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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 131-138, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883845

ABSTRACT

The epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) puts higher demands on critical care medicine. Lots of studies have been conducted to solve COVID-19-related problems. Therefore, we reviewed the annual progress for COVID-19-related issues including antivirals threapies, respiratory support and immunomodulatory therapies and other critical issues, including the effect of antibiotic on mitochondrial damage and its relationship with sepsis, the goal and direction of antimicrobial de-escalation, drug prophylaxis of constipation, bleeding in gastrointestinal disorders and management of critical illness in the informalization era and so on. We hope to provide reference for clinical and scientific research work of the intensivists.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1621-1626, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881566

ABSTRACT

Hyperuricemia is not only the biochemical basis of gout, but also closely related to the development of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, chronic kidney disease, etc. Xanthine oxidase (XOD) is the key catalytic enzyme for uric acid biosynthesis, therefore the vital target for anti-hyperuricemic drugs. In this study, compound CC18022 was designed and synthesized specifically targeting to XOD. Molecular docking analysis indicated a fairly tight binding between CC18022 and XOD. In the in vitro study, CC18022 significantly inhibited XOD activity with a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value in the order of nmol·L-1, which is relative to the XOD inhibitor febuxostat. By using both acute and chronic hyperuricemic mice model, compound CC18022 was found to have serum uric acid-lowering effect in a dose-dependent manner in vivo. The animal welfare and experimental processes were in accordance with the provisions of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. In the acute hyperuricemic mice, CC18022 significantly inhibited serum XOD activity, and also the XOD activity in intestine and liver, which were related to purine absorption and metabolism. Therefore, the novel compound CC18022 exhibited significant inhibition on XOD activity and anti-hyperuricemic effects, making it a favorable candidate for further research.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837807

ABSTRACT

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a kind of psychological disorder caused by unusual threatening or catastrophic events, and it is one of the urgent public health events in the 21st century, which deserves more attention. Exploration of the underlying brain mechanisms of PTSD can provide theoretical basis for the early intervention, psychological nursing and follow-up treatment of PTSD. Current studies have analyzed PTSD brain functional magnetic resonance imaging at resting state and task state. The results showed that the amygdala response was enhanced in PTSD patients, and their hippocampal volume was reduced with decreased response of anterior cingulate cortex and medial prefrontal cortex. Future studies should attach greater importance to the selection of control group, with special focus on the presence of comorbidity.

4.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1095-1106, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826759

ABSTRACT

Although opioids still remain the most powerful pain-killers, the chronic use of opioid analgesics is largely limited by their numerous side-effects, including opioid dependence. However, the mechanism underlying this dependence is largely unknown. In this study, we used the withdrawal symptoms precipitated by naloxone to characterize opioid dependence in mice. We determined the functional role of mu-opioid receptors (MORs) expressed in different subpopulations of neurons in the development of morphine withdrawal. We found that conditional deletion of MORs from glutamatergic neurons expressing vesicular glutamate transporter 2 (Vglut2) largely eliminated the naloxone-precipitated withdrawal symptoms. In contrast, conditional deletion of MORs expressed in GABAergic neurons had a limited effect on morphine withdrawal. Consistently, mice with MORs deleted from Vglut2 glutamatergic neurons also showed no morphine-induced locomotor hyperactivity. Furthermore, morphine withdrawal and morphine-induced hyperactivity were not significantly affected by conditional knockout of MORs from dorsal spinal neurons. Taken together, our data indicate that the development of morphine withdrawal is largely mediated by MORs expressed in Vglut2 glutamatergic neurons.

5.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 609-612, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821837

