Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 367
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0115, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423523

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: The effects of weightlessness on the liver were studied using a tail suspension (TS) male mouse model. Methods: The effects of 0-, 2- and 4-week TS (CON, TS2 and TS4 groups) on glycogen and lipid content, as well as on the molecular processes of the synthesis and degradation pathways, were examined. Results: (1) The number of glycogenosomes under ultrastructure and the glycogen content were considerably larger in the TS4 group than in the other two groups. (2) In the TS4 group, glycogen synthase activity remained constant while glycogen phosphorylase activity dropped, indicating that glycogen breakdown was reduced. (3) The livers of the TS2 group had the highest lipid and triglyceride content, indicating lipid buildup in the liver at this time. (4) In the TS2 group, the activities of the fatty acid synthesis-related factors acetyl-CoA carboxylase and fatty acid synthase increased, while hepatic lipase decreased, indicating that lipid synthesis increased, while decomposition decreased. (5) In the TS2 group, the protein expression of glucose transporters 1 and 2 increased. Conclusions: From TS2 weeks to TS4 weeks, the main energy consumption mode in the livers of mice transitioned from glucose metabolism to lipid metabolism as glucose use decreased. Level of evidence II; Comparative prospective study.


RESUMEN Objetivos: Se estudiaron los efectos de la antigravedad en el hígado utilizando un modelo de ratón macho en prueba de suspensión de la cola (TS, tail suspension). Métodos: Se examinaron los efectos de la TS a las 0, 2 y 4 semanas (grupos CON, TS2 y TS4) sobre el contenido de glucógeno y lípidos, así como sobre los procesos moleculares de las vías de síntesis y degradación. Resultados: (1) El número de glucogenosomas ultraestructurales y el contenido de glucógeno fueron expresivamente más altos en el grupo TS4 que en los otros dos grupos. (2) En el grupo TS4, la actividad de la glucógeno sintasa se mantuvo constante, mientras que la actividad de la glucógeno fosforilasa disminuyó, lo que indica que la degradación del glucógeno se redujo. (3) Los hígados del grupo TS2 presentaron el mayor contenido de lípidos y triglicéridos, lo que indica la acumulación de lípidos en el hígado en ese momento. (4) En el grupo TS2, la actividad de los factores relacionados con la síntesis de ácidos grasos acetil-CoA carboxilasa y ácido graso sintasa aumentó, mientras que la lipasa hepática disminuyó, indicando que la síntesis de lípidos aumentó mientras que la descomposición disminuyó. (5) En el grupo TS2, la expresión proteica de los transportadores de glucosa 1 y 2 aumentó. Conclusiones: Desde la semana TS2 hasta la semana TS4, el principal modo de consumo de energía en el hígado de los ratones pasó del metabolismo de la glucosa al metabolismo de los lípidos a medida que disminuía el uso de la glucosa. Nivel de Evidencia II, Estudio retrospectivo comparativo.


RESUMO Objetivos: Os efeitos da antigravidade no fígado foram estudados usando um modelo de camundongo macho com a suspensão pela cauda (TS, tail suspension). Métodos: Foram examinados os efeitos da TS em 0, 2 e 4 semanas (grupos CON, TS2 e TS4) sobre o conteúdo de glicogênio e lipídios, bem como nos processos moleculares das vias de síntese e degradação. Resultados: (1) O número de glicogenossomos ultraestruturais e o teor de glicogênio foram expressivamente maiores no grupo TS4 do que nos outros dois grupos. (2) No grupo TS4, a atividade de glicogênio sintase permaneceu constante, enquanto a atividade de glicogênio fosforilase caiu, indicando que a degradação do glicogênio foi reduzida. (3) Os fígados do grupo TS2 tiveram o maior teor lipídico e de triglicérides, indicando acúmulo de lipídios no fígado no momento. (4) No grupo TS2, a atividade dos fatores relacionados com a síntese de ácidos graxos acetil-CoA carboxilase e ácido graxo sintase aumentaram, enquanto a lipase hepática diminuiu, indicando que a síntese de lipídios aumentou, enquanto a decomposição diminuiu. (5) No grupo TS2, a expressão proteica dos transportadores de glicose 1 e 2 aumentou. Conclusões: De TS2 semanas para TS4 semanas, o principal modo de consumo de energia no fígado de camundongos passou do metabolismo da glicose para o metabolismo lipídico, à medida que o uso de glicose diminuiu. Nível de evidência II, Estudo retrospectivo comparativo.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 66-75, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962626

