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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905061

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Shaofu Zhuyutang on nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) /antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling pathway in blood vessels by establishing the model of rats with cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome, and to explore the protective effect and mechanism of Shaofu Zhuyutang on vascular endothelial injury. Method:The 50 SPF rats were randomly divided into high dose group (4.8 g·kg-1), middle dose group (2.4 g·kg-1), low dose group (1.2 g·kg-1), model group and normal group (ten of each group). The rat model of cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome was established by subcutaneous injection of epinephrine hydrochloride combined with ice bath. At the same time of modeling, the drug was administered by gavage. After 28 days of continuous administration, the hemorheology indexes were detected by automatic hemorheology instrument. Levels of nitric oxide (NO), endothelin (ET)-1, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH-Px), intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(VCAM-1), von Willebrand factor (vWF) in serum were determined by ELISA. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the endothelial injury of vascular tissue of thoracic aorta. The protein expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 in vascular tissue of thoracic aorta was detected by Western blot. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR)was used to observe the expression of Nrf2 and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) mRNA in vascular tissue of thoracic aorta. Result:Compared with the blank group, model group rats whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity were significantly increased (P<0.05,P<0.01), vWF, ICAM 1, VCAM 1 content increased significantly (P<0.01), NO, SOD, gsh-px levels decreased significantly (P<0.01), significantly increased the content of ET-1(P<0.01), thoracic aorta vascular tissue Nrf2, HO-1 mRNA expression was significantly increased (P<0.01), Nrf2 protein expression in the cell nucleus increased significantly (P<0.05), The protein expression level of Nrf2 in cytoplasm was significantly decreased (P<0.05), while the protein expression level of HO-1 was significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the whole blood viscosity (high and middle cut), plasma viscosity, were significantly reduced in high and meduim-dose Shaofu Zhuyutang groups(P<0.05,P<0.01). The levels of vWF, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and ET-1 in serum were significantly reduced (P<0.05,P<0.01), NO, SOD and GSH-Px increased significantly (P<0.05,P<0.01). The pathological changes such as hyperplasia, swelling and shedding of endothelial cells of thoracic aorta, rupture of internal elastic membrane and disorder of smooth muscle arrangement were improved. The expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1 protein and gene were significantly increased in vascular tissue of thoracic aorta (P<0.01). Conclusion:Shaofu Zhuyutang has a protective effect on vascular endothelial injury in rats with cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome. The mechanism of action is related to the activation of Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway, which leading to the increased expression of antioxidant enzymes and decreased the expression of adhesion factors.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779416

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and hypertension in Henan rural residents, and to explore the association between vitamin D and risk of hypertension. Methods 2 013 Henan rural participants aged 18-80 years were recruited from a cross-sectional study. Logistic regression models and restricted cubic spline model were used to evaluate odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) and dose-response relationship between vitamin D and risk of hypertension. Results In total population, the prevalence of hypertension was 40.34% (30.64% after age-standard), and the mean serum 25-(OH)D was (24.50 ± 16.18) ng/ml, and 53.95% of all participants were presenting vitamin D deficiency. Compared with non-hypertension, a lower level of serum 25-(OH)D was observed in people with hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension was 45.21% in vitamin D deficient group which was higher than in the vitamin D sufficient group (31.07%). Compared with the vitamin D sufficient group, the risk of hypertension was increase in the vitamin D deficient group (OR=1.59, 95% CI: 1.21-2.10), and the risk of hypertension decreased by 14% for every 10 ng/ml increase in serum 25-(OH) D levels. Moreover, an L-shaped relationship was observed between 25-(OH)D concentration and risk of hypertension. Conclusion Vitamin D deficiency is associated with risk of hypertension and there is an L-shaped relationship between 25-(OH)D concentration and risk of hypertension.

