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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879574

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in the prenatal screening and its role in the system of prenatal diagnosis.@*METHODS@#A total of 22 649 singleton pregnant women who were registered and finally delivered or had induced labor at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Capital Medical University were enrolled. The routes of prenatal screening were analyzed to evaluate the efficacy of prenatal screening. Meanwhile, 9268 pregnant women who underwent invasive prenatal diagnosis procedure were enrolled. The indications and results of prenatal diagnosis were analyzed to evaluate the effectiveness of prenatal screening.@*RESULTS@#60.24% of singleton pregnant women have opted for Down syndrome screening, and their age was mainly under 35. The proportion of women opted for NIPT was 34.74%, and were mainly between 35 and 39. The overall diagnostic rate of trisomy 21, 18 and 13 trisomy for those with high risk by NIPT was 0.89%, which yielded a positive predictive value of 75.71%. For those with moderate risk by serum screening, 0.30% was predicted with a high risk by NIPT. Among women undergoing prenatal diagnosis, 63.04% and 21.22% had the indication of advanced age or high risk by serum screening, and the positive predictive values were 5.1% and 5.13%, respectively. By contrast, 2.30% of women undergoing prenatal diagnosis had a high risk by NIPT, which yielded a positive predictive value of 54.46%.@*CONCLUSION@#With the change of the age composition of pregnant women and increase in the complexity of pregnancy in China, to build a prenatal screening system based on NIPT will be helpful to improve the efficiency of the current system of prenatal screening and diagnosis.


Subject(s)
China , Down Syndrome/genetics , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy 13 Syndrome , Trisomy 18 Syndrome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885972

ABSTRACT

Grid management plays an important role in improving the efficiency of social service management. The authors explored the establishment of a nosocomial infection grid management model and implemented it at a tertiary general hospital in Shanghai. χ2 test results showed that since the hospital fully implemented the grid management model in early 2016, the number of hospital infections, surgical site infections, type I surgical incision infections, and ventilator-related pneumonia had shown a downward trend year by year. The number of inspections before the use of antibacterial drugs, the number of blood cultures submitted for fever patients, and the timing of hand hygiene compliance showed an increasing trend year by year( P<0.05), and the management of nosocomial infection was more effective than the previous period. The application of grid management model required establishment of grid organization structure, control of key links, implementation of the special personnel responsibility, formulation of a performance evaluation system, and implementation of incentive measures. The grid management model can significantly reduce the risk of hospital infection, improve the efficiency of hospital infection management, and was valuable to be applicated and promoted in medical institutions.

3.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 229-231, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885780

ABSTRACT

A patient recovered partial hand functions by 4 reconstructed digits based on a pair of complete defect hands that lost all of 10 digits on March, 2014. The thumbs were reconstructed with bipedal nail flaps combined with iliac bone, the right index finger and left middle finger were reconstructed with the 2nd toes of feet. Bilateral superficial circumflex iliac artery rerforator flaps (SCIPF) were taken to repair the donor areas of feet. According to the DASH-Chinese upper limb function score system, the function of both hands was obviously improved in six and a half years after surgery. The function of both feet was not significantly affected.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885622

