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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 50: 29-36, Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292313

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lignocellulose is considered a renewable organic material, but the industrial production of biofuel from lignocellulose is challenging because of the lack of highly active hydrolytic enzymes. The guts of herbivores contain many symbiotic microorganisms that have evolved to hydrolyze plant lignocellulose. Chinese bamboo rats mainly consume high-fiber foods, indicating that some members of the intestinal tract microbiota digest lignocellulose, providing these rats with the energy required for growth. RESULTS: Here, we used metagenomics to analyze the diversity and functions of the gut microbiota in Chinese bamboo rats. We identified abundant populations of lignocellulose-degrading bacteria, whose main functions involved carbohydrate, amino acid, and nucleic acid metabolism. We also found 587 carbohydrate-active enzyme genes belonging to different families, including 7 carbohydrate esterase families and 21 glycoside hydrolase families. The glycoside hydrolase 3, glycoside hydrolase 1, glycoside hydrolase 43, carbohydrate esterase 4, carbohydrate esterase 1, and carbohydrate esterase 3 families demonstrated outstanding performance. CONCLUSIONS: The microbes and enzymes identified in our study expand the existing arsenal of proficient degraders and enzymes for lignocellulosic biofuel production. This study also describes a powerful approach for targeting gut microbes and enzymes in numerous industries.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cecum/enzymology , Enzymes/metabolism , Lignin/metabolism , Cecum/microbiology , Cellulose/metabolism , Bacteroidetes , Biofuels , Metagenomics , Firmicutes , Gastrointestinal Microbiome
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 831-834, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876526

ABSTRACT

Five cadinane-type sesquiterpenoids were isolated from the n-hexane extract of Commiphora myrrha by using various chromatographic techniques, including silica gel, ODS and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. These compounds were defined as (3S,4R)-3,9-dimethoxymyrrhone (1), 9-methoxymyrrhone (2), myrrhone (3), commiterpene B (4) and comosone Ⅱ (5). Compound 1 is a new compound, of which the absolute configuration was established by single crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis. Compound 5 is firstly isolated from the Commiphora genus.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875152

ABSTRACT

Background@#Arctic-like (AL) lineages of rabies viruses (RABVs) remains endemic in some Arctic and Asia countries. However, their evolutionary dynamics are largely unappreciated. @*Objectives@#We attempted to estimate the evolutionary history, geographic origin and spread of the Arctic-related RABVs. @*Methods@#Full length or partial sequences of the N and G genes were used to infer the evolutionary aspects of AL RABVs by Bayesian evolutionary analysis. @*Results@#The most recent common ancestor (tMRCA) of the current Arctic and AL RABVs emerged in the 1830s and evolved independently after diversification. Population demographic analysis indicated that the viruses experienced gradual growth followed by a sudden decrease in its population size from the mid-1980s to approximately 2000.Genetic flow patterns among the regions reveal a high geographic correlation in AL RABVs transmission. Discrete phylogeography suggests that the geographic origin of the AL RABVs was in east Russia in approximately the 1830s. The ancestral AL RABV then diversified and immigrated to the countries in Northeast Asia, while the viruses in South Asia were dispersed to the neighboring regions from India. The N and G genes of RABVs in both clades sustained high levels of purifying selection, and the positive selection sites were mainly found on the C-terminus of the G gene. @*Conclusions@#The current AL RABVs circulating in South and North Asia evolved and dispersed independently.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873564

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of metabolic syndrome on the fertility and reproduction in model animals. Methods The model of"high fat diet for spontaneously hypertensive rats(SHR)"was adopted to construct the model of metabolic syndrome in rats. The metabolic syndrome model rats were used to mate with male and female 1 : 1 cage, and the mating cycle was 2 weeks. Results After the SHR rats were fed a high-fat diet for 10 weeks, 16 males and 15 females met the screening criteria for metabolic syndrome, with the modeling rates of 40% and 37.5%, respectively. In addition to the abnormal metabolism-related indicators(such as blood glucose, blood lipid and blood pressure), the male rats with metabolic syndrome mainly had decreased sperm motility(P < 0.05), increased sperm malformation rate(P < 0.01), and decreased mating rate(P < 0.05). In addition to abnormal metabolism-related indicators, the conception rate and the live fetal rate of the female rats with metabolic syndrome were slightly lower than that of the control group; however, there was no statistical difference. The mean birth weight of the litter was significantly lower than that of the control group(P < 0.05). Conclusion According to the whole process from mating to natural production, metabolic syndrome is determined to have a significant effect on the fertility and reproductive ability of rats.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873555

