, it was further lobulated between the 2 perforators into 2 lobes after having confirmed the effective blood supply. Finally the lobulated ALTPF was transferred to covered the defect in foot. Cautions should be taken to ensure that the flap covered the weight-bearing area of foot. All the donor sites were directly sutured. Postoperative follow-up was conducted to observe the survival of flaps and the functional recovery of the reconstructed site, also to evaluate the clinical effect. Postoperative follow-up included outpatient visits and reviews over WeChat or telephone. Recovery of the ankle motor function was evaluated according to the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Societ (AOFAS) ankle-hind foot score scale.Results:All 8 ALTPF survived. Over 6 to 18 months (10.8 months in average) of follow-up, the transferred flaps had good blood supply, soft in texture, with good elasticity and thin in appearance. Appearance and function of donor sites recovered well, except 1 patient who had mild scar hyperplasia. The plantar flap had good abrasion resistance. No flap damage, bleeding or granulation tissue hyperplasia occurred when walking. The mean score of AOFAS ankle-hind foot score achieved 95.6.Conclusion:The application of ultra-thin lobulated ALTPF with retrograde separation of perforating vessels from the superficial fascia at the junction layer for repairing large soft tissue defects in the foot has good clinical efficacy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 47-53, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of phacoemulsification combined with gonioscopy-assisted angle plasty (Phaco-GAAP) for primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) with cataract.Methods:A case series study was carried out.Twenty-five eyes of 22 patients with PACG and cataract were enrolled in Beijing Tongren Hospital from April 2022 to August 2022.All of the patients received Phaco-GAAP surgery.During the operation, viscoelastic-assisted goniosynechialysis was performed at first, followed by a secondary angle plasty for residual peripheral anterior synechiae (PAS) based on the quantified assessment by gonioscopy, and the extent of PAS was recorded intraoperatively.The operated eyes were followed at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after surgery to evaluate intraocular pressure (IOP), PAS range, the number of anti-glaucoma drugs application, operation-related complications, and success rate.The qualified success rate was defined as medicine-controlled IOP ≤21 mmHg after surgery, and complete success rate was defined as IOP ≤21 mmHg without any anti-glaucoma medication.This study complied with the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Ethics Committee of Beijing Tongren Hospital (TRECKY2021-136). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient prior to entering the research cohort.Results:The extent of PAS was [270(225, 360)°], [165(110, 215)°] and [100(35, 175)°] at preoperation, first and secondary angle plasty, respectively, showing a significant difference among them ( χ2 =40.742, P<0.001). The PAS range was significantly reduced at first angle plasty in comparison with preoperation and was significantly reduced at secondary angle plasty in comparison with at first angle plasty (both at P<0.001), and the proportion of the angle PAS range ≥180° decreased from 48% to 24% after second angle plasty.In 13 eyes finished gonioscopy, the PAS range was [240(195, 305)°], [60(25, 182.5)°], [170(120, 275)°]and [180(140, 280)°]at preoperation, at the end of operation, postoperative 1 month and 3 months, respectively, with a significant difference ( χ2 =23.631, P<0.001). The PAS range was significantly smaller at postoperative 1 month, 3 months than that at preoperation (both at P=0.004) and larger than that at the end of operation ( P=0.011, P=0.003). The IOP was (40.19±17.23), (15.80±7.98), (13.89±5.09), (12.80±3.79) and(13.24±2.78) mmHg before operation and 1 day, 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after operation, respectively, showing a significant difference ( F=44.031, P<0.001), and the IOP was significantly reduced after operation (all at P<0.001). The PAS range at the end of operation was positively correlated with preoperation ( rs=0.409, P=0.042). The complete and qualified success rates were 95.8%, 95.8% for postoperative 1 month, 95.8% and 100% for postoperative 3 months, respectively.The primary complication was intraoperative anterior chamber angle hemorrhage, with an incidence of 68%. Conclusions:Phaco-GAAP can intraoperatively quantify PAS range and guide secondary angle plasty, therefore, it is an effective and safe surgical intervention for PACG with cataract.

4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 73-77, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970986

ABSTRACT

Patients with congenital unilateral absence of the vas deferens (CUAVD) manifest diverse symptoms from normospermia to azoospermia. Treatment for CUAVD patients with obstructive azoospermia (OA) is complicated, and there is a lack of relevant reports. In this study, we describe the clinical features and evaluate the treatments and outcomes of CUAVD patients with OA. From December 2015 to December 2020, 33 patients were diagnosed as CUAVD with OA in Shanghai General Hospital (Shanghai, China). Patient information, ultrasound findings, semen analysis, hormone profiles, and treatment information were collected, and the clinical outcomes were evaluated. Of 33 patients, 29 patients were retrospectively analyzed. Vasoepididymostomy (VE) or cross VE was performed in 12 patients, the patency rate was 41.7% (5/12), and natural pregnancy was achieved in one of the patients. The other 17 patients underwent testicular sperm extraction as the distal vas deferens (contralateral side) was obstructed. These findings showed that VE or cross VE remains an alternative treatment for CUAVD patients with OA, even with a relatively low rate of patency and natural pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Male , Vas Deferens/abnormalities , Azoospermia/surgery , Epididymis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , China , Semen
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 322-326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of Miao medicinal crossbow acupuncture therapy as adjuvant treatment for lung cancer pain based on oxycodone hydrochloride extended-release tablet.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with lung cancer pain were randomized into an observation group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (30 cases). In the control group, oxycodone hydrochloride extended-release tablet was given orally, 10 mg a time, once every 12 hours. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, Miao medicinal crossbow acupuncture therapy was applied once every other day in the observation group. The treatment of 14 days was required in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the numerical rating scale (NRS) score, number of break-out pain and Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score were observed in the two groups. The equivalent oxycodone consumption and rate of adverse reactions were recorded, the analgesic effect was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the NRS scores and number of break-out pain were decreased while the KPS scores were increased after treatment in the two groups (P<0.01). After treatment, the NRS score and number of break-out pain in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.01), the KPS score in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05). The equivalent oxycodone consumption of whole course and the rate of adverse reactions i.e. constipation, drowsiness, nausea and vomiting in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). The analgesic effect rate was 93.1% (27/29) in the observation group, which was superior to 63.3% (19/30) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of oxycodone hydrochloride extended-release tablet, Miao medicinal crossbow acupuncture therapy as adjuvant treatment can effectively relieve the pain degree, reduce the number of break-out pain and improve the health status and quality of life in patients with lung cancer pain, enhance the efficacy of medication and reduce its adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cancer Pain , Oxycodone , Quality of Life , Lung Neoplasms , Pain , Acupuncture Therapy , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Lung , Analgesics
6.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 545-550, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mid-term effectiveness of arthroscopic Bankart repair for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 107 patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation who met the inclusion criteria between January 2017 and June 2021 was retrospectively analyzed, and all patients underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair. There were 88 males and 19 females. The age of the primary dislocation ranged from 13 to 48 years (mean, 23.3 years). The number of preoperative dislocations was 2-160 times (median, 7 times). The duration of preoperative instability was 0.2-240.0 months (median, 36.0 months). The mean age at operation was 28.2 years (range, 16-61 years). There were 43 cases of left shoulder and 64 cases of right shoulder. The proportion of glenoid defects in 63 patients was 1.7%-16.1% (mean, 8.1%). MRI showed that none of the patients had rotator cuff tears or shoulder stiffness. The CT three-dimensional reconstruction was performed at 1 day after operation to evaluate the distribution of implanted anchors and the occurrence of glenoid split fracture and whether there were nails pullout at the implant site. The postoperative complications were observed, and the pain and function of the shoulder were evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Rowe score, Constant-Murley score, and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score. The recurrence of instability, the results of apprehension test, the number of patients who returned to preoperative sports level, and the satisfaction rate of patients were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients were successfully operated and were followed up 20-73 months (mean, 41.5 months). All incisions healed by first intention. The CT three-dimensional reconstruction at 1 day after operation showed that the anchors were located at the 2 : 00-5 : 30 positions of the glenoid, and there was no glenoid split fracture or nails pullout at the implant site. At last follow-up, VAS score was significantly lower than that before operation, and Rowe score, Constant-Murley score, and ASES score were significantly higher than those before operation ( P<0.05). Seven patients (6.5%) had recurrence of anterior shoulder dislocation at 23-55 months (mean, 39.9 months) after operation, including 6 cases of dislocation and 1 case of subluxation. At last follow-up, 51 patients (47.7%) returned to preoperative sports level, and 11 patients (10.3%) had a positive apprehension test. The patients' satisfaction rate was 90.7% (97/107). Among the 10 patients who were not satisfied with the surgical effectiveness, 7 patients had postoperative recurrence of instability, and 3 patients felt that they did not return to preoperative sports level.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic Bankart repair has good mid-term effectiveness in patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocations, minimal or no glenohumeral bone defects and low sports need.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Joint Instability/etiology , Arthroscopy/methods , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Recurrence
7.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 509-517, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981624

