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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 515-519, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985901

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the short-time efficacy of empagliflozin in the treatment of glycogen storage disease type Ⅰb (GSD Ⅰb). Methods: In this prospective open-label single-arm study, the data of 4 patients were collected from the pediatric department in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from December 2020 to December 2022. All of them were diagnosed by gene sequencing and had neutropenia. These patients received empagliflozin treatment. Their clinical symptoms such as height and weight increase, abdominal pain, diarrhea, oral ulcer, infection times, and drug applications were recorded at 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, 12 months, and 15 months after treatment to assess the therapeutic effect. The liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was used to monitor the changes in 1, 5-anhydroglucitol (1, 5AG) concentration in plasma. At the same time, adverse reactions such as hypoglycemia and urinary tract infection were closely followed up and monitored. Results: The 4 patients with GSD Ⅰb were 15, 14, 4 and 14 years old, respectively at the beginning of empagliflozin treatment, and were followed up for 15, 15, 12 and 6 months, respectively. Maintenance dose range of empagliflozin was 0.24-0.39 mg/(kg·d). The frequency of diarrhea and abdominal pain decreased in cases 2, 3, and 4 at 1, 2 and 3 months of treatment, respectively. Their height and weight increased at different degrees.The absolute count of neutrophils increased from 0.84×109, 0.50×109, 0.48×109, 0.48×109/L to 1.48×109, 3.04×109, 1.10×109, 0.73×109/L, respectively. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor was gradually reduced in 1 patients and stopped in 3 patient. Plasma 1, 5 AG levels in 2 children were significantly decreased after administration of empagliflozin (from 46.3 mg/L to 9.6 mg/L in case 2, and from 56.1 mg/L to 15.0 mg/L in case 3). All 4 patients had no adverse reactions such as hypoglycemia, abnormal liver or kidney function, or urinary system infection. Conclusion: In short-term observation, empagliflozin can improve the symptoms of GSD Ⅰb oral ulcers, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and recurrent infection, also can alleviate neutropenia and decrease 1, 5AG concentration in plasma, with favorable safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Prospective Studies , Glycogen Storage Disease Type I/drug therapy , Neutropenia , Abdominal Pain , Diarrhea/drug therapy , Hypoglycemia
2.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 1046-1052, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998998

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo clarify the value of the left ventricular longitudinal strain(LVLS)parameters in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) and primary hypertension with left ventricular hypertrophy (HLVH). MethodsForty-one patients confirmed with CA were selected and assigned to CA with hypertension group (n =14) and pure CA group (n=27) based on the initial diagnosis with or without hypertension. Twenty patients with primary hypertension-induced left ventricular hypertrophy (HLVH group) and twenty healthy controls were also selected, matching for gender, age, and body surface area. Clinical data, conventional echocardiography parameters were collected and LVLS parameters were measured. Within-group variations were compared among the four groups, and pairwise comparisons were conducted between groups. The sensitivity and specificity of each parameter in predicting CA were judged by the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curvy in CA and HLVH patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) preserved. ResultsAmong the conventional echocardiography parameters, LVEF and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) were lower in the CA with hypertension group and pure CA group compared with the higher values in the HLVH group and control group. Whereas, left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT), relative wall thickness (RWT), and average E/e' were higher in the two CA groups compared with the HLVH group (all P<0.05).Among the LVLS parameters, Global longitudinal strain (GLS) was the worst in the CA with hypertension group so as pure CA group, modest in the HLVH group, and highest in the control group. On the contrary, relative longitudinal strain and ejection fraction strain ratio (EFSR) were the highest in the CA with hypertension group so as to pure CA group, modest in the HLVH group, and lowest in the control group (all P<0.05). ROC analysis showed that when LVEF was preserved, the absolute value of GLS less than 14.35% and EFSR higher than 4.28 could effectively distinguish CA from HLVH (all AUCs>0.9,all P<0.05); meanwhile GLS showed high sensitivity(100%) and EFSR showed great specificity(95%). There were not statistically significance in any parameter between CA with hypertension group and pure CA group(all P>0.05). ConclusionWhether CA was complicated with hypertension or not, there were statistically significance among routine echocardiography and LVLS parameters compared with HLVH. In particular, GLS and EFSR are accurate in predicting CA in patients with myocardial hypertrophy and preserved LVEF.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 90-95, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) on psychological and physical function and quality of life in patients with rectal cancer.Methods:From May 2014 to May 2019, 200 patients were included. LARS scale score was adopted, and the clinical and pathological data were collected. Univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were performed. the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life core questionnaire and psychological distress management screening tool survey were conducted to evaluate the quality of life and psychological state. The incidence of postoperative sexual dysfunction in male patients was analyzed.Results:The incidence of LARS was 43.0%. Multivariate analysis showed that body mass index ≥24 kg/m 2, anastomotic leakage, anastomotic distance ≤5 cm from anal margin, and preoperative radiotherapy were independent risk factors for LARS ( OR=2.123, 15.109, 7.302, 12.682, all P<0.05).The overall health level and the scores of physical function and emotional function in the functional dimension of patients in the severe LARS group were significantly lower than those in the no/mild LARS group ( t=5.788, 8.831, 8.745, all P<0.05). The scores of fatigue and diarrhea were significantly higher than those in the no/mild LARS group ( t=26.280, 49.476, all P<0.05). The psychological distress thermometer score and the scores of communication , emotional and physical problems in the severe LARS group were significantly higher than those in the no/mild LARS group ( t=4.246, 6.563, 5.913, 4.408, all P<0.05). Conclusion:LARS is a common complication after Dixon procedure for rectal cancer. Body mass index ≥24 kg/m 2, anastomotic leakage, anastomotic distance from anal margin ≤5 cm, and preoperative radiotherapy are independent risk factors for LARS.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 612-617, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991680

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Compound Duzhong Jiangu Granules on joint function, quality of life and inflammatory factors in patients with Kashin-Beck disease.Methods:By group design, 135 patients with Kashin-Beck disease in Chongxin County, Pingliang City, Gansu Province, were selected and divided into intervention group (100 cases treated with Compound Duzhong Jiangu Granules, 12 g/bag, 1 bag/time, 3 times/day, treatment for 1 month) and control group (35 cases treated with ibuprofen, 0.3 g/capsule, 1 capsule/time, 2 times/day, treatment for 2 weeks) according to the randomized, single-blind principle. The changes of joint dysfunction index score, joint function improvement rate, total scores of Kashin-Beck disease quality of life (KBDQOL) and scores of each dimension were analyzed before treatment, 1 month and 3 months after treatment. The serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), nuclear factor κB (NFκB)-p65, inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2), nitric oxide (NO), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay before treatment and 1 month after treatment.Results:The total scores of joint dysfunction index of the intervention group and the control group 1 month after treatment and 3 months after treatment were lower than those before treatment, but 3 months after treatment was higher than 1 month after treatment ( P < 0.001). One month after treatment, the total effective rates of joint function improvement in the intervention group and the control group were 68.00% (68/100) and 54.55% (18/33), respectively; 3 months after treatment, the total effective rates of the intervention group and the control group were 36.00% (36/100) and 39.39%(13/33), respectively. The total scores and scores of each dimension of KBDQOL were not significant for the main effect of the group ( P > 0.05), but significant for the main effect at the time point ( P < 0.05), and there was no interactive effect ( P > 0.05). There were significant differences in the scores of social support and mental status dimensions in the intervention group at different time points ( P < 0.001). And in the intervention group, the total score, the scores of physical function, activity limitation, economy and overall health dimensions were statistically significant between before treatment and 1 month after treatment, 1 month after treatment and 3 months after treatment( P < 0.05); however, there was no significant difference between before treatment and 3 months after treatment ( P > 0.05). One month after treatment, the serum PGE2 levels of both groups were decreased ( P < 0.05), and there was no difference in other inflammatory factors at different groups and time points ( P > 0.05). Conclusion:Compound Duzhong Jiangu Granules can effectively inhibit the inflammatory reaction of patients with Kashin-Beck disease, promote the improvement of joint function and improve the quality of life in various aspects.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 384-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991326

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of early clinical clerkship training in the early exposure to clinical practice of eight-year program medical students.Methods:Experimental control method was used in this study. A total of 120 eight-year program medical students in the third year of Batch 2014 to 2016 from the Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology were selected as the research objects. The students of each grade were randomly selected by computer and divided into experimental group and control group, with 20 students in each group. Before early clinical exposure, the experimental group received 16 class hours of early clinical clerkship training, while the control group did not receive early clinical clerkship training. After the early clinical exposure, the clinical diagnosis and treatment ability of the two groups of students was compared. SPSS 24.0 software was used for t test. Results:The scores of medical history inquiry of experimental group and control group were [(17.45±1.96) points and (15.95±1.93) points; (18.30±1.03) points and (16.75±1.86) points; (17.95±1.36) points and (16.40±1.60) points, respectively]. The physical examination scores were [(17.75±1.65) points and (16.05±1.64) points; (17.85±1.18) points and (16.80±1.47) points; (18.25±1.16) points and (16.85±1.63) points, respectively]. The clinical judgment scores were [(18.15±1.42) points and (16.35±2.41) points; (18.20±1.24) points and (16.65±1.53) points; (18.35±1.35) points and (16.25±1.83) points, respectively]. Diagnosis and treatment scheme scores were [(17.15±1.57) points and (14.55±2.56) points; (17.30±1.42) points and (15.90±1.48) points; (17.80±1.06) points and (16.35±1.87) points, respectively]. The scores of communication skills were [(17.95±1.15) points and (17.00±1.19) points; (18.55±0.83) points and (17.45±1.50) points; (18.45±1.00) points and (17.45±1.23) points, respectively], with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The application of early clinical clerkship training in the early exposure to clinical practice of eight-year program medical students can improve the quality of students' clerkship.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 326-331, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990181

ABSTRACT

Objective:Use linear programming model to predict the allocation of surgical nursing human resources, and optimize the allocation of nursing staff.Methods:This study was a controlled clinical trial. A total of 91 nurses from 5 surgical departments in Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were selected by convenience sampling method. The nurses who participated in the scheduling in August and September 2020 were the routine scheduling groups, and in March and April 2021 were the linear scheduling groups. The linear programming model of surgical nursing human resources was established. The LINGO 11.0 software was used to calculate the minimum number of nurses required for the next day operation. According to the predicted results and the requirements of the operation specialty and rank level, the surgical staff was arranged for the next day. The overtime hours of nurses in the routine scheduling groups and the linear scheduling groups were compared and analyzed.Results:The number of on-duty nurses was the same in 4 groups, the overtime hours of the conventional scheduling groups in August and September 2020 and the linear scheduling groups in March and April 2021 were 865 (505, 1 435), 780 (475, 1 355), 650 (460, 910) and 720 (350, 915) min, the difference of overtime hours was statistically significant ( H=13.66, P<0.05). The overtime hours of the routine scheduling group in August 2020 were significantly different from those of the linear scheduling group in March 2021 and April 2021 respectively ( Z=-2.69, -2.55, both P<0.05). The overtime hours of the routine scheduling group in September 2020 were significantly different from those of the linear scheduling group in March 2021 and April 2021 respectively ( Z=-2.62, -2.58, both P<0.05). Conclusions:The linear programming model was used to predict the human resource allocation of surgical nursing staff, optimized the allocation of operating room human resources. It reduced the overtime hours of surgical nursing staff effectively. Indirectly, it accelerated operations, improved operation efficiency and ensured the safety of patients.

7.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 689-693, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989689

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of self-made Xiaogan Tiaopi Kaiwei Decoction combined with conventional western medicine therapy in the treatment of infantile anorexia of spleen-stomach weakness.Methods:Randomized controlled trial. A total of 100 children with anorexia of spleen-stomach weakness ,who were treated in the First Clinical Medical College of Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine between April 2020 and September 2021, were selected as the observation subjects in a prospective cohort study, and they were divided into two groups by the random number table method, with 50 in each group. The control group was given routine treatment, and the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) group was given self-made Xiaogan Tiaopi Kaiwei Decoction on the basis of the control group. The TCM syndromes were scored before and after treatment. The levels of trace elements such as iron, zinc and calcium were detected by atomic spectrometer, the absorptivity of D-xylose was measured by colorimetry. The adverse events during treatment were recorded. After 6 months of follow-up, the height, weight and BMI were measured and recorded, and the clinical efficacy was assessed.Results:The total response rate was 96.0% (48/50) in the TCM group and that in the control group was 84.0% (42/50) ( χ2=4.00, P=0.046). The scores of decreased appetite, anorexia, sallow complexion, abdominal fullness and distention and shortness of breath and laziness to speak and total score in the TCM group after treatment were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=12.47, 13.42, 14.19, 16.39, 9.15, 17.72, P<0.01). The levels of blood trace elements such as iron [(414.58 ± 57.52) mg/L vs. (350.85 ± 53.33) mg/L, t=5.75 ], zinc [(8.26 ± 1.55) mg/L vs. (7.64 ± 1.37) mg/L, t=2.12 ] and calcium [(77.26 ± 15.30) mg/L vs. (71.05±14.26) mg/L, t=2.10] and urine D-xylose absorption rate [(31.76±5.28) % vs. (27.97 ± 4.61) %, t=3.82 ] in the TCM group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.01 or P<0.05). During treatment, there was no serious adverse reaction in the TCM group and 1 case of nausea in the control group. There was no statistical significance in the incidence rate of adverse reactions between the two groups ( χ2=1.01, P=0.315). After follow-up, the weight in the TCM group was significantly higher than that of the control group ( t=2.17, P=0.032). Conclusion:Self-made Xiaogan Tiaopi Kaiwei Decoction combined with conventional western medicine therapy can relieve the clinical symptoms, promote the absorption of trace elements and improvement of spleen-stomach function, and enhance the long-term efficacy in the treatment of children with anorexia of spleen-stomach weakness, and it has no adverse reactions.

8.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 679-683, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005689

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To explore the correlation between hospital ethics atmosphere and work engagement of nurses in emergency department, and provide a basis for reasonably solving ethical issues and improving nurses’ work engagement. 【Methods:】 From May 2019 to May 2021, the convenient sampling method was used to select 350 nurses from emergency departments of four tertiary or above hospitals in Xi’an as the research subjects. The Ethical Climate Cognitive Scale and the Work Engagement Scale were used to evaluate the hospital ethical atmosphere and work engagement of nurse, and analyze their correlation. The univariate factor analysis and multiple factor analysis were used to explore the influencing factors. 【Results:】 The work engagement score of emergency department nurses was (51.69±11.09) points, and the ethical atmosphere score was (72.78±11.45) points. The results of univariate analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences in the work engagement scores among emergency department nurses with different educational backgrounds, hospital grades, hospital employment methods, and whether they had received ethics training (P<0.05). The results of multiple factor analysis indicated that the cognition of hospital ethical atmosphere, hospital employment methods, and whether they had received ethics education and training were all factors that affected work engagement (P<0.05). 【Conclusion:】 The hospital ethical atmosphere is positively correlated with the work engagement of emergency department nurse. The ethical atmosphere and work engagement of nurses are both at a moderate level, with significant room for improvement. Therefore, it is necessary to continue to strengthen the management support of emergency nursing work and improve the perceived level of recognition and respect among emergency department nurses in the organization.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 774-781, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013819

ABSTRACT

Aim To express and purify rhα-Gal A with a 6 X His tag via using a serum-free expression system in high-density suspension culture of Chinese hamster ovary cells ( CHO-S) , and to verify the scavenging effect of rhα-Gal A on globular trisaccharide ceramide (Gb3 or GL3) . Methods The construction of recombinant protein expression vector, pcDNA4-GLA, was achieved by fusing the human α-galactosidase cDNA, gla, with 6 X His tag and artificial DNA synthesis. The expression plasmid was transfected into the suspended CHO-S to express rhα-Gal A and then purified. Following this procedure, we determined rhα-Gal A's expression, the enzymatic activity, and the glycosylation of the recombinant enzyme. Co-incubation with cultured cells was performed to examine whether rhα-Gal A could be taken up into the cells and effectively remove Gb3 substrates. Results rhα-Gal A was successfully expressed and purified after transiently transfecting pcDNA4-GLA into the suspended CHO-S, and the yield was up to (100 ±20. 6) mg • L

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1444-1450, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013726

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of methionine restriction on the proliferation, migration and invasion of human oral squamous carcinoma CAL-27 cells. Methods Cell proliferation and colony formation ability were detected by cell counting and colony forming assay. The changes in cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by propidium iodide (PI) staining flow cytometry and Annexin V/7-amino-actinomycin staining flow cytometry. The migration and invasion ability of CAL-27 was detected by scratch and Transwell assay. The expression levels of apoptosis proteins Bax and Bcl-2, cyclins CDK2 and CDK4 and migration and invasion proteins N-cadherin and E-cadherin were examined by Western blot. Results Methionine restriction significantly inhibited the proliferation and clone formation of oral squamous cancer cell CAL-27 (P < 0. 01), induced cell cycle arrest at G

11.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 598-603, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953836

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of Blastocystis hominis infection among children with diarrhea under five years of age in Guangzhou City. Methods Children with diarrhea under 5 years of age admitted to Guangzhou Children’s hospital, Guangzhou Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital and Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center during the period between January 1 and December 31, 2020, were enrolled. Participants’ demographics, living environments and health status were collected using questionnaire surveys. Stool samples were collected from participants and nucleic acid was extracted. B. hominis infection was identified using PCR assay and sequence alignment, and the factors affecting B. hominis infection among children with diarrhea under 5 years of age were identified using univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 684 children with diarrhea under 5 years of age were enrolled, including 468 male children and 216 female children, with a mean age of (1.79 ± 1.12) years. The overall prevalence of B. hominis infection was 4.97% [34/684, 95% confidential interval (CI): (3.59%, 6.86%)] among participants, and there was no significant difference in the prevalence of B. hominis infection between children with chronic [7.52% (20/266), 95% CI: (4.92%, 11.33%)] and acute diarrhea [3.35% (14/418), 95% CI: (2.01%, 5.54%)] (χ2 = 5.983, P = 0.014). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified keeping pet [odds ratio (OR) = 6.298, 95% CI: (2.711, 14.633)], drinking non-tap water [OR = 4.522, 95% CI: (1.769, 11.561)], lactose intolerance [OR = 4.221, 95% CI: (1.043, 17.087)], antibiotic use [OR = 0.125, 95% CI: (0.017, 0.944)] and chronic diarrhea [OR = 2.172, 95% CI: (1.018, 4.637)] as factors affecting B. hominis infection among children with diarrhea under 5 years of age in Guangzhou City. Conclusions B. hominis infections is detected in children with diarrhea under five years of age in Guangzhou City. Improving home environments and pet-keeping hygiene is recommended to reduce the likelihood of B. hominis infection among children.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 112-117, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969685

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the advantages and safety of Plerixafor in combination with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in autologous hematopoietic stem cell mobilization of lymphoma. Methods: Lymphoma patients who received autologous hematopoietic stem cell mobilization with Plerixafor in combination with G-CSF or G-CSF alone were obtained. The clinical data, the success rate of stem cell collection, hematopoietic reconstitution, and treatment-related adverse reactions between the two groups were evaluated retrospectively. Results: A total of 184 lymphoma patients were included in this analysis, including 115 cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (62.5%) , 16 cases of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (8.7%) , 11 cases of follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (6.0%) , 10 cases of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (5.4%) , 6 cases of mantle cell lymphoma (3.3%) , and 6 cases of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (3.3%) , 6 cases of NK/T-cell lymphoma (3.3%) , 4 cases of Burkitt's lymphoma (2.2%) , 8 cases of other types of B-cell lymphoma (4.3%) , and 2 cases of other types of T-cell lymphoma (1.1%) ; 31 patients had received radiotherapy (16.8%) . The patients in the two groups were recruited with Plerixafor in combination with G-CSF or G-CSF alone. The baseline clinical characteristics of the two groups were basically similar. The patients in the Plerixafor in combination with the G-CSF mobilization group were older, and the number of recurrences and third-line chemotherapy was higher. 100 patients were mobilized with G-CSF alone. The success rate of the collection was 74.0% for one day and 89.0% for two days. 84 patients in the group of Plerixafor combined with G-CSF were recruited successfully with 85.7% for one day and 97.6% for two days. The success rate of mobilization in the group of Plerixafor combined with G-CSF was substantially higher than that in the group of G-CSF alone (P=0.023) . The median number of CD34(+) cells obtained in the mobilization group of Plerixafor combined with G-CSF was 3.9×10(6)/kg. The median number of CD34(+) cells obtained in the G-CSF Mobilization group alone was 3.2×10(6)/kg. The number of CD34(+) cells collected by Plerixafor combined with G-CSF was considerably higher than that in G-CSF alone (P=0.001) . The prevalent adverse reactions in the group of Plerixafor combined with G-CSF were grade 1-2 gastrointestinal reactions (31.2%) and local skin redness (2.4%) . Conclusion: The success rate of autologous hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in lymphoma patients treated with Plerixafor combined with G-CSF is significantly high. The success rate of collection and the absolute count of CD34(+) stem cells were substantially higher than those in the group treated with G-CSF alone. Even in older patients, second-line collection, recurrence, or multiple chemotherapies, the combined mobilization method also has a high success rate of mobilization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization/methods , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Heterocyclic Compounds/adverse effects , Lymphoma/drug therapy , Lymphoma, T-Cell/therapy , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous
13.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 72-81, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967496

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: Ischemia and hemorrhage of pituitary adenomas (PA) caused important clinical syndrome. However, the differences on clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes between these two kinds apoplexy were less reported. @*Methods@#: A retrospective analysis was made of patients with pituitary apoplexy between January 2013 and June 2018. Baseline and clinical characteristics before surgery were reviewed. All patients underwent transsphenoidal surgery and were followed up at least 1 year. @*Results@#: Total 67 cases (5.8%) among 1147 pituitary tumor patients were enrolled, which consisted of 28 (~2.4%) ischemic PA and 39 (~3.4%) hemorrhagic PA. There were more male patients in the ischemic group compared with hemorrhagic group (78.6% vs 53.8%, p=0.043). However, the mean age, tumor size and functional tumor ratio were significant higher in the hemorrhagic group. Headache was more common in ischemic PA (82.1%) than that of hemorrhagic PA (51.3%, p=0.011). Magnetic resonance imaging findings found that mucosal thickening and enhancement of the sphenoid sinus was observed in 15 ischemic PA patients (n=27, 55.6%), but none in patients with hemorrhagic PA (n=38, p<0.0001). It was worth noting that the rate of pre-surgical hypopituitarism in ischemic PA patients were seemed higher than that in hemorrhagic PA patients, but not significant. The two groups got a total tumor resection rate at 94.1% and 92.9%, independently. No significant difference on the operative time, blood loss in operation and complications in perioperative period was observed in two groups. After operation, cranial nerve symptoms recovered to normal at 81.8% of ischemic PA patients and 82.6% of hemorrhagic PA patients. Importantly, the incidence of postoperative hypopituitarism partially decreased in both groups, among which the rate of hypothyroidism in ischemic PA patients significantly decreased from 46.4% to 18.5% (p=0.044). @*Conclusion@#: Patients with ischemic PA presented different clinical characteristics to the hemorrhagic ones. Transsphenoidal surgery should be considered for the patients with neuro-ophthalmic deficits and might benefit for pituitary function recovery of the apoplectic adenoma patients, especially pituitary thyroid axis in ischemic PA patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 96-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971157

ABSTRACT

Moderate and deep sedation can effectively relieve or eliminate the pain and body discomfort during wound dressing change in pediatric burn patients, relieve anxiety, agitation, and even delirium of the children, reduce the metabolic rate of the children, make them in a quiet, comfortable, and cooperative state, which is conducive to the smooth completion of dressing change. This paper summarized the three aspects of moderate and deep sedation in pediatric burn patients, including the overview, main points of implementation, and effects, and further introduced the moderate and deep sedation medication regimens for different routes of administration, as well as the content of evaluation and monitoring. Suggestions on the prevention and management of related complications and the management of moderate and deep sedation implementation procedures were put forward, in order to provide references for the development of moderate and deep sedation for wound dressing change in pediatric burn patients in China.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Bandages/adverse effects , Burns/therapy , Deep Sedation , Pain/complications , Pain Management/methods
15.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 321-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971080

ABSTRACT

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an autoimmune inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, and little is known about its immune mechanism at present. There is a lack of disease-related biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid except anti-NMDAR antibody, which leads to delayed diagnosis and treatment in some patients. Therefore, there has been an increasing number of studies on related cytokines in recent years to assess whether they can be used as new biomarkers for evaluating disease conditions and assisting diagnosis and treatment. Current studies have shown that some cytokines may be associated with the progression of anti-NMDAR encephalitis, and this article reviews the research advances in such cytokines associated with anti-NMDAR encephalitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytokines , Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis/therapy , Biomarkers
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 242-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970855

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the shape of the lateral wall and the early failure of internal fixation in the fracture of the femoral trochanteric region(FFT).@*METHODS@#Total 295 patients with femoral trochanteric fracture underwent internal fixation from January 2015 to January 2020 were selected. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether there was early internal fixation failure after surgery, 19 patients in the failure group and 276 patients in the normal group. Gender, affected side, age, AO classification, body mass index(BMI), preoperative hemoglobin, X-ray measurement of lower lateral wall thickness, preoperative internal diseases, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative tip apex distance(TAD), postoperative neck shaft angle, operation time and other data were compared between two groups. The shape of the lateral wall was compared between two groups, and the correlation between the shape of the lateral wall and the early internal fixation failure of femoral trochanteric fracture was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for more than 1 year. There was no significant difference between two groups in terms of intraoperative blood loss, operation time, postoperative TAD, and postoperative neck shaft angle(P>0.05). At the latest follow-up, the visual anaglue scale (VAS) of the failure group was higher than that of the normal group(P<0.01), and the Harris score of the failure group was lower than that of normal group(P<0.05). The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve between shape of lateral wall and failure of early internal fixation of femoral trochanteric fracture was drawn. The critical value of the midpoint lateral wall thickness was 16.5 mm, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.845;The critical value of average sidewall thickness was 16.5 mm, and the area under ROC curve was 0.838;The critical value of the axial area of the sidewall was 7.5 mm, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.826.@*CONCLUSION@#The shape of the lateral femoral wall measured by CT could be used as a predictive factor for the early failure of internal fixation of femoral trochanteric fractures. For patients at risk, more reasonable surgical plans and postoperative preventive measures should be developed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Bone Nails , Retrospective Studies , Hip Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal
19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1113-1117, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929489

ABSTRACT

Femtosecond laser small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)is one of the most advanced corneal refractive operations at present. Different from other traditional corneal refractive operations, SMILE achieves minimally invasive and valveless operation. Therefore, the evaluation of postoperative visual quality of SMILE also has its own characteristics, at present, the latest research at home and abroad has confirmed that the naked eye vision can be significantly improved and the refractive status is stable after SMILE. However, there are different understandings of the objective visual quality indexes and their influencing factors, such as higher-order aberration, modulation transfer function cut off(MTF cut off)and objective scatter index(OSI)after SMILE. This paper reviews the postoperative visual quality and its influencing factors after SMILE to provide clinical help.

20.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 26-26, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929154

ABSTRACT

The dorsal lingual epithelium, which is composed of taste buds and keratinocytes differentiated from K14+ basal cells, discriminates taste compounds and maintains the epithelial barrier. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundant mRNA modification in eukaryotic cells. How METTL3-mediated m6A modification regulates K14+ basal cell fate during dorsal lingual epithelium formation and regeneration remains unclear. Here we show knockout of Mettl3 in K14+ cells reduced the taste buds and enhanced keratinocytes. Deletion of Mettl3 led to increased basal cell proliferation and decreased cell division in taste buds. Conditional Mettl3 knock-in mice showed little impact on taste buds or keratinization, but displayed increased proliferation of cells around taste buds in a protective manner during post-irradiation recovery. Mechanically, we revealed that the most frequent m6A modifications were enriched in Hippo and Wnt signaling, and specific peaks were observed near the stop codons of Lats1 and FZD7. Our study elucidates that METTL3 is essential for taste bud formation and could promote the quantity recovery of taste bud after radiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Epithelium/metabolism , Homeostasis , Methylation , Methyltransferases/metabolism , RNA , Taste Buds/metabolism
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