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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 59-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927581

ABSTRACT

Vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) is a critical angiogenic factor which is mainly secreted from podocytes and epithelial cells in kidney and plays an important role in renal pathophysiology. In recent years, functions of different isoforms of VEGF-A and the new secretion approach via extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been identified. Thus, further understanding are needed for the role of VEGF-A and its isoforms in renal injury and repair. In this review, we summarized the expression, secretion and regulation of VEGF-A, its biological function, and the role of different isoforms of VEGF-A in the development of different renal diseases. Meanwhile, the research progress of VEGF-A as diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for renal diseases were discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney/metabolism , Kidney Diseases , Protein Isoforms/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/physiology
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927068

ABSTRACT

Toxocariasis is one of the most common geohelminth infections in several parts of the world. We describe a rare case of ocular toxocariasis with secondary exudative retinal detachment treated with albendazole and an intravitreal dexamethasone implant. A 13-year-old boy with counting finger vision was diagnosed with retinal vasculitis and exudative retinal detachment in his right eye. Fundoscopic examination revealed retinal hemorrhage, retinal vasculitis, and exudative retinal detachment. Serological test using serum and intraocular aqueous humor were positive for anti-Toxocara specific IgG antibodies. He received repeated doses of intravitreal dexamethasone implants combined with oral albendazole. A sequential follow-up optical coherence tomography revealed that the retina was successfully reattached. His visual acuity subsequently improved to 20/400.

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 135-142, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923225

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects and the underlying mechanisms of photoperiodism and exposure to bisphenol A(BPA) on hepatic lipid metabolism in female mice. METHODS: A 2×2 factorial design was used. The photoperiod factor was set to fixed and shifted photoperiod, and the BPA factor was set to BPA exposure(BPA group) and non-exposure(control group). Specific pathogen free female C57 BL/6 J mice were randomly divided into four groups: fixed photoperiod control group, shifted photoperiod control group, fixed photoperiod BPA group, and shifted photoperiod BPA group, with eight rats in each group. The fixed photoperiod mice received a 12 ∶12 hours light-dark cycle, and the shifted photoperiod mice experienced reversed light-dark cycle once a week. Mice in BPA group were administered a dose of BPA 50 μg/kg body weigh by gavage, while mice in control group were given a equal volume of corn oil, once per day, five days per week for 12 weeks. The body weight of mice was measured during the experiment. After 12 weeks, all mice in each group were sacrificed. Plasma was collected and the levels of biochemical parameters were measured. Liver tissues were separated for examination of lipid deposition using oil red O and hematoxylin-eosin staining, and plasma triglyceride levels were measured. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the mRNA relative expression of genes of fat metabolism in liver tissues. RESULTS: At the end of the experiment, the body weights of mice were higher than that before the experiment(all P<0.05), but there was no statistically significant difference in body weights among the four groups(all P>0.05). The levels of plasma glucose, triglyceride and activity of alanine aminotransferase were higher in shifted photoperiod mice than that in the fixed photoperiod mice(all P<0.05). The plasma aspartate transaminase level was higher in BAP group than that in control group(P<0.01). The area of lipid staining in hepatic tissue was larger in the shifted photoperiod control group, fixed photoperiod BPA group and shifted photoperiod BPA group(all P<0.05), and hepatic lipid droplets aggregation was increased in these three groups compared with the fixed photoperiod control group. The mRNA relative expression of acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase alpha(Acaca) was higher in the fixed photoperiod BPA and shifted photoperiod control groups(all P<0.05), compared with the fixed photoperiod control group. The relative expression of Acaca mRNA was lower in the shifted photoperiod BPA group than that in the fixed photoperiod BPA group(P<0.05). The mRNA relative expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein(Srebp) 1 and Srebp2 were significantly higher in the BPA group than that in the control group(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Both the single shifted photoperiod or BPA exposure can increase hepatic lipid deposition in female mice. The mechanism may be related to up-regulation of the mRNA expression of Acaca, Srebp1 and Srebp2. The shifted photoperiod in combination of BPA exposure has an antagonistic effect on the expression of Acaca mRNA in liver tissues of female mice.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879868

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of human oligodendrocyte precursor cell (hOPC) transplantation in the treatment of white matter injury (WMI).@*METHODS@#Neonatal rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a model group, and a transplantation group (@*RESULTS@#The place navigation test using the Morris water maze showed that the model group had a significantly longer escape latency than the sham-operation group, and compared with the model group, the transplantation group had a significant reduction in escape latency (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Intrathecal hOPC transplantation may alleviate neurological injury and promote remyelination in a rat model of WMI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Humans , Myelin Sheath , Oligodendrocyte Precursor Cells , Oligodendroglia , Rats , White Matter
6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1039-1043, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909664

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the of short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy on anxiety and depression of gout patients and its influence on well-being index, family function and compliance.Methods:60 gout patients were selected from June 2018 to December 2019 in the outpatient department of rheumatism and immunity department of Dongguan Kanghua Hospital by prospective case-control study. They were randomly divided into control group and treatment group, 30 cases respectively. Both groups were given gout related clinical treatment and routine nursing, and the treatment group was given short-term dynamic orientation psychotherapy. The treatment compliance, the psychological status, well-being index and blood uric acid (UA) level of the two groups were compared before intervention, immediately after intervention and 3 months after intervention.Results:The scores of Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the generalized anxiety disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7) in the two groups were gradually decreased immediately and 3 months after intervention ( P<0.05), and the scores of well-being index were gradually increased ( P<0.05); Compared with the control group, the scores of PHQ-9 and GAD-7 in the treatment group decreased more significantly ( P<0.05), and the score of well-being index increased more significantly ( P<0.05); The scores of communication, behavior control and total function of family function in the treatment group decreased gradually immediately after intervention and 3 months after intervention ( P<0.05), and were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05); The level of serum UA in the two groups decreased gradually immediately after intervention and 3 months after intervention ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in UA level at each time point between the two groups. The treatment compliance of the treatment group was significantly better than that of the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The short-term dynamic orientation psychotherapy for gout patients has obvious effect in improving the state of anxiety and depression, improving the index of well-being, family function and treatment compliance.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 902-910, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869042

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of minimally invasivetransforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) on lumbar multifidus muscle using MRI techniqueandits clinical significance.Methods:From September 2016 to July 2019, 23 patients who underwent MIS-TLIF surgery for unilateral symptomatic disc herniation in unilateral segments (L 3,4, L 4,5, L 5S 1) of Qingdao University Affiliated Hospital were studied. Their lumbar MR examination was performed 1 week before surgery, and 3 and 6 months after surgery. The axial section of multifidus muscle cross section area (AxCSA) was measured on the axial T2WI image of each intervertebral disc level before and after the operation. The ratio of long and short lines (RLS) was calculated, andthe ratio of axial section of muscle fat infiltration cross section area (FLSA) and AxCSAwasrecorded as FLSA/AxCSA. The changes of various indexes of multifidus muscle in the affected side and the healthy side of the lumbar spine before and after the operation were compared, and the effect of the MIS-TLIF procedure on the morphology of the multifidus muscle was observed. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) measurements of the muscle cross-section of the affected side were performed before and 6 months after the operation. The integral value of intracellular lipid (IMCL) and extracellular lipid (EMCL) of 1H spectrum muscle cells was compared, while the degree of fat infiltration was measured. Results:Patients with single-segment lumbar disc herniation had larger AxCSAin the healthy side than the affected side before surgery in surgical level ( t=6.611, P<0.05), and the muscle AxCSAin the healthy side was larger than the affected side in non-surgical levels ( t=-6.682, P<0.05), both suggested preoperative muscle volume advantage in the healthy side; no difference in bilateral AxCSA at 3 months was found after surgeryin surgical levels ( t=0.197, P> 0.05)and non-surgical levels ( t=-1.631, P> 0.05), which suggested bilateral muscle volume equal advantageat short-term follow-up. The FLSA/AxCSA of affected segment before and after 3 months was 9.5%±3.8% and 8.7%±1.5%, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.163, P<0.05); the RLS of affected segment before and after 3 months was 3.3%±0.24% and 2.7%±0.83%, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.42, P<0.05). The medians of EMCL/IMCL before and after 6 months of MRS were 2.010 and 1.475, respectively, and EMCL decreased after 6 months ( Z=0.48, P<0.05). Conclusion:Patients with single-segment lumbar disc herniation have different morphology of bilateral multifidus muscle before surgery. MIS-TLIF has little effect on the multifidus muscle of the surgical side. MIS-TLIF significantly reduces extracellular lipid accumulation, promotes intracellular transfer, and increases intracellular fat metabolism. Its retention of muscle attachment points and limited fixation can also reshape compensatory muscle atrophy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865936

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore a new teaching method for tourniquets based on BOPPPS teaching model with a goal of unconscious competence, and to maximally increase trainees' application effectiveness of tourniquets.Methods:Theoretic teaching was conducted in accordance with BOPPPS framework; practical curriculum design was made based on a reinforcing stimulus, which was needed in the progress changes within the "unconscious incompetence → conscious incompetence → conscious competence → unconscious competence". This new teaching method was used to train base-force soldiers' rescue skills, and its effect was compared with that of traditional teaching method. The data was analyzed by SPSS 19.0.Results:Trainees who received this new method of training were faster to use tourniquets than those who received traditional method.Conclusion:Applying the BOPPPS model and the conditioned reflex principle which reflected from unconscious incompetence to unconscious competence in the teaching of tourniquets can effectively improve trainees' skills, gaining better results in teaching.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816645

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Duodenal stump leakage (DSL) is a potentially fatal complication that can occur after gastrectomy, but its underlying risk factors are unclear. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors and management of DSL after laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer (GC).MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant data were collected from several prospective databases to retrospectively analyze the data of GC patients who underwent Billroth II (B-II) or Roux-en-Y (R-Y) reconstruction after laparoscopic gastrectomy from 2 institutions (Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, and HwaMei Hospital, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences). The DSL risk factors were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis regression.RESULTS: A total of 810 patients were eligible for our analysis (426 with R-Y, 384 with B-II with Braun). Eleven patients had DSL (1.36%). Body mass index (BMI), elevated preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) level, and unreinforced duodenal stump were the independent risk factors for DSL. DSL was diagnosed in 2–12 days, with a median of 8 days. Seven patients received conservative treatment, 3 patients received puncture treatment, and only 1 patient required reoperation. All patients recovered successfully after treatment.CONCLUSIONS: The risk factors of DSL were BMI ≥24 kg/m², elevated preoperative CRP level, and unreinforced duodenal stump. Nonsurgical treatments for DSL are preferred.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751769

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of mature rehmannia extract on platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) and b-cell lymphoma-2 (bcl-2) 2 in myocardial tissue of rats with myocardial infarction.Methods A total of 30 healthy SD rats were randomly divided into blank group,model group and rehmannia glutinosa group with 10 rats in each group.Myocardial infarction models were established in rats of model group and prepared Rehmannia glutinosa group.The rats in the prepared rehmannia glutinosa group were subcutaneously injected with the extract of the prepared Rehmannia glutinosa 4 g/kg.The rats in the blank group and the model group were subcutaneously injected with the same volume of saline.Once a day for 15 days.The cardiac function was measured by echocardiography in rats.The HE staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of myocardium.The levels of PDGF and Bcl-2 in myocardium were detected by ELISA.The levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF),basic fibroblast growth factor (BFGF) and CD34 protein were detected by immunoturbidimetry.Results Compared with the model group,the levels of LVDd,LVDs,LVEDs and LVESV in the Rehmannia glutinosa group were significantly decreased (P<0.05) and LVEF was significantly increased (P<0.05),while the levels of PDGF (0.53 ± 0.02 g/ml vs.0.35 ± 0.01 g/ml),Bcl-2 (1.04 ± 0.20 g/ml vs.0.84 ± 0.12 g/ml),VEGF (85.24 ± 12.45 pg/ml vs.65.26 ± 10.06 pg/ml),BFGF (86.27 ± 6.56 pg/ml vs.62.26 ± 4.37 pg/ml) and CD34 (102.36 ± 10.52 pg/ml vs.26.37 ± 3.94 pg/ml) in in the Rehmannia glutinosa group were significantly increased (P<0.05).Conclusions The Rehmannia glutinosa extract can improve the cardiac function of rats with myocardial infarction,Promote the formation of new blood vessels and improve myocardial damage.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744544

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of electromagnetic navigation system to locate the distal locking screw of tibia intramedullary nail. Methods From February 2010 to December 2016, 79 cases of tibia shaft fractures requiring treatment with intramedullary nailing were selected and divided into the navigation group and free hand locking group according to intramedullary nail locking methods. Forty-four cases in navigation group used an electromagnetic navigation system to lock the distal end of the intramedullary nail,while 35 cases in free hand locking group used a free-hand technique. The intraoperative X-ray exposure time,distal locking time,healing time, and the success rate of one-time distal locking were recorded compared between two groups. Results The average time of diatal locking using electromagnetic navigation technology was less than that of the free hand locking group,and the exposure time of fluoroscopy was also reduced, the differences were significant(P < 0. 05). There was no difference in fracture healing time between the two groups(P > 0. 05), one-time success rate of navigation group was 100%,which was higher than 37. 34% of the free hand locking group, the difference was significant(P < 0. 05). Conclusion Compared with free hand technology, the advantage of using electromagnetic navigation system to lock the distal nail of tibia intramedullary nail is high efficiency, short locking time and no radiation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818894

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the basic information and epidemic characteristics of new cases of cysticercosis in Dali Prefecture, Yunnan Province, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the prevention and control strategy of cysticercosis. Methods The data of inpatients in the Dali Parasitic Disease Prevention and Control Center from 2014 to 2017 were collected and the eligible data of new cases of cysticercosis were analyzed by the epidemiological method. Results There were 1 552 patients with cysticercosis, including 549 new cases of cysticercosis. Among the new cysticercosis patients, most were neurocysticer-cosis cases (484 / 549, 88.16%). The symptoms included epilepsy and headache (51.73%), headache (40.98%), and dizziness (18.76%). The new cysticercosis patients were mainly middle-aged male farmers of Bai nationality, and they were distributed in all counties (cities) of Dali Prefecture, especially in Eryuan County (26.78%), and Dali City (19.49%). The annual incidence rate was 4.423/105 in 2014, 3.837/105 in 2015, 3.765/105 in 2016, and 3.442/105 in 2017, and there was no significance among the different years’incidence ( χ2 = 4.595, P > 0.05). Conclusion Dali Prefecture is still an endemic area of cysticercosis. Therefore, the monitoring, prevention and control of the disease should be strengthened.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818772

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the basic information and epidemic characteristics of new cases of cysticercosis in Dali Prefecture, Yunnan Province, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the prevention and control strategy of cysticercosis. Methods The data of inpatients in the Dali Parasitic Disease Prevention and Control Center from 2014 to 2017 were collected and the eligible data of new cases of cysticercosis were analyzed by the epidemiological method. Results There were 1 552 patients with cysticercosis, including 549 new cases of cysticercosis. Among the new cysticercosis patients, most were neurocysticer-cosis cases (484 / 549, 88.16%). The symptoms included epilepsy and headache (51.73%), headache (40.98%), and dizziness (18.76%). The new cysticercosis patients were mainly middle-aged male farmers of Bai nationality, and they were distributed in all counties (cities) of Dali Prefecture, especially in Eryuan County (26.78%), and Dali City (19.49%). The annual incidence rate was 4.423/105 in 2014, 3.837/105 in 2015, 3.765/105 in 2016, and 3.442/105 in 2017, and there was no significance among the different years’incidence ( χ2 = 4.595, P > 0.05). Conclusion Dali Prefecture is still an endemic area of cysticercosis. Therefore, the monitoring, prevention and control of the disease should be strengthened.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817659

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To explore the effects of overexpressed senescence marker protein 30 (SMP30) on cell proliferation and antioxidative activity in human lens epithelial cell(HLEC)line SRA01/04 under high-calcium mediated oxidative stress. 【Methods】There were 3 groups in this experiment:SMP30 overexpressed group (OE,experimental group),NCOE group (negative control group) and SRA01/04 group (blank control group). OE and NCOE lentiviral vectors were used to transfect SRA01/04 respectively. A high- calcium- mediated- stress cell model was established by culturing cells with medium containing 15 mmol/L CaCl2 for 24 h. BrdU assay was used to measure cell proliferation. SOD assay kit and GSSG/T- GSH assay kit were used to detect the level of intracellular oxidative stress. 【Results】Green fluorescence protein could be observed in all transfected cell groups under fluorescence microscope and the transfection efficiency was close to 80% ,suggesting that OE cell model was constructed successfully. Under the high calcium culture conditions,the activity of relative cell proliferation and SOD in OE group[(3.89 ± 0.20)and(47.5 ± 4.3 U/mg)]were significantly higher than that in NCOE group[(2.82 ± 0.34)and(30.6 ± 4.2 U/mg)]and SRA01/04 group[(2.96 ± 0.25)and(26.8 ± 1.5 U/mg)],the ratio of GSSG/T-GSH in OE group(2.36 ± 0.51)was significantly lower than that in NCOE group(16.36 ± 2.48)and SRA01/04 group(20.12 ± 2.54)(n=3,P<0.05);there was no significant difference between NCOE group and SRA01/04 group (n=3,P>0.05). 【Conclusions】Overexpression of SMP30 increased the activity of cell proliferation and SOD,but decreased the ratio of GSSG/T- GSH in SRA01/04 cell(HLEC),indicating that SMP30 may alleviate the progression of high-calcium-mediated oxidative cell damage and possess the cytoprotective functions in HLEC.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777752

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the influence of trached extubation time on the emergent agitation during the recovery of sevoflurane combined anesthesia in infants. @*Methods@#Sevoflurane, propofol and remifentanil were combined to maintain general anesthesia after intubation. The propofol infusion was stopped 10 minutes before the operation, and the remifentanil infusion was stopped 5 minutes before the end of the operation. The sevoflurane concentration was reduced to 1%, and the oxygen flow was adjusted to 6 L/min when the sevoflurane inhalation was stopped. Ninety infant patients with cleft palate were randomized into 3 groups (n=30): 30 patients in group A were extubated within 5 minutes, 30 patients in group B were extubated between 5 and 10 minutes, and 30 patients in group C were extubated after 10 minutes. A postoperative agitation score was given after extubation and recorded away from the operating room. Propofol was administered when agitation occurred. The recovery time after the operation and time away from the operating room were recorded. @*Results@# The recovery times of group A, group B, and group C were 21.8 ± 2.5 minutes, 21.4 ± 2.1 minutes and 20.9 ± 1.3 minutes, respectively, although the differences were not significant (P > 0.05). The times away from the operating room of group A, group B, and group C were 8.1 ± 1.6 minutes, 5.2 ± 2.0 minutes and 2.1 ± 0.7 minutes, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). When endotracheal intubation was removed, the incidence of agitation in group A (26/30) was higher than that in group B (16/30) and group C (5/30), and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The incidence of agitation in group B was also significantly different from that in group C (P < 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Propofol, which is used to control coughing and prolong the extubation time, can effectively prevent emergent agitation during the recovery period from sevoflurane-based anesthesia in infants. The optimum time of extubation was 15 minutes.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704261

ABSTRACT

A taeniasis/cysticercosis information management system was designed to achieve the dynamic monitoring of the epidemic situation of taeniasis/cysticercosis and improve the intelligence level of disease information management.The system in-cludes three layer structures(application layer,technical core layer,and data storage layer)and designs a datum transmission and remote communication system of traffic information tube in Browser/Server architecture.The system is believed to promote disease datum collection.Additionally,the system may provide the standardized data for convenience of datum analysis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704237

ABSTRACT

Cysticercosis refers to a parasitic infection caused by the larvae of pork tapeworm Taenia solium.It is a parasitic zoonosis and listed by the World Health Organization(WHO)as one of the neglected tropical diseases.Cysticercosis is spread-ing all over the world through globalization and it mainly epidemic in developing countries.In the southwest and minority nation-ality areas of China,as a result of the low level of medical and health care,and the unchangeable diet custom,there are still many cases of cysticercosis,which is manifested as a local high prevalence.Neuroimaging is the preferred method for cysticerco-sis diagnosis,and by using CT and MRI scans it is possible to visualise the infecting cysticerci and assess their number and loca-tion within the central nervous system(CNS).The immunological assay is also required in the diagnosis.At present,the preven-tion and control of cysticercosis is still relatively weak.In this paper,the current status and research progress of cysticercosis are reviewed,and further suggestions on the prevention and control of cysticercosis are put forward.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616696

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the differences of retinal vessel oxygen saturation between diabetic and healthy subjects.Methods Seventy-one diabetic patients and 91 healthy persons were included diabetes group and control group respectively.Oxygen saturation was measured in retinal blood vessels in two groups using retinal Oxymap.The oxygen saturation in retinal arteries and veins about 1.5-3.0 disc-diameter from center of optic disc was analyzed by instrumental software.Results Among 71 cases of diabetics,there was no significant difference in retinal oxygen saturation between male and female,among different ages and duration of disorder (all P > 0.05).The retinal average arteriolar oxygen saturation in diabetes group was higher than that in control group (P =0.00).The diabetes group had the higher arteriolar oxygen saturation in all the quadrants,while only the superior temporal and inferior temporal showed significant difference statistically (all P <0.05).The retinal average venous oxygen saturation in diabetes group showed an upward trend although with no significance (P >0.05).Venous oxygen saturation in the diabetes group were higher in retinal superior temporal and inferior temporal quadrant and lower in retinal inferior nasal quadrant,there were significant statistical differences (all P < 0.05).The retinal arterio-venous oxygen saturation differences in diabetes group was higher than that in control group,there was significant statistical difference (P =0.00).Conclusion There is significant difference in retinal vessel oxygen saturation between diabetics and healthy subjects.There are different degrees of changes in retinal oxygen saturation among different quadrants,indicating uneven distribution of retinal oxygen metabolism in each quadrant.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665069

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression levels of miR-494 in breast cancer tissues and cell lines,and its correlations with the clinical stages,metastasis and prognosis of breast cancer.Methods The expression levels of miR--494 in 5 breast cancer cell lines,including MDA-MB-231,MDA-MB-453,HCC-1937,MDA-MB-468 and MCF-7,and normal breast cell line HBL-100,were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).The breast cancer tissues and normal adjacent tissues from 54 patients with breast cancer were collected,and their expression levels of miR-494 were determined by qRT-PCR.Then,the correlations of miR-494 levels with clinical stages,metastasis and prognosis of breast cancer were analyzed.Results The expression levels of miR-494 in MDA-MB-231,MDA-MB-453,HCC-1937,MDA-MB-468 and MCF-7 cells were significantly lower than that in HBL-100 cells (t =212.9,37.73,27.53,10.61 and 19.46,respectively,and all P <0.05).The expression levels of miR-494 in breast cancer tissues were also significantly lower than that in normal adjacent tissues (t =5.80,P < 0.01).Moreover,the expression of miR-494 was significantly related to the clinical stage (x2 =17.41,P <0.05),tumor grade (x2 =5.33,P <0.05),C-erbB-2 expression (x2 =9.83,P < 0.05) and the percentage of Ki-67 positive cells ((2 =6.13,P < 0.05) of breast cancer.Conclusion The expression levels of miR-494 are significantly dowrregulated in breast cancer tissues and cell lines,and related to the clinical stage,metastasis and prognosis of breast cancer,indicating that miR-494 may serve as a new biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of breast cancer.

20.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017; 30 (6 Supp.): 2429-2433
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-190231

ABSTRACT

Programmed cell death plays an important role in cardio protection, and Notch1 was an important factor related to programmed cell death. The role of Notch1 on ischemia myocardium remains unclear.H9C2 myocardial cells were cultured with routine medium, transfected with Notch1 over expression plasmid, Notch1-siRNA-overexpression plasmid and vehicle plasmid for further hypoxic experiment. Condition of hypoxic experiment was 1% oxygen centration and culturing for 12hours, then the cell proliferation activity and apoptosis rate was assessed by MTS kit and flow cytometry, respectively. The expressions of Caspase-3, Caspase-9 and Bcl-2 were determined by RT-qPCR and Western Blot, respectively. Compared with normoxia treatment, hypoxia could decrease H9C2 cell proliferation activity as well as Bcl-2 mRNA expression, and increase cell apoptosis rate as well as Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 mRNA expression. Notch1 activation could increase proliferation activity as well as Bcl-2 mRNA expression, while decrease apoptosis rate as well as Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 mRNA expression. Compared with Notch1 activation H9C2 cells, the opposite effect on programmed cell death was observed in cells with Notch1-siRNA-overexpression plasmid. Targeted activation of Notch1 gene to reduce hypoxia-induced programmed cell death in myocardial cells via up-regulating the expression of Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 and inhibiting the expression of Bcl-2

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