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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3061-3070, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921406

ABSTRACT

The study of distinct genes, chromosomes and the spatio-temporal relationships between them is of great significance in genetics, developmental biology and biomedicine. CRISPR/Cas9 has become the most widely used gene editing tool due to its excellent targeting ability. Recently, researchers have developed a series of advanced live cell imaging techniques based on the nuclease-inactivated mutant of Cas9 (dCas9), providing rapid and convenient tools for high-resolution imaging of specific sites in the chromatin and genome. This review summarizes the advances of CRISPR/dCas9 system in live cell imaging from three aspects, including the strategies of cell delivery, optimization of the fluorescence signals, as well as orthogonal and multicolor imaging. Furthermore, we shed light on the development trends and prospects of this field.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Chromatin , Endonucleases , Gene Editing
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887485

ABSTRACT

There are a large number of clinical reports that acupoint injection therapy is effective, but there are still some basic problems that have not been effectively resolved, such as the type, dosage, concentration and compatibility of acupoint injection drugs. This article analyzes and discusses the problems of acupoint injection therapy in five aspects: the effect of acupoint injection on local tissues, the study of mechanism, the best treatment plan and advantages, and the similarities and differences with local injection therapy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Injections
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905422

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Tai Ji Quan in the progress of rehabilitation training for elderly patients with heart failure after myocardial infarction. Methods:From January, 2017 to June, 2019, a total of 200 elderly patients with heart failure after myocardial infarction were divided into control group (n = 100) and experimental group (n = 100). The control group received routine medicine, and the experimental group received Tai Ji Quan exercise in addition. After 24-week treatment, their cardiac functional grading, plasma levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and aldosterone (ALD), six minutes walking distance (6MWD), left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEF), quality of life, and readmission rate and mortality rate were compared. Results:After treatment, the cardiac function was better in the experimental group than in the control group (χ2 > 5.143, P < 0.05); the plasma levels of BNP and ALD, 6MWD, LVEF and quality of life significantly improved (|t| > 9.883, P < 0.001), and were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 4.023, P < 0.001). The readmission rate and mortality rate were lower in the experimental group than in the control group, but no significant difference was found (P > 0.05). Conclusion:Tai Ji Quan exercise could improve the cardiac function, exercise tolerance and quality of life of the elderly patients with heart failure after myocardial infarction.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2535-2548, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837517

ABSTRACT

Applying poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPi) to the treatment of cancers with homologous recombination deficiency (HRDness) has been a great advance in the field of molecular therapeutics. However, in the clinic patients lacking the specific mutations or developing reverse mutations in the process of PARPi treatment may not benefit from PARPi monotherapy. Therefore, targeting homologous recombination (HR) repair with molecularly targeted agents is becoming an attractive research focus and is raising the concept of "chemical HRDness". HR repair is an evolutionarily conserved and extensively regulated process that employs sister chromatids as the template to repair DNA double-strand breaks with high fidelity. In addition to directly targeting HR components, modulation of regulatory pathways controlling HR repair is effective in achieving the "HRDness" phenotype; this includes modulation of the cell cycle checkpoint regulatory pathway, the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway, the chromatin remodeling pathway, etc. Targeting HR repair can not only result in "synthetic lethality" when combined with PARPi, but also sensitizes cancers to traditional radio/chemotherapy and novel immunotherapy. In this review we describe the HR repair pathway and its regulatory pathways, summarize the preclinical and clinical outcomes of targeting HR repair, discuss the remaining problems in this field and provide a prospective on its application in tumor therapy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873067

ABSTRACT

Objective:To isolate and purify a polysaccharide CALB-2 fraction from Aurantii Fructus,and analyze its basic chemical structure, morphological characteristics and bioactivity. Method:A refined CALB-2 was obtained from Aurantii Fructus by hot water extraction,then separated and purified by ion exchange resin,ion exchange agarose gel and propylene dextran gel to obtain homogeneous polysaccharide CALB-2. The molecular mass of CALB-2 was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Monosaccharide composition analysis of CALB-2 was conducted by methylation analysis and Smith degradation. Structural analysis and morphological characterization were conducted by infrared scanning (IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. Antioxidant activity of CALB-2 was studied by using H2O2-induced cardiomyocyte oxidative damage model. Result:CALB-2 was a homogeneous polysaccharide and the molecular weight of CALB-2 was estimated to be 3.57×107 Da,which was proved to be a kind of highly branched acidic polysaccharides in IR analysis, methylation analysis and Smith degradation, mainly present in form of 1→3,4 bonds. Through SEM observations,we indicated that the molecular morphology of CALB-2 was amorphous solid. The in vitro activity test showed that CALB-2 had obvious protective effects on injury of H9c2 myocardial cells induced by H2O2. Conclusion:CALB-2 is a kind of homogeneous polysaccharide extracted from Aurantii Fructus, with an anti-cardiomyocyte oxidative damage effect, laying a theoretical foundation for further study of Aurantii Fructus polysaccharides.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828240

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide reference of the ideal entry point for antegrade femoral nailing according to analysis correlation between highest point of greater trochanter and the middle line of the medullary cavity in adults by three-dimensional images.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to January 2017, 107 adults who underwent continuous computed tomography (CT) scans were ultimately enrolled, including 64 males and 43 females with an average age of (51.7±16.4) years old;54 patients on the left side and 53 patients on the right side. Three-dimensional images were built by using image-processing software (Volume Viewer) to reconstruct geometry of cortex and medullary canal. All people weregrouped according to different femoral greater trochanter morphology, such as anterior apex (AA), posterior apex (PA), middle apex (MA) and none apex (NA). Forwards inclination was adjusted to apparent neck shaft angle (ANSA) and true neck shaft angle (TNSA) on the coronal and saggittal view, recorded as C-ANSA, C-TNSA, S-ANSA, S-TNSA respectively, vertical distance from the middle line of femur medullary cavity to the highest point of greater trochanter of femur on the 4 positions were measured and performed statistical analysis, multiple linear regression was applied to analysis relationship between clinical data and VD value.@*RESULTS@#(1)Comparison of VD value among 4 groups on the 4 positions, there were no difference in VD value between AA and MA groups on the S-ANSA position;and no differences in VD value among AA, MA and NA groups on the C-ANSA and C-TNSA position. (2)There were differences in VD value among AA, MA and NA groups on the sagittal plane;while had difference in VD value between PA and NA group on the coronal plane. (3)Prediction equation of VD value on S-ANSA and S-TNSA position by multiple linear regression showed R=0.343, F=3.409, =0.012 on the S-ANSA position;R=0.317, F=2.846, =0.028 on the S-TNSA position; neck shaft angle and sex were risk factors of VD value on the sagittal plane, while no difference in VD value on the coronal position.@*CONCLUSION@#(1)When indentify insertion point in adult femoral nail according to the highest point of greater trochanter as anatomic landmark, the morphology of greater trochanter of femur should be distinguished to certain observation position, then evaluate migration before and after on the sagttial plane and lateral offset on the coronal plane. (2)Migration before and after on the sagttial plane is increase with increase of neck shaft angle, and the degree of migration of female before and after is less than that of male.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Male , Middle Aged , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772804

ABSTRACT

MASSAGE has been recommended to more people as an adjunct to health care. We illustrate a case of vertebral artery dissection (VAD) probably caused by massage that almost resulted in the patient's death. The patient experienced sudden cardiac arrest and paralysis. After treatment with anticoagulation and antiplatelet, he finally discharged without any sequelae.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants , Humans , Male , Massage , Middle Aged , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Vertebral Artery Dissection , Drug Therapy
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687406

ABSTRACT

The prescription of clinical curative effect has promoted the formation and development of the dominant diseases in traditional Chinese medicine, but it has been controversial for a long time because its mechanism has not been effectively explained. Breaking the gap between animal/cell research and clinical research, and understanding the mechanism of dominant diseases in traditional Chinese medicine based on evidence-based medicine has become an important breakthrough in this scientific issue. Therefore, based on evidence-based medicine, we established the research concept that "originating from clinic, testing in experiment, returning to clinic". Taking the classic formula (Jinqi Jiangtang formula) treating diabetes as an example to find characteristic markers of diabetes supported by evidence-based medicine from clinic. We used the reverse analysis strategy of the response of characteristic markers to explore the intervention mechanism of Jinqi Jiangtang formula on characteristic markers. Then, we verified the key signaling molecules of the metabolic regulation of the Jinqi Jiangtang formula in clinic. The research ideas and key technologies for the mechanism of treatment of diabetes by Jinqi Jiangtang formula based on evidence-based medicine are formed, and it is expected to provide research reference for explaining the mechanism of dominant diseases in traditional Chinese medicine based on evidence-based medicine.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687334

ABSTRACT

With the growth of number of Chinese patent medicines and clinical use, the rational use of Chinese medicine is becoming more and more serious. Due to the complexity of Chinese medicine theory and the uncertainty of clinical application, the prescription review of Chinese patent medicine always relied on experience in their respective, leading to the uncontrolled of clinical rational use. According to the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory and characteristics of the unique clinical therapeutics, based on the practice experience and expertise comments, our paper formed the expert consensus on the prescription review of Chinese traditional patent medicine for promoting the rational use of drugs in Beijing. The objective, methods and key points of prescription review of Chinese patent medicine, were included in this expert consensus, in order to regulate the behavior of prescription and promote rational drug use.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707050

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the stool coccobacillus flora features between lung diseases patients and non-lung diseases patients for confirming homotherapy for the lung and the large intestine ideology based on the lung and large intestine being interior-exteriorly related theory. Methods Totally 112 patients were divided into lung diseases group (47 cases) and non-lung diseases group (65 cases) by cross-sectional study. Questionnaire survey for patients was used, including general demographic information, lung diseases and course of disease, non-lung diseases and course of disease, medication, diet, sleep, emotional, physical and stool. Stool specimens were collected and smear method was used to detect the ratio of coccus. Results 3 cases were lost in the lung diseases group and 5 cases were lost in the non-lung diseases group. Stool coccobacillus mean proportionality was 0.78 in lung diseases group, and 0.35 in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance (P=0.041). Stool gram negative bacilli mean value was 56.59% in lung diseases group, and 65.50% in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance (P=0.040). Stool gram positive coccus mean value was 33.52% in lung diseases group, and 23.80% in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance (P=0.004). There were 23 cases of stool gram negative bacilli aberrant type in lung diseases group, and 44 cases in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance (P=0.038). There were 21 cases of loss of appetite in lung diseases group, and 14 cases in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance(P=0.012). There were 23 cases of constipation in lung diseases group, and 19 cases in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance (P=0.044). There were 15 cases of loose stool in lung diseases group, and 9 cases in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance (P=0.033). Conclusion Lung diseases patients occur to alteration of intestinal flora potentially. And symptoms include loss of appetite, constipation, loose stool, which occur to lung diseases patients significantly, indicating lung and large intestine tend to exist homopathy. It is important to homotherapy for the lung and the large intestine based on the lung and the large intestine being interior-exteriorly related.

11.
Recent Advances in Ophthalmology ; (6): 1146-1149, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669105

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe and analyze the clinical outcomes of perfluoropropane (C3 Fs) injection and laser photocoagulation on myopic foveoschisis.Methods A total of 14 patients (18 eyes) diagnosed as myopic foveoschisis were enrolled in this retrospective study.All patients received intraocular tamponade of 0.5-0.7 mL C3 F8,and after 1 week,underwent macular photocoagulation.These patients were given the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination for central foveal thickness (CFT) and maximal macular thickness (MMT) before and after treatment.Results OCT examination showed that the mean CFT decreased significantly from (494.00 ±454.80) iμm before treatment to (193.61 ± 97.42) μm at the last follow-up,with statistical significance (P =0.01),and the mean MMT decreased from (687.33 ± 385.15)pμn to (331.06 ± 109.31)μm at the same duration,approaching significant difference (P =0.001).The foveoschisis healed completely and partially in 14 eyes at the last follow-up,the mean CFT decreased significantly from (567.36 ±493.01) μm before treatment to (171.43 ± 90.84) μm after treatment,with statistical significance (P =0.006),and the mean MMT decreased from (744.14 ± 417.38)μm to (303.86 ± 8.62)prn at the same duration,approaching significant difference (P =0.002).Patients' BCVA before treatment was (0.94 ± 0.39) logMAR,of which 13 eyes had BCVA < 0.6 logMAR,and increased to (0.92 ± 0.36) logMAR at the last follow-up,with no significant difference (P =0.78).The foveoschisis healed completely and partially in 14 eyes,and the BCVA was (1.04 ± 0.37) logMAR before treatment,up to (0.90 ± 0.34) logMAR after treatment,and the difference was not statistically significant (P =0.16).At the last follow-up,the vision of 4 eyes was increased by 2 lines and above,and unchanged in 10 eyes.All patients had no visual symptoms such as dark spots and no increase in intraocular pressure after treatment.Conclusion Intraocular C3 F8 tamponade and macular photocoagulation can be an satisfying alternative treatment for patients with myopic foveoschisis.

12.
Acta Universitatis Medicinalis Anhui ; (6): 1718-1720,1725, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691416

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression level of interleukin-17 (IL-17)/interleukin-23 (IL-23) axis in peripheral blood of patients with Graves disease (GD) before and after 131I or antithyroid drugs (ATD) treatment.Methods The study groups included 40 patients with incipient GD(GD group),20 of whom were treated by 131 I,others were treated by ATD.Forty sex and age matched healthy subjects were recruited as control group.ELISA was uesed to detect interleukin-17 (IL-17),interleukin-23 (IL-23) level before and after the treatment of the GD group and control group.Results ① The expression of IL-23,IL-17 in GD group was significantly higher than the control group(P <0.05);②6 months after 131I treatment,the level of serum IL-23,IL-17 were significantly lower than before (P < 0.05),but still higher than the control group (P < 0.05),which was not found in ATD treatment group.Conclusion IL-23/IL-17 axis may play a role in GD which may also be relevant to 131I treatment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512705

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the therapeutic effect of exenatide combined with metformin therapy in type 2 diabetes with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.Methods 50 patients with type 2 diabetes and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease were randomly divided into experimental group and control group with 25 cases in each.The control group were treated with metformin, the experimental group were treated with exenatide on the basis of metformin.Before treatment and at the end of 12-week treatment, patients height, weight, body mass index(BMI), waistline(WC), glycated hemoglobin(HbA1c), fasting blood glucose(FBG),fasting C-peptide(FCP), triglyceride(TG), cholesterol(TCH), high density lipoprotein(HDL), low density lipoprotein(LDL),systolic pressure(SBP), diastolic pressure(DBP), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), superoxide dismutase(SOD), liver lipid contents(LFC) were detected.Results Baseline data were not significantly different between the two groups.Compared to baseline, WC, HbA1c, FBG and LFC in experimental group and control group were obviously improved after treatment(P<0.05), and the experimental group improved more significantly than control group(P<0.05).Conclusion Exenatide combined with metformin has an obvious therapeutic effect on BMI, WC, HbA1c, FBG, FCP, SBP, TG, TCH, HDL, LDL, LFC than mere metformin treatment in treatment of type 2 diabetes with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275466

ABSTRACT

Angelicae Sinensis Radix, with nourishing Yin, promoting blood circulation, and moisturizing dryness functions, is commonly used in clinical medicine. In order to investigate the effects and mechanism of Angelica sinensis(AS) on Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg in mice with asthma and Yin deficiency syndrome, asthmatic and Yin deficiency syndrome Balb/c mice models were established by injecting and inhaling ovalbumin(OVA) and thyroxin. The models were treated with dexamethasone(DXM), AS extract and AS extract+DXM, respectively. Pathological examination of lung tissues was conducted by HE staining, and ELISA was used to detect the levels of IL-4, IL-17, IFN-γ, TGF-β as well as retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor (RORγt). Results showed that AS could significantly improve the situation of inflammation infiltration, increase ratios of IFN-γ/IL-4 and TGF-β/IL-17, decrease the levels of RORγt in lung tissues. The AS+DXM group showed a best treatment effect. The results indicated that AS played a therapeutic role for asthma with Yin deficiency syndrome and improved airway inflammation by inhibiting the expression of RORγt in lung tissues and regulating the balance of Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg.

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1906-1908, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506192

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore MRI manifestations of incomplete healing of the uterine incision after abdominal delivery.Methods Nine patients with clinical suspected incomplete healing of the uterine incision after abdominal delivery underwent cavitas pelvis MRI scans with 3.0T MRI.Results According to the characteristics of the MRI images,healing conditions of the uterine incisions were divides into 2 groups.GroupⅠwas showed that the uterine incision healed well,the uterine junctional zone and myometrium were continuous,and the incision scar was linear low signal intensity on T2 WI (2 cases,22%).GroupⅡwas showed that the uterine incisions healed incompletely,the uterine junctional zone and myometrium were discontinuous,and the myometrium edema was in some cases with high signal intensity on T2 WI (7 cases,78%).Conclusion MRI could directly displays incomplete healing of the uterine incision after cesarean section,provide the basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Diabetes ; (12): 598-600, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496355

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between neutrophil‐to‐lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and early‐stage diabetic nephropathy in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes(T2DM ). Methods A total of 160 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM were enrolled in this study and divided into two groups:early‐stage diabetic nephropathy (EDN ) group and non‐DN group (T2DM group). The clinical and biochemical data were collected. Results NLR ,neutrophia cell count ,2 hPG ,HbA1 c ,age were significantly higher in EDN group than in T2DM group[NLR (2.27 ± 0.92)vs(1.81 ± 0.56) ,neutrophia cellcount(4.35±1.47)vs(3.78±1.08)109/L,2hPG(21.98±4.30)vs(20.37±4.40)mmol/L,HbA1c (11.06±2.02)% vs (10.22 ± 1.89)% ,age(49.22 ± 12.71) vs (44.41 ± 10.81)years] (P< 0.05).Logistic regression analysis showed that NLR (OR= 6.529 ,95% CI:1.946 ~ 21.873 ,P= 0.002)and 2 hPG(OR = 1.213 ,95% CI:1.002 ~ 1.467 ,P= 0.047 ) were independent risk factors for EDN.Conclusion Increased NLR is significantly associated with EDN. High NLR level may be a reliable predictive marker for EDN.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261233

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical features of children with different clinical forms of congenital hepatic fibrosis (CHF), and provides a description of the characteristics of childhood CHF.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty children with CHF between January 2002 and June 2015 were enrolled, including 26 children with portal hypertensive CHF (PH CHF), 3 children with cholangitic CHF, 30 children with combined portal hypertensive and cholangitic CHF (mixed CHF), and 1 child with latent forms of CHF. The medical data of 26 children with PH CHF and 30 children with mixed CHF, including gender, age, clinical manifestations, physical signs, laboratory tests and imaging characteristics, were retrospectively studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fever, jaundice and hepatomegaly were more frequently noted in children with mixed CHF than in those with PH CHF (P<0.05). Splenomegaly and liver cirrhosis occurred more often in children with CHF, but there was no significant difference in the incidences of splenomegaly and liver cirrhosis between the children with PH CHF and mixed CHF. The plasma prothrombin activity, white blood cell counts, platelet counts, mean platelet volume, serum levels of alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, γ-glutamyl transferase, leucine aminopeptidase, and total bile acids in children with mixed CHF were higher than in those with PH CHF (P<0.05). The decreased international normalized ratio and lower serum albumin levels were more frequently observed in children with mixed CHF than in those with PH CHF (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PH and mixed CHF are common forms in childhood CHF. The children with the two forms of PH usually manifest portal hypertension such as cirrhosis and hepatosplenomegaly. The liver damage may be common in children with mixed CHF.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Alkaline Phosphatase , Blood , Child , Female , Genetic Diseases, Inborn , Diagnosis , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Diagnosis , Male , Splenomegaly
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811914

ABSTRACT

@#To investigate the related substances of tenofovir, 3 related substances were synthesized. RP-HPLC analytical method was developed using Agilent ZORBAX SB-C18 column. The mobile phase composed of methanol and 0. 02 mol/L potassium dihydrogen phosphate. Linear gradient elution was used and the detection wavelength was 260 nm. 3 impurities were found in tenofovir. The established method was accurate and reproducible, and it can be applied for the related substances test in tenofovir.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330246

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Zhusha Anshen pill, cinnabar, HgS, HgCl2 and MeHg on the gene expression of renal transporters in mice.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Healthy male mice were given equivalent physiological saline, Zhusha Anshen pill (1.8 g · kg(-1), containing 0.17 g · kg(-1) of mercury), cinnabar (0.2 g · kg(-1), containing 1.7 g · kg(-1) of mercury), high dose cinnabar (2 g · kg(-1), containing 1.7 g · kg(-1) of mercury), HgS (0.2 g · kg(-1), containing 0.17 g · kg(-1) of mercury), HgCl2 (0.032 g · kg(-1), containing 0. 024 g · kg(-1) of mercury), MeHg (0.026 g · kg(-1), containing 0.024 g · kg(-1) of mercury), once daily, for 30 d, measuring body mass gain. 30 days later, the mice were sacrificed. The mercury accumulation in kidneys was detected with atomic fluorescence spectrometer. Expressions of Oat1, Oat2, Oat3, Mrp2, Mrp4, Urat1 were detected with RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the normal control group, a significant accumulation of Hg in kidney in HgCl2 and MeHg groups was observed (P <0.05), but these changes were not found in other groups. Compared with normal control group, mRNA expressions of Oat1 and Oat2 were evidently lower in HgCl2 and MeHg groups, but mRNA expressions of Mrp2 were apparently higher in HgCl2 group (P <0.05), mRNA expression of Mrp4 was significant higher in HgCl2 and MeHg groups, and mRNA expression of Urat1 was apparently lower in MeHg group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HgCl2 and MeHg groups show significant difference from the normal group in mercury accumulation in kidneys and gene expression of kidney transporters, but with no difference between other groups and the normal group. Compared with HgCl2 and MeHg, cinnabar and its compounds could cause lower renal toxicity to mice.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Carrier Proteins , Genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Toxicity , Gene Expression , Kidney , Metabolism , Male , Mercuric Chloride , Toxicity , Mercury Compounds , Toxicity , Methylmercury Compounds , Toxicity , Mice , Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins , Genetics , Organic Anion Transport Protein 1 , Genetics , Organic Anion Transporters, Sodium-Independent , Genetics
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237708

ABSTRACT

Two new polyesters, talapolyesters G-H (1-2) were isolated from the wetland soil-derived fungus Talaromyces flavus BYD07-13, and their structures were determined by NMR and MS spectroscopic data. The absolute configurations of the residues were determined by alkaline hydrolysis. The cytotoxicity against five tumor cell lines (HL-60, SMMC-7721, A-549, MCF-7 and SW480) of 1-2 was examined.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Molecular Structure , Polyesters , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Talaromyces , Chemistry , Wetlands
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