Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 7 de 7
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 227-235, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940607

ABSTRACT

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) model, as a carrier of BPH, is vital for exploring the pathogenesis of the disease and evaluating the efficacy of corresponding drugs. This paper reviewed the in vivo and in vitro models of BPH, the modeling principles and methods, and evaluation indicators, and analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of different types of models. At present, the BPH model is getting closer to the clinical characteristics of human BPH, providing powerful support for the evaluation of drug efficacy. Furthermore, the model has been developed towards cytology to allow further research on the pathogenesis of BPH. The relevant testing indicators reflect the core pathological changes of BPH from different levels, providing a guarantee for further exploring the pathogenesis of BPH and the development of prevention and control drugs. However, no model can fully simulate the natural development process of human BPH, and each model and evaluation criterion has its unique advantages and limitations. In terms of model evaluation, most BPH models are assessed based on benign prostate enlargement (BPE), and there is still a lack of reliable models to simulate BPH progression and combine with bladder dysfunction. In terms of indicator evaluation, symptom-reflected behavioral indicators are absent in the replication of BPH models in animals. The study of the BPH model in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) only focuses on the replication and investigation of the "disease" model, rather than the "syndromes" and "signs", which cannot simulate the syndrome differentiation and treatment under the guidance of the TCM theory. In view of the above deficiencies, we should further improve the modeling method based on clinical characteristics, explore the multifactor composite models, especially those of disease-syndrome combination suitable for basic research of TCM, replicate the model closing to disease development, and optimize the evaluation indicators, which is of great theoretical and practical significance to develop drugs for effective prevention and control of BPH.

2.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 1089-1094, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692353

ABSTRACT

Dielectric barrier discharge ion source-mass spectrometry ( DBDI-MS) can achieve in-situ and efficient detection of samples without tedious pretreatment, and has become a popular analytical method. To improve the detection sensitivity, a novel mass spectrometric method based on gold nanoparticles ( AuNPs)-assisted paper-based injection mode and DBDI-MS technology was developed for the fast determination of four veterinary drugs. The detection signal strength was improved by 8-31 times compared to the veterinary drugs which were tested without AuNPs-assisted paper based injection. Under the optimal conditions, the experimental data of four veterinary drugs showed a good linear relationship between the signal and the concentration in the respective range, with correlation coefficient ( r ) of 0. 951-0. 996. Moreover, the recoveries were between 79. 4% and 96. 5% at three spiked levels. This method has many distinct advantages, such as low detected limitation, low cost and high efficiency, and is also very suitable for fast on-site detecting, showing great potential in feed quality control.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 403-408, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779606

ABSTRACT

Transglutaminase (TG) posttranslational modification of antibody permits more precisely conjugating. Based on the amino acid sequence of an anti-CD24 antibody (cG7), this article is aimed to generate a deglycosylated cG7 mutant (cG7Q). Firstly, we introduced additional glutamines at position 297 (N297Q) by site-directed mutagenesis, and then transfected the recombinant plasmids into CHO-s cells via electroporation method and screened by Dot blot assay. Subsequently, cG7Q was expressed and purified through Protein A affinity chromatography, further identified by SDS-PAGE electrophoresis and Western blot. Its affinity was detected with surface plasmon resonance and flow cytometry assay, and ADCC effect was determined by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release. Eventually, a cG7 mutant, cG7Q was successfully expressed with sequence-specific conjugation sites for further study.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 621-627, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49317

ABSTRACT

Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are newly developed but promising medicine for type 2 diabetes. However, patients with a different renal threshold for glucose excretion (RT(G)) may have a different reaction to this medicine. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics of RT(G) and its impact factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The clinical and laboratory data of 36 healthy individuals and 168 in-hospital patients with T2DM were collected and analyzed, RTG was calculated using blood glucose (BG) measured by dynamic BG monitoring, urinary glucose excretion (UGE) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The characteristics of RT(G) were investigated. The risk factors for high RT(G) were analyzed using non-conditional logistic regression analysis. Our results found that RT(G) of the T2DM group was higher than that of the healthy individuals (P < 0.05); and 22.22% from the healthy individuals group but 58.33% from the T2DM group had high RT(G). Age, duration of diabetes, body mass index (BMI), and homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) were independently associated with high RT(G) (P < 0.05). Further stratified analysis revealed that RT(G) in T2DM patients increased with age, duration of diabetes, and BMI. In conclusion, RT(G) is increased in patients with T2DM, especially in those with longer diabetic duration, higher BMI, and those who are older. Therefore, these patients may be more sensitive to SGLT-2 inhibitors.

