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1.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 89(4): 101281, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505894

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To generalise the features of PANP in case of potential clinical and pathological pitfall of diagnosis. Methods Thirteen patients diagnosed as PANP were retrospectively analyzed in the Pathology Department of Capital Medical University from August 2014 to December 2019. Immunohistochemical staining with CD34, CK, Vim, Calponin, Ki67, Bcl-2, and STAT-6 was performed with envision-two steps method. Results PANP is a benign tumor presenting with gross variegated tan to gray soft fleshy tissue with foci of obvious hemorrhage and necrosis. The imaging shows internal heterogeneous hyperintensity with a peripheral hypointense rim while postcontrast images display a strong nodular and patchy enhancement. Vimentin (Vim) stain was consistently positive, while negative for CD34, STAT-6 and Bcl-2 (focal positive in two cases). Calponin and CK stain was positive in nine cases, respectively. Conclusion PANP is a clinically rare tumor which may simulate malignancy lesion. Recognizing of characteristic features in these thirteen patients would be beneficial to avoid misdiagnosis and unnecessary aggressive treatment. Level of evidence: This work was Level 2 of evidence according to the Guide for Authors.

2.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 200-204, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical features and risk factors of pulmonary hemorrhage in extremely preterm (EPT) infants.Methods:From February 2018 to January 2022, EPT infants admitted to NICU of our hospital and diagnosed with pulmonary hemorrhage were retrospectively assigned into the observation group and those without pulmonary hemorrhage were assigned into the control group. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to compare the clinical features and determine risk factors of pulmonary hemorrhage in EPT infants.Results:A total of 114 EPT infants were included, including 28 cases (24.6%) in the observation group with pulmonary hemorrhage and 86 cases in the control group. Pulmonary hemorrhage mainly occurred within the first week after birth. Univariate analysis showed that the observation group had higher incidences of following events than the control group: birth asphyxia, delivery room intubation, severe respiratory distress syndrome, hyperglycemia, thrombocytopenia, severe acidosis, shock, score for neonatal acute physiology with perinatal extension-Ⅱ (SNAPPE-Ⅱ) ≥37 and the highest lactate level. Birth weight was lower in the observation group than the control group ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that SNAPPE-Ⅱ≥37, shock and hyperglycemia were risk factors of pulmonary hemorrhage ( OR=4.081, 4.610 and 3.355, respectively, all P<0.05). The incidences of mortality and intracranial hemorrhage in the observation group were higher than the control group. The duration of mechanical ventilation in the observation group was longer than the control group ( P<0.05). No significant differences existed in the duration of nasal continuous positive airway pressure, assist mechanical ventilation and total oxygen use, the incidences of grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity and the length of hospital stay ( P>0.05). Conclusions:SNAPPE-Ⅱ≥37, shock and hyperglycemia are early risk factors for pulmonary hemorrhage in EPT infants. EPT infants with pulmonary hemorrhage have higher incidences of mortality and intracranial hemorrhage, requiring longer periods of mechanical ventilation.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1124-1131, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970584

ABSTRACT

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center phase Ⅱ clinical trial design was used in this study to recruit subjects who were in line with the syndrome of excess heat and fire toxin, and were diagnosed as recurrent oral ulcers, gingivitis, and acute pharyngitis. A total of 240 cases were included and randomly divided into a placebo group and a Huanglian Jiedu Pills group. The clinical efficacy of Huanglian Jiedu Pills in treating the syndrome of excess heat and fire toxin was evaluated by using the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndrome scale. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to determine and evaluate the levels of adenosine triphosphate(ATP), 4-hydroxynonenal(4-HNE), and adrenocorticotropic hormone(ACTH) in plasma of the two groups before and after administration and to predict their application value as clinical biomarkers. The results showed that the disappearance rate of main symptoms in the Huanglian Jiedu Pills group was 69.17%, and that in the placebo group was 50.83%. The comparison between the Huanglian Jiedu Pills group and the placebo group showed that 4-HNE before and after administration was statistically significant(P<0.05). The content of 4-HNE in the Huanglian Jiedu Pills group decreased significantly after administration(P<0.05), but that in the placebo group had no statistical significance and showed an upward trend. After administration, the content of ATP in both Huanglian Jiedu Pills group and placebo group decreased significantly(P<0.05), indicating that the energy metabolism disorder was significantly improved after administration of Huanglian Jiedu Pills and the body's self-healing ability also alleviated the increase in ATP level caused by the syndrome of excess heat and fire toxin to a certain extent. ACTH in both Huanglian Jiedu Pills group and placebo group decreased significantly after administration(P<0.05). It is concluded that Huanglian Jiedu Pills has a significant clinical effect, and can significantly improve the abnormal levels of ATP and 4-HNE in plasma caused by the syndrome of excess heat and fire toxin, which are speculated to be the effective clinical biomarkers for Huanglian Jiedu Pills to treat the syndrome of excess heat and fire toxin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Hot Temperature , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Adenosine Triphosphate
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 491-497, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969933

