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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 352-362, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013623

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the molecular mechanism of Selaginella moelledorffii Hieron. in the treatment of laryngeal cancer. Methods According to the relevant literature reports, the chemical constituents of S. moellendorffii were obtained, and the active ingredients were screened out through the SwissADME database, and the targets were screened through the PharmMapper database. The laryngeal cancer-related targets were collected by searching OMIM and other databases, and the Venny 2.1.0 online platform was used to obtain the intersection of the two. Protein interaction analysis of the potential targets was performed using the STRNG platform. GO functional analysis and KEGG pathway analysis was carried out using DAVID database. Visual networks were built with Cytoscape 3.8.0 software. Molecular docking was validated by SYBYL-X 2. 0 software. MTT method, Hoechst 33258 staining method and Western blotting were also used for validation. Results At the molecular level, a total of 110 active ingredients of S. moellendorffii and 82 drug targets were screened out, 1,608 targets related to laryngeal cancer, and intersection of 34 targets. GO analysis yielded 135 entries, and KEGG analysis yielded a total of 61 pathways. Molecular docking results showed that the 11 key active ingredients such as 2", 3"-dihydrooch-naflavone wood flavonoids and 4 core target proteins such as MAPK1 had 95. 5% of good docking activity. At the cellular level, SM-BFRE was screened for its strongest inhibitory effect on laryngeal cancer cell proliferation through MTT assay. Furthermore, Hoechst 33258 staining showed that the decrease in Hep-2 cell viability produced by SM-BFRE was related to cell apoptosis. Finally, Western blot verified that SM-BFRE inhibited PI3K/Akt/NF through inhibition- K B/COX-2 pathway to induce apoptosis in laryngeal cancer cells. Conclusions To sum up, it fully reflects the multicomponent, multi-target, and multi-channel synergistic effect of S. moellendorffii in the treatment of laryngeal cancer, and provides a theoretical reference for further elucidation of the mechanism of action of S. moellendorffii in the treatment of laryngeal cancer.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 363-371, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013585

ABSTRACT

Aim To anticipate the mechanism of zuka- mu granules (ZKMG) in the treatment of bronchial asthma, and to confirm the projected outcomes through in vivo tests via using network pharmacology and molecular docking technology. Methods The database was examined for ZKMG targets, active substances, and prospective targets for bronchial asthma. The protein protein interaction network diagram (PPI) and the medication component target network were created using ZKMG and the intersection targets of bronchial asthma. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomics (KEGG) and gene ontology (GO) were used for enrichment analysis, and network pharmacology findings were used for molecular docking, ovalbumin (OVA) intraperitoneal injection was used to create a bronchial asthma model, and in vivo tests were used to confirm how ZKMG affected bronchial asthma. Results There were 176 key targets for ZKMG's treatment of bronchial asthma, most of which involved biological processes like signal transduction, negative regulation of apoptotic processes, and angiogenesis. ZKMG contained 194 potentially active components, including quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, and other important components. Via signaling pathways such TNF, vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), cancer pathway, and MAPK, they had therapeutic effects on bronchial asthma. Conclusion Key components had strong binding activity with appropriate targets, according to molecular docking data. In vivo tests showed that ZKMG could reduce p-p38, p-ERKl/2, and p-I

3.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 24-31, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005423

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism of Qizhenziyin mixture in the treatment of hypogonadism by using the network pharmacology approach. Methods The active components of Qizhenziyin mixture were obtained by searching TCMSP ,TCMID and HIT databases.The related targets of candidate compounds were obtained by searching STITCH databases. The potential targets of Qizhenziyin mixture in the treatment of hypogonadism were obtained by mapping the disease genes of hypogonadism with Genecards and DisGeNet databases. The protein interaction platform database (STRING) was used to construct the interaction relationship between action targets. The target protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by introducing Cytoscape software. The mechanism of Qizhenziyin mixture in the treatment of hypogonadism was explained through the enrichment analysis of GO, KEGG and molecular docking technology. Results A total of 148 drug-disease chemical compounds, 96 drug-disease intersection targets, 1085 disease targets were obtained;the components for treating diseases are: quercetin,kaempferol, luteolin, etc; enrichment analysis of GO revealed 1792 biological processes (BP), 31 cellular components (CC) and 79 molecular functions (MF);the results of KEGG pathway enrichment analysis indicated such as FOXO signaling pathway, prostate cancer, AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, HIF-1 signaling pathway, etc.The results of molecular docking showed that kaempferol and LEP had the best and stable binding energy. Conclusion The active components of Qizhenziyin mixture may play a role of the treatment of hypogonadism by improving insulin resistance and the expression of testosterone synthetase of Leydig cells.

4.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 42-52, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009505

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Mannitol is one of the first-line drugs for reducing cerebral edema through increasing the extracellular osmotic pressure. However, long-term administration of mannitol in the treatment of cerebral edema triggers damage to neurons and astrocytes. Given that neural stem cell (NSC) is a subpopulation of main regenerative cells in the central nervous system after injury, the effect of mannitol on NSC is still elusive. The present study aims to elucidate the role of mannitol in NSC proliferation.@*METHODS@#C57 mice were derived from the animal house of Zunyi Medical University. A total of 15 pregnant mice were employed for the purpose of isolating NSCs in this investigation. Initially, mouse primary NSCs were isolated from the embryonic cortex of mice and subsequently identified through immunofluorescence staining. In order to investigate the impact of mannitol on NSC proliferation, both cell counting kit-8 assays and neurospheres formation assays were conducted. The in vitro effects of mannitol were examined at various doses and time points. In order to elucidate the role of Aquaporin 4 (AQP4) in the suppressive effect of mannitol on NSC proliferation, various assays including reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, and immunocytochemistry were conducted on control and mannitol-treated groups. Additionally, the phosphorylated p38 (p-p38) was examined to explore the potential mechanism underlying the inhibitory effect of mannitol on NSC proliferation. Finally, to further confirm the involvement of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent (MAPK) signaling pathway in the observed inhibition of NSC proliferation by mannitol, SB203580 was employed. All data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 software (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL). The statistical analysis among multiple comparisons was performed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by Turkey's post hoc test in case of the data following a normal distribution using a Shapiro-Wilk normality test. Comparisons between 2 groups were determined using Student's t-test, if the data exhibited a normal distribution using a Shapiro-Wilk normality test. Meanwhile, data were shown as median and interquartile range and analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test, if the data failed the normality test. A p < 0.05 was considered as significant difference.@*RESULTS@#Primary NSC were isolated from the mice, and the characteristics were identified using immunostaining analysis. Thereafter, the results indicated that mannitol held the capability of inhibiting NSC proliferation in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner using cell counting kit-8, neurospheres formation, and immunostaining of Nestin and Ki67 assays. During the process of mannitol suppressing NSC proliferation, the expression of AQP4 mRNA and protein was downregulated, while the gene expression of p-p38 was elevated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, immunostaining, and western blotting assays. Subsequently, the administration of SB203580, one of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway inhibitors, partially abrogated this inhibitory effect resulting from mannitol, supporting the fact that the p38 MAPK signaling pathway participated in curbing NSC proliferation induced by mannitol.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mannitol inhibits NSC proliferation through downregulating AQP4, while upregulating the expression of p-p38 MAPK.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mannitol/pharmacology , Brain Edema , Neural Stem Cells/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 41-48, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996503

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect and mechanism of Yiyi Fuzi Baijiangsan (YYFZBJ) on the apoptosis of colon cancer cell line HCT116. MethodYYFZBJ at different concentrations (0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 g·L-1) was used to intervene in HCT116 cells for 24, 48, 72 h. The cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method was used to determine the effect of YYFZBJ on cell proliferation in vitro. The cells were divided into a blank group, a capecitabine group(1.8 g·L-1), and low-, medium-, and high-dose YYFZBJ groups (6, 10, and 14 g·L-1) and treated for 48 hours. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis. Hoechst 33342 staining was used to observe the apoptotic morphology of cells. Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was analyzed by a mitochondrial-targeted deep-red fluorescent probe (Mito-Tracker Red CMXRos). The expression of proteins related to the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway, such as B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), cytochrome C (Cyt C), cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease (Caspase)-9, Caspase-3, cleaved Caspase-9, and cleaved Caspase-3 was detected by Western blot. The mRNA levels of Bcl-2, Bax, Cyt C, Caspase-9, and Caspase-3 were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultCompared with the blank group, YYFZBJ (8, 10, 12, 14, 16 g·L-1) significantly inhibited the proliferation of HCT116 cells in vitro (P<0.05) in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with the blank group, the medium- and high-dose YYFZBJ groups and the capecitabine group showed increased apoptosis rates of colon cancer cells (P<0.05). The YYFZBJ groups and the capecitabine group showed reduced number of colon cancer cells with significantly changed cellular morphology and cell apoptosis manifestations, such as strong dark blue fluorescence, nucleus concentration, shrinkage, and fragmentation. With the increase in the mass concentration of YYFZBJ, the blue fluorescence intensity was significantly enhanced. Compared with the blank group, the YYFZBJ groups and the capecitabine group showed reduced MMP in a dose-dependent manner, decreased protein and mRNA levels of Bcl-2, and increased protein expression of Bax, Cyt C, Caspase-9, Caspase-3, cleaved Caspase-9, and cleaved Caspase-3 and mRNA expression of Bax, Cyt C, Caspase-9, and Caspase-3 (P<0.05). ConclusionYYFZBJ can induce the apoptosis of colon cancer HCT116 cells through the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 174-178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of chimeric flap pedicled with superficial branch of superficial iliac circumflex artery in repair of soft tissue defect of dorsal hand combined with metacarpal bone defect.Methods:From May 2015 to January 2022, 34 patients(28 males and 6 females) of soft tissue defects of dorsal hand with metacarpal bone defects were treated in the Department of Orthopedics of Yibin Third People's Hospital. The age of patients ranged from 22 to 51 years old, with an average age of 37 years old. The areas of soft tissue defects after debridement were 2.5 cm×5.0 cm-4.5 cm×9.0 cm, and the defects were all in dorsal hand and dorsal wrist. The lengths of metacarpal bone defect were 1.8-4.1 cm. All the patients had only single metacarpal bone defect, among which: 14 patients had defects in first metacarpal bone, 7 in second metacarpal bone, 4 in third metacarpal bone, 8 in fourth metacarpal bone and 1 in fifth metacarpal bone. All the patients were repaired by chimeric flap pedicled with superficial branch of superficial iliac circumflex artery. The size of flaps were 3.6 cm×5.4 cm-5.2 cm×9.5 cm. Anticoagulation, thermal preservation and plaster fixation were applied for 4-6 weeks after surgery. Postoperative follow-ups included regularly outpatient clinic visit, telephone or Wechat reviews. Follow-up items covered: the feeling and appearance of flaps in recipient sites, healing of the donor sites and recovery of hand functions.Results:All the 34 chimeric flaps survived. Regular follow-up lasted for 3 to 15(average, 10) months. All incisions in the donor sites of hip healed in stage I. TPD of the flaps was 5.1-7.3(mean, 6.4) mm. Appearance of flaps in the receiving area were satisfactory without swelling. Movement of wrists and metacarpophalangeal joints met the basic requirement of movement. The healing time of metacarpal defect was 2-3 months with an average of 2.8 months. Hand functions were evaluated at excellent in 6 patients and good in 28, according to the Evaluation Standard of Upper Limb Partial Functional of Hand Surgery of Chinese Medical Association.Conclusion:The chimeric flap pedicled with superficial branch of superficial iliac circumflex artery is an ideal flap to repair the soft tissue defect in dorsal hand combined with metacarpal bone defect. It has advantages of less donor site damage, good blood supply of flap, simple surgical procedure, and one-stage repair of a combined soft tissue and metacarpal bone defects.

7.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 44-49, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995474

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the results of coryoint flap harvested from lower abdominal wall for covering extremely soft tissue circular defects on limbs.Methods:From March 2018 to June 2020, 15 patients who suffered from severe degloved injury were admitted into the Department of Hand Surgery, The Affiliated Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Southwest Medical University. The injuries were characterised as extreme circular defects on limbs. The dimension of defects ranged from 25.0 cm×9.0 cm to 30.0 cm×18.0 cm. All wounds were taken through emergency debridement and managed by VSD. Using lower abdomen as a donor site, a conjoined flap was dissected when the wound surface became granulating. The perforator vessels of the flaps included vessels of deep inferior epigastric artery(DIEA), superficial inferior epigastric artery(SIEA) and superficial circumflex iliac artery(SCIA). The donor sites were primary closed. Postoperative follow-ups were conducted by the surgeons in the same surgical team at outpatient clinic.Results:Fourteen flaps survived completely without significant complications. Distal necrosis occurred in 1 flap, which healed with a skin graft in the second stage surgery. All flaps were reviewed during the postoperative follow-up that lasted for 18-24(mean 20) months. The aesthetic outcomes were achieved on the recipient site without hairy nor hyper-pigmentation. A concealed linea scare left at the donor sites without hernia and limited function. At the last follow-up, 5 patients were in excellent and 2 in good evaluated by following the Disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand(DASH). With the Lower extremity functional scale(LEFS), 5 patients were in excellent and 3 in good.Conclusion:The simultaneous reconstruction of extremely large soft tissue circular defects on limbs with best possible salvage surgery can be achieved by a conjoined flap. A conjoined flap offers a concealed donor site, easy to design, flexible perforators design and larger size of soft tissue.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2932-2941, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003287

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is a key step in the progression of chronic liver diseases to liver cirrhosis and even liver cancer. In recent years, a large number of studies have shown the necessity of intervening in the process of liver fibrosis, and various anti-liver fibrosis drugs and active ingredients have been discovered. Non-coding RNAs also play an important role in the process of liver fibrosis, and searching for upstream non-coding RNAs that can regulate signaling pathways can provide new insights for anti-liver fibrosis treatment. This article introduces the process of liver fibrosis mediated by the TGF-β, Wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/Akt/mTOR, NF-κβ, Hippo, and MAPK signaling pathways, lists the latest anti-liver fibrosis drugs or active components in each signaling pathway, and summarizes the research advances in anti-liver fibrosis targets and drugs mediated by related non-coding RNAs, so as to provide new research ideas and treatment methods for anti-liver fibrosis treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 106-110, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of serum C-terminal peptide of type Ⅰ collagen (CTX-1) and N-terminal lengthening peptide of type Ⅰ collagen (P1NP) in adult patients with skeletal fluorosis in the tea-drinking-borne endemic fluorosis area in Qinghai Province, and to find sensitive indicators for diagnosis of skeletal fluorosis.Methods:From April to August 2019, a case-control study was carried out in tea-drinking-borne endemic fluorosis area in Zhiduo County, Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, and Gangcha County, Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Qinghai Province. According to the Diagnostic Standard for Endemic Skeletal Fluorosis (WS/T 192-2008), the clinical diagnosis and X-ray examination of skeletal fluorosis were carried out for permanent residents ≥25 years old and living for more than 10 years in the area, combined with face-to-face inquiry and investigation of past disease history, lifestyle and clinical manifestations. The patients with skeletal fluorosis and healthy people were selected as skeletal fluorosis group and control group, respectively. Randomized urine samples and fasting venous blood from the two groups were collected. The content of fluoride in urine was determined by ion selective electrode method, and the contents of CTX-1 and P1NP in serum were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:A total of 127 people in the disease area were investigated, including 63 cases in skeletal fluorosis group and 64 cases in control group. There was no statistically significant difference in age and sex ratio between the two groups ( t = 0.42, χ 2 = 0.07, P > 0.05). The X-ray examination results showed that the patients with skeletal fluorosis were mainly mild, accounting for 71.43% (45/63); X-ray changes were mainly ossification of interosseous membrane and tendon. The urinary fluoride in control group and skeletal fluorosis group was 1.62 (1.12, 1.95) and 3.22 (2.38, 4.89) mg/L, respectively, with statistically significant difference between the two groups ( Z = 7.07, P < 0.001). The difference of serum CTX-1 and P1NP contents between the two groups was statistically significant ( Z = 2.00, 4.89, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The levels of serum CTX-1 and P1NP in patients with skeletal fluorosis are higher than those in healthy people. Serum CTX-1 and P1NP may be used as sensitive indicators for diagnosis of skeletal fluorosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 65-68, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991580

ABSTRACT

Objective:To learn about the detection quality and external quality control assessment of fluoride and arsenic in laboratories at all levels in Qinghai Province.Methods:The Z-score method was used to analyze and evaluate the evaluation results of 1 provincial, 8 municipal and 43 county level laboratories of disease prevention and control institutions participating in the external quality control assessment of water fluoride and brick tea fluoride in Qinghai Province in 2021, as well as 1 provincial, 1 municipal and 2 county level laboratories of disease prevention and control institutions participating in the external quality control assessment of water arsenic and urine arsenic. The feedback rate and qualification rate of external quality control of each assessment laboratory were calculated.Results:In 2021, the feedback rate of external quality control of water fluoride, brick tea fluoride, water arsenic and urine arsenic in provincial and municipal level laboratories of Qinghai Province were 100.00%; except that the qualified rate of water fluoride was 7/9, the qualified rate of external quality control of other projects was 100.00%. The feedback rate of external quality control of water fluoride, brick tea fluoride, water arsenic and urine arsenic in county level laboratories was 100.00%; except that the qualified rate of water fluoride was 86.05% (37/43), the qualified rate of external quality control of other projects was 100.00%. In the specific assessment results of the laboratory, the assessment results of water fluoride sample FS20210101 from 1 provincial, 1 municipal and 2 county level laboratories, and FS20210102 from 1 county level laboratory were suspicious; the assessment results of water fluoride sample FS20210101 from 3 county level laboratories were not satisfactory; the assessment results of fluoride and arsenic sample in other laboratories were satisfactory.Conclusions:The qualified rate of external quality control of fluoride and arsenic in laboratories at all levels in Qinghai Province is relatively high, but some county level laboratories are still dissatisfied with the assessment results of water fluoride. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the detection level of water fluoride in laboratories.

11.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 552-556, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988639

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a gas chromatography for simultaneous determination of camphor residue and borneolum content in Qingchang Suppository. Methods Gas chromatograph method was used. The chromatographic column was Agilent capillary column(30 m×0.25 mm×0.25 µm). The column temperature was 140 ℃. The sample injection temperature was 250 ℃. The FID detector temperature was 250 ℃. Results Camphor,borneol and isoborneol content showed good linear in the extent of 0.0299~1.497(r=1.000), 0.0205~1.025(r=1.000), 0.0097~0.4830 µg (r=1.000). RSDs of precision,stability and repeatability test results were less than 2%. The recovery was 99.7%, 101.0%, 102.5%. Conclusion This method is simple and quick with accurate result, which could be used for the content determination of Borneol in Qingchang Suppository.

12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 164-171, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969759

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the associations between blood pressure trajectories during pregnancy and risk of future pre-eclampsia in a large cohort enrolling pregnant women at gestational age of ~12 weeks from community hospitals in Tianjin. Latent class growth modeling (LCGM) was used to model the blood pressure trajectories. Methods: This was a large prospective cohort study. The study enrolled pregnant women of ~12 weeks of gestation in 19 community hospitals in Tianjin from November 1, 2016 to May 30, 2018. We obtained related information during 5 antepartum examinations before gestational week 28, i.e., week 12, week 16, week 20, week 24 and week 28. LCGM was used to model longitudinal systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) trajectories. For the association study, the predictors were set as SBP and DBP trajectory membership (built separately), the outcome was defined as the occurrence of preeclampsia after 28 weeks of gestation. Results: A total of 5 809 cases with known pregnant outcomes were documented. After excluding 249 cases per exclusion criteria, 5 560 cases with singleton pregnancy were included for final analysis. There were 128 cases preeclampsia and 106 cases gestational hypertension in this cohort. Univariate logistic regression and multivariate logistic regression showed the higher baseline SBP level and DBP level were related with increased risk of preeclampsia. Four distinctive SBP trajectories and DBP trajectories from 12 weeks to 28 weeks of gestation were identified by LCGM. After controlling for potential confounders (baseline BMI, being primipara or not, white blood cell counts, hemoglobin level, platelet counts and alanine aminotransferase level), the OR for SBP latent classification trajectory_ 4 was 4.023 (95%CI: 2.368 to 6.835, P<0.001), and the OR for SBP latent classification trajectory_3 was 1.854 (95%CI: 1.223 to 2.811, P=0.004). Logistic regression showed that: using the DBP latent classification trajectory_1 as the reference group, the OR for DBP latent classification trajectory_4 was 4.100 (95%CI: 2.571 to 6.538, P<0.001), and 2.632 (95%CI: 1.570 to 4.414, P<0.001) for DBP latent classification trajectory_2. After controlling for potential confounders (baseline BMI, being primipara or not, white blood cell counts, hemoglobin level, platelet counts and alanine aminotransferase level), the OR for DBP_traj_4 was 2.527 (95%CI: 1.534 to 4.162, P<0.001), and the OR for DBP_traj_3 was 1.297 (95%CI: 0.790 to 2.128, P=0.303), and 2.238 (95%CI: 1.328 to 3.772, P=0.002) for DBP_traj_2. Therefore, BP trajectories from 12 weeks to 28 weeks identified by LCGM served as novel risk factors that independently associated with the occurrence of preeclampsia. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed incremental diagnostic performance by combing baseline blood pressure levels with blood pressure trajectories. Conclusion: By applying LCGM, we for the first time identified distinctive BP trajectories from gestational week 12 to 28, which can independently predict the development of preeclampsia after 28 weeks of gestation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Infant , Blood Pressure , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Gestational Age , Alanine Transaminase , Hemoglobins
13.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 177-181, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965569

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the eye irritation and the pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion-based in-situ gel in rabbits. Methods The eye irritation of tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion-based in-situ gel in rabbits was observed by histological cross-sections of external ocular tissues stained with HE. The aqueous humor of rabbit eyes was extracted by corneal puncture and analyzed by HPLC-MS for pharmacokinetic study. Results Tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion-based in-situ gel had no significant irritation on rabbit eyes. The pharmacokinetic parameter showed that the AUC of tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion-based in-situ gel was (128.34±13.09) ng·h/ml, which was 1.13 times of tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion (113.61±12.36) ng·h/ml and 1.88 times of Talymus® (68.25±10.82) ng·h /ml. Conclusion Tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion-based in-situ gel had the advantages of low irritation, long retention time and high bioavailability in rabbit eyes. It has a good potential for clinical application.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 752-757, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965518

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the compatible stability of commonly used intravenous drugs in the intensive care units (ICU), and to provide a reference for improving medication safety in clinic. METHODS The commonly used intravenous drugs in the ICU of Hebei General Hospital were investigated and confirmed in April 1-30, 2022, and used as keywords to retrieve the relevant literature about compatible stability from PubMed, CNKI, Wanfang Data and other databases, and manually filtered with Micromedex database at the same time. Then, the compatible stability results of the included literature were analyzed descriptively. RESULTS Totally 32 commonly used intravenous drugs and 39 mixed infusion combinations were collected from ICU of this hospital. A total of 40 studies were included, only 2 studies followed all quality requirements; 18 studies validated their methods to guarantee correct reproducibility; 33 studies evaluated physical stability, including precipitate formation and pH changes; 32 studies evaluated chemical compatibility, mainly content/concentration changes. A total of 666 possible two-drug combinations were obtained from the included literature, of which 254 combinations of stability data were available, including 176 were stable, 68 were unstable, and 10 were contradictory. Totally 412 combinations had no stability results. Among two-drug combinations in ICU of this hospital, 42 combinations were stable, 14 combinations were unstable, and 2 combinations were contradictory. CONCLUSIONS The pH, solvent, excipients and preparation concentration are the factors that affect the stability. There are drug combinations with unstable compatibility of commonly used intravenous drugs in ICU of this hospital. The stability study methods are limited, and the stability data cannot meet the actual clinical needs.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 205-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014687

ABSTRACT

Palbocicril, the first cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 inhibitors, is a crucial milestone in the development history of antineoplastic drugs. It combined with aromatase inhibitor or fulvestrant as first-line, second-line or post-line therapy has good efficacy and safety for hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, which has a good application prospect. This article summarizes the clinical trials and safety studies related to palbociclib.

16.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 888-895, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012295

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the perinatal maternal and fetal adverse outcomes of cesarean section in the different duration of the second stage of labor. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on the clinical data of 154 pregnant women with singleton head pregnancy who underwent cesarean section at different times of the second stage of labor due to maternal and fetal factors in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2021. According to the duration of the second stage of labor, they were divided into <2 h group (54 cases), 2-<3 h group (61 cases), and ≥3 h group (39 cases). The general data of pregnant women and neonates, preoperative maternal and neonatal conditions related to labor stages, surgical indications, surgical procedures, and perioperative maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes were compared among the three groups. Results: (1) General Information: there were no significant differences in maternal age, gravidity and parity, proportion of primipara, gestational age at delivery, body mass index before delivery, pregnancy complications, labor analgesia rate and the duration of the first stage of labor among the three groups (all P>0.05). The differences of the gender composition, birth weight and incidence of macrosomia of the three groups were also not statistically significant (all P>0.05). (2) Maternal and fetal status and surgical indications: the incidence of intrapartum fever and type Ⅱ and Ⅲ fetal heart rate monitoring in the <2 h group were higher than those in the 2-<3 h group and the ≥3 h group, and the preoperative fetal head position in the ≥3 h group was lower than that in the 2-<3 h group, with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). The proportion of cesarean section due to "fetal distress" was 40.7% (22/54) in the <2 h group, which was higher than that in the 2-<3 h group (4.9%, 3/61) and the ≥3 h group (2.6%, 1/39). The proportions of surgical indication of "relative cephalo-pelvic disproportion" were 98.4% (60/61) and 94.9% (37/39) in the 2-<3 h group and ≥3 h group, respectively, and the surgical indication of "fetal head descent arrest" were 41.0% (25/61) and 59.0% (23/39), respectively. Compared with <2 h group [63.0% (34/54), 13.0% (7/54)], the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There were no significant difference in surgical indications between 2-<3 h group and ≥3 h group (all P>0.05). (3) Intraoperative conditions and perioperative complications of cesarean section: the puerperal morbidity rate of <2 h group was 37.0% (20/54), which was higher than those of 2-<3 h group (18.0%, 11/61) and ≥3 h group (7.7%, 3/39), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incidence of fetal head inlay, uterine incision tear, modified B-Lynch suture for uterine atony, postpartum hemorrhage, perioperative blood transfusion, preoperative hemoglobin (Hb) level, perioperative Hb change, and postoperative hospital stay among the three groups (all P>0.05). (4) Adverse neonatal outcomes: non-hemolytic neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in ≥3 h group was 35.9% (14/39), which was significantly higher than that in <2 h group (13.0%, 7/54; P<0.05). Among the neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) within 1 week after birth, the proportion of neonates admitted to NICU due to neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in ≥3 h group (15/19) was significantly higher than that in <2 h group (9/17) and 2-<3 h group (10/19), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the <2 h group and the 2-<3 h group (P>0.05). There was no perinatal death in the three groups. Conclusions: The rate of puerperal morbidity is higher in patients who were transferred to cesarean section within 2 hours of the second stage of labor. In the early stage of the second stage of labor, the monitoring of fetal heart rate and amniotic fluid characteristics should be strengthened, especially the presence or absence of prenatal fever. In good maternal and neonatal conditions, conversion to cesarean section after 2 hours of the second stage of labor does not significantly increase the incidence of serious adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. For the second stage of labor more than 3 hours before cesarean section, it is necessary to strengthen the monitoring of neonatal bilirubin.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Pregnant Women , Fetus , Retrospective Studies , Labor Stage, Second , Labor Presentation , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/etiology
17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 521-529, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986884

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinicopathological features, molecular changes and prognostic factors in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL).@*METHODS@#Sixty-one cases AITL diagnosed by Department of Pathology of Peking University Cancer Hospital were collected with their clinical data. Morphologically, they were classified as typeⅠ[lymphoid tissue reactive hyperplasia (LRH) like]; typeⅡ[marginal zone lymphoma(MZL)like] and type Ⅲ [peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not specified (PTCL-NOS) like]. Immunohistochemical staining was used to evaluate the presence of follicular helper T-cell (TFH) phenotype, proliferation of extra germinal center (GC) follicular dendritic cells (FDCs), presence of Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS)-like cells and large B transformation. The density of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) + cells was counted with slides stained by Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNA (EBER) in situ hybridization on high power field (HPF). T-cell receptor / immunoglobulin gene (TCR/IG) clonality and targeted exome sequencing (TES) test were performed when necessary. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#Morphological subtype (%): 11.4% (7/61) cases were classified as type Ⅰ; 50.8% (31/61) as type Ⅱ; 37.8% (23/61) as type Ⅲ. 83.6% (51/61) cases showed classical TFH immunophenotype. With variable extra-GC FDC meshwork proliferation (median 20.0%); 23.0% (14/61) had HRS-like cells; 11.5% (7/61) with large B transformation. 42.6% (26/61) of cases with high counts of EBV. 57.9% (11/19) TCR+/IG-, 26.3% (5/19) TCR+/IG+, 10.5% (2/19) were TCR-/IG-, and 5.3% (1/19) TCR-/IG+. Mutation frequencies by TES were 66.7% (20/30) for RHOA, 23.3% (7/30) for IDH2 mutation, 80.0% (24/30) for TET2 mutation, and 33.3% (10/30) DNMT3A mutation. Integrated analysis divided into four groups: (1) IDH2 and RHOA co-mutation group (7 cases): 6 cases were type Ⅱ, 1 case was type Ⅲ; all with typical TFH phenotype; HRS-like cells and large B transformation were not found; (2) RHOA single mutation group (13 cases): 1 case was type Ⅰ, 6 cases were type Ⅱ, 6 cases were type Ⅲ; 5 cases without typical TFH phenotype; 6 cases had HRS-like cells, and 2 cases with large B transformation. Atypically, 1 case showed TCR-/IG-, 1 case with TCR-/IG+, and 1 case with TCR+/IG+; (3) TET2 and/or DNMT3A mutation alone group (7 cases): 3 cases were type Ⅱ, 4 cases were type Ⅲ, all cases were found with typical TFH phenotype; 2 cases had HRS-like cells, 2 cases with large B transformation, and atypically; (4) non-mutation group (3 cases), all were type Ⅱ, with typical TFH phenotype, with significant extra-GC FDC proliferation, without HRS-like cells and large B transformation. Atypically, 1 case was TCR-/IG-. Univariate analysis confirmed that higher density of EBV positive cell was independent adverse prognostic factors for both overall survival (OS) and progression free survival(PFS), (P=0.017 and P=0.046).@*CONCLUSION@#Pathological diagnoses of ALTL cases with HRS-like cells, large B transformation or type Ⅰ are difficult. Although TCR/IG gene rearrangement test is helpful but still with limitation. TES involving RHOA, IDH2, TET2, DNMT3A can robustly assist in the differential diagnosis of those difficult cases. Higher density of EBV positive cells counts in tumor tissue might be an indicator for poor survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/genetics , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/pathology , Immunoblastic Lymphadenopathy/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/pathology , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 262-269, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of anorectal mucosal melanoma (ARMM), and to evaluate the prognostic factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 68 primary ARMM surgical specimens from 2010 to 2018 were retrospectively studied. Slides were reviewed to evaluate pathological features. Slingluff staging method was used for staging.@*RESULTS@#(1) Clinical features: The median age at diagnosis in this group was 61.5 years, with a male-to-female ratio 1 ∶1.62. The most common complaint was blooding (49 cases). For anatomic site, anorectum was the prevalent (66.2%), followed by rectum (20.6%). At the time of diagnosis, 28 cases were stage Ⅰ (localized stage, 41.2%), 25 cases were stage Ⅱ (regional lymph node metastasis, 36.8%), and 15 cases were stage Ⅲ (distant metastasis, 22.1%). Five patients underwent wide local excision, the rest abdominoperineal resection, and 48 patients received adjuvant therapy after surgery. (2) Pathological features: Grossly 88.2% of the tumors were exophytic polypoid masses, with the median tumor size 3.5 cm and the median tumor thickness 1.25 cm. Depth of invasion below lamina muscularis mucosae ranged from 0-5.00 cm (median 1.00 cm). The deepest site of tumor invasion reached muscular layer in 27 cases, and perirectal tissue in 16 cases. Melanin pigmentation was absent or not obvious in 67.6% of the cases. The predominant cytology was epithelioid (45 cases, 66.2%). The rate for ulceration, necrosis, lymphovascular invasion, and perineural invasion was 89.7%, 35.3%, 55.9%, and 30.9%, respectively. The median mitotic count was 18/mm2. The positive rate of S100, HMB-45 and Melan-A were 92.0%, 92.6% and 98.0%, respectively. The median of Ki-67 was 50%. The incidences of mutations within CKIT, BRAF and NRAS genes were 17.0% (9 cases), 3.8% (2 cases) and 9.4% (5 cases), respectively. (3) Prognosis: Survival data were available in 66 patients, with a median follow-up of 17 months and a median survival time of 17.4 months. The 1-year, 2-year and 5-year overall survival rate was 76.8%, 36.8% and 17.2%, respectively. The rate of lymphatic metastasis at diagnosis was 56.3%. Forty-nine patients (84.5%) suffered from distant metastasis, and the most frequent metastatic site was liver. Univariate analysis revealed that tumor size (>3.5 cm), depth of invasion below lamina muscularis mucosae (>1.0 cm), necrosis, lymphovascular invasion, BRAF gene mutation, lack of adjuvant therapy after surgery, deep site of tumor invasion, and high stage at diagnosis were all poor prognostic factors for overall survival. Multivariate model showed that lymphovascular invasion and BRAF gene mutation were independent risk factors for lower overall survival, and high stage at diagnosis showed borderline negative correlation with overall survival.@*CONCLUSION@#The overall prognosis of ARMM is poor, and lymphovascular invasion and BRAF gene mutation are independent factors of poor prognosis. Slingluff staging suggests prognosis effectively, and detailed assessment of pathological features, clear staging and genetic testing should be carried out when possible. Depth of invasion below lamina muscularis mucosae of the tumor might be a better prognostic indicator than tumor thickness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf , Prognosis , Melanoma/surgery
19.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 517-522, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986061

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the concentrations of glyphosate and its metabolites in occupational exposed workers and their possible effects on human health, so as to provide a reference for improving the safe use of glyphosate and toxicity research. Methods: From April to December 2020, 247 workers directly exposed to glyphosate in 5 enterprises were selected as the contact group, and 237 workers who were not exposed to glyphosate and other pesticides in the same enterprise were selected as the control group. Questionnaire survey and occupational health examination were conducted on objects, and the concentrations of glyphosate and its metabolites in the air of workplaces and biological samples were detected. The correlation between the concentrations and the difference of health examination between the two groups were analyzed. Results: The urine glyphosate concentration (0.022-47.668 mg/L), the rate of exceeding the standard (60.32%, 149/247) and the urine aminomethyl phosphonic acid concentration (<0.010-1.624 mg/L) in the contact group were higher than those in the control group [urine glyphosate concentration (<0.020-4.482 mg/L), the rate of exceeding the standard (2.53%, 6/237) and the urine aminomethyl phosphonic acid concentration (<0.010-0.524 mg/L) ], respectively (P<0.001). The exceeding standard rate of glyphosate concentration in the workplace was 33.67% (33/98). The concentration of glyphosate in the workplace was positively correlated with the concentrations of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid in urine (r(s)=0.804, 0.238, P<0.001), and the concentration of glyphosate in urine was positively correlated with the concentration of aminomethylphosphonic acid in urine (r(s)=0.549, P<0.001). The alanine aminotransferase (ALT), white cell ratio, creatinine, uric acid, the abnormal rates of ALT and total protein (TP) in the contact group were higher than those in the control group, and TP was lower than that in the control group, the differences were statistically different (P<0.05). The abnormal rates of overall liver function, overall renal function, blood routine test, urine routine test, electrocardiogram, liver B ultrasound and blood lipid in the contact group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The concentration of glyphosate in the workplace is related to the concentrations of glyphosate and aminomethyl phosphonic acid in the urine of workers, and exposure to glyphosate may have some harmful effects on human health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Health Status
20.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 692-700, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010076

ABSTRACT

With the development of medical technology, tumor vaccines as a novel precise immunotherapy approach have gradually received attention in clinical applications. Against the backdrop of the global corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, vaccine technology has further advanced. Depending on the types of antigens, tumor vaccines can be divided into whole-cell vaccines, peptide vaccines, messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) vaccines, recombinant virus vaccines, etc. Although some tumor vaccines have been marketed and achieved certain therapeutic effects, the results of tumor vaccines in clinical trials have been unsatisfactory in the past period. With the maturation of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology and the continuous development of bioinformatics, dynamic monitoring of the entire process of tumor subpopulation development has become a reality, which has laid a solid foundation for personalized, neoantigen-centered therapeutic tumor vaccines. This article reviews the recent developments of tumor vaccines of different types, starts with lung cancer and summarizes the achievements of tumor vaccines in clinical applications, and provides an outlook for the future development of antigen-centered tumor vaccines.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Cancer Vaccines/therapeutic use , Antigens, Neoplasm , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neoplasms/genetics , Computational Biology , Immunotherapy/methods , Lung
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