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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1606-1609, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of serum protein ROCK2 in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The patients were divided into cGVHD group and control group (without cGVHD). The expression levels of serum protein ROCK2 were detected by ELISA in patients with or without cGVHD after allo-HSCT.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of ROCK2 in serum of cGVHD patients was significantly higher than those in control group, moreover, the expression level of ROCK2 in severe cGVHD group was significant higher than that in moderate and mild cGVHD group (P<0.001). The expression level of ROCK2 was significantly decreased in the serum of cGVHD patients after treatment(P<0.01); the expression level of ROCK2 was significantly higher in the serum of cGVHD patients with lung as the target organ(P<0.01). The median survival time of patients with severe cGVHD were significantly shorter than that of patients with mild and moderate cGVHD(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ROCK2 shows certain reference value in the evaluation of severity and prognosis of cGVHD, and may be a new target for the treatment of cGVHD.


Subject(s)
Blood Proteins , Chronic Disease , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Transplantation, Homologous , rho-Associated Kinases
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1880-1884, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879987

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of CD123 in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its relationship between clinical features, concomitant fusion gene or gene mutation, efficacy and prognosis.@*METHODS@#365 patients with newly diagnosed AML (except M3) treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were enrolled and retrospective analysis, and multi-parameter flow cytometry was performed to detect the expression of CD123 in myeloid leukemia cell population. CD123≥20% was defined as positive. Clinical features, concomitant fusion gene or gene mutation, efficacy and prognosis of CD123@*RESULTS@#The positive rate of CD123 in 365 newly diagnosed AML patients was 38.9%. Compared with the CD123@*CONCLUSION@#CD123 positive indicates that AML patients have higher tumor burden and are more difficult to reach remission. It is an independent risk factor for OS and EFS in patients with normal karyotype and intermediate risk, which is important to evaluate the prognosis of patients with AML without specific prognostic marker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Patients , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774308

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features, accompanying gene mutation characteristics and prognostic factors of adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia with mutated NPM1 (NPM1AML).@*METHODS@#Seventy-three patients with newly diagnosed adult NPM1AML were selected. The mutations of 22 genes were detected by second generation sequencing and 43 fusion genes of AML were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Cox multivariate regression analysis were used to study the prognostic factors.@*RESULTS@#A total of 74 NPM1 site mutations were detected in 73 patients with NPM1AML. The incidence rates were 92.0% L287fs, 2.7% Q289fs and W288fs, 1.4% L258fs and Q289H, among which 1 patient had 2 NPM1 mutations; the different mutation sites had no effect on the prognosis of NPM1AML. The median value of NPM1 variant allele frequency (VAF) was 35.4% (1.8%-56.6%). Based on the uppermost quartile of 38.4%, the patients were classified as NPM1 VAF>38.4% (NPM1AML) and NPM1 VAF≤38.4% (NPM1AML). Compared with NPM1AML, the early mortality rate was statistically significantly higher (33.3% vs 7.3%, P38.4% was an independent prognostic factor for EFS (HR=3.1, 95% CI 1.6-6.4, P<0.01) and OS (HR=3.0, 95% CI 1.4-6.2, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The NPM1 gene mutation in AML patients often is accompanied by other gene mutations, while the coexistence of fusion genes is rare; high NPM1 mutant allele burden is an independent prognostic factor for adult AML patients with mutated NPM1.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Prognosis , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278725

