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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 208-216, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878249

ABSTRACT

The transcription factor X-box binding protein-1 (XBP1) plays a key role in unfolded protein reaction. This study was aimed to investigate the expression pattern and regulation of XBP1 in the mouse uterus during early pregnancy. The methods of immunohistochemistry (IHC) and real time quantitative RT-PCR were used to test XBP1 expression in early pregnancy, artificial decidualization, oestrous cycle and hormone-regulated mouse models. The results showed that XBP1 was spatiotemporally expressed in mouse uterus during early pregnancy. The XBP1 protein was mainly detected in the luminal and glandular epithelia on days 1-4 of pregnancy, and was strongly detected in the decidual area on days 5-8 of pregnancy. Similarly, XBP1 expression was also mainly expressed in decidual cells following artificial decidualization. During the oestrous cycle, Xbp1, Xbp1u, and Xbp1s mRNA was predominantly present in proestrus. In the ovariectomized uterus, the expression of XBP1 in luminal and glandular epithelia was up-regulated after estrogen treatment. These results suggest that XBP1 is associated with embryo implantation and decidualization during early pregnancy in mice, and the expression of XBP1 in luminal and glandular epithelia may be regulated by estrogen.


Subject(s)
Animals , Decidua , Embryo Implantation , Estrogens , Female , Mice , Pregnancy , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Uterus
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879850

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of different melatonin treatment regimens on long-term behavior and white matter damage in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD), and to seek an optimal melatonin treatment regimen.@*METHODS@#Healthy Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7 days, were randomly divided into four groups: sham-operation, HIBD, single-dose immediate treatment (SDIT), and 7-day continuous treatment (7DCT), with 8 rats in each group. A neonatal rat model of HIBD was prepared according to the classical Rice-Vannucci method. On day 21 after HIBD, the Morris water maze test was used to evaluate spatial learning and memory abilities. On day 70 after HIBD, immunofluorescence assay was used to measure the expression of neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN) in the cerebral cortex and the hippocampal CA1 region of neonatal rats, and double-label immunofluorescence was used to measure the expression of myelin basic protein (MBP) and neurofilament 200 (NF200) in the corpus striatum and the corpus callosum.@*RESULTS@#The results of the Morris water maze test showed that the SDIT and 7DCT groups had a significantly shorter mean escape latency than the HIBD group, and the 7DCT group had a significantly shorter mean escape latency than the SDIT group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both SDIT and 7DCT can improve long-term behavior and reduce white matter damage in neonatal rats with HIBD, and 7DCT is more effective than SDIT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/drug therapy , Melatonin/pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , White Matter
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879088

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease(AD) is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disease with recent memory impairment as the main clinical manifestation and senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles as the main pathological changes. In recent years, the effect of microRNAs on AD has attracted widespread attention. Patients with AD have abnormal expression of miRNA, which is closed related to regulation of AD pathophysiology-related genes. Therefore, this paper first elaborated neuroprotective and toxic effects of microRNA in AD, and then explored relevant traditional Chinese medicines that can regulate miRNA in the treatment of AD, so as to provide basis for revealing the pathogenesis relationship between miRNA and AD and provide ideas for further development of anti-AD traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neurodegenerative Diseases
4.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1838-1842, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663143

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the roles of PD-1 and PD-L1,as well as related cytokines TGF-βand IL-10 in patients infected with Brucella.Methods:The expression of PD-1/PD-L1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cell CD 3+T cells,CD4+T cells,CD8+T cells,and dendrites cells was detected by flow cytometry in 60 patients infected with Brucella and 34 patients receiving follow-up cured and 60 healthy controls,the serum levels of TGF-βand IL-10 were detected by CBA.The correlations of PD-1 with TGF-βand IL-10 levels in patients infected with Brucella were analyzed by pearson correlation test .Results: Compared with control,brucellosis patients had the higher PD-1/PD-L1,TGF-βand IL-10 expression (P<0.05),while in the patients receiving follow-up cured,the PD-1/PD-L1,TGF-βand IL-10 were remarkably lower than those in pretherapy (P<0.01),the change of PD-1 was positively correlated with the levels of TGF-β(r=0.817,P<0.01) and IL-10 (r=0.835,P<0.01).Conclusion: High expression of PD-1/PD-L1 and TGF-βand IL-10 in patients with Brucella may be involved in the negative regulation of Brucella on host immune response .

