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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 709-716, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972390

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the pathogenesis and surgical outcomes of different types of myopic traction maculopathy(MTM)using optical coherence tomography(OCT).METHODS: A total of 193 patients(210 eyes)with MTM were retrospectively included, of which 74 eyes(35.2%)underwent vitrectomy combined with internal limiting membrane(ILM)peeling. The patients were categorized into three groups: foveal detachment(FD), foveoschisis(FS)and lamellar macular hole(LMH). Based on the central foveal thickness(CFT)at baseline(M0), eyes with FD were classified into two subgroups: extensive FD and limited FD. Outcomes included best-corrected visual acuity(BCVA), CFT, posterior staphyloma height(PSH), the presence of epiretinal membrane(ERM)and ILM detachment. Risk factors for BCVA at 6mo after vitrectomy(M6)were analyzed using linear regression.RESULTS: At M0, ERM was highly present in eyes with LMH(rs=0.28, P<0.001). Eyes with FD and FS were characterized by higher incidence of ILM detachment(rs=-0.25, P<0.001). After vitrectomy, CFT and BCVA significantly improved in all eyes(P<0.001). Eyes with extensive FD were characterized by a thicker CFT(rs=0.56, P<0.001), a lower incidence of ILM detachment(rs=-0.25, P=0.034)and a thicker nasal PSH(rs=0.27, P=0.024)than eyes with limited FD. Eyes with extensive FD were associated with a worse BCVA at M0(P=0.013)and M6(P=0.030)than eyes with limited FD. Extensive FD(β=-0.295, P=0.042)and BCVA at M0(β=0.669, P<0.001)were risk factors for a worse BCVA at M6.CONCLUSION: There are several pathogenetic mechanisms in MTM. ILM detachment may exert a dominant role in the development of FD and FS, while ERM may have a role in LMH. Vitrectomy combined with ILM peeling improved functional and anatomical outcomes in MTM patients. Eyes with extensive FD may carry a poor prognosis.

2.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 8-12, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971267

ABSTRACT

Sialolithiasis occurs in approximately 0.45% to 1.20% of the general population. The typical clinical symptom manifests as a painful swelling of the affected glands after a meal or upon salivary stimulation, which extremely affects the life quality of the patients. With the development of sialendoscopy and lithotripsy, most sialoliths can be successfully removed with preservation of the gland. However, sialoliths in the deep hilar-parenchymal submandibular ducts and impacted parotid stones located in the proximal ducts continue to pose great challenges. Our research center for salivary gland diseases (in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology) has used sialendoscopy for 17 years and treated >2 000 patients with salivary gland calculi. The success rate was approximately 92% for submandibular gland calculi and 95% for parotid calculi. A variety of minimally invasive surgical techniques have been applied and developed, which add substantial improvements in the treatment of refractory sialolithiasis. Further, the radiographic positioning criteria and treatment strategy are proposed for these intractable stones. Most of the hilar-parenchymal submandibular stones are successfully removed by a transoral approach, including transoral duct slitting and intraductal basket grasping, while a small portion of superficial stones can be removed by a mini-incision in submandibular area. Impacted stones located in the distal third of parotid gland ducts are removed via "peri-ostium incision", which is applied to avoid a cicatricial stenosis from a direct ostium incision. Impacted parotid stones located in the middle and proximal third of the Stensen's duct are removed via a direct mini-incision or a peri-auricular flap. A direct transcutaneous mini-incision is commonly performed under local anesthesia with an imperceptible scar, and is indicated for most of impacted stones located in the middle third, hilum and intraglandular ducts. By contrast, a peri-auricular flap is performed under general anesthesia with relatively larger operational injury of the gland parenchyma, and should be best reserved for deeper intraglandular stones. Laser lithotripsy has been applied in the treatment of sialolithiasis in the past decade, and holmium ∶YAG laser is reported to have the best therapeutic effects. During the past 3 years, our research group has performed laser lithotripsy for a few cases with intractable salivary stones. From our experiences, withdrawal of the endoscopic tip 0.5-1.0 cm away from the extremity of the laser fiber, consistent saline irrigation, and careful monitoring of gland swelling are of vital importance for avoidance of injuries of the ductal wall and the vulnerable endoscope lens during lithotripsy. Larger calculi require multiple treatment procedures. The risk of ductal stenosis can be alleviated by endoscopic dilation. In summary, appropriate use of various endoscopy-assisted lithotomy helps preserve the gland function in most of the patients with refractory sialolithiasis. Further studies are needed in the following aspects: Transcervical removal of intraglandular submandibular stones, intraductal laser lithotripsy of impacted parotid stones and deep submandibular stones, evaluation of long-term postoperative function of the affected gland, et al.


Subject(s)
Humans , Salivary Gland Calculi/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic , Endoscopy , Salivary Ducts/surgery , Lithotripsy , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 129-137, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969815

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of ubiquitin mutation at position 331 of tumor necrosis factor receptor related factor 6 (TRAF6) on the biological characteristics of colorectal cancer cells and its mechanism. Methods: lentivirus wild type (pCDH-3×FLAG-TRAF6) and mutation (pCDH-3×FLAG-TRAF6-331mut) of TRAF6 gene expression plasmid with green fluorescent protein tag were used to infect colorectal cancer cells SW480 and HCT116, respectively. The infection was observed by fluorescence microscope, and the expressions of TRAF6 and TRAF6-331mut in cells was detected by western blot. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and plate cloning test were used to detect the proliferation ability of colorectal cancer cells in TRAF6 group and TRAF6-331mut group, cell scratch test to detect cell migration, Transwell chamber test to detect cell migration and invasion, immunoprecipitation to detect the ubiquitination of TRAF6 and TRAF6-331mut with ubiquitinof lysine binding sites K48 and K63. Western blot was used to detect the effects of TRAF6 and TRAF6-331mut over expression on the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) and mitogen activated protein kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/activating protein-1(AP-1) signal pathway. Results: The successful infection of colorectal cancer cells was observed under fluorescence microscope. Western blot detection showed that TRAF6 and TRAF6-331mut were successfully expressed in colorectal cancer cells. The results of CCK-8 assay showed that on the fourth day, the absorbance values of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group were 1.89±0.39 and 1.88±0.24 respectively, which were lower than those in TRAF6 group (2.09±0.12 and 2.17±0.45, P=0.036 and P=0.011, respectively). The results of plate colony formation assay showed that the number of clones of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group was 120±14 and 85±14 respectively, which was lower than those in TRAF6 group (190±21 and 125±13, P=0.001 and P=0.002, respectively). The results of cell scratch test showed that after 48 hours, the percentage of wound healing distance of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group was (31±12)% and (33±14)%, respectively, which was lower than those in TRAF6 group [(43±13)% and (43±7)%, P=0.005 and 0.009, respectively]. The results of Transwell migration assay showed that the migration numbers of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group were significantly lower than those in TRAF6 group (P<0.001 and P<0.002, respectively). The results of Transwell invasion assay showed that the number of membrane penetration of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group was significantly lower than those in TRAF6 group (P=0.008 and P=0.009, respectively). The results of immunoprecipitation detection showed that the ubiquitin protein of K48 chain pulled by TRAF6-331mut was lower than that of wild type TRAF6 in 293T cells co-transfected with K48 (0.57±0.19), and the ubiquitin protein of K63 chain pulled down by TRAF6-331mut in 293T cells co-transfected with K63 was lower than that of wild type TRAF6 (0.89±0.08, P<0.001). Western blot assay showed that the protein expression levels of NF-κB, p-NF-κB and p-AP-1 in TRAF6-331mut-HCT116 cells were 0.63±0.08, 0.42±0.08 and 0.60±0.07 respectively, which were lower than those in TRAF6-HCT116 cells (P=0.002, P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively). The expression level of AP-1 protein in TRAF6-HCT116 cells was 0.89±0.06, compared with that in TRAF6-HCT116 cells. The difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The protein expression levels of NF-κB, p-NF-κB and p-AP-1 in TRAF6-331mut-SW480 cells were 0.50±0.06, 0.51±0.04, 0.48±0.02, respectively, which were lower than those in TRAF6-SW480 cells (all P<0.001). There was no significant difference in AP-1 protein expression between TRAF6-331mut-SW480 cells and TRAF6-SW480 cells. Conclusion: The ubiquitin site mutation of TRAF6 gene at 331 may prevent the binding of TRAF6 and ubiquitin lysine sites K48 and K63, and then affect the expressions of proteins related to downstream NF-κB and MAPK/AP-1 signal pathways, and inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Lysine/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 6/metabolism , Transcription Factor AP-1/metabolism , Ubiquitin/metabolism
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 208-216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964288

ABSTRACT

It is of great significance to apply the nanocrystals self-stabilized Pickering emulsion (NSSPE) to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) compounds, and to study the effect of NSSPE on the oral absorption of various components with different solubility and permeability. In the study, NSSPE of Tongmai prescription was prepared by the high pressure homogenization method with nanocrystals of main active components (puerarin, ferulic acid, salvianolic acid B and tanshinone IIA) of Tongmai prescription as solid particle stabilizers and a mixture of Ligusticum chuanxiong essential oil and Labrafil M 1944 CS as oil phase. The NSSPE had better physical stability than nanocrystals suspension and blank emulsion. The adsorption of nanocrystals on the surface of oil droplets was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy. The surface adsorption rates of puerarin, ferulic acid, salvianolic acid B and tanshinone ⅡA in NSSPE were 15.40% ± 3.19%, 15.39% ± 5.07%, 10.97% ± 3.70% and 31.51% ± 1.60%, respectively. When solid active components were prepared into nanocrystals suspension, the cellular uptake and transport across Caco-2 cells were increased significantly for puerarin and tanshinone IIA. The uptake rates of ferulic acid, ligustilide and tanshinone IIA in NSSPE were further increased compared with the physical mixture of nanocrystals suspension and oil, and the transports of ligustilide and tanshinone IIA were also significantly improved. The main absorption mechanisms of NSSPE were passive diffusion and caveolin-mediated endocytosis, which were determined mainly by the microstructure of NSSPE. In conclusion, NSSPE could be applied to complicated TCM. The "micro" and "nano" synergistic microstructure with drug nanocrystals adsorbed on the surface of micron-sized oil droplets could not only improve the physical stability of NSSPE, but also promote the absorption of various components in NSSPE, which made NSSPE a promising oral drug delivery system for TCM.

5.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 847-853, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988733

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the practical value of environment-friendly sample release agent combined with ultrasound in the preparation of pathological tissue sections. MethodsFrom February 2013 to December 2022, 2 518 pathological specimens submitted by Foshan Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were selected as the study objects. Two samples of the same specimen were randomly divided into two groups: the environment-friendly fast group, in which the pathological tissue sections were made by using the environment-friendly sample release agent combined with ultrasound; and the traditional group, in which formaldehyde, ethanol and xylene were used to make slices in the conventional way. The differences of hematoxylin (HE) staining effect, immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining effect and MDM2 gene detection result of atypical lipomatous tumor/highly differentiated liposarcoma (ALT/WDL) tissue sections between the two groups were compared. Results① The wax of the two groups' pathological tissues was dehydrated well and the tissue hardness was moderate. After HE staining, the sections of the two groups were intact, without cracks and tremor marks, and the contrast between nucleus and cytoplasm was appropriate, with good transparency, uniform staining, and no tissue loss. The excellent rate and score of HE staining in the environmental fast group were higher than those in the traditional group, but the difference was not statistically significant (χ2 = 3.125,P1 = 0.070;t = 0.965,P2 = 0.334). ②After IHC staining of the two groups of sections, the positive location of the cells was accurate, the staining was specific and uniform, the staining intensity was moderate, the staining sensitivity was good, and there was no tissue loss. The excellent rate of IHC staining and the positive rate of IHC staining in the environmental fast group were lower than those in the traditional group, but the difference was not statistically significant (χ12 = 2.769,P1 = 0.092;χ22 = 0.800,P2 = 0.375). ③The background and outline of the two groups of WDL tissue sections were clear, the staining was uniform, the cells were clear and visible, the nuclear boundary was clear, the hybridization signal was clear and bright under the background fluorescence, and there was no miscellaneous signal. The two groups of sections were hybridized successfully, and MDM2 showed positive amplification. The number of cells successfully hybridized in the environment-friendly fast group was lower than that in the traditional group, but the difference was not statistically significant (t = 1.414,P = 0.230). ConclusionsThe tissue treatment method of using environment-friendly sample release agent combined with ultrasound can ensure the detection effect of HE staining, IHC staining and MDM2 gene detection of pathological tissue sections, and is more efficient and environment-friendly, suitable for promotion and use in hospitals at all levels.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 106-112, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991916

ABSTRACT

The inconsistency of diagnostic criteria for malnutrition has confused clinicians since the 1980s. After the implementation of disease diagnosis related group payment (DRG) in China's public hospitals, the diagnosis of malnutrition and the correct documentation of nutrition-related diagnosis on the front sheet of medical records are related to the correct classification of the disease group and the medical insurance payment. Therefore, the reliable diagnostic criteria for malnutrition, especially disease-related malnutrition, is urgently needed in clinical practice. In September 2018, The global leadership Iinitiative on malnutrition (GLIM) diagnostic criteria consensus was launched. GLIM aimed to provide the explicit and unified diagnostic criteria for malnutrition in adult hospitalized patients. However, GLIM criteria was based on the voting by nutritional experts and was merely a consensus in nature. The clinical validity of GLIM criteria needs prospective verification, i.e., to demonstrate that patients with malnutrition as per GLIM criteria could have improved clinical outcomes with reasonable nutritional interventions. In November 2020, the article titled Nutritional support therapy after GLIM criteria may neglect the benefit of reducing infection complications compared with NRS 2002 was published on the journal Nutrition. It was the first study comparing nutritional risk screening 2002 (NRS 2002) and GLIM malnutrition diagnostic criteria among Chinese patients for the indication of nutritional support therapy. The clinical effectiveness of the two tools was retrospectively verified as well. Here we discussed the key points of this retrospective study, including the critical research methods, to inform the currently ongoing prospective validation of the GLIM malnutrition diagnostic criteria (the item of reduced muscle mass not included).

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1561-1566, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005143

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To study the correlation of preoperative hemoglobin amount with venous thromboembolism (VTE) after surgical treatment of bronchiectasis and the clinical significance. Methods     A retrospective study was performed on patients with bronchiectasis who underwent surgical treatment in our center from June 2017 to November 2021. The differences in blood parameters between the VTE patients and non-VTE patients were compared. The relationship between preoperative hemoglobin and VTE was confirmed by quartile grouping and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results     A total of 122 patients were enrolled, including 50 males and 72 females, with a mean age of 52.52±12.29 years. The overall incidence of VTE after bronchiectasis was 9.02% (11/122). Preoperative hemoglobin amount (OR=0.923, 95%CI 0.870-0.980, P=0.008) and D-dimer amount (OR=1.734, 95%CI 1.087-2.766, P=0.021) were independent influencing factors for VTE after bronchiectasis. The incidence of VTE after bronchiectasis decreased gradually with the increase of preoperative hemoglobin amount. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of postoperative D-dimer alone was 0.757, whereas the AUC of postoperative D-dimer combined with preoperative hemoglobin amount was 0.878. Conclusion     Low preoperative hemoglobin is an independent risk factor for postoperative VTE. Postoperative D-dimer combined with preoperative hemoglobin amount has a better predictive performance compared with postoperative D-dimer alone for postoperative VTE.

8.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 463-466, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004806

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To search compatible and suitable platelets for platelet transfusion refractoriness (PTR) patient caused by compound antibodies against HLA and CD36. 【Methods】 ELISA method was used to detect the antibody against platelet antigens and the specificity of HLA-I antibody in PTR patients. The specificity of HLA-I antibody and corresponding epitopes of patients were analyzed using MATCH IT! and HLA Matchmaker software. The HLA genotype of both donor and patient was obtained by HLA-SSO method. Compatible or suitable donor platelets for PTR patients were searched through cross-reactive group (CREG) of HLA-I and HLA epitope-matched approach (Eplet). The matching degree was identified using monoclonal antibody-specific immobilization of platelet antigens (MAIPA) and the platelet suspension immunofluores-cence test (PIFT). Finally, the transfusion effect was evaluated according to the corrected count increment (CCI). 【Results】 Compound antibodies against both CD36 and HLA-I antigens were detected in two PTR patients, and their phenotype of CD36 was conformed to be type I deficient. Through LSA testing, high-frequency of HLA -I antibodies was found in these two patients, and the panel reactive antibody in patients 1 and 2 was 56% (54/96) and 53% (51/96), respectively. According to HLA-CREG and Eplet matching strategies, one donor of grade C-matching with patient 1 and one donor of grade D-matching with patient 2 were screened from the CD36 deficiency donor bank, respectively. And the selected donors avoided the antigen of HLA-I antibody epitope. These results of MAIPA and PIFT also confirmed that no immune response was detected between the patient and the donor. And a CCI of >4.5 within 24 hour of transfusion of compatible platelets was obtained in patient 2. 【Conclusion】 For PTR patients caused by HLA and CD36 compound antibodies, a combination strategy including serological cross-matching, HLA-CREG and Eplet approach should be used to select the CD36 deficient donor platelets which evaded the antigen corresponding to HLA-I antibodies and had the compatible HLA epitopes.

9.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 766-770, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004736

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the pathogenesis of fetal edema caused by CD36 antibody in fetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT), and to provide reference for clinical prevention and treatment. 【Methods】 The established CD36 monoclonal antibody was incubated with human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and the concentrations of cytokines (TNF-α and IL-1β) in the supernatant of cell culture were detected by ELISA. The permeability of endothelial cells were investigated by detecting the fluorescence intensity of FITC-albumin by incubating cytokine-rich cell supernatant with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). 【Results】 Flow cytometry showed that CD36 monoclonal antibody could bind to human monocytes. Compared with isotype IgG control, increased cytokine TNF-α (pg/mL) (407.73±20.40 vs 29.38 ±4.72, P<0.05) and IL-1β (pg/mL) (247.14±83.59 vs 53.68±26.96, P<0.05) were detected in the supernatant of cell culture after incubation of CD36 monoclonal antibody with human PBMC. Detection of fluorescence intensity of FITC-albumin in transwell cultured HUVEC showed that cytokine-rich cell supernatant derived from CD36 monoclonal antibody incubated with human PBMC can increase the permeability of endothelial cells significantly (CD36 antibody vs isotype IgG, MFI value: 492±16 vs 320±11, P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The effect of CD36 monoclonal antibody on PBMC can increase HUVEC permeability, which may be one of the pathogenesis of fetal edema with FNAIT.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 107-111, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995430

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of the combination of radiofrequency ablation(RFA) and endoscopic metal stent in the treatment of patients with unresectable cholangiocarcinoma.Methods:From January 3, 2012 to June 30, 2019, at the Department of Endoscopic of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University, the clinical data of 44 patients with unresectable cholangiocarcinoma who were treated by the combination of RFA and endoscopic metal stent were retrospectively collected, which included age, gender, location of cholangiocarcinoma(hilar cholangiocarcinoma and distal cholangiocarcinoma), etc. Postoperative evaluation was conducted based on the follow-up, including clinical success rate, postoperative complication rate, time of stent patency and overall survival time (OS). The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to analyze the difference of OS between patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma and distal cholangiocarcinoma. Mann-Whitney U test was used for statistical analysis. Results:The age of the 44 patients with cholangiocarcinoma was (70.3±11.6) years old, with 20 males (45.5%). There were 22 patients (50.0%) with hilar cholangiocarcinoma and 22 patients (50.0%) with distal cholangiocarcinoma. The clinical success rate of 44 patients was 93.2%(41/44). A total of 5 patients(11.4%) had postoperative complications, which were all improved by appropriate treatment. The median time of follow-up of the 44 patient was 9.2 months(ranged from 3.1 to 57.6 months), the median time of stent patency was 7.0 months (ranged from 5.8 to 8.2 months). Thirty-two patients (72.7%) died during the follow-up, and the median OS was 10.9 months(ranged from 9.0 to 12.8 months). The median OS of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma was 7.8 months(ranged from 4.6 to 11.0 months) and that of patients with distal cholangiocarcinoma was 12.5 months(ranged from 5.7 to 19.4 months), and there was no statistically significant difference( P>0.05). Conclusion:RFA combined with endoscopic metal stent is safe and effective in the treatment of patients with unresectable cholangiocarcinoma.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 209-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993310

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect and biotoxicity of tert-butyl acetate (TBA) and ethyl butyrate (EB) on stone dissolution in vitro.Methods:Ten gallstone samples from patients with multiple gallbladder stones were selected and the cholesterol content was analyzed by HPLC. Stone dissolution tests of TBA and EB were performed on cholesterol gallstone in vitro, and the weight of stone at each time point was recorded, meanwhile, methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) was used as the control. The inhibitory effects of MTBE, TBA and EB on proliferation of human normal liver cell line LO2 were analyzed by cell proliferation inhibition assay. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the effects of MTBE, TBA and EB on the early and late apoptosis of LO2 cells, and the changes of reactive oxygen species level in LO2 cells were also analyzed.Results:Of the 10 gallbladder gallstones, 6 were cholesterol gallstones and 4 were non-cholesterol gallstones. Stone dissolution experiment showed that the remaining stones of MTBE, TBA and EB groups were (47.83±3.84)%, (58.12±4.53)% and (75.75±4.61)% 30 minutes later. The remaining stones were (18.38±6.47)%, (33.82±6.22)% and (56.38±3.91)% 90 minutes later. MTBE had the best stone dissolution effect in vitro, the stone dissolution effect of TBA was slightly weaker than MTBE, and the stone dissolution effect of EB was relatively weak in all ( P<0.05). The cell proliferation inhibition experiment showed that the cell viability of the control group, MTBE group and TBA group were (100.00±4.46)%, (96.79±4.32)% and (93.72±3.51)%, respectively, and there were no significant differences among the three groups ( P>0.05). However, the cell viability of EB group (87.57±5.29)% was lower than the above three groups, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.001). The early apoptosis and late apoptosis of the control group were (1.67±0.15)% and (1.27±0.06)%, respectively. EB induced early apoptosis (15.90±0.53)% ( P<0.001) and late apoptosis (5.13±0.76)% ( P<0.05). However, MTBE and TBA had no significant effect on cell apoptosis ( P>0.05). Compared with control group, MTBE, TBA and EB all significantly inhibited the level of reactive oxygen species ( P<0.05), and the inhibitory effect of EB was the most obvious. Conclusions:TBA has good stone dissolution effect and biosafety for gallbladder cholesterol stones in vitro, while EB has relatively poor performance. TBA is a potential drug for gallstone dissolution.

12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 41-44, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect of Tongdu Tiaoqi acupuncture (acupuncture for unblocking governor vessel and regulating qi ) combined with warming acupuncture, Tongdu Tiaoqi acupuncture, abdominal moxibustion and oral tamsulosin hydrochloride sustained release capsule on postoperative urinary retention.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients with postoperative urinary retention were randomized into an acupuncture-moxibustion group, an acupuncture group, a moxibustion group and a medication group, 30 cases in each group. Tongdu Tiaoqi acupuncture combined with warming acupuncture were applied in the acupuncture-moxibustion group. Tongdu Tiaoqi acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Shuigou (CV 26) etc. in the acupuncture group. Moxibustion was applied at Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), Shuidao (ST 28) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) in the moxibustion group. Tamsulosin hydrochloride sustained release capsule was given orally in the medication group. The treatment was once a day, and 5-day treatment was required in each group. Before and after treatment, the residual urine volume of bladder, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score and the time of first urethral catheter removal were observed, and the clinical efficacy was compared in the 4 groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the residual urine volume of bladder was decreased compared before treatment in the 4 groups (P<0.05), and that in the acupuncture-moxibustion group was less than the other 3 groups (P<0.05). After treatment, the VAS scores were decreased compared before treatment in the acupuncture-moxibustion group, the acupuncture group and the moxibustion group (P<0.05), and those in the 3 groups were lower than the medication group (P<0.05). The time of first urethral catheter removal in the acupuncture-moxibustion group was earlier than the other 3 groups (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 93.3% (28/30) in the acupuncture-moxibustion group, which was superior to 63.3% (19/30) in the acupuncture group, 60.0% (18/30) in the moxibustion group and 66.7% (20/30) in the medication group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The therapeutic effect of Tongdu Tiaoqi acupuncture combined with warming acupuncture on postoperative urinary retention is superior to simple acupuncture, abdominal moxibustion and tamsulosin hydrochloride sustained release capsule.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Retention/therapy
13.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 820-826, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of ultra-fine metal stents for malignant hilar biliary strictures (MHBS).Methods:Ultra-fine metal stents were simultaneously placed into the intrahepatic duct of 30 patients with unresectable malignant hilar biliary strictures of Bismuth type Ⅱ or higher (based on imaging or histological and/or cytological findings) by using the stent-by-stent mode from January 2014 to June 2021 at the Department of Gastroenterology, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgical Hospital. The technical success rate, clinical efficacy and incidence of complications were observed.Results:The technical success rate was 100.0% (30/30), and the clinical success was achieved in 28 patients (93.3%) . The mean procedure time was 55.7±20.7 min and the placement time was 28.3±18.2 min. Early adverse events included mild acute pancreatitis ( n=2) and cholangitis ( n=5). The median stent patency and the median overall survival were 243 days (95% CI: 186.6-299.4 days) and 237 days (95% CI: 149.0- 325.0 days), respectively. The incidence of late cholangitis was 36.7% (11/30). Stent malfunction occurred in 14 of the 30 patients, and 5 of them received endoscopic reintervention. The technical success rate for the reintervention was 4/5 with the mean procedure time of 49.8±6.9 min. Conclusion:Malignant hilar biliary obstruction endoscopic palliation with ultra-fine metal stents using the stent-by-stent mode is safe, feasible and effective.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 901-909, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955208

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of different metal stents place-ment position in endoscopic drainage of malignant hilar bile duct obstruction.Methods:The retro-spective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 300 patients with malignant hilar bile duct obstruction who were admitted to 3 medical centers, including 216 patients in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University, 48 patients in the Xijing Hospital of Air Force Medical University, 36 patients in the First People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, from January 2012 to January 2019 were collected. There were 164 males and 136 females, aged (67±12)years. All patients were determined to be unresectable by multidisciplinary consultation and underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Observation indicators: (1) clinicopathological features of patients; (2) follow-up; (3) analysis of influencing factors for patency time of metal biliary stents and overall survival time of patients. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect patency of metal biliary stents and survival of patients up to July 2019 or death of patients. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the rank sum test. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates and draw survival curves, and Log-Rank test was used to conduct survival analysis. COX regression model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses. Factors with P<0.1 in univariate analysis were included in multivariate analysis. Results:(1) Clinicopathological features of patients. Of the 300 patients, 163 cases underwent endoscopic drainage with at least one metal biliary stent' distal portion crossing the duodenal main papilla (hereinafter referred to as crossing papilla), and 137 cases underwent endoscopic drainage with no metal biliary stent' distal portion crossing the duodenal main papilla (hereinafter referred to as no crossing papilla). Age, disease type (hilar cholangiocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, intrahepatic cholangio-carcinoma, gallbladder carcinoma, metastatic cholangiocarcinoma), metal biliary stents type (unilateral metal biliary stent, bilateral metal biliary stents) of patients with crossing papilla were (68±13)years, 95, 8, 11, 31, 18, 63, 100, respectively. The above indicators of patients with no crossing papilla were (64±12)years, 63, 22, 20, 23, 9, 126, 11, respectively. There were significant differences in the above indicators between patients with crossing papilla and patients with no crossing papilla ( t=2.70, χ2=17.69, 90.79, P<0.05). (2) Follow-up. All the 300 patients were followed up for 5.4(3.1,9.3)months. The patency time of metal biliary stents was 9.0(8.2,9.8)months and 6.4(4.8,8.0)months of patients with crossing papilla and patients with no crossing papilla, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=8.23, P<0.05). The overall survival time was 5.5(4.2,6.8)months and 5.5(4.3,6.8)months of patients with crossing papilla and patients with no crossing papilla, showing no significant difference between them ( χ2=0.28, P>0.05). (3) Analysis of influencing factors for patency time of metal biliary stents and overall survival time of patients. Results of univariate analysis showed that type of metal biliary stents and the placement position of metal biliary stents were related factors affecting the patency time of metal biliary stents [ hazard ratio( HR)=0.44, 0.60, 95% confidence intervals as 0.30?0.64, 0.42?0.85, P<0.05]. Results of multi-variate analysis showed that bilateral metal biliary stents was an independent protective factor for the patency time of metal biliary stents ( HR=0.46, 95% confidence interval as 0.29?0.72, P<0.05). Results of univariate analysis showed that disease type (intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma versus hilar cholangiocarcinoma), preoperative serum total bilirubin, type of metal biliary stents, anti-tumor therapy were related factors affecting the overall survival time of patients ( HR=1.05, 1.43, 0.72, 0.61, 95% confidence intervals as 0.70?1.57, 1.12?1.83, 0.55?0.92, 0.47?0.81, P<0.05). Results of multi-variate analysis showed that age >60 years, disease type as hepatocellular carcinoma, preoperative serum total bilirubin >200 μmol/L were independent risk factors for the overall survival time of patients ( HR=1.35, 1.98, 1.46, 95% confidence intervals as 1.02?1.79, 1.40?2.80, 1.13?1.89, P<0.05), and bilateral metal biliary stents, anti-tumor therapy were independent protective factors for the overall survival time of patients ( HR=0.68, 0.60, 95% confidence intervals as 0.53?0.89, 0.45?0.80, P<0.05). Conclusions:Endoscopic drainage with or without metal biliary stents' distal portion crossing the duodenal main papilla is safe and feasible for patients with malignant hilar bile duct obstruction. Bilateral metal biliary stents is an independent protective factor for the patency time of metal biliary stents. Age >60 years, disease type as hepatocellular carcinoma, preoperative serum total bilirubin >200 μmol/L are independent risk factors for the overall survival time of patients, and bilateral metal biliary stents, anti-tumor therapy are independent protective factors for the overall survival time of patients.

15.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 31-31, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939851

ABSTRACT

Mandibular defects caused by injuries, tumors, and infections are common and can severely affect mandibular function and the patient's appearance. However, mandible reconstruction with a mandibular bionic structure remains challenging. Inspired by the process of intramembranous ossification in mandibular development, a hierarchical vascularized engineered bone consisting of angiogenesis and osteogenesis modules has been produced. Moreover, the hierarchical vascular network and bone structure generated by these hierarchical vascularized engineered bone modules match the particular anatomical structure of the mandible. The ultra-tough polyion complex has been used as the basic scaffold for hierarchical vascularized engineered bone for ensuring better reconstruction of mandible function. According to the results of in vivo experiments, the bone regenerated using hierarchical vascularized engineered bone is similar to the natural mandibular bone in terms of morphology and genomics. The sonic hedgehog signaling pathway is specifically activated in hierarchical vascularized engineered bone, indicating that the new bone in hierarchical vascularized engineered bone underwent a process of intramembranous ossification identical to that of mandible development. Thus, hierarchical vascularized engineered bone has a high potential for clinical application in mandibular defect reconstruction. Moreover, the concept based on developmental processes and bionic structures provides an effective strategy for tissue regeneration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Regeneration , Bone Transplantation/methods , Hedgehog Proteins , Mandible/surgery , Osteogenesis
16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 123-128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909332

ABSTRACT

In the 42 nd and 44 th workshops of CSPEN-nutritional risk-undernutrition-support-outcome-cost effectiveness ratio (NUSOC) multi-center database collaboration group, Jens Kondrup and Henrik Rasmussen described again the application of NRS 2002, the evidence-based basis of NRS 2002 development and the methodology for prospective validation of clinical effectiveness. There is no gold standard for validation. They both considered that malnutrition could be identified as a score of 3 or more for impaired nutritional status in NRS 2002. Although NRS 2002 is simple and easy to be applied, it is not comprehensive enough for malnutrition diagnosis. ASPEN and ESPEN on-line published the Global Leadership (nutritional) Initiative on Malnutrition(GLIM)diagnosis criteria in September 2018. With the gradual implementation of medicare payment based on diagnosis related groups(DRG)in China, the nutritional risk and the malnutrition diagnosis with Chinese version of ICD-10 (2016) code should be recorded in the first page of the medical records. In this terminology interpretations, the terms of nutritional risk screening(NRS 2002.01.016)and malnutrition diagnosis (GLIM-phenotypic criteria 01.028, etiologic criteria 01.029) published in Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Terminology 2019 are discussed based on the reports given by Kondrup and Rasmussen in Beijing and Zhengzhou.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 305-309, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of three approaches of parallel-style bilateral metal stenting in the management of unresectable malignant hilar biliary obstruction.Methods:Data of 118 patients with unresectable malignant hilar biliary obstruction (Bismuth type Ⅱ-Ⅳ) treated by endoscopic bilateral metal stenting in Oriental Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital from January 2012 to February 2019 were retrospectively studied. According to the method of stent placement, patients were divided into three groups, both stents crossing the main duodenal papilla (long long-stent by stent, LL-SBS) group (53 cases), one stent crossing the papilla (long short-SBS, LS-SBS) group (53 cases) and no stent crossing the papilla (short short-SBS, SS-SBS) group (12 cases). The main outcomes, clinical success rate, stent patency, success rate of re-intervention of both intrahepatic systems and overall survival, were compared among the three groups.Results:There were no significant differences in clinical success rate [96.2% (51/53), 98.1% (52/53), and 91.7% (11/12)], median stent patency [9.2 (8.0-10.3) months, 11.6 (6.8-16.4) months, and 8.1 (3.7-12.5) months] or overall survival time [6.7 (4.6-8.8) months, 7.6 (5.7-9.4) months, and 7.1 (0.7-13.6) months] among the three groups (all P>0.05). The success rate of endoscopic re-intervention of both intrahepatic systems was 12/13, 0/10, and 1/5 in LL-SBS, LS-SBS and SS-SBS groups, respectively ( P<0.001). Conclusion:Parallel-style bilateral metal stenting is an effective endoscopic modality in the treatment of malignant hilar biliary obstruction, and LL-SBS may improve the success rate of endoscopic re-intervention to both intrahepatic systems.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 200-204, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of endoscopic placement of transpapillary parallel-style bilateral metal stents for malignant hilar biliary stricture.Methods:A total of 55 patients with malignant hilar biliary stricture (Bismuth Ⅱ-Ⅳ) were treated with an improved endoscopic drainage technique (endoscopic transpapillary parallel-style bilateral metal stenting) from January 2012 to December 2018 in Shanghai Oriental Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital. The technical success rate, clinical success rate, incidence of complications, success rate of endoscopic re-intervention, stent patency and overall survival were analyzed.Results:The technical success rate of endoscopic placement of bilateral metal stents was 96.4% (53/55), the clinical success rate was 96.2% (51/53), and the early complication incidence was 13.2% (7/53). The median stent patency was 9.2 months (95% CI: 8.0-10.3 months), the success rate of endoscopic re-intervention of bilateral biliary systems was 92.3% (12/13), and the median overall survival was 6.7 months (95% CI: 4.7-8.8 months). Conclusion:This modified technique of bilateral metal stent placement is safe and effective for malignant hilar biliary stricture that is unsuitable for surgery.

19.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 43-47, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885695

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of bilateral and unilateral metallic stenting in the treatment of unresectable malignant hilar biliary obstruction.Methods:From January 2012 to December 2018, a total of 300 patients with malignant hilar biliary obstruction (Bismuth type Ⅱ-Ⅳ) were treated with endoscopic metallic stenting in Oriental Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital. Ninety-four patients with bilateral metallic stenting (bilateral metallic stent group) and 94 patients with unilateral metallic stenting (unilateral metallic stent group) were matched and analyzed by propensity score matching. The clinical success rate, the total number of interventions, the stent patency and overall survival time were compared between the two groups.Results:The clinical success rate in the bilateral metallic stent group was significantly higher than that of the unilateral metallic stent group [98.9% (93/94) VS 78.7% (74/94), χ2=19.352, P<0.001], and the mean number of intervention in the bilateral metallic stent group was significantly less than that of the unilateral metallic stent group (1.2±0.5 times VS 1.7±0.9 times, t=-4.345, P<0.001). The stent patency time in the bilateral metallic stent group was significantly longer than that of the other group [10.0 (8.0, 12.1) months VS 5.7 (5.2, 6.3) months, χ2=19.789, P<0.001]. The median survival time of patients in the bilateral group was numerically longer than that in the unilateral group, but did not reach statistical significance [7.6 (6.3, 8.9) months VS 4.6 (3.7, 5.7) months, χ2=3.628, P=0.057]. Conclusion:Endoscopic bilateral metallic stenting is superior to unilateral metallic stenting in the clinical management of malignant hilar biliary obstruction unsuitable for surgery.

20.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 305-322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880262

ABSTRACT

"The Expert Group on Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, The Tumor Ablation Committee of Chinese College of Interventionalists, The Society of Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association and The Ablation Expert Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology" have organized multidisciplinary experts to formulate the consensus for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The expert consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practices for thermal ablation of GGN. The main contents include: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN, (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN and (3) future development directions.
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