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the current situation of financing in disease control and prevention constitutions in China, to identify existing problems, to explore potential reasons, and to make policy recommendations accordingly. Methods Financial related indicators, including revenue and expense of disease control and prevention institutions, were collected through questionnaire survey. Moreover, some disease control and prevention institutions were selected for on-site survey. Results The proportion of public health institutions in the Total Health Expenditure had fallen from 7.0% in 2014 to 5.6% in 2018. The proportion of financial compensation in the operation of disease control and prevention institutions was less than 50%. The gap between revenue and expenditure had not been covered completely after the cancellation of three categories of administrative charges. In addition, financing mechanism of public health service funds remained unclear. Conclusion We recommend the strategies, including optimizing financing structure, increasing investment in disease control and prevention, increasing the level of financial guarantee, improving the mechanism of public health service funds, and multi-channel financing.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882644

ABSTRACT

Objective:By comparing the volume% (V% GGOs) of ground glass opacities (GGOs) in high resolution CT (HRCT) of patients with acute paraquat (PQ) poisoning at different time points, its value in the early prognosis of patients with PQ poisoning was analyzed. Methods:The data of patients with PQ poisoning admitted to Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of Chinese Armed Police Forces from June 2017 to December 2018 were prospectively analyzed. According to the follow-up results after poisoning at 90 days, the patients were divided into the survival group and death group. Three-dimensional reconstruction technology was used to calculate the change of V% GGOs on the 3rd, 5th, and 7th day after poisoning. Chi-square test and One-Way ANOVA of variance were used to compare sex, age, and time of poisoning between the two groups. The Student's t test was used to compare V% GGOs between the two groups at different time points. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to determine the guiding significance of the indicator on the prognosis of patients with PQ poisoning at different time points. Results:A total of 89 patients with PQ poisoning were included in the study, 49 in the survival group and 40 in the death group. There were no statistical differences between the two groups of patients in sex, age, poisoning time, oxygenation index, mean arterial pressure, total bilirubin, blood urea nitrogen, alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase at admission (all P>0.05). The blood PQ concentration (mg/L) in the death group was significantly higher than that in the survival group (6.35 ±0.51 vs 3.49 ±0.21, P= 0.013). On the 3rd, 5th and 7th day after admission, the V% GGOs was significantly higher than that in the survival group (3rd day: 0.062±0.020 vs 0.049±0.007, P= 0.013; 5th day: 0.292±0.130 vs 0.123±0.044, P<0.01; 7th day: 0.334±0.116 vs 0.138±0.034, P=0.019). The area under the ROC curve showed that the prognosis AUC of the 7th day V% GGOs after poisoning was 0.967, the sensitivity was 100% and the specificity was 83.33% when the threshold was 0.16, but the time point was late. On the 5th day after poisoning, the V% GGOs judged the prognosis AUC was 0.842, the sensitivity was 82.35% and the specificity was 89.47% when the threshold was 0.14. On the 3rd day after poisoning, the V% GGOs judged the prognosis AUC was 0.708, the sensitivity was 55.00% and the specificity was 78.95% when the threshold was 0.05. At this time, the sensitivity and specificity were lower than those on the 5th and 7th day. Conclusions:The proportion of ground glass opacity volume in patients with PQ poisoning can be used to evaluate their prognosis, and the best time point is the 5th day after poisoning.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a comet test method for detection of genotoxicity of three reference chemicals in rat liver cells. Methods:6-10 week old Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, with normal saline (0.9% NaCl solution) as negative control group. Animals in three test groups were treated, respectively, with ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) 200 mg/kg, N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) 50 mg/kg, and D-mannitol 2 000 mg/kg. There were 10 animals in each group, 5 males and 5 females. The animals received two times (21 h interval) of test compounds through intragastric administration, and their clinical symptoms and body weight changes were recorded during the experiment. The rats were sacrificed 3 h after the last exposure. The liver was weighed, then used to prepare single-cell suspensions for the alkaline comet test which determines the average tail DNA content percentage (DNA%) of hepatocytes and other comet indicators. Results:(1) D-mannitol, EMS and MNU did not show significant toxicity in the whole animal. (2) The mean values of tail DNA content percentage (DNA%) of rat hepatocytes in EMS [(60.07±24.69)%] and MNU [(41.66±22.35)%] groups were higher than that in the negative control group [(2.32±1.39)%] and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The difference between D-mannitol group [(3.06±3.30)%] and the negative control group was not significant (P>0.05). Conclusion:This laboratory has established a comet test method using hepatocytes from treated rats. Among three testing chemicals, EMS and MNU have displayed genotoxicity by this assay, but no genotoxicity was observed in D-mannitol treated animals.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882035

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognosis of two rare imported patients with human African trypanosomias (HAT) after treatment in a follow-up study, and to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy, so as to provide insights into the treatment of imported HAT patients. Methods The white blood cells in cerebrospinal fluid samples and the trypomastigotes in cerebrospinal fluid and blood samples were monitored in an imported case with Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense infection 1, 3, 11 and 25 months post-treatment and in an imported case with T. brucei gambiense infection 1, 3, 8 and 12 months post-treatment to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis. Results There were 1, 1, 4 and 2 white blood cells in per μL of cerebrospinal fluid in the case with T. brucei rhodesiense infection 1, 3, 11 and 25 months post-treatment, and there were 3, 6, 4 and 3 white blood cells in per μL of cerebrospinal fluid in the case with T. brucei gambiense infection 1, 3, 8 and 12 months post-treatment. In addition, no trypomastigotes were identified in the cerebrospinal fluid or blood samples of either case with T. brucei rhodesiense or T. brucei gambiense infection. Conclusion Following standardized treatment, two imported cases with human African trypanosomiasis cases recover satisfactorily, without any signs of relapse.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881045

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis is a health problem to cause global concern. A lot of methods have been used to prevent and treat osteoporosis, but there is still a lack of effective treatment for osteoporosis owing to limited understanding of its mechanism. Therefore, the aim of this present study is to explore the underlying mechanism of Wuling Powder, a traditional Chinese medicine on treating osteoporosis. In this study, we firstly screened and identified the common targets between Wuling Powder and osteoporosis through the related databases, and then explored the relationships among these targets, Wuling Powder and osteoporosis by using Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and network analyses. Subsequently, the molecular docking was performed by using systemsDock to evaluate the potential binding relationships between the active components of Wuling Powder and their related targets. The results showed that in total of 14 common targets including CREBBP, ADAM17, GOT1, GAPDH, USP8, ERBB2, EEF1A1, MTOR, RAC1, ETS1, DDX58, GCK, EGF and S100A8 were screened. EGF, ERBB2, MTOR and HIF-1 were the potential therapeutic targets for osteoporosis, and they were also the related targets for predicting active components in Wuling Powder. Taken together, we concluded that Wuling Powder might be used to treat osteoporosis through above these targets.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880179

ABSTRACT

Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a blood system disease mediated by autoimmune mechanism. Currently, the goal of treatment for primary ITP is to keep patients' peripheral platelet count at a safe level to prevent severe bleeding. Recently, avatrombopag and fostamatinib have been approved by the FDA for the treatment of primary ITP in adults, while new drugs such as rozanolixizumab, efgartigimod, PRTX-100, decitabine and atorvastatin have shown efficacy in early clinical trials. This review summarizes the current accepted therapies for the clinical treatment of primary ITP in adults, and briefly discuss the progress of new therapies.


Subject(s)
Adult , Hemorrhage , Humans , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , Splenectomy
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879180

ABSTRACT

This study aims to study the chemical components from the gum resin of Boswellia carterii. Five cembranoid diterpenes were isolated from the gum resin of B. carterii by various of column chromatographies including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, mass spectrometry(MS), nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR), Ultraviolet(UV) and infrared(IR) spectroscopic data. These compounds were identified as(1S,2E,4R,5S,7E,11E)-4-methoxy-5-hydroxycembrane(1),(1R~*,4R~*,5E,8E,12E,15E)-4-hydroxycembra-5,8,12,15-tetraene(2), cembrene A(3),(3S,4S,7R)-4-hydroxycembrane(4), and pavidolide D(5). Compound 1 was a new compound. Compounds 2, 4, and 5 were obtained from the gum resin of B. carterii for the first time. Compound 2 showed weak inhibition on the human liver cancer cell line HepG2.


Subject(s)
Boswellia , Cell Line , Diterpenes , Humans , Molecular Structure , Resins, Plant
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879094

ABSTRACT

This article aims to investigate the ameliorative effect of Linderae Radix ethanol extract on hyperlipidemia rats induced by high-fat diet and to explore its possible mechanism from the perspective of reverse cholesterol transport(RCT). SD rats were divided into normal group, model group, atorvastatin group, Linderae Radix ethanol extract(LREE) of high, medium, low dose groups. Except for the normal group, the other groups were fed with a high-fat diet to establish hyperlipidemia rat models; the normal group and the model group were given pure water, while each administration group was given corresponding drugs by gavage once a day for five weeks. Serum total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-c), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-c), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) levels were measured by automatic blood biochemistry analyzer; the contents of TC, TG, total bile acid(TBA) in liver and TC and TBA in feces of rats were detected by enzyme colorimetry. HE staining was used to observe the liver tissue lesions; immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of ATP-binding cassette G8(ABCG8) in small intestine; Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma/aerfa(PPARγ/α), liver X receptor-α(LXRα), ATP-binding cassette A1(ABCA1) pathway protein and scavenger receptor class B type Ⅰ(SR-BⅠ) in liver. The results showed that LREE could effectively reduce serum and liver TC, TG levels, serum LDL-c levels and AST activity, and increase HDL-c levels, but did not significant improve ALT activity and liver index; HE staining results showed that LREE could reduce liver lipid deposition and inflammatory cell infiltration. In addition, LREE also increased the contents of fecal TC and TBA, and up-regulated the protein expressions of ABCG8 in small intestine and PPARγ/α, SR-BⅠ, LXRα, and ABCA1 in liver. LREE served as a positive role on hyperlipidemia model rats induced by high-fat diet, which might be related to the regulation of RCT, the promotion of the conversion of cholesterol to the liver and bile acids, and the intestinal excretion of cholesterol and bile acids. RCT regulation might be a potential mechanism of LREE against hyperlipidemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biological Transport , Cholesterol/metabolism , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Hyperlipidemias/metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Triglycerides/metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888084

ABSTRACT

Bupleuri Radix, serving as the sovereign medicinal in many antidepressant compound preparations, has been proved effective in treating depression in mice, but its effect on the intestinal flora remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of Bupleurum chinense(one of the original materials of Bupleuri Radix) on the behaviors and the diversity of intestinal flora of depressed mice. A depression mouse model was induced by repeated social defeat stress. Specifically, C57 BL/6 J male mice were exposed to the attack from the CD-1 mice. Then, C57 BL/6 J male mice were divided into a depression group and a B. chinense group, with normal saline and B. chinense administered(ig) respectively. Sucrose preference test and tail suspension test were conducted during and after the experiment respectively, to analyze the effects of B. chinense on the behaviors of the depressed mice. The feces were collected after the experiment. The V3-V4 16 S rDNA regions of intestinal flora of mice in each group were sequenced by Ion S5 TMXL for the analysis of the number of operational taxonomic units(OTUs), richness, alpha and beta diversity indexes, and differential phyla and genera. The results indicated that B. chinense could decrease depressive-like behaviors of mice, increase sucrose preference, and shorten the time of immobility in tail suspension test. After B. chinense intervention, the relative abundance of Firmicutes was significantly decreased, while that of Bacteroidetes was increased at the phylum level. At the genus level, the relative abundance of Lactobacillus and Lachnoclostridium decreased(P<0.05), while that of Bacteroides, Alistopes, etc. was elevated(P<0.05). The findings demonstrate that B. chinense can regulate the intestinal flora and improve the depressive-like behaviors of mice with depression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bupleurum , Feces , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Lactobacillus , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878370

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine increases in average height among Chinese children and adolescents.@*Methods@#The data were obtained from the China Health and Nutrition Survey conducted during the period 1989-2015. A stratified multistage cluster sampling method was utilized to select participants aged 2-22 years in each province. Linear regression was used to examine the effects of age, birth cohort, and survey period on height.@*Results@#A total of 15,227 males and 13,737 females were included in the final analysis. Age (A) showed a continuous effect on height. The average heights of the investigated groups increased continuously during the investigation period. By 2015, the average height of the overall group increased by 7.87 cm compared to the average height during the 1989 survey. Moreover, birth year (cohort, C) also had a stable effect on height. Using the height of individuals born in or before 1975 as a reference, the average height of each birth cohort increased in comparison to the previous birth cohort.@*Conclusions@#The height of Chinese children and adolescents was affected by age, period, and cohort effects, and this effect is governed by certain rules. The age-period-cohort model can be used to analyze the trends of children's and adolescent's heights. The findings provide a scientific basis for the formulation of children's and adolescents' growth and development policies in China.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adolescent Development , Adolescent Health , Age Factors , Body Height , Child , Child Development , Child Health , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Health Status Indicators , Health Surveys , Humans , Linear Models , Male , Sex Factors , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907730

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of tidal volume (Vt DI) on pulse pressure variation (ΔPP DI) during deep inspiration maneuvers in spontaneously breathing patients with sepsis and to test if adjusting ΔPP DI by Vt DI can further improve its ability in predicting fluid responsiveness (FR). Methods:Spontaneously breathing, nonintubated sepsis or septic shock patients who were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of the Characteristic Medical Center of Chinese People's Armed Police Force and Nanjing Gaochun People's Hospital were prospectively enrolled from October 2017 to October 2019. Volume expansion (VE) was performed by infusing 500 mL saline over 20 min. Prior to VE, measurements including pulse pressure variation and tidal volume were obtained during quiet spontaneous breathing (ΔPP TB and Vt TB, respectively) and during the deep inspiration maneuver (ΔPP DI and Vt DI, respectively). Patients were classified as responders if stroke volume (SV) increased ≥ 15% after VE, otherwise non-responders. Multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to investigate the correlation of ΔPP DI with Vt DI and VE-induced percentage changes in SV (ΔSV). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and the gray zone approach were used to assess the ability of each index to predict FR. Changes in gray zone limits according to the cost ratio (R = cost[false positive (FP)]/cost[false negative (FN)]) were also evaluated. Results:Of the included 31 patients, 17 were responders. There was no significant difference in ΔPP TB between fluid responders and non-responders ( P>0.05), whereas ΔPP DI was significantly higher in responders than in non-responders [(19.1±7.4)% vs (11.2±4.5)%; P=0.001]. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of ΔPP DI predicted FR was 0.832, sensitivity of 76.47% and specificity of 71.43%, which was significantly higher than ΔPP TB (AUC=0.580, sensitivity of 47.06% and specificity of 71.43%; P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that both Vt DI and ΔSV were independently associated with ΔPP DI ( P<0.01), the AUC of ΔPP DI adjusted by Vt DI was signigicantly higher than that of ΔPP DI alone ( P=0.03). Among the ΔPP TB, ΔPP DI and ΔPP DI/Vt DI, ΔPP DI/Vt DI had the narrowest gray zone (12.7-14.5) for the normal fluid policy (R=1), which only included 19% of the patients. When applying "restrictive" fluid management (R=2), the gray zone for ΔPP DI/Vt DI was 12.8-14.5 and included only 2 patients (6.5%). Conclusions:In spontaneously breathing, nonintubated patients with sepsis or septic shock, the ΔPP value obtained during the deep inspiration maneuver predicts FR with moderate accuracy. Given the close correlation between Vt DI and ΔPP DI, ΔPP DI adjusted by Vt DI performs better than ΔPP DI alone in predicting FR.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906462

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the clinical efficacy of modified Wendantang combined with Xueyaping recipe in the middle aged and young people with hypertension and syndrome of phlegm dampness accumulation, and investigate its effect on metabolism. Method:One hundred and twenty patients were divided into control group and observation group averagely. Patients in both groups got lifestyle intervention and bisoprolol maleate tablets, 5-10 mg/time, 1 time/day. Patients in observation group additionally took modified Wendantang combined with Xueyaping recipe, 1 dose/day. Patients in control group addiiotnally got placebo granules Banxia Tianma Wan, 6 g/time, 2 times/day. The treatment was continued for 12 weeks in both groups. Blood pressure was measured at home to measure the compliance rate of blood pressure during the treatment and after the treatment. Before and after treatment, 24 h mean systolic blood pressure (24 h SBP), 24 h mean pulse pressure (24 h PP), 24 h mean diastolic blood pressure (24 h DBP), blood pressure variability (BPV) [24 h systolic blood pressure standard deviation (24 h SSD), 24 h diastolic blood pressure standard deviation (24 h DSD), systolic blood pressure variation coefficient (nSCV), and diastolic blood pressure variation coefficient (nDCV) were recorded,compare night coefficients]. Scores of syndrome of phlegm dampness accumulation, body mass index (BMI) and waist hip ratio (WHR) were evaluated. Levels of uric acid (UA), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterin (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterin (LDL-C), fasting blood glucose (FBG) and fasting insulin (FINS), insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), homocysteine (Hcy), Cystatin C (CysC), angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang Ⅱ) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) were measured. In addition, the safety was evaluated. Result:Compliance rate of blood pressure in observation group was 94.74%(54/57), higher than 80.70% (46/57) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.211, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Levels of 4 h SBP, 24 h DBP, 24 h PP, 24 h SSD, 24 h DSD, nSCV, nDCV, Hcy, CysC, AngⅡ, and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B in observation group were all lower than those detected from control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Score of syndrome of phlegm dampness accumulation was lower than that in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Levels of UA, TC, TG, LDL-C and HOMA-IR were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), while level of HDL-C was higher than that detected from control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Based on lifestyle and western medicine intervention, Wendantang combined with Xueyaping recipe can further control the blood pressure level, reduce the symptoms of phlegm dampness retention syndrome, improve blood pressure variability, improve the compliance rate of blood pressure, improve the metabolism of patients and reduce the risk factors of ASCVD in middle aged and young people with hypertension.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of Chaihu Shugansan combined with abdominal acupuncture on depression caused by chronic pain,and to explore its mechanism. Method:A total of 97 patients with depression caused by chronic pain were randomly divided into control group (49 cases) and observation group (48 cases). Patients in both groups received routine western medicine treatment,including necessary psychological intervention and taking paroxetine. Control groupobservation groupcontrol group Patients in control group were treated with Xiaoyaowan,and patients in observation group were treated with Chaihu Shugansan combined with abdominal acupuncture. Both groups were treated for 6 weeks. The levels of serum neurotransmitters,cytokines and Hamilton depression rating scale(HAMD) before and after treatment were compared between two groups<bold>.</bold> Result:There was no significant difference in HAMD scores of the two groups before treatment and the HAMD scores of two groups after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05),and the HAMD scores in observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no significant difference in the levels of serum 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT),norepinephrine (NE),and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) between two groups before treatment. After treatment,the levels of serum 5-HT,NE,and BDNF in two groups were significantly higher than those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05),and the levels in observation group were significantly higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no significant difference in the levels of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6),interleukin-1<italic>β</italic> (IL-1<italic>β</italic>) and tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>) before treatment. After treatment,the levels of serum IL-6,IL-1<italic>β</italic> and TNF-<italic>α</italic> were significantly lower than those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05),and the levels in observation group were significantly lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:On the basis of psychological intervention and paroxetine administration,the combination of Chaihu Shugansan and abdominal acupuncture exerts their respective advantages. It treats both symptoms and root causes of depression,relieves the degree of depression,reduces the classification of depression,and regulates the levels of neurotransmitter and cellular inflammatory factors,and inhibits inflammatory response. The clinical effect is significant.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906428

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of modified Huangqi Biejiatang combined with auricular acupressure on diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) due to Qi and Yin deficiency and serum myeloid differentiation factor 88/inhibitor of nuclear factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (MyD88/I<italic>κ</italic>B) signaling pathway. Method:One hundred and forty cases were randomly divided into an observation group (<italic>n</italic>=70) and a control group (<italic>n</italic>=70). In addition to routine treatments like dietary intervention and the regulation of fasting blood glucose (FBG) and blood pressure, the modified Huangqi Biejiatang combined with auricular acupressure was further provided in the observation group, while mecobalamine was administered in the control group. After four-week intervention, the toronto clinical scoring system (TCSS) score, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score, the conduction velocities of motor and sensory nerves (median nerve, common peroneal nerve, tibial nerve, and ulnar nerve), glucose metabolism indexes [fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2 h postprandial blood glucose (2 h PG), and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)], intestinal genera (<italic>Clostridium</italic>, <italic>Prauserella</italic>, <italic>Bacteroides</italic>, and <italic>Faecalibacterium</italic>), as well as the serum MyD88, I<italic>κ</italic>B<italic>α</italic>, and phosphorylated I<italic>κ</italic>B<italic>α </italic>(p-I<italic>κ</italic>B<italic>α</italic>) levels in the MyD88/I<italic>κ</italic>B signaling pathway before and after treatment were observed in the two groups, for comparing their clinical efficacy and safety. Result:The total effective rate of the observation group was 85.3% (58/68), which was higher than 48.5% (32/66) of the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=6.143, <italic>P</italic><0.05). The comparison with the control group revealed that the scores of TCSS and TCM syndrome, the levels of FPG, 2 h PG, HbA1c, MyD88, and p-I<italic>κ</italic>B<italic>α</italic>, as well as the abundances of <italic>Clostridium</italic> and <italic>Prauserella</italic> in the observation group were decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), while the conduction velocities of motor and sensory nerves (median nerve, common peroneal nerve, tibial nerve, and ulnar nerve) were significantly accelerated (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Besides, the abundances of <italic>Bacteroides</italic> and <italic>Faecalibacterium</italic> and I<italic>κ</italic>B<italic>α</italic> level were significantly elevated (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions in the observation group was 1.5% (1/68), lower than 12.1% (8/66) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.328, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:The modified Huangqi Biejiatang combined with auricular acupressure alleviates DPN due to Qi and Yin deficiency, which may be attributed to the regulation of serum MyD88/I<italic>κ</italic>B signaling pathway.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906375

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen the active components of sovereign medicinal Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix in Rongjin Niantong formula based on bioinformatics and network pharmacology and observe their effects on therapeutic targets of osteoarthritis (OA) in <italic>in vivo</italic> and <italic>in vitro</italic> animal experiments. Method:The main active components and therapeutic targets of Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix were retrieved from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and the differentially expressed genes relevant to OA from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database for cross analysis. The effects of main active components in Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix on enriched therapeutic targets of rats with OA <italic>in vivo </italic>and <italic>in vitro</italic> were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. Result:There were 20 active components for Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix against OA, with quercetin being an important one. Among the three target genes, osteopontin (OPN) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1(PAI-1) were the key ones in the network. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis yielded 227 related terms, involving the regulation of physiological response to trauma (GO: 1903034), negative regulation of trauma response (GO: 1903035), etc. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis revealed 12 related pathways, involving extracellular matrix receptor interaction (hsa04512) and so on. In animal experiments, compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited increased gene and protein expression of OPN and PAI-1. Compared with the model group, the quercetin group displayed decreased gene and protein expression of OPN and PAI-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.05). In cell experiments, the OPN and PAI-1 protein expression levels in the model group were increased as compared with those in the normal group, while the Collagen Ⅱ protein expression was decreased. The OPN and PAI-1 protein expression levels in the quercetin group and the inhibitor group were down-regulated in contrast to those in the model group, whereas the Collagen Ⅱ protein expression levels were up-regulated significantly (<italic>P<</italic>0.05). Conclusion:Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix<italic> </italic>inhibits cartilage degeneration and exerts the preventive and therapeutic effects against OA, which is possibly due to the efficacy of its active component quercetin in down-regulating the expression of OPN and PAI-1 in chondrocytes and up-regulating the Collagen Ⅱ protein expression.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906135

ABSTRACT

Presently, tumor has become an important factor threatening human health, and how to cure tumor effectively is still one of the most important problems in the modern medical field. Mongolian medicine has a long history, and is an important component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), with distinctive national characteristics. It has been gradually formed and developed by absorbing Tibetan medicine,Indian medical theory and TCM. It has the advantages of a low toxicity,diverse structures and effect in modulating immune responses,with a important value and application perspectives. This paper focused on literatures from China National Knowledge Infrastructure,WanFang and Pubmed databases in recent years,with Mongolian medicine,anti-tumor and mechanism of action as the key words. The relevant literatures were collected, and the anti-tumor mechanisms of Mongolian medicinal in inhibiting cell proliferation, affecting cell cycle,inducing apoptosis,suppressing tumor invasion and metastasis,controlling angiogenesis and regulating immune status were summarized, in the hope to provide a reference for prevention and treatment of tumors with Mongolian medicine. The survey results showed that the study methods for Mongolian medicine at this stage were mostly simple, with a low overall level and based on in vitro cell level. However,the antitumor mechanism of Mongolian medicine compounds was not deeply studied. The material basis and mechanism of Mongolian medicine shall be further studied by modern medicine and bioscience techniques. Long-term goals and plans shall be established to form their own characteristics and advantages.

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