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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905165

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the behavior of seeking medical care for people with disabilities under the background of Health Poverty Alleviation. Methods:Descriptive statistics method was used to analyze the behavior of seeking medical care for people with disabilities based on the data of the National Health Poverty Alleviation Dynamic Management System. Results:The Three Batch action plan mainly focuses on contracted services for chronic diseases; the number of visits for people with disabilities gradually increases, the proportion of visits within the county increases, and the proportion of hospitalizations decreases. The hospitals visited are mainly secondary hospitals, township health hospitals and community health service centers, and the medical expenditure is relatively high. These phenomena are different among disability conditions. Conclusion:The behavior of people with disabilities was remarkably improved after Health Poverty Alleviation. In the future, we should consolidate the achievements of Health Poverty Alleviation, increase the prevention of chronic diseases for people with disabilities, and further improve the accessibility of medical services and the level of medical security for people with disabilities.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879874

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of serum levels of trace elements with core symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#From September 2018 to September 2019, an investigation was performed for 1 020 children with ASD and 1 038 healthy children matched for age and sex in the outpatient service of grade A tertiary hospitals and special education institutions in 13 cities of China. Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) were used to assess the core symptoms of the children with ASD. The inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to measure serum levels of trace elements magnesium, iron, copper, and zinc.@*RESULTS@#The children with ASD had significantly lower serum levels of magnesium, copper, and zinc than the healthy children (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The serum levels of magnesium and zinc may be associated with core symptoms in children with ASD, which requires further studies. The nutritional status of trace elements should be monitored for children with ASD in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Child , China , Copper/analysis , Humans , Trace Elements/analysis , Zinc
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779550

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the molecular characteristics of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Guizhou Province. Methods Using a convenience sampling strategy, 8 583 samples were collected in Guizhou and an investigation was conducted including face-to-face questionnaire interview and HIV testing. Results 1 511 cases failed in HIV suppression (viral load, VL>1 000 copies/ml). 1 410 cases (93.31%) were successfully genotyped with HIV pol gene, among which 51.42% were genotyped as CRF01_AE, 26.67% as CRF07_BC and 16.1% as CRF08_BC. Conclusion The subtype changes caused by HIV gene mutation should precede the changes of main transmission routes of HIV through the analysis in recent years. Timely monitoring the changes of HIV subtypes can be one of the main bases for the prevention and control of AIDS.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330165

ABSTRACT

In this study, by using the method of literature research, 35 prescriptions related to asthma therapy has been screened out from Hui medicine through collecting the ancient and modern literature. A comparison of fragrant medicine between the name in Arab and Chinese herbal medicine is done. The countif function in Microsoft Excel 2007 is used to get the prescriptions of the drug on the frequency statistics, summarizing the common drugs of Hui medicine for asthma are Pinellia, almond, white sugar, walnut. According to the commonly used drugs, the pathogeny and treatment principle about Hui medicine for asthma is preliminarily inferred combining literature research and the related Hui medical theory. In this study, those prescriptions have been classified into 21 cases which are effective and can be used in medical therapy according to the relevant literatures with the development of the Hui people in their long process of formation of the unique diet culture, 14 useful and convenient Halal diet therapies are made up according to the indications, therapies, party name and composition. Halal diet and "medicine and food" herbs are preliminarily analyzed and summarized, which can be convenient for the people to reduce pains through the diet and improve health awareness.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Drug Therapy , Ethnology , China , Cough , Drug Therapy , Ethnology , Diet , Ethnology , Drug Prescriptions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305331

ABSTRACT

By using the method of philology, 65 Hui prescriptions for treating cough were been collected to compare Arabic and Chinese names of pennisetum, anemarrhenae, honey, pease, white mustard, perilla and towel gourd stem. The Countif function in Microsoft Excel 2007 was used to count frequency of drugs in the prescriptions and summarize eight common Hui medicine for treating cough, namely sugar, honey, almond, fritillaria, liquorice, orange peel, white mulberry root-bark and lily. According to the commonly used drugs, philological studies and theories of Hui medicines, pathology and therapy of Hui medicines for treating cough were preliminarily inferred. In this study, 35 practical prescriptions and 30 simple and convenient Halal dietary prescriptions were summarized from collected prescriptions according to relevant literatures. On the basis of the long-lasting unique dietary therapy culture developed for Hui people, the simple and practical dietary prescriptions were defined according indications, therapy, prescription name and composition, and eight types of drug-admixed foods were summarized to relieve pains and improve health awareness and quality of life. Meanwhile, this study could also enrich and perfect the prescriptions, provide new ideas for improving health of patients, and lay a certain realistic foundation for further study of Hui medicines.


Subject(s)
China , Ethnology , Cough , Drug Therapy , Ethnology , Drug Prescriptions , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
6.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 88-93, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842286

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of autotoxicity and the co-effect of autotoxicity and soil microbes from continuous cropping soil on Angelica sinensis growth, root yield and content of essential oils, and soil microbal population. Methods: The pot experiments were conducted upon A. sinensis seedlings in continuous cropping soil. At the different growth stages, we determined the seedlings in growth parameters, root yield, content of essential oils, ethanol extract, and cultivable microbial populations in rhizosphere soil. Results: A. sinensis seedlings were significantly inhibited in growth, root yield and quality. Compared with the control, the composition and structure of soil microbes were changed and the diversity indexes of bacteria functional groups were reduced in rhizosphere soil of A. sinensis. A. sinensis cropping problems were more seriously after the treatment with combination of autotoxicity and soil microbes than with autotoxicity alone. Conclusions: The autotoxicity and soil microbes from continuous cropping soil of A. sinensis could cause the continuous cropping obstacle together.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854467

ABSTRACT

Objective: In this study, a water culture experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of silicon addition on the seed germination and seedling growth of Glvarrhiza uralensis under salt stress. Methods: Various components of the experiment were three salt treatments (50, 100, and 150 mmol/L NaCl) and six Si levels (0, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 mmol/L) in distilled water. Potassium silicate (K2SO4) was used as a source of Si. Results: The result showed that silicon addition had the significant effect on the seed germination and seedling growth, and this effect was dependent on the salt stress level and silicon addition concentration. Under 50 and 100 mmol/L NaCl stress condition, lower concentration silicon addition had no significant effect on the germination rate, germination index, seedling emergence rate, and radical length, while had the significantly promoted effect on plant height, and root and shoot dry weight of G. uralensis. However, higher concentration silicon addition had the significantly inhibited effect on the seed germination and seedling growth. Under 150 mmol/L NaCl stress condition, silicon addition at lower concentration significantly promoted the seed germination and seedling growth of G. uralensis, including the germination rate, seedling emergence, germination index, seedling vigor, radical and embryo length, and root and shoot dry weight. However, silicon addition at higher concentration significantly inhibited the seedling growth of G. uralensis, while had no significant effect on the seed germination. Conclusion: Silicon is directly involved in the physiological process of the seed germination and seedling growth of G. uralensis under salt stress condition, and this involved extent is dependent on the salt stress level and silicon addition concentration.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299844

ABSTRACT

A pot experiment was conducted to study effect of drought stress on leaf physiological characteristics and growth of one year old Stellaria dichotoma seedlings. The result showed that plant height and shoot dry weight significantly decreased with decrease in soil water content; however, root length and root dry weight increased at light drought stress and decreased at severe drought stress. The result also showed that with the decrease of soil water content, proline content in S. dichotoma leaves decreased then increase, while solube protein content decreased. Activities of SOD and POD in S. dichotoma leaves significantly decreased as soil water content decreased, while activity of CAT significantly decreased at severe drought stress. Membrane permeability in S. dichotoma leaves increased, while MDA content decreased then increased as soil water decreased. These results suggest that S. dichotoma had osmotic stress resistance ability and reactive oxygen scavenging capacity at light drought stress, which caused S. dichotoma growth was no inhibited at a certain extent drought stress.


Subject(s)
Droughts , Plant Leaves , Metabolism , Plant Proteins , Metabolism , Plant Roots , Metabolism , Proline , Metabolism , Seedlings , Metabolism , Stellaria , Metabolism , Water , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855523

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of three cropping rotations (i.e. the main cropping, stubble, and continuous cropping) on the soil enzyme activity in rhizosphere soil, yield, and quality of Angelica sinensis. Methods: In rhizosphere soil of different cropping rotations, the activities of urease, phosphatase, and polyphenoloxidase were determined with colorimetry, and the activities of catalase with potassium permanganate titration. Results: Enzyme activities were strongly affected by different cropping rotations. The activities of urease and phosphatase of main cropping soil were higher than those of continuous cropping soil at the significant level in the seedling and harvest stages. The activities of urease were decreased by 16.53% and 37.17%, the activities of neutral phosphatase 28.01% and 30.69%, respectively. While the activity of polyphenoloxidase increased pronouncedly (15.10%, 83.67%, and 38.53%) in continuous cropping rotation in all growth stages (seedling, root enlargement, and harvest). The yield, essential oil content, and extract content under continuous cropping were significant lower than those in main cropping (decreasing 49.00%, 25.26%, and 12.58%, respectively). Conclusion: Both yield and quality of A. sinensis decline, and urease and neutral phosphatase activities of rhizosphere soil significantly decline in the continuous cropping, while the catalase and polyphenoloxidase activities present rising tendency.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 689-692, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273112

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the HIV-1 diversity and how did it promot the rapid spread of AIDS,in Guizhou province.Methods A total of 190 HIV-1 positive subjects were collected in different years and regions from Guizhou province.The env and gag genes were amplified with nested PCR and their sequences were determined.The subtypes were identified by the MEGA 4.0 software and the relationships between subtypes and AIDS epidemic were analyzed.Results The number of HIV/AIDS reported cases was increased from 66 in 1998 up to 8435 in 2009,a 16.38 time increase in 7 years.Subtypes B(9),B'(4),C(2),CRF07_BC(75),CRF08_BC(17),CRF01_AE(64)were identified in Guizhou province among the samples collected in various periods of time.The genetic diversities in env gene of CRF07_BC and CRF08_BC increased along with the spreading of HIV (from 0.035±0.006 to 0.092±0.011).Subtype B'(4/11)appeared the main subtype prevailed in Guizhou in 1998 as well as CRF07_BC(26/41)in 2002 and CRF01_AE(62/119)in 2007.The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Guizhou province showed an rapidly upward trend,with the main risk factors of HIV transmission as 2610 cases through injecting drug users(IDUs).and 176 cases due to sexually transmitted infections(STIs),from year 2001 to 2006.However,STIs began to increase rapidly,after 2006,with 1713 cases of IDUs and 1833 cases of STIs.Data indicated that the change of composition of different HIV-1 subtypes was correlated with the mode of transmission in Guizhou province(x2=41.253,P=0.000).Conclusion The types of HIV strains changed over time as well the turnover of the main risk factors.Sexual transmission,including both hetero-and homo-sexual became the main risk factors,suggesting the development of related prevention and control programs,on HIV/AIDS should be considered accordingly in the future.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855733

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between continuous cropping obstacle and autotoxicity of Angelica sinensis, autotoxic effect and organic compounds of rhizosphere soil water extract were determined. Methods: Distilled water (CK), water extract of rhizosphere soil (100, 125, 250, and 500 mg/ mL) were applied to testing their effect on early development of A. sinensis. Seed germination rate, germination index, elongation of radicle and embryo were recorded, and GC-MS was conducted for the compound identification in the extract. Results: The water extract at concentraion as low as 125 mg/mL significantly inhibited the germination and seedling growth of A. sinensis, and this inhibitory effect generally increased with the increase of the concentration of water extracts. Seventeen compounds in rhizosphere soil water extract were identified, including organic acids, ketones, aldehydes, esters, and hydrocarbons, most of them are allelophathic substance. Conclusion: Water extracts from A. sinensis rhizosphere soil have inhibitory effects on A. sinensis germination and seedling growth, and this inhibitory effect generally increased with the increases of the water extract concentration at a certain ranges. In conclusion, there is autotoxicity in continuous cropping of A. sinensis, which is one of the causes of problems associated with the continuous cropping obstacle of a single plant species.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 594-597, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313078

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a rapid, specific and sensitive diagnostic method for quantification and typing of genogroup Ⅰ and Ⅱ norovirus in oyster shellfish and stool samples from patients who had eaten them. Methods Specific primers and probe, following large scale norovirus genome consensus analysis were designed and subsequently a TaqMan based Real-time PCR assay to detect both GⅠ and GⅡ were established. Results This method showed high specificity for norovirus nucleic acid detection, and no cross-reaction among norovirus GⅠ and GⅡ. The limit on detection of NV genomes was 102 copies/μl. A total of 90 oysters and 37 stool specimens with diarrhea were tested for norovirus by conventional reverse transcriptional PCR (RT-PCR) assay as well as the TaqMan Real-time PCR, respectively. The norovirus detection rate in oysters by TaqMan PCR was significantly higher than that by conventional RT-PCR, but no differences between the two PCR methods were found when detecting the stool samples. Reliability of the Real-time PCR for norovirus detection was further confirmed by DNA sequencing of the positive samples.Conclusion This TaqMan Real-time PCR assay was proved to be a useful method for quantification and typing for norovirus in routine monitoring of both oyster shellfish and clinical samples.This method is recommended to be an effective diagnostic method for outbreak-associated gastroenteritis due to norovirus.

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