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveAt present, there are few reports on the therapeutic effect of probiotic supplements in patients with dietary-controlled gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study aims to evaluate the effect of probiotic supplements on insulin resistance in patients with dietary-controlled GDM.Methods122 pregnant women with dietary-controlled GDM who could control blood glucose less than 92 mg/dL through diet and exercise were selected from the Obstetrics Department in Bayannur Hospital from February to December 2018. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: Probiotics Group (probiotic supplements containing bifidobacterium and lactobacillus) and Placebo Group (placebo capsules). 61 patients in each group were treated continuously for 4 weeks. The main evaluation index was the mean difference of fasting blood glucose, fasting plasma insulin and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) between the two groups, and the secondary evaluation index was the change of maternal weight after intervention.ResultsThe increase of fasting blood glucose [(0.59±6.42)mg/dL], fasting plasma insulin [(1.14±1.95)mIU/mL] and HOMA-IR (0.27±0.45) in the Probiotics Group after intervention were significantly lower than those in the Placebo Group [(4.78±7.47 mg/dL), (3.86±1.82) mIU/mL, (0.86±0.59)], and the difference was statistically significant (P 0.05).ConclusionDuring pregnancy, probiotic supplements for four weeks in patients with dietary-controlled GDM can reduce fasting blood glucose and increase insulin sensitivity. Therefore, probiotic supplements can be used as adjunctive therapy for blood glucose control in patients with dietary-controlled GDM.

6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 609-612, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821817

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveAt present, there are few reports on the therapeutic effect of probiotic supplements in patients with dietary-controlled gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study aims to evaluate the effect of probiotic supplements on insulin resistance in patients with dietary-controlled GDM.Methods122 pregnant women with dietary-controlled GDM who could control blood glucose less than 92 mg/dL through diet and exercise were selected from the Obstetrics Department in Bayannur Hospital from February to December 2018. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: Probiotics Group (probiotic supplements containing bifidobacterium and lactobacillus) and Placebo Group (placebo capsules). 61 patients in each group were treated continuously for 4 weeks. The main evaluation index was the mean difference of fasting blood glucose, fasting plasma insulin and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) between the two groups, and the secondary evaluation index was the change of maternal weight after intervention.ResultsThe increase of fasting blood glucose [(0.59±6.42)mg/dL], fasting plasma insulin [(1.14±1.95)mIU/mL] and HOMA-IR (0.27±0.45) in the Probiotics Group after intervention were significantly lower than those in the Placebo Group [(4.78±7.47 mg/dL), (3.86±1.82) mIU/mL, (0.86±0.59)], and the difference was statistically significant (P 0.05).ConclusionDuring pregnancy, probiotic supplements for four weeks in patients with dietary-controlled GDM can reduce fasting blood glucose and increase insulin sensitivity. Therefore, probiotic supplements can be used as adjunctive therapy for blood glucose control in patients with dietary-controlled GDM.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828466

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electronic moxibustion on memory function in the patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI).@*METHODS@#A total of 59 aMCI patients were randomized into an electronic moxibustion group (30 cases) and a placebo moxibustion group (29 cases). In the electronic moxibustion group, the electronic moxibustion was applied to Baihui (GV 20), Dazhui (GV 14), Mingmen (GV 4) and Taixi (KI 3), 45 ℃ in temperature, 20 min each time. The treatment was given once a day, 5 times a week. The treatment for 4 weeks was as one course and 2 courses were required totally. In the placebo moxibustion group, the moxa-free patch was used, 38 ℃ in temperature. The acupoint selection and the treatment frequency were same as the electronic moxibustion group. Before and after treatment, Rivermead behavior memory test (RBMT) was adopted to evaluate the global memory function of the patients in the two groups and the N-back task test was adopted to evaluate working memory function separately. Additionally, the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and its immediate memory, Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) and its delay recall were adopted to evaluate the global cognitive function and memory function@*RESULTS@#In the electronic moxibustion group, after treatment, RBMT score, N-back accuracy rates, MMSE and MoCA scores and the scores of immediate memory and delay recall were improved significantly as compared with those before treatment (<0.01). In the placebo moxibustion group, the accuracy rates of 1-back and 2-back task and the scores of immediate memory and delay recall were improved obviously as compared with those before treatment (<0.05, <0.01). After treatment, the improvements of RBMT score, the accuracy rates of N-back task and MMSE and MoCA scores in the electronic moxibustion group were higher than those in the placebo moxibustion group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electronic moxibustion improves memory function in the patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Amnesia , Therapeutics , Cognitive Dysfunction , Therapeutics , Humans , Memory , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Moxibustion , Methods
8.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1095-1106, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828346

ABSTRACT

Although opioids still remain the most powerful pain-killers, the chronic use of opioid analgesics is largely limited by their numerous side-effects, including opioid dependence. However, the mechanism underlying this dependence is largely unknown. In this study, we used the withdrawal symptoms precipitated by naloxone to characterize opioid dependence in mice. We determined the functional role of mu-opioid receptors (MORs) expressed in different subpopulations of neurons in the development of morphine withdrawal. We found that conditional deletion of MORs from glutamatergic neurons expressing vesicular glutamate transporter 2 (Vglut2) largely eliminated the naloxone-precipitated withdrawal symptoms. In contrast, conditional deletion of MORs expressed in GABAergic neurons had a limited effect on morphine withdrawal. Consistently, mice with MORs deleted from Vglut2 glutamatergic neurons also showed no morphine-induced locomotor hyperactivity. Furthermore, morphine withdrawal and morphine-induced hyperactivity were not significantly affected by conditional knockout of MORs from dorsal spinal neurons. Taken together, our data indicate that the development of morphine withdrawal is largely mediated by MORs expressed in Vglut2 glutamatergic neurons.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1144-1154, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827633

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association of milk intake with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cause-specific mortality remained controversial and evidence among the Chinese population was limited. We aimed to study the relationship between milk intake and CVDs among general Chinese adults.@*METHODS@#A total of 104,957 participants received questionnaire survey. Results of physical examination such as anthropometric measurements and biochemical tests during 2007 to 2008, demographic data and their information on milk intake were collected through standardized questionnaires. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of CVD incidence, cause-specific mortality and all-cause mortality related to milk intake. Restricted cubic splines (RCSs) were applied to examine dose-response associations.@*RESULTS@#Among the 91,757 participants with a median follow-up period of 5.8 years, we documented 3877 CVD cases and 4091 all-cause deaths. Compared with participants who never consumed milk, the multivariate-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of CVD incidence for 1 to 150 g/day, 151 to 299 g/day, and ≥300 g/day were 0.94 (0.86-1.03) (P > 0.05), 0.77 (0.66-0.89) (P < 0.05), and 0.59 (0.40-0.89) (P < 0.05), respectively; each 100 g increase of daily milk intake was associated with 11% lower risk of CVD incidence (HR, 0.89; 95% CI: 0.85-0.94; P < 0.001), and 11% lower risk of CVD mortality (HR, 0.89; 95% CI: 0.82-0.97; P = 0.008) after adjustment for age, sex, residential area, geographic region, education level, family history of CVD, smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity level, body mass index, and healthy diet status (ideal or not). RCS analyses also showed a linear dose-response relationship with CVD (P for overall significance of the curve <0.001; P for non-linearity = 0.979; P for linearity <0.001) and stroke (P for overall significance of the curve = 0.010; P for non-linearity = 0.998; P for linearity = 0.002) incidence, and CVD mortality (P for overall significance of the curve = 0.045; P for non-linearity = 0.768; P for linearity = 0.014) within the current range of daily milk intake.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Daily milk intake was associated with lower risk of CVD incidence and mortality in a linear inverse relationship. The findings provide new evidence for dietary recommendations in CVD prevention among Chinese adults and people with similar dietary pattern in other countries.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827549

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to develop novel self-adhesive resin cement with antibacterial and self-healing properties. Furthermore, the dentin bonding strength, mechanical properties, self-healing efficiency, and antibacterial property of the developed cement were measured.@*METHODS@#Novel nano-antibacterial inorganic fillers that contain quaternary ammonium salts with long-chain alkyls were synthesized. These fillers were added into self-adhesive resin cement containing self-healing microcapsules at mass fractions of 0, 2.5%, 5.0%, 7.5%, or 10.0%. The dentin shear bonding test was used to test the bonding strength, whereas the flexural test was used to measure the flexural strength and elastic modulus of the cement. The single-edge V-notched beam method was used to measure self-healing efficiency, and human dental plaque microcosm biofilms were chosen to calculate the antibacterial property.@*RESULTS@#The dentin shear bond strength significantly decreased when the mass fraction of the nano-antibacterial inorganic fillers in the novel cement reached 7.5% (P0.1). Resin cement containing 2.5% mass fraction or more nano-antibacterial inorganic fillers significantly inhibited the metabolic activity of dental plaque microcosm biofilms, indicating strong antibacterial potency (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The novel self-adhesive resin cement exhibited promising antibacterial and self-healing properties, which enable the cement to be used for dental applications.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dental Stress Analysis , Dentin , Humans , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Shear Strength , Surface Properties
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873129

ABSTRACT

Objective::To optimize the matrix prescription of Fufang Huangqi cream and evaluate its rheological properties. Method::With appearance, spreadability and stability as evaluation indexes, the weighting coefficient of each evaluation index was determined by analytic hierarchy process (AHP), criteria importance through intercriteria correlation method (CRITIC) and AHP-CRITIC mixed weighting method. The formulation of Fufang Huangqi cream was optimized by D-optimal mixture design and its rheological properties were evaluated. Result::The weight coefficients of appearance, spreadability and stability according to AHP-CRITIC mixed weighting method were 0.185, 0.282 and 0.532, respectively. According to D-optimal mixture design based on AHP-CRITIC analysis, the optimized formulation of Fufang Huangqi cream was liquid paraffin of 3.70 g, vaseline of 2.00 g, stearic acid of 2.00 g, sodium dodecyl sulfate of 5.90 g, glycerin of 6.00 g and extract of 20.40 g. The rheological parameters of Fufang Huangqi cream was non-newtonian index<1, storage modulus>loss modulus. Conclusion::The preferred matrix formulation is stable and feasible. Fufang Huangqi cream has good appearance and is a shear thinning non-newtonian fluid. Its viscosity and ductility meet the needs of industrial production and clinical application.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate constituents containing phenolic hydroxyl or carboxylic acid (excluding diarylheptanoids) from Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma herbal pair and single herb. Method:Multiple chromatographic separation techniques, including silica gel,MCI gel and Sephadex LH-20 gel, were employed to isolate and purify the compounds. Their structures were identified by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR),mass spectrometry (MS) and physicochemical properties. Constituents were quickly analyzed by UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MSn,and scanned in positive and negative ion modes. Result:These compounds were determined as trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid(1),vanillic acid(2),protocatechuic acid(3),fumalic acid(4),succinic acid(5),succinic acid monomethyl ester(6),docosanoic acid(7),azelaic acid(8) and p-hydroxybenzaldehyde(9). Forty compounds were speculated by comparing mass spectrometry data,retention times of some compounds and reference materials,including 14 phenols and 26 organic acids. Among the compounds of herbal pair,8 phenols and 22 organic acids in Sparganii Rhizoma as well as 11 phenols and 13 organic acids in Curcumae Rhizoma were identified. Cleavage pathways of main compounds were described. Conclusion:There are abundant phenols and organic acids in Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma herbal pair and single herb. The results enrich pharmacodynamic material basis of Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma herbal pair.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879377

ABSTRACT

With China's aging society, the number of patients with hemiplegia caused by cerebrovascular accident is increasing gradually. The risk of hip fracture in the first year after the onset of this kind of patients is 4 times higher than that of ordinary people, and most of them occur in the side of hemiplegia. For senile femoral neck fracture, artificial joint replacement is almost the first choice of treatment, with mature operation technology and good curative effect. At present, it is considered that if the muscle strength of hemiplegic side can reach grade III after cerebral vascular accident, hip arthroplasty can be the first choice for hemiplegic patients with hemiplegic femoral neck fracture. However, the situation of hemiplegic patients is different from that of ordinary people. The hemiplegic limbs may have muscle atrophy, muscle strength imbalance, osteoporosis and other problems, which brings difficulties to the formulation of surgical plan. This paper mainly discusses the choice of surgical approach, the use of total hip arthroplasty or hemiarthroplasty, the use of cemented prosthesis or cementless prosthesis, and how to reduce the incidence of postoperative dislocation The purpose is to provide more reference evidence for orthopedic doctors in clinical decision-making.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Hemiarthroplasty , Hemiplegia , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878790