3.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 536-540, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698060

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical data of patients with locally advanced cervical cancer(LACC)treated with preoperative radiotherapy plus chemotherapy combined with surgery. Methods Seventy patients with LACC(stage ⅠB2,ⅡA2 andⅡB)who were treated in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2016 were selected in this study.All the cases were randomly divided into two groups.The observation group(n=35)was treated with three-dimensional intracavitary brachytherapy plus chemotherapy combined with surgery, while the control group (n=35) was treated with radical radiotherapy.Patients of the two groups were followed up after the treatment.The recent and long term complications were recorded and observed in the two groups.Meanwhile,the survival curves were drawn by Kaplan-Meier,and the difference of total survival rate was compared with the Log-rank method between the two groups. Results The incidence of rectal reaction was less in the observation group than that in the control group(14.3% vs.37.1%,χ 2=4.786,P<0.05).There were no significant differences in bone marrow suppression,gastrointestinal reaction and bladder reaction between the two groups (P>0.05). The incidence rates of radioactive bladder injury (8.6% vs. 31.4%) and radionuclide injury (11.4% vs. 34.2%) were less in the observation group than those in the control group(χ2=5.714 and 5.185 respectively,P<0.05).The survival analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the total survival rate between the two groups of stageⅠB2+ⅡA2 and stageⅡB patients(Log rank χ2=0.081 and 0.376,P>0.05).Conclusion For patients with locally advanced cervical cancer, preoperative radiotherapy plus chemotherapy combined with surgery can reduce the incidence of related complications, meanwhile, there is no significant difference in the total survival rate and the mean survival time after the treatment of the two methods.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160702

ABSTRACT

The chemical property of cinnamaldehyde is unstable in vivo, although early experiments have shown its obvious therapeutic effects on viral myocarditis (VMC). To overcome this problem, we used cinnamaldehyde as a leading compound to synthesize derivatives. Five derivatives of cinnamaldehyde were synthesized: 4-methylcinnamaldehyde (1), 4-chlorocinnamaldehyde (2), 4-methoxycinnamaldehyde (3), α-bromo-4-methylcinnamaldehyde (4), and α-bromo-4-chlorocinnamaldehyde (5). Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes and HeLa cells infected by coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) were used to evaluate their antiviral and cytotoxic effects. In vivo BALB/c mice were infected with CVB3 for establishing VMC models. Among the derivatives, compound 4 and 5 inhibited the CVB3 in HeLa cells with the half-maximal inhibitory concentrations values of 11.38 ± 2.22 μM and 2.12 ± 0.37 μM, respectively. The 50% toxic concentrations of compound 4 and 5-treated cells were 39-fold and 87-fold higher than in the cinnamaldehyde group. Compound 4 and 5 effectively reduced the viral titers and cardiac pathological changes in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, compound 4 and 5 significantly inhibited the secretion, mRNA and protein expressions of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in CVB3-infected cardiomyocytes, indicating that brominated cinnamaldehyde not only improved the anti-vital activities for VMC, but also had potent anti-inflammatory effects in cardiomyocytes induced by CVB3.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , HeLa Cells , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Mice , Myocarditis , Myocytes, Cardiac , Rats , RNA, Messenger , Therapeutic Uses
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2294-2300, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307420

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols or fast-track (FT) programs enable a shorter hospital stay and lower complication rate. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is associated with a lesser trauma and a quicker recovery in many elective abdominal surgeries. However, little is known of the safety and effectiveness made by ERAS protocols combined with MIS for gastric cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness made by FT programs and MIS in combination or alone.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We summarized an 11-year experience on gastric cancer patients undergoing elective laparotomy or minimally invasive gastric resection in standard cares (SC) or FT programs during January 2004 to December 2014. A total of 984 patients were enrolled and assigned into four groups: open gastrectomies (OG) with SC (OG + SC group, n = 167); OG with FT programs (OG + FT group, n = 277); laparoscopic gastrectomies (LG) with FT programs (LG + FT group, n = 248); and robot-assisted gastrectomies (RG) with FT programs (RG + FT group, n = 292). Patients' data were collected to evaluate the clinical outcome. The primary end point was the length of postoperative hospital stay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The OG + SC group showed the longest postoperative hospital stay (mean: 12.3 days, median: 11 days, interquartile range [IQR]: 6-16 days), while OG + FT, LG + FT, and RG + FT groups recovered faster (mean: 7.4, 6.4, and 6.6 days, median: 6, 6, and 6 days, IQR: 3-9, 4-8, and 3-9 days, respectively, all P< 0.001). The postoperative rehabilitation parameters such as flatus time after surgery (4.7 ± 0.9, 3.1 ± 0.8, 3.0 ± 0.9, and 3.1 ± 0.9 days) followed the same manner. After 30 postoperative days' follow-up, the total incidence of complications was 9.6% in OG + SC group, 10.1% in OG + FT group, 8.1% in LG + FT group, and 10.3% in RG + FT group. The complications showed no significant differences between the four groups (all P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ERAS protocols alone could significantly bring fast recovery after surgery regardless of the surgical technique. MIS further reduces postoperative hospital stay. It is safe and effective to apply ERAS protocols combined with MIS for gastric cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Elective Surgical Procedures , Female , Gastrectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Care , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285298