ABSTRACT

Pertussis is an acute, highly infectious respiratory disease caused by Bordetella pertussis, and is one of the leading causes of infant disease and death worldwide. The pertussis vaccine has been used in the expanded program on immunization globally since 1974 and the vaccination coverage remains high. In recent years, the pertussis incidence rate increased, even pertussis outbreaks occurred, in more and more countries or areas after years with low incidence level. The disease burden of pertussis has been seriously underestimated, and the prevention and control of pertussis is facing many challenges. This article reviews the epidemic status of pertussis worldwide, the factors affecting the reemergence of pertussis, and the challenges in the prevention and control to provide a reference for prevention and control of pertussis.


Subject(s)
Infant , Humans , Whooping Cough/prevention & control , Vaccination , Pertussis Vaccine/therapeutic use , Bordetella pertussis , Disease Outbreaks
5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 626-633, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the cardioprotective effects of astragaloside IV (AS-IV) in heart failure (HF).@*METHODS@#PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Wanfang Database, Chinese Bio-medical Literature and Retrieval System (SinoMed), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched from inception to November 1, 2021 for animal experiments to explore AS-IV in treating HF in rats or mice. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS), left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD), left ventricular end-systolic dimension (LVESD), left ventricular weight-to-body weight (LVW/BW) and B-type brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were recorded. The qualities of included studies were assessed by the risk of bias according to the Cochrane handbook. Meta-analysis was performed using Stata 13.0.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-one articles involving 558 animals were considered. Compared with the control group, AS-IV improved cardiac function, specifically by increasing LVEF (mean difference (MD)=6.97, 95% confidence interval (CI)=5.92 to 8.03, P<0.05; fixed effects model) and LVFS (MD=7.01, 95% CI=5.84 to 8.81, P<0.05; fixed effects model), and decreasing LVEDD (MD=-4.24, 95% CI=-4.74 to -3.76, P<0.05; random effects model) and LVESD (MD=-4.18, 95% CI=-5.26 to -3.10, P<0.05; fixed effects model). In addition, the BNP and LVW/BW levels were decreased in the AS-IV treatment group (MD=-9.18, 95% CI=-14.13 to -4.22, P<0.05; random effects model; MD=-1.91, 95% CI=-2.42 to -1.39, P<0.05; random effects model).@*CONCLUSIONS@#AS-IV is a promising therapeutic agent for HF. However, this conclusion needs to be clinically validated in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Rats , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 762-768, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of pre-treatment albumin/fibrinogen ratio (AFR) on the prognosis of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The data of DLBCL patients in the Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College from April 2014 to March 2021 were retrieved, and 111 newly diagnosed patients who completed at least 4 cycles of R-CHOP or R-CHOP-like chemotherapy with complete data were included in the study. The clinical, laboratory examination and follow-up data of the patients were collected, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn according to patients' AFR before treatment and the survival status at the end of the follow-up, which could be used to preliminarily evaluate the predictive value of AFR for disease progression and patients' survival outcome. Furthermore, the correlation of AFR with the clinical and laboratory characteristics, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed, and finally, univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to analyze factors affecting PFS and OS of DLBCL patients.@*RESULTS@#The ROC curve indicated that AFR level had a moderate predictive value for PFS and OS in DLBCL patients, with the area under the curve (AUC) of 0.616 (P =0.039) and 0.666 (P =0.004), respectively, and the optimal cut-off values were both 9.06 for PFS and OS. Compared with high-AFR (≥9.06) group, the low-AFR (<9.06) group had a higher proportion of patients with Lugano III-IV stage ( P <0.001), elevated lactate dehydrogenase (P =0.007) and B symptoms (P =0.038). The interim analysis of response showed that the overall response rate (ORR) in the high-AFR group was 89.7%, which was significantly higher than 62.8% in the low-AFR group (P =0.001). With a median follow-up of 18.5 (3-77) months, the median PFS of the high-AFR group was not reached, which was significantly superior to 17 months of the low-AFR group (P =0.009). Similarly, the median OS of high-AFR group was not reached, either, which was significantly superior to 48 months of the low-AFR group (P < 0.001). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, AFR <9.06 was an independent risk factor both for PFS and OS (HR PFS=2.047, P =0.039; HR OS=4.854, P =0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Pre-treatment AFR has a significant value for the prognosis evaluation in newly diagnosed DLBCL patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Fibrinogen , Disease-Free Survival , Albumins/therapeutic use , Hemostatics/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3394-3403, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981475

ABSTRACT

This study retrieved Croci Stigma related literature from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, and Web of Science database, and used bibliometrics and CiteSpace 6.1.R2 software to analyze the published Croci Stigma related articles in Chinese and English from 2000 to 2022. The authors, research institutions, and keywords were visualized and analyzed, and the current status and development trend of Croci Stigma research was summarized by combining the information extraction methods. A total of 1 846 Chinese articles and 2 703 English articles were screened out and included. The results showed a generally steady increase in the number of Croci Stigma related articles. The results of the visualization analysis showed that there were more collaborations between researcher teams and major research institutions in English articles than Chinese articles. The Chinese articles was mainly published by China Pharmaceutical University, and most of the inter-institutional collaborations occurred in neighboring regions. The English articles was mainly published by Iranian institutions, and most of the cooperation occurred within the country, with less transnational cooperation. Keywords analysis showed that the research on Croci Stigma was mainly focused on chemical compositions, pharmacological effects, mechanisms, quality control, etc. It was predicted that the future research hotspots of Croci Stigma would mainly focus on pharmacological mechanism and clinical efficacy. The current research related to Croci Stigma still needs to be developed, cooperation should be strengthened, and more in-depth research should be conducted.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , China , Crocus , Iran
8.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 329-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006084

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic partial excision of the cyst wall combined with internal inguinal ring repair in the treatment of pediatric abdominoscrotal hydrocele (ASH). 【Methods】 Clinical data of 12 ASH children treated during Mar.2017 to May 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including clinical manifestations, preoperative diagnosis, intraoperative findings, and postoperative results. 【Results】 A preoperative diagnosis of ASH was made in 9 cases. In the other 3 cases, ASH was detected during laparoscopic repair of the hydrocele. The opening of the internal inguinal ring was wide and cavernous, and patent processus vaginalis (PPV)was detectedin all cases. Contralateral pathologies were detected in 5 cases, including hydrocele in 4 and inguinal hernia in 1. All patients received laparoscopic partial excision of the cyst wall combined with internal inguinal ring repair. During the follow-up of 6-37 months, no recurrence of ASH or ipsilateral hernias occurred, and no testicular atrophy was observed. 【Conclusion】 Laparoscopic partial excision of the cyst wall combined with internal inguinal ring repair is effective, safe and feasible in the treatment of the pediatric ASH.

9.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 977-982, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005785

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the effect of one-beat acquisition with wide detector CT on the image quality and diagnostic efficiency of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) in patients with atrial fibrillation. 【Methods】 A total of 52 consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation, including 31 males, (67.32±11.45) years old, who underwent CCTA from July 2022 to February 2023, were analyzed retrospectively. All patients underwent one-beat acquisition CCTA. The subjective and objective image quality of the coronary arteries was evaluated, and using invasive coronary catheter angiography as the gold standard, the diagnostic efficacy of stenosis degrees above moderate and severe degrees was calculated, respectively. 【Results】 Subjective evaluation results: 92.31% (384/416) of the vascular segments were rated as excellent or good, and the diagnosable rate reached 98.08% (408/416, subjective score ≥3 points). Objective evaluation results: The CT value of the right coronary artery, anterior descending branch, and circumflex branch was (433.41±95.17)HU, (422.69±92.81)HU and (420.27±95.43)HU, respectively; the contrast-to-noise ratio was 38.46±7.54, 32.46±13.78 and 37.74±8.89, respectively. The total diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity was 94.71%, 87.9% and 96.62%, respectively, for moderate stenosis and 96.15%, 83.64% and 98.06% for severe stenosis. 【Conclusion】 One-beat acquisition with wide detector CT can obtain high-quality coronary artery images and high diagnostic accuracy for patients with atrial fibrillation without radiation dose increase to patients. It has good clinical application value for patients with atrial fibrillation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 861-866, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993906

ABSTRACT

The impact of climate change on the health of elderly individuals is a growing concern.Research has shown that fluctuations in blood glucose levels, resulting from temperature changes, can trigger ischemic stroke in elderly patients.This effect is observed in both high and low temperatures, highlighting the need for effective prevention strategies to mitigate the risk of stroke among vulnerable populations.It is necessary to analyze the seasonal variation of blood glucose fluctuation and its correlation with elderly ischemic stroke, and explore the blood glucose management strategies to cope with temperature change among the elderly population.

11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 569-573, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980761

ABSTRACT

The fenrou zhijian is defined as potential gap between different layers in the three-dimensional network structure formed by the twelve meridian tendons. Various pathological changes of the meridian tendons lead to the adhesion and closure of fenrou zhijian, causing abnormal mechanical conduction of the meridian tendon system, which in turn leads to painful bi syndrome of meridian tendons. As such, restarting the fenrou zhijian is the key to acupuncture treatment for painful bi syndrome of meridian tendons. Under the guidance of musculoskeletal ultrasound, the level and the angle of needle insertion of acupuncture at fenrou zhijian could be accurately controlled, the efficacy of acupuncture is improved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Meridians , Acupuncture Therapy , Needles , Pain , Tendons/diagnostic imaging
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1401-1411, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978737

ABSTRACT

Coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke are the most well-known cardiovascular diseases, which share many common pathological basis. Yindan Xinnaotong soft capsule (YDXNT) is a commonly used Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of stroke and CHD. However, its action of mechanism of co-treatment for stroke and CHD is still unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the common mechanism of YDXNT in co-treatment of CHD and stroke using network pharmacology, experimental verification and molecular docking. An integrated literature mining and databases of IPA, ETCM, HERB, Swiss Target Prediction, OMIM and GeneCards were used to screen and predict active ingredients and potential targets of YDXNT in co-treatment of CHD and stroke. The protein-protein interaction network, GO analysis and pathway analysis were analyzed by IPA software. The effect of YDXNT on core targets was verified by immunofluorescence. UPLC-QTOF/MS and molecular docking were used to screen and predict the main active constituents of YDXNT and their interactions with core targets. A total of 151 potential targets are predicted for YDXNT in co-treatment of CHD and stroke. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF1α)-matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9)-mediated HIF1α signaling pathway serves as one of the common mechanisms. YDXNT could reduce the increase of mitochondrial fluorescence intensity and the protein expression of HIF1α and MMP9 in HL-1 and HA induced by oxygen and glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) in a dose-dependent manner. Baicalin may be the material basis for treating stroke and CHD with YDXNT. In conclusion, the HIF1α signaling pathway is one of the common key mechanisms of YDXNT in the co-treatment of stroke and CHD. The study provides support and basis for the in-depth scientific connotation of the traditional Chinese medicine theory of "same treatment to different diseases".

13.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 473-478, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923565

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To observe the clinical effect of Mirabegron combined with Silodosin on detrusor hyperactivity with impaired contractile (DHIC).Methods From September, 2019 to December, 2021, 40 patients with DHIC in the Department of Urology of Beijing Bo'ai Hospital were selected and randomly divided into control group and experimental group, with 20 cases in each group. The control group took Silodosin only, and the experimental group took Mirabegron in addition, for four weeks. The urinary diary, residual urine volume, Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) and quality of life (QOL) score were compared before and after treatment.Results A total of 18 patients in the control group and 19 in the experimental group finished the trial. After treatment, the number of night urination per day, the residual urine volume and QOL score improved in the control group (P<0.01); the number of urination per 24 hours, the number of night urination per day, the volume per urination, the residual urine volume, the daily urgency score, the OABSS score and QOL score improved in the experimental group (P<0.01). The number decrease of urination per 24 hours, the volume decrease of per urination, the daily urgency score decrease, the OABSS score decrease and QOL score decrease were more in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.01). The adverse reactions included palpitations, increased heart rate, dyspareunia, increased blood pressure, gastric discomfort, postural hypotension, and retrograde ejaculation, and there was no significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusion The efficacy of Mirabellone combined with Silodosin on DHIC is better than Silodosin only, and there was no significant increase in drug-related adverse effects.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 30-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of the second-line nilotinib and third-line dasatinib on chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) with failed first- and second-line treatments, and analyze the influencing factors of the efficacy.@*METHODS@#Selected 83 patients in The Third People's Hospital of Kunshan City, Jiangsu Province with CML who were treated with nilotinib as the second-line treatment after the failure of the first-line treatment with imatinib as the second-line treatment group (referred to as the second-line group) from January 2014 to December 2018, and 61 CML patients who were treated by dasatinib as the third-line treatment group (referred to as the third-line group) after the failure of the second-line treatment with nilotinib; the first-line treatment with imatinib failed, but due to various reasons, the patients were fully after being informed of the possible serious consequences of not changing the drug treatment, 37 CML patients who were still required to continue imatinib treatment served as the control group. The hematological, genetic and molecular responses of each group were compared for 3, 6, and 24 months of treatment. LogistiC regression was used to analyze the factors affecting the second and third line curative effects.@*RESULTS@#The three groups had statistically significant differences in the rates of achieving CHR, MCyR, and MMR at 3, 6, and 12 months of treatment (P<0.05). Compared the two groups, the CHR rates of the second-line group at 3, 6, and 12 months of treatment were 100.00%, 97.59%, and 95.18%, respectively; higher than the third-line group's 90.16%, 86.89%, 83.61% and the control group's 83.78%, 75.68% and 72.97%; the CHR rate of the third-line group was higher than that of the control group at 6 and 12 months of treatment. The rates of reaching MCyR at 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment in the second-line group were 87.95%, 93.98% and 93.98%, respectively, while those in the third-line group were 80.33%, 88.52% and 86.89%, which were higher than those of the control group of 67.57%, 64.86% and 48.65%. The rates of achieving MMR at 3, 6, and 12 months of treatment in the second-line group were 19.28%, 33.72% and 60.24%, respectively, and those in the third-line group were 11.48%, 26.23% and 49.18%, which were higher than those of the control group of 0.00%, 2.70% and 0.00%; The rate of reaching MMR within 12 months of treatment in the second-line group was higher than that of the third-line group, and the differences was statistically significant (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the rate of reaching MCyR between the second-line group and the third-line group at 3, 6, and 12 months, and the rate of reaching MMR at 3 and 6 months (P>0.05). The incidence of nausea and vomiting among the three main non-hematological adverse reactions, and the incidence of grade 1~2 anemia among the hematological adverse reactions were statistically significant (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of rash, eyelid edema, diarrhea, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia and neutropenia in the three groups (P>0.05). The incidence of nausea and vomiting and grade 1~2 anemia in the second-line group and the third-line group were higher than that of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in Sokal score, medication compliance, and hematological adverse reactions between the MMR group and the non-MMR group (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that dose reduction or withdrawal during the treatment period, and grade 3~4 hematological adverse reactions were the main factors affecting the second and third line curative effects (OR=22.160, 2.715, 95% CI=2.795-93.027, 1.882-48.834).@*CONCLUSION@#The second-line nilotinib and the third-line dasatinib have a better effect on CML patients who have failed the first and second-line treatments. Grade 3~4 hematological adverse reactions, dose reduction or withdrawal are risk factors that affect the efficacy of second and third-line treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Dasatinib/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Pyrimidines/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 466-470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935171