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of combining four-channel electrical stimulation with electroacupuncture of the antagonistic muscles in treating post-stroke spastic foot drop.Methods:Ninety stroke survivors with spastic foot drop were randomly divided into a control group, an electrical stimulation group and an observation group, each of 30. In addition to routine rehabilitation training, the electrical stimulation group was given four-channel electrical stimulation for 4 weeks, the electrical stimulation was delivered with a pulse duration of 200μs and an intensity of motor threshold at 30Hz, while the observation group also received electroacupuncture of the antagonistic muscle. Before and after the treatment, the three groups were evaluated using the clinical spasticity index (CSI). Stride frequency, stride length, and the supporting and swing phases on the affected side were also measured. Electromyography (EMG) was also conducted.Results:After the treatment, the average CSI scores of all groups had decreased significantly, with that of the observation group significantly lower than the electrical stimulation group and control group′s averages. The average gait descriptors of the three groups had also improved significantly, with significantly greater improvement in the observation group than in the other two. The average H reflex latency was significantly longer and Hmax/Mmax was significantly smaller in all three groups, but the observation group′s average values were again significantly better than those of the electrical stimulation group.Conclusion:Electroacupuncture of the antagonistic muscle enhances the effectiveness of four-channel electrical stimulation in relieving foot drop symptoms and improving gait after a stroke.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of enriched rehabilitation training on cognitive function, plasma mir-146a-5p microRNA precursor levels and inflammatory factors in persons with post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI).Methods:Fifty-eight persons with PSCI were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each of 29. The observation group was given enriched rehabilitation training, while the control group was provided with conventional cognitive rehabilitation training. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), the Digit Span Test (DST), parts A and B of the Trail Making Test (TMT A-B) and the Modified Barthel Index (MBI) were used to assess the subjects′ cognitive functioning and their ability in the activities of daily living (ADL). Plasma levels of mir-146a-5p, IL-6 and TNF-α were detected before and after the treatment.Results:After treatment, the average MOCA, DST and MBI scores, as well as the average TMT A-B times had improved significantly for both groups. However, the observation group′s averages were significantly better than those of the control group on all three tests. After the treatment, the average plasma expression of miR-146a-5p had increased significantly in both groups, but the increase in the observation group was significantly greater. Plasma IL-6 and TNF-α levels were significantly lower than before the treatment, with the average TNF-α level in the observation group significantly lower than that of the control group.Conclusions:Enriched rehabilitation training can improve the cognition of stroke survivors more effectively than conventional cognitive rehabilitation training. That may be related to the up-regulation of plasma miR-146a-5p and reducing inflammation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 9-15, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885386

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the difference of epileptiform discharges detection in patients with epilepsy between the 25 electrodes electroencephalogram (EEG) system proposed by the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology in 2017 and the previous 19 electrodes EEG system.Methods:Patients suspected of epilepsy or with confirmed epilepsy who need a follow-up EEG were collected in Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from March 2018 to November 2019, and conventional video-EEG recording was performed on all patients for two hours with the standard 25 electrodes EEG system. Two neurophysiologists reviewed the recordings blindly using the 19 electrodes system and the 25 electrodes system, marking the epileptiform discharges and their amplitudes. Finally, the data were statistically analyzed.Results:A total of 403 patients were included in the study, in which 263 cases were diagnosed as epilepsy, including 129 cases of generalized epilepsy, 115 cases of temporal lobe epilepsy, 13 cases of frontal lobe epilepsy, two cases of parietal lobe epilepsy and four cases of occipital lobe epilepsy. In 115 temporal lobe epilepsy patients, 76 (66.09%) and 100 (86.96%) records were detected epileptiform discharges by the 19 or 25 electrodes EEG system respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=13.939, P<0.001). While in patients with non-temporal lobe epilepsy, there was not statistically significant difference between the two systems. In 76 patients whose temporal epileptiform discharges were detected by the two systems, the amplitudes of epileptiform discharges in the newly-added inferior temporal electrodes (F9/F10, T9/T10, P9/P10) and the original temporal electrodes (F7/F8, T7/T8, P7/P8) were (61.53±22.64) μV and (48.25±20.90) μV, respectively, with statistically significant difference between the two groups ( t=5.486, P<0.001). In patients with abnormal [79.59% (39/49) vs 61.22% (30/49), χ2=3.967, P=0.046] and normal [95.45% (42/44) vs 70.45% (31/44), χ2=9.724, P=0.003] imaging, the ability of the 25 electrodes EEG system to detect epileptiform discharges was higher than that of the 19 electrodes EEG system. Conclusion:The 25 electrodes EEG system can significantly improve the detection ability of temporal epileptiform discharges in patients with epilepsy, which is recommended for regular use to increase the detection ability of temporal area abnormal wave and assist the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885254

