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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1720-1725, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887614

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Geriatric hip fracture patients receiving clopidogrel are a surgical challenge. In China, most of these patients undergo delayed surgical treatment after clopidogrel withdrawal for at least 5 to 7 days. However, delayed surgery is associated with increased complications and mortality in the older adults. This retrospective paralleled comparison study investigated the safety of early surgery for geriatric hip fracture patients within 5 days of clopidogrel withdrawal.@*METHODS@#Acute hip fracture patients (≥65 years) who were hospitalized in the orthogeriatric co-management ward of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital between November 2016 and April 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Sixty patients taking clopidogrel before injury and discontinued  0.050). The percentages of patients with coronary heart disease (61.7% vs. 18.3%; P  0.050). There was no significant difference in perioperative complications, and 30-day and 1-year mortality rates between the groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early hip fracture surgery is safe for elderly patients within 5 days of clopidogrel withdrawal, without increased perioperative blood loss, transfusion requirement, complications, and mortality compared with patients not taking antiplatelet drugs.


Subject(s)
Aged , Case-Control Studies , Clopidogrel/therapeutic use , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Ticlopidine/adverse effects
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879454

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effects of different postoperative rehabilitation modes on lumbar degenerative diseases, and explore influence of rehabilitation mode and other factors on postoperative effect.@*METHODS@#From June 2013 to July 2016, totally 900 patients were admitted from nine tertiary hospitals in Beijing to perform single segment bone grafting and internal fixation due to lumbar degenerative diseases were prospectively analyzed. There were 428 males and 472 females, the age of patient over 18 years old, with an average of (51.42±12.41) years old;according to patients' subjective wishes and actual residence conditions, all patients were divided into three groups, named as observation group 1 (performed integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment model intervention), observation group 2 (performed integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment, classified rehabilitation model intervention), and control group(performed routine rehabilitation model intervention). Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) were used to evaluate postoperative efficacy among three groups at 24 weeks. Possible factors affecting the postoperative efficacy including age, age grouping, gender, body mass index (BMI), BMI grouping, education level, visiting hospital, payment method of medical expenses, preoperative complications, preoperative JOA score, clinical diagnosis, surgery section, operative method, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative complications and rehabilitation mode were listed as independent variables, and postoperative ODI score at 24 weeks as dependent variables. Univariate analysis was used to analyze relationship between influencing factors and postoperative efficacy. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze relationship between influencing factors, rehabilitation mode and postoperative ODI score at 24 weeks, in further to find out the main reasons which affect postoperative efficacy, and to analyze impact of rehabilitation mode on postoperative efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 24 weeks after operation. All incisions healed at stage I with stable internal fixation. (1)Evaluation of postoperative efficacy:① There were no statistical differences in preoperative VAS and ODI among three groups(@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative JOA score, gender, age could predict postoperative clinical effects of lumbar degenerative diseases in varying degrees treated with single level bone graft fusion and internal fixation. Different rehabilitation modes could improve clinical effects. Intergrated rehabilitation orthopedic treatment model and integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment with classifiedrehabilitation model are superior to conventional rehabilitation model in improving patients' postoperative function and relieving pain, which is worthy of promoting in clinical.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2527-2534, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248950

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Sacroiliac (SI) screw fixation is a demanding technique, with a high rate of screw malposition due to the complex pelvic anatomy. TiRobot™ is an orthopedic surgery robot which can be used for SI screw fixation. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of robot-assisted placement of SI screws compared with a freehand technique.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty patients requiring posterior pelvic ring stabilization were randomized to receive freehand or robot-assisted SI screw fixation, between January 2016 and June 2016 at Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. Forty-five screws were placed at levels S1 and S2. In both methods, the primary end point screw position was assessed and classified using postoperative computed tomography. Fisher's exact probability test was used to analyze the screws' positions. Secondary end points, such as duration of trajectory planning, surgical time after reduction of the pelvis, insertion time for guide wire, number of guide wire attempts, and radiation exposure without pelvic reduction, were also assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-three screws were placed in the robot-assisted group and 22 screws in the freehand group; no postoperative complications or revisions were reported. The excellent and good rate of screw placement was 100% in the robot-assisted group and 95% in the freehand group. The P value (0.009) showed the same superiority in screw distribution. The fluoroscopy time after pelvic reduction in the robot-assisted group was significantly shorter than that in the freehand group (median [Q1, Q3]: 6.0 [6.0, 9.0] s vs. median [Q1, Q3]: 36.0 [21.5, 48.0] s; χ2 = 13.590, respectively, P < 0.001); no difference in operation time after reduction of the pelvis was noted (χ2 = 1.990, P = 0.158). Time for guide wire insertion was significantly shorter for the robot-assisted group than that for the freehand group (median [Q1, Q3]: 2.0 [2.0, 2.7] min vs. median [Q1, Q3]: 19.0 [15.5, 45.0] min; χ2 = 20.952, respectively, P < 0.001). The number of guide wire attempts in the robot-assisted group was significantly less than that in the freehand group (median [Q1, Q3]: 1.0 [1.0,1.0] time vs. median [Q1, Q3]: 7.0 [1.0, 9.0] times; χ2 = 15.771, respectively, P < 0.001). The instrumented SI levels did not differ between both groups (from S1 to S2, χ2 = 4.760, P = 0.093).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Accuracy of the robot-assisted technique was superior to that of the freehand technique. Robot-assisted navigation is safe for unstable posterior pelvic ring stabilization, especially in S1, but also in S2. SI screw insertion with robot-assisted navigation is clinically feasible.</p>