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 620-624, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779638

ABSTRACT

A rapid fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) has been developed for the determi-nation of aflatoxins in samples of naturally-contaminated herbal teas. The tracers were synthesized by chemical method and determined by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and mass spectroscopy (MS). Fluorescence polarization was evaluated by the detection of polarized light. The results showed that the limit of detection (LOD) of FPIA for aflatoxins was 20 ng·mL-1, the IC50 was 371.80 ng·mL-1, and the linear range of the developed FPIA was 92.76-252.32 ng·mL-1. Compared with conventional HPLC methods, the FPIA developed in this study has the advantages of short analysis time and low cost. This method may be suitable for high- throughput screening of aflatoxins in herbal teas.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231586

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the mechanism of Wenfei Huayin Recipe (WHR) in treating chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The COPD model was induced by modified fumigating method and intra-tracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide. Then reformed COPD model of cold-phlegm retention in Fei syndrome type. All the model rats were randomly divided into two groups, the model group and the treated group, treated respectively with WHR and saline for 14 successive days. Besides, a blank group without any intervention was set up for control. The general condition, weight growth rate, pathological changes of lung tissue under light microscope, ultrastructure under electron microscope, arterial blood gas analysis and levels of interleukin 4 (IL-4), interleukin 8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) in lung homogenate by radio-immunity assay were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the treated group, as compared with the control group, the symptoms of aversion to cold, swarming, wheezing, the degree of epithelial cell degeneration and necrosis, the inflammatory cell infiltration and the volume of cilia lodging, sloughing, and bullae of lung were lessened and weight growth rate was higher (P<0.01). Moreover, the treated group was superior to the control group in decreasing levels of PaCO2, IL-4, IL-8, TNF-alpha and increasing PaO2, IFN-gamma and IFN-gamma/IL-4 ratio (P<0.01 or P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>WHR can correct the Th1/Th2 imbalance and inhibit the inflammatory reaction, displaying an important role in improving the airway function and structure in COPD rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Interferon-gamma , Metabolism , Interleukin-4 , Metabolism , Interleukin-8 , Metabolism , Lung , Metabolism , Male , Phytotherapy , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257990

ABSTRACT

Professor He Pu-ren, the founder of Santong method of acupuncture and moxibustion, is a well known acupuncturist at home and abroad. His main contributions include combined martial arts and Chinese medicine, showing obvious therapeutic effect; taking part in establishment of The Department of Acupuncture, Beijing Chinese Medicine Hospital; creating Santong method of acupuncture and moxibustion; advocating fire needle therapy; writing medical books and teaching students; advocating the culture of acupuncture; making the metal model of acupuncture and moxibustion, and others. His achievements have become an important part of acupuncture and moxibustion science.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , History , Methods , China , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Humans , Moxibustion , History , Methods
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234752

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment according to syndrome differentiation in treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by observing the changes of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS) expression levels in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>COPD model was established by modified method of combining fumigation and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) intra-tracheal dripping. Model rats were treated respectively for succesive 14 days according to their syndrome, that is, Xiaoqinglong Decoction to the rats of cold-phlegm accumulation in Fei, Maxing Shigan Decoction to those of heat-phlegm accumulation in Fei, Yupingfeng Decoction to those of Fei-qi deficiency, Liujunzi Decoction to those of Pi-qi deficiency, Renshen Gejie Decoction to those of Shen qi-deficiency. Besides, model rats in the model control group received 2mL normal saline daily, and no intervention was applied in the normal control group. The expression of gamma-GCS and NF-kappaB was detected by immunochemistry before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with that in the normal rats, the expressions of gamma-GCS and NF-kappaB in bronchial and alveolar epithelium of COPD rats before treatment were significantly higher, but the positive expression rates were lowered after treatment significantly (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TCM treatment according to syndrome differentiation could rectify imbalance of oxidation/anti-oxidation and alleviate inflammatory reaction in COPD rats, thus to treat COPD effectively.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Diagnosis, Differential , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Glutamate-Cysteine Ligase , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , NF-kappa B , Phytotherapy , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Syndrome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the changes of bone element contents in osteoporosis and their interrelationship. METHODS: Twelve female SD rats,10-month-old, were bilaterally ovariectomized (OVX group) and another ten rats were received sham-operation under anesthesia (SHAM group).The element contents in tibia, including Ca, P, Mg, Zn, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo and Cr, were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometer 7 month later. The data of contents of all elements were analyzed by simple regression. RESULTS: Compared with the SHAM group rats, the contents of Ca, P and Mg were decreased by 6.6 %(P<0.05), 6.3 %(P<0.05) and 14.9 %(P<0.01) respectively. The contents of Zn and Fe were reduced by 15.2 %(P<0.01) and 35.1 %(P<0.01) separately, Mo and Cr were decreased by 12.2 %(P>0.05) and 14.0 %(P>0.05), while the contents of Mn, Cu and Co were shown no change. There was a significant correlation among the contents of Mg, Mn, Zn, Ca and P. CONCLUSION: The contents of Ca, P, Mg, Zn and Fe were matkedly reduced in bone of osteoporotic rats induced by ovariectomy.

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