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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 176-181, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993070

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of radiofrequency radiation (RF) from 5G mobile phone communication frequency bands (3.5 GHz and 4.9 GHz) on the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in mice.Methods:A total of 24 healthy adult male C57BL/6 mice (6-8 weeks old) were randomly divided into Sham, 3.5 GHz RF and 4.9 GHz RF groups, and 8 mice in each group. Mice in the RF groups were systemically exposed to 5G cell phone radiation for consecutive 35 d(1 h/d) with 50 W/m 2 power density. The BBB permeability of mice was detected by Evans Blue (EB) fluorescence experiment. The expression levels of the BBB tight junction-related proteins (ZO-1, occludin and claudin-11) and the gap junction-related protein Connexin 43 were determined by Western blot. Results:The number of spots, fluorescence intensity and comprehensive score of EB were significantly increased in 3.5 GHz RF group and 4.9 GHz RF group compared with the Sham group ( t=12.98, 17.82, P<0.001). Compared with the Sham group, the content of S100B in mouse serum was significantly increased in 3.5 GHz RF group and 4.9 GHz RF group ( t=19.34, 14.68, P<0.001). The BBB permeability was increased in the RF group. The expression level of occludin protein was significantly reduced in the 3.5 GHz RF group ( t=-3.13, P<0.05), and this decrease was much profound in the 4.9 GHz RF group ( t=-6.55, P<0.01). But the protein levels of ZO-1, Claudin-11 and Connexin 43 in the cerebral cortex of the RF groups had no significantly difference in comparison with the Sham group( P>0.05). Conclusions:The continuous exposure of mobile phone RF at 3.5 GHz or 4.9 GHz for 35 d (1 h/d) induces an increase of BBB permeability in the mouse cerebral cortex, perhaps by reducing the expression of occludin protein.

2.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 322-326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992096

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between cerebrovascular variation and the occurrence and recurrence of cerebral infarction, and provide a theoretical basis for the precise prevention and treatment of cerebral infarction.Methods:Totally 13 939 patients who underwent magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography(MRA) examination at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University from January 2020 to December 2021 were grouped according to clinical symptoms combined with the imaging report, including 4 412 cases in the cerebral infarction group and 9 527 cases in the control group.2 048 patients in the cerebral infarction group were eventually enrolled in the study according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, including 1 479 cases of initial cerebral infarction and 569 cases of recurrent cerebral infarction.SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used for data analysis.The χ2 test was used to compare the incidence of cerebral infarction with different cerebrovascular variations.Univariate analysis of suspected risk factors for recurrent cerebral infarction was performed with χ2 test, nonparametric test and t test.The binary logistic regression was used to analyze independent risk factors of recurrent cerebral infarction. Results:The incidence of cerebral infarction in the dual-system cerebrovascular variant patients, the single-system cerebrovascular variant patients, and the non-cerebrovascular variant patients were 40.9%, 30.7% and 31.8% respectively.The incidence of cerebral infarction in the dual-system cerebrovascular variant patients was the highest compared with those in the single-system cerebrovascular variant patients and the non-cerebrovascular variant patients (both P<0.05). The incidence rates of embryonic posterior cerebral artery, vertebral artery dominance, and bilateral common origin anterior cerebral arteries were 14.09%, 10.76% and 5.32%, respectively.The incidence of bilateral common origin anterior cerebral arteries in the cerebral infarction group was significantly higher than that in the control group and the difference was statistically significant.Patients with cerebral infarction who were familial aggregation ( OR=2.207, 95% CI=1.591-3.062), hyperhomocysteinemia ( OR=1.262, 95% CI=1.014-1.570), hypertension ( OR=1.461, 95% CI=1.114-1.918), diabetes mellitus ( OR=1.348, 95% CI=1.072-1.694), coronary heart disease ( OR=1.491, 95% CI=1.196-1.858) were more likely to recurrent cerebral infarction ( P<0.05), and patients with cerebral infarction had a significantly increased risk of recurrent cerebral infarction with age ( OR=1.031, 95% CI=1.020-1.042, P<0.05). Conclusion:Dual-system cerebrovascular variation and bilateral common origin anterior cerebral arteries are risk factors for cerebral infarction.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 287-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992018