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Qigesan (QGS) in intervening in the migration and invasion of esophageal carcinoma TE-1 cells. MethodMicroarray technology was used to screen differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the normal group and the QGS group, and the ontological functions and signaling pathways of DEGs were analyzed. The thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay was used to detect the effect of QGS on the viability of TE-1 cells. In the subsequent experiments for verification, a blank group, a transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) group, a TGF-β1 + QGS group, and a TGF-β1 + SB431542 group were set up. The cell morphology in each experimental group was observed by microscopy. The migration and invasion abilities of cells were detected by wound healing assay, and the mRNA expression levels of E-Cadherin, vimentin, Smad2, and Smad7 were detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The protein expression of E-Cadherin, vimentin, p-Smad2/3, Smad2/3, and Smad7 was detected by Western blot. ResultThere were 1 487 DEGs between the QGS group and the blank group, including 1 080 down-regulated ones (accounting for 72.63%) and 407 up-regulated ones. The down-regulated genes were mainly involved in biological processes such as cytoskeletal protein binding, ATP binding, adenylate nucleotide binding, and adenylate ribonucleotide binding, and the involved Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways included TGF-β signaling pathway, cell cycle, extracellular matrix-receptor interaction protein, tumor pathways, and oocyte meiosis. The up-regulated genes were mainly involved in RNA binding, DNA binding, transcriptional regulator activity, transcriptional activator activity, and nucleotide binding, and the KEGG pathways involved mainly included mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, bladder cancer, renal cell carcinoma, cancer pathways, and p53 signaling pathway. Compared with the blank group, the inhibition rate of cell viability of TE-1 cells increased after QGS (20, 30, 40, 60, 80 mg·L-1) intervention for 12, 24, 36, 48, 60 h (P<0.05), and the inhibition rate was time- and dose-dependent. Compared with the blank group, the TGF-β1 group showed lengthened cells with fibroblast phenotype. Compared with the TGF-β1 group, the TGF-β1 + QGS group showed shortened cells with normal morphology and epithelial phenotype. The cell morphology in the TGF-β1 + SB431542 group was similar to that of the TGF-β1 + QGS group. Compared with the blank group, the TGF-β1 group showed potentiated ability of cell migration and invasion (P<0.05). Compared with the TGF-β1 group, the TGF-β1 + QGS group and the TGF-β1 + SB431542 group showed inhibited and weakened migration and invasion abilities of cells (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in migration and invasion abilities between the TGF-β1 + QGS group and the TGF-β1 + SB431542 group. The mRNA expression levels of vimentin and Smad2 in the TGF-β1 group were higher (P<0.05), and the mRNA expression levels of E-Cadherin and Smad7 were lower (P<0.05) than those in the blank group. Compared with the TGF-β1 group, the TGF-β1 + QGS group and the TGF-β1+ SB431542 group exhibited decreased expression levels of vimentin and Smad2 mRNA (P<0.05), and elevated expression levels of E-Cadherin and Smad7 mRNA (P<0.05). Compared with the blank group, the TGF-β1 group showed up-regulated protein expression levels of vimentin, p-Smad2/3, and Smad2/3 (P<0.05), and reduced protein expression levels of E-Cadherin and Smad7 (P<0.05). Compared with the TGF-β1 group, the TGF-β1 + QGS group and the TGF-β1 + SB431542 group displayed decreased protein expression levels of vimentin, p-Smad2/3, and Smad2/3 (P<0.05), and increased protein expression levels of E-Cadherin and Smad7 (P<0.05). ConclusionThe ethyl acetate extract of QGS inhibits the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of TE-1 cells through the TGF-β1 pathway to reduce the migration and invasion of TE-1 cells.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 56-62, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960705