5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 306-311, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274723

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the variation tendency of hypertension in two rural areas in Gansu, and provide epidemiological evidence to evaluate the hypertension of rural residents.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using equidistant random sampling method and cross-sectional sentinel monitoring, two remote natural villages, Yangzhuang and Xiangming, at Yellow river and Yangtze river valley were selected as hypertension monitoring site. From 1990 to 2012, clinical examination to the resident above 18 years old was carried out continuously for 23 years, 11 164 cases were included.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Hypertension prevalence of tested cases increased with years, Yangzhuang monitoring site increased from 6.9% (16/232) in 1990 to 36.7% (216/597) in 2012 with an increase of 29.8%, and Xiangming monitoring site increased from 3.4% (16/474) in 1995 to 20.6% (120/582) in 2011 with an increase of 17.2%. Total prevalence of Yangzhuang (24.1%, 1505/6240) was significantly higher than Xiangming (11.4%, 578/4924) (χ(2) = 277.9, P < 0.01). Total hypertension prevalence of 18 - 35 years old group was 9.9% (292/2944) in Yangzhuang and 4.2% (63/1495) in Xiangming, Yangzhuang was higher than Xiangming (χ(2) = 43.7, P < 0.01). Total hypertension prevalence of above 35 years old group was 36.8% (1213/3296) in Yangzhuang and 14.1% (515/3429) in Xiangming, Yangzhuang was higher than Xiangming (χ(2) = 417.7, P < 0.01). The growth rates of hypertension prevalence in 18 - 35 years old group of both areas (Yangzhuang: 823.5%, Xiangming: 614.3%) were higher than 35 years old group (Yangzhuang:310.5%, Xiangming: 368.0%), but the hypertension prevalence of above 35 years old group was higher than 18 - 35 years old group. Hypertension prevalence of male was 25.4% (761/2992) in Yangzhuang and 11.7% (238/2047) in Xiangming, Yangzhuang was higher than Xiangming (χ(2) = 145.8, P < 0.01), hypertension prevalence of female was 22.7% (738/3248) in Yangzhuang and 11.2% (340/2877)in Xiangming, Yangzhuang was higher than Xiangming (χ(2) = 125.1, P < 0.01). While the difference between male and female had no statistical significance in both areas.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Hypertension of the two monitoring points was in high epidemic trend, but with different epidemic trend. From different region and environment research to discuss the cause of hypertension can provide scientific evidence for prevention and control.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , China , Epidemiology , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Obesity , Epidemiology , Population Surveillance , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Rural Population
6.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12): 427-428, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735395

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish capillary zone electrophoresis method for determination of sildenafil citrate (Viagra) content in its troche. Methods: Using tetrandrine as internal standard(IS), the electrophoretic separation was achieved with 25 mmol/L borate (pH=7.89) running buffer. And a voltage of 14 kV was applied to the 40 cm×75 μm(i.d) capillary. The analytes were introduced into capillary by siphon (1 s) and determined with on-column monitoring at 214 nm. Results:The determination could be completed within 4 min and the minimum concentration of detection was 5 μg/ml.The analytical results of sildenafil citrate samples demonstrated a good linear relationship within the range of 24-480 μg/ml.The relative standard deviations (RSD) of intra-day was less than 1.58% and that of inter-day was less than 2.46%.The present recoveries were between 95%-105%. Conclusion:The CZE method is accurate, simple, rapid and reliable, so it can be applied to the determination of sildenafil citrate content.

7.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12): 427-428, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736863

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish capillary zone electrophoresis method for determination of sildenafil citrate (Viagra) content in its troche. Methods: Using tetrandrine as internal standard(IS), the electrophoretic separation was achieved with 25 mmol/L borate (pH=7.89) running buffer. And a voltage of 14 kV was applied to the 40 cm×75 μm(i.d) capillary. The analytes were introduced into capillary by siphon (1 s) and determined with on-column monitoring at 214 nm. Results:The determination could be completed within 4 min and the minimum concentration of detection was 5 μg/ml.The analytical results of sildenafil citrate samples demonstrated a good linear relationship within the range of 24-480 μg/ml.The relative standard deviations (RSD) of intra-day was less than 1.58% and that of inter-day was less than 2.46%.The present recoveries were between 95%-105%. Conclusion:The CZE method is accurate, simple, rapid and reliable, so it can be applied to the determination of sildenafil citrate content.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL