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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921708

ABSTRACT

Network pharmacology and the mouse model of viral pneumonia caused by influenza virus FM_1 were employed to explore the main active components and the mechanism of Pulsatilla chinensis against the inflammatory injury of influenza virus-induced pneumonia. The components and targets of P. chinensis were searched from TCMSP, and the targets associated with influenza virus-induced pneumonia were searched from GeneCards. The common targets between P. chinensis and influenza virus-induced pneumonia were identified with Venn diagram established in Venny 2.1. The herb-component-disease-target(H-C-D-T) network was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.2. The above data were imported into STRING for PPI network analysis. Gene Ontology(GO) enrichment and KEGG pathway enrichment were performed with DAVID. BALB/cAnN mice were infected with the influenza virus FM_1 by nasal drip to gene-rate the mouse model of pneumonia. Immunohistochemistry was adopted to the expression profiling of inflammatory cytokines in the lung tissues of mice in the blank group, model group, and P. chinensis group 1, 3, 5, and 7 days after infection. The pathological changes of lung and trachea of mice in blank group, model group, and P. chinensis group were observed with light microscope and scanning electron microscope at all the time points. The network pharmacological analysis indicated that 9 compounds of P. chinensis were screened out, with a total of 57 targets, 22 of which were overlapped with those of influenza virus-induced pneumonia. A total of 112 GO terms(P<0.05) were enriched, including 81 terms of biological processes, 11 terms of cell components, and 20 terms of molecular functions. A total of 53 KEGG signaling pathways(P<0.05) were enriched, including TNF signaling pathway, influenza A signaling pathway, NF-κB signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway and other signaling pathways related to influenza/inflammation. In the P. chinensis group, the expression of TNF-α and IL-1 in the lung tissue was down-regulated on the 3 rd day after infection, and that of IL-6 in the lung tissue was down-regulated on the 5 th day after infection. Light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy showed that P. chinensis significantly alleviated the pathological damage of lung and trachea compared with the model group. This study reflects the multi-components, multi-targets, and multi-pathways of P. chinensis against influenza virus-induced pneumonia. P. chinensis may reduce the production of proinflammatory cytokines and mediators and block the pro-inflammatory signaling pathways to alleviate viral pneumonia, which provides reference for future research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mice , Network Pharmacology , Orthomyxoviridae , Pneumonia/genetics , Pulsatilla
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922771

ABSTRACT

The current study was designed to explore the brain protection mechanism of Xinglou Chengqi Decoction (XCD) based on gut microbiota analysis and network pharmacology. A transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of mice was established, followed by behavioral evaluation, TTC and TUNEL staining. Additionally, to investigate the effects of gut microbiota on neurological function after stroke, C57BL/6 mice were treated with anti-biotic cocktails 14 days prior to ischemic stroke (IS) to deplete the gut microbiota. High-throughput 16S rDNA gene sequencing, metabonomics technique, and flow multifactor technology were used to analyze bacterial communities, SCFAs and inflammatory cytokines respectively. Finally, as a supplement, network pharmacology and molecular docking were applied to fully explore the multicomponent-multitarget-multichannel mechanism of XCD in treating IS, implicated in ADME screening, target identification, network analysis, functional annotation, and pathway enrichment analysis. We found that XCD effectively improved neurological function, relieved cerebral infarction and decreased the neuronal apoptosis. Moreover, XCD promoted the release of anti-inflammatory factor like IL-10, while down-regulating pro-inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-17A, and IL-22. Furthermore, XCD significantly increased the levels of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially butyric acid. The mechanism might be related to the regulation of SCFAs-producing bacteria like Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia, and bacteria that regulate inflammation like Paraprevotella, Roseburia, Streptophyta and Enterococcu. Finally, in the network pharmacological analysis, 51 active compounds in XCD and 44 intersection targets of IS and XCD were selected. As a validation, components in XCD docked well with key targets. It was obviously that biological processes were mainly involved in the regulation of apoptotic process, inflammatory response, response to fatty acid, and regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier in GO enrichment. XCD can improve neurological function in experimental stroke mice, partly due to the regulation of gut microbiota. Besises, XCD has the characteristic of "multi-component, multi-target and multi-channel" in the treatment of IS revealed by network pharmacology and molecular docking.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Stroke/drug therapy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905897