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression levels of HBV pregenomic RNA (pgRNA) and hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) in circulating serum of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients after withdrawal from nucleos(t)ide analogues (NUC), as well as the correlation of HBV pgRNA and HBcrAg levels in circulating blood in different periods of time with recurrence in CHB patients after drug withdrawal. Methods Among the patients who attended the outpatient service of Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College from December 2019 to July 2022, a total of 108 CHB patients who received anti-HBV therapy for at least 5 years and met the criteria for drug withdrawal in 2017 EASL Guidelines were enrolled. According to the time of drug withdrawal, the patients were divided into 4-, 12-, and 24-week groups after drug withdrawal, and according to the presence or absence of recurrence, they were divided into recurrence group and non-recurrence group. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the level of HBV pgRNA in circulating serum of CHB patients; ELISA was used to measure the expression level of HBcrAg in peripheral venous blood; quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure HBV DNA load with high accuracy. The t -test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups. The Pearson correlation test was used to investigate the correlation between the indices in circulating blood. Results For the CHB patients after drug withdrawal, the recurrence rate was 17.1% at 4-12 weeks, cumulative recurrence rate reached 29.3% after 24 weeks of follow-up, the patients with positive HBV DNA alone accounted for 64.3% and 60.0%, respectively, those with positive HBeAg alone accounted for 28.5% and 20.0%, respectively, and those with positive HBV DNA and HBeAg accounted for 7.1% and 20.0%, respectively. The expression levels of HBV pgRNA, HBcrAg, and HBV DNA in circulating serum of CHB patients at 24 weeks after drug withdrawal were significantly higher than those at the time of drug withdrawal and at 4 weeks after drug withdrawal, and there was a significant difference between groups at different time points (all P 0.05). Conclusion The recurrence group had significantly higher expression levels of HBV pgRNA and HBcrAg than the non-recurrence group at the time of drug withdrawal, suggesting that the levels of HBV pgRNA and HBcrAg in the CHB patients of the non-recurrence group at the time of drug withdrawal may be used as the reference thresholds for safe drug withdrawal in CHB patients, and measurement of HBV pgRNA and HBcrAg may be one of the potential reference indicators for the selection of anti-HBV treatment endpoints in the future.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 286-290, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the role of Huaiqihuang Granules (HQ) in the long-term management of bronchial asthma in young children, and the effective effect on concomitant rhinitis.Methods:A prospective real-world multicenter study was conducted in children aged 2-5 years with asthma diagnosed in the outpatient department (from April 2016 to March 2019)who received either inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA)(control group); inhaled ICS/LTRA plus HQ(combination group), or HQ alone(HQ group). All patients were followed up at week 4, 8, 12 after treatment. The number of days with asthma symptoms, the frequency of severe asthma attacks, the level of asthma control, and the days with rhinitis symptoms in the last 4 weeks were recorded. Differences before and after treatment, and those among groups after treatment were compared using Kruskal- Wallis H test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Results:A total of 2 234 eligible patients were recruited, and 2 147 cases completed followed-up visits, including 477, 1 374 and 296 cases in the control group, combination group, and HQ group, respectively. After the treatment, all 3 groups showed significant declines in the days with asthma symptoms, frequency of severe asthma attack and the days with rhinitis symptoms (all P<0.01), and the rate of well-controlled asthma increased significantly ( P<0.01). It lasted until the end of follow-up. Among groups, patients in the combination group showed significantly less days of asthma symptoms than those of the other 2 group at week 8 and 12[0(0, 0.9) d vs.0(0, 0.3) d, P<0.05; 0(0, 0.1) d vs. 0(0, 1.0) d, P<0.01]. Patients in the combination group and HQ group showed a significantly lower rate of severe asthma attacks than that of the control group at week 12 [0(0, 1), 0(0, 1), 0(0, 2), all P<0.05]. The well-controlled rate of asthma in the combination group was significantly higher than that of the control group and HQ group at week 8 and 12 (89.6% vs. 85.9% vs.82.1%, H=15.28; 90.9% vs. 84.1% vs. 81.8%, χ2=29.32, all P<0.01). Conclusions:HQ can significantly alleviate symptoms of asthma and rhinitis, severe attack of asthma, and increase the control rate of asthma when used as an additional treatment or used alone.

5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 73-77, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970986

ABSTRACT

Patients with congenital unilateral absence of the vas deferens (CUAVD) manifest diverse symptoms from normospermia to azoospermia. Treatment for CUAVD patients with obstructive azoospermia (OA) is complicated, and there is a lack of relevant reports. In this study, we describe the clinical features and evaluate the treatments and outcomes of CUAVD patients with OA. From December 2015 to December 2020, 33 patients were diagnosed as CUAVD with OA in Shanghai General Hospital (Shanghai, China). Patient information, ultrasound findings, semen analysis, hormone profiles, and treatment information were collected, and the clinical outcomes were evaluated. Of 33 patients, 29 patients were retrospectively analyzed. Vasoepididymostomy (VE) or cross VE was performed in 12 patients, the patency rate was 41.7% (5/12), and natural pregnancy was achieved in one of the patients. The other 17 patients underwent testicular sperm extraction as the distal vas deferens (contralateral side) was obstructed. These findings showed that VE or cross VE remains an alternative treatment for CUAVD patients with OA, even with a relatively low rate of patency and natural pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Male , Vas Deferens/abnormalities , Azoospermia/surgery , Epididymis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , China , Semen
6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 101-104, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970887