ABSTRACT

Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling plays an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. CD109, a novel TGF-β co-receptor, which inhibits TGF-β signaling by enhancing Smad7-dependent degradation of TGF-β type I receptor (TGF-β RI), is abnormally expressed in psoriasis. To date, the expression of Smad7 and the correlation between CD109 and Smad7 expression in psoriasis have not been fully elucidated. This study was designed to investigate the expression and the correlation of CD109 and TGF-β signaling associated proteins in psoriasis and their roles in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Thirty-two psoriasis specimens were subjected to immunohistochemical staining for CD109, Smad7, TGF-β RI and Ki67. Ten normal skin (NS) specimens served as controls. The positive expression rate (% positive cells) of Smad7 and Ki67 in psoriasis was significantly higher than in NS (62.6%±19.9% vs. 17.2%±4.4%, and 50.7%±14.3% vs. 19.5%±3.2%, respectively, P<0.001), and the expression levels of CD109 and TGF-β RI were reduced significantly in psoriasis as compared with NS (8.1%±6.7% vs. 35.8%±6.7% and 27.3%±3.4% vs. 3.0%±3.4%, respectively, P<0.001). There were significantly negative correlations between CD109 and Smad7 (r=-0.831, P<0.01). These findings indicated that CD109 might play a certain role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Lower expression of CD109 and TGF-β RI was highly correlated with higher expression of Smad7 and Ki67, suggesting that CD109 may induce the pathogenesis of psoriasis through Smad7-mediated degradation of TGF-β RI, and lead to the termination of TGF-β signaling.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antigens, CD , Genetics , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Down-Regulation , Female , GPI-Linked Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Psoriasis , Metabolism , Pathology , Signal Transduction , Smad7 Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Metabolism , Up-Regulation
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285265

ABSTRACT

Lipooligosacharide (LOS) of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococci, GC) is involved in the interaction of GC with host cells. Deletion of the alpha-oligosaccharide (alpha-OS) moiety of LOS (lgtF mutant) significantly impairs invasion of GC into epithelial cell lines. GC opacity (Opa) proteins, such as OpaI, mediate phagocytosis and stimulate chemiluminescence responses in neutrophils in part through interaction with members of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) family, which includes CEACAM3 (CD66d), a human neutrophil specific receptor for phagocytosis of bacteria. In the present work, we examined the effects of OpaI-expressing lgtF mutant on phagocytosis by HeLa-CEACAM3 cells and chemiluminescence responses in neutrophils. The results showed that lgtF mutant even expressing OpaI completely lost the ability to promote either phagocytosis mediated by CEACAM3 interaction in HeLa cells or chemiluminescence responses in neutrophils. These data indicated that Opa proteins in the lgtF mutant, which might result from the conformational change, cannot be functional.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Bacterial , Chemistry , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Carbohydrate Sequence , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Gene Expression Regulation , HeLa Cells , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Humans , Lipopolysaccharides , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Luminescent Measurements , Mutation , Neisseria gonorrhoeae , Genetics , Metabolism , Virulence , Neutrophils , Allergy and Immunology , Microbiology , Phagocytosis
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638155

