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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME2) to lymphoma Raji cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Different concentrations of 2-ME2 were used to treat lymphoma Raji cells. CCK8 method was used to detect the effect of 2-ME2 to proliferation of Raji cells. Flow cytometry FITC/PI double labeling method was used to detect early apoptosis of the cells. Western blotting was used to detect the effect of 2-ME2 to the expression of BCL-2, Bax, Caspase-3 and C-myc proteins in Raji cells.@*RESULTS@#2-ME2 significantly inhibited the proliferation of Raji cells. The inhibition rate increased with the increasing of drug concentration, and increased significantly with the prolongation of drug treatment time (r=0.9215). Flow cytometry FITC/PI double staining showed that the apoptotic rate of 2.5 μmol/L 2-ME2 treatment group was (33.79±1.63) %, while the apoptosis rate of the 48 h group was (51.90±2.72) %, and that of the control group was (7.08±0.36) %. After treated with 2.5 μmol/L 2-ME2 for 12 h, the expression of Bax protein was up-regulated, BCL-2 protein was down-regulated, caspase-3 protein expression was up-regulated, and C-myc protein expression was down-regulated, all of them showed a time-dependent relationship.@*CONCLUSION@#2-ME2 shows obvious inhibitory effect on lymphoma Raji cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Its mechanism of treatment on lymphoma Raji cells may be related to up-regulation of Bax/BCL-2 ratio and activation of Caspase-3 to induce apoptosis in cancer cells. Down-regulation of C-myc protein expression also participates in the apoptotic process.


Subject(s)
2-Methoxyestradiol , Apoptosis , Caspase 3/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Lymphoma , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Up-Regulation , bcl-2-Associated X Protein
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862477

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the research progress in new formulations of norcantharidin. Methods The foreign and domestic literature search in the new formulations of norcantharidin was conducted. The research and development of norcantharidin formulations were summarized and commented. Results The drug delivery systems, such as microspheres, nanoparticles, liposomes, and microemulsions, have great development potential as the new formulations for norcantharidin. Conclusion Norcantharidin is an excellent anti-tumor drug. The traditional injections and tablets have serious side effects in clinical application. The new formulations reduced the renal and urinary toxicity and side effects. Those formulations provided better therapeutic effects as target medication. Therefore, the new norcantharidin formulations have great development prospects.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1295-1298, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911006

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the influence of hyperlipidemia on perioperative outcomes of rectal cancer patients.Methods:From June 2016 to June 2019, 86 patients who had received laparotomy or laparoscopic radical resection of rectal cancer at the Department of General Surgery of Nanjing Jiangbei People's Hospital were selected as research subjects.Preoperative blood lipids were measured.Based on lipid levels, patients were divided into the hyperlipidemia group(46 cases)and the normal blood lipid group(40 cases). Operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative recovery outcomes, incidence of anastomotic fistula, and incidences of incision fat liquefaction and incision infections were compared between the two groups.SPSS21.0 was used for data analysis.Results:Compared with the normal lipid group, the operative time of the hyperlipidemia group was significantly longer and the amount of intraoperative blood loss was higher in the hyperlipidemia group, and the differences were statistically significant.Compared with the normal lipid group, the hyperlipidemia group showed a longer time to first postoperative flatus and to first postoperative oral intake, delayed drainage tube removal and ambulation, and longer hospital stays, with statistically significant differences.There were 17 cases of postoperative complications in the hyperlipidemia group(37.0%)and 4 cases in the normal lipid group(10.0%), and the difference was statistically significant( χ2=7.027, P=0.008). Conclusions:Hyperlipidemia has adverse effects on surgical outcomes and postoperative recovery for rectal cancer patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908448

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological features and treatment strategies of intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 40 patients with IPNB who were admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from August 2000 to April 2020 were collected. There were 19 males and 21 females,aged (60±14) years. Patients underwent preoperative imaging examination and blood test for evaluation of tumor location, range and resectability. The treatment strategies of patients depended on preoperative examination and their own willingness. Observation indicators: (1) preoperative examinations and tests; (2) treatment; (3) pathological examination; (4) follow-up. Follow-up using outpatient examination, telephone interview and online diagnosis was performed to detect tumor recurrence and survival of patients up to April 2021. Count data were represented as absolute numbers and percentages. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the cumulative survival rate and draw survivla curve. Results:(1) Preoperative examinations and tests: 40 patients received preoperative imaging examination and blood test. Of 40 patients, 33 cases underwent abdominal ultrasonography, 31 cases underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) examina-tion, 21 cases underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 15 cases underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), 8 cases underwent position emission tomography CT examination, 6 cases underwent endoscopic ultrasonography; some patients underwent multiple examinations. The main imaging features of IPNB were bile duct dilatation, and intraluminal tumor. Enhanced CT scan showed tumor reinforcement. Preoperative blood tests showed of the 40 patients, 21 cases with abnormal liver function, 17 cases with increased bilirubin, 9 cases with increased carcinoembryonic antigen, and 24 cases with increased CA19-9. (2) Treatment: 35 of 40 patients underwent surgery, 5 patients underwent ERCP and biopsy and didn′t undergo surgery based on their willings. Of 35 patients with surgeries,20 cases underwent hemihepatectomy or lobectomy, 8 cases underwent pancreatico-duodenectomy, 7 cases underwent bile duct tumor resection. The operation time was (262±91)minutes, and volume of intraoperative blood loss was 300 mL(range, 50?2 000 mL). Postopera-tive complications occurred in 6 of 35 patients, including 3 cases with Grade Ⅰ complications and 3 cases with Grade Ⅱ complication according to Clavien-Dindo classi-fication system. (3) Pathological examination: 40 patients were diagnosed as IPNB by pathological examinations. There were 19 and 21 patients with extrahepatic and intrahepatic lesions, respectively. There were 20 benign lesions (15 cases of low or intermediate-grade intraepithelial neoplasia and 5 cases of high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia) and 20 malignant lesions of invasive carcinoma. There were 18 cases with mucus secretion and 22 cases without mucus secretion or information. Five of 35 patients with surgeries had positive margin and the rest of 30 patients had negative margin. A total of 154 lymph nodes were dissected in 21 patients, including 3 positive lymph nodes. (4) Follow-up: 35 of 40 patients were followed up for (53±35)months. Seventeen of 35 patients survived without tumor, and 3 patients survived with tumor of which the time to tumor recurrence were 12, 17, 37 months. Fifteen patients died, with the time interval to death of (30±19)months. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year cumulative survival rates of 35 patients were 88.6%, 73.6%, and 50.7%, respectively.Conclusions:IPNB is rare, with the main imaging features as bile duct dilatation, and intraluminal tumor. The tumor is reinforce-ment after enhanced scan. Surgery is the main treatment for IPNB and lymph node metastasis is rare.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the acute toxicities and hepatotoxicities of aqueous extracts of Taxilli Herba from <italic>Morus alba</italic>, <italic>Toxicodendron</italic> <italic>trichocarpum</italic>, <italic>Camellia oleifera</italic>, <italic>Salix babylonica</italic>, <italic>Melia azedarach</italic>, and <italic>Nerium indicum</italic> against zebrafish model and the effect of different hosts on the toxicity of Taxilli Herba, hoping to provide a theoretical basis for the safe use of Taxilli Herba. Method:The normally developed AB zebrafish at 3-day post fertilization was selected for acute toxicity study. According to the results of preliminary toxicity experiments, the zebrafishes were treated with aqueous extracts of Taxilli Herba from different hosts at six doses, and their mortality was calculated 72 h later. GraphPad Prism 6.0 was used for plotting the dose-toxicity curve, followed by the calculation of their median lethal concentration (LC<sub>50</sub>) and 10% lethal concentration (LC<sub>10</sub>). The gz15Tg/+(AB) liver fluorescent protein transgenic zebrafish with normal development at 4-day post fertilization was applied for the hepatotoxicity study. The zebrafishes were divided into the low-, medium-, and high-dose groups of aqueous extracts of Taxilli Herba from six hosts, the positive control (acetaminophen) group, and the blank (embryo amniotic fluid) group, and then treated with the corresponding drugs. Seventy-two hours later, the liver morphology and fluorescent area changes in zebrafish were observed. And the activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were detected. Result:The results of acute toxicity test demonstrated that the LC<sub>50</sub> values of water extracts of Taxilli Herba from <italic>M. alba</italic>, <italic>T.</italic> <italic>trichocarpum</italic>, <italic>C. oleifera</italic>, <italic>S. babylonica</italic>, <italic>M. azedarach</italic>, and <italic>N. indicum</italic> were 1.24, 0.94, 0.51, 0.38, 0.11, 0.09 g·L<sup>-1</sup>, respectively, and the LC<sub>10</sub> values were 0.70, 0.60, 0.35, 0.28, 0.08, 0.07 g·L<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. As revealed by hepatotoxicity test, compared with the blank group, the positive control group exhibited liver morphological changes, decreased fluorescent area (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and elevated ALT and AST activities (<italic>P</italic>< 0.01), suggesting that acetaminophen was hepatotoxic to zebrafish. However, there was no change in the liver morphology or fluorescent area of zebrafish in the low-, medium-, and high-dose groups of water extracts of Taxilli Herba from <italic>M. alba</italic>, and the ALT and AST activities were decreased. By contrast, the liver morphology and fluorescent areas in the medium- and high-dose groups of water extracts of Taxilli Herba from <italic>T.</italic> <italic>trichocarpum</italic>, <italic>C. oleifera</italic>, <italic>S. babylonica</italic>, <italic>M. azedarach</italic>, and <italic>N. indicum</italic> changed to varying degrees (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Besides, the activities of both ALT and AST were also enhanced. These indicated that Taxilli Herba from <italic>M. alba</italic> had no hepatotoxicity to zebrafish, while that from <italic>T.</italic> <italic>trichocarpum</italic>, <italic>C. oleifera</italic>, <italic>S. babylonica</italic>, <italic>M. azedarach</italic>, and <italic>N. indicum</italic> showed varying degrees of hepatotoxicity to zebrafish. Conclusion:The toxicity of Taxilli Herba is host-dependent. Taxilli Herba from <italic>M. alba</italic> has no hepatotoxicity, but that from the other five hosts shows varying degrees of hepatotoxicity. Standardizing the host source may be an important measure to realize the medication safety of Taxilli Herba.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883963

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the status of depression symptoms and related factors of depressive symptoms in middle-aged and elderly disabled people in China and provide references on the preventive cares of depression.Methods:Research data were obtained from the 2018 follow-up data of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study(CHARLS).Disabled people were selected as the research object. The scores of center for epidemiological studies depression scale(CES-D) were used to evaluate depressive symptoms. Fourteen variables derived from the 3 dimensions of demographic characteristics, health status, and health related behaviors were utilized in this study.SAS 9.4 were used for descriptive analysis, univariate analysis and Logistic regression analysis.Results:A total of 1 708 middle-aged and elderly disabled people were included, among whom 932(54.5%)were diagnosed with depressive symptoms, and the score of CES-D was (11.45±7.19).Self-rated poor health, self-rated poor memory, life dissatisfaction, physical pain were the risk factors of depressive symptoms ( OR=1.87, 4.22, 1.83, 5.30, 1.75). Male, educational level (middle-high school, high school or above), sleeping duration (6-9 h) were the protective factors of depressive symptoms( OR=0.74, 0.72, 0.10, 0.56). Conclusion:Middle-aged and elderly disabled people in China have a high detection rate of depressive symptoms. Female, lower education background, inadequate amount of sleep, self-rated unsatisfactory healthy, self-rated poor memory, dissatisfaction towards life and suffering from physical pain may be more likely to have depressive symptoms in middle-aged and elderly people with disabilities.

7.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 887-902, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922517

ABSTRACT

Monocarboxylic acid transporter 1 (MCT1) maintains axonal function by transferring lactic acid from oligodendrocytes to axons. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) induces white matter injury, but the involvement of MCT1 is unclear. In this study, the SAH model of adult male Sprague-Dawley rats was used to explore the role of MCT1 in white matter injury after SAH. At 48 h after SAH, oligodendrocyte MCT1 was significantly reduced, and the exogenous overexpression of MCT1 significantly improved white matter integrity and long-term cognitive function. Motor training after SAH significantly increased the number of ITPR2


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , MicroRNAs/genetics , Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters/genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Symporters/genetics , White Matter/injuries
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921649

ABSTRACT

The present study observed the effect of Guanxin Zhitong Capsules(GXZT) on the lipotoxicity of vascular endothelial cells and investigated the mechanism of GXZT in atherosclerosis treatment. The lipotoxicity model in human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) was induced by palmitic acid(PA) stimulation. These cells were divided into a normal control group(NC, 15% normal serum), a model group(PA, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+15% normal serum), a high-dose GXZT group(GXZT-H, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+15% GXZT-medicated serum), a medium-dose GXZT group(GXZT-M, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+10% GXZT-medicated serum+5% normal serum) and a low-dose GXZT group(GXZT-L, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+5% GXZT-medicated serum+10% normal serum). HUVECs were detected for cell viability by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay, apoptosis by flow cytometry, mitochondrial membrane potential(MMP) by JC-1 labeled laser scanning confocal microscopy, and total and phosphorylated proteins of p38, ERK1/2, and JNK1/2 in the mitogen-activated protein kinases(MAPK) signaling pathway by Western blot. The phosphorylated level was calcula-ted. Compared with the NC group, the PA group showed decreased cell viability and MMP(P<0.01, P<0.01), elevated apoptosis(P<0.01), and up-regulated phosphorylated levels of p38, ERK1/2, and JNK1/2(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01). Compared with the PA group, the GXZT-H, GXZT-M, and GXZT-L groups showed increased cell viability and MMP(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01), reduced apoptosis(P<0.01), and down-regulated protein expression and phosphorylated levels of p38, ERK1/2 and JNK1/2 in the MAPK signaling pathway(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01). In conclusion, the results suggest that GXZT functions via blocking MAPK signaling pathway to relieve the damage of HUVECs induced by PA.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Capsules , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Humans , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Palmitic Acid/toxicity , Signal Transduction , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 909-916, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921295

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of different courses of electroacupuncture on synaptic structure and synaptic function-related proteins expression in the hippocampal CA1 region of radiation-induced brain injury mice. Sixty C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into control group, radiation-induced brain injury model group, 1-week electroacupuncture group (EA1), 2-week electroacupuncture group (EA2), 3-week electroacupuncture group (EA3), and electroacupuncture-control (EA-Ctrl) group. The mice in model group were exposed to X-ray irradiation (8 Gy, 10 min) to establish radiation-induced brain injury model. The mice in EA groups were acupunctured at electroacupuncture points (Baihui, Fengfu and bilateral Shenshu) for 1 week, 2 weeks and 3 weeks respectively after radiation. Immunohistochemistry was used to observe synaptic structure in hippocampal CA1 region. The expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), synapsin-1 and postsynaptic density 95 (PSD95) in the hippocampal CA1 region of each group were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. The results showed that the nuclear gap in model and EA-Ctrl groups was significantly decreased compared to control group, however nucleus to cytoplasm ratio was significantly increased. The synaptic cleft, postsynaptic density (PSD) thickness, the mitochondrial surface density, volume density and specific surface area were significantly reduced. Compared with model group, the nucleus to cytoplasm ratio of EA2 group was significantly decreased, the PSD thickness and mitochondrial volume density were significantly increased; the nuclear gap of EA3 group was significantly increased, nucleus to cytoplasm ratio was significantly decreased, synaptic cleft and PSD thickness were significantly increased, and the mitochondrial surface density and specific surface area were all increased significantly. In addition, compared with the control group, the gene and protein expressions of BDNF, synapsin-1 and PSD95 in the hippocampal CA1 region of the model group and EA-Ctrl group were significantly decreased. However, compared with the model group, the gene expression of synapsin-1 in EA groups was significantly up-regulated, the gene expression of BDNF in EA1 and EA2 groups was significantly up-regulated, and the gene expression of PSD95 in EA2 group was significantly up-regulated. Moreover, the protein expressions of BDNF, synapsin-1 and PSD95 of EA groups were significantly up-regulated compared with the model group. These results indicate that the synaptic structure and the expression of synaptic function-related proteins in hippocampal CA1 region were injured by radiation exposure, whereas electroacupuncture intervention can significantly improve the synaptic structure and function damage caused by radiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Injuries , CA1 Region, Hippocampal , Electroacupuncture , Hippocampus , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2556-2563, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921163

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a common chronic progressive rheumatic disease. The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing abnormal bone mineral density (BMD) in young and middle-aged patients with AS.@*METHODS@#From July 2014 to August 2018, hospitalized patients with AS and health examinees in the health examination center of our clinics, ranging in age from 20 to 50 years, were monitored. The BMD of the lumbar spine and femoral neck of AS patients and those of a healthy control group were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorption. The BMDs of AS patients were compared with respect to age, course of disease, iritis, smoking habits, sex, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), medication use, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), platelet volume, platelet count, uric acid (UA), alkaline phosphatase (AKP), and calcium ion levels. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to BMD were screened using genome-wide association analysis.@*RESULTS@#There was no statistical difference in the proportion of abnormal bone masses between the different body parts. The BMD of all bones in AS patients was lower than that in healthy controls (P < 0.05). Additionally, BMD was correlated with serum calcium and CRP in AS patients (P < 0.05), but not with age, platelet volume, platelet count, ESR, UA, AKP, height, weight, and BMI. The incidence of abnormal bone mass in AS patients was correlated with sex (P < 0.05), but not with medication use, iritis, or smoking. BMD of the lumbar spine in AS patients did not correlate linearly with the course of the disease, but BMD of the femoral neck correlated linearly with the course of the disease (P < 0.05). BMD was correlated with multiple SNPs in patients with AS. Lumbar BMD was correlated with rs7025373 and rs7848078. Femoral head BMD was correlated with 3:102157365, 3:102157417, rs1252202, rs1681355, rs3891857, rs7842614, and rs9870734, suggesting that genetic factors play a role in BMD in patients with AS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The proportion of abnormal bone mass in AS patients was higher than that in healthy individuals of the same age. The factors related to BMD in patients with AS are gender, CRP, and blood calcium. The BMD of the femoral neck of AS patients decreases with the course of the disease, but BMD of the lumbar spine is not related to the course of the disease. BMD in AS patients is associated with multiple SNPs.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Adult , Bone Density , Femur Neck , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Middle Aged , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/genetics , Young Adult
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879008

ABSTRACT

In order to enrich the transcriptome data of Fagopyrum dibotrys plants, analyze the genes encoding key enzyme involved in flavonoid biosynthesis pathway, and mine their functional genes, in this study, we performed RNA sequencing analysis for the rhizomes, roots, flowers, leaves and stems of F. dibotrys on the BGISEQ-500 sequencing platform. After de novo assembly of transcripts, a total of 205 619 unigenes were generated and 132 372 unigenes were obtained and annotated into seven public databases, of which, 81 327 unigenes were mapped to the GO database and most of the unigenes were annotated in cellular process, biological regulation, binding and catalytic activity. Besides, 86 922 unigenes were enriched in 136 pathways using KEGG database' and we identified 82 unigenes that encodes key enzymes involved in flavonoid biosynthesis. Comparing rhizome with root, flower, leaf or stem in F. dibotrys, 27 962 co-expressed differentially expressed genes(DEGs) were obtained. Among them, 23 515 DEGs of rhizome tissue-specific were enriched into 132 pathways and 13 unigenes were significantly enriched in biosynthesis of flavone and flavonol. In addition, we also identified 3 427 unigenes encoding 60 transcription factor(TFs) families as well as four unigenes encoding bHLH TFs were enriched in flavonoid biosynthesis. Our results greatly enriched the transcriptome database of plants, provided a reference for the analysis of key enzymes involved in flavonoid biosynthesis in plants, and will facilitate the study of the functions and regulatory mechanisms of key enzymes involved in flavonoid biosynthesis in F. dibotrys at the genetic level.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways/genetics , Fagopyrum , Flavonoids , Flowers , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Humans , Transcriptome/genetics
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 792-799, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878087

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Norepinephrine infusion decreases hypotension after spinal anesthesia during cesarean section. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of norepinephrine infusion and ephedrine bolus against post-spinal hypotension in parturients.@*METHODS@#In this double-blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial, parturients scheduled for elective cesarean section were randomly allocated to receive norepinephrine infusion (0.05 μg·kg-1·min-1) just before spinal anesthesia continuing for 30 min or ephedrine bolus (0.15 mg/kg) just before spinal anesthesia. A rescue bolus (5 μg norepinephrine for the norepinephrine group, and 5 mg ephedrine for the ephedrine group) was administered whenever hypotension occurred. Our primary outcome was the incidence of hypotension within 30 min of spinal anesthesia administration. Secondary outcomes included maternal and neonatal outcomes 30 min after spinal block, and neonatal cerebral oxygenation 10 min after birth.@*RESULTS@#In total, 190 patients were enrolled; of these patients, 177 were included in the final analysis. Fewer patients suffered hypotension in the norepinephrine group than in the ephedrine group (29.5% vs. 44.9%, odds ratio [OR]: 0.51, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.28-0.95, P = 0.034). Moreover, the tachycardia frequency was lower in the norepinephrine group than in the ephedrine group (OR: 0.22, 95% CI: 0.11-0.44, P < 0.001), and patients suffered less nausea and vomiting (OR: 0.28, 95% CI: 0.11-0.70, P = 0.004). There was no difference in Apgar scores and umbilical arterial blood gas analysis between the two groups. However, neonatal cerebral regional saturations were significantly higher after birth in the norepinephrine group than in the ephedrine group (mean difference: 2.0%, 95% CI: 0.55%-3.45%, P = 0.008).@*CONCLUSION@#In patients undergoing elective cesarean section with spinal anesthesia, norepinephrine infusion compared to ephedrine bolus resulted in less hypotension and tachycardia, and exhibited potential neonatal benefits.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02542748; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT02542748.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Hypotension/prevention & control , Infant, Newborn , Phenylephrine , Pregnancy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Vasoconstrictor Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 241-245, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818412

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the expression of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and collagen I, III (Col I, III) in vulvar lichen sclerosis (VLS) and their role in VLS.MethodsThe specimens of30 VLS tissues (15 in early stage and 15 in progressive stage), and 15 vulvar normal skin tissues were selected by biopsy or surgical excision from 2016 to 2018 in our hospital. The expression of Vimentin was detected by immunohistochemistry. The expression of TGF-β1, TGF-β2, Col I and Col III mRNA was detected through RT-PCR. Simultaneously, the fibroblasts were visualized in diseased tissues by labeling Vimentin.ResultsThe expression of Vimentin in VLS was increased significantly (P0.05). Col I mRNA was up-regulated in VLS, obviously in early stage. Meanwhile, Col III mRNA down-regulated gradually from the early to the progressive stage of VLS. Therefore, the Col I/III ratio increased gradually.ConclusionThe increase of fibroblasts and TGF-β1 in dermis of VLS promotes the synthesis of Col I and reduces the content of Col III, which may be one of the factors leading to the decrease of skin elasticity in VLS.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782383

ABSTRACT

Objective To synthesize a novel prostate cancer targeting gene vector PAMAM-PEG-C2min and improve gene transfection efficiency targeting on prostate cancer. Methods The aptamer (C2min) and polyamide-amine (PAMAM) were ligated by polyethylene glycol (PEG). The structure of the synthesized PAMAM-PEG-C2min was identified by NMR. The biological characteristics of the nanoparticles were examined by the uptake experiments and gene transfection experiments (the loaded gene was siR-M) with the prostate cancer cells (PC3 and LNCaP). Besides, the in vivo targeting was investigated using in vivo image system. The in vivo targeting results indicated that PAMAM-PEG-C2min can achieve the simultaneous targeting of two prostate cancer tissues. Results The PAMAM-PEG-C2min synthesis was confirmed by NMR. Cell uptake experiments showed that the cell uptake efficiency of PAMAM-PEG-C2min was concentration dependent. In vitro experiments showed that the PC3 and LNCaP cells transfection efficiency and targeting of PAMAM-PEG modified with C2min were significantly improved compared with the PEG modified PAMAM. Conclusion PAMAM-PEG-C2min is a potential targeted drug delivery vehicle. It provides a new technology platform for comprehensive and specific targeting treatment of prostate cancer.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873063

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Erxian Shengbai decoction combined with Huangqi Huang soup for leucopenia (deficiency of spleen and kidney Qi) after chemotherapy, and to investigate the regulatory effect on immune function and cytokines. Method:One hundred and fifty patients were randomly divided into control group(75 cases) and observation group (75 cases)by random number table. Patients in group got batilol tablets by oral administration for 6 weeks, 60 mg/time, 3 times/day. And the patients at stage Ⅲ or Ⅳ additionally received recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor injection (rhG-CSF) for subcutaneous injection,2-5 μg·kg-1·d-1, until the count of neutrophils recovered to 5.0×109个/L (10.0×109个/L for white blood cell). In the control group shengbaikang granules were taken orally,1 bag/time,3 times/day.Patients in observation group additionally received Erxian Shengbai decoction combined with Huangqi Huangshan soup for 6 weeks, 1 doses/day. Number of peripheral blood leukocytes (WBC) and neutrophils (NEUT), time to recovery, number of infections, duration of using antibiotics, dose and duration of rhG-CSF, red blood cell (RBC) count, hemoglobin (Hb), platelets (PLT) and rate of completed chemotherapy were recorded. Scores of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)syndrome and karnofsky performance scale (KPS) were graded before and after treatment. Levels of T lymphocyte subsets (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and CD4+/CD8+) , natural killer cell (NK), interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were all detected. Result:In the analysis of rank sum test, to the efficacy for leucopenia in observation group was better than that in control group (Z=2.057, P<0.05). Levels of WBC, NEUT, RBC, Hb and PLT were higher than those in control group (P<0.01). Time to recovery, number of infections and duration of using antibiotics, dose and duration of rhG-CSF were all less than those in control group (P<0.01). After treatment, the recovery rate of WBC and NEUT as well as completed chemotherapy were 76.12% (51/67), 73.13% (49/67) and 92.54% (62/67) in observation group, higher than 57.35% (39/68), 52.94% (36/68) and 79.41% (54/68) in control group (P<0.01). Levels of NK, CD3+, CD4+, CD4+/CD8+ and IL-2 were all higher than those in control group (P<0.01), while levels of CD8+ , IL-6 and TNF-α were lower than those in control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:Erxian Shengbai decoction combined with Huangqi Huangshan soup can promote the recovery of WBC and NEUT, stabilize the immune function, regulate cytokines, improve the microenvironment of bone marrow hematopoiesis, improve the completion rate of chemotherapy, reduce the number of infections and the amount of rhG-CSF, relieve clinical symptoms, and stabilize the quality of life in patients with leukopenia after chemotherapy (deficiency of spleen and kidney Qi).

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To build a three-dimensional evaluation model of single bed efficiency in an obstetrics and gynecology hospital and provide reference for bed management in hospital.Methods:The sample ward and key indicators were determined through interviews. A two-level database was built according to patients′ data from hospital information system. K-means cluster analysis was used to get the beds classified by annual average vacancy(x), annual average turnover(y) and annual average case-mix index per capita(z). The authors built the three-dimensional bed efficiency model with x, y, z as boundaries and analyzed the bed efficiency by comparing the within group average point A k( x k, y k, z k) with the overall average point A0( x, y, z). Whereafter the bed efficiency of each medical work team was analyzed. Results:Thirty-six beds were classified into 4 categories according to utilization efficiency. 50% of the beds(18 beds) were well used, 28%(10 beds) had room for improvement, and 19%(7 beds) may have resource waste. Significant differences existed in bed efficiency among medical work teams.Conclusions:The model in our study can realize in-depth exploration by evaluating bed efficiency from two aspects of the whole ward and each medical work team. This model, which is mainly applicable to the situation where beds are under the charge of fixed medical work groups or doctors, can be adjusted and extended to meet different strategic needs of hospitals.

17.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 286-290, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881897

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To measure the implicit attitude of nurses towards doctors and analyze its influencing factors. METHODS: A total of 356 nurses were selected as study subjects by convenient sampling method. Their implicit attitude towards doctors was measured by Single Category Implicit Association Test. The related influencing factors were analyzed. RESULTS: The response time of nurses on incompatible tasks was higher than that on compatible tasks [(0.87±0.19) vs(0.76±0.15) s,P<0.01]. The median(M) of D value was 0.34. D value of junior college group was higher than that of undergraduate and above group(M: 0.40 vs 0.27, P<0.01). D value in the nurse group was higher than that in the nurse practitioner group and nurse-in-charge and above group(M: 0.43 vs 0.33, 0.43 vs 0.23, P<0.05). D value of the informal staff group was higher than that of the formal staff group(M: 0.35 vs 0.19, P<0.05). The results of ordered multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that establishment was an independent influencing factor of the implicit attitude of nurses towards doctors(P<0.05), after excluding the influence of confounding factors. CONCLUSION: The implicit attitude of nurses towards doctors is positive and mainly affected by the establishment.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826621

ABSTRACT

Severe cases infected with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), named by the World Health Organization (WHO) on Feb. 11, 2020, tend to present a hypercatabolic state because of severe systemic consumption, and are susceptible to stress ulcers and even life-threatening gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopic diagnosis and treatment constitute an irreplaceable part in the handling of severe COVID-19 cases. Endoscopes, as reusable precision instruments with complicated structures, require more techniques than other medical devices in cleaning, disinfection, sterilization, and other reprocessing procedures. From 2016 to 2019, health care-acquired infection caused by improper endoscope reprocessing has always been among the top 5 on the list of top 10 health technology hazards issued by the Emergency Care Research Institute. Considering the highly infective nature of COVID-19 and the potential aerosol contamination therefrom, it is of pivotal significance to ensure that endoscopes are strictly reprocessed between uses. In accordance with the national standard "Regulation for Cleaning and Disinfection Technique of Flexible Endoscope (WS507-2016)," we improved the workflow of endoscope reprocessing including the selection of chemicals in an effort to ensure quality control throughout the clinical management towards COVID-19 patients. Based on the experience we attained from the 12 severe COVID-19 cases in our hospital who underwent endoscopy 23 times in total, the article provides an improved version of endoscopic reprocessing guidelines for bedside endoscopic diagnosis and treatment on COVID-19 patients for reference.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Betacoronavirus , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Cross Infection , Disinfection , Methods , Endoscopes , Virology , Equipment Contamination , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Peracetic Acid , Personal Protective Equipment , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Sterilization , Methods , Workflow
19.
Ultrasonography ; : 221-228, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835329

ABSTRACT

The Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) was created to standardize liver imaging in patients at high risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and it uses a diagnostic algorithm to assign categories that reflect the relative probability of HCC, non-HCC malignancies, or benign focal liver lesions. In addition to major imaging features, ancillary features (AFs) are used by radiologists to refine the categorization of liver nodules. In the present document, we discuss and explain the application of AFs currently defined within the LI-RADS guidelines. We also explore possible additional AFs visible on contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS). Finally, we summarize the management of CEUS LI-RADS features, including the role of current and potential future AFs.

20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 757-764, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878223

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present paper was to study the role of sodium calcium exchanger (NCX) in the generation of action potentials (APs) in cardiomyocytes during early developmental stage (EDS). The precisely dated embryonic hearts of C57 mice were dissected and enzymatically dissociated to single cells. The changes of APs were recorded by whole-cell patch-clamp technique before and after administration of NCX specific blockers KB-R7943 (5 μmol/L) and SEA0400 (1 μmol/L). The results showed that, both KB-R7943 and SEA0400 had potent negative chronotropic effects on APs of pacemaker-like cells, while such effects were only observed in some ventricular-like cardiomyocytes. The negative chronotropic effect of KB-R7943 on ventricular-like cardiomyocytes was accompanied by shortening of AP duration (APD), whereas such an effect of SEA0400 was paralleled by decrease in velocity of diastolic depolarization (Vdd). From embryonic day 9.5 (E9.5) to E10.5, the negative chronotropic effects of KB-R7943 and SEA0400 on ventricular-like APs of embryonic cardiomyocytes gradually disappeared. These results suggest that, in the short-term development of early embryo, the function of NCX may experience developmental changes as evidenced by different roles of NCX in autorhythmicity and APs generation, indicating that NCX function varies with different conditions of cardiomyocytes.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Animals , Calcium/metabolism , Mice , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism , Sodium/metabolism , Sodium-Calcium Exchanger , Thiourea/pharmacology
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