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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887733


Pathogens like bacteria and protozoa, which affect human and animal health worldwide, can be transmitted by vectors like ticks. To investigate the epidemiology and genetic diversity of bacteria and protozoans carried by ticks in Chengmai county of Hainan province, China, 285 adult hard ticks belonging to two species [

Anaplasmataceae/isolation & purification , Animals , Chaperonin 60/genetics , China , Citrate (si)-Synthase/genetics , Coccidia/isolation & purification , Coxiellaceae/isolation & purification , Insect Vectors/microbiology , Islands , Ixodidae/microbiology , Phylogeny , Piroplasmia/isolation & purification , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 18S/genetics
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 608-612, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273130


Objective To establish a method combined morphology and molecular marker for identifying Haemaphysalis longicomis and Rhipicephalus microplus. Methods Ticks were collected from domestic animals and wild environment in epidemic area of Hubei and Henan provinces where cases of fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome were prevalent. We classified the ticks by morphology characteristics before 12S rDNA of ticks were amplified by PCR and subsequently sequenced. Phylogenetic tree was constructed by PAUP4.0. Results The ticks belonged to Haemaphysalis longicomis and Rhipicephalus microplus through observation and analysed by the morphological characteristics of the ticks. 12S rDNA was cloned and sequenced while data confirmed the morphological identification of the results. Conclusion The method based on morphology that combined with molecular marker seemed a good method for the identificaton of ticks.

Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 300-303, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267382


Objective To better understand the epidemiology of rabies during the past ten years in Yancheng city,Jiangsu province. Methods Data was collected and analyzed on rabies cases in Yancheng. Density and vaccination rate on Canine,Rate of injured people bit by dogs,and the information of post-exposure prophylaxis were studied. Rabies virus in the dog brains,collected around the epidemic areas of Yancheng,were detected and analyzed. Results A total of 135 human rabies cases occurred from 1999 through 2008,and formed the second epidemic peak since 1958. Of these victims,84% (114) were farmers. In general,the rate of people having dogs were 3%-6% per 100 people,and the injured person-times of 100 dogs were 6.37 per year. Notably,the vaccination rate of dogs was only 20%. Of those people injured by dogs and other animals,77% had received post-exposure treatment,and only 5%-10% had been administered anti-rabies serum. Rabies virus antigen was found in 4 (3.6%) of 111 brain specimens among dogs collected from epidemic areas. Genetic analysis of N and G genes,which were amplified from brain specimens,indicated that these viruses belong to genotype Ⅰ rabies and expressing a close relationship with the Chinese vaccine strain CTN. Conclusion The large number of dogs with low vaccination rate among them,together with the incorrect and low post-exposure treatment in rural areas seemed to be responsible for the outbreak of rabies in Yancheng city.