ABSTRACT

Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling plays an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. CD109, a novel TGF-β co-receptor, which inhibits TGF-β signaling by enhancing Smad7-dependent degradation of TGF-β type I receptor (TGF-β RI), is abnormally expreβsed in psoriasis. To date, the expreβsion of Smad7 and the correlation between CD109 and Smad7 expreβsion in psoriasis have not been fully elucidated. This study was designed to investigate the expreβsion and the correlation of CD109 and TGF-β signaling aβsociated proteins in psoriasis and their roles in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Thirty-two psoriasis specimens were subjected to immunohistochemical staining for CD109, Smad7, TGF-β RI and Ki67. Ten normal skin (NS) specimens served as controls. The positive expression rate (% positive cells) of Smad7 and Ki67 in psoriasis was significantly higher than in NS (62.6%±19.9% vs. 17.2%±4.4%, and 50.7%±14.3% vs. 19.5%±3.2%, respectively, P<0.001), and the expression levels of CD109 and TGF-β R? were reduced significantly in psoriasis as compared with NS (8.1%±6.7% vs. 35.8%±6.7% and 27.3%±3.4% vs. 3.0%±3.4%, respectively, P<0.001). There were significantly negative correlations between CD109 and Smad7 (r=-0.831, P<0.01). These findings indicated that CD109 might play a certain role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Lower expression of CD109 and TGF-β RI was highly correlated with higher expression of Smad7 and Ki67, suggesting that CD109 may induce the pathogenesis of psoriasis through Smad7-mediated degradation of TGF-β RI, and lead to the termination of TGF-β signaling.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250400

ABSTRACT

Liopxin A4 (LXA4) is considered to be a crucial modulator in the inflammatory responses. In the present study, we aimed to study the effect of LXA4 on the inflammatory cytokines production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the possible mechanism in normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs). NHEKs were isolated and cultured. The expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), LXA4 receptor (ALXR) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) in NHEKs was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The mRNA and protein levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were determined in NHEKs stimulated by LPS (10 μg/mL) with or without preincubation with LXA4 (100 nmol/L) for 30 min by real-time quantitative PCR (real-time qPCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The expression levels of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and suppressors of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2) mRNAs and proteins, and nuclear translocation of NF-kB-p65 were measured by real-time qPCR and Western blotting, respectively. The results showed that NHEKs expressed TLR4, ALXR and AhR. LXA4 significantly inhibited the mRNA and protein expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and TRAF6 induced by LPS in NHEKs, and LXA4 obviously increased the expression of SOCS2 at mRNA and protein levels. The nuclear NF-kB-p65 protein expression induced by LPS was inhibited after preincubation with LXA4 in NHEKs. It was concluded that LXA4 inhibits the LPS-induced production of TNF-α and IL-1β in NHEKs by up-regulating SOCS2 and down-regulating TRAF6.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Keratinocytes , Lipopolysaccharides , Pharmacology , Lipoxins , Pharmacology , NF-kappa B , Genetics , Metabolism , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 6 , Genetics , Metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Genetics , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Metabolism
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636948

ABSTRACT

Liopxin A4 (LXA4) is considered to be a crucial modulator in the inflammatory responses. In the present study, we aimed to study the effect of LXA4 on the inflammatory cytokines production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the possible mechanism in normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs). NHEKs were isolated and cultured. The expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), LXA4 receptor (ALXR) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) in NHEKs was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The mRNA and protein levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were determined in NHEKs stimulated by LPS (10 μg/mL) with or without preincubation with LXA4 (100 nmol/L) for 30 min by real-time quantitative PCR (real-time qPCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The expression levels of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and suppressors of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2) mRNAs and proteins, and nuclear translocation of NF-kB-p65 were measured by real-time qPCR and Western blotting, respectively. The results showed that NHEKs expressed TLR4, ALXR and AhR. LXA4 significantly inhibited the mRNA and protein expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and TRAF6 induced by LPS in NHEKs, and LXA4 obviously increased the expression of SOCS2 at mRNA and protein levels. The nuclear NF-kB-p65 protein expression induced by LPS was inhibited after preincubation with LXA4 in NHEKs. It was concluded that LXA4 inhibits the LPS-induced production of TNF-α and IL-1β in NHEKs by up-regulating SOCS2 and down-regulating TRAF6.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351061

ABSTRACT

The deubiquitinating enzyme ubiquitin specific peptidase 15 (USP15) is regarded as a regulator of TGFβ signaling pathway. This process depends on Smad7, the inhibitory factor of the TGFβ signal, and type I TGFβ receptor (TβR-I), one of the receptors of TGFβ. The expression level of USP15 seems to play vital roles in the pathogenesis of many neoplasms, but so far there has been no report about USP15 in psoriasis. In this study, immunohistochemical staining of USP15, TβR-I and Smad7 was performed in 30 paraffin-embedded psoriasis specimens and 10 normal specimens to investigate the expression of USP15, TβR-I and Smad7 in psoriasis and to explore the relevance among them. And USP15 small interfering RNA (USP15 siRNA) was used to transfect Hacat cells to detect the mRNA expression of TβR-I and Smad7. Of 30 cases of psoriasis in active stage, 28, 24 and 26 cases were positive for USP15, TβR-I and Smad7 staining, respectively. The positive rates of USP15 and Smad7 were significantly higher in psoriasis specimens than in normal skin specimens (44.1%±26.0% vs. 6.1%±6.6%, 47.2%±27.1% vs. 6.6%±7.1%), and positive rate of TβR-I (20.3%±22.2%) in psoriasis was lower than that in normal skin specimens (46.7%±18.2%). There was a significant positive correlation between USP15 and Smad7 expression, and significant negative correlations between USP15 and TβR-expression, an I d between TβR- and Smad7 expression I in psoriasis. After transfection of USP15 siRNA in Hacat cells, the expression of TβR-mRNA was up I -regulated and that of Smad7 was down-regulated. It is concluded that USP15 may play a role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis through regulating the TβR-I/Smad7 pathway and there may be other cell signaling pathways interacting with USP15 to take part in the development of psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cell Line , Female , Gene Expression , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Keratinocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases , Genetics , Psoriasis , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA Interference , Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Skin , Metabolism , Smad7 Protein , Genetics , Ubiquitin-Specific Proteases , Genetics , Young Adult
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636700

ABSTRACT

The deubiquitinating enzyme ubiquitin specific peptidase 15 (USP15) is regarded as a regulator of TGFβ signaling pathway. This process depends on Smad7, the inhibitory factor of the TGFβ signal, and type I TGFβ receptor (TβR-I), one of the receptors of TGFβ. The expression level of USP15 seems to play vital roles in the pathogenesis of many neoplasms, but so far there has been no report about USP15 in psoriasis. In this study, immunohistochemical staining of USP15, TβR-I and Smad7 was performed in 30 paraffin-embedded psoriasis specimens and 10 normal specimens to investigate the expression of USP15, TβR-I and Smad7 in psoriasis and to explore the relevance among them. And USP15 small interfering RNA (USP15 siRNA) was used to transfect Hacat cells to detect the mRNA expression of TβR-I and Smad7. Of 30 cases of psoriasis in active stage, 28, 24 and 26 cases were positive for USP15, TβR-I and Smad7 staining, respectively. The positive rates of USP15 and Smad7 were significantly higher in psoriasis specimens than in normal skin specimens (44.1%±26.0% vs. 6.1%±6.6%, 47.2%±27.1% vs. 6.6%±7.1%), and positive rate of TβR-I (20.3%±22.2%) in psoriasis was lower than that in normal skin specimens (46.7%±18.2%). There was a significant positive correlation between USP15 and Smad7 expression, and significant negative correlations between USP15 and TβR-expression, an I d between TβR- and Smad7 expression I in psoriasis. After transfection of USP15 siRNA in Hacat cells, the expression of TβR-mRNA was up I -regulated and that of Smad7 was down-regulated. It is concluded that USP15 may play a role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis through regulating the TβR-I/Smad7 pathway and there may be other cell signaling pathways interacting with USP15 to take part in the development of psoriasis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 941-945, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295767