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety between indobufen and aspirin in the prevention of restenosis of bridge vessels at 1 year after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Methods: This study was a prospective cohort study. We selected 152 patients who received coronary artery bypass grafting in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from December 2016 to December 2018. Patients were divided into the indobufen group and the aspirin group. Patients in the aspirin group were treated with aspirin and clopidogrel, and patients in the indobufen group were treated with indobufen and clopidogrel. During the 1-year follow-up, the rate of restenosis of saphenous vein bridge and internal mammary artery bridge, the rate of adverse cardiac events and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. The levels of fibrinogen (FIB), D-dimer (D-D), thrombomodulin (TM) and thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) were compared before and after antiplatelet therapy. Results: There were 76 cases in the indobufen group, including 57 males (75.0%), aged (60.3±6.6) years. There were 76 cases in the aspirin group, including 62 males (81.6%), aged (59.7±7.2) years. Baseline data were comparable between the two groups (P>0.05). During the follow-up, 3 cases were lost to follow up. Follow-up was completed in 74 patients in the indobufen group and 75 in the aspirin group. A total of 268 bridging vessels were grafted in the indobufen group and 272 in the aspirin group. One year after surgery, the patency rates of great saphenous vein bridge and internal mammary artery bridge were 94.5% (189/200) and 97.1% (66/68) in the indobuphen group, and 91.3% (189/207) and 96.9% (63/65) in the aspirin group, respectively. There was no significant difference in patency rate of great saphenous vein bridge and internal mammary artery bridge between the two groups (χ²=0.282, 0.345, P>0.05). The total incidence of adverse cardiac events was 5.4% (4/74) in the indobufen group and 6.7% (5/75) in the aspirin group (χ²=0.126, P>0.05). The overall incidence of gastrointestinal adverse reactions was significantly lower in the indobufen group than in the aspirin group (4.1% (3/74) vs. 13.3% (10/75), χ²=4.547, P<0.05). The levels of FIB, D-D, TM and TAFI in the two groups were lower than those before surgery (P<0.05), and there was no statistical significance between the two groups at baseline and post-operation (P>0.05). Conclusion: The efficacy of indobufen combined with clopidogrel in the prevention of 1-year restenosis after coronary artery bypass graft is similar to that of aspirin combined with clopidogrel, but the incidence of adverse reactions is lower, and the safety is higher in patients treated with indobufen combined with clopidogrel compared to aspirin combined with clopidogrel strategy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Clopidogrel/therapeutic use , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Drug Therapy, Combination , Isoindoles , Phenylbutyrates , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 30-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933365

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess plasma microfibrillar associated protein 5(MFAP5) level in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS), and to explore its relationship with glucose and lipid metabolism as well as sex hormones.Methods:Fifty PCOS patients and 65 healthy female subjects were selected as PCOS group and control group, respectively. Clinical data and plasma MFAP5 levels between the two groups were compared.Results:The plasma MFAP5 level in PCOS group was significantly higher than that in control group( P<0.01), and the plasma MFAP5 level in PCOS overweight subgroup was higher than that in control subgroup( P<0.01). No difference was observed in plasma MFAP5 level between the two non-overweight subgroups( P>0.05). Correlation analysis showed that plasma MFAP5 level was positively correlated with waist circumference, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, fasting insulin, homoeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index(HOMA-IR), HbA 1C, testosterone, LH/FSH ratio, and leukocyte( P<0.05 or P<0.01). There was no significant correlation of MFAP5 with body weight, body mass index(BMI), hip circumference, waist hip ratio, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-C), triglyceride, total cholesterol, and blood glucose( P>0.05). In PCOS group, plasma MFAP5 level was positively correlated with body weight, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, total cholesterol, and leukocyte( P<0.05 or P<0.01). There was no significant correlation of MFAP5 with waist hip ratio, HDL-C, triglyceride, blood glucose, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, leukocyte, and sex hormones( P>0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that MFAP5 was an independent risk factor for PCOS( P<0.05). Conclusion:Plasma MFAP5 level is increased in PCOS patients and is closely related to BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, and total cholesterol. Plasma MFAP5 is an independent risk factor for PCOS, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of PCOS.