ABSTRACT

The shoulder joint is the most prone to dislocation in the whole body, and more than 95% of them are anterior dislocation. Improper treatment after the initial dislocation is easy to lead to recurrent anterior dislocation or anterior shoulder instability, and the outcomes following conservative treatment is poor. Anterior shoulder instability can damage the soft tissue structure and bone structure that maintain the stability of shoulder joint, among which bone structure is the most important factor affecting the stability of shoulder joint. Diagnosis should be combined with medical history, physical examination, and auxiliary examination. Currently, three-dimensional CT is the most commonly used auxiliary examination means. However, various bone defect measurement and preoperative evaluation methods based on three-dimensional CT and the glenoid track theory have their own advantages and disadvantages, and there is still a lack of gold standard. Currently, the mainstream treatment methods mainly include Bankart procedure, coracoid process transposition, glenoid reconstruction with free bone graft, Bankart combined with Remplissage procedure, and subscapular tendon binding tamponade, etc. Each of these procedures has its own advantages and disadvantages. For the diagnosis and treatment of anterior shoulder instability, there are still too many unknown, further research and exploration need to be studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder , Joint Instability/surgery , Scapula , Joint Dislocations , Recurrence , Arthroscopy/methods
8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 662-673, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009791

ABSTRACT

Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is the most common genetic cause of human male infertility. However, the effect of the extra X chromosome on different testicular cell types remains poorly understood. Here, we profiled testicular single-cell transcriptomes from three KS patients and normal karyotype control individuals. Among the different somatic cells, Sertoli cells showed the greatest transcriptome changes in KS patients. Further analysis showed that X-inactive-specific transcript ( XIST ), a key factor that inactivates one X chromosome in female mammals, was widely expressed in each testicular somatic cell type but not in Sertoli cells. The loss of XIST in Sertoli cells leads to an increased level of X chromosome genes, and further disrupts their transcription pattern and cellular function. This phenomenon was not detected in other somatic cells such as Leydig cells and vascular endothelial cells. These results proposed a new mechanism to explain why testicular atrophy in KS patients is heterogeneous with loss of seminiferous tubules but interstitial hyperplasia. Our study provides a theoretical basis for subsequent research and related treatment of KS by identifying Sertoli cell-specific X chromosome inactivation failure.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Female , Sertoli Cells/metabolism , Klinefelter Syndrome/genetics , Endothelial Cells , Testis/metabolism , X Chromosome/metabolism , Mammals/genetics
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4765-4784, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011202