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the down-regulated TRAF6 gene expression and its effects on proliferation and apoptosis in multiple myeloma (MM) cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Detection of TRAF6 expression were conducted by RT-PCR and Western blot in MM cell lines of KM3, U266, RPMI8226 and primary cells from patients. RPMI8226 cell lines were transfected with siRNA of TRAF6. The efficiency of transfection was identified by using of fluorescence microscope, RT-PCR, and Western blot. The levels of proliferation were analyzed by CCK-8 method under the different concentrations of siRNA. Apoptosis rate were detected with Hoechst33258/PI double staining by flow cytometry. Apoptosis related proteins Bcl-2, BAX, and NF-κB signal pathway were observed before and after siRNA transfection by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of TRAF6 mRNA and protein in MM cell lines, especially in primary myeloma cells, were significantly higher than those in controls. After transfected with 50 nmol/L siRNA in RPMI8226 cells, the relative level of TRAF6 mRNA (0.49±0.24) was significantly lower than that in non-transfected group (1.87±0.23) and idling group (1.74±0.35). The proliferation rate of siRNA transfected cells decreased with dose dependence (P<0.01). The apoptosis rates increased from 11.20% (before transfection) to 51.82% (after transfection), accompanied by down-regulated Bcl-2 protein, NF-κB signal pathway (p-p65 and p52), and up-regulated BAX protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TRAF6 expression was high in myeloma cells. TRAF6 siRNA could inhibit proliferation of myeloma cells and induce apoptosis mediated by NF-κB classical and alternative pathway in myeloma cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Female , Gene Expression , Humans , Male , Multiple Myeloma , Metabolism , Pathology , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 6 , Genetics , Metabolism , Tumor Cells, Cultured
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353114

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the properties and clinical outcomes of arthroscopic reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with preservation of remnant through outside-in and transtibial tunel.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2005 to January 2012, 145 patients were treated with arthroscopic reconstruction of ACL with preservation of remnant. Among the patients, 88 patients were treated with outside-in techniques (outside-in group), including 55 males and 33 females, ranging in age from 18 to 52 years, with a mean of (29.22 +/- 7.31) years; 57 patients were treated with transtibial technique (transtibial group), including 35 males and 22 females, ranging in age from 18 to 51 years, with a mean of (29.28 +/- 8.07) years. The Lysholm, VAS and IKDC scores were compared between two groups before operation, after operation and at the latest follow-up time.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average operation time was (76.94 +/- 10.83) min in the outside-in group, and (70.35 +/- 10.11) min in the transbibial group, there was a significant difference between two groups. There was no significant difference of hydrops articuli scores at the early stage between the two groups (P = 0.065). At follow-up from 18 to 60 months, there were great improvements in the knee stabilities in each group compared with the preoperative data respectively. The Lysholm score improved from 54.75 +/- 10.58 preoperatively to 95.80 +/- 5.16 at the follow-up in the outside-in group; and improved from 52.51 +/- 11.38 preoperatively to 94.86 +/- 5.50 at follow-up in the transtibial group. Additionally, IKDC grades also improved in both groups. However, no significant differences were seen in stabilities shown by pivot shift test, Lachman test and anterior drawer test. And there also no significant differences of Lysholm scores and IKDC grades between two groups after operation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The outside-in technique has advantages to create an anatomical femoral tunnel easily with minimal intra-articular interference, and disadvantages of complicated manipulation. The transtibial technique is easy to operate and gain time. Using either of responding technique according to the actual situation, satisfactory outcome could be archived.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , General Surgery , Arthroscopy , Methods , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Knee Injuries , General Surgery , Knee Joint , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313497

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To find the effects of lead taken by pregnant mice on learning and memory and the expression of synaptosomal-associated protein (SNAP)-25 mRNA and protein, in order to reveal the mechanism of neurotoxicity induced by lead.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Lead exposure was conducted through freely drinking the corresponding lead acetate solutions with dosages of 0.3, 1.0, 3.0 g/L respectively. Each group was composed of 10 mice. 7, 14 and 21 days after their birth. The lead contents in blood and hippocampus of the offspring were determined. At the 21st day the expression of SNAP-25 mRNA and protein in hippocampus of all the offspring in various dosages groups were determined by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The lead contents in blood and hippocampus of various lead exposed groups were significantly higher than those of the control group (P < 0.05). The lead levels in blood and hippocampus changed accordingly to the days of growth. In Water Morris Maze experiment, the result of 0.3 g/L group was not significantly different from that of the control group (P > 0.05), however, the results of 1.0, 3.0 g/L groups (5.89 ± 0.54, 9.53 ± 1.03) were significantly different from those of the control group (1.73 ± 0.07) (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The expression of SNAP-25 mRNA and protein was lower in lead exposed groups than that of the control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Maternal lead exposure may induce the damage in the ability of learning and memory of the offspring. The neurotoxicity of lead may be induced by decreasing the expression of SNAP-25 mRNA and protein so as to affect the release of neurotransmitter from presynaptic terminal resulted in nerve damages.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Lead , Toxicity , Maternal Exposure , Maze Learning , Memory , Mice , Pregnancy , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Synaptosomal-Associated Protein 25 , Metabolism
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302632

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevalence of abnormity of blood lipid and associated factors in healthy population in Beijing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally, 38462 individuals who received health examination were enrolled in our study. We divided them into eight groups according to their ages. The levels of serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol were tested, and the relationship of blood lipid abnormity with body mass index (BMI) and fasting blood glucose was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidences of hypercholesterolemia, hyperglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, and hyper low-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia presented increasing trend in this population. The incidence rate of abnormity of blood lipid in health examination population increased with BMI increase. The incidence of abnormity of blood lipid in overweight and obesity population was significantly higher than that in low weight and normal weight populations (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the trend of abnormal blood lipid incidence coincided with that of abnormal fasting blood glucose.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The prevalence of overweight, obesity, and abnormity of blood lipid in Beijing presents increasing trend. The incidence of abnormity of blood lipid increases with BMI increase, in coincidence with that of fasting blood glucose.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Blood , Epidemiology , Lipids , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Obesity , Blood , Overweight , Blood , Young Adult
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1314-1317, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338168

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety and efficacy of fast track surgery (FTS) management in gastric cancer undergoing D2 gastrectomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty gastric cancer patients undergoing D2 gastrectomy were recruited prospectively. Patients were assigned to receive FTS management (n = 40) or conventional perioperative care (n = 40). The FTS care included shorten preoperative fasting time, no nasogastric decompressing tubes and abdominal drainage placed, early postoperative oral feeding, multimodal analgesia, and early mobilisation. The length of postoperative hospital stay, medical cost, nutritional status, gut function, and postoperative complications in the two groups were recorded and compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>FTS group was associated with a significantly shorter postoperative hospital stay compared with conventional care group [(5.6 +/- 1.3) d vs. (9.4 +/- 1.9) d, P < 0.05]. Medical cost was less [(18 620 +/- 2360) Yuan vs. (20 370 +/- 2440) Yuan, P < 0.05] and duration of intravenous infusion [(3.5 +/- 1.4) d vs. (5.8 +/- 1.9) d, P < 0.05] was also shorter. First passage of flatus was earlier in FTS group than in conventional care group [(4.3 +/- 0.4) d vs. (5.5 +/- 0.9) d, P < 0.05]. Loss of body weight in the postoperative period was less in FTS group [(3.2 +/- 0.8) kg vs. (4.3 +/- 1.6) kg, P < 0.05]. There was no difference in morbidity or mortality between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>FTS in D2 gastrectomy is safe and efficient, and it can shorten postoperative hospital stay and hasten return of gut function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Methods , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Perioperative Care , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336453

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of Nutrition MCT and Nutrition MF enteral nutrition on nutritional status of patients after major abdominal operation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In a double- blinded and randomized cross- cover study, Nutrition MCT and Nutrition MF enteral nutrition were fed in patients when the gut function restored after operation. The total calorie was 104.6 kJ(25 kcal) x kg(-1) x d(-1) and the period of full dose of enteral nutrition was 5 days. The blood samples were collected before operation,before enteral nutrition and the sixth day after full dose of enteral nutrition for the measurement of pre- albumin, total protein,albumin, transferrin and triglyceride. The urine, stool and drainage fluid were collected to analyze nitrogen balance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The plasma protein and fat were obviously dropped in patients after abdominal operation and improved after the enteral nutrition support in two groups. However, the pre- albumin level increased more in patients of Nutrition MCT than Nutrition MF.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Nutrition MCT can obviously improve the nutritional status of patients after major abdominal operation.</p>


Subject(s)
Abdomen , General Surgery , Adult , Aged , Cross-Over Studies , Double-Blind Method , Enteral Nutrition , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nutritional Status , Proteins , Therapeutic Uses , Triglycerides , Therapeutic Uses
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680556

ABSTRACT

The immune nutrients play an important role in nutritional support,immune regulation and maintenance of intestinal barrier function.In recent years,with the deepening study,the effect of immune nutrients in the comprehensive cancer treatment has constantly being recognized.Many studies have shown that glutamine (Gln),arginine (Arg) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have effect on the tumor itself and the combination cancer chemotherapy.

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