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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the differences in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors between only-child and non-only-child adolescents with mood disorders.@*METHODS@#A three-stage sampling method was used to perform a cross-sectional survey of 529 adolescents, aged 12-18 years, who had mood disorders and NSSI behaviors. These adolescents were sampled from the outpatient service of 20 mental hospitals in 9 provinces of China from August to November 2020. A self-made questionnaire was used to collect general demographic data. The Functional Assessment of Self-Mutilation, Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, Stress Mindset Measure-General, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scales, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were used to collect the information on self-injury behaviors and psychological factors in these adolescents.@*RESULTS@#A total of 529 adolescents with mood disorders and NSSI behaviors were surveyed, among whom 375 were only-child adolescents and 154 were non-only-child adolescents. Compared with the non-only-child group, the only-child group had a significantly higher total score of Functional Assessment of Self-Mutilation (P<0.05) .The type and frequency of self-injury in the only-child group were significantly higher than those in the non-only-child group (P<0.05). Psychological analysis showed that compared with the non-only-child group, the only-child group had a significantly lower score of self-esteem (P<0.05) and significantly higher scores of psychological distress and depressive symptoms (P<0.05). The multiple linear regression analysis showed that the score of suicidal ideation was positively correlated with the frequency of NSSI behaviors in both only-child and non-only-child adolescents with mood disorders (P<0.05); in the only-child adolescents, the level of self-esteem was negatively correlated with the frequency of NSSI behaviors (P<0.05), and the score of stress perception was positively correlated with the frequency of NSSI behaviors (P<0.05); in the non-only-child adolescents, the score of anxious emotion was positively correlated with the frequency of NSSI behaviors (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Among the adolescents with mood disorders and NSSI behaviors, the only-child adolescents tend to have a higher frequency of self-injury and poorer mental health, and therefore, the only-child adolescents with mood disorders and NSSI behaviors need more attention.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Mood Disorders , Risk Factors , Self Mutilation , Self-Injurious Behavior/psychology , Suicide, Attempted/psychology
2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1124-1131, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902439

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of CT-guided microcoil localization of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) for guiding video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). @*Materials and Methods@#Between June 2016 and October 2019, 454 consecutive patients with 501 SPNs who received CTguided microcoil localization before VATS in our institution were enrolled. The diameter of the nodules was 0.93 ± 0.49 cm, and the shortest distance from the nodules to the pleura was 1.41 ± 0.95 cm. The distal end of the microcoil was placed less than 1 cm away from the nodule, and the proximal end was placed outside the visceral pleura. VATS was performed under the guidance of implanted microcoils without the aid of intraoperative fluoroscopy. @*Results@#All 501 nodules were marked with microcoils. The time required for microcoil localization was 12.8 ± 5.2 minutes. Microcoil localization-related complications occurred in 179 cases (39.4%). None of the complications required treatment. A total of 463 nodules were successfully resected under the guidance of implanted microcoils. VATS revealed 38 patients with dislocated microcoils, of which 28 underwent wedge resection (21 cases under the guidance of the bleeding points of pleural puncture, 7 cases through palpation), 5 underwent direct lobectomy, and the remaining 5 underwent a conversion to thoracotomy. In 4 cases, a portion of the microcoil remained in the lung parenchyma. @*Conclusion@#CT-guided microcoil localization of SPNs is safe and reliable. Marking the nodule and pleura simultaneously with microcoils can effectively guide the resection of SPNs using VATS without the aid of intraoperative fluoroscopy.

3.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1124-1131, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894735

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of CT-guided microcoil localization of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) for guiding video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). @*Materials and Methods@#Between June 2016 and October 2019, 454 consecutive patients with 501 SPNs who received CTguided microcoil localization before VATS in our institution were enrolled. The diameter of the nodules was 0.93 ± 0.49 cm, and the shortest distance from the nodules to the pleura was 1.41 ± 0.95 cm. The distal end of the microcoil was placed less than 1 cm away from the nodule, and the proximal end was placed outside the visceral pleura. VATS was performed under the guidance of implanted microcoils without the aid of intraoperative fluoroscopy. @*Results@#All 501 nodules were marked with microcoils. The time required for microcoil localization was 12.8 ± 5.2 minutes. Microcoil localization-related complications occurred in 179 cases (39.4%). None of the complications required treatment. A total of 463 nodules were successfully resected under the guidance of implanted microcoils. VATS revealed 38 patients with dislocated microcoils, of which 28 underwent wedge resection (21 cases under the guidance of the bleeding points of pleural puncture, 7 cases through palpation), 5 underwent direct lobectomy, and the remaining 5 underwent a conversion to thoracotomy. In 4 cases, a portion of the microcoil remained in the lung parenchyma. @*Conclusion@#CT-guided microcoil localization of SPNs is safe and reliable. Marking the nodule and pleura simultaneously with microcoils can effectively guide the resection of SPNs using VATS without the aid of intraoperative fluoroscopy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913073

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of Spirometra mansoni infections in hosts in Jiangsu Province, so as to provide the scientific basis for the management of sparganosis mansoni. Methods From 2018 to 2019, nine counties (cities, districts) were randomly selected from Jiangsu Province as the survey sites, and 100 healthy individuals were randomly selected to perform the serological test of S. mansoni infections and the detection of S. mansoni eggs. The procercoids were detected in the intermediate host Cyclops, and the S. mansoni eggs were identified in the stool samples of the definitive hosts cats and dogs. Results The prevalence of S. mansoni human infections was 0 (0/900) in the 9 survey sites of Jiangsu Province, and the sero-prevalence of the specific IgG antibody against S. mansoni was 1.22% (11/900). The positive rate of procercoids was 0.33% (3/900) in Cyclops. In addition, the S. mansoni egg-positive rate was 1.48% (2/135) in cats and dogs. Conclusions Sparganosis mansoni is prevalent in Jiangsu Province. Health education pertaining to the damages of sparganosis mansoni and the route of S. mansoni infections should be improved.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effects and mechanism of Chinese herbal compound Tongxinluo Capsule (, TXL) on the Parkin-mediated mitophagy and the ubiquitin-proteasome system in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI).@*METHODS@#Seventy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 7 groups: sham group, MIRI group, low- and high-dose TXL (0.5 and 1 g·kg@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham group, the MIRI group exhibited a larger infarcted area (27.13%±0.01%, P<0.01), a higher apoptotic index (34.33%±2.03% vs.1.81%±0.03%, P<0.01), and higher cTnI expression (14.18±1.01 vs. 7.96±0.32, P<0.01). The mitochondrial integrity was damaged in the MIRI group, while TXL and ATV alleviated the damage of MIRI. More autophagosomes were observed in the high-dose TXL group than in the MIRI group (7.00±0.58 vs. 4.33±1.15, P<0.05). More amounts of PTEN-induced putative kinase protein 1 (PINK1) and Parkin translocated onto the mitochondria were detected in the high-dose TXL group than in the MIRI group (P<0.05). The ubiquitin response was signifificantly downregulated in the high-dose TXL group relative to the MIRI group (P<0.05). CQ administration abolished the activation of autophagy flux and the PINK1/ Parkin pathway induced by high-dose of TXL.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TXL ameliorates MIRI via activating Parkin-mediated mitophagy in rats. The downregulation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system is also involved.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883987

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of amnestic mild cognitive impairment of rural elderly in Guizhou province, which aims to provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of cognitive impairment in the elderly.Methods:Adopting a multi-stage cluster sampling method, a total of 1 535 rural Han and Bouyei elderly people aged 60 and above were selected from Guiyang city and Qiannan prefecture in Guizhou province as the survey subjects for the current situation survey, including demographic sociological characteristics, such as social was utilized behavior, social behavior disease history, height and weight and so on.Mini-mental state examination was utilized to measure cognitive function and SPSS 26.0 statistical software was used to perform χ 2 inspection and multivariate unconditional Logistics regression analysis to calculate odds ratio ( OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Results:A total of 242 elderly patients with aMCI were detected (15.8%). The results of univariate analysis showed that ethnicity(χ 2=4.333, P<0.05), gender(χ 2=18.367, P<0.01), marital status(χ 2=9.721, P<0.01), occupation(χ 2=7.786, P<0.01), annual family income(χ 2=28.085, P<0.01), current smoking(χ 2=11.873, P<0.01), specific hobbies(χ 2=25.968, P<0.01), physical exercise(χ 2=11.871, P<0.01), living style(χ 2=13.190, P<0.01), and activity participation(χ 2=13.004, P<0.01) all had an impact on aMCI. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that Bouyei nationality( P<0.05, β=0.288, OR=1.333, 95% CI=1.002-1.775) and the women( P<0.05, β=0.516, OR=1.676, 95% CI=1.233-2.278)were risk factors for aMCI, and high annual family income( P<0.05, β=-0.839, OR=0.432, 95% CI=0.308-0.606), specific hobbies( P<0.05, β=-0.580, OR=0.560, 95% CI= 0.394-0.795), physical exercise( P<0.05, β=-0.410, OR=0.664, 95% CI=0.493-0.894), participation in activities( P<0.05, β=-0.424, OR=0.654, 95% CI=0.488-0.877), and non-living alone( P<0.05, β=-0.563, OR=0.569, 95% CI= 0.374-0.866) were the protective factors.Comparison of the prevalence of the disease between the Han and Bouyei nationalities, the detection rate of aMCI for the Bouyei elderly (18.0%) was higher than that of the Han (14.1%) (χ 2=4.333, P<0.05). After stratification according to gender, family annual income, specific hobbies, physical exercise, participation in activities and living style, the detection rate of elderly female subjects of Bouyei nationality was higher than that of Han nationality, whose difference was statistically significant (χ 2=5.562, P<0.05). The detection rate of Bouyei elderly was higher than that of Han when the annual household income was less than 30 000, and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=8.570, P<0.01). Conclusion:The incidence of aMCI among the elderly of Bouyei nationality is higher, and the incidence of aMCI among females is higher than that of males, which should be paid more attention to.It is of vital importance to strengthen health education and publicity, guide the formation of knowledge-belief-behavior health-related behavior patterns, so as to improve the quality of life and reduce the risk of cognitive impairment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910803

ABSTRACT

Objective:To synthesize a 68Ga-labeled oxalyldiaminopropionic acid (ODAP)-urea based prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) targeting probe, and evaluate its properties in vitro and in vivo. Methods:Ligand P151 was synthesized by solid-phase synthesis and its Ki value was determined. The ligand P151 was added into the mixture of 68GaCl 3 and NaOAc solution and was reacted at 95 ℃ for 10 min. The labeling yield and in vitro stability of 68Ga-P151 were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The lipid-water partition coefficient (log P) and cell binding ability were determined. The biodistribution of 68Ga-P151 in normal KM mice was determined. MicroPET imaging of 68Ga-P151 was carried out in prostate cancer 22Rv1 tumor-bearing mice and compared with 68Ga-PSMA 617. Independent sample t test was used to analyze the data. Results:P151 was successfully synthesized with the Ki of 0.58 nmol/L, the labeling yield more than 95% and the radiochemical purity more than 95%. After placement in saline or human serum albumin (HSA) solution at 37 ℃ for 2 h, the radiochemical purity of 68Ga-P151 was still more than 95%, indicating a good stability in vitro. The lipid-water partition coefficient (log P) of 68Ga-P151 was -2.65±0.17, indicating a good hydrophilicity. 68Ga-P151 specifically bound to PSMA in prostate cancer LNCaP cells with the uptake value of (0.83±0.04) percentage injection activity (%IA)/10 5 cells. Biodistribution of normal mice showed that 68Ga-P151 was mainly excreted through kidneys and other organs showed low uptake. MicroPET imaging of tumor-bearing mice showed the maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max: 0.79±0.23 vs 0.54±0.05; t=2.12), tumor/kidney ratio (2.04±0.65 vs 1.88±0.33; t=0.44) and tumor/muscle ratio (12.83±5.18 vs 6.95±1.63; t=2.17) between 68Ga-P151 and 68Ga-PSMA 617 were not significantly different (all P>0.05). Conclusions:68Ga-P151 can be prepared simply and labeled in high yield and show improved pharmacokinetic properties in vivo. The imaging of 68Ga-P151 on PSMA positive tumor is comparable to that of 68Ga-PSMA 617, making it a potential radiopharmaceutical for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 342-346, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871549

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the surgical technique and clinical effect of pressure boost in repairing soft tissue defects of limbs with thinned anterolateral thigh perforator flap (ALTP) .Methods:From January, 2015 to December, 2018, 18 cases with soft tissue defects of limbs with various damages of blood vessels and nerves with explosure of tendon and bone. There were 13 males and 5 females aged between 18 to 56 (averaged of 36.3) years, which were 6 defects in shank, 4 in foot and ankle, 5 in forearm, and 3 in hand. The soft tissue defect area was 7 cm ×12 cm to 13 cm ×30 cm. Thinned ALTP was used to repair the wound surface. The perforating vessels of the distal flap were anastomosed with one branch of the internal vessel pedicle flap to increase the pressure hence the blood supply of the distal region. The donor sites were sutured directly or covered by skin graft. Followed-up was conducted by 1-2 monthly clinic visits and telephone or on-line review to check the flap survival and recovery of functions.Results:All flaps survived without arterial or venous crisis. One flap had partial necrosis at the distal end, and healed after dressing change. One case had a swelling flap due to a congestion beneath the flap. The wound achieved primary healing after removal of sutures, ligation of subcutaneous vessels and drainage of hematoma. All patients were followed-up for 6 to 18 (average, 9.5) months. All flaps had good appearance and texture. After rehabilitation treatment, most of the joint activity had been recovered: extension and flexion of wrists joints ranged 60°-80°, 70°-80° for metacarpophalangeal joints and 40°-60° for ankle joints. One patient underwent ankle joint dorsiflexion function reconstruction and flap thinning at 6 months after operation due to the defects of most of the extensor tendon.Conclusion:During the use of free ALTP to repair soft tissue defect of limbs, application of the technique of pressure boost is able to increase blood supply to the distal region of flap. It helps to reduce the incidence of infection and necrosis at the edge of the flap.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 318-324, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866122

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of combined exposure of fluorine, arsenic, and fluorine-arsenic on the signaling pathway related protein expression of tumor necrosis factor receptor-related factor 6 (TRAF-6)/nuclear factor κB1(NF-κB1) in a co-culture system of mouse osteoblasts MC3T3-E1 and mouse monocyte macrophage RAW264.7.Methods:MC3T3-E1 cells were co-cultured with RAW264.7 cells after induction with osteogenic inducers. The cells were cultured for 7 days in vitro, and different doses of sodium fluoride (0.0, 0.1, 0.4, 1.6 mmol/L NaF, F), sodium arsenite (0.0, 0.5, 2.5, 12.5 μmol/L NaAsO 2, As) and different doses of fluorine and arsenic were added to the culture medium and cultured for 24 h using factorial design. The expression levels of nuclear factor κB receptor activating factor (RANK), TRAF-6, NF-κB1, T cell activating factor (NFATc1), and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) protein were detected by Western blotting. Results:When fluorine was used alone, compared with the control group (F 0.0As 0.0, 1.00 ± 0.00), the expressions of RANK, NF-κB1 and TRAP proteins (1.11 ± 0.04, 1.29 ± 0.05, 1.38 ± 0.04, 1.24 ± 0.04, 1.13 ± 0.03, 1.34 ± 0.05, 1.12 ± 0.03, 1.24 ± 0.04, 1.61 ± 0.06) were increased ( P < 0.05); TRAF-6 protein expressions in F 0.1 and F 1.6 groups (1.23 ± 0.04, 1.35 ± 0.03) were increased ( P < 0.05). When arsenic was used alone, compared with the control group (F 0.0As 0.0), the expressions of RANK, TRAF-6, NF-κB1 proteins were increased in As 0.5 group ( P < 0.05), the expressions of RANK and NFATc1 proteins were reduced in As 12.5 group ( P < 0.05). When fluorine was combined with arsenic, at the same dose of fluorine, RANK protein expression in F 0.1As 0.5 group and TRAF-6 protein expression in F 0.1As 12.5, F 0.4As 0.5, F 0.4As 2.5 groups, NF-κB1 protein expression in F 0.1As 0.5 F 0.4As 2.5, F 0.4As 12.5 groups, NFATc1 protein expression in F 0.1As 0.5 and F 0.4As 0.5 groups, TRAP protein expression in F 0.1As 12.5 group were higher than the corresponding fluorine groups alone (F 0.1, F 0.4, P < 0.05), but lower than the sum of fluorine and arsenic alone. At the same dose of arsenic, RANK protein expression in F 0.1As 12.5 group, TRAF-6 protein expression in F 0.1As 12.5 and F 0.4As 2.5 groups, and NF-κB1 protein expression in F 0.1As 12.5, F 0.4As 2.5, F 0.4As 12.5, and F 1.6As 2.5 groups, TRAP protein expression in F 1.6As 2.5 and F 1.6As 12.5 groups were higher than the corresponding arsenic groups alone (As 2.5, As 12.5, P < 0.05), but lower than the sum of fluorine and arsenic alone. Fluorine had a major effect on the expressions of RANK, TRAF-6, NF-κB1, NFATc1, and TRAP proteins ( F=3.41, 341.73, 66.01, 56.49, 147.40, P < 0.05); arsenic also had a main effect on all protein indicators ( F=686.71, 174.96, 107.32, 235.80, 331.37, P < 0.05); the combined effect of fluorine and arsenic had an interaction effect on each protein indicator ( F=50.39, 234.94, 116.72, 67.77, 36.56, P < 0.05). Conclusions:In the co-culture system of MC3T3-E1 and RAW264.7 cells, fluorine can activate TRAF-6-mediated expression of NF-κB1 signaling pathway-related proteins, thereby promoting osteoclast differentiation; the effects of arsenic on the expression of related proteins are not completely consistent. The interaction of fluorine and arsenic exposure on TRAF-6-mediated expression of NF-κB1 signaling pathway-related proteins is mainly antagonistic.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734449

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of 68Ga-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-617 PET/CT in predicting high-risk prostate cancer.Methods From May 2016 to January 2017,30 patients (median age 67 years) with biopsy-proven prostate cancer were included.The 68Ga-PSMA-617 PET/CT images and clinical data of all patients were analyzed retrospectively.According to prostate cancer risk stratification criteria of National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Guidelines (including Gleason scores,prostate specific antigen (PSA)),all patients were classified into low-moderate-risk group and high-riak group.PET images were analyzed semi-quantitatively and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of primary prostate cancer was measured.SUVmax of 68Ga-PSMA-617 PET/CT was used to establish logistic regression model for predicting high-risk prostate cancer,and the diagnostic efficiency of the model was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.Results The median Gleason score of 30 patients was 7.5 (7,9),and the median PSA was 34.0 (19.4,119.1) μg/L,including 9 patients with PSA≤ 20 μg/L and 21 patients with PSA>20 μg/L.According to the NCCN Guidelines,there were 24 patients with high-risk prostate cancer and 6 patients with low-moderate-risk prostate cancer.SUVmax was higher in high-risk group than that in low-moderate-risk group (14.2 (11.4,23.1) vs 7.9 (3.8,13.1);u =118,P< 0.05).Logistic regression model established with SUVmax could effectively predict high-risk prostate cancer with the area under ROC curve of 0.819.When the cut-off value was set as 0.73,the sensitivity and specificity of the model were 87.5%(21/24) and 4/6 respectively.Conclusion SUVmax of 68Ga-PSMA-617 PET/CT can be used as an imaging biomarker for predicting high-risk prostate cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805859

ABSTRACT

@#This study aims to explore the involvement of c-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK)-Gap junction regulation in the rat model of bone cancer pain and figure out whether adenosine 5′-monophosphate(AMP)-activated protein kinase(AMPK )activator metformin could attenuate bone cancer pain through this mechanism. Tumor cell implantation(TCI)induced bone cancer pain model in rats was established. The rats were administered, respectively, with 20 μL of metformin(50, 100 μg), JNK inhibitor SP600125(10 μg), gap junction inhibitor(carbenoxolone, CBX)(10 μg)and AMPK inhibitor Compound C(CC)(10 μg). The Von Frey Assay was applied to test the mechanical pain threshold. The activity of Glial fibrillary acidic protein(GFAP), ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1(IBA-1)and Connexin 43(Cx43)in spinal cord was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Changes of p-JNK expression were detected by Western blot. JNK inhibitor SP600125 relieved TCI-induced bone cancer pain significantly in rats, while this analgesic effect was almost canceled by the blocker of gap junction carbenoxolone(CBX). Various concentration of metformin(50, 100 μg, i. t. )significantly inhibited TCI-induced mechanical allodynia and the changes of p-JNK and p-Cx43 expression were also reversed in spinal cord in rats. Together, these data suggested that activation of AMPK with metformin attenuated TCI-induced bone cancer pain via regulating the function of JNK-Gap junction in rats.

12.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 537-542, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756033

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of high frequency repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on learning and memory in rats with global cerebral ischemia and to investigate its mechanism.Methods Thirty-five male Sprague-Dawley rats (8-10 weeks old) were randomly divided into sham operation group (n=8),model group (n=9),sham-rTMS (s-rTMS) group (n=9) and rTMS group (n=9).The global cerebral ischemia model was established by modified four-vessel occlusion method.The rTMS group received 10 Hz rTMS stimulation for two weeks,whereas the s-rTMS group received sham stimulation.Morris water maze test was used to detect the spatial learning ability,multi-channel recording technique was used to detect the local field potentials in the hippocampus CA1 region of theta and gamma oscillation,and immunohistochemical staining and Western blotting were used to detect the expression of protein kinase A (PKA) and phosphorylated cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element binding protein (p-CREB) of hippocampus.Results The average escape latency in the model group was longer than that in the sham operation group ((35.16±0.80) s vs (16.57±0.74) s,k=3.723,P=0.013),the spanning platform times and the original platform quadrant swimming time in the model group were shorter than that in the sham operation group (1.14±0.42 vs 4.46±0.23,k=3.185,P=0.042;(14.46±0.73) s vs (29.31±0.42) s,k=3.027,P=0.047).Compared with the sham operation group,the mean power spectral density of theta and gamma reduced ((-68.48±2.61) Hz vs (-59.38±2.25) Hz,k=2.958,P=0.048;(-82.23±4.60) Hz vs (-70.50±4.25) Hz,k=3.729,P=0.021),and the expression of PKA and p-CREB protein decreased in the model group (7 184.26±975.12 vs 25 137.35±1 010.62,k=3.588,P=0.027;1 803.73±336.18 vs 20 175.25±727.23,k=2.912,P=0.049).The average escape latency in the rTMS group was shorter than that in the model group ((24.69± 1.01) s vs (35.16±0.80) s,k=4.082,P=0.034),and the spanning platform times and the original platform quadrant swimming time in the rTMS group was longer than that in the model group (2.42±0.31 vs 1.14±0.42,k=3.296,P=0.039;(23.07±0.67) s vs (14.46±0.73) s,k=4.323,P=0.012).Compared with the rTMS group,the power spectral density of theta and gamma reduced ((-63.81±3.12) Hz vs (-68.48±2.61) Hz,k=3.582,P=0.015;(-75.80±4.58) Hz vs (-82.23±4.60) Hz,k=4.051,P=0.026),and the expression of PKA and p-CREB protein decreased in the model group (13 065.32±1 045.18 vs 7 184.26±975.12,k=3.923,P=0.031;11 032.83±562.86 vs 18 03.73±336.18,k=3.178,P=0.038).Conclusion High frequency rTMS could improve learning and memory of global cerebral ischemia rats,the mechanism of which might be that rTMS enhance the hippocampal theta and gamma oscillations and increase the expression of PKA and p-CREB protein in the hippocampus,thus increasing the hippocampus synaptic plasticity.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2418-2423, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817152

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the awareness and attitude of medical representative registration system among pharmaceutical marketers in Guiyang city.  METHODS: A self-designed questionnaire survey about the awareness (full point 100) and attitude (total points ranged 17-85) of medical representative registration system was conducted among pharmaceutical marketers selected by the stratified random sampling in the six districts of Guiyang city, and the difference of awareness and attitude scores were compared among pharmaceutical marketers with different characteristics (12 aspects), and relevant suggestions were made. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: A total of 220 questionaires were sent out, and 220 questionaires were collected among which there were 205 valid questionaires (effective rate of 93.2%). Total awareness score of 205 pharmaceutical marketers was(55.17±21.20)points, with average correct rate of 55.17%. Pharmaceutical marketers from pharmaceutical companies scored significantly higher than those from other pharmaceutical companies; pharmaceutical marketers who mainly promoted prescription drugs scored significantly higher than those who mainly promoted other types of pharmaceutical products; pharmaceutical marketers who set up city public hospitals as the target market scored significantly higher than those who set up other markets; pharmaceutical marketers who learned about the system from media reports scored significantly higher than those who learned about the system from other sources, above 4 were with statistical significance (P<0.05). Meanwhile, overall attitude scores (higher score means higher recognition) of 205 pharmaceutical marketers were (58.76±12.84) with average score rate of 69.13%; the score of pharmaceutical marketers who learned about the system from media reports was significantly lower than other pathways, the score of pharmaceutical marketers who had received training was significantly higher than those who hadn’t, the score of pharmaceutical marketers in the enterprises where formulated countermeasure plans was significantly higher than those in the enterprises where hadn’t formulated, above 3 were with statistical significance (P<0.05). The knowledge level of Guiyang pharmaceutical marketers on the registration system of medical representatives needs to be improved. The marketers generally took positive attitude towards the policy, and believed that medical institutions, pharmaceutical companies and medical representatives would benefit from it. To promote the construction of pharmaceutical marketing compliance, medical institutions, pharmaceutical companies and pharmaceutical marketers should take the initiative to cooperate with the formulation and implementation of medical representative  registration system.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816290

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution characteristics and risk factors of HPV infection in the cervical intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN)cohort in Shanxi Province.METHODS: From June to December 2014,40,000 married women under the age of 65 years in Shanxi were screened for cervical cancer,and the abnormal cervical fluid-based cytology(TCT)was excluded.Gland microscopy and histopathological examination were performed.Finally a total of 2304 women were included in the study.Questionnaires were used to collect demographic characteristics and factors related to cervical cancer,and HPV typing was performed by flow-through hybridization.RESULTS: Among the 2304 subjects,the HPV infection age range was 36-40 years old;the top 5 HPV infection rates were HPV16/58/52/53/51.The top 5 HPV infectionrates in CIN2 及 以 上 were HPV16/58/31/33/52. HPV single infection accounted for 23.13%,multiple infection accounted for 9.51%,and with the increase of cervical lesion,degree HPV single infection rate and multiple infection rate also increased.Multivariate analysis showed that the risk of HPV infection in those who were educated for ≤ 9 years was 1.236 times(95% CI 1.029-1.484)of those who were educated for >9 years;the risk of HPV infection in the women with non-menstrual use of pads was 1.328 times(95% CI 1.016~1.736)of menopausal women,the risk of HPV infection in non-menopausalwomen was 2.407 times of those without(95% CI 2.012-2.880).CONCLUSION:s The high-risk age of HPV infection in Shanxi is 36-40 years old;the most common type of HPV infection is HPV16/58/52/53/51;the most pathogenic type is HPV16,58,31,33,52,whose distribution characteristics are different from those of other areas;short-term education,non-menopause,and non-menstrual use of pads are high-risk factors for HPV infection.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 96-100, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744259

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of three mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors on the expressions of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1),α-smooth actin (α-SMA) mRNA and protein in human liver stellate cells (LX-2 cells) activated by sodium arsenite.Methods Cultured in vitro LX-2 cells in the logarithmic growth stage were exposed to sodium arsenite at 0.0 (control),2.5,5.0,10.0,20.0,40.0,80.0 μmol/L for 24 h,respectively,and the cell survival rate was determined by CCK-8 assay.According to the results of the study,LX-2 cells were divided into 5 groups:control group,sodium arsenite group,extracellular signal regulation kinase (ERK) inhibition group,c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibition group,and p38 inhibition group.LX-2 cells were pre-treated with 10.0 μmol/L ERK,JNK,p38 kinase inhibitors (PD98059,SP600125,SB203580) for 30 min in the 3 inhibition groups,and then 20.0 μmol/L sodium arsenite for 24 h.The control group was not treated with sodium arsenite and inhibitors.Sodium arsenite group was not treated with inhibitors.Then mRNA and protein expression levels of TGF-β1 and α-SMA in LX-2 cells were determined by Western blotting and real-time PCR,respectively.Results The survival rates of LX-2 cells in 5.0,10.0,20.0,40.0,80.0 μmol/L sodium arsenite groups were [(92.35 ± 0.92)%,(84.06 ± 0.84)%,(74.27 ± 0.74)%,(59.57 ± 0.60)%,(27.77 ± 0.23)%],which were significantly lower than that of the control group [(100.00 ± 0.00)%,P < 0.05].It was found that the expressions of TGF-β1,o-SMA mRNA and protein of sodium arsenite group were higher than those of the control group (P < 0.01).The expressions of TGF-β1,α-SMA mRNA and protein of the three inhibition groups were lower than those of the sodium arsenite group (P < 0.05).Conclusions Arsenic exposure can cause abnormally high expressions of TGF-β1,α-SMA mRNA and protein in LX-2 cells.Intervention with three MAPK inhibitors can improve the effects of arsenic induced LX-2 cells activation on the expressions of TGF-β1,α-SMA mRNA and protein.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805991