ABSTRACT

Inflammation-driven endothelial dysfunction is the major initiating factor in atherosclerosis, while the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Here, we report that the non-canonical stimulator of interferon genes (STING)-PKR-like ER kinase (PERK) pathway was significantly activated in both human and mice atherosclerotic arteries. Typically, STING activation leads to the activation of interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB)/p65, thereby facilitating IFN signals and inflammation. In contrast, our study reveals the activated non-canonical STING-PERK pathway increases scaffold protein bromodomain protein 4 (BRD4) expression, which encourages the formation of super-enhancers on the proximal promoter regions of the proinflammatory cytokines, thereby enabling the transactivation of these cytokines by integrating activated IRF3 and NF-κB via a condensation process. Endothelium-specific STING and BRD4 deficiency significantly decreased the plaque area and inflammation. Mechanistically, this pathway is triggered by leaked mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) via mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), formed by voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1) oligomer interaction with oxidized mtDNA upon cholesterol oxidation stimulation. Especially, compared to macrophages, endothelial STING activation plays a more pronounced role in atherosclerosis. We propose a non-canonical STING-PERK pathway-dependent epigenetic paradigm in atherosclerosis that integrates IRF3, NF-κB and BRD4 in inflammatory responses, which provides emerging therapeutic modalities for vascular endothelial dysfunction.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3930-3944, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011144

ABSTRACT

Interleukin (IL)-17A, a pro-inflammatory cytokine, is a fundamental function in the onset and advancement of multiple immune diseases. To uncover the primary compounds with IL-17A inhibitory activity, a large-scale screening of the library of traditional Chinese medicine constituents and microbial secondary metabolites was conducted using splenic cells from IL-17A-GFP reporter mice cultured under Th17-priming conditions. Our results indicated that some aureane-type sesquiterpene tetraketides isolated from a wetland mud-derived fungus, Myrothecium gramineum, showed remarkable IL-17A inhibitory activity. Nine new aureane-type sesquiterpene tetraketides, myrogramins A-I ( 1, 4- 11), and two known ones ( 2 and 3) were isolated and identified from the strain. Compounds 1, 3, 4, 10, and 11 exhibited significant IL-17A inhibitory activity. Among them, compound 3, with a high fermentation yield dose-dependently inhibited the generation of IL-17A and suppressed glycolysis in splenic cells under Th17-priming conditions. Strikingly, compound 3 suppressed immunopathology in both IL-17A-mediated animal models of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and pulmonary hypertension. Our results revealed that aureane-type sesquiterpene tetraketides are a novel class of immunomodulators with IL-17A inhibitory activity, and hold great promise applications in treating IL-17A-mediated immune diseases.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 673-680, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956491

ABSTRACT

Lateral epicondylitis is a common clinical disease with characteristics of lateral elbow pain, insidious onset and easy recurrence, which can cause forearm pain and decreased wrist strength, seriously affecting patients′ daily life and work. Although there are various treatment methods for lateral epicondylitis with different effects, standard treatments are still lacking nowadays. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has good effects on bone and tendon repair, and is now widely used in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. However, there is a lack of a unified understanding of the technology and specifications of PRP in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. Therefore, the Sports Medicine Branch of the Chinese Medical Association and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Branch of the Chinese Medical Association organized experts in the fields of sports medicine and rehabilitation medicine in China to formulate the "clinical expert consensus on platelet-rich plasma treatment for lateral epicondylitis (2022 version)", and proposed suggestions based on evidence-based medicine mainly from the concept, epidemiology and pathophysiology of lateral epicondylitis, symptoms, signs and imaging manifestations of lateral epicondylitis, PRP concept and application component requirements, quality control of PRP preparation technology, indications and contraindications of PRP in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis, PRP injection in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis, application of PRP in the operation of lateral epicondylitis, related problems after PRP treatment of lateral epicondylitis, evaluation of the results after PRP treatment of lateral epicondylitis, and health and economic evaluation of PRP treatment of lateral epicondylitis, so as to provide guidance for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 123-126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934499

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of the oncoplastic round block technique in surgical management of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM).Methods:From January 2014 to December 2019, a total of 18 patients (24 to 38 years old, 32.2 years in average) with IGM underwent excision of the inflammatory breast mass with oncoplastic round block technique, the postoperative clinical efficacy was summarized and analyzed.Results:All 18 patients with IGM underwent excision of the inflammatory breast mass with oncoplastic round block technique, among them 2 patients underwent round-block reduction surgery of contralateral breast at the same time. The median follow-up duration was 16.1 months (from 6 to 36 months). Incision poor healing occurred in two cases which was cured after dressing change. Recurrence occurred in one case at 6 months after operation, and then cured with conservative measures. No other severe complications occurred. All patients were satisfacted with the results.Conclusions:Application of oncoplastic round block technique in surgical management of IGM may remove more tissue in order to reduce the recurrent rate, and get a better cosmetic results.

13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 760-765, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical value of three-dimensional (3D) visualization technique in laparoscopic D3 radical resection of right colon cancer.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 73 patients with right colon cancer undergoing laparoscopic D3 radical operation in our hospital between May, 2019 and March, 2021. Among these patients, 41 underwent enhanced CT examination with 3D visualization reconstruction to guide the actual operation, and 32 underwent enhanced CT examination only before the operation (control group). In 3D visualization group, we examined the coincidence rate between the 3D visualization model and the findings in surgical exploration of the anatomy and variations of the main blood vessels, supplying vessels of the tumor, and the tumor location, and the coincidence rate between the actual surgical plan for D3 radical resection of right colon cancer and the plan formulated based on the 3D model. The operative time, estimated blood loss, unexpected injury of blood vessels, number of harvested lymph nodes, mean time of the first flatus, complications, postoperative hospital stay and postoperative drainage volume were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The operative time was significantly shorter in 3D visualization group than in the control group (P < 0.05). The volume of blood loss, proportion of unexpected injury of blood vessel, the number of harvested lymph nodes, time of the first flatus, proportion of complications, postoperative hospital stay and postoperative drainage volume did not differ significantly between the two groups (P > 0.05). In the 3D visualization group, the 3D visualization model clearly displayed the shape and direction of the colon, the location of the tumor, the anatomy and variation of the main blood vessels and the blood vessels supplying the cancer, and showed a coincidence rate of 100% with the findings by surgical exploration. The surgical plan for D3 radical resection of right colon cancer was formulated based on the 3D model also showed a coincidence rate of 100% with the actual surgical plan.@*CONCLUSION@#The 3D visualization reconstruction technique allows clear visualization the supplying arteries of the tumor and their variations to improve the efficiency, safety and accuracy of laparoscopic D3 radical resection of right colon cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Flatulence/surgery , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Laparoscopy/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2280-2299, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929398

ABSTRACT

Disturbance of macrophage-associated lipid metabolism plays a key role in atherosclerosis. Crosstalk between autophagy deficiency and inflammation response in foam cells (FCs) through epigenetic regulation is still poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that in macrophages, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) leads to abnormal crosstalk between autophagy and inflammation, thereby causing aberrant lipid metabolism mediated through a dysfunctional transcription factor EB (TFEB)-P300-bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) axis. ox-LDL led to macrophage autophagy deficiency along with TFEB cytoplasmic accumulation and increased reactive oxygen species generation. This activated P300 promoted BRD4 binding on the promoter regions of inflammatory genes, consequently contributing to inflammation with atherogenesis. Particularly, ox-LDL activated BRD4-dependent super-enhancer associated with liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) on the regulatory regions of inflammatory genes. Curcumin (Cur) prominently restored FCs autophagy by promoting TFEB nuclear translocation, optimizing lipid catabolism, and reducing inflammation. The consequences of P300 and BRD4 on super-enhancer formation and inflammatory response in FCs could be prevented by Cur. Furthermore, the anti-atherogenesis effect of Cur was inhibited by macrophage-specific Brd4 overexpression or Tfeb knock-out in Apoe knock-out mice via bone marrow transplantation. The findings identify a novel TFEB-P300-BRD4 axis and establish a new epigenetic paradigm by which Cur regulates autophagy, inhibits inflammation, and decreases lipid content.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 200-205, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928888

ABSTRACT

The chemical characterization analysis of a medical device often results in chemical substances with unknown toxicities. While identification of each individual toxicity could result in a time-consuming hurdle with tremendous labor and financial burden, quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) is of great significance for toxicity risk assessment of such chemical substances. By establishing quantitative relationship between the molecular structures or active groups of similar chemical compounds with their biological activities, QSAR can be utilized to predict the toxicity of such target compounds with significantly reduced cost and time. In this article, the authors generally summarized the mechanisms of QSAR approaches, current applications of QSAR modeling in the field of medical device, an introduction of the characteristics of publicly and commercially-available QSAR software, and briefly explored future trends of QSAR modeling in medical device toxicological risk assessment. The utilization of QSAR would undoubtedly further advance the toxicological risk assessment of medical devices.


Subject(s)
Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship , Risk Assessment , Software
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2296-2303, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928107

ABSTRACT

The continuous cropping obstacle of Gastrodia elata is outstanding, but its mechanism is still unclear. In this study, microbial changes in soils after G. elata planting were investigated to explore the mechanism correlated with continuous cropping obstacle. The changes of species and abundance of fungi and bacteria in soils planted with G. elata after 1, 2, and 3 years were compared. The pathogenic fungi that might cause continuous cropping diseases of G. elata were isolated. Finally, the prevention and control measures of soil-borne fungal diseases of G. elata were investigated with the rotation planting pattern of "G. elata-Phallus impudicus". The results showed that G. elata planting resulted in the decrease in bacterial and fungal community stability and the increase in harmful fungus species and abundance in soils. This change was most obvious in the second year after G. elata planting, and the soil microbial community structure could not return to the normal level even if it was left idle for another two years. After G. elata planting in soils, the most significant change was observed in Ilyonectria cyclaminicola. The richness of the Ilyonectria fungus in soils was significantly positively correlated with the incidence of G. elata diseases. When I. cyclaminicola was inoculated in the sterile soil, the rot rate of G. elata was also significantly increased. After planting one crop of G. elata and one to three crops of P. impudicus, the fungus community structure in soils gradually recovered, and the abundance of I. cyclaminicola decreased year by year. Furthermore, the disease rate of G. elata decreased. The results showed that the cultivation of G. elata made the Ilyonectria fungi the dominant flora in soils, and I. cyclaminicola served as the main pathogen of continuous cropping diseases of G. elata, which could be reduced by rotation planting with P. impudicus.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Fungi , Gastrodia/microbiology , Mycobiome , Soil , Soil Microbiology
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2288-2295, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928106

ABSTRACT

Brown rot is a common disease in the cultivation and production of Gastrodia elata, but its pathogens have not been fully revealed. In this study, the pathogenic fungi were isolated and purified from tubers of 77 G. elata samples with brown rot. Pathogens were identified by the pathogenicity test and morphological and molecular identification. The pathogenicity of each pathogen and its inhibitory effects on Armillaria gallica were compared. The results showed that 119 strains of fungi were isolated from tubers of G. elata infected with brown rot. Among them, the frequency of separation of Ilyonectria fungi was as high as 42.01%. The pathogenicity test showed that the pathogenicity characteristics of six strains of fungi were consistent with the natural symptoms of brown rot in G. elata. The morphological and molecular identification results showed that the six strains belonged to I. cyclaminicola and I. robusta in the Nectriaceae family of Sordariomycetes class, respectively. Both types of fungi could produce pigments, conidia, and chlamycospore, and the growth rate of I. cyclaminicola was significantly higher than that of I. robusta. The comparison of pathogenicity showed that the spots formed by I. cyclaminicola inoculation were significantly larger than those of I. robusta inoculation, suggesting I. cyclaminicola was superior to I. robusta in pathogenicity. The results of confrontation culture showed that I. cyclaminicola and I. robusta could signi-ficantly inhibit the germination and cordage growth of A. gallica. A. gallica also inhibited the growth of pathogens, and I. cyclaminicola was less inhibited as compared with I. robusta. The results of this study revealed for the first time that I. cyclaminicola and I. robusta were the pathogens responsible for G. elata brown rot.


Subject(s)
Fungi , Gastrodia , Plant Tubers , Spores, Fungal , Virulence
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2281-2287, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928105

ABSTRACT

Tuber rot has become a serious problem in the large-scale cultivation of Gastrodia elata. In this study, we compared the resistance of different ecotypes of G. elata to tuber rot by field experiments on the basis of the investigation of G. elata diseases. The histological observation and transcriptome analysis were conducted to reveal the resistance differences and the underlying mechanisms among different ecotypes. In the field, G. elata f. glauca had the highest incidence of tuber rot, followed by G. elata f. viridis, and G. elata f. elata and G. elata f. glauca×G. elata f. elata showed the lowest incidence. Tuber rot showcased obvious plant source specificity and mainly occurred in the buds and bottom of G. elata plants. After infection, the pathogen spread hyphae in host cortex cells, which can change the endophytic fungal community structure in the cortex and parenchyma of G. elata. G. elata f. glauca had thinner lytic layer and more sugar lumps in the parenchyma than G. elata f. elata. The transcription of genes involved in immune defense, enzyme synthesis, polysaccharide synthesis, carbohydrate transport and metabolism, hydroxylase activity, and aromatic compound synthesis had significant differences between G. elata f. glauca and G. elata f. elata. These findings suggested that the differences in resis-tance to tuber rot among different ecotypes of G. elata may be related to the varied gene expression patterns and secondary metabolites. This study provides basic data for the prevention and control of tuber rot and the improvement of planting technology for G. elata.


Subject(s)
Ecotype , Gastrodia/microbiology , Gene Expression Profiling , Plant Tubers/genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 502-506, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909996

ABSTRACT

Pauwels Ⅲ femoral neck fractures in young adults are still challenging in the field of traumatic orthopedics. High risks of nonunion, avascular necrosis of the femoral head and failure of internal fixation can lead to huge social and economic burdens and medical challenges. Therefore, it is necessary for orthopedists to choose the most effective and economic treatment protocols. In recent years, deepening biomechanical research and development of internal fixation instruments have given rise to a series of advances in the treatment of Pauwels Ⅲ femoral neck fractures in young adults all over the world. This review summarizes the principles and current situation in internal fixation of Pauwels Ⅲ femoral neck fracture in young adults, hoping to provide scientific information for those who are concerned in such treatments.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 113-120, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of particle size on density of binary powder mixture of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and to provide reference for formulation design of TCM preparations. Method:Three groups of binary powder mixtures with different particle size ratio (<italic>α</italic>) were constructed, namely Oroxyli Semen-microcrystalline cellulose PH102 (MCC PH102) (<italic>α</italic>=0.071 7), Stellariae Radix-MCC PH200 (<italic>α</italic>=0.158 7) and Angelicae Sinensis Radix-MCC KG802 (<italic>α</italic>=0.840 6). Binary powder mixtures with nine mass ratios (90∶10, 80∶20, 70∶30, 60∶40, 50∶50, 40∶60, 30∶70, 20∶80 and 10∶90) were prepared for each group, and 27 binary powder mixtures containing TCM were obtained. The particle size distribution, density and other parameters of six single materials and 27 binary powder mixtures were characterized. Based on the packing theory and multivariate analysis, the effects of particle size related parameters on the filling structure and density of the binary powder mixtures were elucidated. Result:The <italic>α</italic> of Angelicae Sinensis Radix-MCC KG802 binary mixture system was larger than the replacement rate (<italic>α</italic><sub>r</sub>=0.741 0), and its density had a good linear relationship with the mass ratio, which conformed to the replacement mechanism. The <italic>α</italic> of Oroxyli Semen-MCC PH102 binary mixture system was smaller than the critical ratio (<italic>α</italic><sub>c</sub>=0.154 0), and its density was nonlinear with the mass ratio of components, which conformed to the filling mechanism. The <italic>α</italic> of Stellariae Radix-MCC PH200 binary mixture system was between <italic>α</italic><sub>c</sub> and <italic>α</italic><sub>r</sub>, its density was affected by both of replacement mechanism and filling mechanism. Based on the partial least squares (PLS) model, the variable importance in the projection (VIP) analysis further proved that the mixing mass ratio (VIP value=1.62), <italic>α</italic> (VIP value=1.13) and <italic>D</italic><sub>10</sub> (the corresponding particle size when the particle size distribution accumulated to 10%, VIP value=1.06) were the key factors affecting the density of binary powder mixtures of TCM. Conclusion:In the binary powder mixtures of TCM, the linearity relationship between density and mass ratio is largely depended on particle size difference of components.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL