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2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3071-3087, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921407

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the genome editing technologies based on the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated protein (CRISPR/Cas) have developed rapidly. The system can use homologous directed recombination (HDR) to achieve precise editing that it medicated, but the efficiency is extremely low, which limits its application in agriculture and biomedical fields. As an emerging genome editing technology, the CRISPR/Cas-mediated DNA base editing technologies can achieve targeted mutations of bases without generating double-strand breaks, and has higher editing efficiency and specificity compared with CRISPR/Cas-mediated HDR editing. At present, cytidine base editors (CBEs) that can mutate C to T, adenine base editors (ABEs) that can mutate A to G, and prime editors (PEs) that enable arbitrary base conversion and precise insertion and deletion of small fragments, have been developed. In addition, glycosylase base editors (GBEs) capable of transitioning from C to G and double base editors capable of editing both A and C simultaneously, have been developed. This review summarizes the development, advances, advantages and limitations of several DNA base editors. The successful applications of DNA base editing technology in biomedicine and agriculture, together with the prospects for further optimization and selection of DNA base editors, are discussed.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , DNA/genetics , Gene Editing , Technology
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1017-1020, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921002

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect between cotton-moxibustion and compound flumetasone ointment, and observe the effect on quality of life in patients with chronic eczema.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 patients with chronic eczema were randomized into an observation group (33 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (33 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the observation group, cotton-moxibustion was adopted on target skin lesion, once a day, 3 cones a time. In the control group, external application of compound flumetasone ointment was given twice a day. The treatment for 3 weeks was required in the both groups. Before treatment and 1,2,3 weeks into treatment, scores of visual analogue scale (VAS), eczema area and severity index (EASI) and dermatology life quality index (DLQI) were observed, and the recurrence rate was evaluated in the follow-up one month after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the VAS scores of 1,2,3 weeks into treatment, the EASI and DLQI scores of 2,3 weeks into treatment were decreased in the both groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Cotton-moxibustion can effectively improve the pruritus symptom, skin lesion and quality of life in the patients with chronic eczema, the therapeutic effect is superior to the external application of compound flumetasone ointment.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Eczema/drug therapy , Humans , Moxibustion , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1010-1014, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921001

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect between acupoint application of @*METHODS@#A total of 62 KOA patients with knee swelling after knee arthroscopy were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 31 cases in each group. In the control group, cold compress was adopted after surgery, 3 times a day. On the basis of the treatment as the control group, acupoint application of @*RESULTS@#The VAS scores 3, 5 and 7 days into treatment were lower than those before treatment in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupoint application of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Arthroscopy , Humans , Knee Joint , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Pain , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1152-1162, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910702

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of connexin-43 (Cx43) in steroid-induced osteonecrosis of femoral head and osteoblasts in rats and its regulation mechanism.Methods:The model of steroid-induced osteonecrosis of femoral head (SIONFH) of rat was established. Micro-CT and HE staining were used to observe the degree of bone trabecular destruction and the incidence of empty lacunae. The expression levels of Cx43 and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway related molecules and osteoblast-related proteins in model group and control group were detected by RT-PCT and Western blot. The osteoblast (OB) of rats was further isolated and cultured in vitro. Under treatment of dexamethasone (Dex), Cx43 expression in OB cells was detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence. Western blot was used to detect the effect of glucocorticoid (GC) on the expression of related molecules of PI3K/Akt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Akt activator (SC79) and PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) were used to study the molecular mechanism of Dex regulation on Cx43 expression in OB cells. The regulatory relationship between β-catenin and Cx43 was investigated by immunoprecipitation and small interfere RNA (siRNA) technology.Results:The model of SIONFH in rats was successfully established, which proved that Cx43 expression level in the SIONFH model group was significantly lower than that in the control group, and the expression level of Cx43 was positively correlated with the expression of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway related molecules and osteoblast-related proteins Runx2, ALP and Collagen I Type (COL). In addition, in vitro culture of isolated rat OB cells, the expression of Cx43, p-PI3K, P-Akt and β-catenin in OB cells decreased gradually as the Dex action time went on. Moreover, SC79 pretreatment could significantly reverse the inhibitory effect of GCs on Cx43 expression, while LY294002 could significantly enhance the inhibitory effect of GCs on Cx43. In addition, the immunoprecipitation results showed that β-catenin expression was closely related to Cx43 expression, and further studies showed that β-catenin-siRNA could significantly down-regulate the expression of Cx43.Conclusion:Under the action of GC, the expression level of Cx43 in bone tissue and OB cells decreased significantly, and the possible mechanism was that GCs inhibited the expression of Cx43 by inhibiting the PI3K/Akt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which laid a new theoretical foundation for the further study of the role of Cx43 in the pathogenesis of steroid-induced femoral head necrosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910638

ABSTRACT

Circular RNA (circRNA) are a class of biologically conserved non-coding RNA. It has been found that various circRNA are differentially expressed in tumor tissues and are related with patients’ survival and prognosis. It’s shown that circRNA regulates microRNA (miRNA), interacts with proteins, regulates host gene expression, and translation of peptides. The early diagnosis rate of pancreatic cancer is low, and systemic chemotherapy has limited effect on the advanced patients with certain side effects. Basic researches showed that circRNAs affected the biological behavior of pancreatic cancer through a variety of signaling pathways, including MET/PI3K/Akt, ERK/VEGF, and Bcl-2/Caspase, suggesting that circRNAs are expected to be the biological markers and therapeutic targets for early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. This paper intends to summarize the characteristics, classification, function and mechanism of action of circRNA, as well as the research progress in pancreatic cancer, in order to provide basic theoretical support for the transformation of medical research into clinical application.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910633

ABSTRACT

Objective:This research aimed to study the relationship between preoperative CA19-9/GGT ratio and postoperative long-term survival in patients with distal cholangiocarcinoma.Methods:The clinical data of 121 patients with distal cholangiocarcinoma who underwent radical pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2013 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The ROC curve was drawn based on the preoperative CA19-9/GGT ratio and postoperative 1-year survival. Using the best cut-off value of CA19-9/GGT ratio, the 121 patients were divided into two groups: the low ratio group (CA19-9/GGT≤0.12, n=53) and the high ratio group (CA19-9/GGT>0.12, n=68). The clinical data of the two groups were compared, and the risk factors of long-term survival were analyzed. Results:There were 72 male and 49 female patients, aged (64.9±9.2) years. When compared with the high ratio group, the low ratio group had significantly less requirement for preoperative jaundice reduction, lower CA19-9, higher GGT, better tumor differentiation, and more patients without lymph node metastasis (all P<0.05). The median follow-up time was 26 months. The 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates of the low vs. high ratio groups were 89.4% vs. 64.7%, 64.4% vs. 14.1%, 48.7% vs. 14.1%, respectively (all P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that CA19-9/GGT ratio>0.12 ( RR=2.802, 95% CI: 1.494-5.256), poor differentiation ( RR=1.855, 95% CI: 1.106-3.111) and lymph node metastasis ( RR=1.891, 95% CI: 1.129-3.169) were independent risk factors for long-term survival ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The ratio of CA19-9/GGT could be used as an index to predict long-term survival of patients with distal cholangiocarcinoma after PD. The smaller the ratio, the better was the long-term prognosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862490

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a HPLC-MS/MS method for the absolute bioavailability study of salidroside in Beagle dogs. Methods Gastrodin was used as internal standard. Plasma samples were treated by protein precipitation and separated by Symmetry RP18 column (100 mm×4.6 mm, 3.5 μm). 0.1% formic acid in water(A) and 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile: methanol (20 : 80, V/V) (B) were used as the mobile phase for isocratic elution with 35% mobile phase B. The flow rate was 0.4 ml/min. Column temperature was 40 ℃. Injection volume was 2 μl. By electrospray ionization source (ESI) and multi-reaction monitoring (MRM) mode, the MRM ion pairs of salidroside and gastrodin were identified as m/z 299.1→118.9 and m/z 285.1→122.9, separately. Blood samples were collected at different time points after oral or intravenous administration of salidroside. The harvested plasma samples were analyzed by HPLC-MS/MS method to assess the pharmacokinetics and absolute bioavailability of salidroside. Results Excellent linearity(r>0.998 6) was found in the concentration range of 10−10 000 ng/ml for salidroside and the lowest quantitative concentration was 10 ng/ml. The recovery was 89.5%−91.8%. The intra-day precision (RSD) was less than 9.7%, and the inter-day precision (RSD) was less than 7.3%. After a single oral dose of 15 mg/kg or an intravenous injection of 1.5 mg/kg of salidroside, cmax was (9 680±3725) and (9 310±1 645) ng/ml; tmax was (1.25±0.67) and (0.011±0.017) h, AUC0−t was (20 535.4±5 200.0) and (4 646.7±720.5) ng·h/ml, AUC0−∞ was (20 607.9±5 266.2) and (4 691.6±715.2) ng·h/ml; t1/2 was (1.31±0.63) and (0.98±0.13) h, respectively. Conclusion The LC-MS/MS method established in this study was simple, rapid, sensitive and reliable. It meets the regulatory requirements of biological analysis for pharmacokinetic properties of salidroside in Beagle dogs. The absolute bioavailability of salidroside in Beagle dogs is (43.9±11.2)%.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879006

ABSTRACT

The study aiming at exploring the potassium-dissolving capacity of rhizosphere potassium-dissolving bacteria from diffe-rent sources and screen the strains with high potassium-dissolving ability, so as to lay a theoretical foundation for cultivation and quality improvement of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis sources. The rhizosphere soil of 10 wild and transplanted species from Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou provinces was used as the research object. Potassium-dissolving bacteria were isolated and purified, and their potassium-dissolving capacity was determined by flame spectrophotometry, and identified by physiological, biochemical and molecular biological methods. Twenty-six potassium-dissolving bacteria were purified and 13 were obtained from wild and transplanted strains respectively. It was found through the determination of potassium-dissolving capacity that the potassium-dissolving capacity of 26 strains was significantly different, and the mass concentration of K~+ in the fermentation broth were 1.04-2.75 mg·L~(-1), the mcentration of potassium were 0.01-1.82 mg·L~(-1). The strains were identified as Bacillus, Agrobacterium rhizome and Staphylococcus by physiological, biochemical and 16 S rDNA molecular methods, among them Bacillus amylolyticus(4 strains) was the dominant bacterium of Bacillus. The physiology and biochemistry of rhizosphere potassium-dissolving bacteria in P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis rhizosphere were diffe-rent, and the living environment were different, so the potassium-dissolving capacity also changed. Strain Y4-1 with the highest potassium decomposability was Bacillus amylolytic with a potassium increase of 1.82 mg·L~(-1). The potassium-dissolving ability and the distribution of potassium-dissolving bacteria were different in various habitats. The screening of potassium-dissolving bacteria provided a new strain for the preparation of microbial fertilizer. It is expected that B. amyloidococcus Y4-1 can be used as an ideal strain to cultivate mycorrhizal seedlings of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis.


Subject(s)
China , Liliaceae , Paenibacillus , Potassium , Rhizosphere , Soil
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878956

ABSTRACT

The wild resources of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis, a secondary endangered medicinal plant, are severely scarce. Introduction and cultivation can alleviate market demand. To screen phosphatolytic bacteria in the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and provide data support for the development of high-efficiency microbial fertilizer, in this study, the dilution plate coating method was used to isolate and screen the phosphorus solubilizing bacteria with the ability of mineralizing organic phosphorus from the rhizosphere soil of wild and transplanted varieties of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis in 10 different locations in Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou. After separation and purification, the phosphatolytic capacity was analyzed by qualitative and quantitative analysis. Combined with physiological and biochemical experiments, the strains were identified using 16 S rDNA sequencing analysis. Forty one strains were selected from the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis from 10 different habitats. Among them, 21 strains were obtained from the rhizosphere soil of the wild variety P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and 20 strains were obtained from the rhizosphere soil of the transplanted variety. And significance analysis found that 41 organophosphate solubilizing strains had significant differences in their ability to solubilize phosphorus. The amount of phosphate solubilizing was 0.08-67.61 mg·L~(-1), the pH value was between 4.27 and 6.82. The phosphatolytic amount of strain Y3-5 was 67.61 mg·L~(-1), and the phosphorus increase amount was 57.57 mg·L~(-1). All 41 strains were identified as Gram-positive Bacillus. Combining physiological characteristic and phylogenetic trees, Bacillus mobilis Y3-5 was finally selected as the candidate rhizosphere phosphatolytic bacteria of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. The distribution of phosphorus solubilizing bacteria in the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis was different, and there were significant diffe-rences in phosphorus solubility. Organophosphate-dissolving strain Y3-5 is expected to be a candidate strain of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis microbial fertilizer.


Subject(s)
Bacillus , Bacteria/genetics , China , Liliaceae , Phylogeny
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886537

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the clinical feasibility and safety of CT-guided percutaneous microwave ablation for peripheral solitary pulmonary nodules. Methods    The imaging and clinical data of 33 patients with pulmonary nodule less than 3 cm in diameter treated by CT-guided microwave ablation treatment (PMAT) in our hospital from July 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 21 males and 12 females aged 38-90 (67.6±13.4) years. Among them, 26 patients were confirmed with lung cancer by biopsy and 7 patients were clinically considered as partial malignant lesions. The average diameter of 33 nodules was 0.6-3.0 (1.8±0.6) cm. The 3- and 6-month follow-up CT was performed to evaluate the therapy method by comparing the diameter and enhancement degree of lesions with 1-month CT manifestation. Short-term treatment analysis including complete response (CR), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD) and progressive disease (PD) was calculated according to the WHO modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumor (mRECIST) for short-term efficacy evaluation. Eventually the result of response rate (RR) was calculated. Progression-free survival was obtained by Kaplan–Meier analysis. Results    CT-guided percutaneous microwave ablation was successfully conducted in all patients. Three patients suffered slight pneumothorax. There were 18 (54.5%) patients who achieved CR, 9 (27.3%) patients PR, 4 (12.1%) patients SD and 2 (6.1%) patients PD. The short-term follow-up effective rate was 81.8%. Logistic analysis demonstrated that primary and metastatic pulmonary nodules had no difference in progression-free time (log-rank P=0.624). Conclusion    PMAT is of high success rate for the treatment of solitary pulmonary nodules without severe complications, which can be used as an effective alternative treatment for nonsurgical candidates.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885551

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of different approaches for second-trimester multifetal pregnancy reduction on pregnancy outcome in women with dichorionic triamniotic (DCTA) triplet.Methods:A retrospective study was performed on 51 women with DCTA triplet pregnancies who were referred to Guangdong Women and Children Hospital for second-trimester multifetal pregnancy reduction from January 2014 to January 2020. All participants were divided into either preventive group ( n=39) or treatment group ( n=12) according to the indication for multifetal pregnancy reduction, and they were further allocated to three subgroups based on different reduction methods, which were reduction to dichorionic twin by radiofrequency ablation (RFA) (RFA subgroup), reduction to monochorionic singleton (KCl-singleton subgroup) or monochorionic twin (KCl-twin subgroup) by cardiac injection of potassium chloride. Pregnancy loss rate, neonatal birth weight, gestational age at delivery, incidence of intrauterine death, and neonatal death were compared and analyzed between different groups using t-test, analysis of variance, Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test and Bonferroni correction. Results:(1) The mean gestational week at operation in the treatment group was significantly later than that in the preventive group [(18.5±3.1) vs (15.0±2.3) weeks, t=-4.209, P<0.001]. In the preventive group, the mean gestational week at operation in the RFA subgroup was later than the KCl-singleton and KCl-twin subgroup[(17.2±1.6) vs (13.8±1.5) and (12.7±1.0) weeks, t=6.630 and 3.875, respectively, both P<0.05]. (2) The postoperative pregnancy loss rate in the preventive group was decreased compared with the treatment group [10.3%(4/39) vs 5/12, Fisher's exact test, P<0.05], and the live birth ratio was increased [ 85.7%(48/56) vs 10/18, χ2=5.640, P=0.018]. No live birth infants with birth weight <1 500 g was reported in the KCl-singleton subgroup in preventive group, and the statistical significance was observed in the intra-group differences ( P<0.05) rather than the pairwise comparison differences in the preventive group. For the proportion of live births, there was a statistically significant difference in the intra-group comparison in the treatment group, which was higher in the RFA subgroup than that in the KCl-twin subgroup (6/6 vs 1/6, P=0.045). No significant difference was revealed among pregnancy loss rate, gestational weeks at delivery, the mean birth weight, premature delivery <32 gestational weeks, and full-term birth rate among three different approaches within the two groups. (3) No monochorionic twin complications or perinatal death occurred in any RFA or KCl-singleton subgroups in the two groups. In the KCl-twin subgroups including five cases with ten fetuses, including three live birth, four miscarriage, three intrauterine death occured, while no neonatal death was reported. One case with selective fetal uterine growth restriction in the preventive group delivered two live births, and one case with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome in the treatment group had intrauterine death in one fetus and one survival neonate. Conclusions:The pregnancy outcome of multifetal pregnancy reduction to dichorionic diamniotic twins by RFA or reduction to singleton by cardiac injection of potassium chloride are comparative in women with DCTA triplet, regardless of whether it is a preventive or therapeutic reduction.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884685

ABSTRACT

Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is caused by the blockage of the blood supply of the femoral head due to by a variety of reasons, resulting in the death of the bone in the femoral head, which is characterized by osteonecrosis occurdead bone resorption-new bone formation. And total hip arthroplasty (THA) is the final choice for the vast majority of these patients. Though treating hard, it is necessary to choose an appropriate head-preserving treatment in the early stage to delay the time of THA.Methods to treat femoral head necrosis varies, however, it is still hard to have a uniform standard until now. Thus, this paper discusses the epidemiological characteristics, related risk factors, pathology, stage, current head-preserving methods and prognostic factors of femoral head necrosis, so as to further enhance clinicians' understanding of osteonecrosis of the femoral head and provide reference to choose more appropriate head-preserving methods for those patients. As demonstrated in literatures, in China, the incidence of non-traumatic ONFH in males is significantly higher than that in females, and it is more common in northern residents and urban residents. In addition, glucocorticoid intake, hyperlipidemia, heavy smoking and alcohol abuse tend to increase the risk of ONFH; Histologically, osteonecrosis and repair of the femoral head occurred after blood supply was blocked; In terms of pathological staging, Ficat staging is the most commonly used and most directly classification method; core decompression, non-vascularized bone grafting, vascularized bone grafting and osteotomy are still the mainstream surgical methods at present. Patient's age, etiology, stage, etc are important factors affecting the prognosis of ONFH. Therefore, surgeons can choose the most appropriate treatment for the patients according to their specific conditions and prognostic factors.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883530

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma(PDAC) and its relationship with the prognosis of patients with PDAC.Methods:From January 2001 to December 2012, 109 paraffin embedded PDAC tissue samples and 27 normal pancreatic tissue samples were collected from the Department of Pathology, Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University. The expression of HER2 protein in pancreatic tissue was detected by immunohistochemical Envision two-step method. HER2 expression was evaluated according to Hercept test, and its relationship with clinicopathological features and survival time was analyzed.Results:The expression of HER2 protein was negative (-) in 29.4% of PDAC tissues, weakly positive (+ ) in 35.8%, positive (+ + ) in 25.7% and strongly positive (+ + + ) in 9.2%, respectively, and the overexpression rate (+ + , + + + ) was 34.9%; the negative (-) and weakly positive (+ ) expression of HER2 protein in normal pancreatic tissues accounted for 88.9% and 11.1% respectively. There was no expression with positive (+ + ) or strongly positive (+ + + ), therefore, the overexpression rate was 0. The overexpression rate of HER2 protein in PDAC and normal pancreatic tissues was significantly different ( P=0.000). The expression of HER2 protein was significantly correlated with age, and the expression of HER2 protein in patients with PDAC over 65 years old was significantly higher than that in patients with PDAC under 65 years old ( P=0.043), but not with gender, tumor location, tumor grade, T stage, N stage and nerve invasion (all P>0.05). Univariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that HER2 expression was associated with postoperative survival time of patients with PDAC ( P=0.032). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that HER2 expression was an independent prognostic factor for survival of patients with PDAC ( P=0.040). The median survival period of patients with HER2 expression + + + was significantly longer than that of patients with HER2 expression -~+ + (128.4 months vs 21.5 months), and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.038). Conclusions:The overexpression of HER2 in PDAC tissue was related to the age of patients. The survival time of patients with HER2 strongly positive PDAC was significantly longer. HER2 can be considered as an index to evaluate the biological behavior and prognosis of PDAC.

15.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 238-242,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of fatty liver donor on the prognosis of benign liver disease liver transplantation.Methods:The clinical data of 229 recipients and donors who underwent liver transplantation at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2015 to December 2019 due to benign liver diseases were retrospectively analyzed. According to the degree of fatty degeneration of the donor liver, the patients were divided into non-fatty liver group( n=168), mild-medium fatty liver group( n=43), and severe fatty liver group( n=18). First, the overall prognosis after liver transplantation was analyzed, the general data of the donor and recipient were compared, and the perioperative complications of the three groups were compared. Finally, survival analysis was performed to compare the long-term prognosis of the three groups. Measurement data with the normal distribution were represented as ( Mean± SD), comparisons among groups were analyzed using t test. Comparisons of counting data between groups were analyzed using chi-square test. The theoretical frequency was less than 1. Fisher exact probability method was used, and variance analysis was used for the comparison among the multiple groups. Results:The overall 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year survival rates of the patients were 86.9%, 70.7%, 70.7%, respectively, and the average survival time was 53.1 months. The general data of donors and recipients were not significantly different among the three groups. The probability of perioperative transplanted liver failure, delayed liver function recovery, and acute kidney injury in recipients with severe fatty liver was significantly higher than that of mild to moderate fatty liver group and non-fatty liver group ( P<0.05). The results of survival analysis showed that the 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year survival rates of the non-fatty liver group were 90.5%, 71.7%, 71.7%, the mild-moderate group were 88.4%, 76.7%, 64.0% and the severe fatty liver group were 61.1%, 49.4%, 49.4%, the survival rate of patients with severe fatty liver was significantly lower than that of the other two groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Donor weight-grade steatosis leads to a higher incidence of transplanted liver failure, delayed liver function recovery, acute kidney injury, and worse long-term prognosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880055

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between the change of lymphocyte subsets before and after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) with disease severity of severe aplastic anemia (SAA) and hematologic response to IST.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 94 patients with SAA/VSAA treated by r-ATG and CsA in our hospital from December 2009 to October 2011 was analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 26 patients who had sequential data of lymphocyte subsets and cytokines before and after treatment were enrolled. The relationship between lymphocyte subsets, cytokine level before IST and disease severity, as well as the relationship between changes if lymphocyte subsets, changes of cytokine and the HR after IST for 6 months was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were no statistical differences in the ratio and absolute count of lymphocyte, the ratio and absolute count of each lymphocyte subsets, including CD3@*CONCLUSION@#The hematopoietic recovery and early hematologic remission may be affected by the intensity of immune suppression reflected from the changes of lymphocyte subsets and the immune reconstruction reflected from the recovery of lymphocyte subsets. The immune reconstruction is most significant within 3 months after IST.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Humans , Immunosuppression , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Lymphocyte Subsets , Retrospective Studies
17.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 188-196, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879748

ABSTRACT

Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) acts as a tumor promoter in advanced prostate cancer (PCa). We speculated that microRNAs (miRNAs) that are inhibited by TGF-β1 might exert anti-tumor effects. To assess this, we identified several miRNAs downregulated by TGF-β1 in PCa cell lines and selected miR-3691-3p for detailed analysis as a candidate anti-oncogene miRNA. miR-3691-3p was expressed at significantly lower levels in human PCa tissue compared with paired benign prostatic hyperplasia tissue, and its expression level correlated inversely with aggressive clinical pathological features. Overexpression of miR-3691-3p in PCa cell lines inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion, and promoted apoptosis. The miR-3691-3p target genes E2F transcription factor 3 (E2F3) and PR domain containing 1, with ZNF domain (PRDM1) were upregulated in miR-3691-3p-overexpressing PCa cells, and silencing of E2F3 or PRDM1 suppressed PCa cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Treatment of mice bearing PCa xenografts with a miR-3691-3p agomir inhibited tumor growth and promoted tumor cell apoptosis. Consistent with the negative regulation of E2F3 and PRDM1 by miR-3691-3p, both proteins were overexpressed in clinical PCa specimens compared with noncancerous prostate tissue. Our results indicate that TGF-β1-regulated miR-3691-3p acts as an anti-oncogene in PCa by downregulating E2F3 and PRDM1. These results provide novel insights into the mechanisms by which TGF-β1 contributes to the progression of PCa.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908950

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of PBL combined surgery video teaching in the clinical teaching of urology clerkship for foreign medical students with the help of WeChat platform.Methods:The foreign students attending clerkship in urology department in 2019 were divided into two groups, control group and experimental group. The students in control group were given traditional lecture-type clinical teaching, while the students in experimental group were given PBL combined surgery video teaching with the assistance of WeChat platform. The results of questionnaire survey on teaching feedback between the two groups were compared. SPSS 24.0 was used for t test. Results:The total score of the questionnaire results in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group ( P<0.05). The experimental group was more superior than the control group especially in the aspects of learning interest stimulation, clinical thought development, learning ability enhancement and team cooperation. Conclusion:The PBL combined surgery video teaching method based on WeChat platform can help to improve the learning effect of foreign medical students in urology clinical clerkship.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908809

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of superior mesenteric artery priority approach in infracolic compartment in the surgical treatment of resectable pancreatic head cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 79 patients with resectable pancreatic head cancer who underwent radical pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2016 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the surgical approach, they were divided into arterial priority approach group (arterial priority group, 48 cases) and conventional approach group (conventional approach group, 31 cases). The arterial priority group was to first explore the superior mesenteric artery in the subcolone, then cut off the tumor blood supply after ascertaining that the tumor can be removed, and finally remove the tumor and anastomose it routinely. The conventional approach group underwent traditional radical PD. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, intraoperative blood transfusion, lymph node metastasis, number of lymph node dissections, resection criteria, tumor length diameter, degree of tumor differentiation, occurrence of postoperative complications (pancreatic fistula, impaired gastric emptying, abdominal bleeding, biliary fistula and diarrhea), postoperative hospital stay and postoperative chemotherapy were observed. The patients were followed up by the way of outpatient and/or telephone. The follow-up time was up to March 2021. The survival rate was calculated by Kaplan Meier method.Results:Compared with the conventional approach group, the amount of intraoperative bleeding in the arterial priority group was significantly reduced (400 ml vs 600 ml, P=0.005), the intraoperative blood transfusion rate was significantly reduced (39.6% vs 64.5%, P=0.030), the number of lymph node dissections was significantly increased (19 vs 13, P=0.024), the R 0 resection rate was significantly increased (83.3% vs 58.1%, P=0.013), but the incidence of diarrhea was significantly increased (39.6% vs 16.1%, P=0.027). The differences were statistically significant. The median survival time of arterial priority group and conventional approach group was both 19 months. The overall survival rates of 1, 2 and 3 years were 72.0%, 39.5%, 28.5% and 64.1%, 33.7% and 15.4% respectively. The median tumor free survival time was 15 months and 12 months. There was no significant difference. However, the 1, 2 and 3-year tumor free survival rate of patients in arterial priority group was significantly improved (61.2%, 39.5% and 25.9% vs 46.0%, 21.3% and 7.1%, P=0.042) , and the difference was statistically significant. Conclusions:Superior mesenteric artery priority approach in infracolic compartment can improve R 0 resection rate, prolong postoperative survival time, reduce recurrence and improve prognosis.

20.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 439-444,F1, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907459

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the infiltration of B10 cells in the anastomotic tissue after choledochojejunostomy by establishing a rat model of choledochojejunostomy.Methods:24 male SPF SD rats aged 6 weeks and weighing 180-200 g were randomly divided into control group, 1-week group, 2-week group and 4-week group, with 6 samples in each group. The rats were killed at different time after operation to obtain the anastomotic tissue and peripheral blood. The changes of anastomotic diameter were measured. The changes of inflammatory factors in peripheral blood were determined by ELISA. Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of B10 cells in peripheral blood and tissues around the anastomotic site. The formation of anastomotic scar was evaluated by histopathological section. IL-10 and TGF-β1 gene expression were detected by qPCR. The measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as ( Mean± SD). Analysis of variance was used to compare the measurement data of multiple groups. T test was used to compare the measurement data between the two groups. Results:The diameter of anastomotic stoma gradually narrowed with time after choledochojejunostomy, which was(2.7± 0.3) mm at the 4st week after operation; However, liver function and inflammation index reached the peak at the 2st week after operation, and then gradually returned to normal level; The proportion of B10 cells in peripheral blood did not change significantly in each period after operation, but the infiltration of B10 cells in anastomotic tissue increased significantly, which was significantly higher than that in the control group at the first week after operation [(16.6±4.0)% vs (1.1±0.3)%, P<0.05], and it was still higher than that of the control group at the 4st week after operation [(7.5±1.3)% vs (1.1±0.3)%, P<0.05]; The pathological staining of anastomotic tissue showed that with the passage of time, the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the bile duct wall increased, the proliferation of collagen fibers, the thickening of bile duct wall, and then led to scar formation; Expression of IL-10 and TGF-1β in anastomotic tissue after operation. At the 4st week after operation, IL-10 gene expression was still higher than that of the control group [(1.4±0.6) vs (0.5±0.2), P<0.05], the gene expression of TGF-1β was increased continuously and was higher than that of the control group [(3.9±0.9) vs (0.3±0.2), P<0.05]. Conclusion:The content of B10 cells in the anastomotic tissue of rats after choledochojejunostomy is significantly increased, and the expression of IL-10 gene is high, which may play a role in regulating local scar formation.

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