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of low anterior resection syndrome (LARS)after low anterior resection of rectal cancer (Dixon).Methods:This retrospective study was conducted in Peking University First Hospital and Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Shanxi Provice from Jan 2012 to Jun 2019. A cohort of 504 patients with rectal cancer was enrolled in the study. All the patients underwent anterior resection. The relationship between clinical-pathological data were analyzed retrospectively. Univariate analysis using χ 2 test. Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the influencing factors of LARS, and the Nomogram method was used to score each factors. Results:Univariate analysis showed that BMI≥28 kg/m 2(χ 2=9.450, P=0.002), the distance from the lower edge of the tumors to the anus <6 cm (χ 2=12.070, P=0.001), high ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) (χ 2=8.279, P=0.004), preoperative neoadjuvant therapy (χ 2=11.230, P=0.001), postoperative anastomotic leakage (χ 2=11.840, P=0.001) were associated with severe LARS.Multivariate analysis showed that the distance from the lower edge of the tumors to the anus <6 cm ( OR=1.861, 95% CI: 1.289-2.688, P=0.001), BMI≥28 kg/m 2 ( OR=1.747, 95% CI: 1.022-2.987, P=0.041), high IMA ligation ( OR=1.688, 95% CI: 1.157-2.463, P=0.007), preoperative neoadjuvant therapy ( OR=2.719, 95% CI: 1.343-5.505, P=0.005) were independent risk factors for LARS. Nomogram model showed that the total factor ranged from 2 to 212, and the corresponding risk rate ranged from 30% to 80%. The patients with higher score have greater risk for severe LARS. The area under the predictive power curve of Nomogram model (AUC) was 0.749 (95% CI: 0.705-0.793, P<0.001). Conclusion:Lower tumor location, obesity, preoperative neoadjuvant therapy, high IMA ligation and postoperative anastomotic leakage increase the risk of severe LARS.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 393-394, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885031

ABSTRACT

The incidence of solitary fibroma of seminal vesicle is low, and the source of seminal vesicle is rare. A 38-year-old patient was admitted to hospital because of intermittent gross hematuria for more than one month. Seminal vesicle space occupying lesions can be seen in pelvic MRI. Laparoscopic resection of right seminal vesicle tumor was performed, and the pathological diagnosis tended to solitary fibroma. During the 5-month follow-up, the symptoms of hematuria disappeared and no recurrence.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 23-27, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884952

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the cancer detection rate in patients with multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) PI-RADS 1-2 prior to initial biopsy, and analyze the risk factors of prostate cancer.Methods:A total of 196 patients undergoing initial prostate biopsy between July 2011 and June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to ESUR PI-RADS system, the patients’ PI-RADS score was 1 and 2, with the mean age of 66.6±9.0 years, and the median PSA 7.44 ng/ml. Twenty-eight patients were enrolled with PSA<4 ng/ml but with abnormal directeral rectun examination. The rest 168 patients were enrolled with elevated PSA. According to the Epstein prostate risk classification criteria, clinically insignificant prostate cancer was defined as: PSA density ≤0.15 ng/ml 2, Gleason score≤6, less than 3 positive needles, <50% puncture length. If any of the above is not met, the diagnosis should be clinically significant prostate cancer(CsPCa). T test or Mann-Whitney U test were used for comparison between groups. Risk factors for diagnosis of prostate cancer and CsPCa were analyzed by chi square test(or Fisher’s exact probability method) and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results:There were 42(21.4%) patients diagnosed with prostate cancer, 30(15.3%)patients were CsPCa. The negative predictive value of mpMRI was 78.6%(154/196)for prostate cancer overall, and 84.7%(166/196)for CsPCa. Patients with higher age and PSA density were associated with higher possibility of prostate cancer. Higher age, PSA level, PSA density, and lower PSA ratio were associated with higher possibility of CsPCa. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that PSA density>0.15 ng/ml 2( OR=2.94, 95% CI 1.45-5.95) was independent risk factor of prostate cancer.Ages over 70 years( OR=2.49, 95% CI 1.22-5.07), PSA ratio<0.2( OR=3.70, 95% CI 1.25-11.23), PSA density>0.15 ng/ml 2( OR=5.77, 95% CI 1.96-16.96) were independent risk factors of CsPCa ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The detection rate of prostate cancer was 21.4% in patients with elevated PSA or abnormal digital prostate examination but with PI-RADS score of 1-2. Higher age and PSA density were associated with higher risk of prostate cancer. The detection rate of CsPCa was 15.3%. Ages over 70 years, PSA ratio<0.2, PSA density>0.15 ng/ml 2 were independent risk factors of CsPCa.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884546

ABSTRACT

Stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT), also known as stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR), includes stereotactic radiosurgery and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). This technique has the characteristics of large single fractional dose, few fractions, high equivalent biological doses, and rapid fall off-target doses. It can be implemented by relatively special equipment such as Gamma knife, Cyberknife, Tomotherapy and Vero 4D RT system, etc. In many cases, SBRT technique is employed based on linear accelerators. SRT differs from conventional radiotherapy in terms of the plan design and plan evaluation. Consequently, it is necessary to discuss the differences and provide guidance for clinical application and research.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884527

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and failure patterns of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) on the basis of modern chemoradiotherapy and diagnostic techniques.Methods:In this retrospective study, clinical data of 201 LS-SCLC patients treated with chemotherapy (EP/CE regimens, ≥4 cycles) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2006 to 2014 were reviewed. All patients were primarily managed with concurrent or sequential chemoradiotherapy and achieved complete response (CR) or partial response (PR). Ninety percent of patients were revaluated for brain metastasis (BM) by MRI and 10% by CT scan. Long-term survival and failure patterns were compared between the PCI ( n=91) and non-PCI groups ( n=110). Results:The median follow-up time was 77.3 months (95% CI 73.0-81.5 months). The median overall survival (OS), 2-and 5-year OS rates were 58.5 months, 72.5% and 47.7% in the PCI group, and 34.5 months, 61.7% and 35.8% in the non-PCI group ( P=0.075). The median progression-free survival (PFS), 2-and 5-year PFS rate were 22.0 months, 48.0% and 43.4% in the PCI group, significantly higher than 13.9 months, 34.4% and 26.7% in the non-PCI group ( P=0.002). The 2- and 5-year cumulative incidence of BM were 6.6% and 12.2% in the PCI group, and 30.0% , 31.0% in the non-PCI group ( P=0.001). The median time and rate of BM as an isolated first site of relapse were 11.9 months and 4.4% in the PCI group, and 8.7 months and 25.5% in the non-PCI group ( P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that response after chemoradiotherapy ( P<0.001) and PCI ( P=0.033) were the independent prognostic factors for PFS. Stratified analysis demonstrated that PCI significantly improved the 5-year PFS in patients who achieved CR (72.7% vs. 48.0%, P=0.013), while it did not improve the 5-year PFS in patients who obtained PR (26.1% vs. 20.2%, P=0.213). Conclusion:In the new era of standard chemoradiotherapy and more accurate diagnostic methods for BM, PCI was associated with improved PFS and lower incidence of BM in LS-SCLC patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of implicit memory and its related factors in schizophrenic patients with negative and positive symptoms.Methods:Ninety-three schizophrenic patients (including 52 cases of negative symptoms group and 41 cases of positive symptoms group) and 30 normal controls (normal group) were tested with the method of Chinese character word completion method. The reaction time and correct rate were recorded and compared with analysis of variance and t-test, and the correlation with demographic factors was analyzed with Pearson correlation analysis. Results:Accuracy of implicit memory test in schizophrenia group: there were statistically significant differences in the accuracy of patients with different course of disease (≤5 years: (38±5)%, 5-15 years: (34±8)%, ≥15 years: (34±7)%, P<0.05).The differences were statistically significant in the accuracy of patients with different education levels(primary school: (35±6)%, junior and senior high school: (34±7)%, secondary college education and above: (39±5)%, P<0.05).The accuracy of patients with education years < 10 years ((34±7)%) was significantly lower than those with education years ≥10 years ((37±6)%, P<0.05).Reaction time results of implicit memory test in schizophrenia group : there were significant differences in reaction time of patients with different disease course(≤5 years: (3 248±971)ms, 5-15 years: (3 515±672)ms, ≥15 years: (3 925±842)ms, P<0.05).The differences were statistically significant in the reaction time of workers ((3 495±712)ms), farmers ((3 870±878)ms) and soldiers ((3 024±924)ms, P<0.05).The reaction time of patients with clozapine ((3 869±871)ms) was significantly higher than that of patients with olanzapine ((3 393±626)ms, P<0.05).Intergroup results of accuracy: the accuracy of normal control group ((40±5)%) was significantly higher than that of negative symptom group ((33±7)%, P<0.01).The accuracy of negative symptom group was significantly lower than that of positive symptom group ((37±6)%, P<0.01).Intergroup reaction time results: the reaction time of normal control group ((2 660±667)ms) was significantly lower than that of negative symptom group ((3 678±951)ms, P<0.01) and positive symptom group ((3 072±865)ms, P<0.05).The reaction time of negative symptom group ((3 678±951)ms)was significantly higher than that of positive symptom group( P<0.01).There was significant negative correlation between the accuracy of implicit memory and the course of disease in schizophrenia ( r=-0.22, P<0.05). Conclusion:The implicit memory of schizophrenic patients is related to the course of disease, taking drugs, and occupation.There may have differences in implicit memory between patients with negative and positive symptoms of schizophrenia.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883927

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics that affect the early outcomes of the elderly patients with transient ischemic attack(TIA) and provide the guidance for the prediction of disease recurrence.Methods:From January 2016 to December 2019, 315 TIA patients over 60 years old based on the time-clinical definition who were admitted to the department of neurology in Beijing Shijitan Hospital were divided into recurrence cerebrovascular events group(RCVEs group) and non-recurrence cerebrovascular events group(non-RCVEs group) according to the recurrence at 1 month after onset. The clinical characteristics of the two groups were compared by Logsitic regression analysis.Results:There were 29 cases in the RCVEs group and 286 cases in the non-RCVEs group. Compared to the non-RCVEs group, patients in RCVEs group were more likely have higher prevalence of hypertension history(14/15, 83/203), moderate or severe intracranial artery stenosis(21/8, 132/154), carotid stenosis(22/7, 107/179), DWI positive, motor symptoms, carotid artery stenting and higher times of TIA episodes(2(2, 3), 2(1, 2)), fasting blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin levels(8.86(8.17, 9.56)mmol/L, 5.82(5.27, 6.33)mmol/L). Logistic regression analysis showed that patients in RCVEs group had a DWI positive( B=1.634, OR=5.124, 95% CI: 2.898-9.059, P=0.000) and higher prevalence of moderate to severe stenosis of carotid artery( B=0.572, OR=1.773, 95% CI: 1.050-2.993, P=0.032). Conclusion:DWI positive and moderate to severe carotid stenosis may influence the early poor prognosis in patients with TIA.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882791

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the genetic etiology of a child with epilepsy accompanied by motor retardation.Methods:A patient with epilepsy and motor retardation in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital in January 2020 and his parents′ peripheral blood 2 mL were collected.G-banded karyotyping and array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) were used to analyze the duplication / deletion of chromosome segments in child and her pa-rents.Results:The karyotype of the patient revealed 46, XX, and add(19)(p13.3→qter), whereas aCGH detected a 9.50 Mb duplication at 19q13.33q13.43[arr(hg19)(49593920_59092570)×3]. This region contains 471 genes.No abnormality was discovered in the karyotyping and aCGH analysis of the patient′s parents.The phenotypes of the patient conformed to the previously reported clinical characteristics of 19q13.3 duplication.Conclusions:The de novo 19q13.3 duplication is the cause of epilepsy and motor development retardation for the patient.Combined with aCGH, the traditional G banding is valuable to diagnose the patient with developmental delay.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882360

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) and stroke etiology classification in patients with acute isolated penetrating artery territory infarction.Methods:Patients with first-ever acute isolated penetrating artery territory infarction admitted to the Department of Neurology, the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2017 to May 2020 were enrolled retrospectively. According to the Chinese Ischemic Stroke Subclassification (CISS) system, they were divided into large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) and perforating artery disease (PAD). According to the distribution of infarcts, they were divided into lenticulostriate artery (LSA) territory infarction and paramedian pontine artery (PPA) territory infarction. The demographics, vascular risk factors, baseline clinical data, WMHs location, and Fazekas Scale scores were documented. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent influencing factors of stroke etiology classification. Results:A total of 440 patients with acute isolated penetrating artery territory infarction were enrolled, including 120 (27.3%) in the LAA group, and 320 (72.7%) in the PAD group; 213 (48.4%) with LSA territory infarction, and 227 (51.6%) with PPA territory infarction. The proportion of patients with total Fazekas score 3-6 and periventricular WMHs (PWMHs) score 2-3 in the PAD group was significantly higher than those in the LAA group (all P<0.05). In patients with LSA territory infarction, the proportion of the patients with hypertension, WMHs total Fazekas score 3-6 and PWMHs score 2-3 in PAD subgroup was significantly higher than those in the LAA subgroup, while the proportion of the patients with hyperlipidemia was significantly lower than that in LAA subgroup (all P<0.05). In patients with PPA territory infarction, the levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and homocysteine in the PAD subgroup were significantly lower than those in the LAA subgroup. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that PWMHs score 2-3 was an independent correlation factor of PAD (odds ratio [ OR] 2.220, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.085-4.541; P=0.029). In patients with LSA territory infarction, hyperlipidemia was independently correlated with LAA ( OR 0.432, 95% CI 0.192-0.972; P=0.042), and PWMHs score 2-3 was independently correlated with PAD ( OR 3.846, 95% CI 1.193-12.397; P=0.024). In patients with PPA territory infarction, higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( OR 0.660, 95% CI 0.494-0.883; P=0.005), homocysteine ( OR 0.958, 95% CI 0.930-0.987; P=0.005) and C-reactive protein ( OR 0.987, 95% CI 0.977-0.997; P=0.008) were independently correlated with LAA. Conclusions:WMHs are common in patients with acute isolated perforating territory infarction caused by LAA and PAD, and more severe PWMHs suggest that PAD is more likely to be the cause of the acute isolated perforating territory infarction, especially in patients with LSA territory infarction.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882339

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is a common cause of neonatal death and has attracted more and more attention in recent years.The intestine is the largest reservoir of bacteria in the human body, and it plays an initial role in the occurrence and development of many diseases.The use of antibiotics, feeding methods, delivery methods and gestational age can seriously affect the colonization of neonatal intestinal flora.The recent studies have shown that the imbalance of intestinal flora can activate uncontrolled pro-inflammatory responses and lead to sepsis.The intestinal microecology of neonates with sepsis may have flora disorder, decreased diversity, and flora shift, which can result in a series of pathophysiological changes throughout the body.This article reviews the role of intestinal microecology in the pathogenesis of neonatal sepsis and the influencing factors of intestinal flora.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881043

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a precious treasure of the Chinese nation and has unique advantages in the prevention and treatment of diseases. The holistic view of TCM coincides with the new generation of medical research paradigm characterized by network and system. TCM gave birth to a new method featuring holistic and systematic "network target", a core theory and method of network pharmacology. TCM is also an important research object of network pharmacology. TCM network pharmacology, which aims to understand the network-based biological basis of complex diseases, TCM syndromes and herb treatments, plays a critical role in the origin and development process of network pharmacology. This review introduces new progresses of TCM network pharmacology in recent years, including predicting herb targets, understanding biological foundation of diseases and syndromes, network regulation mechanisms of herbal formulae, and identifying disease and syndrome biomarkers based on biological network. These studies show a trend of combining computational, experimental and clinical approaches, which is a promising direction of TCM network pharmacology research in the future. Considering that TCM network pharmacology is still a young research field, it is necessary to further standardize the research process and evaluation indicators to promote its healthy development.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880827