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of Fuzheng Touxie prescription (FZTX) on the immune homeostasis of drug-resistant <italic>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</italic> lung infection in rats at different time points. Method:A total of 168 rats were divided into a blank group (<italic>n</italic>=8),a model group (<italic>n</italic>=40),a Touxie (TX) group (<italic>n</italic>=40),an early Fuzheng (FZ) group (<italic>n</italic>=40), and a delayed FZ group (<italic>n</italic>=40). The blank group was given distilled water by gavage, the model group was given distilled water by gavage after infection,the TX group was given clear heat and penetrate evil drug free decoction granules(3.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) by gavage after infection, the early FZ group was given Fuzheng Touxie whole formula free decoction granules(10.75 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) by gavage after infection, the delayed FZ group was given clear heat and penetrate evil drug free decoction granules by gavage after infection, on the third day plus Fuzheng drug free decoction granules[(3.5+10.75) g·kg<sup>-1</sup>] by gavage, the three treatment groups were gavaged twice a day, 2 mL each time .Each drug treatment group was divided into five groups according to five time points (3 h,1 d,3 d,5 d, and 7 d), with eight rats in each group. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>),high mobility group protein 1(HMGB1),interleukin-10(IL-10), and tumor necrosis factor -<italic>α</italic>-induced protein-8-like2 (TIPE2) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and HMGB1 protein expression level by Western blot. Result:At 3 h,the TNF-<italic>α</italic> content in the drug treatment groups was higher than that in the blank group and the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 3 d,the TNF-<italic>α</italic> content in the early FZ group and the delayed FZ group was lower than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05) and the TX group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 1 d,the HMGB1 content in the TX group and the delayed FZ group was higher than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 5 d,the HMGB1 content was lower in the delayed FZ group than in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 7 d,HMGB1 protein expression in the model group was higher than that in the blank group (<italic>P</italic><0.05) and the early FZ group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 3 d,the IL-10 content was significantly higher in both the early FZ group and the delayed FZ group than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 5 d,the IL-10 content was higher in the early FZ group than that in the TX group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 7 d,the IL-10 content in the early FZ group and the delayed FZ group was lower than that in the TX group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 5 d,the TIPE2 content in the early FZ group was lower than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 7 d,the TIPE2 content in the TX group and the delayed FZ group was lower than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:FZTX or modified prescription can promote the inflammatory response to eliminate pathogenic bacteria in the early stage and suppress the inflammatory response in the late stage to avoid the inflammatory cascade effect and lung tissue damage,indicating that Fuzheng drugs have an important role in maintaining the immune homeostasis of the body after infection.

4.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 6-10, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284147

