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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 179-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980995

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of glutaminolysis of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) in hypertension-induced myocardial fibrosis. C57BL/6J mice were administered with a chronic infusion of angiotensin II (Ang II, 1.6 mg/kg per d) with a micro-osmotic pump to induce myocardial fibrosis. Masson staining was used to evaluate myocardial fibrosis. The mice were intraperitoneally injected with BPTES (12.5 mg/kg), a glutaminase 1 (GLS1)-specific inhibitor, to inhibit glutaminolysis simultaneously. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were used to detect protein expression levels of GLS1, Collagen I and Collagen III in cardiac tissue. Neonatal Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat CFs were treated with 4 mmol/L glutamine (Gln) or BPTES (5 μmol/L) with or without Ang II (0.4 μmol/L) stimulation. The CFs were also treated with 2 mmol/L α-ketoglutarate (α-KG) under the stimulation of Ang II and BPTES. Wound healing test and CCK-8 were used to detect CFs migration and proliferation respectively. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect mRNA and protein expression levels of GLS1, Collagen I and Collagen III. The results showed that blood pressure, heart weight and myocardial fibrosis were increased in Ang II-treated mice, and GLS1 expression in cardiac tissue was also significantly up-regulated. Gln significantly promoted the proliferation, migration, mRNA and protein expression of GLS1, Collagen I and Collagen III in the CFs with or without Ang II stimulation, whereas BPTES significantly decreased the above indices in the CFs. α-KG supplementation reversed the inhibitory effect of BPTES on the CFs under Ang II stimulation. Furthermore, in vivo intraperitoneal injection of BPTES alleviated cardiac fibrosis of Ang II-treated mice. In conclusion, glutaminolysis plays an important role in the process of cardiac fibrosis induced by Ang II. Targeted inhibition of glutaminolysis may be a new strategy for the treatment of myocardial fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Rats , Mice , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Angiotensin II/pharmacology , Fibroblasts , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Fibrosis , Collagen/pharmacology , Collagen Type I/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Myocardium/pathology
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 171-178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980994

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of short-term ketogenic diet on the low temperature tolerance of mice and the involvement of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα). C57BL/6J mice were divided into two groups: normal diet (WT+ND) group and ketogenic diet (WT+KD) group. After being fed with normal or ketogenic diet at room temperature for 2 d, the mice were exposed to 4 °C low temperature for 12 h. The changes in core temperature, blood glucose, blood pressure of mice under low temperature condition were detected, and the protein expression levels of PPARα and mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) were detected by Western blot. PPARα knockout mice were divided into normal diet (PPARα-/-+ND) group and ketogenic diet (PPARα-/-+KD) group. After being fed with the normal or ketogenic diet at room temperature for 2 d, the mice were exposed to 4 °C low temperature for 12 h. The above indicators were also detected. The results showed that, at room temperature, the protein expression levels of PPARα and UCP1 in liver and brown adipose tissue of WT+KD group were significantly up-regulated, compared with those of WT+ND group. Under low temperature condition, compared with WT+ND, the core temperature and blood glucose of WT+KD group were increased, while mean arterial pressure was decreased; The ketogenic diet up-regulated PPARα protein expression in brown adipose tissue, as well as UCP1 protein expression in liver and brown adipose tissue of WT+KD group. Under low temperature condition, compared to WT+ND group, PPARα-/-+ND group exhibited decreased core temperature and down-regulated PPARα and UCP1 protein expression levels in liver, skeletal muscle, white and brown adipose tissue. Compared to the PPARα-/-+ND group, the PPARα-/-+KD group exhibited decreased core temperature and did not show any difference in the protein expression of UCP1 in liver, skeletal muscle, white and brown adipose tissue. These results suggest that the ketogenic diet promotes UCP1 expression by up-regulating PPARα, thus improving low temperature tolerance of mice. Therefore, short-term ketogenic diet can be used as a potential intervention to improve the low temperature tolerance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Adipose Tissue, Brown/metabolism , PPAR alpha/pharmacology , Diet, Ketogenic , Uncoupling Protein 1/metabolism , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Temperature , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Liver , Adipose Tissue/metabolism
3.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 97-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959057

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of varicella public health emergency events (PHEEs) in Xinwu District from 2016 to 2020, and to provide a scientific basis for formulating prevention and control measures. Methods Data was retrieved from “Public Health Emergency Management Information System” in "Chinese Disease Control Information System" and “Jiangsu Provincial Vaccine Management Information System”. Descriptive epidemiological methods were employed to analyze the data. SPSS software was used for statistical analysis. Results A total of 35 varicella PHEEs were reported in Xinwu District from 2016 to 2020, accounting for 57.38% of all PHEEs of infectious diseases in the same period. A total of 1 033 cases were reported, with an attack rate of 1.91%. The events showed a bimodal distribution. A small peak occurred from April to June, and the number of events accounted for 17.14%. A large peak occurred from November to January of the following year, and the number of events accounted for 82.86%. All events occurred in schools. Kindergartens were the most dangerous places, and the number of events accounted for 45.71%. Preschoolers aged 3-6 years accounted for 48.83% of the total cases, and the male-to-female ratio of students was 1.40:1. Among 234 cases with a history of immunization with Varicella Attenuated Live Vaccine (VarV), the longer the time interval from the date of VarV inoculation to the data of onset, the higher the proportion of varicella cases. Varicella PHEEs reporting time was positively correlated with duration (rs=0.391 , P<0.05). Conclusion Early detection, early reporting and early isolation can effectively control the duration of the event. School varicella surveillance should be strengthened during the epidemic peak period. Preschoolers are vulnerable groups. It is suggested that VarV should be included in the inspection work for enrollment in kindergartens.

4.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 57-60, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959003

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis patients complicated by diabetes mellitus (PTB-DM), so as to provide insights into PTB-DM control.@*Methods@#The data pertaining to PTB cases in Quzhou City from 2016 to 2020 were extracted from Tuberculosis Information Management System of Chinese Disease Prevention and Control Information System. The demographic features, diagnosis and treatment of PTB-DM patients were descriptively analyzed, and compared with PTB patients.@*Results@#The incidence of PTB-DM was 6.79/105 to 9.27/105 in Quzhou City from 2016 to 2020, with an annual increase rate of 8.09%. Among all PTB-DM patients, there were 674 men (76.94%), 620 cases at ages of 60 years and older (70.78%), 564 cases living in urban areas (64.38%), 619 farmers (70.66%), 537 cases with delay in healthcare-seeking (61.30%), 802 treatment-naïve cases (91.55%), 547 cases positive for pathogenic tests (62.44%), 11 cases with rifampicin resistance (1.26%), 695 cases with negative conversion of sputum smears 2 months post-treatment (79.34%), and 783 cases with successful treatment (89.38%). The proportions of men, ages of 60 years and older, living in urban areas, farmers, delay in healthcare-seeking, positive pathogenic tests and rifampicin resistance were significantly higher among PTB-DM patients than among PTB patients, and the negative conversion rate of sputum smears 2 months post-treatment was significantly lower among PTB-DM patients than among PTB patients (all P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The incidence of PTB-DM increased year by year in Quzhou City from 2016 to 2020, and PTB-DM cases were predominantly found among elderly men. The proportion of delay in healthcare-seeking, positive pathogenic tests and rifampicin resistance was higher among PTB-DM patients than among PTB patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 427-434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986090