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of sleep deprivation on cognitive function in septic rats and its relationship with neuronal glycolysis isoenzyme phosphofructokinase-2/fructose-2,?6-diphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3).Methods:Fifty-six healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 4 groups ( n = 14): control group (Con group), sepsis group (LPS group), sepsis+sleep deprivation group (LPS+SD group), sepsis+sleep deprivation+glycolysis inhibitor 3-PO treatment group (LPS+SD+3-PO group). The sepsis model was established by intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 10 mg/kg. Rats in LPS+SD group were treated with sleep deprivation using a sleep deprivation instrument 24 hours after LPS injection. The LPS+SD+3-PO group was intraperitoneally injected with LPS for 24 hours, and then injected with 3-PO 50 mg/kg, followed by sleep deprivation. Novel object recognition experiments were performed 72 hours after LPS injection. Subsequently, blood and brain tissue samples were collected. The contents of lactate (Lac), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and serum tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), pyruvate in brain tissue were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Then, the lactate/pyruvate ratio was calculated. Na +-K +-ATPase activity in brain tissue was detected by colorimetry. Morphological changes in hippocampus were detected by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. And the protein expression levels of PFKFB3, ZO-1 and cleaved caspase-3 were measured by Western blotting. Results:Compared with Con group, the novel object recognition index of LPS group was decreased, the levels of NSE, TNF-α, lactate/pyruvate ratio in serum and the levels of Lac, ROS and dry-wet weight ratio in brain tissue were significantly increased, Na +-K +-ATPase activity in brain tissue was decreased, the protein expressions of PFKFB3, caspase-3 were up-regulated, ZO-1 expression was down-regulated, and the neurons in hippocampus were slightly degenerated. Compared with LPS group, the novel object recognition index of LPS+SD group was further decreased [(39.4±5.3)% vs. (54.5±7.6)%)], serum NSE, TNF-α, lactate/pyruvate ratio and brain tissue Lac, ROS, dry-wet weight ratio were further increased [NSE (μg/L): 3.21±0.42 vs. 2.55±0.36, TNF-α (ng/L): 139.4±19.7 vs. 92.2±13.5, lactate/pyruvate ratio: 29.7±5.5 vs. 19.2±4.2, Lac (μmol/g): 19.51±2.33 vs. 11.34±1.52, ROS (kU/g): 117.4±18.7 vs. 78.2±11.8, dry-wet weight ratio: (81.3±9.2)% vs. (64.3±6.6)%], and Na +-K +-ATPase activity was further decreased (mmol·L -1·h -1: 1.88±0.34 vs. 2.91±0.39), the protein expressions of PFKFB3, caspase-3 were further up-regulated and ZO-1 expression was further down-regulated (PFKFB3/β-actin: 0.80±0.11 vs. 0.45±0.07, caspase-3/β-actin: 0.71±0.09 vs. 0.37±0.05, ZO-1/β-actin: 0.31±0.05 vs. 0.61±0.08). The differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). HE staining showed that the degeneration of neurons in hippocampus was significantly aggravated. Compared with LPS+SD group, the novel object recognition index of LPS+SD+3-PO group was increased [(50.8±5.9)% vs. (39.4±5.3)%], NSE, TNF-α, lactate/pyruvate ratio of serum and Lac, ROS, dry-wet weight ratio of brain tissue were significantly decreased [NSE (μg/L): 2.60±0.33 vs. 3.21±0.42, TNF-α (ng/L): 103.7±18.3 vs. 139.4±19.7, lactate/pyruvate ratio: 17.4±5.1 vs. 29.7±5.5, Lac (μmol/g): 13.68±2.02 vs. 19.51±2.33, ROS (kU/g): 86.9±14.5 vs. 117.4±18.7, dry-wet weight ratio: (67.7±6.9)% vs. (81.3±9.2)%], and Na +-K +-ATPase activity was increased (mmol·L -1·h -1: 2.82±0.44 vs. 1.88±0.34). The protein expressions of PFKFB3, caspase-3 were down-regulated and ZO-1 expression was up-regulated (PFKFB3/β-actin: 0.50±0.06 vs. 0.80±0.11, caspase-3/β-actin: 0.43±0.06 vs. 0.71±0.09, ZO-1/β-actin: 0.52±0.06 vs. 0.31±0.05). The differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). HE staining showed that the degeneration of neurons in hippocampus was significantly improved. Conclusions:Sleep deprivation could aggravate neuroinflammation, neuronal degeneration and apoptosis in septic rats, resulting in destruction of blood-brain barrier and cognitive impairment. 3-PO treatment significantly alleviate the injury and degeneration of hippocampal neurons in septic rats, inhibit neuroinflammation and apoptosis, and improve cognitive dysfunction, which may be related to the inhibition of glycolytic isoenzyme PFKFB3.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 292-295, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991622

