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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 246-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920856

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and safety of tracheal extubation in operating room for patients with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after single-lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 57 recipients who underwent single-lung transplantation due to end-stage COPD were retrospectively analyzed. According to the evaluation indexes of tracheal extubation in operating room established by our hospital, 17 recipients eligible for tracheal extubation in operating room were assigned into the operating room extubation group (OR extubation group) and 40 recipients receiving tracheal extubation in intensive care unit (ICU) were allocated in the ICU extubation group. The evaluation results of intraoperative tracheal extubation and postoperative recovery were compared between two groups. Results Compared with the ICU extubation group, recipients in the OR extubation group had higher oxygenation index, lower arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), lower blood lactic acid level, less fluctuation range of blood pressure and fewer cases receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) during operation (all P < 0.05). Two recipients in the OR extubation group received repeated tracheal intubation at 6 and 8 h after returning to ICU, and tracheal extubation at postoperative 6 and 9 d. In the OR extubation group, time of postoperative mechanical ventilation, length of postoperative ICU and hospital stay of the recipients were shorter than those in the ICU extubation group (all P < 0.05). The incidence of grade 3 primary graft dysfunction (PGD), atrial tachyarrhythmia, continuous renal replacement therapy and 1-year survival rate did not significantly differ between two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusions The tracheal extubation regimen in the operating room for COPD patients after single-lung transplantation established by our hospital is safe and feasible, which shortens the time of postoperative mechanical ventilation, the length of postoperative ICU and hospital stay, whereas does not increase the incidence of postoperative complications.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879948

ABSTRACT

:To evaluate the impact of socioeconomic status,population mobility,prevention and control measures on the early-stage coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) development in major cities of China. : The rate of daily new confirmed COVID-19 cases in the 51 cities with the largest number of cumulative confirmed cases as of February 19,2020 (except those in Hubei province) were collected and analyzed using the time series cluster analysis. It was then assessed according to three aspects,that is, socioeconomic status,population mobility,and control measures for the pandemic. : According to the analysis on the 51 cities,4 development patterns of COVID-19 were obtained,including a high-incidence pattern (in Xinyu),a late high-incidence pattern (in Ganzi),a moderate incidence pattern (in Wenzhou and other 12 cities),and a low and stable incidence pattern (in Hangzhou and other 35 cities). Cities with different types and within the same type both had different scores on the three aspects. : There were relatively large difference on the COVID-19 development among different cities in China,possibly affected by socioeconomic status,population mobility and prevention and control measures that were taken. Therefore,a timely public health emergency response and travel restriction measures inside the city can interfere the development of the pandemic. Population flow from high risk area can largely affect the number of cumulative confirmed cases.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Cities , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Social Class
3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1698-1702, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882139

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To opt imize the extraction technology of phenolic acid from Amomum tsaoko . METHODS :The extraction technology of phenolic acid from A. tsaoko was optimized by using Box-Behnken design-response surface methodology with ethanol volume fraction ,liquid-solid ratio and extraction time as factors ,using the total contents of protocatechuic acid and vanillic acid as response value. The optimizd extraction technology was vlidated. RESULTS :The optimal extraction technology was as follows :ethanol volume fraction 65%,liquid-solid ratio 4∶1(mL/g),extraction time 2.5 h. After 3 times of validation tests , average total content of protocatechuic acid and vanillic acid were 12.32 mg/g(RSD=0.26 %,n=3),average relative error of which with predicted value (12.63 mg/g)was 2.45%. CONCLUSIONS :The optimal technology is stable and feasible .

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 83-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862780

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the dynamic changes and the influencing factors of T lymphocyte subsets in recipients with stable graft status within 1 year after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 41 recipients with stable graft status after allogeneic lung transplantation were analyzed. The absolute value and ratio of T lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood from recipients were measured by flow cytometry before operation, 2 weeks and each month (within 1 year) after operation, respectively. The effects of age, gender, body mass index (BMI), surgical method, incidence of primary graft dysfunction (PGD) after operation, and primary disease upon the absolute values of T lymphocytes were evaluated. Results Within 1 year after lung transplantation, the absolute values of CD3+, CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD8+T lymphocytes and CD4+/CD8+ ratio were changed over time (all P < 0.001). Compared with preoperative values, there was no statistical significance in the absolute values of CD3+ and CD3+CD4+T lymphocytes at 12 months after operation (P=0.659, 0.109), whereas the absolute value of CD3+CD8+T lymphocytes was increased (P=0.02) and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio was decreased (P < 0.001). Age, gender, BMI, surgical method and incidence of PGD after operation exerted no significant effect on the dynamic changes of absolute values of CD3+CD4+ and CD3+CD8+T lymphocytes (all P > 0.05). Primary disease before lung transplantation exerted no effect on the changes of CD3+CD4+T lymphocytes, whereas the postoperative absolute value of CD3+CD8+T lymphocytes was higher in recipients with infectious lung diseases (P < 0.05). Conclusions The absolute values of CD3+, CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD8+T lymphocytes in recipients with stable graft status after lung transplantation are relatively low in the early stage after lung transplantation, then gradually restore, and stabilize at 6 months after operation. Dynamic changes are not associated with age, gender, BMI, surgical method and incidence of PGD after operation of recipients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the gastroscopy treatment technology in a Children′s Medical Center based on the diagnosis-related groups(DRG) and put forward suggestions for resource optimization.Methods:The data of the front pages of medical records of 22 medical institutions in a Children′s Medical Center in 2018 were divided into DRG groups. The patients in gastroscope treatment operation group(GK3)were selected, and the disease diagnosis, operation and payment methods of the patients in this group were analyzed.Results:Of the 22 medical institutions, 16 had GK3 group cases, and the number of cases was significantly different, ranging from 2 to 917. Among them, the institution with code M was characterized by multiple endoscopic treatment of esophageal stricture, but most other institutions rarely carried out the treatment of esophageal stricture. In GK3 group, the main payment method of children in Institution M with the highest constituent ratio was at one′s own expense, followed by non-local medical insurance. The main payment type of O and P institutions with the second and third constituent ratio was local medical insurance.Conclusions:The gap of the technology of gastroscopy in the treatment of esophageal stricture is large in all institutions. The high-quality medical resources can be sunk through the construction of pediatric medical alliance, and the gap between the regional medical technology can be continuously leveled.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911683

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the incidence, clinical characteristics and prognosis of invasive pulmonary fungal infection(IPFI)in recipients of lung transplantation(LT)in southern China.Methods:From January 2003 to August 2019, retrospective analysis was performed for 300 recipients of lung transplantation at three hospitals in southern China. There were 254 males and 46 females with an average age of (54.98±14.2)years. Clinical data were collected from medical records, including symptoms and signs, imaging studies, bronchoscopy examination, pathogen separation and culture from deep sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF), fungal-related laboratory tests and tissue pathology.Results:Among 300 cases, 93(31.0%)had at least one episode of IPFI. The most common pathogen was aspergillosis(60.2%), followed by candida(15 cases, 16.1%)and Pneumocystis jeroveci (13 cases, 14.0%). Kaplan Meier analysis indicated that all-cause mortality was significantly higher in IPFI group than that in non-IPFI(nIPFI)group with one-year mortality of 45.2% vs. 26.7% in IPFI and nIPFI groups respectively( P<0.05). Conclusions:IPFI is prevalent after LT in southern China. And aspergillosis is the most common pathogen and Candida comes the next. The median occurring time for aspergillosis is 6 months after LT. Candida infection occurs earlier at airway anastomosis. A higher incidence of invasive fungal disease(IFD)associated with a lower survival indicates that IPFI has a substantial mortality among recipients after LT. Prophylactic agents should be optimized based upon an epidemiologically likely pathogen.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911667

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical manifestations and imaging features of nocardia infection (NI) after lung transplantation and boost the diagnosis and treatment of NI.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2019, basic profiles, clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, imaging features and treatment outcomes of 5 lung transplant recipients with a diagnosis of NF were retrospectively analyzed and summarized with the relevant literatures. There were 4 males and 1 female with a median age of 66(26-69) years. 3 patients were single-lung transplantation, 2 patients were bilateral-lung transplantation. The median time from an initial diagnosis of NI to lung transplant surgery was 6(5-19) months. Common symptoms included fever, cough with yellow phlegm and shortness of breath. Laboratory findings showed lymphopenia, significantly high C-reactive protein levels, a slight elevation of procalcitonin, hypoproteinemia and anemia. The major manifestations of high-resolution computed tomography (CT) included multiple nodules, consolidation, cavitation and pleural effusion.Results:Five strains of N. farcinica were identified from bloodstream infection ( n=2) and pulmonary infection ( n=3). After with a combined therapy of two sensitive agents, all patients improved and were discharged from hospital. During follow-ups, one patient died and the remainders were cured. Conclusions:Nocardia infection occurs in lung transplant recipients mostly within 1 year post-operation. There are non-specific symptoms and imaging features of multiple nodules and consolidation. Combination therapy of sensitive agents is indicated for lung transplant recipients with NI.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911581

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of Rotarex in peripheral arterial disease (PAD).Methods:The clinical data of 90 PAD patients treated with Rotarex from Aug 2018 to Feb 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among the 90 patients, 45 patients had atherosclerotic obliterans complicated with acute thrombosis (ASOCAT), 27 patients had graft restenosis or reocclusion, 16 patients had primary or embolism-induced thrombosis, 2 patients had traumatic or iatrogenic arterial occlusion. Except for 2 patients undergoing hybrid surgery, 88 patients underwent endovascular treatment. Two patients died perioperatively. Within 12 months follow-up, 2 patients died, 4 patients underwent major amputation, target arteries of 10 patients were re-stenosed or re-occluded and 5 patients were lost to follow-up. Compared with the preoperative ankle-branchial index (ABI), significant increase was observed in the 12-month ABI (0.80±0.22 vs. 0.43±0.16, P<0.01). The 12-month restenosis/re-occlusion-free rate was 82.7%, and the 12-month major amputation-free survival (MAFS) was 91.6%. Conclusion:For PAD patients, acceptable outcomes can be achieved with reasonable use of Rotarex for debulking, combined with balloon, stent and other techniques to correct the residual lesions.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911574

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a Zenith fenestrated aortic stent-graft (ZFEN) system in the treatment of short-necked aneurysms.Methods:The clinical data of 5 patients receiving F-EVAR in Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from Mar 2018 to Sep 2019 according to the standards of short-necked abdominal aortic aneurysm and COOK ZFEN custom stent were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Patients' average age was (69±11) years old. The time of stent customization was 4-6 weeks. The average maximum diameter of AAA was (60.8±14.0) mm. The average proximal neck diameter was (26.0±2.6) mm and the average length anchoring zone was (6.4±2.2) mm. The rate of technical success was 100%. There was no intraoperative loss of visceral vessels and stent displacement. The meane follow-up time was 6.8 months. The perioperative mortality was 0, and there were no other major complications. There were 3 patients with simple type Ⅱ endoleak and 1 patient with type Ⅲ endoleak. The endoleaks disappeared in 4 patients during follow-up of 3-12 months. 1 patient suffered with type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ endoleak, and the visceral vessels and branching stents were patent in all patients.Conclusion:The short term result of COOK ZFEN stent-graft system was safe and feasible for the treatment of short-necked AAA.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908363

ABSTRACT

Objective:This paper makes a comprehensive evaluation on the columns of Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine from communication effect and citation effect, and analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of each column setting, so as to provide evidence-based basis for journal soliciting contributions, and guide column selection planning.Methods:The communication index (website browsing frequency, website download frequency, Wanfang download frequency) and citation index (citation frequency, zero citation rate, high citation rate, high citation rate ratio) of columns in Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine from 2016 to 2018 were counted, and whether there were statistical differences among the evaluation indexes of columns was analyzed.Results:In terms of communication index: among the top 20 column communication indicators, comments and guidance columns account for a very high proportion; The communication index of comment column and guidance column was significantly higher than that of other columns, and the differences were statistically significant; There was no significant difference between Article column and Clinical application research column.In terms of citation index: the citation frequency and high citation rate of the Article column are the highest, while the zero citation rate is the lowest, and there was no significant difference among the four columns of Expert forum, Clinical application research, Review and Guideline·consensus·interpretation; The high citation rate ratio of the Guideline·consensus·interpretation column is the highest, followed by the Article column, and the two columns are significantly higher than the Expert forum column; Among the top 20 papers with the highest citation frequency, the column of treatise accounts for 65%.Conclusion:Expert forum column and Guidelin·consensus·interpretation column are the key to influence the communication effect of journals.Article column and Guidelin·consensus·interpretation column are the key to influence the citation effect of journals.The absolute value of evaluation index can not scientifically evaluate the academic quality of journals.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908017

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of a child diagnosed as Gillespie syndrome in the Department of Rehabilitation, Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University in November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.The 6-month-old boy presented psychomotor retardation, muscular hypotonia, photophobia, nystagmus and inability to focus and follow objects.Slit lamp examination of eyes revealed fixed dilation pupils, bilateral partial aniridia and characteristic iris strands.Genome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis showed a heterozygous splicing mutation in intron 26 of ITPR1 gene, c.3256-1G>A, which was a newly identified pathogenic mutation that was not been reported yet.Moreover, pa-rents of this case did not carry this mutation.It is suggested that Gillespie syndrome should be considered in children with bilateral partial aniridia, psychomotor retardation and muscular hypotonia.Genetic sequencing is helpful for early diagnosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anti-anxious depression mechanism of Baihe Dihuangtang from the NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome. Method:Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, venlafaxine group (13.5 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), Baihe Dihuangtang high and low dose group (16,4 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), with 10 rats in each group. Chronic restraint stress for 28 days (6 h) combined with subcutaneous injection of corticosterone (30 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) was used to establish induce an anxious depression model. From the 8th day of modeling, the rats in the normal group and the model group received distilled water, and those in groups with drug intervention were treated with corresponding drugs by gavage for 21 days. Elevated plus maze and open field test were used to evaluate the behavioral changes of rats. Enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect serum and hippocampal interleukin-1<italic>β</italic> (IL-1<italic>β</italic>), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) levels. Western blot were used to detect the relative expression of hippocampal NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC), and Caspase-1. The pathological changes of the hippocampus were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, the average fluorescence intensity of NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 was detected by immunofluorescence. The ultrastructure of neurons was observed under electron microscopy. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed reduced total entries (TE), the ratio of open-arm entries (OE%), the ratio of open-arm times (OT%), and the autonomous activity score (<italic>P</italic><0.01), significant anxiety and depression-like behaviors, increased levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-6, and IL-18 in the serum and hippocampus (<italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated protein expression of NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.01), activated NLRP3 inflammasomes, and injured hippocampal neurons. Compared with the model group, the high-dose Baihe Dihuangtang group showed improved anxiety and depression-like behaviors (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and decreased levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-6, and IL-18 in the serum and hippocampus (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), reduced protein expression of NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and alleviated hippocampal neuron damage. Conclusion:Baihe Dihuangtang can improve neuronal damage in anxious depression by inhibiting the excessive activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888477

ABSTRACT

Febrile seizures are the most common nervous system disease in childhood, and most children have a good prognosis. However, some epilepsy cases are easily induced by fever and are characterized by "fever sensitivity", and it is difficult to differentiate such cases from febrile seizures. Epilepsy related to fever sensitivity includes hereditary epilepsy with febrile seizures plus, Dravet syndrome, and


Subject(s)
Cadherins/genetics , Child , Epilepsy/genetics , Epileptic Syndromes , Humans , Mutation , Seizures, Febrile/genetics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888019

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of anemoside B4 on rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Seventy-two SD male rats were randomly divided into blank group and model group.The method of exposure to cigarette smoke and combined with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to replicate the rat model of COPD.After the model was maintained for 5 weeks,the rats were randomly divided into model group,dexamethasone group (0.81 mg·kg~(-1)) and anemoside B4 low,medium and high (2,4,8 mg·kg~(-1)) dose groups,a group of 12 animals were administered,and then the administration was started.The administration was maintained until the28th day,and the pulmonary function parameters of rats were measured by an animal pulmonary function instrument.After testing the rat lung function parameters,immediately draw rat alveolar lavage fluid (BALF),and use high-throughput protein chip technology to determined the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines in rat BALF.HE staining was used to observe the general pathological changes of rat lung and tracheal tissue.Masson staining was used to observe the collagen deposition in rat lung tissue.Real-time q PCR method was used to determine the mRNA expression level of related genes in rat lung tissue.Western blot method was used to determine the expression levels of related proteins in rat lung tissues.According to the findings,compared with the model group,the dexamethasone group and the anemoside B4 drug groups had different degrees of increase in the lung function parameters of rats (P<0.01,P<0.05),improved the expression level of inflammatory cytokines in the BALF of rats to varying degrees (P<0.01,P<0.05),and improved the pathological structure of rat lung tissue to varying degrees.Relative mRNA expressions of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2),matrix metalloproteinase 12 (MMP-12),matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor 1 (TIMP-1),interleukin-6 (IL-6),and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) were significantly reduced (P<0.01);whereas relative mRNA expressions of matrix metalloproteinase 9(MMP-9) and matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor 2 (TIMP-2) were increased significantly (P<0.01).The mRNA and protein expression levels of T-box transcription factor (T-bet),interleukin-12 (IL-12) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 4(STAT4) reduced to varying degrees (P<0.01,P<0.05).The mRNA of transcription factor GATA3 (binding protein-3),interleukin-4 (IL-4) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) in rat lung tissues and the protein expression levels of IL-4 and STAT6 were increased to varying degrees (P<0.01,P<0.05).In conclusion,anemoside B4 has a certain protective effect on COPD rats caused by cigarette smoke exposure and combined with LPS.The mechanism of action may be related to the regulation of IL-12/STAT4 and IL-4/STAT6 signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Interleukin-12 , Interleukin-4 , Lung/metabolism , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/genetics , Rats , STAT4 Transcription Factor/metabolism , STAT6 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Saponins
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2307-2321, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887798

ABSTRACT

The CRISPR system is able to accomplish precise base editing in genomic DNA, but relies on the cellular homology-directed recombination repair pathway and is therefore extremely inefficient. Base editing is a new genome editing technique developed based on the CRISPR/Cas9 system. Two base editors (cytosine base editor and adenine base editor) were developed by fusing catalytically disabled nucleases with different necleobase deaminases. These two base editors are able to perform C>T (G>A) or A>G (T>C) transition without generating DNA double-stranded breaks. The base editing technique has been widely used in gene therapy, animal models construction, precision animal breeding and gene function analysis, providing a powerful tool for basic and applied research. This review summarized the development process, technical advantages, current applications, challenges and perspectives for base editing technique, aiming to help the readers better understand and use the base editing technique.


Subject(s)
Adenine , Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Cytosine , DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded , Gene Editing
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887761

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To identify the alternative splicing isoform of mouse sweet taste receptor T1R2, and investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) local injection on T1R2 alternative splicing and the function of sweet taste receptor as one of the bacterial virulence factors.@*METHODS@#After mouse taste bud tissue isolation was conducted, RNA extraction and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were performed to identify the splicing isoform of T1R2. Heterologous expression experiments @*RESULTS@#T1R2 splicing isoform T1R2_Δe3p formed sweet taste receptors with T1R3, which could not be activated by sweet taste stimuli and significantly downregulated the function of canonical T1R2/T1R3. Local LPS injection significantly increased the expression ratio of T1R2_Δe3p in mouse taste buds.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LPS stimulation affects the alternative splicing of mouse sweet taste receptor T1R2 and significantly upregulates the expression of non-functional isoform T1R2_Δe3p, suggesting that T1R2 alternative splicing regulation may be one of the mechanisms by which microbial infection affects host taste perception.


Subject(s)
Alternative Splicing , Animals , Lipopolysaccharides , Mice , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism , Taste , Taste Buds
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887758

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This work aimed to evaluate the ability of two kinds of antioxidants, namely, grape-seed extract and sodium ascorbate, in restoring bond strength at the resin-enamel interface after bleaching.@*METHODS@#Ten groups of samples with 15 teeth per group were prepared for shear-bond-strength test at the resin-enamel interface after bleaching. The groups were as follows: control; no antioxidant; 2.5%, 5%, 10%, or 15% grape-seed extract; and 2.5%, 5%, 10%, or 15% sodium ascorbate. The peak values of shear bond strength when resin was debonded from teeth and the failure modes under a microscope were recorded. Ten other groups of teeth with two teeth per group were prepared and treated in a similar approach before resin bonding. The samples were cut vertically to the bonding interface. The structures of the bonding interface were compared by scanning electron microscopy.@*RESULTS@#No statistically significant difference in shear bond strength was found among the no-antioxidant, 2.5% grape-seed extract, and 2.5%, 5%, or 10% sodium ascorbate groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Immediately after bleaching, the bond strength of dental enamel significantly decreased. Bond strength can be restored by 5% grape-seed extract or 15% sodium ascorbate in 5 min.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Composite Resins , Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dental Enamel , Humans , Shear Strength , Tooth Bleaching
18.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 614-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886792

ABSTRACT

Acute cellular rejection (ACR) is a common complication after lung transplantation, which is mainly caused by the immune response of T lymphocytes recognizing the major histocompatibility complex on the cellular surface of grafts. It is currently considered as the main pattern of acute rejection. ACR is not only a direct cause of death of recipients, but also a high-risk factor for chronic rejection after lung transplantation. Nevertheless, it is a challenging task to deliver the diagnosis and treatment of ACR following lung transplantation. In this article, new progresses on the risk factors, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of ACR in lung transplant recipients were summarized, aiming to improve the diagnostic and treatment efficiency of ACR and prolong the survival of recipients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885268

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the correlation between the prognosis of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma and the degree of bile duct dilatation in MRCP .Methods:The clinical data of 89 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma undergoing radical operation at Tianjin Nankai Hospital from Jan 2009 to Dec 2013 were analyzed retrospectively.Results:Tumor size ( P=0.024), Bismuth-Corlette classification ( P=0.048) and tumor stage ( P=0.013) were related factors of biliary dilatation. Tumor differentiation ( P=0.002), R 0 resection ( P=0.002) and biliary dilatation ( P<0.001) were independent predictors of disease-free survival (DFS). Conclusion:The imaging evaluation of the degree of biliary dilatation has a certain predictive value for the prognosis of patients with hilar cholangio-carcinoma.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the early and intermediate outcomes of second-grade false-lumen endovascular occlusive repair (FLEVOR) for aortic dissection.Methods:The clinical data of 12 patients undergoing second-grade FLEVOR after proximal repair of aortic dissection at our center from Aug 2016 to Aug 2019 was retrospectively analyzed.Results:The mean age was (51.3±14.9) years old. Four patients received open repair due to Stanford type A aortic dissection previously, the other 8 patients underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair for Stanford type B aortic dissection. The time to the proximal repair varied from 3 months to 16 years. The technical success rate was 100%. Visceral ischemia, early spinal cord ischemia and in-hospital death did not occur perioperatively. The mean follow-up time was 16.7 months. Persistent false lumen perfusion was found in 3 patients, complete thrombosis of false lumen was achieved in the other 8 patients. The maximum diameter of abdominal aorta decreased in 8 (72.7%) patients.Conclusions:FLEVOR could block the blood flow from the false lumen and induce the thrombosis of false lumen, which promotes the aortic remodeling. Meanwhile, FLEVOR could protect the blood supply of spinal cord and viscera, and reduce the risk of type Ⅱ endoleaks.

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