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role of platelet derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRα) on bidirectional differentiation of glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1-positive mesenchymal stem cells (Gli1+-MSC). Methods: Breeding double reporter transgenic mice ROSAmT/mG/Gli1-CreERt2/PDGFRαfl (Experimental group) and ROSAmT/mG/Gli1-CreERt2 (Control group), 20 mice in each of the two groups at four weeks of age were selected, MSC were isolated from the mouse aortic epithelium. After tamoxifen inducement, the two groups of Gli1+-MSC were screened by green fluorescent protein (GFP) labeling and flow cytometry sorting. PDGFRα was conditionally knocked out in the experimental group, and the control group Gli1+-MSC expressed PDGFRα normally. The two groups of Gli1+-MSC were subjected to adipogenic induction and fibrogenic induction, the Western blotting was performed to detect PDGFRα, adipocyte markers [perilipin and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPα)] and fibrogenic markers [alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and fibroblast-specific protein 1 (FSP-1)] and semi-quantitative analysis was performed. The degree of cellular adipose differentiation after bidirectional induction of Gli1+-MSC in both groups was observed by oil red O staining and analyzed semi-quantitatively. Results: After tamoxifen induction, Gli1+-MSC could be accurately isolated from flow cytometry by GFP labeling. Via adipogenic differentiation, the expression of PDGFRα in the experimental group (0.017±0.002) was significantly lower than that in the control group (0.184±0.012) (t=25.48,P=0.002). The protein expressions of perilipin (3.138±0.414) and C/EBPα (3.565±0.289) were significantly higher than those in the control group (2.312±0.218 and 2.179±0.103, respectively) (t=6.21,P=0.025;t=6.69,P=0.022). Thus, the knock-out of PDGFRα enhanced the adipogenic differentiation ability of Gli1+-MSC. After fibrogenesis induction, the protein expressions of PDGFRα, α-SMA and FSP-1 in the experimental group (0.030±0.001, 0.932±0.177 and 0.276±0.020, respectively) were significantly lower than those in the control group (0.439±0.006, 1.352±0.170 and 0.835±0.097, respectively) (t=149.40, P<0.001; t=66.38,P<0.001; t=11.41,P<0.08). This suggested that the knock-out of PDGFRα significantly inhibited Gli1+-MSC differentiation toward fibroblasts. After bidirectional induction, significantly less adipocyte formation was seen in the control group and more in the experimental group. Quantitative analysis showed that the amount of oil red O staining in the experimental group (0.461±0.042) was significantly higher than that in the control group (0.017±0.007) after bidirectional induction (t=23.20, P<0.01). Conclusions: PDGFRα plays an important role in the regulation of bidirectional differentiation of vascular adventitial Gli1+-MSC.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 569-578, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970525

ABSTRACT

Circadian rhythm is an internal regulatory mechanism formed in organisms in response to the circadian periodicity in the environment, which modulates the pathophysiological events, occurrence and development of diseases, and the response to treatment in mammals. It significantly influences the susceptibility, injury, and recovery of ischemic stroke, and the response to therapy. Accumulating evidence indicates that circadian rhythms not only regulate the important physiological factors of ischemic stroke events, such as blood pressure and coagulation-fibrinolysis system, but also participate in the immuno-inflammatory reaction mediated by glial cells and peripheral immune cells after ischemic injury and the regulation of neurovascular unit(NVU). This article aims to link molecular, cellular, and physiological pathways in circadian biology to the clinical consequences of ischemic stroke and to illustrate the impact of circadian rhythms on ischemic stroke pathogenesis, the regulation of NVU, and the immuno-inflammatory responses. The regulation of circadian rhythm by traditional Chinese medicine is reviewed, and the research progress of traditional Chinese medicine intervention in circadian rhythm is summarized to provide a reasonable and valuable reference for the follow-up traditional Chinese medicine research and molecular mechanism research of circadian rhythm.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ischemic Stroke , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Circadian Rhythm , Blood Coagulation , Blood Pressure , Mammals
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 74-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969808