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of pediatric burn in the midwest region of Inner Mongolia and the related areas, and to provide reference for seeking pertinent measures of prevention and treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Medical records of patients hospitalized in the 253rd Hospital of PLA, the 322nd Hospital of PLA, and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Hospital from January 1996 to December 2010 were collected. Patients were divided into pediatric burn group with specific reason (group SF, with scald resulted from construction defect of Guo-lian-kang--a heatable brick bed linked to a cooking pot), and burn control group with other causes (group C) according to the main injury cause. Clinical data of patients in both groups, including general condition, family background, occurrence regularity, and outcome, were analyzed. The epidemiological trend of variation before and after taking preventive measures (1996 to 2001 and 2002 to 2010) was compared. Data were processed with chi-square test and rank sum test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) General condition: out of 16 595 pediatric burn patients, 15 816 cases (95.3%) suffered scald due to liquids with high temperature, and 779 cases (4.7%) suffered burns due to other causes. Patients in group SF (scald due to specific cause--Guo-lian-kang) accounted for 32.2% (5089/15 816) of the total suffered scald by liquids with high temperature, and 30.7% (5089/16 595) of all the inpatients the cause of burn was related to Guo-lian-kang (group SF). The patients in group SF admitted to the 322nd Hospital of PLA accounted for 34.2% of all the inpatients admitted to this hospital (1803/5267), more than the other two hospitals in this study. The number of patients in group C was 11 506, accounted for 69.3% of all the inpatients. The age of patients ranged from 8 months to 5 years in group SF and 1 month to 12 years in group C. The age of the majority of patients ranged from 1 to 3 years in both groups. The ratio of male to female was 2.1:1.0 in group SF and 1.4:1.0 in group C. The incidence of scald involving multiple body parts in group SF (3590 cases accounting for 70.5%) was obviously higher than that of group C (6311 cases accounting for 54.8%, χ(2) = 361.138, P < 0.01). In both group SF and group C, the incidence in different sites was ranked from high to low as follows: upper limbs, lower limbs, the head-face-neck region, and the trunk. The degree of injury in group SF was much more severe than that of group C (Z = 27.770, P < 0.01). The rate of patients without pre-hospital treatment was 31.2% (1588/5089) in group SF, which was obviously higher than that of group C (24.8%, 2857/11 506, χ(2) = 73.010, P < 0.01). The rate of patients treated with cryotherapy was obviously lower in group SF (14.7%, 747/5089) than in group C (19.6%, 2255/11 506, χ(2) = 57.636, P < 0.01). The rate of patients treated with delayed resuscitation (6 hours after injury) in group SF (31.5%, 1601/5089) was obviously higher than that of group C (7.8%, 897/11 506, χ(2) = 1545.234, P < 0.01). (2) Family background and occurrence regularity: in group SF, 67.3% (3424/5089) of the patients came from farming area, 22.1% (1123/5089) from villages and towns, and 10.7% (542/5089) from urban areas. In group C, 32.4% (3727/11 506) of the patients came from farming area, 48.4% (5570/11 506) from villages and towns, and 19.2% (2209/11 506) from urban areas. Most of the patients in group SF (77.8%, 3958/5089) were injured between October and March, while most of the patients in group C (58.2%, 6697/11 506) were injured between May and October. (3) Outcome and epidemiological variation: the cure rate of patients in group SF was 32.3% (1645/5089), which was obviously lower than that of group C (44.7%, 5143/11 506, χ(2) = 215.615, P < 0.01). The mortality of patients in group SF was 1.6% (79/5089), and it was obviously higher than that of group C (0.4%, 46/11 506, χ(2) = 62.700, P < 0.01). From 1996 to 2001, patients in group SF accounted for 42.5% (2213/5212), while patients in group C accounted for 57.5% (2999/5212) of the inpatients scalded by hot liquid. After taking preventive measures against injury due to Guo-lian-kang, incidence of scald injury in group SF was lowered to 27.1% (2876/10 604), while the incidence in group C remained at 72.9% (7728/10 604) of the inpatients with hot liquid scald from 2002 to 2010. The difference between the two periods was statistically significant (χ(2) = 376.695,P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The defect of construction of Guo-lian-kang is one of the main factors that lead to a high incidence of pediatric burn in the midwest of Inner Mongolia. Installation of a protective bannister between the cooking pot and the "kang (heatable brick bed)" can obviously reduce the incidence of scald injury. Special injury-causing factors, unprofessional pre-hospital treatment of the wound, delayed resuscitation after shock are the main causes of increasing mortality and disability, and they constitute the key targets of prevention and treatment of such injury in future.</p>


Subject(s)
Burns , Epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Humans , Infant , Male
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255057

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The study was to verify the feasibility of an improved method using reverse flow island flap nourished by the sural nerve nutrition vessel to repair severe frostbite of feet.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>At the proximal end of the principal flap, an auxiliary triangular skin flap of 6.5 - 7 cm in length was designed in order to cover the pedicle of the principal flap. This operation was performed on 13 patients (21 feet) with frostbite.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the flaps survived well. Postoperative follow-up for 5 - 18 months demonstrated satisfactory results in all the cases. No ulcer happened.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The method is helpful to prevent constriction of the pedicle and ensure blood supply of the flap. It is an ideal treatment for severe frostbite of feet.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Foot Injuries , General Surgery , Frostbite , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Skin Transplantation , Surgical Flaps , Young Adult
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