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with club foot detected upon mid-pregnancy ultrasonography.@*METHODS@#Amniotic fluid of the fetus and peripheral blood samples of its parents were collected and subjected to G-banding karyotype analysis and copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq). The result was verified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).@*RESULTS@#The fetus and its parents all had a normal karyotype. CNV-seq analysis revealed that the fetus has harbored a 23.12 Mb on chromosome 5 and a 21.46 Mb duplication on chromosome 7. FISH assay has verified that its mother has carried a cryptic t(5;7)(p14.3;q33) translocation.@*CONCLUSION@#CNV-seq combined with FISH can effectively detect cryptic chromosome aberrations, and can help to reduce severe birth defects and provide a basis for prenatal genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Cri-du-Chat Syndrome , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , DNA Copy Number Variations , Prenatal Diagnosis , Fetus , Amniotic Fluid , Chromosome Deletion
7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 201-208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970776

ABSTRACT

The substitute materials of autologous tissue graft for periodontal soft tissue augmentation surgery develop rapidly. The use of substitute material can avoid the second operation area, shorten the operation time, reduce the postoperative reaction and pain, and is not limited by the quantity, suitable for a wide range of cases. In this paper, the characteristics, histological study, clinical application and therapeutic effect of acellular dermal matrix as a substitute material for autologous tissue transplantation were introduced to provide reference for clinical work.


Subject(s)
Acellular Dermis , Wound Healing
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 193-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970514

ABSTRACT

Alcoholic liver disease(ALD), with its increasing morbidity and mortality, has seriously and extensively affected the health of people worldwide. Methyl ferulic acid(MFA) has been proven to significantly inhibit alcohol-induced lipid production in L02 cells through the AMP-activated protein kinase(AMPK) pathway, but its in-depth mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to further clarify the mechanism of MFA in improving lipid accumulation in L02 cells through the microRNA-378b(miR-378b)-mediated calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2(CaMKK2)-AMPK signaling pathway based on existing researches. L02 cells were induced by 100 mmol·L~(-1) ethanol for 48 h to establish the model of ALD in vitro, and 100, 50, and 25 μmol·L~(-1) concentration of MFA was treated. MiR-378b plasmids(containing the overexpression plasmid-miR-378b mimics, silence plasmid-miR-378b inhibitor, and their respective negative control-miR-378b NCs) were transfected into L02 cells by electroporation to up-regulate or down-regulate the levels of miR-378b in L02 cells. The levels of total cholesterol(TC) and triglyceride(TG) in cells were detected by commercial diagnostic kits and automatic biochemical analyzers. The expression levels of miR-378b in L02 cells were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR). CaMKK2 mRNA levels were detected by PCR, and protein expressions of related factors involved in lipid synthesis, decomposition, and transport in lipid metabolism were detected by Western blot. The results displayed that ethanol significantly increased TG and TC levels in L02 cells, while MFA decreased TG and TC levels. Ethanol up-regulated the miR-378b level, while MFA effectively inhibited the miR-378b level. The overexpression of miR-378b led to lipid accumulation in ethanol-induced L02 cells, while the silence of miR-378b improved the lipid deposition induced by ethanol. MFA activated the CaMKK2-AMPK signaling pathway by lowering miR-378b, thus improving lipid synthesis, decomposition, and transport, which improved lipid deposition in L02 cells. This study shows that MFA improves lipid deposition in L02 cells by regulating the CaMKK2-AMPK pathway through miR-378b.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ethanol/toxicity , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Fatty Liver , Triglycerides , MicroRNAs/genetics , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Kinase/genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 439-448, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Venous thromboembolism (VTE) as the most common cancer-associated complication has become the second death-causing reason among cancer patients. The management of VTE in patients with lung adenocarcinoma should focus on early and timely detection of risk factors. The aim of the study is to investigate the current situation of VTE in patients with lung adenocarcinoma treated with anti-tumor therapy and then explore the risk factors associated with the occurrence of VTE during anti-tumor therapy for early detection and screening of VTE.@*METHODS@#The present study included patients diagnosed as lung adenocarcinoma undergoing anti-tumor therapy in First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between December 2019 and May 2021. The risk factors were identified via univariate and multivariate Cox analysis. The incidence of independent risk factors were investigated through Kaplan-Meier curves combined with Log-rank test.@*RESULTS@#The results of univariate and multivariate Cox regression showed that history of VTE, targeted therapy and radiotherapy were risk factors for VTE in patients with lung adenocarcinoma treated with anti-tumor therapy (P<0.05). Furthermore, the results of Kaplan-Meier curves and Log-rank tests indicated the incidences of VTE in patients with history of VTE, targeted therapy and radiotherapy were higher (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#History of VTE, radiotherapy and targeted therapy are found as independent risk factors for the occurrence of VTE, which should be identified and monitored for reduction of VTE incidence.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Venous Thromboembolism , Incidence , Lung Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Risk Factors
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3806-3814, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981513