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of different medical treatment in advanced or unresectable angiosarcoma. Methods: This study was a single-center retrospective clinical study. Fifty-five advanced or unresectable angiosarcoma patients treated in Sun-Yat Sen University Cancer Center from January 2005 to August 2020 were enrolled. There were 34 patients who received first-line doxorubicin-based chemotherapy (doxorubicin group), 12 patients received first-line doxorubicin or liposome doxorubicin plus paclitaxel or albumin bound paclitaxel chemotherapy (combination therapy group), and 4 patients received first-line paclitaxel-based treatment (paclitaxel group). There were 6 patients who received anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy, another 2 patients received anti-PD-1 antibody plus anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy. Targeted therapy and immunotherapy plus targeted therapy included 5 cases of first-line therapy and 3 cases of second-line therapy. The therapeutic effect was evaluated by RECIST 1.1 standard. The adverse reactions were evaluated by CTCAE4.0 standard. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was evaluated with Log rank test. Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the influencing factors. Results: There were 18 patients achieved partial response (PR) in 34 patients in the doxorubicin group, median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 4.5 months, and median overall survival (mOS) was 15 months. Four patients achieved PR in 12 patients in the combination therapy group, mPFS and mOS were 4 months and 19 months. Two patients achieved PR in 4 patients in the paclitaxel group, mPFS and mOS were 3 months and 9 months. However, only 1 in 6 patients achieved PR for anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy, mPFS and mOS were 3 months and 16 months. Two patients who received anti-PD-1 immunotherapy combined with anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy acquired PR for 17 months and more than 16 months. Median PFS (7.5 months) were longer in those with primary liver, lung and spleen angiosarcoma than in those with other primary site (3.0 months, P=0.028). The mOS (20 months) was longer in females than that in males (12 months, P=0.045). Primary tumor site, sex, age and treatment were not independent prognostic factors for angiosarcoma patients (P>0.05). Grade 3-4 cardiac toxicity was found in 2 patients in the combination therapy group. Conclusions: Doxorubicin-based and paclitaxel-based chemotherapy are the most important treatment for advanced angiosarcoma. Potential efficacy for targeted therapy combined with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy are showed in some patients with long duration of response and moderate adverse event.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Hemangiosarcoma , Retrospective Studies , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects
8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 490-494, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981720

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of posterior cervical pedicle screw short-segment internal fixation for the treatment of atlantoaxial fracture and dislocation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 60 patients with atlantoaxial vertebral fracture and dislocation underwent surgery between January 2015 and January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into study group and control group according to different surgical methods. There were 30 patients in study group, including 13 males and 17 females, with an average age of (39.32±2.85) years old, were underwent short-segment internal fixation with posterior cervical pedicle screws. There were 30 patients in control group, including 12 males and 18 females, with an average age of (39.57±2.90) years old, were underwent posterior lamina clip internal fixation of the atlas. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative ambulation time, hospitalization time and complications between two groups were recorded and compared. The pain visual analogue scale(VAS), Japanese Orthopedic Association(JOA) score of neurological function, and fusion status were evaluated between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for at least 12 months. The study group was better than control group in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative off-bed activity time, and hospital stay (P=0.000). One case of respiratory tract injury occurred in study group. In control group, 2 cases occurred incision infection, 3 cases occurred respiratory tract injury, and 3 cases occurred adjacent segmental joint degeneration. The incidence of complications in study group was lower than that in control group (χ2=4.705, P=0.030). At 1, 3, 7 days after operation, VAS of study group was lower than that of control group(P=0.000). At 1, 3 months after operation, JOA score of study group was higher than that of control group(P=0.000). At 12 months after operation, all the patients in the study group achieved bony fusion. In control group, there were 3 cases of poor bony fusion and 3 cases of internal fixation fracture, the incidence rate was 20.00%(6/30). The difference between two groups was statistically significant (χ2=4.629, P=0.031).@*CONCLUSION@#Posterior cervical short-segment pedicle screw fixation for atlantoaxial fracture and dislocation has the advantages of less trauma, shorter operation time, fewer complications, and less pain, and can promote the recovery of nerve function as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Fractures, Bone , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Hemorrhage
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2203-2211, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981351