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the characteristics of genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Yunnan province, and provide the molecular epidemiological evidence for prevention and control of tuberculosis in Yunnan Province.@*Methods@#Mycobacterium Tuberculosis isolates were collected from 6 prefectures of Yunnan province in 2014 and their Genetypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were obtained using spoligotyping and multiple locus variable numbers of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA). The results of spoligotyping were entered into the SITVITWEB database to obtain the Spoligotyping International Type (SIT) patterns and the sublineages of MTB isolates. The genoyping patterns were clustered with BioNumerics (version 5.0).@*Results@#A total of 271 MTB isolates represented patients were collected from six prefectures in Yunnan province. Out of these patients, 196 (72.3%) were male. The mean age of the patients was (41.9±15.1) years. The most MTB isolates were from Puer, totally 94 iusolates(34.69%). Spoligotyping analysis revealed that 151 (55.72%) MTB isolates belonged to the Beijing genotype, while the other 120 (44.28%) were from non-Beijing genotype; 40 genotypes were consisted of 24 unique genotypes and 16 clusters. The 271 isolates were differentiated into 30 clusters (2 to 17 isolates per cluster) and 177 unique genotypes, showing a clustering rate of 23.62%. Beijing genotype strains showed higher clustering rate than non-Beijing genotype strains (29.14% vs 16.67%). The HGI of 12-locus VNTR in total MTB strains, Beijing genotype strains and non-Beijing genotype was 0.993, 0.982 and 0.995 respectively.@*Conclusion@#The Beijing genotype was the predominant genotype in Yunnan Province, the characteristics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis showed high genetic diversity. The genotyping data reflect the potential recent ongoing transmission in some area, which highlights the urgent need for early diagnosis and treatment of the infectious TB cases, to cut off the transmission and avoid a large TB outbreak.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709018

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between blood lipid levels and cerebrovascular hemodynamic indices (CVHI) in a young and middle?aged population, and to identify reference values for early warning of stroke. Method Between June 2015 and June 2016, a total of 6 252 young and middle?aged patients were assessed for cerebrovascular function in The Health Management Center of Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University. Patients were divided into abnormal and normal blood lipid groups. Differences in CVHI indicators and scores between the groups were determined, and factors influencing CVHI indices were compared using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results Mean (Vmean), maximum (Vmax), and minimum blood flow velocity (Vmin) and cumulative scores for CVHI indices in the abnormal blood lipid group were significantly lower than in the normal blood lipid group (P<0.001). However, pulse wave velocity, characteristic impedance, peripheral vascular resistance, dynamic resistance, critical pressure, and differences between diastolic blood pressure and critical pressure were greater than those in the normal blood lipid group (P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that a high triglyceride level, overweight or obesity, high systolic blood pressure, high diastolic blood pressure, and age were risk factors for low CVHI scores, with odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of 1.455 (1.195- 1.771), 2.271 (1.782-2.895), 5.967 (4.557-7.815), 4.251 (3.349-5.396), 2.560 (1.993-3.287), and 1.448 (1.189-1.763). Conclusion Abnormal blood lipid levels can lead to abnormal cerebrovascular function in young and middle?aged population; elevated triglyceride level was an independent risk factor for impaired cerebrovascular function.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751940

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance and correlation of end-tidalcarbon dioxide partial pressure (PetCO2) and arterial blood carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO2) of children with different types of congenital heart disease in perioperative period of cardiopulmonary bypass.Methods 60 children undergoing selective cardiopulmonary bypass surgery for congenital heart disease were chosen (aged 1-14 years old, ASA class II or III).According to echocardiographic results, the children were divided into two groups. Group A:Left-to-right shunt in children, involving 15 cases of atrial septal defect and 15 cases of ventricular septal defect;Group B: Right-to-left shunt in children, involving 30 cases of Fallot tetrad. All 60 children underwent intravenous general anesthesia and rapid induction of orotracheal intubation. All patients underwent ventilator-assisted ventilation in the surgical intensive care unit for 8 hours after surgery. The brachial artery blood was collected for arterial blood gas analysis to measure PaCO2 at the beginning of surgery (T1), 15 min after anesthesia (T2), before CPB (T3), 15 min after CPB (T4), end of surgery (T5), time to transfer to SICU (T6), 2 h after monitored in ICU (T7), 4 h after monitored in SICU (T8), 6 h after monitored in SICU (T9), 8 h after monitored in SICU (T10).The PaCO2 and PetCO2 were recorded at each time point. According to the result of PetCO2 and PaCO2, we studied the correlation of the two indexes at each time point.Results In group A, there was a positive correlation between PetCO2 and PaCO2 at each time point (the correlation was 0.55 to 0.87, P<0.001). The correlation between PETCO2 and PaCO2 decreased gradually during T2-6, and the correlation gradually increased during T7-10. There was no significant correlation between PetCO2 and PaCO2 (the correlation was0.21 to 0.38, P> 0.05) before operation in group B until 15 minutes after CPB. From the end of surgery to 8 hours after SICU monitoring, PetCO2 was positively correlated with PaCO2 (the correlation was0.54 to 0.83, P < 0.05).The correlation between the two indexes increased gradually during T5-10. Conclusions During the perioperative period of cardiopulmonary bypass, PetCO2 can be used as an evaluation indicator for clinical monitoring in the children with Left-to-right shunt of congenital heart disease.There was no significant correlation between PetCO2 and PaCO2 in the children with congenital heart disease of right-to-left shunting before the end of surgery. PetCO2 could not replace PaCO2.With the improvement of postoperative conditions, It is significant to dynamically observe changes in PetCO2 to guide the analysis of PaCO2.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 612-617, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701388

