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China Pharmacy ; (12): 2770-2774, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998564


OBJECTIVE To explore the risk signal of ixazomib and provide a reference for clinically rational drug use. METHODS The Open Vigil 2.1 online tool was used to extract the data of adverse drug events (ADE) reported by the database of FDA adverse event reporting system (FAERS) from the launch of ixazomib in America (November 20th, 2015) to the latest update of the Open Vigil website (March 31st, 2023). The data were mined by using the proportional reporting ratio (PRR) and Bayesian confidence propagation neural network (BCPNN) of the proportional imbalance method. The signals were coded by system organ class (SOC) and preferred term (PT) according to MedDRA v25.1. RESULTS A total of 13 841 ADE reports with ixazomib as the “primary subject” were extracted, involving slightly more male patients (49.53%), and most of them were 65 years old and above (72.48%); the reports came from 57 countries/regions, mainly America (52.90%). A total of 186 positive signals were excavated, with 51 high-intensity, 99 medium-intensity, and 36 low-intensity signals, involving 19 SOCs. The top 50 PT in frequency and signal intensity of PRR included neuropathy peripheral (414 cases, high-intensity signal), platelet count decreased (379 cases, high-intensity signal), thrombocytopenia (360 cases, high-intensity signal), cytopenia (75 cases, high-intensity signal) and neurological symptoms (41 cases, high-intensity signal). SOC involved included nervous system disorders, investigations, and blood and lymphatic system disorders. ADE occurred most frequently in gastrointestinal diseases (2 588 cases), including diarrhea (1 077 cases, high-intensity signal), nausea (737 cases, medium-intensity signal), vomiting (459 cases, medium-intensity signal), constipation (275 cases, medium-intensity signal), and so on. The positive signals of infections and infestations contained the largest number of PTs, and most of them were not recorded in the drug instruction, including 12 high-intensity signals (1 030 cases) and 30 medium-intensity signals (627 cases), which were mainly distributed in lung infection, upper respiratory infection, gastrointestinal infection, sepsis, herpes zoster and so on. The signals of cardiac amyloidosis (7 cases, high-intensity signal) and acute coronary syndrome (14 cases, high-intensity signal) of cardiac disorders and renal dysfunction (91 cases, medium-intensity signal) of renal and urinary disorders were all strong and had not been recorded in the drug instruction. CONCLUSIONS In addition to routine attention to the common ADE of ixazomib in gastrointestinal diseases,nervous system disorders and blood and lymphatic system disorders, clinical attention should also be paid to various infections that may occur during the treatment of patients, and the occurrence of cardiovascular toxicity and renal dysfunction should be monitored.

Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 359-361, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882077


Objective By participating in the process of drug treatment and pharmaceutical monitoring for a patient with cancer pain, clinical pharmacists participated in formulating drug treatment plans and proposed rational medication recommendations. At the same time, patients were given health education to reduce or avoid adverse drug reactions. Methods Pharmacists participate in the process of pharmacy monitoring of patients by participating in the review of prescriptions, discovering problems, intervening in time for improper prescriptions, communicating with doctors, changing medication plans, and providing health education to patients. Results Physicians accepted the suggestions of pharmacists and modified the medication regimen. The patient's condition improved. Conclusion The pharmacist participated in the intervention of an improperly prescribed medication for a patient with metastatic breast cancer postoperative cancer pain, and gave the patient a full range of pharmaceutical care, which reflects the importance of the pharmacist in pharmaceutical care.

Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 721-725, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421461


ObjectiveTo study the characteristics and risk factors of traffic injuries among the adolescents (0-19 years old) in the urban and rural areas of Chongqing and discuss the preventive strategy. MethodsData of road traffic crashes and injuries involving 0-19 years old adolescents over a seven-year period (2000-2006) in three districts of Chongqing was picked up from Road _Traffic Crashes and Injuries Database. Epidemiological characteristics of the traffic crashes and injuries among 0-19 years old adolescents were analyzed and differences between rural and urban areas were studied. ResultsFrom 2000 to 2006, both incidence rate and mortality rate peaked in the urban fringe area were 95.43/100 000 and 3.44/100 000 respectively. Traffic accidents in the suburbs and counties had the highest injury extent, with mortality rate of 9.06% and severe injury rate of 17.33%. Brain injuries were the primary cause of death. Among the victims, 62.7% were the pedestrians, of which 20.72% bore equal responsibility because of disobeying traffic signals, suddenly walking across roads and not walking along the sidewalk. Ninety percentage of the traffic accidents occurred in the sections with no traffic signals or traffic control system. ConclusionIt is important to enhance the traffic safety consciousness of teenagers and children, strengthen preventive measures in fringe areas and rural areas and improve the emergency medical system in rural areas to provide the teenagers and children with a safety traffic environment.