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the therapeutic effect of alcohol extract of root and root bark of Toddalia asiatica(TAAE) on collagen-induced arthritis(CIA) in rats through phosphatidylinoinosidine-3 kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway. To be specific, CIA was induced in rats, and then the rats were treated(oral, daily) with TAAE and Tripterygium Glycoside Tablets(TGT), respectively. The swelling degree of the hind leg joints was scored weekly. After 35 days of administration, the histopathological changes were observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was employed to detect the levels of cytokines [tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin(IL)-6)]. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling(TUNEL) staining was performed to detect the apoptosis of synoviocytes in rats. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins B-cell lymphoma 2(Bcl-2)-associated X(Bax), Bcl-2, and caspase-3 and pathway-related proteins phosphoinositide 3-kinase(PI3K), phosphorylated(p)-PI3K, protein kinase B(Akt), and p-Akt. RT-qPCR was conducted to examine the mRNA levels of Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β and pathway-related proteins PI3K, p-PI3K, Akt, and p-Akt. TAAE can alleviate the joint swelling in CIA rats, reduce serum levels of inflammatory cytokines, improve synovial histopathological changes, promote apoptosis of synoviocytes, and inhibit synovial inflammation. In addition, RT-qPCR and Western blot results showed that TAAE up-regulated the level of Bax, down-regulated the level of Bcl-2, and activated caspase-3 to promote apoptosis in synoviocytes. TAAE effectively down-regulated the protein levels of p-PI3K and p-Akt. In this study, TAAE shows therapeutic effect on CIA in rats and reduces the inflammation. The mechanism is that it suppresses PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and promotes synoviocyte apoptosis. Overall, this study provides a new clue for the research on the anti-inflammatory mechanism of TAAE and lays a theoretical basis for the better clinical application of TAAE in the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Caspase 3/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Plant Bark , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Experimental/chemically induced , Inflammation/drug therapy , Cytokines/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Apoptosis
10.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 347-354, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992100

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop and examine the reliability and validity of the adolescent health literacy evaluation scale under public health emergencies (AHLES-PHE) in junior middle school students.Methods:The initial version of AHLES-PHE was formed by combining the characteristics of public health emergencies and adolescent health literacy.The expert version of AHLES-PHE was formed by two rounds of Delphi expert consultation.Totally 1 729 adolescent students from three junior middle schools in Changzhou City were tested.The formal version of AHLES-PHE was formed through item analysis and factor analysis (structural validity). The content validity of the formal version of AHLES-PHE was evaluated by specialist analysis and sensibility analysis, and its correlation validity with the everyday health information literacy (EHIL) was tested.The internal consistency reliability, parity split-half coefficient and test-retest reliability were calculated.Results:(1)Item analysis: the correlation coefficient between the scores of each item and the total score of AHLES-PHE expert version was 0.420 to 0.722 ( P<0.01), and the CR of decision value was 10.140 to 66.980 ( P<0.01). (2)Validity analysis: the formal version of AHLES-PHE with 45 items and 8 factors was obtained by exploratory factor analysis.The 8 factors could explain 61.30% of the total variation.The fitting indexes of the confirmatory factor analysis model were χ2/ df=3.325, RMSEA=0.052, GFI=0.853, CFI=0.912, TLI=0.904, NFI=0.880.Sensibility analysis of the formal version of AHLES-PHE showed the Cronbach's α ranged from 0.957 to 0.958.The correlation coefficient between the total score of AHLES-PHE formal version and the total score of EHIL was 0.340 ( P<0.01). (3)Reliability analysis: the Cronbach's α coefficient and parity split-half coefficient of the formal version of AHLES-PHE were 0.958 and 0.975, respectively.The test-retest reliability of the formal version of AHLES-PHE was 0.753 ( P<0.01). Conclusion:The formal version of AHLES-PHE developed in this study has good reliability, structural validity and content validity, and the correlation validity with EHIL is common.This scale has a certain degree of applicability to the assessment of health literacy for junior middle school students under public health emergencies.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 220-223, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991290

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of case-based learning (CBL), teaching mode combined with 3D printing in clinical teaching of sacral tumors.Methods:A total of 108 undergraduate interns and standardized residency training students who studied in our hospital from 2017 to 2018 were divided into the CBL teaching group ( n = 53) and the CBL combined with 3D printing teaching group ( n = 55) according to their study time. The combined teaching group used computer tomography (CT) data to reconstruct and print out a 3D model of sacral tumors based on CBL, and performed preoperative teaching on the invasion of the surrounding tissues of the tumor. The scores of the students in the two groups were evaluated respectively, and the students were surveyed by self-identification questionnaire (learning interest, self-learning ability, teamwork ability, comprehensive analysis ability and clinical thinking ability). The t-test (one-sided) was used for comparison between groups using stata 14.0. Results:The score of CBL teaching group (75.90±6.70) was lower than that of CBL combined with 3D printing teaching group (83.60±7.40). In terms of critical thinking ability evaluation, self-learning ability, learning interest, comprehensive analysis ability and clinical thinking ability, the CBL combined 3D printing teaching group was superior to the CBL teaching group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001). In terms of teamwork ability, there was no statistical difference between the two groups. Conclusion:The CBL teaching mode combined with 3D printing can improve academic performance, students' learning interest and clinical thinking ability of sacral tumors in the teaching of undergraduate interns and standardized residency training students.

12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2485-2490, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998319

ABSTRACT

‍Liver failure is a serious clinical syndrome of liver disease with critical condition and high mortality, and besides liver transplantation, there is still a lack of satisfactory radical treatment methods. The pathogenesis of liver failure is complex and remains unclear, involving a variety of factors that affect the balance of hepatocyte necrosis and regeneration. This article summarizes autophagy as the key pathway for maintaining cell homeostasis and points out that autophagy plays an important protective role in the pathogenesis of liver failure by regulating NLRP3 inflammasome activation, reducing oxidative stress, and inhibiting cell apoptosis. Meanwhile, it is believed that the molecular signaling pathways targeting autophagy, such as exosomes and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α, participate in antagonizing the development and progression of liver failure and will become important ideas and directions for molecular targeted therapies for liver failure.

13.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 625-628, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996920

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathogenesis of superficial mycosis among naval trainees, and observe the efficacy of a novel antifungal drug. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted on the onset, medication and recurrence of superficial fungal infection among the trainees from January, 2020 to July, 2020. At the same time, the new antifungal drug sulconazole nitrate spray was provided for treatment and the drug efficacy was observed. Results The participants generally lacked understanding and attention to superficial fungal infections. The incidence rate of superficial fungal infection was 52%, of which 76.2% of patients had recurrence of superficial fungal infection. The sulconazole nitrate spray showed great effect against these infections. Conclusion The trainees should understand the causes of superficial fungal infection through health education and seek medical treatment and medication in time. The cure rate of superficial fungal infections could only be improved through the collaborative management of the school, hospital, and trainees to reduce the impact of these infections on naval trainees’ work and life.

14.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 82-88, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995480

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce a new surgical procedure for harvesting an iliac bone flap with deep iliac circumflex vessels—"retrograde anatomical method", and report the effect of preliminary application with this procedure.Methods:From June 2018 to May 2021, 15 patients who admitted in the Department of Hand and Microsurgery, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University received surgeries of iliac bone flap with deep iliac circumflex artery by "retrograde anatomical method". During the surgery, appropriate cutaneous perforators or muscular branches were found near the medial side of the iliac bone of iliac tubercle. The branches were dissected from surface inwards to the starting point of deep circumflex iliac blood vessel with microsurgery and micro Schlieren forceps. The iliac bone flap was chiselled out, inserted into femoral head, and then anastomosed with the transverse branches of deep circumflex iliac blood vessel and lateral circumflex femoral blood vessel. All patients were included in the postoperative follow-up at the outpatient clinic to evaluate the preliminary effect of this procedure. Harris scores before and after surgery were assessed with paired t test. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:The length of iliac bone flap was at 3.0-5.0(4.0±0.5) cm, and the length of vascular pedicle was at 4.0-7.0(5.3±1.0) cm. The time of iliac bone flap harvest was 35-55(45.0±6.1) minutes. During the operation, the success rate of harvesting iliac bone flap with deep iliac circumflex artery was 100%, and blood had oozed out of bone surface before the pedicle of all iliac bone flaps was cut-off. The volume of intraoperative autologous blood transfusion was 100-400(226.7±78.2) ml. One patient suffered from traction injury of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve in the operation. The numbness of anterolateral thigh area occurred on the 1st day after the surgery, and relieved 4 months later. Other 14 patients did not suffer from postoperative numbness in the area of anterolateral thigh. The amount of drainage from donor site for the iliac bone flap was 50-70 ml[(62.7±7.5) ml in average] after surgery. Incisions at the donor sites of iliac bone flap healed in stage I. Postoperative follow-up lasted between 3 months and 3 years. There was no incision hernia and other complication in the donor sites of the iliac bone flap. There was a significant difference in Harris scores between at 9, 12 and 18 months after surgery and that before the surgery, respectively( P<0.05). After 18 months, Harris score were at a better level. Conclusion:The "retrograde anatomical method" can quickly determine the nutrient vessels of an iliac bone flap with deep circumflex iliac vessels. The surgical procedure is relatively simple with safe and reliable anatomy. Donor site damage and postoperative complications are greatly minimised. This surgical technique can be considered to be applied clinically.

15.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 505-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978417

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the quality of disinfection in the SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid sampling sites in Shanghai. MethodsSwab samples of medical staff’ hands and environments of different SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid sampling sites were collected from July to September 2022, with the total number of bacterial colonies cultured and counted. ResultsA total of 728 swab samples were collected from 69 sampling sites. The median total number of bacterial colonies on hand surface, object surface and air samples were 0 CFU·cm-2, 0 CFU·cm-2, and1 CFU·(petri dish∙5 min)-1, respectively, and P95 was 13 CFU·cm-2, 5.3 CFU·cm-2, and 17.8 CFU·(culture vessel∙5 min)-1, respectively. According to the GB 15982‒2012 Hygienic Standard for Disinfection in Hospitals class Ⅳ environment, 680 samples met the standard (93.4%). Furthermore, 96.9%, 92.0%, and 92.2% of the samples in the sampling sites of tertiary/secondary hospitals, community health centers, and community convenience sampling sites met the standard, respectively. Quality of disinfection did not differ significantly across these sampling sites. ConclusionThe quality of disinfection in the SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid sampling sites in Shanghai is generally good. Additionally, hand hygiene of medical staff and disinfection on object surface in some sampling sites need to be strengthened.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 809-813, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976437

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate fast food consumption behaviors among 4th and 5th grade primary school students in agricultural and pastoral areas in Qinghai Province, and to provide scientific basis for nutrition education and intervention measures for school age children in agricultural and pastoral areas.@*Methods@#Using multi stage stratified cluster random sampling method, a total of 969 fourth and fifth grade students were selected from 10 primary schools in 4 counties and districts in 3 cities of Haidong City, Hainan Prefecture and Haixi Prefecture from Qinghai Province. Self administered questionnaires were used to investigate the fast food consumption behaviors of participants.@*Results@#The proportions of senior primary school students in agricultural and pastoral areas of Qinghai Province who had consumed western fast food and traditioal fast food in the past week were 45.8% and 75.6%, respectively, with statistically significant differences ( χ 2=290.24, P <0.05). The times of traditional fast food consumption in the past week among boarding students were higher than that of non boarding students( Z =6.44,5.84, P <0.05). The main reasons for senior primary school students in agricultural and pastoral areas of Qinghai Province to choose to consume western fast food were that it was delicious (84.7%), nutritious (62.6%), clean and hygienic (57.4%), and a better environment (57.0%). The top 4 reasons for chousing Chinese fast food were yummy(83.8%),nutritious(82.8%),clean and healthy(67.4%),and good environment(53.5%). Among the surveyed primary school students, 64.7% believed that diet structure of Chinese fast food was reasonable, 43.0% believed that the nutritional value of Chinese fast food was high, and 39.4% believed that the energy content of western fast food was high.@*Conclusion@#Fast food consumption is a common dietary behavior of senior primary school students in agricultural and pastoral areas of Qinghai Province. Relevant departments should strengthen the nutrition education related to fast food, promote the dissemination of health knowledge, enable students to develop a good lifestyle and reduce fast food consumption.