ABSTRACT

A highly specific electrochemical biosensor based on T-Hg~(2+)-T structure for fast screening trace Hg~(2+) in complex animal drug matrix was constructed by cyclic voltammetry(CV) and differential pulse voltammetry(DPV). In the presence of Hg~(2+), it can be specifically binded to the T base of DNA sequence on the surface of modified gold electrode, which changes the conformation of DNA molecule and the electrochemical signal. The concentration ratio of EDC/NHS, the concentration ratio of FC-DNA and the reaction time of the biosensor were optimized by the index of sensitivity and reproducibility in CV. The results showed that the stability of the biosensor was good within 3 days(RSD≤1.3%), the difference between batches was low(RSD=4.7%), and the specificity of the biosensor was high in the presence of interfering ions(As~(3+), Cd~(2+), Cu~(2+), Pb~(2+), Zn~(2+) and Fe~(3+)). DPV results showed that the peak current signal value has a linear relationship with the lgC_((Hg)) over a concentration range from 0.1 nmol·L~(-1) to 1.0 μmol·L~(-1) with a detection limit of 0.066 nmol·L~(-1). Finally, the recovery rate tested in the matrix of animal medicine was satisfactory as 99.17%-101.3%, which can meet the needs of the determination of trace Hg~(2+) in the matrix of Bombyx Batryticatus, and provide a new idea for the rapid screening of trace heavy metals in the matrix of other types of complex traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biosensing Techniques , DNA/genetics , Electrochemical Techniques , Gold , Mercury , Reproducibility of Results
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2109-2118, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802857

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This review aimed to summarize research progress regarding congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection-related nervous system diseases and their mechanisms.@*Data sources@#All literature quoted in this review was retrieved from PubMed and Web of Science using the keywords "Cytomegalovirus" and "Neurologic disease" in English. To identify more important information, we did not set time limits.@*Study selection@#Relevant articles were selected by carefully reading the titles and abstracts. Then, different diagnosis and clinical treatment methods for human CMV infection-related neurologic diseases were compared, and the main mechanism and pathogenesis of neurologic damage caused by CMV were summarized from the selected published articles.@*Results@#cCMV infection is a major cause of neonatal malformation. cCMV can infect the fetal encephalon during early gestation and compromise neurodevelopment, resulting in varying degrees of neurologic damage, mainly including hearing impairment, central nervous system (CNS) infection, neurodevelopmental disorders, ophthalmic complications, cerebral neoplasms, infantile autism, epilepsy, and other neurologic abnormalities.@*Conclusions@#cCMV infection-induced neurodevelopmental abnormalities, which were directly caused by fetal encephalon infection, thus inducing neuroimmune responses to damage nerve cells. Such abnormalities were also caused by suppression of the proliferation and differentiation of neural progenitor cells by CMV’s gene products. cCMV infection in the fetal encephalon can also inhibit neuronal migration and synapse formation and indirectly trigger placental inflammation and thus disrupt the oxygen supply to the fetus.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744335

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a nursing risk assessment index system (NRAIS) for stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP), and provide reference for the prevention and control of SAP.Methods On the basis of literature analysis and semi-structured interviews, the basic framework of NRAIS for SAP was preliminarily drawn up. Indexes were screened by using Delphi method and analytic hierarchy process, the weight of index was calculated.Results The NRAIS for SAP consisting of 6 first-level indexes and 33 second-level indexes was constructed, positive coefficient of expert of two rounds consultation were 88.89% and 100% respectively, authoritative coefficients was 0.8%.Conclusion The constructed assessment index system can effectively help managers identify high-risk factors and high-risk links of SAP, and provide evaluation basis for effective prevention of clinical nursing risks.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for determination of four active constituents, namely MSTG-A,MSTG-B,gaultherin and chlorogenic acid in the anti-inflammatory and analgesic active fraction (ARF) of the ethnic medicine Gaultheria leucocarpa var. yunnanensis, in order to provide a methodological basis for the in-depth study and quality control of G. leucocarpa var. yunnanensis,and lay a foundation for later preparation and clinical application. Method:The determination was performed on COSMOSIL 5C18-PAQ (4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) column with methanol-0.2% glacial acetic acid (gradient elution) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 1 mL·min-1. The column temperature was 25℃. The detection wavelength was set at 294 nm. Result:The linear range of MSTG-B,MSTG-A,gaultherin and chlorogenic acid were 0.014 06-0.450 00,0.007 81-0.250 00,0.003 13-0.100 00,0.000 94-0.030 00 g·L-1 (r ≥ 0.999 7),respectively,with a good precision,repeatability and stability. And the average recoveries were 100.81%,98.99%,96.12% and 102.56%,respectively. RSDs were 1.4%,0.7%,0.7%,2.4%,respectively. The contents of MSTG-B,MSTG-A,gaultherin and chlorogenic acid in ARF fraction of G. leucocarpa var. yunnanensis were 23.608,41.973,8.282,2.673 mg·g-1,respectively. Conclusion:The established method was simple and accurate, with a high repeatability. It can be used for determination of four active constituents in ARF fraction of G. leucocarpa var. yunnanensis,so as to provide a reference for the in-depth research,quality control and comprehensive evaluation of G. leucocarpa var. yunnanensis and lay a solid foundation for preparation and clinical application.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801711