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the prevalence and distribution of adult thyroid diseases in urban and rural areas of Hebei Province.Methods:A multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to select Renqiu City and Licun Town, Luquan City of Hebei Province as the urban and rural survey sites, respectively. Questionnaire survey, physical examination and thyroid B ultrasound examination were conducted on local permanent residents (≥ 5 years of residencies) over 18 years old. The fasting venous blood sample was collected to determine the serum thyroid function indicaters.Results:A total of 2 650 adults were surveyed, including 1 393 urban residents and 1 257 rural residents (1 357 males and 1 293 females). A total of 435 patients with thyroid diseases were diagnosed, the detection rate was 16.42%. There were seven thyroid diseases, including subclinical hypothyroidism (60.92%, 265/435), Hashimoto's thyroiditis (34.02%, 148/435), hypothyroidism (4.83%, 21/435), simple goiter (3.22%, 14/435), hyperthyroidism (2.53%, 11/435), subclinical hyperthyroidism (2.53%, 11/435), and thyroid cancer (1.84%, 8/435). The detection rates of thyroid diseases in urban and rural areas were 21.18% (295/1 393) and 11.14% (140/1 257), respectively. The detection rates of thyroid diseases in males and females were 11.42% (155/1 357) and 21.66% (280/1 293), respectively. The detection rates of thyroid diseases in 18-< 30, 30-< 40, 40-< 50, 50-< 60 and ≥60 years old were 13.46% (91/676), 14.81% (81/547), 15.42% (89/577), 20.94% (85/406) and 20.05% (89/444), respectively. There were statistically significant differences between different areas, gender and age groups (χ 2 = 48.54, 50.53, 14.68, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The detection rate of subclinical hypothyroidism in adults in urban and rural areas of Hebei Province is relatively high, followed by Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Attention should be paid to the screening, evaluation, and intervention of thyroid function among urban female populations.

5.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 50-58, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005465

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the value of platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in the prognosis of prostate cancer. 【Methods】 Relevant studies were searched in CNKI, Wanfang, CBM, VIP, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Embase databases from inception to Dec.2021. The literature was screeded, data were extracted, and the quality was evaluated according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. A meta-analysis by using the hazard risk (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) was adopted to assess the prognostic value of PLR. The data were analyzed with STATA 16.0 software. 【Results】 A total of 10 studies were included, involving 1 802 patients. For patients with high level of PLR, the overall survival (OS) (HR=1.70, 95%CI:1.25-2.30, P=0.001) and disease-free survival (DFS)(HR=1.44, 95%CI:1.15-1.81, P=0.002) were significantly shorter. 【Conclusion】 PLR is an independent risk factor affecting the long-term prognosis of prostate cancer patients. Pretreatment detection of PLR is meaningful in determining the prognosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1894-1897, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004914

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence and associated factors of functional constipation(FC) among primary and middle school students in Shaanxi Province, in order to provide a basis for preventing FC in students.@*Methods@#A stratified cluster random sampling method was used to conduct a questionnaire survey on 9 133 primary and middle school students aged 10-18 in eight primary and secondary schools in Shaanxi Province from March to September,2017. Chi square test and multivariate Logistic regression were used to analyze the associated factors of FC among primary and middle school students in Shaanxi Province.@*Results@#There were a total of 364 students meeting the FC Rome IV diagnostic criteria, with a prevalence rate of 3.99%. Among them, there were 155 male students with a prevalence rate of 3.43%, and 209 female students with a prevalence rate of 4.53%. Univariate analysis showed that gender, breastfeeding, separation from parents, long term school meals, types of staple foods, breakfast frequency, cold foods eating frequency, spicy foods eating frequency, fried food eating frequency, pickled food eating frequency, desserts eating frequency, vegetables eating frequency were related to FC, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ 2=7.30,18.75, 20.89,35.54,22.43,16.05,21.31,13.97,10.33,23.96,16.25,17.74, P <0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that female, non breastfeeding, separation from parents, long term school meals, low consumption of staple food/staple food dominated by rice, and never eating vegetables were positively correlated with FC( OR =1.37,1.96,1.52,2.07,1.76,1.58,2.31, P < 0.05 ).@*Conclusions@#The prevalence of functional constipation is higher in primary and middle school students. Attention should be paid to factors related to students dietary habits and food classification to prevent the occurrence of FC in primary and middle school students.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 47-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996809

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the mechanism of icariin in ameliorating efferocytosis dysfunction and inflammatory response of alveolar macrophages induced by cigarette smoke extract via the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) signaling pathway. MethodThe untreated rat alveolar macrophages (NR8383) were taken as the blank group. The NR8383 cells treated with 10% cigarette smoke extract were divided into model, low-, medium-, and high-dose (10, 20, 40 μmol·L-1) icariin, PPARγ inhibitor, and PPARγ inhibitor + low-, medium-, and high-dose icariin groups. Alamar blue colorimetry was employed to examine the proliferation and toxicity of icariin on NR8383 cells. The efferocytosis rate of NR8383 cells was detected by flow cytometry. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to measure the levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and milk fat globule-epidermal growth factor 8 (MFG-E8). Western blot and Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) were employed to determine the protein and mRNA levels, respectively, of PPARγ, CD36, and RAS-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (Rac1). ResultThe efferocytosis dysfunction model of NR8383 was established with the cigarette smoke extract. Compared with the blank control group, the model group showed decreased efferocytosis rate (P<0.05), elevated TNF-α level (P<0.05), lowered TGF-β1 and MFG-E8 levels (P<0.01), and down-regulated mRNA and protein levels of PPARγ, CD36, and Rac1 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the treatment with icariin increased the efferocytosis rate (P<0.05, P<0.01), lowered the TNF-α level (P<0.01), elevated TGF-β1 and MFG-E8 levels (P<0.05), and up-regulated the protein and mRNA levels of PPARγ, CD36, and Rac1 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with icariin alone, PPARγ inhibitor + icariin decreased the efferocytosis rate (P<0.05) and down-regulated the protein and mRNA levels of PPARγ (P<0.05, P<0.01). In addition, PPARγ inhibitor + low-dose icariin down-regulated the protein level of CD36 (P<0.01) and PPARγ inhibitor + low-/medium-dose icariin up-regulated the protein level of Rac1 (P<0.05). ConclusionIcariin ameliorates the cigarette smoke extract-induced efferocytosis dysfunction of alveolar macrophage by regulating the PPARγ signaling pathway and cytoskeletal structure rearrangement.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 843-849, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971840

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) response in evaluating the clinical efficacy and safety of sorafenib combined with camrelizumab in the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods Clinical data were collected from 48 patients with advanced HCC who were treated with sorafenib combined with camrelizumab in The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from September 2020 to February 2022, and according to the level of AFP response after treatment, they were divided into response group with 32 patients (AFP after 6-8 months of treatment was reduced by more than 20% compared with baseline AFP) and non-response group with 16 patients (AFP after 6-8 months of treatment was reduced by less than 20% compared with baseline AFP). The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. Survival curves were plotted, and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to investigate the independent risk factors for overall survival (OS). Progression free survival (PFS) time, OS time, and treatment outcome were compared between the two groups. Results No patient achieved clinical remission in either group. Compared with the non-response group, the response group had significantly higher objective response rate (21.88% vs 0, χ 2 =2.530, P =0.112) and disease control rate (84.38% vs 43.75%, χ 2 =6.668, P =0.010). Compared with the non-response group, the response group had longer PFS time (9.9 months vs 6.8 months) and OS time (13.8 months vs 11.1 months). Early non-response of AFP (hazard ratio [ HR ]=2.624, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.097-6.277, P =0.030) and extrahepatic metastasis ( HR =0.392, 95% CI : 0.157-0.978, P =0.045) were independently associated with a shorter PFS time. No adverse event leading to drug withdrawal was observed in the study. Conclusion Early AFP response has a high clinical value in predicting the efficacy of sorafenib combined with camrelizumab in the treatment of advanced HCC and the prognosis of such patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 110-116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989906