17.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 366-370, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923716

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between obesity and insomnia among adults, so as to provide insights into obesity control and sleep health improvements among adult populations. @*Methods@#Sixteen communities were randomly sampled from Longgang District, Shenzhen City using a multistage cluster sampling method, and permanent residents at ages of 18 years and older living in these communities were recruited as study subjects. Subjects' gender, age, educational level and marital status were collected using a self-designed questionnaire, and the body mass index ( BMI) was calculated. The sleep quality was evaluated using the Insomnia Severity Index ( ISI ), and the correlation between obesity and insomnia was evaluated using a multivariable logistic regression model.@*Results@#A total of 10 434 questionnaires were allocated, and 9 425 valid questionnaires were recovered, with an effective recovery rate of 90.33%. The respondents included 3 448 men ( 36.58% ) and 5 977 women ( 63.42% ), and 6 940 respondents ( 73.63% ) were at ages of 18 to 44 years. There were 778 respondents with underweight ( 8.25% ), 5 522 with normal weight ( 58.59% ), 2 209 with overweight ( 23.44% ) and 916 with obesity ( 9.72% ). Among all respondents, 1 149 respondents were detected with insomnia, with a detection rate of 12.19%, including 839 subjects with mild insomnia ( 8.90% ), 247 subjects moderate insomnia ( 2.62% ) and 63 subjects with severe insomnia ( 0.67% ). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed a statistically significant correlation between obesity and insomnia ( OR=2.179, 95%CI: 1.824-2.603 ).@*Conclusions@#There is a significant correlation between obesity and insomnia. Body weight management and sleep health education shall be intensified among adults.

18.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 176-184, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922568

ABSTRACT

Due to its complex pathogenesis and lack of effective therapeutic methods, Alzheimer's disease (AD) has become a severe public health problem worldwide. Recent studies have discovered the function of central nervous system lymphatic drainage, which provides a new strategy for the treatment of AD. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been considered as a cure for AD for hundreds of years in China, and its effect on scavenging β-amyloid protein in the brain of AD patients has been confirmed. In this review, the mechanism of central nervous system lymphatic drainage and the regulatory functions of CHM on correlation factors were briefly summarized. The advances in our understanding regarding the treatment of AD via regulating the central lymphatic system with CHM will promote the clinical application of CHM in AD patients and the discovery of new therapeutic drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Brain , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
19.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E180-E185, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920688

ABSTRACT

Neovascularization plays an important role in many physiological and pathological processes, but its mechanism is still unclear. Since vascular cells are subjected to a variety of biochemical and biomechanical stimulations in vivo and live in a complex microenvironment, it is necessary to construct the vascular model in vitro and simulate the in vivo microenvironment to explore the mechanism of neovascularization. Recently, owing to the advance of micromachining and microfluidic technology, various in vitro microvascular models have emerged. Variables such as shear stress, interstitial flow and biochemical gradient of angiogenic factors have been controlled in these models, which greatly promotes the research of neovascularization. The construction, development and biomechanical design of various microvascular models are reviewed in this paper.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 28-32, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920423

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between family background and parental support and adolescents physical activity and motor skills, and to provide a corresponding theoretical basis for the health promotion of children and adolescents in China.@*Methods@#From November to December 2019, 140 junior high school students aged 12-14 years in a junior high school in Shanxi Province were selected, and physical activity was recorded for 7 days using an ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer. The Activity Support Scale for Children (ACTS CN) was used to evaluate parents support and attitude towards children s activities and behaviors. The Canadian Agility and Movement Skill Assessment (CAMSA) was used to evaluate the motor ability development of adolescents.@*Results@#The daily participation time in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was (40.57±13.54) and (31.65± 9.98 ) min for males and females, respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( t =4.44, P <0.05); The average motor skill scores were (10.8±1.9) and (10.1±1.9), and completion times were (17.7±2.8) and (19.1±2.5)s, respectively; regression analyses showed that mothers education, monthly household income, mothers attention to children s exercise and fathers support for club participation were all significantly associated with adolescents MVPA ( B =-0.28,-0.16,-0.16, 0.18, P <0.05). Parental provision of exercise space was significantly associated with motor ability ( r =0.17, 0.17, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Parents with higher levels of education have a more positive influence on their children s physical activity participation. Parental presence can contribute to a certain extent to the level of physical activity of adolescents, and a supportive environment provided from parents can positively influence the level of motor skills of adolescents.

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