ABSTRACT

The weight coefficients of appearance traits, extract yield of standard decoction, and total content of honokiol and magnolol were determined by analytic hierarchy process(AHP), criteria importance though intercrieria correlation(CRITIC), and AHP-CRITIC weighting method, and the comprehensive scores were calculated. The effects of ginger juice dosage, moistening time, proces-sing temperature, and processing time on the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex(MOC) were investigated, and Box-Behnken design was employed to optimize the process parameters. To reveal the processing mechanism, MOC, ginger juice-processed Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex(GMOC), and water-processed Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex(WMOC) were compared. The results showed that the weight coefficients of the appearance traits, extract yield of standard decoction, and total content of honokiol and magnolol determined by AHP-CRITIC weighting method were 0.134, 0.287, and 0.579, respectively. The optimal processing parameters of GMOC were ginger juice dosage of 8%, moistening time of 120 min, and processing at 100 ℃ for 7 min. The content of syringoside and magnolflorine in MOC decreased after processing, and the content of honokiol and magnolol followed the trend of GMOC>MOC>WMOC, which suggested that the change in clinical efficacy of MOC after processing was associated with the changes of chemical composition. The optimized processing technology is stable and feasible and provides references for the modern production and processing of MOC.


Subject(s)
Ginger , Magnolia/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Lignans/chemistry
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 199-205, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971515

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the protective effect of forsythiaside B (FB) against cerebral oxidative stress injury induced by cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in mice and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Ninety C57BL/6 mice were randomized into sham-operated group, middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model group, and low-, medium and highdose (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg, respectively) FB groups. The expression levels of MDA, ROS, PCO, 8-OHdG, SOD, GSTα4, CAT and GPx in the brain tissue of the mice were detected using commercial kits, and those of AMPK, P-AMPK, DAF-16, FOXO3 and P-FOXO3 were detected with Western blotting. Compound C (CC), an AMPK inhibitor, was used to verify the role of the AMPK pathway in mediating the therapeutic effect of FB. In another 36 C57BL/6 mice randomized into 4 sham-operated group, MCAO model group, FB (40 mg/kg) treatment group, FB+CC (10 mg/kg) treatment group, TTC staining was used to examine the volume of cerebral infarcts, and the levels of ROS and SOD in the brain were detected; the changes in the protein expressions of AMPK, P-AMPK, DAF-16, FOXO3 and P-FOXO3 in the brain tissue were detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#In mice with cerebral IR injury, treatment with FB significantly reduced the levels of ROS, MDA, PCO and 8-OHdG, increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes SOD, GSTα4, CAT and GPx, and enhanced phosphorylation of AMPK and FOXO3 and DAF-16 protein expression in the brain tissue (P < 0.01). Compared with FB treatment alone, the combined treatment with FB and CC significantly reduced phosphorylation of AMPK and FOXO3, lowered expression of DAF-16 and SOD activity, and increased cerebral infarction volume and ROS level in the brain tissue of the mice (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#FB inhibits oxidative stress injury caused by cerebral I/R in mice possibly by enhancing AMPK phosphorylation, promoting the downstream DAF-16 protein expression and FOXO3 phosphorylation, increasing the expression of antioxidant enzymes, and reducing ROS level in the brain tissue.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Antioxidants/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Brain Ischemia , Oxidative Stress , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Reperfusion Injury , Reperfusion , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3230-3241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999089

ABSTRACT

The immune system plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis and progression of diseases. Lipid peroxidation, as a key effector molecule in the execution of ferroptosis, exerts critical effects on the functionality and survival of various immune cells and is involved in the pathological processes of multiple diseases. There is accumulating evidence suggesting the presence of ferroptosis in immune cells as well. Lipid peroxidation is closely associated with immune cell function. Accumulation of lipid peroxidation products in immune cells can lead to ferroptosis, directly impacting immune cell function. Non-immune cells, through lipid peroxidation-mediated cell death, release signaling molecules that regulate immune cell function. They jointly influence the body's homeostasis. This article provides a comprehensive review of the latest research progress on the regulatory role of lipid peroxidation in immune function. It analyzes the relationship between lipid peroxidation and immune cells, and provides a theoretical foundation for potential strategies targeting cellular lipid peroxidation and immunotherapy in the treatment of diseases.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 47-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996809