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 477-482, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357976

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Old pelvis fractures are among the most challenging fractures to treat because of their complex anatomy, difficult-to-access surgical sites, and the relatively low incidence of such cases. Proper evaluation and surgical planning are necessary to achieve the pelvic ring symmetry and stable fixation of the fracture. The goal of this study was to assess the use of three-dimensional (3D) printing techniques for surgical management of old pelvic fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>First, 16 dried human cadaveric pelvises were used to confirm the anatomical accuracy of the 3D models printed based on radiographic data. Next, nine clinical cases between January 2009 and April 2013 were used to evaluate the surgical reconstruction based on the 3D printed models. The pelvic injuries were all type C, and the average time from injury to reconstruction was 11 weeks (range: 8-17 weeks). The workflow consisted of: (1) Printing patient-specific bone models based on preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans, (2) virtual fracture reduction using the printed 3D anatomic template, (3) virtual fracture fixation using Kirschner wires, and (4) preoperatively measuring the osteotomy and implant position relative to landmarks using the virtually defined deformation. These models aided communication between surgical team members during the procedure. This technique was validated by comparing the preoperative planning to the intraoperative procedure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The accuracy of the 3D printed models was within specification. Production of a model from standard CT DICOM data took 7 hours (range: 6-9 hours). Preoperative planning using the 3D printed models was feasible in all cases. Good correlation was found between the preoperative planning and postoperative follow-up X-ray in all nine cases. The patients were followed for 3-29 months (median: 5 months). The fracture healing time was 9-17 weeks (mean: 10 weeks). No delayed incision healing, wound infection, or nonunions occurred. The results were excellent in two cases, good in five, and poor in two based on the Majeed score.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The 3D printing planning technique for pelvic surgery was successfully integrated into a clinical workflow to improve patient-specific preoperative planning by providing a visual and haptic model of the injury and allowing patient-specific adaptation of each osteosynthesis implant to the virtually reduced pelvis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Fractures, Bone , Diagnosis , Pathology , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Pelvic Bones , General Surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Young Adult
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2699-2704, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322127

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Surgical treatment of acetabular fracture has long been a challenging area in the field of orthopedic trauma. The aim of this research was to investigate the operative methods for delayed acetabular fractures and to assess the operation results.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The operative approaches, procedures, results, and complications of the delayed acetabular fractures between 1995 and 2005 were retrospectively evaluated at Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. Quality of life was assessed for each patient with the Merle d'Aubingne and Postel fracture function rating scale and the radiological result was assessed using the Matta radiological score.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Sixty-eight cases (70 hips) were followed up with a minimal duration of five years (average of 5.8 years). Excellent functional results were observed in 10 hip joints, good results in 40, fair results in 11, and poor results in nine. The risks of poor prognosis include impact fracture or osteochondral fracture of femoral head, a time beyond 42 days from injury to operative management, and dislocation of femoral head during the injury. Some of the problems, which were observed included postoperative infection in two hips, iatrogenic sciatic nerve injury in eight hips, traumatic arthritis in 15 hips, heterotopic ossification in 17 hips, and necrosis of the femoral head in six hips.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A careful selection of operative indications for delayed acetabular fractures in combination with a proper operative approach and appropriate reduction and fixation could guarantee relatively good results.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 318-322, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257502

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the ASES, Constant and HSS score systems and their significance on postoperative function of the shoulder.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 172 cases of proximal humeral fracture of five affiliated hospital from September 2004 to September 2008 were analyzed. All the functional outcome of the involved shoulder were evaluated by ASES, Constant, HSS score and patient self score. The correlations and agreement of three shoulder scales were analyzed with Pearson correlation test and Bland-Altman plot in different age groups and fracture types.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The Constant score were lower than other two scores in the same age group and fracture type (F = 13.62 and 4.80, P < 0.05). (2) The correlations between three shoulder scales: ASES and Constant (r = 0.754, P = 0.0003), ASES and HSS (r = 0.755, P = 0.0001), Constant and HSS (r = 0.858, P = 0.0002). The correlations between three shoulder scales and patient self evaluation: ASES (r = 0.602, P = 0.0002), Constant (r = 0.705, P = 0.0001), HSS (r = 0.663, P = 0.0037). The Bland-Altman plot shows three shoulder scales have good agreement. (3)The correlation between Constant score and patient self evaluation decreased in the elder group and severe fracture type.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ASES, Constant, HSS shoulder score systems are all fit to evaluate the functional outcome of the shoulder, they have good correlation and agreement. Constant score in recommended for its high correlation coefficient with patient self evaluation score. However, its age bias must be paid attention in clinical practice. ASES shoulder score can be used in remote follow-up.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder Fractures , General Surgery , Shoulder Joint , Trauma Severity Indices , Young Adult
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 574-578, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262566

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Few data on ankle fractures in China from large multicenter epidemiological and clinical studies are available. The aim of this research was to evaluate the epidemiological features and surgical outcomes of ankle fractures by reviewing 235 patients who underwent ankle fracture surgery at five hospitals in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study included patients who underwent ankle fracture surgery at five Chinese hospitals from January 2000 to July 2009. Age, gender, mechanism of injury, Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) fracture type, fracture pattern, length of hospital stay and treatment outcome were recorded. Statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS software. The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot scale, visual analogue scale (VAS), and arthritis scale were used to evaluate outcome.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 235 patients with ankle fractures, 105 were male with an average age of 37.8 years and 130 were female with an average age of 47.3 years. The average follow-up period was 55.7 months. There were significant differences in the ratios of patients in different age groups between males and females, and in mechanisms of injury among different age groups. There were also significant differences in the length of hospital stay among different fracture types and mechanisms of injury. In healed fractures, the average AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score was 95.5, with an excellence rate of 99.6%, the average VAS score was 0.17, and the average arthritis score was 0.18. Movement of the injured ankle was significantly different to that of the uninjured ankle. There were no significant differences between AO fracture types, fracture patterns or follow-up periods and AOFAS score, but there were some significant differences between these parameters and ankle joint movements, pain VAS score and arthritis score.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ankle fractures occur most commonly in middle-aged and young males aged 20 - 39 years and in elderly females aged 50 - 69 years. The most common mechanisms of injury are twisting injuries and falls from a standing height or less. The results of surgical treatment are satisfactory.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Distribution , Ankle Injuries , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Sex Distribution , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 729-732, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285654

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To investigate the clinical features of femoral neck fractures and analyze related causes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of patients with femoral neck fractures from June 2002 to August 2009 were retrospectively analyzed. The gender, age, fracture side, fracture type, basic social data, activities before injury, injury causes and treatment were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 219 patients (106 male and 113 female) was analyzed. All patients were divided into children group (age < 16 years), adult group (age ranged from 16 to 60 years) and older group (> 60 years). There were 5 patients (2.3%) in the children group, 81 patients (37.0%) in the adult group and 133 patients (60.7%) in the older group. There were 11 patients (5.0%) with Garden I fractures, 32 patients (14.6%) with Garden II fractures, 90 patients (41.1%) with Garden III fractures and 86 patients (39.3%) with Garden IV fractures. Fall damage and traffic injury were the main injury types. Home and public place were the main injury sites.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The incidence of femoral neck fracture shows the highest in the old persons. The male patients with femoral neck fractures are more than female patients in children and adult group, while the male patients with femoral neck fractures are less than female patients in older group. The dominant fractures type according to Garden classification is Garden III fractures in children and adult groups, but Garden IV fractures in older group. Fall damage and traffic injury are the main injury types. Home and public place are the main injury sites.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Epidemiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1232-1235, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280586

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the principle and treatment of rotational unstable nonunion of the femoral shaft fracture after interlocking nailing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2003 to June 2007, 18 cases of rotational unstable nonunion of femoral shaft fractures after interlocking nailing were treated with exchanged reamed nailing and/or LCP fixation and iliac bone graft. The average age was 40 years old (from 22 to 52).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up for an average time of 28 months (from 12 to 58). All the fractures were united in an average time of 7 months (from 6 to 8). There were no perioperative complications occurred and no wound infection were observed. No loosening was found around the implant till the last follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Rotational instability is one of the reasons of nonunion of femoral shaft fracture after interlocking nailing. Reaming and nail exchanging or LCP fixation with iliac bone graft are the appropriate methods which can achieve a great clinic results.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Femoral Fractures , General Surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Methods , Fractures, Ununited , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 506-509, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237776

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effect of surgical resection of the severe heterotopic ossification (HO) after the open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of acetabular fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Five cases of severe HO after the ORIF of acetabular fractures were treated by surgical resection from October 2005 to April 2007. All patients were male, the average age was 34 years (22 to 45 years). The average time of HO after ORIF of acetabular fractures was 14.2 months (3 to 30 months). The original surgical approaches were: Kocher-Langenbeck approach as 4, ilioinguinal combined K-L approach as 1. According to the Brooker classification, there were 4 patients with IV degree and 1 with III degree. The average total movement for all the 5 patients was 8 degrees. All patients received one time radiation therapy before or after operation, the dosage was 7-8 Gy. The surgical approach was Kocher-Langenbeck for all patients. During operation the nerve stimulator was used to explore the sciatic nerve and carefully protected it, resected all HO bone and removed all implants. For one patient, because of confusion between femoral head and acetabulum, total hip replacement were performed. The joint exercise (passively and actively) began from the second day after operation, and at the same time, all patients took the indomethacin to prevent the occurrence of HO.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up for 4 to 22 months. There was no recurrence of HO, the average total movement for all the 5 patients was 160 degrees.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Early surgical resection and combined with radiation and indomethacin for the severe HO after the ORIF of acetabular fractures can obtain excellent results.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Wounds and Injuries , Adult , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ossification, Heterotopic , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 535-537, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317120

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To improve the ability of recognizing, diagnosing and treatment for the femoral shaft fractures combined with ipsilateral occult femoral neck fractures, and reduce the rate of loss-diagnosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>By retrospective study of 50 patients who sustained ipsilateral femoral shaft and neck fractures from March 1998 to October 2003, 9 cases were femoral shaft fractures combined ipsilateral femoral neck fractures. The neck fractures were diagnosed separately before, during and after operation. Among the 9 cases, 5 cases treated with reconstructive intramedullary nail to fix both shaft and neck fractures; 3 cases were treated with retrograted intramedullary nail to fix shaft fractures and with canulated screws to fix neck fractures; another one was sustained two operations, after the fixation of shaft by intramedullary nail, the neck fracture was found, the neck fracture was fixed with canulated screws anterior and posterior of the nail.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nine cases were followed up for average 20 months. All femoral shaft fractures were united during 6 months; and all neck fractures were united during 3 months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Femoral shaft fractures combined with ipsilateral occult femoral neck fractures have a high rate of loss-diagnosis during the early stage after injure, the orthopaedic surgeons should consider the femoral neck fracture by analyzing the mechanism of high energy injury patient with femoral shaft fracture. The occult femoral neck fractures can be diagnosed by CT scan before operation. During and after the operation of fixing the femoral shaft fractures, the femoral neck should be observed intensively to identify the exist of fractures.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Femoral Fractures , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Femoral Neck Fractures , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 220-223, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311117

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical significance of computed tomography (CT) in diagnosis and treatment of acetabular fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The plain and CT films of the 66 cases of acetabular fracture from January 2001 to June 2002 were analyzed retrospectively, and the radiological characteristics and results were compared to each other.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The diagnosis of 6 cases were changed after CT examination, and the occurrence ratio of marginal impaction, free body in joint, femoral head fracture, sacro-iliac injury and ischial tubersoity fracture involvement were 3:17, 7:29, 6:15, 0:5 and 1:5 in plain and CT examination respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CT examination has the determinative role in detecting weight-bearing zone, marginal impaction, free body, femoral head fracture, sacro-iliac injury, etc., and for completing the diagnosis and guiding the treatment. It should be the routine examination just as the three standard plain examinations in acetabular fractures, and should be carefully read.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Diagnostic Imaging , Wounds and Injuries , Fractures, Bone , Diagnosis , Humans , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685032

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the operative treatment of nonunion of humeral shaft fracture with in- ternal plate fixation and autogenous cancellous hone graft.Methods Forty-one cases of nonunion of humeral shaft fracture operatively treated from February 2002 to December 2004 were analyzed retrospectively.There were 32 males and nine females.Their average age was 37.5 years(range,17 to 67 years).Sixteen nonunions were defined as hypertrophic and 25 as atrophic.We followed all the patients and obtained their complete medical information. Results Our average follow-up was 22.6 months(range,8 to 42 months).Forty fractures(97.6%)were united within an average of 5.8 months(range,3 to 12 months).Complications included iatrogenic radial nerve injury in three patients,wound infection in one patient and fracture nonunion in one patient.At the final follow-up,shou]der and elbow functions were found to be satisfactory.Conclusion Open reduction and plate internal fixation sup- plemented with autogenous cancellous bone graft is an effective treatment for nonunion of humeral shaft fracture.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685031

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of indomethacin on prevention of heterotopic ossification (HO)after operative treatment of acetabular fractures.Methods Fifty patients with acetabular fractures received in our department operative treatment through Kocher-langenbeck(K-L)approach and oral administration of in- domethacin afer operation from February 2001 to August 2003.Forty-eight of them were successfully followed up for incidence of HO and their clinical functions were assessed.The results were compared with those of 40 patients who had been treated with the same operative procedures but without oral administration of indomethacin in our depart- ment from March 1993 to May 1998.The patients who could not tolerate the drug were not included.Results The follow-ups averaged 22.8 months(range,6 to 39 months).HO occurred in eight cases.The incidence of HO was 16.7%(8/48).According to Brooker evaluation of HO,five cases were rated as degreeⅠ,three as degreeⅡ, and none as degreeⅢorⅣ.The incidence of severe HO was 0.In the control group,the incidence of HO was 35.0%(14/40)and the incidence of severe HO was 10.0%(4/40).The differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion Oral administration of indomethacin after operative treatment of acetabular fractures can inhibit HO.

15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 130-133, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257711

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the operative methods of delayed acetabular fractures and the operative results.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The operative approaches, procedures, results and complications of the delayed acetabular fractures between August 1993 and August 2001 in Jishuitan Hospital were evaluated retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty-two patients were followed up 49.6 months on average. Sciatic nerve palsy was found in 1 patient. Excellent functional results of hip joints were found in 3 patients, good in 16, fair in 10, and poor in 3. Ectopic bone formation was observed in 6 patients and necrosis of the femoral head in 3.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Careful selection of operative indications of delayed acetabular fractures in combination with proper operative approach and appropriate reduction and fixation, good results can be obtained.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Adult , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 289-291, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300064

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the diagnosis and treatment of marginal impaction of acetabular fractures.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Eighteen of 26 patients with marginal impaction of acetabular fractures were retrospectively reviewed. Marginal impactions was confirmed in 15 patients by CT scan before operation, and in 3 during operation. All patients were treated by ORIF, and the impacted bones were elevated with bone grafts (Bone graft was not used in one patient). All fractures were fixed with a reconstruction plate.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean follow up was 36.7 months (5 - 71 months). The modified D'Aubingne and Postel score system showed excellent results in 6 patients, good 7, fair 2, and poor 3.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Posterior fractures and dislocations of acetabular fractures are easily combined with marginal impaction, and can diagnosed by CT scan. Cortical impaction should be recognized as a special type. The impacted bone should be elevated for bone grafting.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Wounds and Injuries , Adult , Bone Plates , Bone Transplantation , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 342-345, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300036

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To improve the effect of operative management of acetabular fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and seventy eight acetabular fractures were treated operatively from August 1993 to December 2000. Their functional results and complications were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One hundred and twelve hips were followed up for an average of 45.7 months. Heterotopic ossification was noted in 26 hips, post-operative osteoarthritis in 22 hips, avascular necrosis of the femoral head in 8 hips, and sciatic nerve injury in 7 hips after operations. No death and infection were found in this series.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ectopic bone formation develops at extended ilio-femoral and Kocher-Langeneck approaches. Cartilaginous injury of the femoral head is contributable to post-operative osteoarthritis, and imperfect reduction is an important factor in the genesis of osteoarthritis.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Wounds and Injuries , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Femur Head Necrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Humans , Intraoperative Complications , Male , Middle Aged , Ossification, Heterotopic , Osteoarthritis, Hip , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Sciatic Nerve , Wounds and Injuries , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
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