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of umbilical laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (U-LESS) and conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (CLS) on the treatment of acute appendicitis in children by using Meta-analysis. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of U-LESS in treating acute appendicitis in children.Methods:The English databases Pubmed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, Clinical trials, CNKI, Weipu Database, Wanfang Medical Network Database, CBM literature and other Chinese databases were retrieved, and the relevant literature of the comparative study of U-LESS and CLS in the treatment of pediatric acute appendicitis was found, and the quality analysis and application of the selected comparative studies were carried out. RevMan5.3 and stata software were employed to compare the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative exhaust time, postoperative intestinal recovery time, incision length, postoperative hospital stay time, postoperative complications, etc. of different surgical procedures.Results:A total of 19 literature were included in this study, and a total of 2133 cases were included, including 1021 cases in the U-LESS group and 1112 cases in the CLS group, all of which were retrospective case-control studies. Meta analysis showed that the operation time in U-LESS was shorter than that in CLS (95%CI [-9.05, -3.17], Z=4.07, P<0.001) , and the intraoperative bleeding volume of U-LESS was less than that of CLS (95%CI [-15.28, -5.01], Z=3.87, P<0.001) , incision length was shorter in U-LESS than in CLS (95%CI [-1.40, -1.27], Z=39.30, P<0.001) , the postoperative exhaust time of U-LESS was shorter than that of CLS (95%CI [-8.63, -5.89], Z=10.37, P<0.001) , and the recovery time after U-LESS was shorter than that after CLS (95% CI, 95% CI, P<0.001) . U-LESS and CLS did not differ significantly in postoperative length of stay (95%CI [-1.33, -0.64], Z=5.61, P<0.001) . U-LESS had fewer postoperative complications compared with CLS (95%CI [0.24,0.52], Z=5.27, P<0.001) . Conclusion:For pediatric acute appendicitis, U-LESS is safe and feasible, and has the advantages of shortening the operation time and reducing intraoperative bleeding.

10.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1144-1150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989749

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the molecular mechanism of Polygalae Radix - Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma medicinal pair for depression and Alzheimer disease (AD) with the same treatment through network pharmacology. Methods:Effective components of Polygalae Radix - Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma medicinal pair were retrieved from TCMSP, TCMID and ETCM databases. The disease targets of depression and AD were retrieved from GeneCards, TTD and CTD databases. Targets of action of drugs on active components were predicted through SwissTargetPrediction, and then the intersection targets of medicinal pair and the diseases were taken. Cytoscape 3.6.1 was used to construct the interaction network of Polygalae Radix - Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma medicinal pair on "component-common target-disease". The enrichment analysis of GO function and KEGG pathway was carried out with the help of Metascape platform, and molecular docking verification was carried out. Results:Through searching the databases and literature, 78 compounds in Polygalae Radix - Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma medicinal pair were obtained, corresponding to 41 targets of different diseases with the same treatment. The GO function was mainly concentrated in response to lipopolysaccharide and cellular response to nitrogen compound. The KEGG pathway was mainly concentrated in lipid and atherosclerosis, calcium signaling pathway, serotonergic synapse, insulin resistance and so on. The core targets were PTGS2, ESR2, etc. Molecular docking showed that most of the core components could form stable conformation with the core targets. Conclusions:Polygalae Radix - Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma medicinal pair has the characteristics of multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway in the same treatment of depression and AD. Through their core components of senegenin, 1-carbobutoxy-β-carboline, 6-hydroxy-1,2,3,7-tetramethoxyxanthone, kaempferol and etc., the pair can act on PTGS2 and other targets, regulate lipid and atherosclerosis, calcium signaling pathway, serotonergic synapse, insulin resistance and so on, and play a therapeutic role in depression and Alzheimer's disease with the same treatment.

11.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 179-182, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989541

ABSTRACT

The emergence of immune checkpoint inhibitors holds new promise for patients with small cell lung cancer. Studies have found that PD-L1 expression, tumor mutation burden, genomic characteristics, peripheral blood parameters and other indicators can be used as prognostic predictors in patients with small cell lung cancer receiving immunotherapy. Further exploration and evaluation of relevant predictors can provide a reference for screening patients with potential benefits of immunotherapy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 572-578, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986929

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of salivary microbiota in patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Methods: A case-control study was applied to enroll 60 patients and healthy subjects who were outpatients of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of the Eighth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from December 2020 to March 2021, including 35 males and 25 females, aged from 21 to 80 (33.75±11.10) years. Thirty patients with suspected laryngopharyngeal reflux were selected as study group and thirty healthy volunteers without pharyngeal symptoms were selected as control group. Their salivary samples were collected, and the salivary microbiota was detected and analyzed by 16S rDNA sequencing. SPSS 18.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: There was no significant difference in the diversity of salivary microbiota between the two groups. At the phylum classification level, the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes in the study group was higher than that in the control group[37.86(31.15, 41.54)% vs 30.24(25.51, 34.18)%,Z=-3.46,P<0.01]. And the relative abundance of Proteobacteria in the study group was lower than that in the control group [15.76(11.81, 20.17)% vs 20.63(13.98, 28.82)%, Z=-1.98,P<0.05]. At the genus level, the relative abundance of Prevotella, Lactobacillus, Parascardovia and Sphingobium in the study group was higher than that in the control group(Z values were-2.92, -2.69, -2.05, -2.31, respectively, P<0.05).And the relative abundance of Streptococcus, Cardiobacterium, Klebsiella and Uruburuella of study group was lower than that of control group(Z values were -2.43, -2.32, -2.17, -2.32, respectively, P<0.05). LEfSe difference analysis showed that there were 39 bacteria with significant differences between the two groups, including Bacteroidetes, Prevotellaceae and Prevotella, which were enriched in the study group, and Streptococcaceae, Streptococcus and other taxa, which were enriched in the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion: The changes of the microflora in the saliva between LPR patients and healthy people suggest that the dysbacteriosis might exist in LPR patients, which may play an important role in the pathogenesis and development of LPR.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Microbiota , Outpatients , Saliva/microbiology
13.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 741-746, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985451

ABSTRACT

In 2021, a total of 151 pregnant women were selected from the suburb of Shanghai. A questionnaire survey was conducted to obtain data about maternal age, gestational week, total annual household income, education level and passive smoking among pregnant women and one spot urine was collected. The concentrations of eight neonicotinoid pesticides and four metabolites in urine were measured by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The differences in detection frequencies and concentrations of neonicotinoid pesticides and their metabolites among pregnant women with different characteristics were compared, and the influencing factors of the detection of neonicotinoid pesticides in urine were analyzed. The results showed that at least one neonicotinoid pesticide was detected in 93.4% (141 samples) of urine samples. The detection frequencies of N-desmethyl-acetamiprid, clothianidin, thiamethoxam, and N-desmethyl-clothianidin were high, about 78.1% (118 samples), 75.5% (114 samples), 68.9% (104 samples), and 44.4% (67 samples), respectively. The median concentration of the sum of all neonicotinoid pesticides was 2.66 μg/g. N-desmethyl-acetamiprid had the highest detection concentration with a median concentration of 1.04 μg/g. A lower urinary detection frequency of imidacloprid and its metabolites was seen in pregnant women aged 30-44 years [OR (95%CI): 0.23 (0.07-0.77)]. A higher detection frequency of clothianidin and its metabolites was seen in pregnant women with per capita annual household income≥100 000 yuan [OR (95%CI): 6.15 (1.56-24.28)]. There was widespread exposure to neonicotinoid pesticides and their metabolites in pregnant women from the suburb of Shanghai, which might pose potential health risks to pregnant women, and maternal age and household income were potential influencing factors of the exposure to neonicotinoid pesticides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pesticides/analysis , Pregnant Women , China , Neonicotinoids/analysis , Insecticides
14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 77-83, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970955

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the pathogenic mechanism of the miR-340/high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) axis in the formation of liver fibrosis. Methods: A rat liver fibrosis model was established by injecting CCl(4) intraperitoneally. miRNAs targeting and validating HMGB1 were selected with gene microarrays after screening the differentially expressed miRNAs in rats with normal and hepatic fibrosis. The effect of miRNA expressional changes on HMGB1 levels was detected by qPCR. Dual luciferase gene reporter assays (LUC) was used to verify the targeting relationship between miR-340 and HMGB1. The proliferative activity of the hepatic stellate cell line HSC-T6 was detected by thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay after co-transfection of miRNA mimics and HMGB1 overexpression vector, and the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins type I collagen and α-smooth muscle actin (SMA) was detected by western blot. Statistical analysis was performed by analysis of variance and the LSD-t test. Results: Hematoxylin-eosin and Masson staining results showed that the rat model of liver fibrosis was successfully established. Gene microarray analysis and bioinformatics prediction had detected eight miRNAs possibly targeting HMGB1, and animal model validation had detected miR-340. qPCR detection results showed that miR-340 had inhibited the expression of HMGB1, and a luciferase complementation assay suggested that miR-340 had targeted HMGB1. Functional experiments results showed that HMGB1 overexpression had enhanced cell proliferation activity and the expression of type I collagen and α-SMA, while miR-340 mimics had not only inhibited cell proliferation activity and the expression of HMGB1, type I collagen, and α-SMA, but also partially reversed the promoting effect of HMGB1 on cell proliferation and ECM synthesis. Conclusion: miR-340 targets HMGB1 to inhibit the proliferation and ECM deposition in hepatic stellate cells and plays a protective role during the process of liver fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Proliferation , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Fibrosis , Hepatic Stellate Cells , HMGB1 Protein/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 171-176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical phenotype and genetic basis for a child with acute form of tyrosinemia type I (TYRSN1).@*METHODS@#A child with TYRSN1 who presented at the Gansu Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital in October 2020 was selected as the subject. The child was subjected to tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS) and urine gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) for the detection of inherited metabolic disorders, in addition with whole exome sequencing (WES). Candidate variants were validated by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The child's clinical features included abdominal distension, hepatomegaly, anemia and tendency of bleeding. By mass spectrometry analysis, her serum and urine tyrosine and succinylacetone levels have both exceeded the normal ranges. WES and Sanger sequencing revealed that she has harbored c.1062+5G>A and c.943T>C (p.Cys315Arg) compound heterozygous variants of the FAH gene, which were inherited from her father and mother, respectively. Among these, the c.943T>C was unreported previously.@*CONCLUSION@#Considering her clinical phenotype and result of genetic testing, the child was diagnosed with TYRSN1 (acute type). The compound heterozygous variants of the FAH gene probably underlay the disease in this child. Above finding has further expanded the spectrum of FAH gene variants, and provided a basis for accurate treatment, genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for her family.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Child , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Genetic Testing , Mutation , Phenotype , Prenatal Diagnosis , Tyrosinemias/genetics
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 386-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965708

ABSTRACT

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is one of the most common microvascular complications occurring in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, which often results in patients suffering from severe hyperalgesia and allodynia. Up to now, the clinical therapeutic effect of DPN is still unsatisfactory. Metformin is an anti-diabetic drug that has been safely and widely used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes for decades. Studies have shown that metformin can improve pain caused by DPN, but its effects on the nerve conduction velocity and morphology of the sciatic nerve of DPN, and the mechanism for improving DPN are not clear. Therefore, the STZ-induced model of type 1 DPN in SD rats was used to study the effects of metformin on DPN, and to preliminarily explore its mechanism in this study. All animal experiments were carried out with approval of the Experimental Animal Welfare Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica (Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College). After the model was established successfully, STZ diabetic rats were randomly divided into a model group and a metformin treatment group, and 10 normal SD rats were selected as the normal control group, and the rats were intragastrically administered for 12 weeks. The results showed that metformin significantly reduced blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, food consumption and water consumption in STZ rats. Metformin markedly increased the motor nerve conduction velocity and mechanical stabbing pain threshold, prolonged the hot plate latency threshold, and improved the pathological morphological abnormalities of the sciatic nerve in STZ rats. In addition, metformin increased the content of glutathione (GSH), enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), and reduced the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in serum and sciatic nerve of STZ diabetic rats, as well as regulating the expression of genes related to oxidative stress in the sciatic nerve. Metformin obviously reduced the levels of pro-inflammatory factors such as tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 in the serum in STZ rats, and inhibited the gene expression of these inflammatory factors in the sciatic nerve. In summary, metformin significantly increased nerve conduction velocity, improved sciatic nerve morphological abnormalities and pain in DPN rats, which may be related to its effect in improving oxidative stress and reducing inflammation.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 850-854, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982140

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the causes of ineffectiveness of platelet transfusion with monoclonal antibody solid phase platelet antibody test (MASPAT) matching in patients with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and explore the strategies of platelet transfusion.@*METHODS@#A case of donor-specific HLA antibodies (DSA) induced by transfusion which ultimately resulted in transplantation failure and ineffective platelet transfusion with MASPAT matching was selected, and the causes of ineffective platelet transfusion and platelet transfusion strategy were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The 32-year-old female patient was diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia (high risk) in another hospital with the main symptoms of fever and leukopenia, who should be admitted for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after remission by chemotherapy. In the course of chemotherapy, DSA was generated due to platelet transfusion, and had HLA gene loci incompatible with the donor of the first transplant, leading to the failure of the first transplant. The patient received platelet transfusion for several times before and after transplantation, and the results showed that the effective rate of MASPAT matched platelet transfusion was only 35.3%. Further analysis showed that the reason for the ineffective platelet transfusion was due to the missed detection of antibodies by MASPAT method. During the second hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the DSA-negative donor was selected, and the matching platelets but ineffective transfusion during the primary transplantation were avoided. Finally, the patient was successfully transplanted and discharged from hospital.@*CONCLUSIONS@#DSA can cause graft failure or render the graft ineffective. For the platelet transfusion of patients with DSA, the platelet transfusion strategy with matching type only using MASPAT method will miss the detection of antibodies, resulting in invalid platelet transfusion.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Platelet Transfusion , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Retrospective Studies , HLA Antigens , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
18.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 193-199, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981854

ABSTRACT

Talent is one of the basic and strategic supports for building a modern socialist country in all aspects. Since the 1980s, the establishment of forensic medicine major and the cultivation of innovative talents in forensic medicine have become hot topics in higher education in forensic medicine. Over the past 43 years, the forensic medicine team of Shanxi Medical University has adhered to the joint education of public security and colleges, and made collaborative innovation, forming a training mode of "One Combination, Two Highlights, Three Combinations, Four in One" for innovative talents in forensic medicine. It has carried out "5+3/X" integrated reform, and formed a relatively complete talent training innovation mode and management system in teaching, scientific research, identification, major, discipline, team, platform and cultural construction. It has made a historic contribution to China's higher forensic education, accumulated valuable experience for the construction of first-class major and first-class discipline of forensic medicine, and provided strong support for the construction of the national new forensic talent training system. The popularization of this training mode is conducive to the rapid and sustainable development of forensic science, and provides more excellent forensic talents for national building, regional social development and the discipline construction of forensic science.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forensic Medicine/education , Aptitude
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 572-576, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981791

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology for a fetus with Walker-Warburg syndrome(WWS).@*METHODS@#A fetus with WWS diagnosed at Gansu Provincial Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in June 9, 2021 was selected as the study subject. Genomic DNA was extracted from amniotic fluid sample of the fetus and peripheral blood samples from its parents. Trio-Whole exome sequencing (trio-WES) was carried out. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was found to harbor compound heterozygous variants of the POMT2 gene, namely c.471delC (p.F158Lfs*42) and c.1975C>T (p.R659W), which were respectively inherited from its father and mother. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), they were respectively rated as pathogenic (PVS1+PM2_Supporting+PP4) and likely pathogenic (PM2_Supporting+PM3+PP3_Moderate+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#Trio-WES may be used for the prenatal diagnosis of WWS. The compound heterozygous variants of the POMT2 gene probably underlay the disorder in this fetus. Above finding has expanded the mutational spectrum of the POMT2 gene and enabled definite diagnosis and genetic counseling for the family.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Child , Female , Humans , Walker-Warburg Syndrome , Prenatal Diagnosis , Fetus , Genetic Counseling , Genomics , Mutation
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3556-3564, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981487

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect of Gualou Xiebai Decoction on rats with bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. The rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a low-dose Gualou Xiebai Decoction group(2.4 g·kg~(-1)), a high-dose Gualou Xiebai Decoction group(4.8 g·kg~(-1)), and pirfenidone group(150 mg·kg~(-1)). The model of pulmonary fibrosis was established by intratracheal instillation of bleomycin in all groups, except the control group. Since the second day of modeling, the corresponding drugs were given to rats by intragastric administration, once a day for 14 d and 28 d. The hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to evaluate the degree of inflammatory injury in lung tissues. The immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of CD68 and CD163 in lung tissues of rats. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-10(IL-10) in serum and brochoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expression of pyroptosis-related genes in lung tissues of rats was detected by qRT-PCR. The results of HE staining and immunofluorescence staining showed that the lung tissue structure was normal in the control group. In addition, there were alveolar collapse or even closure in lung tissues of rats in the model group, with obvious inflammatory cell infiltration, and the expression of CD68 and CD163 was significantly up-regulated. As compared with the model group, the lung tissue structure of rats in the Gualou Xiebai Decoction groups was significantly improved, with alleviated inflammation, and the expression of CD68 and CD163 was decreased. As compared with the control group, the level of TNF-α in serum and BALF of rats in the model group was significantly increased(P<0.01), the mRNA expression levels of alpha smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), collagen type Ⅰ alpha 1 chain(Col1a1), caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18, gasdermin D(Gsdmd), and NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3(NLRP3) in lung tissues were significantly increased(P<0.05, P<0.01), and the mRNA expression level of E-cadherin was significantly decreased(P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the level of TNF-α in serum and BALF was significantly down-regulated in the high-dose Gualou Xiebai Decoction group(P<0.05, P<0.01), and that of IL-10 was up-regulated(P<0.05, P<0.01). The mRNA expression levels of α-SMA, Col1a1, caspase-1, IL-18, Gsdmd, NLRP3 and IL-1β in lung tissues were significantly decreased(P<0.05, P<0.01) in the high-dose Gualou Xiebai Decoction group, and the mRNA expression level of E-cadherin was significantly increased(P<0.05, P<0.01). In conclusion, Gualou Xiebai Decoction can down-regulate the levels of inflammatory factors and related genes and effectively mitigate pulmonary fibrosis by regulating the pyroptosis pathways.

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