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of NDUFA13 inactivation in the pathogenesis of spontaneous hepatitis in mice and explore the possible mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Hepatocyte-specific NDUFA13 knockout (NDUFA13@*RESULTS@#Liver-specific NDUFA13 heterozygous knockout mice were successfully constructed as verified by PCR results. HE staining revealed severe liver damage in both 4- week-old and 2-year-old NDUFA13@*CONCLUSIONS@#Hepatocytes-specific NDUFA13 ablation can trigger spontaneous hepatitis in mice possibly mediated by the activation of ROS/NF-κB/NLRP3 signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hepatitis , Inflammasomes , Mice , NF-kappa B/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , Signal Transduction
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880493

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Chinese compound Shensong Yangxin Capsule ( , SSYX) on myocardial microcirculation in myocardial-infarcted rabbits.@*METHODS@#Myocardial infarction (MI) was established in rabbits by ligation of the left circumflex coronary. Thirty rabbits were randomly divided into the control group, the MI group (model), and the MI treated with SSYX group (MI+SSYX) by a random number table method. After 4 weeks of administration, low-energy real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography (RT-MCE) was conducted to assess the microcirculatory perfusion. Immunofluorescence double staining was used to detect the capillary density. The endothelial ultrastructure was observed with a transmission electron microscope. The mRNA expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), endothelin 1 (ET-1), prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) were measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The plasmic levels of ET-1, thromboxane A2 (TXA2), nitric oxide (NO) and von willebrand factor (vWF) were examined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA).@*RESULTS@#SSYX significantly improved the myocardial blood volume, myocardial micro bubble velocity, and myocardial inflow according to the examination of RT-MCE, and it visibly ameliorated the capillary endothelial structure. Furthermore, compared with the MI group, the plasma levels of TXA2, ET-1 and vWF contents significantly decreased in the MI+SSYX group, and the ET-1 mRNA expression levels of myocardium in the border zone significantly decreased, and the VEGF, PGI2 and eNOS mRNA expression levels significantly increased (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SSYX has favorable advantages in ameliorating the impaired myocardial microcirculation following MI. The mechanisms of the effect are related to the ability of SSYX in balancing the endothelial-derived vasodilators and vasoconstrictors, and up-regulating the expression of VEGF and eNOS.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873543

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the safety, feasibility and short-term outcomes of single-direction gastric mobilization under 3D-laparoscopy in minimally invasive esophagectomy for the treatment of esophageal cancer. Methods    From February 2018 to December 2019, 118 consecutive patients who underwent minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in our hospital were included. There were 94 males and 24 females with an average age of 53.7 (41–77) years. They were divided into two groups based on the methods of gastric mobilization: a traditional dissociation (TD) group (n=55) and a single-direction mobilization (MD) group (n=63). The clinical data of the two groups were compared. Results    Enbloc resection and a negative resection margin were obtained in all patients. There was no postoperative mortality or incision complication. The rate of postoperative complications was 22.9%. There was no significant difference in the spleen injury, gastric injury, conversion to open surgery, abdominal reoperation as well as cervical anastomotic leakage between the two groups (P>0.05). It took significantly less time in the MD group compared with the TD group (P<0.05). There was an obvious statistical difference in the incidence of gastric mobilization related complications between the MD group (1.6%, 1/63) and TD group (12.7%, 7/55, P<0.05). Conclusion    Application of single-direction gastric mobilization under 3D-laparoscopy in minimally invasive esophagectomy for the treatment of esophageal cancer is safe and easy to perform with a satisfactory short-term outcome.

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