17.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 309-314, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960409

ABSTRACT

Background Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Under the background of climate change, there are great challenges in the prevention and control of dengue fever, posing a serious health risk to the population. Objective To analyze the mechanism of temperature on dengue fever transmission and estimate the risk of dengue fever under different climate change scenarios by establishing a coupled human-mosquito dynamics model using Guangzhou as a research site, and to provide reference for adaptation to climate change. Methods Reported dengue fever cases and meteorological data from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 in Guangzhou were collected from Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention and China Meteorological Data Service Centre, respectively. The temperature data under three Representative Concentration Pahtyway (RCP2.6, RCP4.5, and RCP8.5) scenarios in 2030s (2031–2040), 2060s (2061–2070), and 2090s (2091–2099) were calculated by five general circulation models (GCMs) provided by the fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. A dengue fever transmission dynamics (ELPSEI-SEIR) model was constructed to analyze the mechanism of temperature affecting dengue fever transmission by fitting the dengue fever epidemic trend from 2015–2019, and then the daily mean temperature under selected RCP scenarios for 2030s, 2060s, and 2090s was incorporated into the established dynamics model to predict the risk of dengue fever under different climate change scenarios in the future. Results From January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019, a total of 4 234 cases of dengue fever were reported in Guangzhou, including 3741 local cases and 493 imported cases. The regression results showed that the model well fitted the dengue fever cases in Guangzhou from 2015 to 2019, and the coefficient of determination R2 to evaluate goodness of fit and the root mean squared error were 0.82 and 1.96, respectively. A U-shaped or inverted U-shaped relationship between temperature and mosquito habits could directly affect the number of mosquitoes and the transmission of dengue fever. We also found that temperature increase in most future scenarios could promote the transmission of dengue fever, and the epidemic period was significantly wider than the baseline stage. The epidemic of dengue fever would peak in the 2060s under the scenarios of RCP2.6 and RCP4.5. The estimated incidence of dengue fever was predicated to be highest in the 2030s and then decrease in the following years under RCP8.5, and in the 2090s, the incidence would decrease significantly, but the incidence peak would be earlier in each year, mainly from May to July. Conclusion Temperature can directly affect mosquito population and dengue fever transmission by affecting mosquito habits. The cases of dengue fever will increase under most climate scenarios in the future. However, the epidemic risk of dengue fever may be suppressed, and the epidemic season may be advanced under RCP8.5.

18.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 253-260, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960401

ABSTRACT

Background In recent years, the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MS) is increasing significantly in China. Some studies have found that temperature is related to single metabolic index, but there is a lack of research on associated mechanism and identifying path of the influence of temperature on MS. Objective Based on the data of Guangdong Province, to investigate the effect of temperature on MS and its pathway. Methods A total of 8524 residents were enrolled by multi-stage random sampling from October 2015 to January 2016 in Guangdong. Basic characteristics, behavioral characteristics, health status, and physical activity level were obtained through questionnaires and physical examinations, and meteorological data were obtained from meteorological monitoring sites. We matched individual data both with the temperature data of the physical examination day and of a lag of 14 d. A generalized additive model was used to explore the exposure-effect relationship between temperature and MS and its indexes, calculate effect values, and explore the effects of single-day lag temperature. Based on the literature and the results of generalized additive model analysis, a path analysis was conducted to explore the pathways of temperature influencing MS. Results The association between daily average temperature on the current day or lag 14 day and MS risk was not statistically significant. When daily average temperature increased by 1 ℃, the change values of fasting blood-glucose (FBG), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were −0.033 (95%CI: −0.040-−0.026) mmol·L−1, −0.662 (95%CI: −0.741-−0.583) mmHg, −0.277 (95%CI: −0.323-−0.230) mmHg, and −0.005 (95%CI: −0.007-−0.004) mmol·L−1 respectively. The effects of average daily temperature on FBG, blood pressure, HDL-C, and waist circumference lasted until lag 14 day. The effects of daily average temperature on SBP and DBP were the largest on the current day. Daily average temperature of current day had direct and indirect effects on FBG and SBP. Temperature had an indirect effect on TG, and the intermediate variables were waist circumference and FBG, with an indirect effect value of −0.011 (95%CI: −0.020-−0.002). The indirect effects of daily average temperature on SBP, FBG, and TG were weak. Conclusion There is no significant correlation between temperature and risk of MS, and daily average temperature of current day could significantly affected blood pressure and FBG with a lag effect. Daily average temperature of current day has indirect effects on FBG and TG.

19.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 247-252, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960400

ABSTRACT

Background It is projected that the frequency, density, and duration of compound hot extreme may increase in the 21st century in the context of global warming. Objective To explore the association between compound hot extreme and blood pressure, and identify sensitive populations. Methods This was a cross-sectional study. The study subjects were from six Guangdong Province Chronic Disease and Nutrition Surveys during 2002 through 2015. A questionnaire was administered to the participants with questions about demographic information, drinking and smoking status, and measurements on their height, weight, and blood pressure were also collected. We chose the data of May, September, and October to explore the association between compound hot extreme and blood pressure. Compound hot extreme means a hot day with a proceeding hot night. Daily meteorological data were obtained from China Meteorological Data Service Centre. We employed inverse distance weighting to interpolate the temperature and relative humidity values for each participant. A distributed lag non-linear model was used to estimate the association between compound hot extreme and blood pressure. Stratified analyses by sex, age, area, body mass index (BMI), smoking status, and drinking status were also performed to identify sensitive populations. A sensitivity analysis was conducted by adjusting the degrees of freedom for lag spline and removing relative humidity. Result A total of 10967 participants without history of hypertension were included in this study. The average systolic blood pressure (SBP) was 120.8 mmHg and the average diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was 74.5 mmHg. The proportion of participants who experienced hot day, hot night, or compound hot extreme were 9.34%, 17.95% and 2.90%, respectively. Compared to hot day, hot night and compound hot extreme were related with decreased blood pressure, and the effect of compound hot extreme was stronger: the changes and 95%CI for SBP was −6.2 (−10.3-−2.1) mmHg, and for DBP was −2.7 (−5.2-−0.2) mmHg. Compound hot extreme induced decreased SBP among male, population ≥ 65 years, and those whose BMI < 24 kg·m-2, and their ORs (95%CIs) were −6.2 (−10.7-−1.6). −19.1 (−33.0-−5.1), and −6.7 (−11.8~−1.6) mmHg, respectively, and also decreased DBP among population ≥ 65 years, and its OR (95%CI) was −8.4 (−15.6-−1.1) mmHg. During compound hot extremes, participants living in rural areas showed decreased SBP and DBP, and the ORs (95%CIs) were −10.5 (−16.6-−4.5) and −4.4 (−7.7-−1.1) mmHg respectively, while those living in urban areas showed increased SBP, and the OR (95%CI) was 9.7 (2.9-16.5) mmHg. A significant decrease in blood pressure [OR (95%CI)] was also found in non-smokers [DBP, −3.7 (−6.6-−0.8) mmHg] and non-drinkers [SBP, −4.8 (−9.4-−0.2) mmHg; DBP, −3.4 (−6.0-−0.9) mmHg]. Conclusion Compound hot extreme is negatively associated with SBP, and being male, aged 65 years and over, and having BMI < 24 kg·m−2 may be more sensitive to compound hot extreme.

20.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2863-2868, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990127

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of collaborative care model on patients with postthrombotic syndrome.Methods:From March 2020 to March 2021, 98 patients with postthrombotic syndrome admitted to the vascular surgery ward of The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were selected as the research objects by convenient sampling method. Among them, 49 patients were admitted to the hospital from March to August 2020 as the control group to implement routine care; 49 patients from October 2020 to March 2021 were considered as the experimental group to implement the collaborative care model. The differences in the level of postthrombotic syndrome, quality of life were compared between the two groups before and after intervention.Results:The Villalta clinical score at discharge, 1 month after discharge, and 3 months after discharge was (6.90 ± 1.39), (6.88 ± 0.67), (5.67 ± 1.44) points respectively, (7.63 ± 1.35), (7.45 ± 1.46) and (7.08 ± 1.43) points, respectively, the difference was significant ( t=2.66, 2.50, 4.87, all P<0.05); the questionnaire scores of Venous Insufficiency Epidemiological and Economic Studies-the Quality of Life/Symptom in the experimental group (VEINES-QOL/SYM) were (49.39 ± 4.00), (52.21 ± 4.64), (57.39 ± 4.44) points, higher than the control group of (46.99 ± 3.93), (48.60 ± 4.13), (51.48 ± 3.73) points, the difference was significant ( t=-2.99, -4.06, -7.14, all P<0.05). Repeated measures ANOVA results showed time, intergroup and interaction effects in 2 groups were significant ( F values were 3.53 to 73.15, P<0.05). Conclusions:The collaborative care model can improve the clinical symptoms of patients with postthrombotic syndrome, and the quality of life of patients. It has certain reference significance for the nursing of patients with postthrombotic syndrome.

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