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of chronic fluoride and arsenic co-exposure on bone morphogenetic proteins 2 (BMP-2) and runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) gene expressions of bone tissue in rats. Methods One hundred and sixty 8-week-old clean-grade Wistar rats weighting (200 ± 50) g were randomly divided into 16 groups by weight via the random number table method of 10 rats in each group by 2 × 4 factorial experimental design (half female and half male), and treated with different doses of fluoride, arsenite and fluoride plus arsenite in deionized water (untreated control group with 0.0 mg/kg fluoride and 0.0 mg/kg arsenite; low-, moderate- and high-fluoride groups were supplemented with 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 mg/kg fluoride and 2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 mg/kg arsenite) for 6 months. Rats were divided into control (F0.0As0.0), low fluorine (F5.0As0.0), moderate fluorine (F10.0As0.0), high fluorine (F20.0As0.0), low arsenic (F0.0As2.5), moderate arsenic (F0.0As5.0), high arsenic (F0.0As10.0), low fluorine and low arsenic (F5.0As2.5), low fluorine and moderate arsenic (F5.0As5.0), low fluorine and high arsenic (F5.0As10.0), moderate fluorine and low arsenic (F10.0As2.5), moderate fluorine and moderate arsenic (F10.0As5.0), moderate fluorine and high arsenic (F10.0As10.0), high fluorine and low arsenic (F20.0As2.5), high fluorine and moderate arsenic (F20.0As5.0), high fluorine and high arsenic (F20.0As10.0) groups. The concentrations of urinary fluoride (UF) and urinary arsenic (UAs) were determined as exposure biomarkers via the fluoride ion selective electrode method and the flame atomic fluorescence method. The mRNA expressions of BMP-2 and Runx2 were measured with quantitive real-time PCR. Results There were no dental fluorosis found in F0.0As0.0, F0.0As2.5, F0.0As5.0 and F0.0As10.0 groups, and there was a dose-response relationship between the occurrence of dental fluorosis and fluoride doses. Under exposure of fluorine and arsenic combined with high dose of fluorine (20.0 mg/kg), with increasing of arsenic exposure doses, the degree of injury of dental fluorosis increased (χ2 = 9.124, P < 0.05). Compared with F0.0As0.0 (0.99 ± 0.08, 0.99 ± 0.07), the mRNA expressions of BMP-2 (1.01 ± 0.07, 1.06 ± 0.06, 1.21 ± 0.05) and Runx2 (1.03 ± 0.04, 1.24 ± 0.03, 1.33 ± 0.10) in F5.0As0.0, F10.0As0.0, F20.0As0.0 groups were increased with increasing of fluoride doses. Fluoride had a significant effect on mRNA expressions of BMP-2 and Runx2 (F=3.067, 2.927, P<0.05). There was a significant interaction between fluoride and arsenic combination and BMP-2 and Runx2 mRNA expression levels (F = 3.817, 4.802, P < 0.05). Conclusion When rat is co-exposed to fluorine and arsenic, fluorine plays a leading role on BMP-2 and Runx2 mRNA expressions, and arsenic is indirectly involved in fluoride-induced bone toxicity; fluorine and arsenic has a antagonistic effect on BMP-2 and Runx2 mRNA expressions.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 720-722, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695289

ABSTRACT

·AIM:To describe the protocol and economic cost of the Day-care Unit cataract surgery procedure in northwest of China. ·METHODS: Patients who received phacoemulcification and intraocular lens implantation in both Day-care Unit and regular Unit were recruited from January 2016 to December 2016. The baseline data and average cost were recorded and analyzed. Furthermore, satisfaction questionnaire of patients were collected. ·RESULTS: Patients with Day-care Unit showed shorter registration duration, less cost including housing and nursing charge as well as higher rate of patient satisfaction. Meanwhile, Day-care Unit shorten the time the doctors and nurses spending on filling the medical charts. · CONCLUSION: Day - care Unit cataract surgery procedure could benefit both patients and medical staffs and is worthy to generalize.

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