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the mechanism of icariin in ameliorating efferocytosis dysfunction and inflammatory response of alveolar macrophages induced by cigarette smoke extract via the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) signaling pathway. MethodThe untreated rat alveolar macrophages (NR8383) were taken as the blank group. The NR8383 cells treated with 10% cigarette smoke extract were divided into model, low-, medium-, and high-dose (10, 20, 40 μmol·L-1) icariin, PPARγ inhibitor, and PPARγ inhibitor + low-, medium-, and high-dose icariin groups. Alamar blue colorimetry was employed to examine the proliferation and toxicity of icariin on NR8383 cells. The efferocytosis rate of NR8383 cells was detected by flow cytometry. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to measure the levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and milk fat globule-epidermal growth factor 8 (MFG-E8). Western blot and Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) were employed to determine the protein and mRNA levels, respectively, of PPARγ, CD36, and RAS-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (Rac1). ResultThe efferocytosis dysfunction model of NR8383 was established with the cigarette smoke extract. Compared with the blank control group, the model group showed decreased efferocytosis rate (P<0.05), elevated TNF-α level (P<0.05), lowered TGF-β1 and MFG-E8 levels (P<0.01), and down-regulated mRNA and protein levels of PPARγ, CD36, and Rac1 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the treatment with icariin increased the efferocytosis rate (P<0.05, P<0.01), lowered the TNF-α level (P<0.01), elevated TGF-β1 and MFG-E8 levels (P<0.05), and up-regulated the protein and mRNA levels of PPARγ, CD36, and Rac1 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with icariin alone, PPARγ inhibitor + icariin decreased the efferocytosis rate (P<0.05) and down-regulated the protein and mRNA levels of PPARγ (P<0.05, P<0.01). In addition, PPARγ inhibitor + low-dose icariin down-regulated the protein level of CD36 (P<0.01) and PPARγ inhibitor + low-/medium-dose icariin up-regulated the protein level of Rac1 (P<0.05). ConclusionIcariin ameliorates the cigarette smoke extract-induced efferocytosis dysfunction of alveolar macrophage by regulating the PPARγ signaling pathway and cytoskeletal structure rearrangement.

14.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 133-136, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996434

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the compliance and influencing factors of patients with mental disorders complicated with diabetes treatment in a third-class general hospital of Nantong City, and to provide theoretical basis for improving the compliance of patients with mental disorders complicated with diabetes treatment. Methods Among of 148 patients with mental disorders combined with diabetes admitted to our hospital from January 2021 to June 2022 were selected and divided into poor compliance group and good compliance group according to the investigation of diabetes treatment compliance. The blood glucose control of the two groups was compared, and clinical data of patients were collected from the medical record system. The independent risk factors affecting the compliance of patients with mental disorders and diabetes were analyzed. Results The levels of FBG, PBG and HbA1c in poor compliance group were significantly lower than those in good compliance group (P<0.05). The results showed that poor cognition of the disease (OR=2.649), paranoid psychosis (OR=0.371), low self-awareness and attitude score (OR=0.618), poor blood glucose control (OR=2.914) were independent risk factors affecting the compliance of patients with mental disorders and diabetes mellitus (P<0.05). Conclusion The compliance of patients with mental disorders combined with diabetes in the treatment of diabetes is not high and the control of blood sugar is not good. Mental health service outlets should be added to actively control the blood sugar of patients, focusing on paranoid mental patients and strengthening the publicity and education of guardians, which can improve the treatment compliance of patients and contribute to the prognosis of patients.

15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 376-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of argon plasma coagulation (APC) in the treatment of patients with hemorrhagic chronic radiation proctitis (HCRP).Methods:The clinical data of 36 HCRP patients who received APC treatment in Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital between January 2017 and June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The severity of HCRP was assessed by using the Zinicola endoscopic score and the Vienna proctoscopy score. The elimination of rectal bleeding or occasional bloody stools that did not require further treatment within 6 months of the last APC treatment was considered to be the therapy success.Results:The median follow-up time was 1.63 years (0.85-2.68 years). There were 20 (55.6%) patients with severe HCRP according to the Zinicola endoscopic score. After APC treatment, 32 patients with HCRP obtained adequate rectal hemostasis, whereas 4 patients with severe HCRP still experienced rectal bleeding symptoms after APC treatment for several times. All patients received APC treatment for (2.7±1.0) times in total. The endoscopic scores of HCRP patients before and after APC treatment were (3.6±0.8) scores, (1.4± 1.1) scores, respectively; Vienna proctoscopy scores were (3.8±0.8) scores, (1.2±1.1) scores, respectively; and the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 22.37, 18.96; all P < 0.001). The hemoglobin levels of HCRP patients before and after APC treatment were (85±15) g/L, (100±17) g/L, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 17.86, P < 0.001). Serious side effects including strictures, perforations, or fistulas and other severe complications related to APC therapy were not found. Conclusions:APC may be an effective and safe treatment option for patients with HCRP.

16.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 346-352, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen the endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) signature-related differentially expressed genes (DEG) in gastric cancer and to construct a prognostic risk model based on a bioinformatics.Methods:Transcriptome sequencing data (RNA-seq) of 375 gastric cancer and 32 paracancerous tissue samples downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and the corresponding clinical information were obtained as training set samples; data of 387 gastric cancer patients (GSE84437) from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database were downloaded as validation set samples. All data were obtained on December 25, 2021. A total of 785 ERS signature-related genes (ERS-RG) were obtained from the GeneCards database. DEG between gastric cancer tissues and paracancerous tissues in the TCGA database was analyzed. The identified gastric cancer DEG were intersected with ERS-RG from the GeneCards database to obtain gastric cancer ERS signature-related DEG, which were analyzed for gene ontology (GO) function and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment. Univariate Cox proportional risk model was used to screen ERS signature-related DEG with prognostic value in gastric cancer, and LASSO regression analysis was performed to construct a polygenic prognostic risk model, and to calculate the prognostic risk score. The patients in training set and validation set were divided into high-risk group and low-risk group according to the median of the prognostic risk score (2.369); Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the overall survival (OS) and to draw time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of patients in the two groups; nomogram was drawn based on the prognostic independent influencing factors of gastric cancer. The characteristic immune cell infiltration abundance between the two groups was analyzed by using the inverse convolution-based CIBERSORT algorithm. Cytolytic activity scores were calculated by using the geometric mean of granzyme A and perforin 1 expression. According to the median prognostic risk score (2.369) and median tumor mutation burden (TMB) (3.000), all patients with gastric cancer were divided into high risk score-high TMB group, high risk score-low TMB group, low risk score-high TMB group and low risk score-low TMB group to compare the OS of patients in each group.Results:A total of 444 ERS signature-related DEG in gastric cancer including 168 down-regulated genes and 276 up-regulated genes were obtained, which were mainly enriched in biological processes such as protein processing in the endoplasmic reticulum, extracellular matrix (ECM) receptor interactions and unfolded protein responses (all P < 0.05). Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that 12 prognostic-related ERS signature-related DEG in gastric cancer were screened out. LASSO regression analysis was performed to obtain a prognostic risk score = 0.052×NOS3+0.137×PON1+0.067×CXCR4+0.131×MATN3+0.116×ANXA5+0.090×SERPINE1. The results of Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the OS of the low-risk group in both the training and validation sets was better than that of the high-risk group (all P < 0.01). The results of the time-dependent ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC for the 3-year, 5-year, 8-year OS rates was 0.695, 0.786, 0.698, respectively in the training set, while the AUC for the 3-year 5-year, 8-year OS rates was 0.580, 0.625, 0.627, respectively in the validation set. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that prognostic risk score ( HR = 3.598, 95% CI 2.290-5.655, P < 0.001) and tumor stage ( HR = 1.344, 95% CI 1.057-1.709, P < 0.05) were independent factors influencing the prognosis of gastric cancer. Among 375 gastric cancer patients in the TCGA database, the expression levels of ATF6, HSPA5, XBP1 and ATF4 in the high-risk group were higher than those in the low-risk group (all P < 0.05); CIBERSORT results showed that the abundance of activated CD4 memory T cells in the high-risk group was lower than that in the low-risk group, and the abundance of both M0 and M2 macrophages in the high-risk group was higher than that in the low-risk group (all P < 0.05). The expression levels of common immune checkpoints (CD274, CTLA4, TNFRSF9, TIGIT, PDCD1, LAG3) in the high-risk group were all higher than those in the low-risk group (all P < 0.05). Cytolytic activity score in the high-risk group was higher than that in the low-risk group ( P < 0.05). The prognostic risk score was negatively correlated with TMB ( r = -0.20, P < 0.001). Patients in the low-risk score-high TMB group had the best OS and those in the high-risk score-low TMB group had the worst OS (both P < 0.001). Conclusions:The prognostic risk score model is established based on 6 ERS signature-related DEG in gastric cancer and its prognostic risk score may be effective as an independent prognostic factor to predict the prognosis of gastric cancer patients.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1141-1146, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923766

ABSTRACT

Imipenem-cilastatin is a broad-spectrum carbapenem antibiotic drug that has been widely used in clinical practice , but there is a lack of guidelines and expert consensus on the development of individualized regimens for special status populations [e.g. continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT)patients,extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)patients, critically ill burn patients ,neonates and children]. In this paper ,by searching population pharmacokinetics research of imipenem- cilastatin in special status populations ,it is recommended that imipenem-cilastatin is given 1 to 3 g/d for CRRT patients ;500 mg to 1 g,q6 h for burn patients ;750 mg to 1 g,q6 h for ECMO patients ;20 mg/kg or 25 mg/kg,q8 h for neonates ;and 25 mg/kg,q6 h for children.

18.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 181-183, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928497

ABSTRACT

Arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction is an innovative technique for the irreparable rotator cuff tears, but spontaneous pneumothorax after surgery is very rare. The present case was a 66-year-old female with irreparable rotator cuff tears of the right shoulder, treated with the arthroscopic shoulder superior capsular reconstruction. The general anesthesia and operation went smoothly, but the patient experienced stuffiness in the chest and shortness of breath after recovery from anesthesia. Thoracic CT scans showed spontaneous pneumothorax in the right side, which was successfully treated by the conservative treatments (oxygen therapy) according to multidisciplinary team. Prompt and accurate early-stage diagnosis is necessary in controlling postoperative complications and standardized treatment is the key to relieve the suffering. Spontaneous pneumothorax after arthroscopic shoulder surgery has been rarely reported in previous literatures.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Arthroscopy/methods , Pneumothorax/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder , Shoulder Joint , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 32-36, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928476

ABSTRACT

Prosthetic infection is one of the severe postoperative complications of arthroplasty. Mixed bacterial-fungal prosthetic infection is rare but can be disastrous. This case was a 76-year-old female suffered from prosthetic infection following total hip replacement due to femoral neck fracture and underwent multiple debridements. The culture of periprosthetic tissue was bacteriologically sterile following the first debridement, while the Staphylococcus hominis was identified in the second debridement in the previous hospitalization where fungal infection had not been considered. Thus the pathogen spectrum of anti-infection therapy failed to contain fungus. Ultimately, the culture result of our sampled periprosthetic tissue during the third debridement was Candida albicans without bacterium in our hospital. The fungal prosthetic infection was successfully treated by a two-stage revision with antifungal drugs. Accurate diagnosis and standardized treatment is the key to the therapy of infection after hip arthroplasty, especially for mixed bacterial-fungal prosthetic infection.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Debridement , Fungi , Hip Prosthesis/adverse effects , Mycoses/drug therapy , Prosthesis-Related Infections/therapy , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1658-1665, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928096

ABSTRACT

The immune checkpoint programmed cell death-ligand 1(PD-L1)-mediated immunosuppression is among the important features of tumor. PD-L1, an immunosuppressant, can induce T cell failure by binding to programmed cell death-1(PD-1). Thus, the key to restoring the function of T cells is inhibiting the expression of PD-L1. The Chinese medicinal Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma(AMR) has the anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and hypoglycemic activities, and the polysaccharide in AMR(PAMR) plays a crucial role in immunoregulation, but the influence on the immune checkpoints which are closely related to immunosuppression has not been reported. MicroRNA-34 a(miR-34 a) expression in esophageal carcinoma tissue is significantly lower than that in normal tissue. This study aims to investigate the inhibitory effect of PAMR on esophageal carcinoma cells, and the relationship between its inhibitory effect on PD-L1 expression and miR-34 a, which is expected to clarify the anti-tumor mechanism of PAMR. Firstly, different human esophageal carcinoma cell lines(EC9706, EC-1, TE-1, EC109 cells) were screend out, and expression of PD-L1 was determined. Then, EC109 cells, with high expression of PD-L1, were selected for further experiment. The result showed that PAMR suppressed EC109 cell growth. According to the real-time quantitative PCR(qPCR) and Western blot, it significantly suppressed the mRNA and protein expression of PD-L1, while promoting the expression of tumor suppressor miR-34 a. The confocal microscopy and luci-ferase assay proved that PAMR alleviated the inhibitory effect of PD-L1 while blocked miR-34 a. Additionally, the expression of PD-L1 was controlled by miR-34 a, and the combination of miR-34 a inhibitor with high-dose PAMR reversed the inhibitory effect of PAMR on PD-L1 protein expression. Thus, the PAMR may inhibit PD-L1 by increasing the expression of miR-34 a and regulating its downstream target genes. In conclusion, PAMR inhibits the expression of PD-L1 mainly by inducing miR-34 a.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/pharmacology , Carcinoma , Cell Proliferation , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Polysaccharides/pharmacology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL