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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 877-879, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the changes of serum interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-6 in adult patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) in Qinghai Plateau, and to provide scientific basis for scientific prevention and treatment of plateau KBD.Methods:According to the "Diagnosis of Kashin-Beck Disease" (WS/T 207-2010), adult KBD patients and healthy people over 18 years old were selected as KBD group and control group, respectively, in KBD disease areas of Xinghai County and Guide County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province. Fasting cubital venous blood was collected from the people of two groups, and the levels of serum IL-2 and IL-6 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:A total of 193 people were surveyed, including 114 people in KBD group and 79 people in control group. There was no significant difference in age and sex ratio between the two groups ( t = 0.204, χ 2 = 2.547, P > 0.05). The serum IL-2 and IL-6 levels of the KBD group were (572.21 ± 172.92), (42.35 ± 15.86) pg/ml, respectively; compared with the control group [(511.28 ± 173.22), (51.96 ± 17.18) pg/ml], the differences were statistically significant ( t = 2.404, 3.999, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The serum IL-2 level is increased and IL-6 level is decreased in adult KBD patients in Qinghai Plateau, both of which may be involved in the inflammatory reaction of adult KBD.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906203

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the improvement effect of total flavonoids of Mori Cortex combined with total saponins of Anemarrhena Asphodeloide on hyperlipidemia rats with osteoporosis and its possible mechanism. Method:The 40 SPF male SD rats were adaptively fed for 7 days, and then randomly divided into normal group, model group, calcitriol group (45 ng·kg<sup>-1</sup>), total flavonoids of Mori Cortex and total saponins of Anemarrhena Asphodeloide 1∶2 group (0.6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>+0.4 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and 2∶1 group (1.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>+0.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). Except for the normal group, rats in the other groups were fed with high fat for 9 weeks, the normal group and the model grouotal flavonoids of total flavonoids of Mori Cortex and total saponins of Anemarrhena Asphodeloip were given normal saline by gavage, and the other groups were given corresponding drugs by gavage, after 12 weeks of administration, except for the normal group , the other groups were given intramuscular injection of glucocorticoids at the same time. After 22 weeks of administration, the weight of rats with total flavonoids from Mori Cortex combined with total saponins of Anemarrhena Asphodeloide was measured. Serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), osteocalcin (BGP) and bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP) were determined by biochemical assay. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining to observe the pathological changes of rat tibia. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expression levels of peroxisomal proliferators activate the receptor gamma(PPAR<italic>γ</italic>) and Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) mRNA in rat bone tissue, immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of PPAR<italic>γ</italic> and Runx2 in rats. Result:Compared with normal group, the body mass of rats in model group was significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the contents of TC, TG, and LDL-C in the serum were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, the body weight of rats in thet total flavonoids of Mori Cortex and total saponins of Anemarrhena Asphodeloide 1∶2 group and 2∶1 group were significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the contents of TC, TG, and LDL-C in the serum were significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the content of BGP and BALP increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). HE staining results showed that compared with the normal group, the tibia fat vacuoles of the model group increased, and the number of osteoblasts decreased, compared with the model group, the total flavonoids of the Mori Cortex and the flavonoids-total saponins of Anemarrhena Asphodeloide 1∶2 group and 2∶1 group decreased in tibia fat vacuoles and increased the number of osteoblasts, the results of immunofluorescence and Real-time PCR showed that, compared with normal group, the expression of Runx2 in the model group decreased and the expression of PPAR<italic>γ</italic> increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, the total flavonoids of Mori Cortex-total saponins 1∶2 group and the total flavonoids of Mori Cortex-total saponins 2∶1 Group up-regulated the expression of Runx2 and down-regulated the expression of PPAR<italic>γ </italic>(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:The total flavonoids of Mori Cortex combined with the total saponins of Anemarrhena Asphodeloide up-regulated Runx2 and down-regulated the expression of PPAR<italic>γ</italic> mRNA and protein, thereby affecting the metabolism of TG and TC in the blood, achieving a therapeutic effect on osteoporosis, provides experimental basis for the clinical prevention and treatment of hyperlipidemia with osteoporosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906119

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the transdermal constituents of Euodiae Fructus and predict its molecular mechanism in treating diarrhea by transdermal drug delivery. Method:Ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) and integrated pharmacology methods were used. The rapid identification of transdermal constituents of Euodiae Fructus was realized by the means of comparison of reference substances, analysis of UNIFI system and mass spectrometry. On this basis, Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCMIP) v2.0, SymMap, DisGeNET databases and literature were used to collected potential targets of transdermal constituents of Euodiae Fructus and targets for diarrhea-related diseases. The disease targets and drug targets were topologically analyzed to obtain the core targets, which were used for the Gene Ontology (GO) function and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Finally, Cytoscape 3.6.0 was used to build up a network of transdermal constituents-core targets-key pathways. Result:A total of 19 chemical constituents were speculatively identified from Euodiae Fructus extract, including quinolone alkaloids, limonins, indole alkaloids, organic acids and sterols. A total of 174 core targets of Euodiae Fructus for treating diarrhea were obtained by a topology analysis, signaling pathways of inflammatory response, cell proliferation, nutrient regulation and energy metabolism, signal transduction, bacterial infection were obtained through the analysis of KEGG enrichment. Conclusion:In this study, the transdermal constituents of Euodiae Fructus are identified for the first time, they can participate in the regulation of intestinal inflammation, maintain the integrity of intestinal mucosa, repaire and adjust the metabolism of the body by acting on Rac protein family, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, cytochrome P450 enzymes and aldo-keto reductase, respectively. In general, the molecular mechanism of Euodiae Fructus in the treatment of diarrhea is preliminarily elucidated.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904756

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare propranolol hydrochloride loaded cubosomes (PPL-Cubs) with high entrapment efficiency. Methods PPL-Cubs was prepared by pH gradient method. Pressure and cycles of high pressure homogenization, dosage of glyceryl monooleate and poloxamer 407 were optimized to prepare blank cubosomes with particle size and polydispersity index as the indexes. The influences of various factors, including exterior pH values, internal pH values, the ratio of carrier to drug, particle size and polydispersity index of blank cubosomes, incubation temperature and time, and drug concentration on the entrapment efficiency were investigated. Results The blank cubosomes with small particle size and polydispersity index was prepared under homogenization conditions of 900 bar for 7 cycles, glyceryl monooleate dosage of 25%, and poloxamer 407 dosage of 5%. PPL-Cubs showed high entrapment efficiency with exterior pH value of 8.5, internal pH value of 3.0, ratio of carrier to drug of 6∶1, incubation temperature of 20 ℃, and incubation time of 15 min, and drug concentration of 1%. The particle size and polydispersity index of blank cubosomes showed no influence on entrapment efficiency. Conclusion PPL-Cubs with high entrapment efficiency could be prepared under the pH gradient method.

5.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 330-343, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899003

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Non-coding RNA activated by DNA damage (NORAD) has been reported to be a cancer-related long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) implicated in the progression of several cancers; however, its role in breast cancer (BC) has not yet been clarified. @*Methods@#Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to examine NORAD, microRNA (miR)-155-5p, and suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) mRNA expression levels. Western blotting was used to analyze SOCS1 protein expression. The malignancy of BC cells was assessed using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), BrdU, and Transwell assays.Bioinformatics analysis, RNA immunoprecipitation assay, and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays were used to verify the targeted relationship between NORAD and miR-155-5p.Additionally, the regulatory effects of NORAD and miR-155-5p on SOCS1 expression were determined by western blotting. @*Results@#NORAD expression was significantly reduced in BC cell lines and tissues, and its low expression was associated with poor tumor tissue differentiation. NORAD overexpression repressed BC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, whereas its knockdown produced the opposite effects. Additionally, miR-155-5p was found to be a target of NORAD, and the biological functions of miR-155-5p and NORAD were counteractive. MiR-155-5p was confirmed to target SOCS1, and SOCS1 was found to be positively regulated by NORAD. @*Conclusion@#NORAD suppresses miR-155-5p to upregulate SOCS1, thereby repressing the proliferation, migration, and invasion of BC cells.

6.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 330-343, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891299

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Non-coding RNA activated by DNA damage (NORAD) has been reported to be a cancer-related long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) implicated in the progression of several cancers; however, its role in breast cancer (BC) has not yet been clarified. @*Methods@#Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to examine NORAD, microRNA (miR)-155-5p, and suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) mRNA expression levels. Western blotting was used to analyze SOCS1 protein expression. The malignancy of BC cells was assessed using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), BrdU, and Transwell assays.Bioinformatics analysis, RNA immunoprecipitation assay, and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays were used to verify the targeted relationship between NORAD and miR-155-5p.Additionally, the regulatory effects of NORAD and miR-155-5p on SOCS1 expression were determined by western blotting. @*Results@#NORAD expression was significantly reduced in BC cell lines and tissues, and its low expression was associated with poor tumor tissue differentiation. NORAD overexpression repressed BC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, whereas its knockdown produced the opposite effects. Additionally, miR-155-5p was found to be a target of NORAD, and the biological functions of miR-155-5p and NORAD were counteractive. MiR-155-5p was confirmed to target SOCS1, and SOCS1 was found to be positively regulated by NORAD. @*Conclusion@#NORAD suppresses miR-155-5p to upregulate SOCS1, thereby repressing the proliferation, migration, and invasion of BC cells.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1528-1532, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922290

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients with chromosome 21 karyotype abnormality.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 155 patients with MDS were retrospectively analyzed, the clinical characteristics, survival and factors affecting prognosis of chromosome 21 karyotype abnormality patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 155 MDS patients, 4 were 5q- syndrome, 41 were MDS-EB-I, 35 were MDS-EB-II, 27 were MDS-SLD, 46 were MDS-MLD, 1 was MDS-RS-SLD, and 1 was MDS-U. The median follow-up time was 11.0(0.1-120.9) months. Among 155 MDS patients, 13 (9.0%) showed chromosome 21 abnormalities. Among the 13 patients with chromosome 21 karyotype abnormalities, there were 5 cases with simple +21 karyotype, 1 case with del (21q12), 1 case with +8, +21, 1 case with i(21q), 1 case with 20q-, +21, and 4 cases with complex karyotype involving chromosome 21; including 2 cases of MDS-SLD, 4 cases of MDS-MLD, 5 cases of MDS-EB-I and 2 cases of MDS-EB-II. The median survival time of the patients was 3.1 (0.1-6.7) months.@*CONCLUSION@#Chromosome 21 karyotype abnormality is rare in MDS, and the prognosis is worse than the patients without chromosome 21 abnormalities.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21 , Humans , Karyotype , Karyotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Retrospective Studies
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1881-1886, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922217

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prevalence rate of hypothyroidism in children with β-thalassemia major (β-TM) and its risk factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 86 children with β-TM treated and followed up in the Department of Pediatrics of the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai Municipal Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from August 2018 to August 2020 were enrolled. The clinical data of the children were analyzed to investigate the prevalence rate of hypothyroidism in children with β-thalassemia major (β-TM) and its risk factors.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence rate of hypothyroidism in children with β-TM in Zhuhai area was 17.4%. The level of serum ferritin(SF) (4948.27±1225.33 μg/L) in hypothyroidism children was significantly increased(t=10.273,P<0.05). The prevalence rate of hypothyroidism was significantly higher in β-TM children(age ≥10 years old, SF ≥2 500 μg/L and irregular iron removal) (P<0.05). Logistic regression result showed that age ≥10 years old was the independent risk factor affecting the increasing of hypothyroidism rate in the children. The levels of SF(3880.60±1269.17 μg/L), TSH(4.43±1.52 mIU/L) and the prevalence rate of hypothyroidism(37.14%)(P<0.05) were higher for the children in irregular iron removal group.@*CONCLUSION@#The prevalence rate of hypothyroidism in children with β-TM in Zhuhai area is high, and it is related to the age ≥10 years old, SF ≥2 500 μg/L and irregular iron removal of the children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Hypothyroidism/epidemiology , Iron Overload , Prevalence , Risk Factors , beta-Thalassemia/epidemiology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921741

ABSTRACT

Intestinal microecology is an important defense system in the human body. The intestinal flora is the core micro-ecosystem in the human intestine. It has a symbiotic relationship with the overall functions of the body. It has strong metabolic activity to maintain the normal functioning of the body and resist the invasion of various viral antigens in the body. Playing a protective function,the imbalanced intestinal microecology can cause various diseases. Polysaccharides can be extracted from a wide range of sources and have low toxicity and side effects. They have attracted wide attention because of their anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and other biological activities. Studies have demonstrated that polysaccharides can regulate intestinal microecological disorders. According to the studies in recent years, this review summarizes that polysaccharides mainly modulate intestinal microecological disorders through regulating the composition of intestinal flora, improving the metabolism of the flora, and repairing the intestinal tract barrier. On the basis of these mechanisms of action, this paper elaborates the anti-tumor, immunomodulatory, and anti-inflammatory activities of polysaccharides. This paper can provide reference for the future research on the intestinal microecology-regulating mechanism and biological activities of polysaccharides.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Ecosystem , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Intestines , Polysaccharides/pharmacology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921624

ABSTRACT

Hypericum species are distributed widely in China, especially in the southwest. This genus is rich in species types in China, including 55 species and 8 subspecies. The main chemical constituents of Hypericum species are flavonoids, xanthones and polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols(PPAPs). PPAPs are characterized by polycyclic and branched-chain substitutions in their structures, which make their structure types diverse. Moreover, they have been found to have antitumor, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and other biological activities. This research classified and summarized 344 polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols from Hypericum plants in order to provide a scientific basis for further development and utilization of PPAPs from the genus.


Subject(s)
Flavonoids , Hypericum , Molecular Structure , Phloroglucinol/pharmacology , Xanthones
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910788

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT radiomics for the programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression level in lung adenocarcinoma patients. Methods:A total of 101 patients (43 males, 58 females; median age 60 years) with histologically confirmed lung adenocarcinoma who received pre-treatment 18F-FDG PET/CT from January 2017 to January 2019 in Peking University Cancer Hospital were included retrospectively. There were 44 patients with positive PD-L1 by immunohistochemical assays, and 57 with PD-L1 negative. Patients were assigned to a training set ( n=71) and a validation set ( n=30). Clinical data, PET/CT radiomics parameters, conventional metabolic parameters, and observed CT characteristics of these patients were included in the models. The filter method and embedded method were used in feature selection. Models based on logistic regression, random forest, XGBoost and Light Gradient Boosting Machine (LightGBM) were trained and evaluated, and the optimal parameters to predict the PD-L1 expression as well as the area under curve (AUC) were attained. Results:All models had predictive ability in the prediction of PD-L1 expression, while LightGBM was more powerful than the others, with the precision for positive and negative predictions of 0.85 and 0.76, respectively. Incorporating clinical data and data derived from thin-section CT images (clinical data+ CT) into the LightGBM, the precision, recall and F1-score for positive and negative patients were 0.71, 0.67, 0.69 and 0.69, 0.73, 0.72, respectively, with the accuracy of 0.70 and the AUC of 0.79. As for clinical data+ PET, the precision, recall and F1-score for positive and negative patients were 0.79, 0.73, 0.76 and 0.75, 0.80, 0.77, respectively, with the accuracy of 0.77 and the AUC of 0.80. As for clinical data+ CT+ PET, the precision, recall and F1-score for positive and negative patients were 0.85, 0.73, 0.79 and 0.76, 0.87, 0.81, respectively, with the accuracy of 0.80 and the AUC of 0.83. Features with significant importance in the model (clinical data+ CT+ PET) were as follows: maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max), peak of standardized uptake value (SUV peak), CT_shape_Maximum2DDiameterSlice, PET_shape_Elongation, PET_gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM)_Correlation, etc. Conclusions:Incorporating clinical data, PET/CT radiomics features and conventional metabolic parameters, the PD-L1 expression can be effectively predicted, which help to assist the selection of patients who may benefit from the immunotherapy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888181

ABSTRACT

The 95% ethanol extract of Baphicacanthis Cusiae Rhizoma et Radix was purified by multi-chromatographic methods including microporous resin, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and C_(18) reversed-phase column chromatography. Fourteen compounds were isolated and structurally identified, including five phenylethanoid glycosides, five phenylpropanoids, one lupinane triterpene, two alkaloids, and one flavonoid, listed as follows: 2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-(2-hydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)-3-oxo-1-propanol B(1), threo-2,3-bis-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzene)-3-methoxypropanol(2), 2-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-ethanol-1-O-[3,4-O-di-acetyl-(1→3)-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl]-β-D-glucopyranoside(3), verbascoside(4), 2″,3″-di-O-acetyl martynoside(5),(+)-pinore-sinol(6), diospyrosin(7), daidzein(8), wiedemannioside B(9), buddlenol A(10), 2″-O-acetyl martyonside(11), lupeol(12), indirubin(13), and tryptanthrin(14). Compound 3 was a new phenylethanoid glycoside, and the other 10 compounds were isolated for the first time from Baphicacanthis Cusiae Rhizoma et Radix except compounds 12, 13, and 14.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Glycosides , Flavonoids , Glycosides , Molecular Structure , Phenylethyl Alcohol , Rhizome
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1920-1929, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887628

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The global pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a major public health problem and presents an unprecedented challenge. However, no specific drugs were currently proven. This study aimed to evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of pharmacological interventions in patients with COVID-19.@*METHODS@#Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and clinicaltrials.gov were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)/SARS-CoV. Random-effects network meta-analysis within the Bayesian framework was performed, followed by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system assessing the quality of evidence. The primary outcome of interest includes mortality, cure, viral negative conversion, and overall adverse events (OAEs). Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated as the measure of effect size.@*RESULTS@#Sixty-six RCTs with 19,095 patients were included, involving standard of care (SOC), eight different antiviral agents, six different antibiotics, high and low dose chloroquine (CQ_HD, CQ_LD), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), corticosteroids (COR), and other treatments. Compared with SOC, a significant reduction of mortality was observed for TCM (OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.20-0.56, moderate quality) and COR (OR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.75-0.96, low quality) with improved cure rate (OR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.60-2.91, low quality for TCM; OR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.05-1.30, low quality for COR). However, an increased risk of mortality was found for CQ_HD vs. SOC (OR = 3.20, 95% CI: 1.18-8.73, low quality). TCM was associated with decreased risk of OAE (OR = 0.52, 95% CI: 0.38-0.70, very low quality) but CQ_HD (OR = 2.51, 95% CI: 1.20-5.24) and interferons (IFN) (OR = 2.69, 95% CI: 1.02-7.08) vs. SOC with very low quality were associated with an increased risk.@*CONCLUSIONS@#COR and TCM may reduce mortality and increase cure rate with no increased risk of OAEs compared with standard care. CQ_HD might increase the risk of mortality. CQ, IFN, and other antiviral agents could increase the risk of OAEs. The current evidence is generally uncertain with low-quality and further high-quality trials are needed.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887500

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect on mild and moderate postpartum depression treated with acupuncture of @*METHODS@#A total of 116 patients with mild and moderate postpartum depression were divided into an acupuncture group (103 cases) and a non-acupuncture group (13 cases) according to treatment regimen provided. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture of @*RESULTS@#The total effective rate of the acupuncture A group was 100.0% (31/31), better than 76.9% (10/13) in the non-acupuncture group and 58.1% in the acupuncture B group (18/31) (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression/therapy , Depression, Postpartum/therapy , Female , Humans , Needles , Treatment Outcome
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2217-2222, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887045

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the protective role of IMM-H004, a novel coumarin derivative, on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HIRI) in mice. All animal experiments in this paper have been approved by the Ethics Committee of Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. The experimental animals were divided into three groups, including sham group, model group, and IMM-H004 treatment group. Serum biochemical indicators were detected and H&E staining was used to assess liver damage. Real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) was performed to analysis the mRNA content of inflammatory factors. Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence were used to observe neutrophil infiltration. Western blot was used to examine the protein levels of NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC), cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1 (caspase-1), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). The results showed that IMM-H004 could significantly reduce the serum levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). H&E results showed IMM-H004 could alleviate liver damage caused by HIRI. The mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), IL-1β, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were decreased by IMM-H004 administration. Meanwhile, IMM-H004 could markedly inhibit neutrophil infiltration. Furthermore, IMM-H004 could significantly down-regulate the protein expression of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, and IL-1β, inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome pathway. Our results confirmed that IMM-H004 could protect mice from HIRI and provide a theoretical foundation for IMM-H004 application for treating HIRI.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886839

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between body mass index and the increase in body mass during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes in elderly pregnant women. Methods The clinical data was collected from 1,374 pregnant women who underwent regular prenatal care checkups and delivered a child at Jiangsu Maternity and Child Health Hospital from January 1, 2020 to May 1, 2020. According to the age of pregnant women, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), and gestational weight gain (GWG), the subjects were divided into different groups. The incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes between groups was compared, and the correlation between pregnant women's age, pre-pregnancy BMI and GWG and adverse pregnancy outcomes was analyzed. Results Compared with the non-advanced age group, the elderly group had an increase in the incidence rate of gestational diabetes (GDM) (38.66% VS 19.54%), the incidence rate of large for gestational age (LGA) (LGA) (19.75% VS 14.43%), and the cesarean section rate (55.46% VS) 34.77%), and the differences between the groups were statistically significant (t=40.773, 4.270, 35.630, P=0.001, 0.039, 0.001). There were no significant differences between the non-advanced age group and the elder group in the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) (10.92% VS 8.63%), the incidence of small for gestational age (2.52% VS 2.90%), and the incidence of neonatal asphyxia ( 2.10% VS 1.23%) (t=1.265, 0.105, 1.088, P=0.261, 0.746, 0.297). ). The incidence of GDM in overweight and obese elderly pregnant women was higher than that in underweight and normal pregnant women. The incidence of GDM in the elderly pregnant women with less GWG and excessive GWG was higher than that in the normal group (P<0.05). Conclusion The pre-pregnancy body mass index and the gain in body mass during pregnancy are related to the occurrence of adverse pregnancy outcomes. It is necessary to strengthen the monitoring and management of pre-pregnancy body mass index and pregnancy body quality in elderly pregnant women.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886772

ABSTRACT

Imaging and serological approaches play an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of alveolar echinococcosis; however, they also suffer from some problems during their applications in clinical practices, which urges the identification of potential diagnostic markers. Novel serological, genomics and proteomics diagnostic markers alone or in combination may increase the sensitivity and specificity in early diagnosis of alveolar echinococcosis, which play vital roles in monitoring of disease courses and prognostic evaluation. This review mainly presents the advances in the studies on novel diagnostic markers for alveolar echinococcosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 333-336, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the revised method of cerium sulfate catalytic spectrophotometry for iodide index of "Standard Examination Methods for Drinking Water-Nonmetal Parameters" (GB/T 5750.5-2006).Methods:From July to September 2019, the Laboratory of Department for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control of Qinghai Institute for Disease Prevention and Control verified the revised method (determination of iodide in drinking water by cerium sulfate catalytic spectrophotometry) of cerium sulfate catalytic spectrophotometry (hereinafter referred to as original method) in "Standard Examination Methods for Drinking Water-Nonmetal Parameters" (GB/T 5750.5-2006). The revised method was verified according to the requirements of "Standard Examination Methods for Drinking Water-Water Analysis Quality Control" (GB/T 5750.3-2006), including standard curve, detection limit, precision, accuracy and actual sample determination.Results:The linear range of the revised method was 0 - 20.0 μg/L, the correlation coefficient was - 0.999 4 - 0.999 8, and the detection limit was 0.231 μg/L. The relative standard deviation ( RSD) of low, medium and high iodine water samples of 6 times detection ranged from 1.4% to 9.6%, and the recoveries of low and medium water samples ranged from 89.0% to 108.0%. The detection results of national first-class reference materials for iodine composition analysis in water were within the range of standard value ± uncertainty. There was no significant difference in the test of results of 12 tap water samples between the revised method and the original standard method ( t = - 0.075, P > 0.05). Conclusion:The revised method has a good linear relationship of standard curve, high precision and accuracy, and good reproducibility, is simple and easy to operate, and is suitable for promotion and application.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 124-127, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the situation of drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis (short for drinking water fluorosis) in Huangzhong, Ping'an and Ledu districts of Qinghai Province and operation status of water improvement projects, and to evaluate the effect of control measures.Methods:In historical drinking water fluorosis villages of Huangzhong, Ping'an and Ledu districts of Qinghai Province in 2018, the status of water improvement, the operation of water improvement projects and the content of water fluoride were investigated; the dental fluorosis of 8-12 years old children in all investigated villages was checked; 3 villages from 3 districts were selected, X-ray examination for skeletal fluorosis and urinary fluoride detection of adults over 25 years old of age were performed.Results:Eight-two historical drinking water fluorosis villages in 3 districts were investigated and all the villages had water improvement projects, in addition, the water improvement projects were operating normally, and the water fluoride content ranged from 0.10 to 0.37 mg/L, which were in line with the drinking water fluoride content standard (< 1.2 mg/L). Totally 2 503 children aged 8-12 years old were examined, the detection rate of dental fluorosis was 6.03% (151/2 503), the index of dental fluorosis was 0.13, the epidemic intensity was negative; the detection rates of dental fluorosis in 3 districts were 6.24% (129/2 068), 4.05% (7/173), 5.73% (15/262), respectively, reaching the control standard (< 30%), and the detection rate of dental fluorosis in 81 villages was less than 30%; 198 adults over 25 years old were examined, the detection rate of skeletal fluorosis was 5.05% (10/198), the geometric mean of urinary fluoride was 0.81 mg/L, and skeletal fluorosis cases were mainly in the age group over 40 years old, all of them were mild cases.Conclusions:The fluoride content in drinking water and the detection rate of children's dental fluorosis are all up to the control standard, and the condition of skeletal fluorosis is significantly reduced after the implementation of water improvement measures in Huangzhong, Ping'an and Ledu districts. It can be seen that the prevention and control of drinking water fluorosis in Huangzhong, Ping'an and Ledu districts have achieved good results, but later management and condition monitoring of water improvement projects should be strengthened to prevent the disease from rebounding.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883573

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of problem-based learning (PBL) controlled by closed-loop feedback in the teaching of respiratory medicine.Methods:In PBL teaching, after students' open inquiry, discussion and PBL self-study, closed-loop feedback was given by organizing PPT report, written summary and mechanism diagram display of medical students. The participation of teachers and students, teaching quality, the degree of students' identification of key knowledge points, the breadth and depth of mastering the characteristics of key symptoms and the satisfaction of PBL teaching work were investigated, and the differences were compared before and after the closed-loop feedback. GraphPad Prism 5.01 was used in the analysis.Results:It was found that closed-loop feedback could improve the self-evaluation of tutor's teaching participation [(7.97±0.91) vs. (8.77±0.64), P < 0.001] and students' evaluation on teaching participation of tutor [(8.09±0.79) vs. (8.74±0.45), P < 0.001]. At the same time, students' evaluation on the teaching quality of tutors was also improved [(88.61±6.53) vs. (92.59±5.44), P < 0.001]. After closed-loop feedback, the students' identification of the required knowledge points in the syllabus was significantly increased [(84.00±21.75) vs. (90.22±16.18), P = 0.017]. The overall satisfaction with PBL teaching was also improved obviously [(8.93±0.67) vs. (9.37±0.64), P < 0.001]. Conclusion:Practice has proved that the closed-loop controlled PBL teaching approach has a good effect on the teaching of respiratory medicine, and it's worth popularizing in clinical teaching.

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