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of long-chain non-coding RNA RP11-87C12.5 in acute lymphocytic leukemia and its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>LncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression was detected by RT-PCR in bone marrow samples from 17 control group, 33 newly diagnosed ALL patients and 26 complete remission ALL patients after chemotherapy, at the same time the clinical data were collected and the clinical significance of IncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with control group, lncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression increased in newly diagnosed ALL group (P=0.021); compared with newly diagnosed ALL group, IncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression decreased in complete remission ALL group (P=0.039). lncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression in newly diagnosed ALL group did not relate with sex, age, T or B type, WBC count, Hb level, Plt count, LDH level, bone marrow blast ratio, BCR/ABL fusion gene expression, chomosome karyotypes, WT1 gene, extrameanllary infiltration or no,complete remission or no after one chemotherapy and relapse or no. In 27 cases of ALL, IncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression significantly increased in cCD79a low expression group, compared with cCD79a high expression group (P=0.004). IncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression did not relate with other CD molecules of immunoclassification.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of LncRNA RP11-87C12.5 is high in newly diagnosed ALL group and low in complete remission ALL group. In B-ALL, the expression of IncRNA RP11-87C12.5 significantly enhances in cCD79a low expression group. In newly diagnosed ALL group, compared with low expression group, lncRNA RP11-87C12.5 high expression group have higer remission rate and relapse rate, but the difference was not statistically significant.</p>

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698554

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recurrence of acute leukemia after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is one of the major problems affecting the long-term survival of patients. Early intervention to prevent ALL recurrence after transplantation can improve disease-free survival, overall survival and reduce post-transplant mortality. Monitoring of minimal residual disease (MRD) by flow cytometry and PCR-based molecular biology techniques is a widely reliable and practicable method. OBJECTIVE: To dynamically monitor the MRD level of acute lymphoblastic leukemia after peripheral blood haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and to explore its implications for predicting early relapse. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 53 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who had underwgone peripheral blood haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2011 to June 2017. The patients were followed up for postoperative 1, 3, 6, 12 months to observe the relation between MRD levels and relapse after transplantation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The disease-free survival rate of MRD positive group and MRD negative group were 20.0% and 65.8%, respectively; and the overall survival rates were 50.8% and 68.9% in the two groups, respectively. There were significant differences between two groups. (2) Among 16 MRD positive patients accepting clinical intervention after transplantation, 4 patients presented with MRD negative and had no recurrence. (3) Eleven hematologic recurrence patients were given tyrosine kinase inhibitor-targeted therapy, chemotherapy, donor lymphocytes Infusion and secondary transplantation, but they eventually died. The median time from the discovery of MRD positive to hematologic recurrence was 100 (7-190) days, and during this period. Clinical intervention was confirmed to extend the recurrence time. In this study, one case refused clinical intervention, and eventually died of recurrence. Our findings indicate that dynamic monitoring of the MRD level in acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients after peripheral blood haploidentical transplantation can predict recurrence, by which the patients can be given early intervention to reduce the risk of recurrence and improve disease-free survival and overall survival.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698435

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In recent years, genetic haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation has been gradually improved, and haploid allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has become an important treatment choice for malignant hematopoietic disease. OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of genetic haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for myelodysplastic syndrome. METHODS: The clinical data of 21 myelodysplastic syndrome cases undergoing genetic haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Modified BU/CY+ATG administration was performed as a pretreatment strategy for haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, and the combined use of cyclosporine A+mycophenolate mofetil+short-range methotrexate±basiliximab was adopted to prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The 21 cases were followed for an median of 333 days (22-1 222 days), with 76% (16/21) infection of granulocyte lack period, 100% (21/21) neutrophil reconstruction, the median implantation time of 12 days (7-17 days), 81% (17/21) platelet engraftment, and the median implantation time of 14 days (7-68 days). (2) The accumulative incidence of GVHD was 52.4% (11/21), including 29% (6/21) of acute GVHD and 24% (5/21) of chronic GVHD. The incidence of hemorrhagic cystitis was 38.1% (8/21). The recurrence rate after transplantation was 4.8% (1/21). (3) The 2-year non-relapse mortality was 48% (10/21), and the 2-year disease-free survival rate was 46.8%. These results show that in the absence of HLA-identical related donors and unrelated donor, genetic haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation is a safe, effective, feasible and alternative treatment option for myelodysplastic syndrome.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689542

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of long non coding RNA RP11-69I8.3 in acute leukemia and its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 expression was detected by RT-PCR in bone marrow samples from 17 healthy controls, 32 newly diagnosed AML patients and 32 newly diagnosed ALL patients, and 25 ALL patients of complete remission after chemotherapy. Meanwhile, the clinical data were collected and the relation of lncRNA RP11-6918.3 expression with the clinical characteristics was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, there was no significant difference in the expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 in AML group(P>0.05). lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 lowly expressed in untreated ALL group(P=0.001). Compared with the de novo ALL group, lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 was highly expressed in complete remission ALL group (P<0.013). In 32 de novo ALL patients,the expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 in children was significantly lower than that in adult(P=0.017). There was no correlation of the expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 with the sex, WBC count, HB level, Plt count, LDH level, T or B type, ratio of bone marrow blast cell, BCR/ABL and WT1 fusion gene expression, chromosome karyotype, extramedullary infiltration, whether complete remission after one chemotherapy, whether relapse. In 26 B-ALL patients, there was no correlation between lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 and the immunophenotype.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 in the untreated AML is not significantly different from the control group. lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 is low expressed in ALL group, highly expressed in ALL group with complete remission. In untreated ALL, the expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 in children is significantly lower than that in adult. In B-ALL patients, the lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 is not relevant with the immunophenotype.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Humans , Leukemia , RNA, Long Noncoding
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311598

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the differences of CD146 expression in adult and children's acute B cell lymphoblastic leukemia(B-ALL), and its relation with clinical features, molecular biological and cytogenctic claracteristics.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of CD146 in bone marrow samples from adult and children's B-ALL patients were detected by flow cytometry (FCM) and the relation of CD146 abnormal high expression with the patients' clinical features, molecular biological and cytogenetical characteristics, as well as other antigens were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The abnormal high expression rates of CD146 in adult and children's B-ALL patients were 29.17% and 9.09% respectively, showing that the expression rate of CD146 in adult patients was higher than that in children's patients(P<0.05). In adult B-ALL, CD146 was positively related with CD64 and CD117, while in children's B-ALL CD146 was positively related with CD71 and CD58 (P<0.05). After 1 course of standardized chemotherapy, the complete remission rates in adult and children's B-ALL patients with abnormal high expression of CD146 both were low as compared with adult and children's B-ALL without abnormal high expression of CD146 (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression rate of CD146 in adult B-ALL is higher than that in children's B-ALL. The CD146 positively relates with poor prognostic antigens, the CD146 may be one poor prognosis marker.</p>

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311535

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the kinase mutation ratio, related factors, effectiveness and safety of the second generation drugs for imatinib-resistant patients with chronic myeloid leukemia(CML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>COX proportional hazard regression model was used for unvariate and multvariate analysis of various factors affecting the kinase mutation and for evaluating the effectiveness and safety of second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor(TKI).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>13 kinds of mutation were detected in 19 out of 42 cases for 22 times, including 4 times of F359V, 3 times of E255K, 2 time for F359C, F317L, T315I, Y253H, 1 time for D256R, C250R, D276G, F486S, M244V, Y256H and G250E, 3 cases with mixed mutations. The main adverse effects of patients receiving nilotinib were skin rash and fluid retention, while that for patients receiving dasatinib were eyelid edema and elevated bilirubin.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The WBC count, spleen enlargement degree, chromosome karyotypes, disease staging, drug used before treatment and time of acheiving CCyR are the related factors of the kinase mutations, but the patients receiving the second generation TKI can survive well.</p>

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246860

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the expression of C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5) on T cells between bone marrow grafts (G-BM) and peripheral blood grafts (G-PB) nobilized by recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF), and to analyze the correlation of CCR5+ T lymphocyte expression in the grafts with the occurrence of acute GVHD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-six healthy donor and their recipient pairs of related allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were enrolled in this study. All the recipients were received the infusion of G-BM and G-PB. The relative proportion and quantity of CCR5+ T cell subset in G-BM and G-PB were detected and compared. Then the correlation of the quantity of infused CCR5+ T cells with the occurrence of acute GVHD was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After mobilization, the proportions of CD4+ CCR5+ and CD8+ CCR5+ T cells occupying T cells in G-PB were both lower than those in G-BM. However, the absolute counts in G-PB were 15-25 times more than those in the bone marrow. And the absolute counts could not predict the occurrence of acute GVHD after transplantation (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The difference of CCR5+ subsets between G-PB and G-BM may partially explain that grafts from different sources have different immunologic characteristics. Besides, the quantity of CCR5+ T cells in the grafts are not related with the occurrence of acute GVHD. However, the relative proportion of CCR5+ T cell subset in the grafts may be predictive of acute GVHD.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Metabolism , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Pathology , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Pharmacology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Receptors, CCR5 , Metabolism , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Metabolism , Tissue Donors
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1312-1318, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246769

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of N-cadherin in bone marrow leukemic cells derived from acute leukemia patients and its clinical significances.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 113 patients with acute leukemia were enrolled in this study. Flow cytometry was employed to detect the expression of N-Cadherin in bone marrow leukemic cells from acute leukemia patients and the relationships between the N-cadherin expression and the clinical characteristics of patients with acute leukemia were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of N-Cadherin in bone marrow leukemic cells deriveted from patients with acute leukemia was variable with 0%-99.7%. For adult AML patients, the positive rate of CD34 in N-cadheringroup was significantly higher than that in N-cadheringroup(67.39% vs 33.33%)(P=0.013), while the differences of total CR rate and rate of CR after 1 cycle of induction treatment were not significant between these 2 groups(P>0.05). As to ALL patients, N-cadheringroup had significant lower WBC count (21.31±7.07 vs 51.10±23.69)(P=0.008) and lower percentage of peripheral blood blast (43.22±5.75% vs 66.45±5.65%)(P=0.015). The CR rate after 1 cycle of induction treatment and rate of overall CR were lower and the relapse rate was higher in N-cadherinALL group than those in N-cadherinALL group, but the differences were not significant (P>0.05). For childhood ALL, the positive rate of CD33 in N-cadheringroup was significantly higher than that in N-cadheringroup(47.62% vs 0%)(P=0.012). The relapse rate was higher in N-cadheringroup than that in N-cadheringroup (30.00% vs 0%)(P=0.115). The median survival time, 3-year overall OS rate and 3-year relapse-free survival rate in N-cadheringroups of adult AML, non-M3 AML, ALL and chidhood ALL paients were superior to N-cadheringroups, but the differences were not significant.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of N-cadherin in bone marrow leukemic cells relates to some clinical features of patients with acute leukemia and to some extent has inferior effect on survival of patients with acute leukemia.</p>

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360094

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the expression of CC-chemokine Receptor 7 (CCR7) in adult acute leukemia patients, and to analyze the relationship of CCR7 expression with the clinical characteristics of patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of CCR7 in bone marrow samples from adult acute leukemia patients were detected by flow cytometry (FCM), the relationship of CCR7 expression with the clinical characteristics of patients such as sex, age, WBC count, blast cell ratio, CD56 expression, molecular biology, cell genetics, risk stratification, extramedullary infiltration was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression rate of CCR7 in adult ALL and AML patients was 36.8% and 9.6%, respectively, and the expression level of CCR7 in ALL patients was higher than that in AML patients (P < 0.05). The extramedullary infiltration rate was 100% and 41.7 % for CCR7 positive and negative groups of ALL, respectively (P < 0.05). While the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) in extramedullary infiltration group of ALL was higher than that in none-extramedullary infiltration group of ALL (50.00 ± 10.42 vs 18.14 ± 1.39), respectively (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CCR7 is higher expressed in adult acute leukemia cells, moreover its expression rate in ALL is higher than that in AML, and the expression of CCR7 is related with extramedullary infiltration in ALL.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Marrow , Metabolism , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Metabolism , Leukocyte Count , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptors, CCR7 , Genetics , Metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360090

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the CD25 expression in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 168 newly diagnosed AML patients (except APL) were collected. The expression of CD25 in AML patients and its clinical characteristics were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The leukemia cells of 29 out of 168 cases (17.26%) expressed CD25 antigen. Most of CD25 positive AML patients were occurred in patients with unfavourable or normal karyotype, higher WBC and Plt count at diagnosis and higher percentage of blasts in peripheral blood and bone marrow. Compared with CD25(-) AML patients, CD25(+) AML patients had lower CR rate (the CR rate of 1 course of treatment were 49.02% and 16.00%, respectively, P < 0.05, the CR rate of 2 courses of treatment were 74.60% and 46.67%, respectively, P < 0.05), and the OS time of CD25(+) AML patients were obviously shorter (P < 0.05). The OS in CD25(+) AML patients with unfavorable karyotype were not significantly different from that in patients with intermediate karyotype (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The CD25(+) AML patients have some typical clinical features, and the expression of CD25 in AML is an risk factor independent of the chromosome karyotype in terms of low complete remission rate and short survival time.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Humans , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit , Genetics , Metabolism , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Metabolism , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360064

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical characteristics of multiple myeloma (MM) combined with renal amyloidosis and its curative efficacy and prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 22 cases of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma combined with renal amyloidosis treated in our hospital from November 2011 to July 2015 were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>According to Intenational Staging System (ISS), among above-menthioned 22 patients the ISS II accounted for 77.2% (17/22), ISS III accounted for 22.8% (5/22). The patients with renal impairment accounted for 36.4% (8/22), with anemia 40.9% (9/22), with serum album < 35 g/L 86.4% (19/22), with urinary protein positive 100% (22/22). The evaluation of the curative efficacy of the 22 cases was as follows: CR 13.6% (3/22); VGPR 4.5% (1/22); PR 22.8% (5/22); SD 45.5% (10/22); PD 13.6% (3/22). Out of 9 patients with effective treatment, 3 cases (3/9, 33.3%) achieved "improved" in renal amyloidosis, 4 cases (4/9, 44.5%) achieved stable in renal amyloidosis, 2 cases (2/9, 2%) achieved "worsened" in renal amyloidosis. Among 17 cases who were followed up, 7 cases died, 10 cases survived, the average duration of follow-up for these cases was 11 (1-37) months, the median overall survival (OS) time was 19 (95% CI 9.2-28.8) months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MM with renal amyloidosis is rare, refractory and has a poor prognosis. Whether there is impairment of kidney function or not, renal amyloidosis shall be taken into consideration if the MM patients got massive proteinuria especially nephritic syndrome. Bortezomib may improve the curative efficacy.</p>


Subject(s)
Amyloidosis , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Bortezomib , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Multiple Myeloma , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Proteinuria , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360061

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical features of multiple myeloma with different renal pathology, and to evaluate its prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical features and prognosis of 46 multiple myeloma patients with different renal pathology were analyzed retrospectively. According to renal pathology, the 46 patients were divided into 3 groups: cast nephropathy (24 cases), amyloidosis (15 cases) and other type (7 cases).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>By durie-Salmon staging system, 70.8% cases (17/24) in the cast nephropathy group were in Phase III, 90.9% (20/24) were in subtype B, while in amyloidosis group 53.3% (8/15) were in Phase I, 40% (6/15) were in subtype B, and in other types group, 71.4% (5/7) were in phase III, 57.1% (4/7) were in subtype B, the differences among them were statisticaily significant (P < 0.05). In cast nephropathy group, the monoclonal immunoglobulin could not be detected in 75% (18/24) cases, which was light chain type, while immunoglobulin in amyloidosis and other type groups were mainly IgG type in 73.3% (11/15) and 71.4% (5/7) respectively, the difference among them also was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The median survival time of patients in cast nephropathy group was 11 months, while that in amyloidosis and other type groups was 19 and 18 months, the differences among 3 groups were not significant (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In renal pathologic types, the cast nephropathy is the most common, followed by amylordosis. The multiple mycloma patients with defferent renal pathology show different clinical features. The multiple myeloma patients with renal amyloidosis have slighter clinical manifestations possibly with a better prognosis. Meanwhile, the non-amyloidosis types, especially cast nephropathy may predict a more serious manifications with poor prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Amyloidosis , Diagnosis , Pathology , Humans , Kidney , Pathology , Kidney Diseases , Diagnosis , Pathology , Multiple Myeloma , Diagnosis , Pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360053

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) for treatment of patients with newly diagnosed immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 96 patients with newly diagnosed ITP from August 2013 to August 2015 were analyzed retrospectively, 96 patients were divided into the rhTPO group (46 cases) and the control group (50 cases). Patients in the rhTPO group received subcutaneous injection of rhTPO at a dose of 300 U/(kg·d) for a maximum of 14 days, and control group was treated with glucocorticoid (standard dose) for 28 days. Then the efficacy and adverse reactions between the 2 groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the patients in rhTPO group achieved higher complete response (CR) rate (56.5% vs 34.0%) (P = 0.03), shorter median time when platelet counts reached 100 × 10(9)/L[10 (5-14) d vs 14 (6-26) d, P < 0.01] and less adverse reactions (4.4% vs 82.0%) (P < 0.01). After the withdrawal of rhTPO, platelet counts gradually decreased. Sex, age and the presence of HP infection had no influence on efficacy of rhTPO (P > 0.10), but when Plt count was too low (≤10 × 10(9)/L), the proportion of patients obtaining CR showed an decreased tendency, as compared with those with Plt>10 × 10(9)/L (38.9% vs 67.9%) (P = 0.06).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>rhTPO has satisfactory therapeutic effect and enough safety for patients with newly diagnosed ITP, however, its long-term efficacy should be furtherly improved.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Glucocorticoids , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Drug Therapy , Recombinant Proteins , Therapeutic Uses , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Thrombopoietin , Therapeutic Uses
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1044-1048, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274096

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of N-Cadherin in the patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and to explore its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 64 patients with multiple myeloma were enrolled in this study. The expression of N-Cadherin in bone marrow CD38⁺/CD138⁺ cells from multiple myeloma patients was detected by flow cytometry. The relationship between N-Cadherin expression and clinical prognostic factors was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 64 cases of MM, the expression of N-Cadherin in 17 patients (26.56%) was high (> 20%), while that in 47 cases (73.44%) was low (< 20%); The differences of N-Cadherin expression in disease staging and classification, known prognostic factors, myeloma cell antigen expression and bone damage between patients with high and low N-Cadherin expression were not statistically different; the difference N-Cadherin expression in genetic abnormalities such as D13S319 deletion, RB1 deletion and IGH gene rearrangement between above-methioned two groups was not significant. The 1q21 amplification rate in the group with high expression of N-Cadherin was enhanced significently; the overall survival (OS) times of patients with abnormally high and low expression levels of N-Cadherin were 26.7 months and 55.5 months respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The high expression of N-Cadherin in multiple myeloma may be one of the indicator for poor prognosis of MM, which may be related with 1q21 amplification.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Bone and Bones , Cadherins , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357244

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the expression of PD-L1 in acute leukemia patients, and to analyze the relationship of PD-L1 expression with the patients' clinical characteristics and prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of PD-L1 in leukemia cells of 75 patients including 59 de novo patients and 16 relapse/refractory patients with acute leukemia was detected by the flow cytometry, the clinical information was collected, and the therapeutic efficacy of de novo patients was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The PD-L1 was expressed in human acute leukemia cells with total expression rate 32% (24/75), and its expression level in AML-M5 was higher than that in other leukemias [56.3% (9/16) vs 25.4% (15/59)], there was statistical significance (P = 0.019). The PD-L1 possitive rate in relapse/refractory group was higher than that in de novo patient group [(56.3% (9/16) vs 25.4% (15/59)], and there was statistical significance (P = 0.019). In 59 de novo patients, the CR rate of PD-L1 positive group after 1 course of chemotherapy was lower than that in PD-L1 negative group (66.7% vs 71.4%), the CR rate of PD-L1 positive group after 2 courses of chemotherapy was also lower than that in PD-L1 negative group (70% vs 88.6%). The relapse rate and the proportion of refractory patients in PD-L1 possitive group were higher than those in PD-L1 negative group. The expression of PD-L1 did not correlated with the clinical parameters, such as sex, age, extramedullary infiltration, percentage of blast cells in bone marrow, counts of WBC, RBC and platelet, as well as molecular biological features and cytogenetical characteristics.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PD-L1 is expressed in human acute leukemia cells, and may be involved in the immune escape and primary resistant mechanisms, PD-L1 may be used as an indicator for evaluation of the the patients' prognosis and reocurrence.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , B7-H1 Antigen , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia , Prognosis , Recurrence
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1282-1285, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340513

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the clinical efficacy and toxicity of idarubicin (IA regimen) and daunoru-bicin combined with cytarabine (DA regimen) for treating aged patients with AML as induction chemotherapy. The clinical data of 60 newly diagnosed AML aged patients treated with IA or DA regimen were analyzed retrospectively. IA regimen group included 22 patients (8 male and 14 females with median age of 66 yrs), while the DA regimen group included 38 patients (20 males and 18 females with median age of 64 yrs). The complete remission rate, total effective rate and adverse effects after one chemotherapy course were compared. The results showed that the CR rate in IA regimen group was 63.63%, which was significantly higer than that in DA regimen group (31.58%) (P < 0.05). The total effective rate was 63.63% and 36.84% respectively in IA and DA regimen groups, there was significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05). Both the hematological and non-hematological adverse effects were observed and no difference was found in the two regimen groups, neither in myelosupression (P > 0.05), the major hematological adverse effects, nor in non-hematological adverse effects (P > 0.05). It is concluded that for aged AML patients, IA regimen can achieve a higher CR rate and higher total effective rate than that in DA regimen without increase of adverse effects after one induction chemotherapy course.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Cytarabine , Female , Humans , Idarubicin , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349705

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was retrospectively to analyze the peripheral blood lymphocyte subset distribution in patients with low or intermediate risk myelodysplastic syndromes (IPSS ≤ 1.0) and chronic aplastic anemia (CAA), and their hematological changes of peripheral blood after treatment, so as to understand differences and their relation with early treatment response. The lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood of 67 patient with low or intermediate risk MDS (IPSS ≤ 1.0), 54 patients with CAA and 73 healthy individuals were analyzed by flow cytometry. The results showed that Th cells, Th/Ts ratio in peripheral blood of low or intermediate risk MDS were 42.94% ± 10.80% and 1.80% ± 0.99% respectively, and were significantly higher than those in control group; the CD16(+) CD56(+) cell ratio was 11.22% ± 7.97%, and was significantly lower than that in control group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); Ts cells and CD19(+) cell ratio in peripheral blood of CAA patients were 30.87% ± 9.11% and 16.98% ± 7.40% respectively, and were significantly higher than those in control group; CD16(+) CD56(+) cell ratio was 9.81% ± 7.00%, and was significantly lower than that in normal control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); while the Th cells and Th/Ts ratio in low or intermediate risk MDS group were significantly higher than those in CAA group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). After treatment for 6 mouths, the HI-E and HI-N rates in CD19(+) cell normal group of low or intermediate risk MDS patients were 18.2% (4/22) and 13.6% (3/22), and were significantly lower than that in the increased group and decreased group. In Ts cell increased group HI-N rate was 15.4% (2/13), and was significantly lower than that in normal group and decreased group. In Th/Ts ratio decreased group HI-N rate was 14.3% (2/14), and was significantly lower than that in the increase group and normal group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). After treatment of CAA for 6 months, the effective rate for CD3(+) cells, Th cells, Th/Ts ratio in decreased group was 71.4% (5/7), 56.3% (9/16), 50.0% (10/20), and were significantly higher than those in increased and normal group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). It is concluded that the peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets of low or intermediate risk MDS(IPSS score ≤ 1.0) and CAA are abnormal, and these lymphocyte subsets are related with hematologic changes after early response to treatment.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Anemia, Aplastic , Blood , Therapeutics , Case-Control Studies , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocyte Subsets , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Blood , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
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