ABSTRACT

Objective: To discuss the clinical effect of Shugan Jieyu capsules combined with repetitivetranscranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on depression during perimenopause and neuroendocrine function. Method: One hundred and thirty-two patients were divided into control groupand observation groupby random number table. Patients (65 cases) in observation group got sertraline hydrochloride tablets, 50 mg/time, 2 times/days. Patients (67 cases) in control group got Shugan Jieyu capsules after breakfast and dinner, 2 grains/time, and treatment of rTMS, 20 minutes/time, 1 time/day. And one course of treatment was 5 days, there were a 2-day interval between two courses. And there were a total of 4 courses in the two groups. Both groups were continuously treated for8 weeks. Degree of depression was evaluated by Hamilton depression scale-17 (HAMD-17). Before and after treatment, scores of Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA), quality index of sleep in Pittsburgh (PSQI), Kupperman and syndrome of kidney deficiency and stagnation of liver were graded. Levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), Luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2), 5-serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE) and 5-hydroxyindolyl acetic acid (5-HIAA) were detected, and the safety was evaluated. Result: According to the variance analysis of repeated measurements, after treatment, score of HAMD-17 decreased (Pth day after treatment, score of HAMD-17of observation groupwas lower than that in control group (PPχ2=6.405, Pχ2=5.304, PPConclusion: Shugan Jieyu capsules combined with repetitivetranscranial magnetic stimulation can ameliorate symptoms of depression and anxiety, havea bettereffect than Sertraline hydrochloride tablets, and can regulate levels of sex hormone and monoamine neurotransmitter.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1808-1810, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750510

ABSTRACT

@#Intravitreal injection is one of the most commonly used treatment methods in ophthalmology at present. It is easy to operate and has a shorter operation time. However, there is no consensus on whether it is necessary to dilate pupils before intravitreal injection. For this reason, we conducted an online questionnaire survey. On the basis of relevant research, we discussed the above issues and put forward our proposals. It is not necessary to dilate pupils before intravitreal injection.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 12-16, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810388

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate clinical characteristics and prognosis of primary myelofibrosis (PMF) patients with thrombocytopenia in varied degrees.@*Methods@#Clinical features and survival data of 1 305 Chinese patients with PMF were retrospectively analyzed. The prognostic value of thrombocytopenia in patients with PMF was evaluated.@*Results@#320 subjects (47%) presented severe thrombocytopenia (PLT<50×109/L), 198 ones (15.2%) mild thrombocytopenia [PLT (50-99)×109/L] and 787 ones (60.3%) without thrombocytopenia (PLT ≥ 100×109/L). The more severe the thrombocytopenia, the higher the proportions of HGB<100 g/L, WBC<4×109/L, circulating blasts ≥ 3%, abnormal karyotype and unfavourable cytogenetics (P<0.001, P<0.001, P=0.004, P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively) were observed in this cohort of patients. The more severe the thrombocytopenia, the lower the proportion of JAK2V617F positive (P<0.001) was also noticed. Platelet count was positively correlated with splenomegaly, HGB and WBC (P<0.001, correlation coefficients were 0.131, 0.445 and 0.156, respectively). Platelet count was negative correlated with constitutional symptoms and circulating blasts (P=0.009, P=0.045, respectively; correlation coefficients were -0.096 and -0.056, respectively). The median survival of patients with severe thrombocytopenia, mild thrombocytopenia and without thrombocytopenia were 32, 67 and 89 months, respectively (P<0.001). Multivariate analysis identified thrombocytopenia in varied degrees (HR=1.693, 95%CI 1.320-2.173, P<0.001) and Dynamic Internation Prognostic Scoring System(DIPSS) prognostic model (HR=2.051, 95%CI 1.511-2.784, P<0.001) as independent risk factors for survival.@*Conclusion@#PMF patients with severe thrombocytopenia frequently displayed anemia, leucopenia, circulating blasts and short survival, so active treatment measures should be taken especially in these patients.

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